Warm Up

1. The Compromise of 1850 conflicted with the Missouri Compromise because
A. It restricted slavery to states below the Mason-Dixon Line
B. It assured the Congress would maintain a balance between free and slave
states
C. It allowed states to determine their slave status
D. It called for an end to slavery by the beginning of the 20th century
2. The Wilmot Proviso, The Missouri Compromise and Compromise of 1850
were all designed to
A. End slavery in the South
B. Emancipate slave
C. extend slavery to new US territories
D. deal with the issue of slavery in new territories

3. According to the Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854, whether a state was free
or slave would be determined by
A. the time of each presidential election
B. a majority vote in Congress
C. a vote in the state legislature
D. popular sovereignty

Today in History

November 6th:
• 1861: Jefferson Davis elected president
of the Confederacy
• 2008: Obama elected 1st African
American president

Think outside the box!

Can you think of groups of people
that you know that fight?
• What do they fight about?
• How can they find a resolution?

Civil War

Lincoln and 1860

New anti-slavery party:
Republicans (1854)
Abraham Lincoln wins
• First Republican prez
• NO support in South
• Candidates divided
by region

South feared he’d end
slavery

Southern Secession

South Carolina
secedes
• Other southern states
soon to follow

The Confederates
States of America is
formed
• Jefferson Davis
elected president

Fort Sumter (1861)

Union
still had
Southern forts
SC demanded
Union
withdrawal
Confederate
troops
surround,
open fire
• START OF WAR

Taking
Sides

After Fort
Sumter:
Arkansas,
Tennessee,
Virginia,
and North
Carolina secede
Slave states that did not secede: Missouri,
Kentucky, Maryland

Anaconda Plan

Battle of Bull Run:
• War’s first battle
• Big Union defeat
• Long war ahead
New Union
strategy:
Anaconda Plan
• Surround
Confederacy
• Cut off all supply
lines, trade, communications

Lincoln “Emergency Powers”

Feared Conf.
sympathizers
in Border states
• Declared martial
law in Maryland
• Suspended the
writ of habeas
corpus (person
can’t be held
without being brought before a judge)
• Jailed Confederate supporters

Instituted the draft (led to riots)

Emancipation Proclamation


January 1863: Lincoln
issues Emancipation Proc
Freed all slaves in Confdrcy
(kept slavery in Border states)
Symbolic, limited in scope
Reasons:
• Decrease labor force
• Weaken the South
economically
• Boost morale in the North
• Ensure France and G. Britain would not aid the
Confederates

Review
1. Which document only symbolically freed southern slaves, but
created a moral focus for the Civil War?
A. The thirteenth amendment
B. The Gettysburg Address
C. The Emancipation Proclamation
D. The Fugitive Slave Law
2. Which of the following describes Lincoln’s reason for suspending
Habeas Corpus?
A. He wanted to free all slaves in the Confederate States
B. He wanted to detain those arrested during the Civil War
indefinitely
C. He believed that Union soldiers were unable of winning the war
D. He wanted to punish southern leaders of the Confederacy
3. Why was Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation significant?
A. It freed all the slaves C. It created the spoils system
B. It restored the Union D. It established a moral cause for war

4. Why was the Emancipation proclamation limited in scope?
A. It only applied to enslaved people living under the Confederacy
B. It freed the enslaved only for a year
C. It prohibited slaves from serving in the military
D. It fostered negotiations between North and South to end the
war
5. This man served as the President of the Confederates States of
America
A. Robert E. Lee
C. Jefferson Davis
B. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson D. John C. Calhoun

Zinn Chapter 9
1. What were the various ways Africans resisted slavery?
2. What did Harriet Tubman mean by
“you’ll be free or die” (p. 131).
3. What was the abolition movement? Who were examples of
abolitionists?
4. How did the new territory gained from Mexico impact slavery?
5. Why did 7 states secede from the Union in 1860?
6. Why did Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation? What
did it say?
7. How did the Civil War impact blacks both positively and
negatively?
8. What did a Confederate soldier mean by “if slaves will make
good soldiers, our whole theory of slavery is wrong” (p. 142)?
9. When he refers to time after the Civil War as “emancipation
without freedom”?
10. Du Bois said that the growth of American capitalism meant
that whites as well as blacks were becoming slaves (p. 146). Do
you agree? Explain.