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Physical Map of the World, April 2006

Independent state

AUSTRALIA
Bermuda

Dependency or area of special sovereignty


Island / island group

150

Capital

90

120

60

30

ARCTIC OCEAN

Scale 1:35,000,000
Robinson Projection
standard parallels 38N and 38S

Ellesmere
Island

Banks
Island

Norwegian
Sea

Jan Mayen
(NORWAY)

Chukchi
Sea

Buenos Aires
Montevideo

ARGENTINA

MO

Reunion
(FRANCE)

Europa Island
(FRANCE)

Pretoria

Christmas Island

NC

(AUSTL.)

Cocos
(Keeling) Islands

AFRICA

Arafura
Sea

EAST TIMOR

NC

SOLOMON
ISLANDS

(deepest point of the


Indian Ocean, -7258 m)

Ashmore and
Cartier Islands

Timor
Sea
Gulf of
Carpentaria

(AUSTL.)

Mbabane
SWAZILAND

Coral Sea
Islands

Port-Vila

Niue
(N.Z.)

Suva
Nuku'alofa

TONGA

Noumea

Tropic of Capricorn (2327')

A U S T R A L I A

Lake Eyre
(lowest point in
Australia, -15 m)

SOUTH
PACIFIC

Norfolk
Island

Brisbane

(AUSTL.)

Durban
Perth

(AUSTL.)

(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)

TRISTAN DA CUNHA (St. Helena)

le Saint-Paul

Sydney

Mount Kosciuszko
(highest point in
Australia, 2229m)

Great Australian
Bight

le Amsterdam

(U.S.)

30

Auckland

Melbourne

NEW
ZEALAND

Tasman Sea

S
D
RI

(St. Helena)

KERMADEC
ISLANDS
(N.Z.)

OCEAN

Lord Howe
Island

Canberra

Tasmania

Wellington

French Southern and Antarctic Lands

Christchurch

(FRANCE)

CHATHAM ISLANDS
(N.Z.)
PRINCE EDWARD
ISLANDS
(SOUTH AFRICA)

LES CROZET
(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)

SNARES ISLANDS
(N.Z.)
AUCKLAND
ISLANDS
(N.Z.)

LES KERGUELEN
(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)
Heard Island and
McDonald Islands
(AUSTL.)

Bouvet Island
(NORWAY)

Drake
Passage

American
Samoa

FIJI

VANUATU

New
Caledonia
(FRANCE)

GREAT VICTORIA
DESERT

Stanley

60

SAMOA
Apia
Mata-Utu
(FRANCE)
Pago Pago

(AUSTL.)

Cape
Town

Falkland Islands
(Islas Malvinas)
(administered by U.K.,
claimed by ARGENTINA)

Scotia Sea

Tokelau
(N.Z.)

Wallis and
Futuna

Coral
Sea
Re
ef

(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)

Laguna del Carbn


(lowest point in South
America and the Western
Hemisphere, -105 m)

Funafuti

TUVALU

Honiara

Port
Moresby

Gough Island

PATAGONIA

PAPUA
NEW GUINEA

Dili

(AUSTL.)

K I R I B A T I

Alice Springs

Maputo

Howland Island (U.S.)


Baker Island (U.S.)
0

Bismarck Sea

Banda Sea

Surabaya

Bandung

LESOTHO
SOUTH Maseru

(U.K.)

Punta Arenas

Antarctic Circle (6633')

OCEAN

O
Java Sea

ID

URUGUAY

MADAGASCAR

Port
Louis
MAURITIUS

Gaborone
Johannesburg

Santiago

ANDE

ARCHIPILAGO
JUAN FERNNDEZ
(CHILE)

Crdoba
Cerro Aconcagua
(highest point in South America,
6962 m)

KALAHARI
DESERT

Prto
Alegre

CHILE

St. Helena

(FRANCE)

SaintDenis

INDIAN

So Paulo

Asuncin

30

BOTSWANA

Walvis Bay

Antananarivo

Mozambique
Channel
Bassas
da India

(FRANCE)

EA

Rio de Janeiro

MI
D-A
T LA NTIC

Easter Island
(CHILE)

Isla San Ambrosio


(CHILE)

Windhoek
DESER

Isla San Felx


(CHILE)

Isla Sala y Gmez


(CHILE)

PARAGUAY

OCEAN

MOZAMBIQUE

ZIMBABWE
NAMIBIA

Tromelin Island

OC

(BRAZIL)

DESERT

Pitcairn Islands
(U.K.)

(BRAZIL)

IB

Trindade

AMA

Adamstown

Martin Vaz

(administered by FRANCE,
claimed by COMOROS)

Juan de Nova
Island (FR.)

Harare

ATAC

(2327')

LES TUBUAI
(Fr. Poly.)

ANO
IPL
ALT

Tropic of Capricorn

Belo
Horizonte

MALAWI

Lusaka

ATLANTIC

BOLIVIA

(FRANCE)

(St. Helena)

NA

SOUTH PACIFIC
a
OCEAN

(FRANCE)

Mayotte

Lilongwe

Namibe

St. Helena

Glorioso Islands

COMOROS

ZAMBIA

SOUTH

Braslia

Tarawa

Equator

Barrier

Lago
Titicaca
La Paz

Celebes Sea

t
Grea

P o l y n e s i

Moroni

ANGOLA

TR

F r e n c h

Lake
Nyasa

N
Jakarta

SEYCHELLES
Lubumbashi

Salvador

Diego
Garcia

MID - INDIAN

L
HI
- C

(Fr. Poly.)

TANZANIA

(U.K.)

Dar es Salaam

Luanda

(St. Helena)

BRAZIL

Dodoma

British Indian
Ocean Territory

RU

Ascension

Victoria

BURUNDI

Lake
Tanganyika

PALAU

Yaren NAURU
District

Mt. Kilimanjaro
(highest point in Africa, 5895 m)

JA

PE

SOCIETY
ISLANDS

Papeete

TAINS

OF THE CONGO

Kinshasa

(Cabinda)

Lima
Cook Islands

UN

REPUBLIC
ANGOLA

PERU

Lake
Victoria
Bujumbura

Brazzaville

Majuro

Palikir

Nairobi

RWANDA Kigali

(EQUA. GUI.)

(BRAZIL)

Fortaleza

LES MARQUISES
(Fr. Poly.)

DEMOCRATIC

Koror

TR
EN
CH

Annobon

Mogadishu

KENYA

BRUNEI

MARSHALL
ISLANDS

FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA

TO
NG
A

Manaus

Libreville REP. OF
THE
GABON
CONGO

So Tome

Medan

MALDIVES

Kuala
Lumpur
M A L A Y
Singapore
SINGAPORE

(U.S.)
Challenger Deep
(world's greatest ocean depth, -10924 m)

SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE

Equator

UGANDA
Kampala

SPRATLY
ISLANDS

Bandar Seri
Begawan

Male

Guam

Guayaquil

Gulf of Guinea

ARQUIPLAGO DE
FERNANDO DE NORONHA

Belm

Yaound

SOMALIA

Ho Chi Minh City

Phnom Penh
Gulf of
Thailand

NICOBAR
ISLANDS
(INDIA)

SRI
LANKA

PHILIPPINES

Malabo

Bangui

Colombo

Saipan

Hagta

(ECUADOR)

ECUADOR

CAMEROON

Laccadive
Sea

South China
Sea

CAMBODIA

Andaman
Sea

(INDIA)

EY
LL

ETHIOPIA

CENTRAL
AFRICAN REPUBLIC

ANDAMAN
ISLANDS
(INDIA)

Chennai
(Madras)
LAKSHADWEEP

Addis
Ababa

Abuja

(YEMEN)

Bangkok

GALAPAGOS
ISLANDS

(U.S.)

NIGERIA

Socotra

Djibouti

Bangalore

(U.S.)

Manila

VIETNAM

(U.S.)

Jarvis
Island

N'Djamena

DJIBOUTI Gulf of Aden

PARACEL
ISLANDS

THAILAND

Bengal

Arabian
Sea

Sea

(BRAZIL)

Quito

Lac 'Assal
(lowest point in Africa,
-155 m)

Sanaa

Rangoon

Wake Island

PENEDOS DE
SO PEDRO E SO PAULO

Asmara

SUDAN

Bay of

Northern
Mariana
Islands

Equator

Niamey

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

COLOMBIA

CHAD

- Hyderabad

Philippine

Hainan
Dao

Cali

Bogot

SENEGAL

Khartoum

Gulf of

Vientiane Tonkin

YEMEN

ERITREA

S.A.R.

LAOS

S
D
N

Isla de
Malpelo

Palmyra Atoll (U.S.)

VENEZUELA

NIGER

Pyinmana

INDIA

Hong Kong
Luzon Strait
Macau S.A.R.

Hanoi

BURMA

OMAN

Tropic of Cancer (2327')

Taiwan

Mandalay

CH
TREN

Medelln

Isla del Coco


(COSTA RICA)

Georgetown
Paramaribo
GUYANA
French Guiana
(FRANCE)
SURINAME Cayenne

I
AL

(JAPAN)

E
PPIN

Kingman Reef (U.S.)

TRINIDAD AND
TOBAGO

Caracas

KH

MALI

Banjul
BURKINA
Bamako
FASO
THE GAMBIA
Ouagadougou
Bissau
GUINEA
GUINEA-BISSAU
BENIN
Conakry
CTE
TOGO
Freetown
D'IVOIRE GHANA
SIERRA
Yamoussoukro
LEONE
Lagos
Lom
Accra
Monrovia
PortoAbidjan
LIBERIA
Novo

Port-of-Spain

Maracaibo

COSTA RICA Panama


PANAMA

Praia

L
B' A
RU

(U.S.)

Marcus Island

I
PHIL

(FRANCE)

Martinique (FR.)
ST. VINCENT AND ST. LUCIA
THE GRENADINES
BARBADOS
Neth. Antilles
(NETH.)
GRENADA

ARABIA

Mumbai
(Bombay)

Tombouctou

Dakar

(U.K.)

Jiddah

MAURITANIA

CAPE VERDE

DOMINICA

Kolkata Dhaka
(Calcutta)

- Ahmadabad

Aruba
(NETH.)

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA


Guadeloupe (FR.)

(U.S.)
Montserrat

Muscat

Midway
Islands

Caribbean Sea

San Jos

Clipperton Island

Santo Puerto
Domingo Rico

(U.S.)

GUATEMALA HONDURAS
Tegucigalpa
Guatemala
San Salvador
NICARAGUA
EL SALVADOR
Managua

(U.S.)

Navassa
Island

HAITI

Taipei

BANGLADESH

Karachi

UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES

Okinawa

Kingston

Nouakchott

Thimphu

A TRE

JAMAICA

BELIZE
Belmopan

ST. KITTS AND NEVIS

Abu
Dhabi

30

IAN

Puebla

Kathmandu

Kanpur

OMAN

East China
Sea

Chongqing

BHUTAN

AR

Prince

(U.K.)

ISLAS
REVILLAGIGEDO
(MEXICO)

Cayman Is.

QATAR

AS

I C
T

M I
D AT
L A

Mexico

Manama
Doha
Riyadh

Red
Sea

PAKISTAN

Persian
Gulf

AY

NEPAL

Shanghai

Wuhan

Guadalajara

EGYPT

BAHRAIN

Chengdu

(highest point in Asia


and the world, 8850 m)

Yokohama

OT

HAWAIIAN
ISLANDS

SAUDI

Pusan

Mt. Everest

AL

Tokyo
Osaka

N)
PA

CUBA

ALGERIA

Western
Sahara

IM

New
Delhi

KUWAIT

LIBYA

Lahore

Kuwait

Laayoune
(El Aain)

CHINA

Line of
Actual
Control

Islamabad

IRAN

Yellow
Sea

PACIFIC
OCEAN

JAPAN

Seoul
SOUTH
KOREA

H
- S

MEXICO

Honolulu

Baghdad

Dead Sea (lowest point in Asia, -408 m)

Indian
claim

JORDAN

Cairo

CANARY ISLANDS
(SP.)

AFGHANISTAN

Tianjin

(JA

Milwaukee Deep
Turks and
Caicos Islands (deepest point of the
(U.K.)
Atlantic Ocean, -8605 m)
British Virgin
Islands
(U.K.)
Port-au- DOMINICAN
Anguilla (U.K.)
REPUBLIC

Jerusalem

Amman

IRAQ

NORTH KOREA Japan


Pyongyang

PO

Havana

ISRAEL

Alexandria

Damascus

Kabul

NORTH

Sea of

Beijing

Tropic of Cancer (2327')

THE
BAHAMAS
Nassau

Miami

LEB.

Beirut

Shenyang

DESERT

1972
Line of Control

Mashhad

occupied by the SOVIET UNION in 1945,


administered by RUSSIA, claimed by JAPAN

Sapporo

TAKLA MAKAN

Dushanbe
TAJIKISTAN

Ashgabat

Tehran

SYRIA

Tashkent

TURKMENISTAN

Aleppo

CYPRUS

(GR.)

MOROCCO

Gulf of Mexico

Monterrey

Rabat

Baku

TURKEY
Nicosia

Crete

Tripoli

Houston

30

Yerevan

RT

SE

ARMENIA AZERBAIJAN

Bishkek
KYRGYZSTAN

DE

I
OB

Casablanca

UZBEKISTAN

(lowest point in
Europe, -28 m)

KURIL
ISLANDS

MONGOLIA
rmqi

Mediterranean Sea

(SP.)

