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CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA

NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

c th nhanh chng nm bt c cch s dng pht huy


ti a cc tnh nng ca sn phm nhm t c hiu qu nh
mong mun, ngi s dng trc tin phi c k hng dn ny.

Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh


in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

1/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


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MC LC
Trang
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
VI.

Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh


in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

2/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

TNG QUAN

1. LI NI U
L hi NAPOLY vi hiu sut cao, thit k theo phong cch hin i, m bo nhng i hi
kht khe ca hu ht cc tiu chun v hiu sut, nng sut v an ton...
L hi NAPOLY c sn sut vi cng ngh mi nht, thit b hin i nht kt hp vi
nng lc v trnh cao ca cc k s v cng nhn.
Hiu sut ca l hi NAPOLY khng ch ph thuc vo s linh hot v s hiu bit ca bn
thn bn v cc b phn ca n m cn phc thuc vo cng ngh lp t, qu trnh hot
ng v bo tr l hi.
Hiu sut ca l hi NAPOLY t c cao nht khi m bo c y cc iu kin c
nhng nhn vin lnh ngh c tuyn dng lm vic c hiu qu i vi nhng ch dn
trong vic lp t, vn hnh v bo tr ca l hi.
Ch dn ny s gip cho vic lp t v vn hnh l hi ca bn mt cch an ton, gim bt
c cng vic sa cha v dn ti gim chi ph mt mc nht nh.
Hy vng sau nhiu nm l hi ny vn hot ng tt v mang li hiu qu cao nht cho bn.
Cm n bn la chn l hi NAPOLY.

2. C TNH K THUT CA L HI.

M hiu:

NAP - 10000.CC

Cng sut hi:

10.000 kg hi/h

Kiu l hi:

T hp ng nc, ng l, ng la, 3 pass.

p sut thit k:

10 kg/cm2

p sut lm vic Max.:

10 kg/cm2

p sut th thu lc:

15 kg/cm2

Nhit hi bo ho:

1840 C

Hiu sut l hi:

80 % 2

Nhit nc cp:

900 C.

Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh


in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

3/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

Ngun in s dng:

380 VAC 3 pha 50Hz.

GII THIU CHUNG

1. CNG NGH L HI BUNG T XOY KIU CYCLON


y l mt cng ngh t hin i c ng dng trn th gii vi nhng l hi c cng
sut trung bnh v ln.
Nhin liu t kho cha, qua h thng vn chuyn nhin liu (bng bng ti hoc vt ti)
c cp ln phu cha trung gian. T y, nhin liu, bng t trng ca mnh dch chuyn
xung di, qua van cp liu c iu khin khng ch lng nhin liu cung cp vo
bung t ph hp vi ph ti ca l hi. Nhin liu sau khi qua van cp liu c qut cp
liu thi vo theo phng tip tuyn vi bung t.
Gi cp mt c thi vo theo phng tip tuyn vi bung t, h tr to chuyn dng
xoy cho cc ht nhin liu trong bung t. ng thi cung cp khng kh cho qu trnh
chy ca nhin liu.
Sau khi nhin liu chy trong bung t xoy, tro v mt phn nh cc ht nhin liu cha
chy ht c cun vo bung chy kit. Ti y nhin liu c chy hon ton gip nng
cao hiu sut chy ca l hi.
Mt phn x s c thu pha di ghi ca bung chy kit, mt phn tro bay s c thu
trn ng khi bng Cyclon v b kh bi kiu t.
Khi sau khi qua cc h thng lc bi s m bo sch v thot ra ngoi mi trng qua
ng khi.

2. TNG QUAN V L HI T A NHIN LIU, BUNG T XOY CYCLON


L hi t a nhin liu, bung t xoy Cyclon l loi t hp gm bung t xoy cyclon,
bung chy kit, cm i lu 3 pass, tun hon t nhin.
Bung t xoy Cyclon c cu to bi lp bng gch chu la v bng thu tinh ngn
chn s tht thot nhit ra ngoi mi trng cng nh m bo nhit th bung t v hiu
sut ca l, to iu kin lm vic an ton ca cng nhn vn hnh quanh l.
Kt cu chnh ca cm sinh hi gm c:

Dn ng sinh hi gm c: 2 dn ng bc x bn, 1 dn ng bc x trc, 1 dn bc


x sau v 1 chm ng i lu gm 3 pass.
Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh
in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

4/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

Ton b cm sinh hi c trn b . H thng cp nhin liu v sn thao tc


cho php thc hin cc thao tc ti mi v tr cn thit.

