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Maria Campbell is the Elder and Advisor on Traditional Protocol for Walking With Our Sisters, an installation art pro ect of 1!"00 pairs of moccasin tops or #vamps$ commemoratin% and representin% an estimated &'4 Abori%inal (omen and %irls (ho have been m)rdered or %one missin% in Canada since 19*1. This lar%e collaborative art piece (ill be on to)r )ntil '0'0. Maria is a visitin% Tr)dea) fello( at the +niversit, of -tta(a! and member of M.tis /esearch 0ro)p! 1nstit)te of Canadian 2t)dies. Maria (as appointed as an -fficer of the -rder of Canada on 3)l, 01! '00&. 2he previo)sl, had received the 2as4atche(an -rder of Merit on -ctober 11! '005 and the ''nd Ann)al 6istin%)ished Canadian A(ard! presented b, the 2eniors +niversit, 0ro)p and the 2eniors Ed)cation Centre of the +niversit, of /e%ina on Ma, 1&! '00*. 1n 199*! she (as presented (ith a 7ational Abori%inal Achievement A(ard. 2he has been also been ind)cted into the Mar%aret 8ood(ard 2as4atche(an Theatre 9all of :ame ('000). Maria Campbell (as born in April of 1940! on a trapline in northern 2as4atche(an. 2he is the da)%hter of 3ohn (6an) Campbell 1 and 1rene 6)b);)e'. The area (here the, lived (as 4no(n as Nukeewin b)t is no( called Par4 <alle,. Their traditional trappin% and h)ntin% territor, (as across the Puktahaw Sipi (7et=Thro(in% /iver)! no( called 2t)r%eon /iver. Maria %re( )p spea4in% the Cree! Michif and 2a)ltea)> lan%)a%es. Maria Campbell event)all, became one of a %ro(in% n)mber of people to spea4 o)t a%ainst the oppression of Abori%inal people. 1n 19*?! Campbell (or4ed to establish a half(a, ho)se in Edmonton for (omen (ho (ere destit)te or e>periencin% other personal crises.
@orn 3)ne '?! 191"! at @i% /iver! died 199". 6an (as the son of Ed(ard 3ames Campbell (born 3an)ar, '&! 1&&1 in Aill, Plain! 2B ) and Maria <andal (born circa 1&94 in 2hell /iver! 2B). 9is parents (ere Mar,=2ophia 6reaver (bC 1&*0 in 2o)th @ranch later 4no(n as the 9alcro 2ettlement)! and Archibald Campbell (bC 1&50 in Moose :actor,). Maria 2ophia (as the da)%hter of Mar%)erite #Eh=2he=Bash4$ Mista(asis or @elan%er (bC 1&4' in :ort Carlton district) and 3ames 3oseph #Ma=mis=4ittash=4o=ne=4o$ 6reaver (bCc. 1&40). ' @orn 1919 at Mont 7ebo! d. 1951.
6)rin% her career as a (riter Campbell has ed)cated the %eneral p)blic! and Abori%inal people abo)t the Metis people of Canada. CampbellDs 19"? novel! Half-Breed! is one of the most hi%hl, re%arded (or4s of Metis literat)re. This boo4 (as one of the first (or4s to challen%e e>istin% stereot,pes of 1ndi%eno)s (omen. Campbell (rites of her e>periences (ith discrimination and povert, (hile %ro(in% )p as a Metis (oman in 8estern Canada. Half-Breed can be fo)nd on the c)rric)la of n)mero)s hi%h schools! 8omenDs 2t)dies! 7ative 2t)dies and Canadian Aiterat)re co)rses. The National Post in an article! #The @est of the Cent)r,$ (2at)rda, -ctober '! 1999! 2ection @4)! chose this boo4 for its list of the t(ent, Canadian boo4s of the cent)r,.
Pic4in% medicine d)rin% a visit to the @annoc4 Point Petroforms! April! '009 Photo b, A. @ar4(ell
Picnic at @annoc4 Point! photo b, 2hirle, 6elorme /)ssell! April '009.
