The importance of good nutrition

•What influences our food choices
• The nutrients our body needs
•A focus on the 6 nutrient groups:
•Carbohydrates
•Proteins

**PLEASE NOTE**

•Fats
•Vitamins
•Minerals
•Water

Assessment 1 will use this
information!!!

Good nutrition enhances your quality of life and
helps you prevent disease. It provides you with the
calories and nutrients your body needs for maximum
energy and wellness.
NUTRITION: THE PROCESS BY WHICH THE BODY TAKES IN
AND USES FOOD.
NUTRIENTS: SUBSTANCES IN FOODS THAT YOUR BODY
NEEDS TO GROW, TO REPAIR, AND TO PROVIDE ENERGY.
CALORIES: UNITS OF HEAT THAT MEASURE THE ENERGY
USED BY THE BODY AND ENERGY SUPPLIED TO THE BODY
BY FOODS.

1. Hunger and Appetite:

Hunger: Natural need to eat and not starve.
Appetite: A desire to eat.
2. Emotions:
•Stress, Anger, Happy, Sad, Boredom, etc,
3. Environment:
•Family and Friends
4. Cultural and Ethnic Background:
•Race, Religion, Heritage
5. Convenience and Cost:
•Where you live, On the go lifestyle, Family income
6. Advertising:
•Health messages, Influence your looks

6 GROUPS OF NUTRIENTS:
•Carbohydrates
•Proteins
•Fats
•Vitamins
•Minerals
•Water

Carbohydrates: are the starches
and sugars present in food.
They are classified as either simple
or complex.
Complex carbohydrates are
starches. Examples include:

•whole grains
•seeds
•legumes
- Fiber is an indigestible complex
carbohydrate that helps move waste
through the digestive system.

Simple carbohydrates: are
sugars. Examples include:
•glucose
•fructose
•lactose.
•Body’s preferred source of
energy.
• Body converts all carbohydrates
to glucose, a simple sugar.
• Glucose is not used right away
and it is stored as glycogen.
• Too many carbohydrates will
cause the body to store the excess
as fat.

Proteins are nutrients that help build and maintain body cells and tissues.

Proteins are classified into two
groups: complete and
incomplete.
Complete proteins contain
amounts of all nine essential
amino acids.
SOURCES INCLUDE:
*Fish, meat, poultry, eggs,
milk, cheese, yogurt, and
many soybean products.
Incomplete proteins lack one
or more essential amino acids.
SOURCES INCLUDE:
*Beans, peas, nuts, and
whole grains.

Proteins have many functions:
- Help make new cells.
-Help make and repair
tissues.
- Help make enzymes,
hormones, and antibodies.
- Provide energy.



Fats are a type of lipid, a fatty
substance that do not dissolve in
water.
The building blocks of fats are
called fatty acids
Fatty Acids are classified as two
types
Saturated:
– Animal fats and tropical oils
– High intake is associated with
an increased risk of heart
disease
Unsaturated:
– Vegetable fats
– Associated with a reduced risk
of heart disease




Fatty acids that the body needs,
but is unable to make are called
essential fatty acids
Transport vitamins A, D, E, and
K
Sources of linoleic acidessential fatty acid that is
needed for growth and healthy
skin
High intake of saturated fats is
linked to increased cholesterol
production
Excess cholesterol can lead to
an increased risk of heart
disease

Vitamins are compounds that help regulate many vital body
processes that include:
1.

Digestion

2. Absorption

3. Metabolism 4. Circulation

Vitamins are classified into two groups:
– Water-soluble vitamins
dissolve in water and pass
easily into the blood during
digestion. The body does not
store these so they need to be
replenished regularly. Includes
vitamins C, B1 ,B2, Niacin, B6,
Folic acid, and B12.

– Fat-soluble vitamins are
absorbed, stored, and
transported in fat. Your body
stores these vitamins in your
fatty tissue, liver, and kidneys.
Excess buildup can be
toxic.These include vitamins A,
D, E, and K.

Minerals are substances that the body cannot
manufacture but are needed for forming healthy bones
and teeth and regulating many vital body processes.
Important minerals include:
-Calcium -Phosphorus –Magnesium -Iron



Water helps to maintain many bodily
functions.
Lubricates your joints and mucous
membranes.
Enables you to swallow and digest foods.
Absorb other nutrients, and eliminate wastes.
Perspiration helps maintain normal body
temperature.
Water makes up around 65% of the body.
It’s important to drink at least 8 cups of water
a day to maintain health.