Ngoi ra, l hi cn c trang b b sy khng kh nhm tn dng nhit ca khi nng


sy nng khng kh trc khi vo l hi gip nng cao hiu qu qu trnh chy cng nh
nng cao hiu sut ca l hi.
L hi c thit k vi 2 cp kh bi. Cp th nht cu to dng cyclon, cp th hai l b
dp bi bng nc gip kh bi trit cho khi l hi trc khi thot ra ngoi mi trng.

Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh


in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

5/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

CHUN B T NHM L

1.

V sinh sch cc v tr cp gi v cp nhin liu trong bung t xoy.

2.

V sinh sch bung t v hp thng gi qua ca y.

3.

Chun b nhin liu.

4.

Chun b ci, g tp, khong 30 kg cho ln u khi ng v khong 300 kg cho qu trnh
vn hnh tip theo.

5.

Chun b gi vn: khong 7 10kg cho ln u khi ng v khong 100 kg cho qu trnh
vn hnh tip theo ,

6.

Chun b du Diezel: khong 5 lt cho ln u khi ng v khong 50 lt cho qu trnh


vn hnh tip theo.

7.

Np ci, g tp, gi vn tm du diezel chun b vo bung t xoy cyclon t ca


trc bung t.

8.

Chm la vo bung t, duy tr cho lp gi chy u v ci, g tp bt chy.

Quan st bung la v dng trang nh san o ci, g tp chy u khp bung


t. Sau tin hnh m nh van gi qut ht ci, g tp chy mnh hn. Nu
ci, g tp cha chy u khp bung t th dng trang nh gt o nh nhin liu
t ch chy u sang ch cha chy lm cho khp bung t chy u.

Khi ng qut y v tin hnh m rt t t v nh van gi qut y ty theo mc


chy ca ci, g tp. Lc ny ci, g tp dn chy mnh lit ngn la c mu
sng hn trc nhit bung t tng dn. y l giai on cc k quan trng, phi
c bit ch lin tc quan st mu sc ca ngn la.

9.

Quan st nhit bung ln n nhit bt chy ca nhin liu th vn chit p cho


van cp nhin liu chy vi tc nh nht. Nhit bung t tip tc tng do ci, g
tp vn tip tc chy v nhin liu cng bt u bn chy, khi nhit bung t tng
cao th iu chnh tng dn p sut qut y, iu chnh tng ng van gi qut ht c
p lc bung t -2 -5mm ct nc. ng thi vi qu trnh tng dn tc cp nhin
liu tng dn nhit bung t. Lc ny l bt u chy n nh th kt thc qu trnh
iu khin cc van gi duy tr. T giai on ny ch c iu chnh tc cp nhin liu
khng ch qu trnh chy nhin liu trong bung t.

Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh


in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

6/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.
10.

Khi thy hi x ra qua van x kh (van hi ph), cho hi x x ht khng kh trong


khoang hi th ng van x kh li. Quan st ng h p lc, nu p sut l t n p
sut lm vic th tin hnh m van hi chnh ha hi cp cho sn xut.

VN HNH L HI

1. MC CH

Gip cho ngi s dng hiu c qu trnh vn hnh ca thit b.

Gip ngi dng trong vic khi ng v dng thit b.

a ra ch dn cho ngi dng duy tr nhng yu cu thng thng.

Gip cho ngi dng nh v mt cch chnh xc nhng khuyt im, bt c khi no
c bt c ci g xy ra v gip ngi dng x l mt cch chnh xc.