MADEIRA
ISLANDS
(PORT.)

S.

Khabarovsk

Ulaanbaatar
.

NA

OCEAN

(U.K.)

MT

Caspian
Sea

Athens

Tunis MALTA
Valletta
TUNISIA

Melilla

IS
L A N
D S
AN
)

Bermuda

Tijuana

Izmir

Aral
Sea

Tbilisi

(IT.)

Algiers

Gibraltar(U.K.)

GEORGIA

Ankara

GREECE

(IT.)

Sicily
Ceuta (SP.)

CAU
C AS
US

Istanbul

MACEDONIA

Tirana

Sardinia

BALEARIC
ISLANDS
(SP.)

Gora El'brus
(highest point in Europe,
5633 m)

BULGARIA

Skopje

ALB.

Dallas

SPAIN

AZORES
(PORT.)

ATLANTIC

Atlanta

Los Angeles

Barcelona

Rome

Lake Balkhash

Black Sea

Sofia

KAZAKHSTAN

AP

NORTH

Washington, D.C.

SER.&
MONT.

LT

Kharkiv

Sea of
Azov

(U.S.)

Sakhalin
A

UKRAINE

ALEUTIAN ISLANDS
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy

Irkutsk

A
HI
AC

Madrid

VATICAN
CITY

(FR.)

Sea of
Okhotsk

Astana

SLOVAKIA

ITALY Sarajevo

Corsica

ANDORRA

PORTUGAL
Lisbon

Samara

BELARUS
Kiev

BOS. & HER.

MARINO

MONACO

Marseille

Lake
Baikal

Novosibirsk

Omsk

(J

(FRANCE)

Lake Ontario

Moscow

Bratislava
MOLDOVA
SWITZ.
AUSTRIA
Budapest
Chi sinau
FRANCE
S
HUNGARY
Ljubljana
Bern
LP
ROMANIA
Odesa
SLOVENIA
A
CROATIA Belgrade
Zagreb
Milan SAN
Bucharest

Bay of
Biscay

St. Pierre
and Miquelon

60

Bering Sea

Vienna

LIECH.

Yakutsk

RIDG

Denver

L
PA
AP

Montral

Boston
NS
AI
T
N
OU
New York
M
Philadelphia

Lake Erie

STATES

Paris

AST

Detroit
Chicago

BELGIUM
LUX.

TYE

Toronto

Brussels

Guernsey (U.K.)
Jersey (U.K.)

Gulf of
St. Lawrence

Lake
Michigan

UNITED

Celtic
Sea

Berlin
GERMANY
Prague
Luxembourg CZECH REP.

Yekaterinburg

Minsk

VA

Death Valley
(lowest point in
North America, -86 m)

Minneapolis

London

NETH.

POLAND
Warsaw

Hamburg

Amsterdam

KINGDOM

NINE

Island of
Newfoundland

Isle of
Man (U.K.)

URA

Dublin
IRELAND

Lake
Winnipeg

Vilnius

RUSSIA

R U S S I A

Nizhniy
Novgorod

RIF
T

San Francisco

Belfast

St. Petersburg

Tallinn EST.
Baltic
LAT.
Sea Riga
LITH.

North
DENMARK
Sea Copenhagen

UNITED

Edmonton

Lake
Huron
Ottawa

Helsinki

Stockholm

Labrador
Sea

Lake
Superior

FINLAND

Gulf
of
Bothnia

(DEN.)

Trshavn

Rockall

CANADA

MOUNTAINS

PACIFIC

Faroe
Islands

Reykjavk

White Sea

SWEDEN

(U.K.)

NORTH

Nuuk (Godthb)

NORWAY

ICELAND

Denmark
Strait

Oslo

Vancouver
Seattle

Wrangel
Island

East Siberian Sea

GRE
AT

ROCK

DS

LAN
N IS

TIA
ALEU

ARCHIPEL DES TUAMOTU


(Fr. Poly.)

NEW SIBERIAN ISLANDS

Laptev Sea

Barents Sea

Hudson
Bay

Gulf of Alaska

(N.Z.)

Kara Sea

(DENMARK)

Davis
Strait

60

K I R I B A T I

ARCTIC OCEAN

Arctic Circle (6633')

Great
Slave Lake

Whitehorse

Kiritimati
(Christmas Island)
(KIRIBATI)

180

SEVERNAYA
ZEMLYA

NOVAYA
ZEMLYA

(NORWAY)

Greenland

Baffin
Island

Great
Bear Lake

Anchorage

Johnston Atoll

Svalbard

150

120

Arctic Circle (6633')

Mt. McKinley
(highest point in North America, 6194 m)

(U.S.)

90

Longyearbyen

Baffin
Bay

Victoria
Island

U. S.

OCEAN

60

FRANZ JOSEF
LAND

Greenland Sea

ISLANDS

Barrow

30

ARCTIC OCEAN
QUEEN ELIZABETH

Beaufort Sea

Sicily / AZORES

Macquarie
Island
(AUSTL.)

South Georgia and the


South Sandwich Islands
(administered by U.K.,
claimed by ARGENTINA)

BOUNTY ISLANDS
(N.Z.)
ANTIPODES ISLANDS
(N.Z.)

Campbell
Island
(N.Z.)

60
SOUTH ORKNEY
ISLANDS

SOUTHERN OCEAN
SOUTHERN OCEAN

SOUTHERN OCEAN

Antarctic Circle (6633')


Amery Ice
Shelf

Bellingshausen Sea

Weddell Sea

Amundsen Sea

Ross Sea

Ross Sea
+
Vinson Massif
(highest point in Antarctica, 4897 m)

Ross
Ice Shelf
150

120

A n t a r c t i c a*

Ronne Ice Shelf

Ross Ice Shelf


90

60

30

30

60

90

120

150

180

April 2006
*Twenty-one of 28 Antarctic consultative
nations have made no claims to Antarctic
territory (although Russia and the United
States have reserved the right to do so) and
they do not recognize the claims of the other
nations.

Boundary representation is not necessarily authoritative.

803243AI (R00349) 4-06

Political Map of the World, April 2006


Independent state

AUSTRALIA
Bermuda

Dependency or area of special sovereignty


Island / island group

150

Capital

90

120

30

60

ARCTIC OCEAN

Scale 1:35,000,000
Robinson Projection
standard parallels 38N and 38S

Ellesmere
Island

Qaanaaq
(Thule)

Kaujuitoq

Barrow

Victoria
Island

NEW SIBERIAN ISLANDS

Laptev Sea

Barents Sea

Greenland

Baffin
Bay

(Resolute)

ARCTIC OCEAN

Kara Sea

NOVAYA
ZEMLYA

(NORWAY)

180

SEVERNAYA
ZEMLYA

Longyearbyen
Svalbard

150

120

FRANZ JOSEF
LAND

Greenland Sea

ISLANDS

Banks
Island

90

60

ARCTIC OCEAN
QUEEN ELIZABETH

Beaufort Sea

30

Tiksi

Norwegian
Sea

Jan Mayen

Baffin
Island

(NORWAY)

Chukchi

Noril'sk

Murmansk

Arctic Circle (6633')

Great
Slave Lake

Whitehorse

Gulf of Alaska

Churchill

Juneau

Bergen

Stockholm

Happy ValleyGoose Bay

Edmonton

DS

LAN
N IS

Lake
Winnipeg

Island of
Newfoundland

Calgary
Winnipeg

Vancouver

Minneapolis

Portland

Lake
Michigan

PACIFIC

UNITED

Montral

Bay of
Biscay

St. Pierre
and Miquelon

Halifax

Bilbao

NORTH

Washington, D.C.

AZORES
(PORT.)

ATLANTIC

Dallas

Bermuda

El Paso

Guadalajara

Mexico

(U.S.)

ISLAS
REVILLAGIGEDO
(MEXICO)

Johnston Atoll

LIBYA

Cancn

Veracruz

Oaxaca

Acapulco

(U.K.)

Western
Sahara

BELIZE
Belmopan

COSTA
RICA

(FRANCE)

Kingman Reef (U.S.)

DOMINICAN

(U.S.)

Aswan

Aruba

COLOMBIA

Georgetown
Paramaribo
GUYANA
French Guiana
(FRANCE)
SURINAME Cayenne

SENEGAL

GALAPAGOS
ISLANDS

(U.S.)

(ECUADOR)

(BRAZIL)

ECUADOR

Belm

Guayaquil

SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE

Equator

Annobon

LES MARQUISES
(Fr. Poly.)

Trujillo

PERU

Ascension

(Fr. Poly.)

Papeete

Goinia

BOLIVIA

Arequipa

F r e n c h

Belo
Horizonte

Sucre

P o l y n e s i a

Martin Vaz
Trindade

(FRANCE)

(BRAZIL)

Tropic of Capricorn

PARAGUAY

(2327')

Adamstown

Asuncin

Pitcairn Islands
(U.K.)

Isla San Felx


(CHILE)

Isla Sala y Gmez


(CHILE)

Easter Island
(CHILE)

San Miguel
de Tucumn

Isla San Ambrosio


(CHILE)

TANZANIA

Santiago

ARCHIPILAGO
JUAN FERNNDEZ
(CHILE)
Concepcin

(U.S.)

Cebu

Koror

PALAU
Celebes Sea

Tarawa

Diego
Garcia

Makassar

Java Sea

INDIAN

Arafura
Sea

Ashmore and
Cartier Islands

Darwin
Gulf of
Carpentaria

(AUSTL.)

OCEAN
SaintDenis

Port
Louis
MAURITIUS

Coral Sea
Islands

Port-Vila

FIJI

American
Samoa

Suva

Niue
(N.Z.)

(U.S.)

(AUSTL.)

New
Caledonia
(FRANCE)

Reunion

Nuku'alofa

TONGA

Noumea

Tropic of Capricorn (2327')


Alice Springs

Johannesburg

Maputo

A U S T R A L I A

Mbabane
SWAZILAND

SOUTH
PACIFIC

Norfolk
Island

Brisbane

LESOTHO
SOUTH Maseru

(AUSTL.)

30

Durban
Perth

OCEAN

Lord Howe
Island

KERMADEC
ISLANDS
(N.Z.)

(AUSTL.)

Cape
Town

Buenos Aires
Montevideo

Adelaide

Port Elizabeth

ARGENTINA

Great Australian
Bight

le Amsterdam
TRISTAN DA CUNHA (St. Helena)

le Saint-Paul

Canberra

Sydney
Auckland

Melbourne

NEW
ZEALAND

Tasman Sea

Gough Island

Puerto Montt

(St. Helena)

Tasmania

Wellington

Hobart

French Southern and Antarctic Lands

Christchurch

(FRANCE)

Comodoro
Rivadavia

CHATHAM ISLANDS
(N.Z.)
PRINCE EDWARD
ISLANDS
(SOUTH AFRICA)

Falkland Islands
(Islas Malvinas)
(administered by U.K.,
claimed by ARGENTINA)

LES CROZET
(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)

SNARES ISLANDS
(N.Z.)

Stanley

Heard Island and


McDonald Islands
(AUSTL.)

Bouvet Island
(NORWAY)

Scotia Sea
Drake
Passage

AUCKLAND
ISLANDS
(N.Z.)

LES KERGUELEN
(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)

Punta Arenas

Antarctic Circle (6633')

SAMOA
Apia
Mata-Utu
(FRANCE)
Pago Pago

VANUATU

URUGUAY

60

Tokelau
(N.Z.)

Wallis and
Futuna

Coral
Sea
Re
ef

(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)

OCEAN

Funafuti

TUVALU

Honiara

Cairns

(FRANCE)

Europa Island

Timor
Sea

Howland Island (U.S.)


Baker Island (U.S.)
0

K I R I B A T I

SOLOMON
ISLANDS

Port
Moresby

(FRANCE)

Antananarivo

MADAGASCAR

PAPUA
NEW GUINEA

Dili

(AUSTL.)

(AUSTL.)

Banda Sea

Semarang
Surabaya

Christmas Island
Cocos
(Keeling) Islands

Tromelin Island

Mozambique
Channel
(FRANCE)

BOTSWANA

N
Bandung

(FRANCE)

(administered by FRANCE,
claimed by COMOROS)

MOZAMBIQUE
Beira

Yaren NAURU
District

(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)

PACIFIC

Majuro

Palikir

Equator

Jakarta

Glorioso Islands

Juan de Nova
Island (FR.)

AFRICA

La Plata

MARSHALL
ISLANDS

FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA

BRUNEI

Kuala
Lumpur
M A L A Y
Singapore
SINGAPORE

(U.K.)

Mayotte

MALAWI

Pretoria

Baha Blanca

SOUTH

Hagta

SPRATLY
ISLANDS

Gaborone

Crdoba
Rosario

Ho Chi Minh City

(FRANCE)

Prto
Alegre

Mendoza

PHILIPPINES

Davao

British Indian
Ocean Territory

SEYCHELLES
Moroni

Bassas
da India

Curitiba

Saipan

Guam

EAST
TIMOR

Lilongwe

ZIMBABWE

(U.K.)

CHILE

Victoria

Dar es Salaam

Lake
Nyasa

NAMIBIA
Windhoek

(U.S.)

Bandar Seri
Begawan
Medan

(U.S.)

