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The Science of Pranayama - Sivananda

The Science of Pranayama - Sivananda

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Published by: keros on Aug 16, 2007
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Thetimetakeninmakingaroundofthepalmofthehand,neitherveryslownorquickly
snapping the fingers once, is called Matra.

Eachtime-unitiscalledMatra.Thetwinklingofaneyeissometimestakenastheperiodof
oneMatra.TimeoccupiedbyonenormalrespirationisconsideredasoneMatra.Timetakenupin
pronouncingthemono-syllable,OM,isregardedasoneMatra.Thisisveryconvenient.Many
Pranayama-practitioners adopt this time-unit in their practice.

Padmasana (Lotus Pose)

ThisisalsoknownbythenameKamalasana.Kamalameanslotus.WhentheAsanais
demonstrated it presents the appearance of a lotus in a way. Hence the name Padmasana.

AmongstthefourposesprescribedforJapaandDhyana,Padmasanacomesforemost.Itis
thebestAsanaforcontemplation.RishislikeGheranda,Sandilya,speakveryhighlyofthis
importantAsana.Thisishighlyagreeableforhouseholders.EvenladiescansitinthisAsana.
Padmasana is suitable for lean persons and for youths as well.

19

THE SCIENCE OF PRANAYAMA

Padmasana

Technique

Sitonthegroundbyspreadingthelegsforward.Thenplacetherightfootontheleftthigh
andtheleftfootontherightthigh.Placethehandsontheknee-joints.Youcanmakeafinger-lock
andkeepthelockedhandsovertheleftankle.Thisisveryconvenientforsomepersons.Oryoucan
placethelefthandovertheleftkneeandtherighthandovertherightkneewiththepalmfacing
upwards and the index finger touching the middle portion of the thumb (Chinmudra).

Siddhasana (The Perfect Pose)

NexttoPadmasanacomesSiddhasanainimportance.SomeeulogisethisAsanaaseven
superiortoPadmasanaforthepurposeofDhyana(contemplation).Ifyougetmasteryoverthis
AsanayouwillacquiremanySiddhis.Further,itwasbeingpractisedbymanySiddhas(perfected
Yogins) of yore. Hence the name Siddhasana.

EvenfattypersonswithbigthighscanpractisethisAsanadaily.Infactthisisbetterfor
somepersonsthanPadmasana.YoungBrahmacharins,whoattempttogetestablishedincelibacy,
should practise this Asana. This is not suitable for ladies.

20

THE SCIENCE OF PRANAYAMA

Siddhasana

Technique

PlacetheleftheelattheanusorGuda,theterminalopeningofthealimentarycanalor
digestivetube.Keeptherightheelontherootofthegenerativeorgan,thefeetorlegsshouldbeso
nicelyarrangedthattheankle-jointsshouldtoucheachother.HandscanbeplacedasinPadmasana.

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