2. CH QUAN TRNG:
Nhng im sau y phi c lm theo mt cch chnh xc khi vn hnh l hi:

Phi m bo nhng yu cu ca nc cp khi cp cho l hi. Bt k s sai lch


no v phm cht ca nc c th dn n vi vn nghim trng trong qu trnh
vn hnh nguyn nhn l do lng ng cu bn

Khng bao gi xy ra tnh trng khng quan st c mc nc trong ng thu.

ng c ca qut / bm c ln p ng ti ( nhit lm vic) trnh lm cho


ng c b qu ti.

Khng vn hnh l hi di 50% ti khi s dn ti qu trnh xoy khng tn ti v


pht sinh mt s vn khc trong vn hnh.

3. NHNG CH DN TRONG QU TRNH VN HNH


Bt u khi ng cn lm cc bc sau:

Kim tra mc nc trong l hi.

Kim tra b cha nc mm m bo y.

Chn bm cp 1 hoc 2 vn hnh.

M vale x kh. Bt cng tc v tr cp nc. Bm cp s bt u khi ng v mc


nc bt u tng ln trong l hi. n bm cp s m. Sau n mc lm vic bm
cp s dng v n ny s tt.
Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh
in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

7/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


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ng van hi chnh.

ng vale khi ca qut ID&FD n mc ti thiu.

Kim tra v bo m rng tt c cc thit b khc iu kin hot ng tt.

cng tc quay vo v tr t l. Nu mc nc l thp ci bo ng s ku. cng


tc quay vo v tr cp nc cho n khi mc nc l .

Dn dn m thm van gi ID&FD tng qu trnh chy. M van gi qu mc c th


lm lnh bung t. Theo di qu trnh chy trong bung t.

iu kin khng i, ch b iu tc, v tr van gi, p sut gi v nhit tng ng


vi ph ti khc nhau.

4. DUY TR CHM SC L HI ANG VN HNH

Ngi vn hnh phi thc hin nghim ngt qui trnh, quy phm ban hnh trong khi
vn hnh l hi. Mi thng s k thut cn thit v tnh trng hot ng ca l hi phi
c ghi vo s theo di vn hnh lm c s cho vic nh ga ng ch tiu kinh t,
k thut nhm a l hi vo ch vn hnh ti u, cng nh tm gii php k thut
m bo tui th lu di cho l hi.

Ty theo mc mang ti ca l hi m iu chnh tc cp nhin liu cho ph hp,


khng l hi b tng p sut qu mc gy t dng l hoc tt nhit gy tt l. Hn
ch t l di 50% cng sut.

iu chnh p sut qut y duy tr qu trnh xoy nhin liu trong bung t xoy
cyclon, lun duy tr p sut bung t - 2 - 5mm ct nc.

Trong ca ngi vn hnh phi i kim tra ton b cc thit b thuc khu vc l ang vn
hnh kp thi pht hin nhng hin tng hot ng khng bnh thng ca chng
nh: Ting ku l, nng qu mc cc b, x h van, bch, rung ng bt thng. c
bit ch kim tra cc thit b bo ng v an ton ca l hi.

5. DNG L
Gi nguyn l ch vn hnh bnh thng v th t tin hnh cc thao tc sau y:

Dng cp nhin liu.

Tt qut y, qut cp liu, m hn cc ca xem la, m ht c van gi qut ht l


tip tc ngui i bng gi i lu t nhin. Bt cng tc bm cp nc.

ng van hi chnh, sau t t nh nhng m van x kh (van hi ph) h p sut


l hi v van x kh trng thi m trnh m trng thi m trnh to p lc
chn khng trong balng l hi khi nc trong l ngui i.
Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh
in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

8/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

Qu trnh chy ht nhin liu, lm ngui t nhin ca l hi n l khng t sinh hi


c na mt khong 30 pht. Lc ny cng tc ang bt nn nu mc nc l tt
xung di mc trung bnh bm cp s t chy cp nc b sung vo l hi.