1n 1991! Maria (as a contrib)tor to 9artm)t A)tEDs! boo4! Contemporary Challenges Con!ersations with Canadian Nati!e "uthors (2as4atoonC :ifth 9o)se P)blishers! 1991). 1n 1995! she p)blished Stories of the #oad "llowan$e People F a boo4 containin% translations of Metis stories based on the peopleDs rich oral tradition. 9er first childrenDs boo4 %ittle Badger and the &ire Spirit (TorontoC McClelland and 2te(art) (as (ritten in 19"" beca)se her %randson (anted to 4no( (here (e %ot fire. Campbell has made n)mero)s contrib)tions to ma%aEines s)ch as 'a$lean(s and is the a)thor of The #ed )ress! a film released b, the 7ational :ilm board of Canada in 199". 2he (as recipient of a 7ational Abori%inal Achievement A(ard in 199*. Maria has served as 8riter in /esidence at the @anff 2chool of :ine Arts and ta)%ht 7ative 2t)dies at the +niversit, of 2as4atche(an and (as recentl, ('009) the Carol 2hields 8riter in /esidence at the +niversit, of 8innipe%. -ver the ,ears she has done n)mero)s c)lt)ral presentations for Par4s Canada at the @atoche 7ational 9istoric 2ite. 2he is al(a,s in %reat demand to do readin%s from her (or4 at Metis c)lt)ral events. -ver the ,ears she has (or4ed (ith n)mero)s ,o)n% Metis (omen to pass on Metis (omenDs oral 4no(led%e and teachin%s. -n Ma, ?0! '004! Maria (as the recipient of the Molson A(ard for the Arts! ac4no(led%in% her s)bstantial contrib)tions to the c)lt)ral and intellect)al herita%e of Canada. Maria CampbellGs first professionall, prod)ced pla,! :li%ht! (as the first all Abori%inal theatre prod)ction in modern Canada. 8eavin% modern dance! stor,tellin% and drama to%ether (ith traditional Abori%inal art practices! this earl, (or4 set a st,listic tone that her most recent prod)ctions contin)e to e>plore. T(o of her pla,s have to)red e>tensivel, (ithin Canada and abroad to 2cotland! 6enmar4 and 1tal,. :rom 19&5 to ?
199" Ms. Campbell o(ned and operated a prod)ction compan,! 0abriel Prod)ctions. 2he has (ritten andHor directed films b, the 7ational :ilm @oard of Canada (7:@) and Canadian @roadcastin% Corporation (C@C)! incl)din% M, Partners M, People! (hich aired on CT< for ? ,ears. 2he (as coordinator and member of 2a%e Ensemble! a comm)nit, theatre %ro)p for Abori%inal elders! and is activel, associated (ith the 2as4atche(an 7ative Theatre Compan, in 2as4atoon as a c)lt)ral advisor. The Maria Campbell p)blications listC • Campbell! Maria. Stories of the #oad "llowan$e People, translated b, Maria CampbellF paintin%s b, 2herr, :arrell /acette. /evised Edition. 2as4atoon! 2as4.C 0abriel 6)mont 1nstit)te! '010. M.tis Electoral Cons)ltation Panel (2as4.). '*tis go!ernan$e in Saskat$hewan for the +,st $entury !iews and !isions of the '*tis people a report prepared -y the '*tis .le$toral Consultation Panel/ su-mitted to the Saskat$hewan 'inister of &irst Nations and '*tis #elations0 /e%inaC M.tis Electoral Cons)ltation Panel! '005. Stories of the road allowan$e people/ translated b, Maria CampbellF paintin%s b, 2herr, :arrell /acette. Penticton! @.CC The,t)s @oo4s! 1995. Campbell! Maria and 9arr, 6aniels One 'ore Time. 2as4atoon! 2as4atche(an! CanadaC A)thor! 1995. 1i!e -a$k &irst Nations perspe$ti!es on $ultural pra$ti$e0 Maria Campbell! et al0 7orth <anco)verC 0allerie P)blications! 199'. 0riffiths! Ainda and Maria Campbell. The -ook of 2essi$a a theatri$al transformation0 TorontoC Coach 9o)se Press! 19&9! Pla,(ri%hts Canada Press! 199". This pla, (on the Chalmers A(ard for @est 7e( Pla, and a 6ora Mavor Moore A(ard. Campbell! Maria. "$himoona. 2as4atoon! 2as4atche(anC :ifth 9o)se! 19&5. Campbell! Maria. Half-reed0 9alifa>! 7.2 C 0oodread @io%raphies! 19&?! c19"?. Campbell! Maria. People of the -uffalo How the Plains 3ndians li!ed0 1ll)strated b, 6o)%las Tait I 2hannon T(ofeathers0 1st paperbac4 ed.! rev. <anco)verC 6o)%las I Mc1nt,re! 19&?. Campbell! Maria. Chee$hum4s .nkelin "uto-iographie einer kanadis$hen Hal-indianerin/ JKbersetEt a)s dem Banadischen von /os(itha McCoppinL. 1. A)fl. == MKchen C :ra)enoffensive! 19&?! c19&1.
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Campbell! Maria. #iel4s people How the '*tis li!ed0 1ll)strated b, 6avid MacAa%an. 1st paperbac4 ed. <anco)verC 6o)%las I Mc1nt,re! 19&?. Campbell! Maria. Half-reed00 1st @ison boo4 ed. AincolnC +niversit, of 7ebras4a Press! 19&'! c19"?. Campbell! Maria. #iel4s people How the '*tis li!ed0 1ll)strated b, 6avid Macla%an0 <anco)verC 6o)%las I Mc1nt,re! 19"&. Campbell! Maria. %ittle Badger and the &ire Spirit0 1ll)strated b, 6avid Macla%an. Toronto C McClelland and 2te(art! 19"". 1ll)strated b, 6avid Macla% Campbell! Maria. Half-reed0 TorontoC McClelland and 2te(art=@antam! 19"9! c19"?.
