You are on page 1of 3

Biodiversity and Cultural Diversity in Greenland

In Greenland there are a few different cultures. The most common and the
largest population in Greenland are apart of the Inuit. They identify themselves as
hunters. Within their culture hunting is tradition and has been the heart of the
Inuits. They fish for fish, and hunt for sea animals, birds, eggs, berries and seaweed.
In there culture this is the job of the men; to provide for their family. In the Inuit
culture they do not hunt for recreational purposes, it is their way of life. Another
culture present in Greenland is the Thules. This culture is very similar to the Inuits.
A difference is that they are travelers and migrators. They in fact also use hunting as
their way of life but explore to do so. Another difference is their living situation. The
Inuits live in small cottages and the Thules live in a hut made from whalebones.
Lastly, a huge part of Greenland is consumed of tourists. Individuals visit often to
seek knowledge about the world. They come to experience life as one would who
lived in Greenland: hunting, fishing, and capture photos. The tourism is a main
source of income and economically benefits the country.
It is well known that Greenland is in the artic; constantly snowing and
freezing temperatures, but what is unknown is the high biodiversity within the
country. Due to the fact that Greenland is surrounded by water the natural
ecosystem is extremely diverse. There are many types of fish, such as cod, caplin,
halibut and rockfish. Water species are also very crucial to their culture. In northern
Greenland there is a large variety of plants due to the mosses and shrub. The main
land animals that are extremely important to the tradition of Greenlanders in polar

bears, reindeers, and the artic wolf. These animals are used for hunting purposed.
The main sea animals that often swim near the coast of Greenland are all different
species of whales, walruses and species of seals. The Greenland shark is a very
useful and targeted species for the Greenlanders; they are needed for the oil in their
liver.
Given that the culture of Greenland relies on their animals to survive the
climate can completely affect or change the culture in Greenland. Recently there has
been a warming of temperatures in Greenland. It is slowly affecting the wild life in
Greenland. Walrus, polar bears, and seals are much more difficult to hunt because of
the lack of ice. The animals have began to move north is search of colder waters.
This is one example showing how the biodiversity and climate strongly can play a
role on their traditions and lifestyle.
This also works vise-versa. The native individuals of Greenland can cause a
large affect on the biodiversity. The reason
for the rising temperatures in Greenland is
because of the excessive carbon dioxide
being released into the atmosphere. In the
image there is a chart displaying the main
causes for global warming in Greenland. If
the world continues to warm the animals
and species will begin to disappear. This
not only affects the biodiversity of Greenland, but their culture as well.

Works Cited
The Causes of Global Warming. (n.d.). Retrieved November 5, 2014.
(n.d.). Retrieved November 5, 2014, from
http://www.natur.gl/fileadmin/user_files/Dokumenter/Tekniske_rapporter/Biodive
rsity_of_Greenland.pdf