Name: Delfeayo Walters

ID# 0008907
Course Title: History of Design
Course Code: ARTH 321
Tutor: L. S-Nicholson
Barbados Community College
Date: November 6th 2014

Japanese Culture – Manga Creation
What is Manga? According to my research Manga in Japanese, means "flowing words"
or "Undisciplined words". It is an ancient art that has been used for centuries as a form of
entertainment. It's basically Japanese graphic novels, which can be easily translated to
English. As you know English novels are read from left to right whilst Japanese novels
are read right to left and is mostly in black and white with square panels with illustrations
& speech bubbles with dialogue. However, just saying manga are comics from Japan is
amiss. Manga is a major part of Japan’s publishing industry, accounting for over 25
percent of all printed materials in the country. They become so sought after because their
influence that many of the graphic novels/comics turn into “Anime”, toys and video
games to market. They offer something for everyone and can be purchased from a wide
range of retail and online stores. It is a huge part of Japanese pop culture and is spread
worldwide with known works by Masashi Kishimoto (Naruto), Tite Kubo (Bleach),
Eiichiro Oda (One Piece) Mashima Hiro (Fairy Tail) etc. to this current date.

Emerging more in the 16th century there was a unique style of manga where they would
ink brushed illustrated prints with captions, but it lacked a progressive story just like how
they had video reels without any audio. The earliest examples of Japanese sequential art
are thought to date from the 12th Chōjū Jinbutsu Giga by Bishop Toba who illustrated
animal scrolls.

The Choju Giga picture
scrolls by the Japanese
Buddhist
monk Bishop Toba in the
12th century – an early
example
of Japanese sequential art.

In Japan during the late 1920's and early 1930's the Japanese government began to
intimidate artists and publishers. The result was the closing-down or extreme
censoring of magazines, to say what needed to be said, "jail editors" would take the
blame for publishing a comic that criticized the government and went to jail. It was
very controversial because editors believed that this was a media to incorporate
fiction with nonfiction to get a point across.

Osamu Tezuka (1928-1989) also dubbed as the “Father of manga” was not the
founder of manga but his works were highly regarded and many compared his
works to Walt Disney. He had set a benchmark and set a foundation for cartoonist
and animators. His projects such as “Astro Boy” were one of the most prominent
mangas out at the time and still watched and read up to this day.

In Conclusion, Manga in japan is a very important part of their identity and culture,
it has paved a way for artist to create and inspire others. Integrating with the digital
age the world is in right now, Manga in japan will only continue to flourish, as there
is only a bright future for the industry.

Bibliography
http://www.legacy.com/news/legends-and-legacies/osamu-tezuka-god-ofmanga/327/

http://www.accu.or.jp/appreb/09/pdf34-1/34-1P003-005.pdf

http://www.insidejapantours.com/japanese-culture/manga-and-anime/

http://archive.wired.com/images/pdf/Wired_1511_mangaamerica.pdf

http://www.matt-thorn.com/mangagaku/history.html