The end of World War One in 1918, was the reason that the Treaty of Versailles was signed

and it was also the shadow of the Russian Revolution. There were three very important politicians that led this all. They were David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau and Woodrow Wilson. Most of them wanted to see the destruction of Germany but some like Lloyd George, were more cautious. There is some truth to the fact that opposition forces helped to defeat the treaty, but over all it was Wilson's stubbornness that led to its defeat in the Senate. Wilson's righteous views of his efforts were so strong that not even the advice and urging of his closest confidants could sway his stance. In the primary steps to form the treaty, Wilson made a trip to Paris in order to organize a peace assignment Wilson outlined his peace proposals to the American Congress in on January 8 th, 1918 and They became known as the 'Fourteen Points' and 'Four principles'. Wilson also exasperated the Republicans because he refused to include a single republican senator; so the only choice he had to deal with was Henry Cabot Lodge; who happened to be Wilson's main rival. But this unawareness in bringing balance may have been the triumph, that would grow to obliterate Wilson. President Wilson and it would settle worldly issues controlled by the great powers. Wilson finally gained a conquest at the table when Old World diplomats agreed in 1919. They were to create the League Covenant, which was the main component to the final peace treaty. But after this was done President Wilson was urged back home to serious hostility. Directed by Lodge, the irreconcilables and the Battalion of Death destined the treaty and it's envisioned foreign entanglements, particularly with France. So the effect of all these would be that America would be forced to help fight another German invasion [DA]. Every thing wasn't all dandy when introducing the treaty either. Once the Treaty of Versailles was introduced to the community many liberals were not pleased with what it contained and covered. The liberals show, with The New Republican [DB], that they don't like the treaty and are not satisfied with what it has done. They believe it hasn't done enough. The New Republican shows why the liberals didn't agree with the Treaty of Versailles, which was that it did not offer peace so it did not make up for the war. It wasn't just the liberals that had problems with the treaty. So did additional forces. They disliked the treaty, but not for its foreign entanglements. They just didn't like it for the main reason that it didn't go far enough to be effective. The liberals were the most critical of the Treaty of Versailles because they did not believe that it effectively reconstructed the inequity in Europe but instead creating more hatred amongst the nations of Europe; they believed that it did the exact opposite of what it was believed to do. Because of the well know separation available in the American senate it gave the connected senate of Europe a great benefit. Because they were connected they were had a stronger bargaining position. President Wilson found a needed to defend the American senators welfare; even if it meant not caring about what we were doing to other countries. [DF] The Clemenceau of France pressed for French demands of the German Rhineland and Saar Valley, but Wilson's resistance led the French to compromise where Saar would belong to the League of Nations for fifteen years. The people believed that what he was doing to

France was wrong; but he would get it back in time. Even though the treaty wasn't finished yet, it was handed to the Germans but to much discontent. Only about four of the twenty-three Wilsonian points actually made it to the final treaty. A number of points had to be throw out because of opposing aims of the allies that were involved in the creation of the treaty in order to save the valuable League of Nations. In order to jump start all of this Presidents Wilson's made a tour across the nation in order to spread his news about the League of Nations and to gain peoples support. But unfortunately this didn't get very far because of the events that happened at Pueblo, Colorado. In Colorado he pleaded for the League of Nations as the only real hope of preventing future wars. That night he collapsed from exhaustion and then spent many weeks after that by himself, in the dark room of the white house. Because of this This Senator Lodge was able to set forth his modifications to the treaty. And so he came up with his own fourteen points, which were called the Lodge reservations. These reservations attacked Article X of the League because it ethically bound the U.S. to aid any member victimized by external aggression. Even though Wilson understood these declarations, because of his hatred for Lodge, he was quite willing to accept revisions by his democratic followers but shaped anger towards Lodges suggestions. Wilson cherished the Article X of the agreement [DC]. So the condition kept the right for America to declare war and not be required into one through a treaty . [DE] Although to feeble to lead, Wilson was still strong enough to obstruct and when the day came for the voting for the treaty in senate, Wilson sent out the word to all the democrats to vote against the treaty with the lodge reservations attached. Wilson did this because he hoped that it would then be open to add some democratic revisions instead. So the loyal democrats did what he wished and rejected the Lodge reservations to the treaty. But he should have allowed the treaty to be passed and then let the league iron out the creases that flaw it once it would be established [DD] Hoover knows that there is problems with the reservations to the treaty but something needed to be passed, and things would work themselves out in time. He believed that it was better than just sitting around doing nothing. So there was only one thing to do. Unless the senate approved the pact with the reservations, the entire document would be rejected. But Wilson again told the democrats to vote down the treaty and there fore signed the death warrant of the treaty as far as America was concerned. On March 19, 1920, a second voting for the ratification of the treaty was held and the treaty netted a simple majority but failed to get the necessary 2/3 majority by a count of 49 yes to 35 no's. As Wilson's term neared its end, he came up with one last proposal to unlock the deadlock . His great idea was an appeal to the people for a "solemn referendum" [DG] in the upcoming election. But to Harding's liking the public did not desire another high and mighty president. They had a desire for change and they were tired of professional highbrowism and constant sacrifice. So they chose Harding. The selection of Harding officially killed the League of Nations.

So who defeated the treaty? Every one was divided on the issue of the League of Nations and no one could agree. There was a split. [DI] But the main contribution to the defeat of the treaty was the feud between Lodge and Wilson. Along with the feud included traditionalism, isolationism, disillusionment and partisanship. Although the liberals and conservatives also pushed the tides, they were nothing compared to the personal feud which fueled the fire to end all negotiations of the treaty. But Wilson bears a reasonable amount of the blame because he asked for nothing, so therefore he got nothing. He had strangled his own palsied hands rather than let the senate straighten its crooked limbs.