Manila

South China
Sea

NICOBAR
ISLANDS
(INDIA)

SRI
LANKA

Sea

Palembang

Mombasa

Dodoma

Harare

Walvis Bay

Colombo

Nairobi

Lusaka

OCEAN

Andaman
Sea

(INDIA)

COMOROS

St. Helena

30

LAKSHADWEEP

Phnom Penh
Gulf of
Thailand

Wake Island
Northern
Mariana
Islands

PARACEL
ISLANDS

CAMBODIA

Mogadishu

BURUNDI

Lake
Tanganyika

(St. Helena)

Rio de Janeiro
So Paulo

Antofagasta

LES TUBUAI
(Fr. Poly.)

(BRAZIL)

ANDAMAN
ISLANDS
(INDIA)

Chennai
(Madras)

Tropic of Cancer (2327')

Philippine

Hainan
Dao

VIETNAM

Bangkok

KENYA

Lake
Victoria
Bujumbura

OF THE CONGO

Kinshasa

ATLANTIC

Santa Cruz

Bengal

(JAPAN)

Hong Kong
Luzon Strait
Macau S.A.R.
S.A.R.

Hue

THAILAND

(U.S.)

Marcus Island

Pontianak

Namibe

St. Helena

Rangoon

MALDIVES

ZAMBIA

SOUTH

Braslia

La Paz

Chiang
Mai

Gulf of

Vientiane Tonkin

Barrier

SOCIETY
ISLANDS

Lago
Titicaca

ARCHIPEL DES TUAMOTU


(Fr. Poly.)

Nanning

LAOS

Midway
Islands

Taiwan

Hanoi

Pyinmana

Bangalore

Guangzhou

Male

Kampala

Taipei

Mandalay

BURMA

- Hyderabad

Laccadive
Sea

UGANDA

Okinawa

30

t
Grea

(N.Z.)

Pune

SOMALIA

ANGOLA

Cook Islands

(YEMEN)

East China
Sea

Nanchang

Changsha
Guiyang

INDIA

Berbera

Juba

Lubumbashi

Salvador

Nagpur

Arabian
Sea

Socotra

Djibouti

RWANDA Kigali

Macei

Cusco

Gulf of Aden

Luanda

Lima

Kolkata Dhaka
(Calcutta)

- Ahmadabad

Bay of

Aden
DJIBOUTI

Thimphu

Hangzhou

Kunming

Sanaa

Asmara

Chongqing

DEMOCRATIC

(Cabinda)

(St. Helena)

BRAZIL

Muscat

ETHIOPIA

REPUBLIC
ANGOLA

Natal

Recife

UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES

Shanghai

Wuhan

BANGLADESH

YEMEN

Addis
Ababa

Brazzaville

Fortaleza

Kathmandu

Kanpur

OMAN

ERITREA

Khartoum

Kisangani

(EQUA. GUI.)

(BRAZIL)

Teresina

K I R I B A T I

CHAD

Libreville REP. OF
THE
GABON
CONGO

So Tome

ARQUIPLAGO DE
FERNANDO DE NORONHA

So Lus

Manaus

Iquitos

Omdurman

Niamey

SO PEDRO E SO PAULO

Quito

ARABIA

Lucknow

Karachi

Mumbai
(Bombay)

SUDAN

TRINIDAD AND
TOBAGO

VENEZUELA

NIGER

Banjul
BURKINA
Bamako
FASO
THE GAMBIA
Kano
Ouagadougou
Bissau
N'Djamena
GUINEA
GUINEA-BISSAU
BENIN
NIGERIA
Conakry
Abuja
CTE
TOGO
Freetown
Ogbomoso
D'IVOIRE GHANA
SIERRA
Ibadan
Yamoussoukro
CENTRAL
LEONE
Lagos
Lom
AFRICAN REPUBLIC
Accra
Monrovia
PortoAbidjan
CAMEROON
LIBERIA
Novo
Bangui
Douala
Malabo
Yaound
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
PENEDOS DE
Gulf of Guinea

Port-of-Spain

Bogot
Cali

Praia

Jiddah
Mecca

Abu
Dhabi

Lhasa
BHUTAN

NEPAL

Jaipur

OMAN

MALI
Tombouctou

Dakar

Martinique (FR.)
ST. VINCENT AND ST. LUCIA
THE GRENADINES
BARBADOS
Neth. Antilles
(NETH.)
GRENADA

Caracas

Medelln
Isla de
Malpelo

Equator

QATAR

New
Delhi

PAKISTAN

Persian
Gulf

Yokohama

Fukuoka

Chengdu

Shiraz

Port Sudan

CAPE VERDE

DOMINICA

Maracaibo

Panama
PANAMA

MAURITANIA

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA


Guadeloupe (FR.)

(U.K.)

(NETH.)

Barranquilla
San Jos Cartagena
Colon

Nouakchott

ST. KITTS AND NEVIS

(U.S.)
Montserrat

Caribbean Sea

Isla del Coco


(COSTA RICA)

Palmyra Atoll (U.S.)

British Virgin
Islands
(U.K.)
Anguilla (U.K.)

BAHRAIN

Manama
Doha
Riyadh

Red
Sea

Port-au- REPUBLIC
Prince
JAMAICA
Kingston Navassa HAITI Santo Puerto
Domingo Rico
Island

GUATEMALA HONDURAS
Tegucigalpa
Guatemala
San Salvador
NICARAGUA
EL SALVADOR
Managua

Jarvis
Island

EGYPT

(U.K.)

CUBA
Cayman Is.

Clipperton Island

SAUDI

Turks and
Caicos Islands

Puebla

(U.S.)

ALGERIA

KUWAIT

Kuwait

Xi'an
Nanjing

Lahore
Quetta

Al Jizah

Tokyo
Nagoya
Osaka

Pusan

Mrida

Al Basrah

JORDAN

Cairo

Kandahar

IRAN

PACIFIC
OCEAN

JAPAN

OT

Len

Baghdad

Tel Aviv-Yafo
ISRAEL
Alexandria
Jerusalem Amman

- Banghazi

Yellow
Sea

Qingdao

Zhengzhou

CHINA

Line of
Actual
Control

AFGHANISTAN Islamabad

Esfahan

Seoul
SOUTH
KOREA

Jinan

Lanzhou

Indian
claim

NORTH

Sea of
Japan

NORTH KOREA
Pyongyang

Tianjin

Taiyuan

1972
Line of Control

Kabul

IRAQ

Damascus

Beirut

Mashhad

Tehran

Beijing

N)
PA

MEXICO

HAWAIIAN
ISLANDS

Tripoli

SYRIA

LEB.

CYPRUS

(GR.)

Havana

Mazatln

Honolulu

Mediterranean Sea

Laayoune
(El Aain)

THE
BAHAMAS
Nassau

Aleppo

Nicosia
Crete

Mosul
Kirkuk

Baotou

Kashi
Dushanbe
TAJIKISTAN

Ashgabat

Tabriz

Shenyang

Bishkek
KYRGYZSTAN

Tashkent

TURKMENISTAN

Occupied by the SOVIET UNION in 1945,


administered by RUSSIA, claimed by JAPAN

Sapporo

H
- S

Tropic of Cancer (2327')

Matamoros

Tunis MALTA
Valletta
TUNISIA

Baku

Adana

(IT.)

Rabat

CANARY ISLANDS
(SP.)

Yerevan

Vladivostok

rmqi

(JA

Monterrey

Konya

UZBEKISTAN

ARMENIA AZERBAIJAN

TURKEY

Athens

MOROCCO

San Antonio

Gulf of Mexico

Palermo

Marrakech

Jacksonville

Miami

Izmir

GREECE

(IT.)

Caspian
Sea

Harbin
Changchun

Almaty

Ankara

KURIL
ISLANDS

MONGOLIA

Aral
Sea

GEORGIA

Khabarovsk

Ulaanbaatar

Lake Balkhash

PO

Houston

Sardinia

Rostov
Sea of
Azov

Tbilisi

Bursa

KAZAKHSTAN

Atyrau
(Atyrau)

Volgograd

Istanbul

MACEDONIA

(U.S.)

Sakhalin

Ciudad Jurez
30

Algiers
Oran

(SP.)

(U.K.)

New
Orleans

Naples

BALEARIC
ISLANDS
(SP.)

Gibraltar(U.K.)

Casablanca

Tirana

Sicily

Melilla
MADEIRA
ISLANDS
(PORT.)

BULGARIA

Skopje

ALB.

Astana

Kharkiv

Black Sea

Sofia

ALEUTIAN ISLANDS
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy

Irkutsk
Qaraghandy
(Karaganda)

UKRAINE

SLOVAKIA

Sea of
Okhotsk

Barnaul

Saratov

Kiev

L'viv

Lake
Baikal

Novosibirsk

Omsk

Samara
Voronezh

SER.&
MONT.

Krasnoyarsk

Chelyabinsk

NA

San Diego
Tijuana
Mexicali

Kiritimati
(Christmas Island)
(KIRIBATI)

SPAIN

Barcelona
Valencia

Rome

Sevilla

OCEAN

Atlanta

Phoenix

VATICAN
CITY

(FR.)

Madrid

Ceuta (SP.)

Los Angeles

Corsica

ANDORRA

PORTUGAL
Lisbon

Minsk

Bratislava
MOLDOVA
Donets'k
Budapest
Chisinau
HUNGARY
Bern Ljubljana
ROMANIA
Odesa
SLOVENIA
Milan Zagreb CROATIA Belgrade
Bucharest
SAN

ITALY Sarajevo

Yekaterinburg
Kazan'
Ufa

AUSTRIA

BOS. & HER.

60

Bering Sea

Perm'

BELARUS

Krakw

Prague

Turin MARINO

Marseille

Moscow


Lodz

CZECH REP.

Nizhniy
Novgorod

Yaroslavl'

Vienna

LIECH.

MONACO

Baltimore

STATES

Munich

SWITZ.

Lyon
Bordeaux

(FRANCE)

Boston

Columbus

St. Louis
San Francisco

Lille

BELGIUM
LUX.

Paris

New York
Philadelphia

Indianapolis

Denver

GERMANY
Luxembourg

Brussels

Guernsey (U.K.)
Jersey (U.K.)

Lake Erie

Cleveland

Cologne Berlin

FRANCE

Lake Ontario

Detroit

Chicago

Salt Lake City

OCEAN

Toronto

NETH.

POLAND
Warsaw

Hamburg

Amsterdam

KINGDOM

Qubec

Lake
Huron
Ottawa

Milwaukee

NORTH

Isle of
Man (U.K.)

London
Celtic
Sea

Vilnius

RUSSIA

Manchester

Gulf of
St. Lawrence

Lake
Superior

Seattle

Glasgow
Belfast

Dublin
IRELAND

Baltic
Riga LAT.
Sea
LITH.

North
DENMARK
Sea Copenhagen

UNITED

Labrador
Sea

Magadan
St. Petersburg

Tallinn EST.

(U.K.)

Yakutsk

Helsinki

Rockall

CANADA
TIA
ALEU

Oslo

R U S S I A

FINLAND

Gulf
of
Bothnia

(DEN.)

Trshavn

Hudson
Bay

60

Faroe
Islands

Reykjavk

Arkhangel'sk

Anchorage

Nuuk (Godthb)

Anadyr'

White Sea

SWEDEN

Yellowknife

NORWAY

ICELAND

Denmark
Strait

IS
L A N
D S
AN
)

Davis
Strait

Iqaluit
(Frobisher Bay)

AP

Great
Bear Lake

Fairbanks

U. S.

Sea

Cherskiy

Arctic Circle (6633')


Nome

Wrangel
Island

East Siberian Sea

(DENMARK)

(J

Sicily / AZORES

Macquarie
Island
(AUSTL.)

South Georgia and the


South Sandwich Islands
(administered by U.K.,
claimed by ARGENTINA)

BOUNTY ISLANDS
(N.Z.)
ANTIPODES ISLANDS
(N.Z.)

Campbell
Island
(N.Z.)

60
SOUTH ORKNEY
ISLANDS

SOUTHERN OCEAN

SOUTHERN OCEAN

SOUTHERN OCEAN

Antarctic Circle (6633')


Amery Ice
Shelf

Bellingshausen Sea

Weddell Sea

Amundsen Sea

Ross Sea

Ross Sea
Ronne Ice Shelf

A n t a r c t i c a*

Ross
Ice Shelf

Ross Ice Shelf


150

120

90

60

30

30

60

90

120

150

180

April 2006
*Twenty-one of 28 Antarctic consultative
nations have made no claims to Antarctic
territory (although Russia and the United
States have reserved the right to do so) and
they do not recognize the claims of the other
nations.

Boundary representation is not necessarily authoritative.

803242AI (R00349) 4-06

STANDARD TIME ZONES OF THE WORLD


150

135

120

105

90

75

60

45

30

15

15

30

45

60

75

90

105

120

135

150

165

-10

-9

-8

-7

-6

-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

+1

+2

+3

+4

+5

+6

+7

+8

+9

+10

+11

OCEAN

Svalbard
FRANZ JOSEF
LAND

Qaanaaq
(Thule)

Laptev Sea

Greenland
Itseqqortoomiit
(Scoresbysund)

Wrangel
Island

(NORWAY)

11
0

ICELAND

SWEDEN

Anchorage

C A N A D A

Labrador
Sea
IRELAND
Island of
Newfoundland

Winnipeg

NETH.
BEL.

