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In line with the new structure of 21st Century Education System (SPN21), the Ministry of Education of Brunei Darussalam, in cooperation with the University of Cambridge International Examinations (CIE), will be introducing a new secondary mathematics curriculum in 2010, that is, the International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) Mathematics Syllabus Code 0580 (without coursework). The curriculum for IGCSE Mathematics consists of both the core and extended syllabus. The Scheme of work for both core and extended curriculum were developed by the Scheme of Work Committee comprising of 12 secondary Mathematics teachers nationwide. The schemes of works (SOW) are outlined in accordance to those obtained from CIE, and these SOWs only serve as a guideline for teachers who are going to teach IGCSE Mathematics for the years 2010 – 2012, and by no means are they being set. This means that teachers can adjust the time frame appropriate for their students’ pace and they can also make adjustment in the sequence of the topics to suit them best. A recommendation for the division of topics can be found on page 5. This Scheme of work is prepared for students who will follow the General Programme Extended Curriculum (3 years) for 2010 – 2012, and aimed at Year 8 students who performed averagely in Mathematics. Students who follow this Scheme of Work will sit for their exam in November 2012. This Scheme of Work focus on enhancing their previous knowledge as well as introducing new topics such as Locus, Vectors, Probability, Congruency, Similarity, Symmetrical and Angle Properties in a circle, Non – isometric Transformations, understanding of the Mathematics concepts. The suggested activities will make teachers’ teaching and students’ learning more related to real life situation. These activities will also provide enough practice for students to apply their understanding of mathematics concepts as well as helping them to develop Mathematical skills which will be very useful in everyday life. The suggested websites enable teachers to get extra exposure besides the use of textbooks and reference books (see page 7). Students will be sitting for two written papers: Paper 2 and Paper 4. Paper 2 consists of short - answer questions whereas Paper 4 consists of structured questions. Paper 2 contributes 35% of the total marks and Paper 4 contributes the remaining 65%. Students are eligible for the award of grades A* to E. Scatter Graphs, Meaning of positive, negative and zero correlation, etc. Therefore, this Scheme of work will enable them to have better
SYLLABUS AIMS for ICGSE MATHEMATICS (0580)
The aims of the extended curriculum are to enable the students to: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. develop their mathematical knowledge and oral, written and practical skills in a way which encourages confidence and provides satisfaction and enjoyment; read mathematics, and write and talk about the subject in a variety of ways; develop a feel for number, carry out calculations and understand the significance of the results obtained; apply mathematics in everyday situations and develop an understanding of the part which mathematics plays in the world around them; solve problems, present the solutions clearly, check and interpret the results; develop an understanding of mathematical principles; recognize when and how a situation may be represented mathematically, identify and interpret relevant factors and, where necessary, select an appropriate mathematical method to solve the problem; use mathematics as a means of communication with emphasis on the use of clear expression; develop an ability to apply mathematics in other subjects, particularly science and technology; develop the abilities to reason logically, to classify, to generalise and to prove; appreciate patterns and relationships in mathematics; produce and appreciate imaginative and creative work arising from mathematical ideas; develop their mathematical abilities by considering problems and conducting individual and co-operative enquiry and experiment, including extended pieces of work of a practical and investigative kind;
8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.
14. appreciate the interdependence of different branches of mathematics; 15. acquire a foundation appropriate to their further study of mathematics and of other disciplines.
ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVES for ICGSE MATHEMATICS (0580)
The syllabus has two assessment objectives: 1) Mathematical techniques Students should be able to: • organise, interpret and present information accurately in written, tabular, graphical and diagrammatic forms; • perform calculations by suitable methods; • use an electronic calculator and also perform some straightforward calculations without a calculator; • understand systems of measurement in everyday use and make use of them in the solution of problems; • estimate, approximate and work to degrees of accuracy appropriate to the context and convert between equivalent numerical forms; • use mathematical and other instruments to measure and to draw to an acceptable degree of accuracy; • interpret, transform and make appropriate use of mathematical statements expressed in words or symbols; • recognise and use spatial relationships in two and three dimensions, particularly in solving problems; • recall, apply and interpret mathematical knowledge in the context of everyday situations. 2) Applying mathematical techniques to solve problems Students should be able to: • • • • • • make logical deductions from given mathematical data; recognise patterns and structures in a variety of situations, and form generalisations; respond to a problem relating to a relatively unstructured situation by translating it into an appropriately structured form; analyse a problem, select a suitable strategy and apply an appropriate technique to obtain its solution; apply combinations of mathematical skills and techniques in problem solving; set out mathematical work, including the solution of problems, in a logical and clear form using appropriate symbols and terminology.
ICGSE EXTENDED MATHEMATICS (0580) EXAMINATION & WEIGHTINGS
The grades available for extended curriculum are: A*, A, B, C, D and E
The compositions of the papers are as follows: Paper No. Paper 2 Duration of exam No. of questions Type of questions 1½ hours About 20 to 22 questions Short-answer questions Paper 4 2½ hours About 9 to 10 questions Structured questions
Candidates should answer each question in the provided working space on question paper. Total Marks Total Weighting 70 marks Weighting: 35% 130 marks Weighting: 65%
The relationship between the assessment objectives and the scheme of assessment is as follows:
Paper 2 (marks) Mathematical techniques Applying mathematical techniques to solve problems 28–35 35–42 Paper 4 (marks) 52–65 65–78
Extended Assessment Mathematical techniques Applying mathematical techniques to solve problems 40% – 50% 50% – 60%
The relationship between the main topic areas of Mathematics and the assessment is tabulated below. The questions are set with reference to Assessment Objectives and are set across a range of grades. The topics for the structured papers are set first. Balance is maintained across the four areas of Number, Algebra, Shape and Space and Statistics and Probability. Number Papers 2 & 4 15–20% Algebra 35-40% Space & Shape 30–35% Statistics & Probability 10–15%
Grading for Extended Curriculum of the IGCSE Mathematics
For grading purposes on examinations, however, a numerical scale is used, based on the student’s raw mark in the examination. This can vary slightly from session to session but the table gives a general picture of where the grade boundaries are set.
Although there can be variations from session to session, these figures can be taken as a rough guide. GRADES EXTENDED A* 85 A 70 – 75 B 60 C 45 D 35 E 25
An Example of a Rough Division of Topics for IGCSE Mathematics
Terms 1 and 2 of Year 9: Number No. system, Powers roots, Reciprocals, Indices, Directed numbers, Fractions, Decimals, Standard Form, Percentages, Reverse % Terms 3 and 4 of Year 9: Number Sets, Rounding, Estimating, Limits of accuracy Algebra Patterns & sequence, Rearrange formulae, Solve equations, Algebraic Indices. Shape and Space Congruency, Similarity, Symmetry, Basic trigonometry, Angle properties (polygons) Handling Data Basic probability, Relative frequency Algebra Substitution, Simplifying expressions, Expand, Factorise Shape and Space Geometrical terms, Constructions, Maps & Scale Drawing, Pythagoras Theorem Handling Data Collect, Classify & Represent data, Bar chart, Histogram, Pie chart, Central tendency, Range
Terms 1 and 2 of Year 10: Number Ratios, Direct & Inverse Proportion, Simple & Compound Interest Algebra Algebraic fractions, Simultaneous equations, Quadratic equations Shape and Space Sine & cosine rules Area of triangle Circle properties, Arc length, sector area, segments Handling Data Histograms with unequal intervals, Frequency density, Estimate Median
Terms 3 and 4 of Year 10: Number Practical graphs Algebra Functions, Linear graphs, Direct and inverse proportion Shape and Space 3-D trigonometry, Length, area, volume (nets of solids), Locus of points Handling Data Percentiles, Quartiles Interquartile range, Probability, Tree diagrams
Terms 1 and 2 of Year 11: Number Algebra Linear programming, Shape and Space Matrices, Vectors, 5 Handling Data Mean for grouped data,
Quadratic cubic graphs, Gradients and tangents
Transformations, Matrix transformations
Identify modal class
Note that terms 3 and 4 of Year 11 is non-existent as the time should be devoted to revision and sitting of the exams.
