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The Odyssey

Eng. 9A

Purpose of an
Argumentative Essay
The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that
requires the student to investigate a topic; collect,
generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a
position on the topic in a concise manner.

Take a stand on whether or not
Odysseus fulfills the requirements of an
Epic Hero:
• Is Odysseus a hero? Why or why


Constructing a Claim
 It is an arguable statement
 It is a complete sentence that expresses your
position/opinion on a given topic

 It narrows down your topic to a specific, single focus
of investigation

 It establishes a direction for your entire essay
 It does NOT include any personal pronouns

Statement of Order
 The “road map” of your essay

 Claim __1st paragraph topic__, __2nd paragraph
topic__, and __3rd paragraph topic__.

 In Homer’s The Odyssey, Odysseus is a hero because
he is intelligent, brave, and courageous.

 Although traditionally known as an Epic Hero,
Odysseus is not heroic because he is lazy, boastful,
and cowardly.

Introductory Paragraphs
 Hook

Shocking statement

 Give short and concise background on the
characteristics of an Epic Hero and The Odyssey
(critical context)

 Include the title and the author of the text
 State your claim and statement of order

Topic Sentences
Every paragraph should include a topic
sentence that identifies the main idea of the

Citing Textual Evidence
 Sandwich Analogy
 Claim- “Odysseus is
brave when he goes
into The Underworld”
(top bun)
 Quotation/Specific
Example that backs up
your claim (the meat)
 Analysis (bottom bun)

Integrating Quotes
 Odysseus explains, “_____________”

 Odysseus proclaims, “_____________”
 Odysseus laments, “_____________”
 Odysseus says, “_____________”
 Homer tells, “_____________”
 Homer explains, “_____________”

Types of Evidence
 Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow
segment of the source. They must match the source document
word for word and must be attributed to the original author.

 Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material
into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the
original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the
original passage, taking a somewhat broader segment of the
source and condensing it slightly.

 Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own
words, including only the main point(s). Once again, it is
necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source.
Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a
broad overview of the source material.

Transitional Sentences
Transitions should
wrap up the idea from
the previous section
and introduce the idea
that is to follow in the
next section.

 moreover
 as well as
 together with
 of course
 likewise
 comparatively
 correspondingly
 similarly

 furthermore
 additionally

Rebuttal Paragraph
 The rebuttal paragraph shows your readers that you’re being

fair, that you’ve carefully thought about both sides of a debate
before making up your mind.

 Introduce the Opposing Argument
 One could say...
One may argue that...

 Acknowledge parts of the opposition that are valid (briefly)
 Counter the Argument
 Nevertheless,

 Give strong evidence to support your counterargument
Rebuttal needs to be strong and convincing to show your claim is

 Restate why the topic is important

 Review the main points of your essay
 Restate your claim
 End with:
 Include a brief summary of the paper's main points
 Use a quotation
 Evoke a vivid image
 Call for some sort of action
 End with a warning
 Universalize (compare to other situations)
 Suggest results or consequences

MLA Formatting
 Title
 Creative
 Relevant
 It should NOT be “The Odyssey Argumentative Essay”

 Citation (Author Line-Line)

 Proper MLA Heading
 Name
Instructor’s Name (Ms. Dombrow)
Class (Eng. 9A)