UNITED STATES

PACIFIC

OCEAN

BOS.& SER. &


HER.
MONT.

Bermuda
(U.K.)

MACE.

OCEAN

(PORT.)

Casablanca

Gulf of
Mexico

THE
BAHAMAS

MEXICO

U.S.

10

BELIZE
GUATEMALA
EL SALVADOR

Red
Sea

CAPE VERDE

JAMAICA

HONDURAS

Caribbean Sea

GUINEA-BISSAU

TRINIDAD AND
TOBAGO

PANAMA

0
GUINEA

GUYANA

LIBERIA

French Guiana
(FRANCE)

SURINAME

COLOMBIA

GHANA

LAN
E IS

GALAPAGOS
ISLANDS

ECUADOR

Manaus

(EQ. GUI.)

DS

(ECUADOR)

(French Polynesia)
9

10

Cook Islands
(N.Z.)

PERU

SOUTH

BOLIVIA

French Polynesia

(St. Helena)

(FRANCE)

NAMIBIA
Pitcairn Islands

PARAGUAY

(U.K.)

So Paulo

ATLANTIC
OCEAN

30
ARCHIPILAGO
JUAN FERNNDEZ
(CHILE)

(INDIA)

MALDIVES

South China
Sea

NICOBAR
ISLANDS

10

PHILIPPINES

FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA

12
NAURU

I N D O N E S I A

PAPUA
NEW GUINEA

KIRIBATI
(GILBERT
ISLANDS)

K I R I B A T I
RAWAKI
(PHOENIX
ISLANDS)

SOLOMON
ISLANDS

12

EAST
TIMOR

10

TUVALU

(AUSTL.)

SAMOA

Coral
Coral Sea Sea

MAURITIUS

15
FIJI

VANUATU

TONGA
13

Islands
(AUSTL.)

INDIAN

Reunion
(FRANCE)

Alice Springs

(FRANCE)

AUSTRALIA

OCEAN

New
Caledonia
Norfolk Island
(AUSTL.)

11

SWAZILAND
LESOTHO

KERMADEC
ISLANDS

Perth

(N.Z.)

Lord Howe
Island
(AUSTL.)

10

Great Australian
Bight

Tasman
Sea

Gough Island
(St. Helena)

French Southern and Antarctic Lands

Tasmania

NEW
ZEALAND

(FRANCE)

Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)

1000 Kilometers
1000 Miles

South Georgia and the


South Sandwich Islands
(administered by U.K.
claimed by ARGENTINA)

Boundary representation is not necessarily authoritative.

Sun
1:00

2:00

3:00

4:00

5:00

6:00

7:00

8:00

-11

-10

-9

-8

-7

-6

-5

-4

PRINCE EDWARD
ISLANDS
(SOUTH AFRICA)

formerly
Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)

Falkland Islands
(Islas Malvinas)
(administered by U.K.
claimed by ARGENTINA)

CHATHAM
ISLANDS

LES CROZET

9:00

10:00

11:00

-3

-2

-1

Add time zone number to local time to obtain UTC.


Subtract time zone number from UTC to obtain local time.

0
WEST

EAST

30

45

(N.Z.)

(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)

12

LES KERGUELEN
(Fr. S. and Ant. Lands)

Sun
12:00

(number indicates standard time


in zone when it is 12 noon, UTC)

Tokelau
(N.Z.)

Cocos
(Keeling) Islands

MALAWI

Miller Cylindrical Projection

500

MARSHALL
ISLANDS

11

(St. Helena)

45

15

(U.S.)

PALAU

TRISTAN DA CUNHA

CHILE

10

add 24 hours
Guam

MALAYSIA

British Indian
Ocean Territory
(U.K.)

Johnston
Atoll

Westward across Date Line

(U.S.)

Sydney

Scale 1:85,000,000 at 0

30

(U.S.)

Northern
Mariana
Islands

Buenos Aires

500

45

subtract 24 hours

Philippine
Sea

URUGUAY

ARGENTINA

DS

AP
(J

SINGAPORE

I S L AN

Eastward across Date Line

BRUNEI

KENYA

MOZAMBIQUE
ZIMBABWE
Mozambique
Channel
MADAGASCAR
BOTSWANA

SOUTH
AFRICA

Manila

VIETNAM
CAMBODIA

SRI
LANKA

COMOROS

(U.K.)

LAOS

THAILAND

(INDIA)

LAKSHADWEEP

St. Helena

Easter Island
(CHILE)

(YEMEN)

DJIBOUTI

SEYCHELLES

St. Helena

SOUTH

Bay of
Bengal
ANDAMAN
ISLANDS

TANZANIA

ZAMBIA

OCEAN

Arabian
Sea

Mumbai
(Bombay)

Hong Kong S.A.R.


Macau S.A.R.

BURUNDI

ANGOLA

Brasilia

BURMA
6

INDIA

OMAN

YEMEN

RY

Nairobi

Ascension (St. Helena)

BRAZIL

Lima

PACIFIC

RWANDA

Kinshasa

BANGLADESH

Kolkata(Calcutta)

SOMALIA

DEM. REP.
OF THE CONGO

Annobon

QATAR
UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES

OCEAN

BHUTAN

PACIFIC

JAPAN
Tokyo

Shanghai

(INDIA)

Kisangani UGANDA
REP. OF
THE
GABON
CONGO

NEPAL

PAKISTAN

Socotra

CAMEROON

SAO TOME
AND PRINCIPE

Persian
Gulf

ETHIOPIA

CENTRAL
AFRICAN REPUBLIC

Gulf of Guinea

12
LES MARQUISES

NIGERIA
Lagos

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

LIN

KIRIBATI

SUDAN
2

BENIN
TOGO

SAUDI
ARABIA
3

ERITREA

CHAD

BURKINA
FASO

CTE
D'IVOIRE

SIERRA LEONE

VENEZUELA

NIGER

MALI

SENEGAL
THE GAMBIA

NICARAGUA
COSTA
RICA

KUWAIT

BAHRAIN

MAURITANIA

HAITI DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC

UT I A N

occupied by the SOVIET UNION in 1945,


administered by RUSSIA, claimed by JAPAN

Sea of
Japan

SOUTH
KOREA

CHINA

AFGHANISTAN

A LE

NORTH

NORTH
KOREA

TAJIKISTAN

EGYPT

Western
Sahara

Beijing

IRAN

IRAQ
JORDAN

IL

10

U.S.

PetropavlovskKamchatskiy

DS
AN
SL

KYRGYZSTAN

Tehran

CUBA

Mexico

15

LIBYA

UZBEKISTAN
TURKMENISTAN

SYRIA

LEB.
ISRAEL

Cairo

(SPAIN)

ALGERIA

ARMENIA

CYPRUS

MOROCCO

CANARY ISLANDS

30

Caspian
Sea
AZERBAIJAN

GEORGIA

TURKEY

Mediterranean Sea

TUNISIA

R
KU

MONGOLIA
Vladivostok

.
Istanbul

MALTA
MADEIRA
ISLANDS

10

Aral
Sea

Black Sea

BULGARIA

KAZAKHSTAN

MOLDOVA

GREECE

ATLANTIC

ROMANIA

CRO.

SPAIN

(PORT.)

Sea
of
Okhotsk

Lake Baikal

UKRAINE

SLOV.

ALB.

PORTUGAL

AZORES

Dallas

Los Angeles

SLO.

ITALY

NORTH

Novosibirsk

Astana

HUNG.

SWITZ.

(FRANCE)

New York

Denver

CZ. REP.

60

Bering Sea

Sakhalin
AUS.

FRANCE

9
Magadan

Omsk
Samara

10

Moscow

LITH.

Yakutsk

Perm'

POLAND

GERMANY

Paris

St. Pierre
and Miquelon

Toronto
Chicago

RUS.

LUX.

Qubec
45

DENMARK

4
Izhevsk

BELARUS

KINGDOM
London

NORTH

LAT.

North
Sea

UNITED

St. Petersburg
EST.

15

FINLAND

Hudson
Bay

Edmonton

HAWAIIAN
ISLANDS

R U S S I A

NORWAY

60

12

International Date Line

Nuuk (Godthb)

Denmark
Strait

ND

Davis
Strait

Iqaluit
(Frobisher Bay)

LA

Dawson

Chukchi
Sea

Norwegian
Sea

Repulse Bay

East Siberian Sea

Jan Mayen

U.S.

NOVAYA
ZEMLYA

NEW SIBERIAN ISLANDS

Beaufort Sea

OCEAN

75

Barents Sea

(DENMARK)

Baffin
Bay

-11

International Date Line

75

-12

Kara Sea

Greenland Sea

IS

ARCTIC

SEVERNAYA
ZEMLYA

(NORWAY)

ARCTIC

180

+12

-11

AN

165

13:00

14:00

15:00

16:00

17:00

18:00

19:00

20:00

21:00

22:00

23:00

Sun
24:00

Sun
00:00

Sun
1:00

+1

+2

+3

+4

+5

+6

+7

+8

+9

+10

+11

+12

-12

-11

Subtract time zone number from local time to obtain UTC.


Add time zone number to UTC to obtain local time.

803248AI (R02183) 4-06

ARCTIC REGION
180

150

50

North Pacific

LE

A
TI

IS

N
LA

DS

R
KU

PetropavlovskKamchatskiy

DS
150
AN
IS L
IL
occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945,
administered by Russia, claimed by Japan.

JAPAN

Bering Sea
Sakhalin

Ocean

Sea of
Okhotsk
Kodiak

Provideniya
Bering
Strait

Anchorage

Riv
er

Fairbanks

Chukchi
Sea

Yuk
on

Whitehorse
Dawson

Yakutsk

Great Slave
Lake

na
Le

NEW
SIBERIAN
ISLANDS

Laptev
Sea

Arctic
Ocean

QUEEN

Kangiqcliniq
(Rankin Inlet)

10C (50F) isotherm,


July
SEVERNAYA
ZEMLYA

ELIZABETH

Kaujuitoq
(Resolute)

North
Pole

ISLANDS

Noril'sk

Ellesmere
Island

Repulse Bay

Hudson
Bay

Qaanaaq
(Thule)

80

Nord

Svalbard
(NORWAY)

Longyearbyen

Greenland

Davis Strait

Kangerlussuaq
(Sndre Strmfjord)
Paamiut
(Frederikshb)

Greenland
Sea

Itseqqortoormiit
(Scoresbysund)

Murmansk
S

ev

Arctic

Trshavn

FINLAND
SWEDEN

Faroe
Islands
(DENMARK)

Scale 1:39,000,000

Oslo

SHETLAND
ISLANDS

Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection


500 Miles

30

Belfast
IRE.

Dublin

U.K. 0

Helsinki

Lake
Ladoga
St. Petersburg

Samara
Nizhniy
Novgorod

Moscow Saratov

Tallinn EST.

Stockholm

North
Sea

Copenhagen
DENMARK

Berlin
GERMANY

Riga
Vilnius Minsk
LITH.
Baltic
Sea RUS.
BELARUS

Kharkiv
Dnieper

Warsaw
POLAND

KAZ.

50
Don

LATVIA

500 Kilometers

The Arctic region is often defined as that area where the


average temperature for the warmest month is below 10C.

Kazan'

Circle

Volga

North Atlantic Ocean

e r n aya Dvina

Lake
Onega

NORWAY

60

Perm'

Arkhangel'sk

Norwegian
Sea

Reykjavk

Pechor
a

Troms

(NORWAY)

Denmark Strait

Irty
sh

(NORWAY)

ICELAND

Ob'

70

Bjrnya

Jan Mayen

Tasiilaq
(Ammassalik)
Narsarsuaq

Labrador
Sea

NOVAYA
ZEMLYA

Barents Sea

(DENMARK)

Nuuk
(Godthb)

Kara
Sea

FRANZ
JOSEF
LAND

Baffin
Bay

Iqaluit
(Frobisher Bay)

90 E

Yenisey

Dikson

Alert

Baffin
Island

60

RUSSIA

Ob
'

90 W

80

Victoria
Island

CANADA

Len
a

Tiksi

Banks
Island

Cambridge
Bay

120

Verkhoyansk

Beaufort
Sea

Yellowknife
Lake
Athabasca

CHINA

Aldan

Vy
ch
eg
da

Echo Bay

Oymyakon

y
lyu
Vi

R iver

Inuvik
Great Bear
Lake

Okhotsk

Cherskiy

East
Siberian
Sea

Barrow average minimum


Prudhoe
extent of sea ice
Bay

River

zie

Wrangel
Island

lym
Ko

Circle

Sukh
ona
60

Macken

Hay
River

Pevek

70

Watson
Lake

Pea
ce

Arctic

UNITED STATES

Juneau

120

Nome

Valdez

Magadan

Anadyr'

Kam
a

Gulf of
Alaska

Khabarovsk
Amur

Bethel 60

Kiev

Volgograd

Rostov

UKRAINE
30

Black Sea

802916AI (R02112) 6-02

NORTH AMERICA
80

180

160

120 100

140

80

60

20

40

RUSSIA

80

le

(NORWAY)

Arctic Ocean

Pevek

Circ

Cherskiy

Jan Mayen

Alert

Arc
tic

160

Greenland Sea

Nord

East
Siberian
Sea

Itseqqortoormiit
(Scoresbysund)

Ellesmere
Island

Anadyr'

Chukchi
Sea

180

Provideniya

BR

Nome

Prudhoe
Bay

KS
RA

Arctic

C A N A D A

e
Slav er
Riv

Hay River

Y
C K
R O

Peac
e

Lake
Athabasca

a
rado
Colo

(lowest point in
North America, -86 m)

Los Angeles
San Diego
Tijuana
Mexicali

S T A T E S

Phoenix

de
an
Gr

MA
E
DR

CI

D
EN

MEXICO

300

600 Miles

SI

ISLAS
REVILLAGIGEDO
(MEXICO)

Ocean
THE BAHAMAS
Nassau

ER

RA

MA
DR
E

LS
UR

Belmopan

Oaxaca

HONDURAS

Acapulco

Guatemala
GUATEMALA
100

Port-auPrince

JAMAICA

BELIZE

Puebla
DE

HAITI

Kingston

Cancn
Mrida

Baha de
Campeche
Veracruz

Mexico

Havana

CUBA

Tampico

Len

Boundary representation is
not necessarily authoritative.
120

Gulf of Mexico
Matamoros

L
TA

600 Kilometers

Charleston

Miami

Torren

OC

300

Atlanta

Jacksonville

Monterrey

Guadalajara

Scale: 1:38,700,000

(U.K.)