MariaDs film and video credits incl)deC • 2ourney to Healing (8riterH6irector) (1995) • %a Beau Sha Sho (8riterH6irector) (1994) • 2oseph(s 2usti$e (8riterH6irector) (1994) • " Centre for Buffalo Narrows (8riterH6irector) (19&") • 'y Partners 'y People (Co=Prod)cer ) (19&") • Cum-erland House (8riterH6irector) (19&*) • #oad to Bato$he (8riterH6irector) (19&5) • Sharing and .du$ation (8riterH6irector) (19&5) • The #ed )ress (8riter) (19"") • .dmonton(s 5nwanted Women (8riterH6irector) (19*&) Maria Campbell! in earlier times! attended the residential school at @ea)val! 2as4atche(an for one ,ear! she has %one on to earn an MA in 7ative 2t)dies from the +niversit, of 2as4atche(an. 2he has received hono)rar, doctorates from the +niversit, of /e%ina (1995)! Mor4 +niversit, (199') and Athabasca +niversit, ('000). 2he has ta)%ht M.tis histor, and the st)d, of oral traditions at )niversities in 2as4atche(an! Manitoba and Alberta. 6r. Campbell is a visitin% academic at the Centre for 8orld 1ndi%eno)s Bno(led%e and /esearch! Athabasca +niversit,. Maternal Genealogy: • • • • • 0randfatherC Pete 6)b);)e 0randmotherC Philomene Morissette! b. April ?! 1&9*. 0reat=0randfatherC 7orbert 2)r%il Morissette! b. -ctober 10! 1&5&! at @eard,Ds /eserve. 0reat=0randmotherC 3)dith 2tarblan4et! b. 1&*0 at 2and, Aa4e. 0reat=%reat=0randfatherC Antoine Bami,oahcah4(c( Ahtah4a4oop
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2tarblan4et.? 0reat=%reat=0randmotherC 3)dith @elan%er Mista(asis! b. 1&4?! 0reat=%reat=%reat=0randfatherC Pierre @elan%er Mista(asis. 0reat=%reat=%reat=0randmotherC Anne A(asis Mashe 7ah 2ho 8ish4. 0reat=%reat=%reat=0randfatherC 7orbert 3ean Morisette! b. 1&?& at 2t. @oniface. 0reat=%reat=%reat=0randmotherC @ets, @raconnier! b. 1&4&.
Metis Scrip: Campbell! Mar,F addressC Prince AlbertF claim no. 1"?1F bornC 1&*0 at 2o)th @ranch! 2as4atcheche(anF fatherC Ma=mis4ittash=4o=ne=4e (M.tis)F motherC Charlotte Eh=she=4ash4 (M.tis or 1ndian)F marriedC 1&"4 at Prince Albert to Archibald CampbellF children livin%C Mar,! 3ohn! Ed(ard and Christ,F children deceasedC Albert! diedC :all! 1&&*F scrip for N'40.00 Morisette! 7orbert = Concernin% his claim as a head of famil, and as heirs to his t(o deceased M.tis children! @ets, born 1&5&! died 1&"1 and Ambroise born 1&*5! died 1&"& = Address! :ort Carlton = @orn! 1&?& at 2t. @oniface = :ather! Arselme Morisette! (:rench Canadian) = Mother! Th.rOse! (1ndian) = Married! 1&5* at /ed /iver to @ets, @raconnier = Children livin%! ei%ht (names on declaration) = Children deceased! fo)r = 2crip for N1*0.00 = 2crip for N4&0.00 = Claim 1??4. /015 ! 1nterior ! 2eries 6=11=&=b ! <ol)me 1??0 ! /eel C=14940 Morissette 3r.! 7orbert = Concernin% his claim as a child = Address! Carlton = @orn! 1&59 = :ather! 7orbert Morissette 2r.! (M.tis) = Mother! @ets, @raconnier! (M.tis) = Married! 1&"" at Carlton to 3)dith! 2tarblan4et Ahtah4a4oop (1ndian) = Children livin%! three (names on declaration) = Children deceased! one = 2crip for N'40 = Claim 140&. /015 ! 1nterior ! 2eries 6=11=&=b ! <ol)me 1??0 ! /eel C=14940 Moricette! 7orbertF heir to his deceased da)%hter! 3)dithF MoricetteF addressC 6)c4 Aa4e! 2as4F bornC '1 2ept.! 1&"9 at Carlton! 2as4F diedC :all! 1&&9 at M)s4e% Aa4e! 2as4F fatherC 7orbert Moricette (M.tis I deponent)F motherC @ets, @raconnier (M.tis)F scrip cert.C form 6! no. 551 for N'40.00F claim no. '51. /015 ! 1nterior ! 2eries 6=11=&=c ! <ol)me 1?*0 ! /eel C=1499'
Compiled and Edited b, Aa(rence @ar4(ell Coordinator of Metis 9erita%e and 9istor, /esearch Ao)is /iel 1nstit)te
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