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# List of Physical Constants

Name

Symbol

Value

Gravitational Acceleration

9.8 m/s

Mass of Earth

Me

5.971024kg

Boltzmann constant

k=R/ NA

1.38110

-23

J/K

23

NA

6.0210 molecules/mol

## Universal gas constant

8.314 J/mol K

Absolute zero

0K

273.15C

Mass of electron

me

9.1110-31 kg

Mass of proton

mp

1.67310-27 kg
-27

1
2

1.67510

3108 m/s

Permeability of vacuum

4 107 T m A

Permittivity of vacuum

0 = 1 ( 0 c 2 )

8.854 1012 C 2 (N m 2 )

Coulomb constant

k = 1 (4 0 )

8.99 109 N m 2 C2

1.6 1019 C

Electron volt

1.6 10

1 eV

kg

| |

,
,

N m kg

,
1
2

,
| | sin

1
2

1
2

## Thin cylindrical shell

Hollow cylinder

List of Formulae

Rectangular plate

Linear Motion

,
1
2
2

lim

,
tan

lim

1
2

cos

2
sin
2

1
2

,
sin 2

Solid sphere

1
2

## Solid cylinder or disc

Part 1: Mechanics

Rotational Motion

19

mn

6.67 10

## Speed of light in vacuum

1
2

Mass of neutron

11

| | cos

Gravitational constant

1
12

1
12
1
3
2
3
2
5

## Part 2: Energy System and Thermodynamics

W = W

xf

W = Fx dx ,

W = W

ext

ext

xi

(F dr )
r

xf

xi

( F )dx

r
Fs = Fx i = -k x i

U g = mgy ,

ext

Ws =

xf

xi

forces

Wext = K f K i = K

W = W

1 2
kx ,
2

US =

xf

xi

r r
F dr ,

, PV = N k B T

cos

;U

constant ,

Algebra

where

Trigonometric Identities

.

| || | cos

| || | sin

;
|

| |

| |

| |

tan

sin

sin

cos

cos sec
1

sec

;
0;

tan

cosec

cos where

cot

180

## Derivatives / Integrals (An arbitrary constant should be added to each integral)

sin

cos

cos

sin

tan

sec

sin

cos

sin cot

&

cos cosec

ln

ln

ln

Part 4: Mathematics

3
1
3
K total = N mo v 2 = N k BT = N RT
,
2
2
2
,
,

E mech = K + U

## E system = K + U + E int = T = W + Q + TMW + TMT + TET + TER

( kx ) dx = 1 kxi2 1 kx 2f
2

ln

tan