Atlantic

New Orleans
San Houston
Antonio

o
Ri

nia
ifor

RA

Cal

La Paz

Mazatln

Lambert Conformal Conic Projection,


standard parallels 37N and 65N

Bermuda

Chihuahua

S IE R

f
lf o
Gu

North

El Paso

Trop
ic
Cance

Memphis

Dallas

Hermosillo

of

River

Oklahoma City
Albuquerque

Ciudad
Jurez

20

Kansas City
r
ve
Ri

Ri
ve
r

Denver

Boston

Toronto
Hamilton Lake I N
Erie
New York
Detroit
Windsor
Philadelphia
Cleveland
Baltimore
Chicago
Pittsburgh
Washington, D.C.
Columbus
River
Indianapolis
Norfolk
St. Louis

Lake
Michigan
Milwaukee

U N I T E D
Arkan
sas

60

Lake
Ontario

i
Mi ss i ss i pp

Death Valley +

Las
Vegas

Lake Ottawa
Huron

ES
AD

SC

Minneapolis

r
Rive

CA

uri
Misso

ke
Sna

Rive
r

Sydney

Montral

Lake Superior

Salt Lake City

ADA
NEV

Sacramento
San Francisco

Great Salt
Lake

St. Pierre
and Miquelon
(FRANCE)

Fredericton
Halifax
Saint John

Qubec
Thunder
Bay

Winnipeg

R RA
S IE

Ocean

Charlottetown

Moosonee

Regina

i
mb
lu
Co

Gulf of
St. Lawrence

Lake
Winnipeg

Saskatoon

S
I N
T A
U N
M O

Pacific

Chisasibi
(Fort George)

Ne
lso
n

River

Seattle

40

er
Riv

Calgary

Vancouver

Victoria

Portland

ch
e
Edmonton wan

Island of
Newfoundland

St. John's

er
Riv
Sask
at

Happy ValleyGoose Bay

Churchill

Prince Rupert

North

Schefferville

Hudson Bay

River

Prince
George

Labrador Sea

Ivujivik

TA

Juneau

Kangiqcliniq
(Rankin Inlet)

Great Slave
Lake Yellowknife

Watson
Lake

UN

River

Whitehorse

Circle

Echo Bay

40

Iqaluit
(Frobisher Bay)

Repulse Bay

MO

er
Riv

ie
nz
cke
Ma

Great Bear
Lake

Paamiut
(Frederikshb)

HIAN

Dawson

Narsarsuaq

Davis
Strait

AC

on
Yuk

Valdez

Inuvik

AL

Fairbanks

E
NG
RA

(highest point in
North America,6194 m)
+
KA
AS
AL

Baffin
Island

Victoria
Island
Cambridge Bay

PP

Mt. McKinley

Kodiak
Gulf of
Alaska

140

Nuuk
(Godthb)

UNITED STATES

Anchorage

160

Kangerlussuaq
(Sndre Strmfjord)

Kaujuitoq
(Resolute)

Banks
Island

Bethel

NG

Denmark
Strait

Tasiilaq
(Ammassalik)

Baffin Bay

Beaufort
Sea

Reykjavk

(DENMARK)

Oh
io

Bering
Sea

20

Greenland

QUEEN ELIZABETH
ISLANDS

Barrow
Bering
Strait

60

Qaanaaq
(Thule)

ICELAND

Caribbean
Sea

Tegucigalpa

San Salvador
EL SALVADOR

NICARAGUA
Managua
80

802906AI (R02067) 6-02

UNITED STATES
Barrow

70

Chukchi
Sea

Prudhoe
Bay

Scale 1:360,000

Inuvik
0

RUSSIA
Anadyr'

Fairbanks

60

Bering
Strait

Provideniya

Nome

5 Kilometers

Arctic Circle

CANADA

Alaska

5 Miles

60

Whitehorse
Valdez

Anchorage
Bethel

Juneau

Bering
Sea

Washington, D.C.

Ketchikan

Gulf of Alaska

170

White House

Scale 1:37,000,000
AL

EU

N
I S LA

TIAN

DS

0
160

170

120

Virginia
(R02418)

100

110

Pentagon

(R02437)

ac River
River

130

400 Miles
140

150

U.S. Capitol

The Mall

400 Kilometers

ac
mm
ototo
PPo

180

90

Edmonton
50

50

C A N A D A
Vancouver
Regina
Seattle
Winnipeg

Olympia

Qubec

Washington
Maine

Montana
Salem

North Dakota

Helena

Oregon

Bismarck

South Dakota
Pierre

40

Sacramento

Nebraska

Cheyenne

Carson City

Salt Lake City

Nevada

Lincoln

Utah

San Francisco

Denver
Topeka

Colorado

California

Montpelier N.H.
Vt.
Concord
Boston
Albany
Mass.
Wisconsin
Providence
New York
Lansing
HartfordR.I.
Madison
Conn.
40
Detroit
New York
Pennsylvania
Chicago
Iowa
Philadelphia Trenton
New Jersey
Harrisburg
Dover
Des Moines
Ohio
Md.
Del.
Indiana
Illinois
Annapolis
Columbus West
Virginia
Washington, D.C.
Indianapolis
Springfield
Richmond
St. Louis
Charleston
70
Virginia
Frankfort
Jefferson City

St. Paul

Wyoming

Kansas
Las Vegas

Michigan

Missouri

Toronto

Kentucky

Raleigh

Nashville
Santa Fe

Los Angeles

Oklahoma City

Phoenix

North
Pacific
Ocean

New Mexico

Memphis

Arkansas

Mississippi Alabama
Montgomery
Jackson

Dallas

Austin
Hermosillo

New Orleans

Houston

Florida

MEXICO

THE BAHAMAS

Miami

Gulf of Mexico

Nassau

Monterrey

500 Miles

30

Tallahassee

Baton
Rouge

500 Kilometers

Georgia

Chihuahua

Albers Equal-Area Projection


standard parallels 2830'N and 4530'N

North
Atlantic
Ocean

South
Carolina

Louisiana

Texas

Columbia
Atlanta

Little Rock

Mexicali

State capital
Scale 1:27,000,000

North Carolina

Tennessee

Oklahoma

Arizona

Augusta

Minnesota

Idaho
Boise

Montral

Ottawa

100

90

80
(R02420)

170

Midway
Islands
(U.S.)

Scale 1:34,000,000
0

NO

HW

180

140

25
Tropic of Cancer
Kauai
Oahu

400 Kilometers
400 Miles

150

160

North Pacific Ocean


RT

ES
TE
RN
IS
LA
N D H AWA
I IAN
S

25

170

180

Hawaii

170

160

Honolulu
Maui

Hawaii

20
150

(R02419)

802907AI 6-02

CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN


80

90

60

70

Tampa
St. Petersburg

UNITED
STATES

Grand
Bahama

Gulf of Mexico

Miami

a
r id

Cay Sal
Bank

ch

an

George Town

(U.K.)

Cayma

Villahermosa

h
Trenc

SWAN ISLANDS

Belmopan

Windward
Passage

Montego Bay

Santiago

HAITI

DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC

Isla
Mona

British
Virgin Is.
(U.K.)

San Juan

Puerto Rico

St. Croix

(U.S.)

St. Martin (Guad. and Neth. Antilles)


St. Barthelemy (Guad.)

(FRANCE)

Ri
San Pedro
Sula

Guadeloupe

La Ceiba

Basse-Terre

Isla Aves
(VENEZUELA)

at
a

DR

St. John's

Montserrat (U.K.)

Marie-Galante

DOMINICA

Roseau

Be

Puerto
GUATEMALA Barrios

MA

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

Basseterre

ST. KITTS AND NEVIS

Plymouth

Martinique

HONDURAS

dd
le

Choluteca
Matagalpa

EL SALVADOR
Len

Am
eri

Caribbean Sea
(COLOMBIA)

ca

Granada

Aruba

ISLAS
DEL MAIZ

Lago de
Nicaragua

San
Jos

North
Pacific
Ocean

Bocas
del Toro

David

Panama
Canal

Monteria

PANAMA
Santiago

Georgetown

GUYANA

Puerto
Ayacucho

OR

Arauca

ER
A

CO
Cali

Pe
r

Buenaventura

Bogot

Ciudad Guayana

G U I A N A

H I G H L A
N D
S

ILL

Ibagu

Ciudad Bolvar
Orinoco

RD

Ch
300 Miles

80

10

Barcelona
Maturn

VENEZUELA

C O L O M B I A
N

il e

Pereira

u
90

TRINIDAD AND
TOBAGO

Trinidad

Cuman

Maracay

Ro

Bucaramanga

Ro M
agd
al

Medelln

Tr e n c h

Isla del Coco


(COSTA RICA)

Boundary representation is not necessarily authoritative.

Port-of-Spain

Caracas

San Fernando

Ccuta

San Cristbal

300 Kilometers
200

Valencia

Tobago

Isla de
Margarita

Mrida

La Palma

200
100

GRENADA

Panama
Balboa

Lambert Conformal Conic Projection,


standard parallels 9N and 17N
100

St. George's

Lago de
Maracaibo

Coln

a
en

Scale 1:12,500,000

Puerto
Cabello
Barquisimeto

Golfito

Bonaire

Isla la
Tortuga

Maracaibo

Cartagena

Puerto
Limn

COSTA RICA

Bridgetown

Willemstad

h
nc
Puntarenas

Curaao

Golfo de
Venezuela

Santa
Marta
Barranquilla

e
Tr

10

BARBADOS

Kingstown

(NETH.)

Oranjestad

(COLOMBIA)

Bluefields

Castries

ST. VINCENT AND


THE GRENADINES

Netherlands Antilles

(NETH.)

Isla de San Andrs

Managua

(FRANCE)

ST. LUCIA

Isla de la
Providencia

NICARAGUA

Fort-de-France

Puerto
Cabezas

Ave

Mi

San
Miguel

it o C
oas
t

Tegucigalpa

Santa
Ana

San
Salvador

Cayos
Miskitos

NT
AL

Guatemala

IE

Quetzaltenango

Ridge

Puerto Lempira

Mosqu

Tapachula

ch

Anguilla(U.K.)

ISLAS DE
LA BAHI

BELIZE

Tre
n

Anegada
Passage

Virgin Is. Neth.


Antilles
(U.S.)
(NETH.)

dg

RA

Mona
Passage

Rico

Puerto

(deepest point of the


Atlantic Ocean, -8605 m)

Santo
Domingo

ER

Milwaukee Deep

Cap-Hatien

Les Cayes

Navassa
Island
(U.S.)

JAMAICA

(HONDURAS)

Guantnamo

Port-au-Prince

Kingston
Belize City

20

Santiago
de Cuba
U.S. Naval Base
Guantanamo Bay

Cayman Islands

Chetumal

SI

Grand
Turk

Holgun

MEXICO

Tuxtla
Gutirrez

(U.K.)

