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Section 2 - Sensors

Definition:
A sensor is a device which detects or measures a physical property and records, indicates, or otherwise responds to it.
A sensor measures the amount of something.

KEY POINT: Sensors are used to provide input for measurement applications.

Task 1
Each of the pictures below shows a different type of sensor. Work out what type of sensor each one is and what system its part of.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

A proximity Sensor, being used in a used in an automatic door System


A security Sensor, being used in a used in a school System
A infrared Sensor, being used in a used in a switch System
A temperature Sensor, being used in a used in an air conditioning System
A DNA Sensor, being used in a used in an optical finger recognition System

Task 2

Analogue data is a measurement of a physical property such as temperature or movement or sound. An analogue
data change in smooth increments in doesnt just from on measurement to another.

Digital data is simply 0s and 1s. computers only understand digital data.
Therefore an analogue to digital converter is used because sensors produce analogue data whereas computers only
process digital data. And those two arent compatible so the conversion is needed so it can work.

Task 3

A heating system uses a sensor to decide when the radiators should be turned on and off.
The controls are set to maintain a room temperature of 22 Degrees C
When the system turns on, the water must flow round and be constantly warmed.
Sensors

Output Devices

Pressure

Light

Motor

Heater

Moisture

Infra-Red

Pump

Buzzer

Temperature

Light

1. What Sensor(s) would be needed in this system? Explain their use


Temperature sensors would be needed so the heat can be maintained at the same heat

2. What output devices would be needed in this system? Explain their use
A heater device would be needed so that it can keep on heating the water

3. Fill in the PROCESSES (rules) below that this system would need to follow

Example: If the speed is greater than 70 then turn the motor OFF.

Rule 1: If the temperature is greater than 22 then turn heat off


Rule 2: If the temperature is less than 22 degrees then turn the heater off

Sensors Exam
questions
temperature, sunlight,
motion detectors

because there is analougue


data and digital data and the
computer cann only read
digital data so the
analougue data is
uncopatible sraight from the
sensor.
Digital data
Computers are more presice
and they make no errors.

To answer this question, you will need to think about the rules you created in the final lesson task
+---

It could have a motion input and have a buzzer output the process would be if anything moves then the buzzer
goes off
Also if it had a sound input and a light output so if sound is greater than 10 decibels then the light turns on.
Finally it could have a heat input and a siren output so if the temperature is higher than 40cdegrees then a siren goes
off.