List of textbooks recommended for IGCSE Mathematics (0580)
1. Core Mathematics for IGCSE David Rayner 2. Extended Mathematics for IGCSE David Rayner 3. Mathematics: IGCSE (Cambridge International Examination) Karen Morrison 4. Cambridge IGCSE Mathematics Paul Metcalf 5. Core Mathematics for IGCSE Pimentel, R & Wall, T 6. IGCSE Mathematics Pimentel, R & Wall, T 7. Longman Mathematics for IGCSE: Book 1 & 2 D turner, I Potts, W Waite, and V Horny 8. Mathematics Revision Guide: IGCSE (Cambridge International Examinations) Martin Law 9. REVISE IGCSE MATHEMATICS: Complete Study and Revision Guide
Patmore, Seager 10. IGCSE Revision Guide for Mathematics Brian Seager
CIE – endorsed Textbooks:
CIE – endorsed Revision Guides:
Pimentel and Wall Rayner Morrison Metcalf
Brian Seager (editor)
6 Patmore and Seager
List of some useful websites for Mathematics teachers
www.cie.org.uk http://teachers.cie.org.uk http://www.learncie.org.uk http://www.cambridgestudents.org.uk www.mymaths.co.uk http://www.emaths.co.uk/ http://www.waldomaths.com/ http://www.supermathsworld.com/ www.cimt.plymouth.ac.uk http://lgfl.skoool.co.uk www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/maths www.censusatschool.ntu.ac.uk www.puzzles.com http://nlvm.use.edu/en/nav/library.html www.teachernet.gov.uk www.mathsrevision.net www.scottkim.com www.puzzlemaker.com www.risps.net www.mathsnet.net www.nrich.maths.org www.colinseducation.com www.topmarks.co.uk www.algebasics.com www.mathsisfun.com http://gwrdir.demon.co.uk/jo/solid/index.htm www.teachers.tv www.s-cool.co.uk www.skool.co.uk http://www.standards.dfes.gov.uk/keystage3/respub/afl_ws http://www.gcse.com http://www.mathsonline.co.nz http://www.revisioncentral.co.uk/gcse/maths 7
http://www.pbs.org/teachers/mathline/concepts/moremathconcepts.shtm http://homepage.ntlworld.com/jontreby/Personal/mathsLinks.htm#Investigations http://www.ex.ac.uk/cimt/welcome.html http://www.ex.ac.uk/cimt/mep/index.htm http://matti.usu.edu/nlvm/nav/vlibrary.html
www.cie.org.uk CIE main site CIE Teachers Support website CIE Learn website CIE Cambridge Students website BBC-GCSE bitesize-Maths Maths Enhancement Program IGCSE Maths Training Workshop IGCSE Maths 2011 Syllabus
GCSE MATHEMATICS SCHEME OF WORK COMMITTEE (2009)
No. Name 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Ang Him To Hjh Marinah Hj Tengah Hjh Suraizawati Hj Samat Rianiza Ivanty Hj Momin Siti Fatinah Zuhairah Hj Ismail Mohd Shardy Narudin Sia Ai Kim Rina Ajak Maswardy Masle Md Josseryn Hj Mohsin 8 School SM Menglait, Gadong Maktab SOAS SMJA STPRI SM Sayyidina Abu Bakar SMPDSM, Menteri SM Sayyidina Hassan SM Menglait, Gadong SM Muda Hashim SM RIPAS
Azraie Hj Akop Abd Nafri Hj Hussin
SM Tanjong Maya SM Sultan Sharif Ali
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