Great Inagua

Manzanillo

Flores

Turks and
Caicos Islands

Nuevitas

Camagey

Campeche

Ciudad del
Carmen

Samana Cay

Acklins
Island

(THE BAHAMAS)

CUBA

Tropic of Cancer

Crooked Island
Mayaguana

RAGGED
ISLAND
RANGE

Cay Lobos

Isla
Cozumel

Campeche

(THE BAHAMAS)

Isla de la
Juventud

Baha de
20

(THE BAHAMAS)

Cienfuegos

Yucatan
Channel

Cancn

Mrida

am

pe

Rum Cay
Long Island

Great
Exuma

Guinchos Cay B

Matanzas
Santa Clara

Pinar del Ro

San Salvador

Havana

Ocean

Cat Island

Andros
Island

(THE BAHAMAS)

n
Ba

ah

Tropic of Cancer

Fl

of

Atlantic

New
Providence
Eleuthera
Nassau

s
tra i t

THE BAHAMAS

BIMINI
ISLANDS
Great

Key West

North

Great
Abaco

Freeport

BRAZIL
70

Boa Vista

60

802908AI (R02068) 6-02

SOUTH AMERICA
Martinique (FRANCE)
ST. LUCIA
Netherlands ST. VINCENT AND
Antilles
Aruba
THE
GRENADINES
(NETH.)
(NETH.)
GRENADA

Barranquilla
Cartagena

Panama

Mag
al e
na

PANAMA

San Cristbal

VENEZUELA
G U
I A N
A

Medelln d
Ro
N

Isla de Malpelo

(COLOMBIA)

Cali

OrinocoCiudad
Guayana

Ro

Ccuta

COSTA RICA

Bogot

COLOMBIA

H I
SURINAME French
G H
Guiana
L A
N D
(FRANCE)
S

Macap

Rio

ECUADOR

M
Am

Guayaquil

Georgetown
Paramaribo
GUYANA
Cayenne

Boa Vista

Quito

Equator

A Z
a z on

Ne
gro

Ama

Manaus

zon

Xin
gu

Prto
Velho

BRAZIL

Cusco
Lago
E Titicaca

S
Arequipa

Cochabamba Santa Cruz


Sucre
Potos
O

PARAGUAY
Asuncin
San Miguel
de Tucumn

40

Scale 1:35,000,000

Para
n

South
Atlantic
Ocean

URUGUAY

Buenos Aires

La Plata

Montevideo

Mar del Plata

San Carlos de
Bariloche

40

Comodoro Rivadavia
Laguna del Carbn
(lowest point in South America and
the Western Hemisphere, -105 m)

Strait of
Magellan

Stanley
Falkland Islands
(Islas Malvinas)

500 Kilometers

Punta Arenas

500 Miles

80

Cape
Horn

South Georgia and the


South Sandwich Islands

(administered by U.K.,
claimed by ARGENTINA)

Ushuaia

Boundary representation is
not necessarily authoritative.
100

Prto Alegre
Salto

Rosario

Baha Blanca

Ro
Gallegos

Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection

Santa Fe

ARGENTINA

P A T A G
O N
I A

Puerto Montt

A N D E
S

Concepcin

Santiago

(CHILE)

Mendoza

Valparaso

ARCHIPILAGO
JUAN FERNNDEZ

20

Crdoba

(highest point in
South America, 6962 m)

Vitria

Florianpolis

Ro

CHILE
Cerro Aconcagua

Belo
Horizonte

Rio de Janeiro
So Paulo
Santos
Curitiba

Resistencia

(CHILE)

(CHILE)

Uberlndia

Salta

Salvador

o
S

H I G H L A N D S

Campo
Grande

Isla San Ambrosio


Isla San Flix

Braslia

AN

Antofagasta

A M A DESERT
ATAC

Capricor

Cuiab

IPL

ALT

20

Macei

Goinia

BOLIVIA

Arica
Iquique

Tropic of

La Paz

Recife

B R A Z I L I A N

MATO GROSSO
PLATEAU

Trinidad

Natal

Pa
ran

re
Mamo

Par
agu
ai

South
Pacific
Ocean

Ro

Roayali
Uc

Lima

Ro
Be ni

PERU

Ro

n
ra
Ma

Rio
Branco

Hunuco

Fortaleza

Rio

Rio

o
R

Trujillo

So Lus

Teresina

Ri
o

ira
de
Ma

Belm

Santarm

Iquitos

Piura

North
Atlantic
Ocean

TRINIDAD AND
TOBAGO

Valencia
Barquisimeto

San Jos

Port-of-Spain

Caracas

Maracaibo

Fran
cisco

(COLOMBIA)

Managua

BARBADOS

Rio

Isla de
San Andrs

NICARAGUA

40

60

Caribbean Sea

Toc
anti
ns

Tegucigalpa

Rio

80
HONDURAS

(administered by U.K.,
claimed by ARGENTINA)
60

40

20

803053AI (R02108) 3-04

ANTARCTIC REGION
30

Port Elizabeth

SOUTH 30
AFRICA

South Atlantic
Ocean

Scale 1:68,000,000
Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection
1000 Kilometers

Anta
r c ti

1000 Miles

Twenty-one of 28 Antarctic consultative nations have


made no claims to Antarctic territory (although Russia
and the United States have reserved the right to do so)
and they do not recognize the claims of the other
nations.

Bouvet Island
(NORWAY)

Southern
Ocean

Orcadas

(SOUTH
AFRICA)

(GERMANY)

French Southern
and Antarctic Lands

Novolazarevskaya
(RUSSIA)

(FRANCE)

Maitri
(INDIA)

SOUTH
SHETLAND
ISLANDS

area of
enlargement

Drake
Passage

Syowa (JAPAN)

70

Molodezhnaya

Queen Maud Land


Halley (U.K.)

Weddell Sea

Belgrano II
(ARGENTINA)

CHILE

Bellingshausen
Sea

Zhong Shan(CHINA)
Progress (RUSSIA)

Davis(AUSTRALIA)

Indian

(U.S.)

South Pole
2800 m.

Land

ilk

Ross
Ice Shelf

Amundsen
Sea

80

(U.S.)

Scott

Casey
(AUSTRALIA)

McMurdo

Shackleton
Ice Shelf

Lan

(FRANCE AND
ITALY)

es

Concordia

Marie Byrd
Land

TR

(N.Z.)

arcti

Bernardo
O'Higgins
(CHILE)

55

Southern
Ocean

Ci
rcl

ZEA

LAN

AN

I
AL
T R AI M
S
AU CL

60

D CLA
IM

cti
tar

65

50

30

Rothera
(U.K.)

South
Pacific
Ocean

Tasmania
Hobart

San Martin
(ARGENTINA)

Adelaide
Melbourne

(NEW ZEALAND)

NEW
ZEALAND

South Island

Canberra

Christchurch

(NEW ZEALAND)

SNARES ISLANDS

Larsen
Ice Shelf

15

c ti

ge

AUCKLAND ISLANDS
(NEW ZEALAND)

60

CHATHAM ISLANDS
70

ta r

er
nv

Campbell
Island
(NEW ZEALAND)

Antarctic
Peninsula

Southern
Ocean

An

Co

(AUSTRALIA)

An

Graham
Land
Palmer
(U.S.)
Vernadsky
(UKRAINE)

FRENCH
CLAIM

Macquarie Island

62

NE

(FRANCE)

BALLENY
ISLANDS

Circle

66

Marambio
(ARGENTINA)

Scott
Island

Ant

nc

64

Dumont d'Urville

Arturo Prat
(CHILE)

Victoria Land
70

Esperanza
(ARGENTINA)
60

AU
S

Ross Sea
average minimum
extent of sea ice

Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Poland,


Russia, South Korea, Uruguay each have
a station on King George Island.

Ocean

(RUSSIA)

(RUSSIA)

Bentley Subglacial Trench

90 E

Mirnyy

Vostok

(lowest point in Antarctica, -2540 m)

South
Pacific
Ocean

Amery Ice Shelf

Amundsen-Scott

Vinson Massif
(highest point in Antarctica, 4897 m)

Peter I Island

(AUSTRALIA)

Ronne
Ice Shelf

Ellsworth

90 W

Heard Island and


McDonald Islands

(AUSTRALIA)

Wellington

12
0

CHILEAN
CLAIM

Mawson

Mac. Robertson
Land

80

Palmer
Land

LES
KERGUELEN

(RUSSIA)
Enderby
Land

30

Ushuaia

60

undefined limit

SANAE IV

Neumayer

(ARGENTINA)
SOUTH ORKNEY
ISLANDS

ARGENTINA

LES
CROZET

NORWEGIAN CLAIM

60

ARGENTINE
CLAIM

Scotia Sea

(SOUTH AFRICA)

BRITISH
CLAIM

(administered by U.K.,
claimed by ARGENTINA)

(administered by U.K.,
claimed by ARGENTINA)

PRINCE EDWARD ISLANDS


50

South Georgia and the


South Sandwich Islands

Falkland Islands
(Islas Malvinas)

40

c C
onv
erg
enc
e

500

IA N

500

AL

C L AI

30

Year-round research station

AUSTRALIA

40

Sydney

180

North Island
68

64

803121AI (R02207) 3-05

EUROPE
20
(DENMARK)

40

20

Greenland

Barents
Sea

Jan Mayen
(NORWAY)

Hammerfest

Greenland
Sea

Murmansk

Troms

Kiruna

Norwegian Sea
Reykjavk

ICELAND

White Sea
Arctic

Arkhangel'sk

Circle

Se

Dvvern
ina a ya

Lule
Oulu

NORWAY
Ume
Trondheim

Trshavn

60

Faroe Islands

SHETLAND
ISLANDS

20

(U.K.)

Bergen

HEBRIDES

North
Atlantic
Ocean

Oslo

Leeds
Manchester
Liverpool

Vilnius
Kaliningrad

Birmingham Amsterdam
Rotterdam

NETH.

Paris
ne
Sei

Nantes

Essen
Cologne

Leipzig

GERMANY

Frankfurt
am Main
Luxembourg

Strasbourg

Kiev
Rivne
la
stu
VI

L'viv

Krakw

Dnie
per

UKRAINE

Iasi

MOLDOVA

Odesa

.
S
T

Bern Vaduz
P
GenevaSWITZ.

Mykolayiv

Chisinau

LIECH.

ROMANIA

Black
Sea

Adriatic
Sea

Barcelona

Melilla Oran

Scale 1: 19,500,000
Tunis

(SPAIN)

Rabat

ALGERIA

Casablanca
0

Rhodes

Sicily

Algiers

Ceuta Alborn

Ionian
Sea

Palermo

(U.K.)

Izmir

Athens

Cagliari

Mediterranean Sea

Gibraltar Mlaga

TURKEY
Aegean
GREECE Sea

Tyrrhenian
Sea

Sardinia
BALEARIC
ISLANDS

Sevilla

ALB.

Valencia

CITY

Naples

Balearic
Sea

SPAIN

MOROCCO

Brest

C A
CZECH REPUBLIC
R P
SLOVAKIA
Brno
A
T
H
Bratislava
e
I A
Danub
ClujN
Budapest
Vienna
Napoca
AUSTRIA
HUNGARY
S

Stuttgart
Munich

e
Loir

Warsaw

D Ljubljana
Constanta

Bucharest
SLOVENIA I
Zagreb
Milan
N
Lyon
MASSIF
Venice
Turin
A
A
Po
Varna
BOSNIA AND
Bordeaux CENTRAL
R HERZEGOVINA
Danube
Belgrade
Genoa
CROATIA I C
SAN
SERBIA
A
Bilbao
P MARINO
Toulouse
BULGARIA
Sarajevo A
MONACO
E
Ligurian Florence
L MONTENEGRO
Andorra
Sofia
P
PYR
la Vella Marseille
Sea
Istanbul
ENE
S
Skopje
ES
Podgorica
N
Zaragoza
ANDORRA
Corsica
MACEDONIA
Rome
Bursa 40
I
Thessalonki
VATICAN
N
Tirana

Tagus

Sea

Homyel'

POLAND
Ldz
Wroclaw

ITALY

(SPAIN)

BELARUS

Chernivtsi

Zrich

Strait of Gibraltar

Minsk

RUSSIA

Hrodna

Prague

Bonn

LUX.

FRANCE

Poznan
Oder

Brussels
Lille
BEL.

Channel

Berlin

Bremen

Smolensk

Mahilyow

Hamburg

e
Elb

English

Vitsyebsk

LITHUANIA

Malm

Gdansk

Guernsey (U.K.)
Jersey (U.K.)

Bay of
Biscay

LATVIA

Riga

Bornholm

London

Celtic
Sea

Lisbon

RUSSIA

Baltic Sea

Copenhagen

Rhi
ne

Irish
Sea

Gotland

land

DENMARK

KINGDOM

Madrid

St. Petersburg

r
Dniepe

Isle
of
Man
(U.K.)

Cardiff

40

40

Moscow
Gteborg
at
teg
Kat

North
Sea

UNITED

Belfast

IRELAND

PORTUGAL

Turku Helsinki
land
of Fin
Gulf
ALAND
ISLANDS
Tallinn
ESTONIA

Stockholm

ak
err
ag
Sk

Glasgow
Edinburgh

Porto

Lake
Ladoga

Tampere

Stavanger
Aberdeen

Dublin

Gulf
of
Bothnia

Gvle

ORKNEY
ISLANDS

Rockall

60

SWEDEN

(DENMARK)

Lake
Onega

FINLAND

Vol
ga

Denmark
Strait

TUNISIA

Valletta
MALTA

Lambert Conformal Conic Projection,


standard parallels 40 N and 56 N
0

Crete

300 Kilometers

300 Miles
20

Boundary representation is
not necessarily authoritative.

803254AI (R01083) 6-06

AFRICA
0

LUX.

Paris

CZ. REP.

Marseille
AND.

SPAIN

Sardinia

Funchal

TUNISIA

MOROCCO

- Banghazi

Alexandria

Amman

Cairo

JORDAN

Nouakchott

Ouagadougou
BENIN

Zinder

NIGERIA
Abuja

Ogbomoso
ue
Ibadan
Ben
Lom
Lagos
Monrovia
Yamoussoukro Accra
PortoLIBERIA
CAMEROON
Novo
Abidjan
Douala
Malabo
EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Gulf of Guinea
Equator

SAO TOME
AND PRINCIPE

So Tom

CONGO

Yaound

UGANDA

Congo

REP. OF
THE
CONGO

Libreville
GABON

BASIN

DEM. REP.
OF THE CONGO

Brazzaville
Pointe-Noire
ANGOLA

Kampala

Kisangani

RWANDA
Bukavu

Annobn

Kinshasa

Kananga

(Cabinda)

Atlantic

Lubango
St. Helena

Zambe
zi

(U.K.)

