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BTEC 2012

Unit 1 – The Online World

Name: Alex Pippard

Lesson 10 – Data Exchange 2
(Student Book B – Pg 14 - 16)

Starter – Explain the different between simplex, half duplex and duplex communications
Simplex: A radio broadcast is a good example of simplex transmission.
Half-duplex transmission: allows two-way transmissions but the devices don’t
At the same time.
Full duplex transmission: allows 2 people to talk to each other at the same
time, E.G skype or on the phone
1. Explain what serial and parallel transmissions are.



Bits are transmitted one at a time
over a single wire/channel. This
reduces the cost of the cable, but
gives a slower rate of data transfer

In parallel transmission, a number of
bits of data are transmitted
simultaneously over
an equal number of wires/channels

2. What is bi-directional transmission?
Bi-directional transmission has several meanings within data communication, but it
is essentially about transmitting in both directions. Most recently the term has
been applied to fibre optics.
Client side processing is the use of a scripting language to create code on web pages which provide
interactivity. An example of this is a rollover action; this is where some code is triggered when your
mouse is moved over a particular part of the web page.
3. What are the benefits of client side processing?
Speed and security
4. What are the disadvantages of client side processing?
It is browser specific



BTEC 2012
Unit 1 – The Online World

Name: Alex Pippard

Server-side processing involves the use of scripts which reside and are run on another computer on the
internet (the web server). Information is submitted to a server which processes it to provide results in the
form of a web page. A good example of server-side processing is the submission of a search through a
search engine. The search engine matches the word or phrase against an index of website content on
the web server using scripts
5. What are the benefits of server side processing?
Efficiency, browser independent, speed
6. What are the disadvantages of server side processing?
security and overloading

6. Explain what USB is and what it is commonly used for.
A higher speed serial connection standard that supports low-speed devices (e.g. mice,

Plenary – Explain the differences between client and server side processing.
Client-side processing
interaction between a web page and code occurs directly ona computer being used by a user
Server-side processing
interaction between a web page and a computer is processed through a server