Harare

NA

NAMIBIA

Beira

DES

Pretoria

ERT

Johannesburg

SOUTH
O
ran
ge

AFRICA
Cape Town

SEYCHELLES

Moroni

Juan de Nova Island


(FRANCE)

Glorioso Islands
(FRANCE)

Europa
Island
(FRANCE)

Mahajanga

Tromelin Island
(FRANCE)

Toamasina

Antananarivo

Mozambique
Channel

Bassas
da India
(FRANCE)

KALAHARI
DESERT

Victoria

Mayotte
(admin. by France,
claimed by Comoros)

MOZAMBIQUE

BOTSWANA
Gaborone

Indian
Ocean

COMOROS

Cidade
de Nacala

IB

Windhoek
Walvis Bay

Tropic of Capricorn

SOMALIA

Mogadishu

Lake
Nyasa

Blantyre

ZIMBABWE

20

Hargeysa
Prov.
Admin.
Line

Dar es
Salaam

TANZANIA

ZAMBIA
Lusaka

Namibe

Ocean

Mt. Kilimanjaro
Lake
(highest point in
Victoria
Africa, 5895 m)
Bujumbura
Mombasa
BURUNDI
Lake
Dodoma
Zanzibar
Tanganyika

Lubumbashi
MALAWI
Kitwe
Lilongwe

ANGOLA

KENYA
Nairobi

Luanda

South

Kigali

Mbuji-Mayi

(St. Helena)

Addis
Ababa

Juba

Bangui

Socotra
(YEMEN)

DJIBOUTI

ETHIOPIA

CENTRAL AFRICAN
REPUBLIC

Arabian
Sea

Gulf of
Djibouti Aden

(lowest point in
Africa, -155 m)

Moundou

(EQUA. GUI.)

Ascension

Lac'Assal

SUDAN

N'Djamena

Kano

GHANA
Vo
lta TOGO

20

YEMEN
Sanaa

ERITREA
Asmara

Nile

BURKINA
FASO

CTE
D'IVOIRE

Omdurman

Khartoum

CHAD

Niamey

OMAN

Port Red
Sudan
Sea

le
Ni

Freetown
SIERRA LEONE

er
Nig

Muscat

U.A.E

Jiddah ARABIA
Mecca

e
Blu

SENEGAL
Banjul
Bamako
THE GAMBIA
Bissau
GUINEA-BISSAU
GUINEA
Conakry

Agadez

MALI

Dakar

NIGER

Tombouctou

Praia

Abu
Dhabi

SAUDI

Admin.
boundary

Wh
ite

CAPE VERDE

Bandar
'Abbas

Persian

Manama Gulf
BAHR.
Doha
Riyadh
QATAR

Ni
le

MAURITANIA

Shiraz

Medina

Aswan

IRAN

Kuwait

KUWAIT

EGYPT

Al Jawf

Tropic of Cancer

Nouadhibou

Esfahan

Baghdad

Nile

LIBYA

Western
Sahara

20

AFG.

IRAQ

Al Jizah

ALGERIA

Laayoune
(El Aain)

Tehran

Jerusalem
ISRAEL

(SPAIN)

Las Palmas

Mashhad

Tabriz

TURKEY

Aleppo
Nicosia
SYRIA
LEB.
CYPRUS
Damascus
Beirut

Mediterranean Sea

Tripoli

TURKMENISTAN
Ashgabat

Adana

Athens
MALTA

Marrakech

CANARY ISLANDS

.
Izmir

Caspian
Sea
AZER. Baku

GEO.
Tbilisi
ARM.
Yerevan

Ankara

Valletta

Constantine

Fs

Black Sea
Istanbul

Oran

Rabat

Sicily

UZBEKISTAN

Strait of Gibraltar

Casablanca

Tunis

Tashkent

Sea of
Azov

(PORTUGAL)

SER.

Sofia
MONT.
BULG.
Podgorica
Skopje
Tirana
MACE.
Naples ALB.
GREECE

Rome

Corsica

Algiers
MADEIRA ISLANDS

Rostov

FT

Lisbon

(PORTUGAL)

ITALY Sarajevo

Barcelona
Madrid

Danube

Aral
Sea

Volg
a

RI

AZORES

SLOV.

BOS. &
HER.

KAZAKHSTAN

Kiev

UKRAINE

Bratislava
MOL. Chisinau
Budapest
AUS.
Bern
HUNG.
SLO.
ROM.
Odesa
Ljubljana
CRO. Belgrade Bucharest
Milan Zagreb

SWITZ.

PORTUGAL

POLAND

60

RUSSIA

Vienna

FRANCE

Ponta
Delgada

40

BELARUS

Warsaw

GERMANY
Prague

BEL.

Ocean

40

Berlin

NETH.

Brussels

North
Atlantic

Minsk

20
Amsterdam

U.K.
London

EA

Dublin
IRE.

20

GR

40

St. Denis

MADAGASCAR

Port
Louis
20

MAURITIUS
Reunion
(FRANCE)

Maputo

Mbabane
SWAZILAND
Maseru
Durban
LESOTHO

Port Elizabeth

Scale 1:51,400,000
Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection
0
0
40

Indian Ocean

800 Kilometers
800 Miles

40

Boundary representation is
not necessarily authoritative.
20

20

40

60

803255AI (R02109) 6-06

MIDDLE EAST
ROM.
Bucharest

30

UKR.

Krasnodar

Sevastopol'
Constanta

Sofia

Varna

BULGARIA

50

40

Gora El'brus
(highest point in
Europe, 5633 m) C

Black Sea

CA

SU

Bosporus

40

GU

KA

Bursa

DE

Ankara

Dardanelles
.
Izmir

Athens

Samsun
RA

Konya

A
U

Antalya

M .O

UN

TA

Baghdad

West Bank*D

S E

IRAQ

Tabuk

S E

Medina

SAUDI

Yanbu'
al Bahr

Administrative
Boundary

Hala'ib

20

S E

A
S

Sea

Port Sudan

Zahedan

30

PAK.

Bandar
'Abbas

QATAR

Strait of
Hormuz

Dubai

OMAN

Abu
Dhabi

Gulf of
Oman

Muscat

UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES

Mecca

Red
le
Ni

Kerman

Manama

ARABIA

Jiddah
N

Doha

Riyadh

Cancer

IRAN

Persian
Gulf

BAHRAIN

of

Shiraz
Bushehr

Al Jubayl
Ad Dammam
Dhahran

Buraydah
H

Tropic

KUWAIT

Ha'il
-

Aswan

- Abadan

Hafar

-al Batin

Luxor

AFG.

- T
LU

Herat

- An Nasiriyah
Al Basrah

Al
'Aqabah

Gulf of
Aqaba

EGYPT

Kuwait

Asyut

(lowest point in Asia, -408 m)

T-

Ahvaz

JORDAN

SH

Esfahan

Amman

DA

Mary

Mashhad

Ashgabat
H

SINAI
PENINSULA

ez
Su

Arak

Gaza Strip*

Suez

Al Jizah

f
Gulf o

Kuh-e
Damavand
+

MTS.

Dead Sea

Suez
Canal

Cairo

is
Tigr

ISRAEL
Port Jerusalem
Said

Qom

Kermanshah

Golan
Heights

Haifa
Alexandria

es
rat
ph
Eu

Damascus

GARAGUM
O

Tehran

Kirkuk

Hims

Beirut
LEBANON

Mediterranean Sea

Mosul

40

Buxoro
Trkmenbasy TURKMENISTAN
Balkanabat
Trkmenabat

Lake
Rasht
Urmia
EL
BU
RZ
Zanjan
Qazvin

Arbil

SYRIA

CYPRUS

Sumqayit

Tabriz

Gaziantep

Am
u

Dasoguz

(lowest point in
Europe, -28 m)

Aleppo
Latakia

Nicosia

Crete

Mount +
Ararat

IN

Adana

IN

Nukus

Caspian
Sea

AZERBAIJAN
ARMENIA
Yerevan
Baku
Erzurum

LARI

Van
Diyarbakir Lake
Van

Icel

(Mersin)

QATTARA
DEPRESSION

DAG

TURKEY Kayseri

Denizli

30

Trabzon

NIZ

TA

Tbilisi

Bat'umi

Aegean
GREECE
Sea

UN

GEORGIA
DO

UZBEKISTAN

(Aktau)

rya
Da

.
Istanbul

Aqtau

Groznyy
MO

KAZAKHSTAN

Aral
Sea

KAZAKHSTAN
AU

Sokhumi
Thessalonk

60

RUSSIA

B'

OMAN

LI

20

Abha

SUDAN
Omdurman

Salalah
Jizan

Khartoum

Sanaa
Al
Hudaydah

Nile

Bab el
Mandeb

VA
L
RI
FT

300 Miles
GR
EA
T

30

10

(lowest point in Africa, -155 m)

Berbera
Hargeysa

300 Kilometers

Boundary representation is
not necessarily authoritative.

(YEMEN)

Lac'Assal

Lambert Conformal Conic Projection,


standard parallels 12N and 38N
Addis Ababa
0

Arabian Sea
Socotra

Gulf of Aden

DJIBOUTI
Djibouti

Dese-

Scale 1:21,000,000

Al Mukalla-

Aden
T'ana
Hayk'

10

YEMEN

Blue

ile
e N
Whit

Wad
Madani-

Al Ghaydah

ERITREA Massawa
Asmara

SOMALIA

Golan Heights is Israeli-occupied Syria.

Y
LE

ETHIOPIA
40

West Bank and Gaza Strip are Israeli-occupied with current


status subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement -permanent status to be determined through further negotiation.
Provisional
Administrative Line

50

Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital in 1950, but the US, like
nearly all other countries, maintains its Embassy in Tel Aviv.

60

803056AI (R02107) 3-04

Wrangel
Island

Arctic Ocean
NEW SIBERIAN
ISLANDS

Oslo

St. Petersburg

na
Le

Quetta

Islamabad
Lahore

Line of
Actual
Control

DESERT
UNTAINS
L U
MO
N
Indian claim

Mt. Everest

(highest point in the world,


8850 m)

L
A
Y A
NEPAL
S

Jaipur

Lucknow
Kathmandu
Kanpur
Gang
es
- Ahmadabad

Nagpur
Pune
DECCAN
- Hyderabad
S

WES

EA
S

GHA

Bangalore

RN
TE

(INDIA)

Jaffna

MALDIVES

Male

Haiphong

LAOS

ic
Trop

Phnom
Penh
Gulf of
Thailand

Andaman
Sea

of

60
cer

Can

20

Luzon

SPRATLY
ISLANDS

Manila

PHILIPPINES
Cebu

Sulu Sea

Ho Chi Minh
City

Bandar Seri
Begawan

NICOBAR
ISLANDS

MALAYSIA
Kuala Lumpur

Mindanao
Davao

Celebes Sea

BRUNEI

(INDIA)

140

Philippine
Sea

Hong Kong S.A.R.


Macau S.A.R.

Hainan
Dao

CAMBODIA

SRI LANKA

Okinawa

Nanchang

South
China
VIETNAM Sea

Bangkok

(INDIA)

East
China
Sea

Hangzhou

Hue

THAILAND

ANDAMAN
ISLANDS

Shanghai

Guangzhou

Xi Jiang

Vientiane

Bay of
Bengal

Fukuoka

Qingdao

Taiwan

Rangoon

Chennai
(Madras)

SOUTH
KOREA

Hanoi

BURMA

Cochin

Laccadive
Sea
Colombo

Chittagong

Yokohama
- Nagoya
Osaka

Yellow Pusan
Sea

Wuhan

Nanning
Mandalay

Tokyo

Pyongyang
Seoul

Guiyang
Kunming

T
HA

TS

LAKSHADWEEP

aputra
Brahm

JAPAN

NORTH
KOREA

Taipei

ng
ko
Me

TER

Arabian
Sea

BHUTAN
Thimphu

40

Vladivostok

Demarcation
Line

Zhengzhou
Nanjing
Chang Jiang

Sapporo

Sea of Japan

Dalian

Changsha
Chongqing

Salween

Mumbai
(Bombay)

Lhasa

I N D I A BANGLADESH Dhaka
Kolkata
(Calcutta)

Chengdu

AN
DU

New Delhi

Surat

CHINA

Changchun

Shenyang

Tianjin
Jinan
Taiyuan

Xi'an

NG
HE

PAKISTAN
Karachi

Lanzhou

QING ZANG GAOYUAN

Beijing

Baotou

Irra
wad
dy

Kandahar

TAKLA MAKAN

OMAN

Huang He

.
MTS

1972
Line of Control

Indus

Kashi
TAJIKISTAN

Muscat

SAUDI
ARABIA

rmqi

Dushanbe

Abu Dhabi
U.A.E.

MONGOLIA

DA

ZAGRO

Tashkent

Kabul
AFGHANISTAN

Bandar
'Abbas

Persian
Gulf

20

Bishkek
KYRGYZSTAN
S H A N
T I E N

IRAN

Shiraz

Almaty

Ashgabat

- Mashhad
Esfahan

HIN

TURKMENISTAN

Harbin

Ulaanbaatar

UZBEKISTAN

URIAN PLAIN

QUM

GA
RA
GU
M

GGAN

Lake
Balkhash

QIZIL

Tehran

LING

MT

KAZAKHSTAN

Aral
Sea

Khabarovsk

MA
NCH

Irkutsk

(Karaganda)

Baku

Tabriz

KH

Astana

Occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945,


administered by Russia,
claimed by Japan.

Sakhalin

Lake
Baikal

Qaraghandy

Caspian
Sea
Yerevan AZERBAIJAN

YA
BL
ON
OV
YY

(Atyrau)

Tbilisi

BE
RE

ur
Am

US
AS

Novosibirsk

GEORGIA

ARMENIA

Krasnoyarsk

Atyrau

KURIL
ISLANDS

IS L
A N DS
AN)

Angara

Omsk

UC
CA

Black
Sea

160

Sea of
Okhotsk

Irt
ysh

Chelyabinsk

'
Ob

Volgograd
Rostov

Yakutsk

R U S S I A

Yekaterinburg

Ufa

Samara

PetropavlovskKamchatskiy

lga
Vo

y
yu
Vil

AP

Saratov

isey
Yen

Donets'k

Perm'

Magadan

KK
HREBET

Alda
n

Voronezh

Kazan'
a
Kam

Circle

Arctic

Ob
'

Pec
ho
ra

T
N
Nizhniy Novgorod

UKR.

AN
S

Moscow

Kharkiv

IN

Kiev

na
Le

BELA.

CHE
RSKOGO

Y
HO

Noril'sk

(J

Lake
Onega

Minsk

KH
RE
BE
T

Tiksi
Arkhangel'sk

K
VER

Lake
Ladoga

180

Bering
Sea

KH
REB
E

EST.

LITH.

Vilnius LAT.

a
Kolym

RUS.

POL.

Cherskiy

Laptev
Sea

Kara Sea

Helsinki

Tallinn
Riga

Anadyr'

Amu
r

Murmansk

FINLAND

Warsaw

NOVAYA
ZEMLYA

East Siberian
Sea

T DZHUGDZHUR

Stockholm

SEVERNAYA
ZEMLYA

SIKHO
TE-ALIN'

Barents Sea

SWEDEN

DEN.

Copenhagen

Provideniya

KY

FRANZ JOSEF
LAND

NORWAY

U.S.

140

80 100 120

'Y
GOR
KOLYMSKOYE NA

60

North Sea

160

40

(NORWAY)

Svalbard

Norwegian
Sea

20

80

60

Glasgow
U.K.

80

ASIA

MALAYSIA

Medan

Singapore
SINGAPORE

Equator

Borneo
Celebes

Pontianak

Banda Sea

Sumatra

Scale 1:48,000,000

Palembang

Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection


0

Makassar

Jakarta

Indian

800 Kilometers

I N DJava SeaO N E S I A Dili

Bandung
0

60

800 Miles
Boundary representation is
not necessarily authoritative.

Timor Sea

Java

Ocean
80

EAST TIMOR
Timor

Surabaya

Semarang

100

120

AUSTRALIA
803057AI (R02105) 3-04

SOUTHEAST ASIA

Haiphong
Gulf of
Tonkin
Vinh

Vientiane

UE
IQ
IT
M
NA
AN g
n
NE eko
A M
CH

Rangoon

Pathein

Nakhon
Ratchasima

Mawlamyine
Dawei

Bangkok

Coco Channel

VIETNAM

CAMBODIA

ANDAMAN
ISLANDS

Ho Chi Minh
City

Andaman
Gulf of
Thailand

Sea
NICOBAR
ISLANDS
(INDIA)

Nha
Trang

Phnom Penh

(INDIA)

Phuket

Great Channel

o
ait
Str
fM

Medan

cca
ala

E
G

SINGAPORE

Palembang

Banjarmasin

Java Sea

Makassar

Buru

Surabaya

Bali

Denpasar
Selat Lombok

(AUSTRALIA)

New Guinea

Banda Sea

KEPULAUAN
ARU

Flores Sea

PAPUA
NEW
GUINEA

Java

Jayapura
PEGUNUNGAN M
AOK
E

Ambon

I N D O N E S I A
Madura

Ceram

Bandung

Christmas Island

Sulawesi
(Celebes)

Semarang

Equator

Sorong

Kendari

Jakarta

North
Pacific
Ocean

Halmahera

Molucca
Sea

Palu

Billiton

TanjungkarangTelukbetung
Selat Sunda

Manado

Borneo

IS

PALAU

Celebes
Sea

Sumatra

KEPULAUAN
MENTAWAI

MICRONESIA

Koror

Davao

BA

Pulau Siberut

Pulau
Bangka

FED. STATES OF

Cagayan de Oro
Mindanao

Kota Kinabalu

Samarinda

ta
ma
ari
t K
Sela

AN

Padang

Cebu

Pontianak

Iloilo

Negros

Sulu Sea

MALAYSIA

Singapore

Panay

Bacolod

KEPULAUAN
NATUNA

Kuching

Philippine
Sea

Mindoro

Bandar Seri
Begawan
BRUNEI

Melaka

UN

Pulau Nias

20

Zamboanga

UN

Pulau Simeulue

(JAPAN)

P H I L I P P I N E S Samar

SPRATLY
ISLANDS

MALAYSIA
Kuala Lumpur

VOLCANO
ISLANDS

Manila

Palawan

Ipoh

DAITOSHOTO
(JAPAN)

Okino-torishima

Luzon

Songkhla

George Town

Banda Aceh

BONIN
ISLANDS

Tropic of Cancer

BABUYAN ISLANDS

South
China
Sea

Long
Xuyen

Luzon
Strait

PARACEL
ISLANDS

Hue
Da Nang

THAILAND

Taiwan

Hainan
Dao

Ma
kas
sar
Stra
it

Salw
een

LAOS
Chiang
Mai

Ta
iw
an

Irraw
addy

BURMA
Akyab

Hong Kong S.A.R.


Macau
S.A.R.
Pratas
Island

Zhanjiang

Hanoi

Kao-hsiung

Nanning

Mandalay

20

Guangzhou Shantou

N
A

Str
ait

Taipei
Xiamen

Naha

Kunming
Jiang

Okinawa

Fuzhou

Guiyang

S H O T O-

Wenzhou
Changsha

INDIA
Xi

(JAPAN)

Nanchang

CHINA

140

JAPAN

East
China
Sea

Shanghai

Hangzhou
Ningbo

Chongqing
Zigong

SHA

hm
Bra

Wuhan

120

NAMPO

AN
DU
NGekong
HE M

tra
apu

Chang Jiang

Chengdu

Hefei

100

Lombok
Flores
Sumbawa

Dili

Sumba

Timor
Sea

Cocos
(Keeling)
Islands

Ashmore and
Cartier Islands

(AUSTRALIA)

Arafura
Sea

EAST TIMOR
Timor

Kupang

Merauke

Darwin

(AUSTRALIA)

Indian Ocean

Gulf of
Carpentaria

Scale 1:32,000,000 at 5N
Mercator Projection
20

0
0

AUSTRALIA

500 Kilometers
500 Miles

Boundary representation is not necessarily authoritative.


Names in Vietnam are shown without diacritical marks.
100

Port Hedland
Karratha

G R E AT S A N DY

20

Mount Isa

DESERT
120

140

802914AI (R02106) 6-02

OCEANIA
120
Wenzhou

IS

N
U
A
K Y JA P
(
YU

DAITOSHOTO
(JAPAN)

Marcus Island

VOLCANO
ISLANDS
(JAPAN)

(JAPAN)

E
T R

Sea

PH

PP

INE

Sulu Sea

Mindanao

Zamboanga

Hawaii

Majuro

(U.S.)

Palmyra Atoll
(U.S.)

CL

Tarawa

Halmahera
Equator

Ceram

CH

EN
TR

NG

TO

Mururoa

LES
LES TUBUAI

Adamstown

CH

EN

Kingston

AD

(AUSTRALIA)

TR

KERMADEC
KERMADEC
ISLANDS
ISLANDS
(N.Z.)

Norfolk Island

Ocean

North
Island

Auckland

South Pacific
I L

Hamilton

I D

NEW

Hastings

Hobart

40

ZEALAND
Tasmania

Scale: 1:36,000,000 at 30S


Mercator Projection

Christchurch

CHATHAM
ISLANDS
(N.Z.)

South Island
Invercargill
140

Pitcairn Islands

Rapa

RM

FLINDERS RA
NG
E

(FRANCE)

Tropic of Capricorn

Wellington

Indian
Ocean
120

20

French Polynesia

(U.K.)

Tasman
Sea

Bass
Strait

Tahiti

Niue(N.Z.)
Niue(N.Z.)

V
I S

(highest point in Australia,


2229 m)

Melbourne

ARCHIPEL DES TUAMOTU

Papeete

Geelong

Wollongong

Mount Kosciuszko

Alofi

Avarua

Canberra

SOCIETY
ISLANDS

L O

(AUSTRALIA)

Sydney

Bendigo

40

Ceva-i-Ra

I S

M
ur
ray

Cook
Islands

Minerva Reef

B A S I N

Great Australian
Bight

Newcastle

Nuku'alofa

Adelaide

Lord Howe Island

E
H O W

Broken
Hill

g
rlin
Da

Whyalla

Esperance

LO R D

Kalgoorlie

Brisbane
Gold Coast

RA NG

Lake Eyre
(lowest point in Australia,
-15 m)

NE

LES
LES
MARQUISES

A NGE

Bunbury

R
ING
RL
DA

Perth

GREAT VICTORIA
DESERT

E D O N I A
A L

IN

AUSTRALIA

TONGA

Suva

Viti
Levu

Rockhampton
Gladstone

ID

ZO

(N.Z.)

Pago
Pago

(FRANCE)
(FRANCE)

FIJI

Port-Vila

Noumea

SAMOA
Wallis and
Wallis
and Apia
Futuna
Futuna

(FRANCE)

SIMPSON
DESERT

Geraldton

New
Caledonia

American
Samoa
(U.S.)

Mata-Utu
Vanua
Levu

VANUATU
VANUATU

GIBSON
DESERT

E
Alice Springs

Coral Sea

Mackay

DI

SANTA CRUZ
ISLANDS

Mount Isa

RA

HAMMERSLEY
RANGE

(N.Z.)

(AUSTRALIA)

Ree
f

Townsville

KIRIBATI

Tokelau

EA

LL
NE

GREAT SANDY
DESERT

Islands

rier
Bar

GR

ON

Port Hedland

Cairns
CD
MA

NG
RA L E O
N G PO
LD
E

Funafuti

Rotuma

Coral Sea

Port
Moresby

KI

Ocean

TUVALU

at
Gre

Indian

SOLOMON
ISLANDS
Guadalcanal

Gulf of
Carpentaria

(AUSTRALIA)

20

Torres
Strait

TO

UR

RAWAKI
(PHOENIX
ISLANDS)

Honiara

Darwin

Ashmore and
Cartier Islands

(U.S.)

ER

CT

LA

Kupang

Jarvis Island

IPP

A
FR

(U.S.)

Bougainville

Solomon Sea
Arafura Sea

IS

EAST
Timor TIMOR
Timor Sea

(U.S.)

Baker Island

KIRIBATI

New Britain

Dili

Flores

Sumba

Madang
Lae

New Guinea

ZON

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

Banda Sea

RE

Denpasar
Lombok

New
Ireland

Wewak

Ambon

Sumbawa

NAURU
NAURU

Banaba

Bismarck Sea

INDONESIA

CT U

LI

Java Sea
Bali

Jayapura

Buru
Makassar

Surabaya

Yaren District

Sorong

Celebes

Banjarmasin

Java

Molucca
Sea

Palu

Samarinda

KE

FRA

Kiritimati
(Christmas Island)
(KIRIBATI)

Howland Island

KIRIBATI
(GILBERT ISLANDS)

EC

Manado

Kingman Reef

Celebes Sea

Borneo

CLA

ION

Ocean

MARSHALL
ISLANDS

Kwajalein

CAROLINE ISLANDS

MALAYSIA

Eniwetak

Pohnpei

PALAU

ZON

20

North Pacific

Palikir

BRUNEI

ND

(U.S.)

Koror

E
T R

Davao

Bandar Seri
Begawan

RE

Maui

LA

(U.S.)

FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA

Yap

CT U

Johnston Atoll

Challenger Deep (world's greatest ocean depth, -10924 m)

ILI

Palawan

IS
.)

FRA

Honolulu

(U.S.)

(U.S.)

Samar
Iloilo
Bacolod
Cebu
Negros
Cagayan de Oro

.S

MO

Oahu

AI
LOK

PHILIPPINES

Kauai

Hagta
Guam

IA

Wake island
Island

Northern
Mariana
Islands

I A

Saipan

Manila

Panay

AI

(U

N A

Philippine
Luzon

(JAPAN)

20

South
China
Sea

HA

Tropic of Cancer

Okino-torishima

Strait

140

(U.S.)

Taiwan

Hong Kong S.A.R. Kao-hsiung


Macau
Luzon
S.A.R.

160

Midway Islands

BONIN
ISLANDS
(JAPAN)

Shantou
Guangzhou

Taipei

Fuzhou
Xiamen

Okinawa
Naha

180

160

140
T
N A M P O- - S H O

CHINA

160

0
0

500 Kilometers
500 Miles

Dunedin

Stewart Island

180

160

140

802915AI (R02111) 6-02