cho bung t ngui hn i th tin hnh x y l hi, cc ng gp, cc ng thy ti


sng v cc p k. Qu trnh x y l hi v cc ng gp tin hnh cho n khi tng
lng cht rn ha tan trong nc l t hn 3500 ppm. Trong khi x y nu mc nc
trong l cn xung di mc trung bnh bm cp nc s t chy cp nc b xung
vo l. Tuy vy phi gim st cht ch m bo chc chn rng mc nc l lun
hin din trong ng thy trong sut qu trnh x y v khi x y xong phi mc nc
lm vic. Sau ngt cu dao chnh ct in hon ton khi t in.

nc trong l ngui xp x nhit mi trng th ng cht tt c cc van ca l hi


gm: Van hi chnh, van hi ph, van nc cp, cc van x y cc loi.

a ton b h thng cp nc gm cc bm, b, van, ng ng...vo trng thi


dng.

V sinh sch s ton b l hi v cc b phn ph tr. Kt thc qu trnh hot ng ca


l hi.

6. MT S C IM TRONG QU TRNH IU KHIN L HI ANG VN HNH.

a) Khng ch ng gi v khi.

Gi v khi nhit thp c t trng ln nn c th lm tng ti ca qut ht gy qu


ti khi m to van gi. V vy khi nhit bung t cn thp th khng c vn hnh
qut ht vi van gi m to v thao tc m van gi phi lm t t m bo an ton
cho qut. Lng gi cn thit cho s chy v khi la sinh ra t l thun vi khi lng
v s chy ca nhin liu. Ti nh mc ca cc ng c in c tnh ton cho ch
lm vic y ti ca l hi.

Qut y cp gi cho s chy ca nhin liu. Van gi ca n c iu chnh ph hp


vi lng nhin liu cp vo l duy tr nhit lm vic ti u ca bung t.

Qut ht c iu chnh ch duy tr p sut bung t lun trong khong t -25mm ct nc.

b) Khng ch nhin liu.

Lng nhin liu cp vo l c khng ch bng cch iu chnh tc cp nhin liu


sao cho ph hp vi mc mang ti ca l hi.

Khi thay i lng cp nhin liu trong mt khong rng th phi iu chnh mt cch
ph hp van gi qut ht, qut y duy tr trng thi ti u ca bung t.
Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh
in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

9/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.
c) Khng ch nhit khi.

B ch th v khng ch nhit khi gip ta bit c nhit hin hnh ca lung khi
v tc ng dng l khi nhit khi tng qu mc t ( trong khong 2803000C)
m bo an ton cho l hi ( dng tt c cc qut v b cp nhin liu),

Nhit khi tng qu mc c th do nc b cn hoc bung t chy qu mnh lit,


nhit bung t ln qu cao khng iu khin c. V vy khi nhit khi b tng
cao th phi dng l tm r nguyn nhn v khc phc xong mi c vn hnh l tr li.

d) Cng tc p sut hi.

Cng tc p sut hi c tc dng dng l khi p sut tng qu mc t.

T ng khi ng li l khi p sut l tt xung n mc t thp hn.

7. LU KHI VN HNH
chun b, mt cch thc t, kim tra mt cch cn thn ton b xung quanh l hi v
kim tra nhng im nh k sau:

Nc cp mm phi c kim tra sau mi 8h ca l hi vn hnh hoc thng xuyn


hn. Nu nc cp thy cng, nc mm phi c ti sinh ngay lp tc.

Khng c ting n qa mc t ng c ca qut hay ca bt k b phn chuyn ng


no khc.

Tt c cc van v ch ni l khng r r.

Khng c bt c b phn no ca l hi b un nng qu mc.

Bm cp ang lm vic trng thi on-off cng m bo chc nng ca cng tc iu


khin mc v n phi m bo rng lu lng nc thch hp c duy tr.

Kh thi t ng khi l bnh thng.

Khng c s pht tia in hay mt lin lc trong nhng mch in .

Tt c cc b iu khin v thit b an ton l ang hot ng y .

p sut hi v mc nc n nh phi c duy tr trong phm vi yu cu duy tr.

Khng c vic chy qu mc ca nhin liu trong bung t.

Vic x bn l hi mt cch u n. Tn xut x bn ph thuc vo cht lng ca


nc ang s dng cho l hi.

X bn trong cng tc iu khin mc v ng thu mi ln trong mt ca.

Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh


in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

10/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

X mt t nc cp ca b mi ln mt ca, loi b cu cn c th b lng xung.

Ghi li nhit khi thot.

Duy tr p sut bung t trong khong -2 -5 mm nc. iu chnh nh cnh hng


qut ID.

m bo nht khi thot l trong phm vi yu cu ca ti. Nu cao kim tra s


bm bn ca b mt truyn nhit hay vt cn li thot ca khi.

Kim tra v duy tr dng in trong ng c ca qut FD, ID , bm... trong phm vi gii
hn v c ghi trong s nht k vn hnh ca chng.

m bo rng khng c khng kh r r trong li ra ng khi.

m bo ng kch thc ca nhin liu. Khng c cc vt l nh ming kim loi, ...


trong nhin liu v khng c s hng hc my cp nhin liu khi vn hnh.

Kim tra v m bo rng khi hay b kh tro bay trong nh l hi c gii hn.

m bo rng tt c s hot ng ca l c ghi mt cch chnh xc trong s nht k


vn hnh bao gm c ho cht, x bn...

Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh


in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

11/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

BO TR L HI

Hiu sut ca l hi ph thuc rt nhiu vo vic bo tr l mang li. L hi, mi trng xung
quanh ca n, ng ng nc, phin lc v.v...nn c gi sch duy tr chnh xc lng
nc ti l hi cho s hot ng ca n t hiu sut cao.
d pht hin ra nhng sai hng v bit c nhng sai lch da vo nhng tiu chun
nh sn, t ch bnh thng, vic c thi im nhim v cn c ghi li v c
ch dn sau mi s bo dng ln v thay th cc b phn.
Vic duy tr s c ghi li vo s theo di hng ngy, hng tun, hng thng ...N rt cn
thit cho vic kim tra tt c cc b phn ca l hi c ang lm vic chnh xc khng.
Nhng vic kim tra s duy tr c ct i v tt nht l phi ghi li vo s nht k l hi
hot ng.

1. BN LIT K DUY TR THNG THNG


a.

Hng ngy.

Kim tra mm v PH ca nc khong 8h thng l.

Tin hnh x bn nh k. N ph thuc vo nc phn tch c cp, iu chnh


lng x bn mt cch lin tc.

b.

X bn ng thu.

Hng tun.

Kim tra li cht lng nc mm cp cho l hi.

Kim tra s lm vic ca bm cp nc.

m bo rng ng thu sch t trong v ngoi n mc c th nhn thy c trong


ng thu.

Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh


in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

12/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

Kim tra s lm vic b iu khin mc. m bo rng mc nc thp v cao c


iu khin chnh xc.

Kim tra s lm vic ca cc thit b ng ngt nc ch cn. M van x bn


ca l hi. Khi mc nc trong ng thu xung thp hn mc nc tiu chun
th s nghe c chung bo.

Kim tra s lm vic ca van an ton. Tng cng sa cha cng tc p sut hi.
ng van hi chnh v cc van khc ca l hi v cho php p sut hi tng. Van an
ton s m p sut t v p sut hi l hi s gim xung do van an ton c
m.

c.

Hng thng.

Tho nc b cha nc mm. Lm sch n t trong v thit b d tr nc


mm.

Tht cht hp ng lt ca bm nc nu cn.

Lm sch im tip xc ca rle. (Lu : khng c s dng giy rp.)

Vn li inh vt ni bt in n u cc, r le, ng c, b iu khin...

Kim tra hot ng ca van an ton.

M ca v lm sch ng. ng ca cn thn.

Khi l hi c t chy sau khi lm sch ng m bo rng khng c s r r


khng kh v khi.

d.

Nhit ng khi qu cao s ch ra rng ng phi c lm sch.

Na nm.

Kim tra iu kin bc cch nhit v sa cha n nu cn.

Kim tra tt c cc van cho cc k h v mi hn ca chng nu cn thit c th hn


li.

e.

Kim tra lng cht lm mm nc v lm cho n y p nu cn.

Tra du m cho bm nc, qut ID, FD

Hng nm.

Kim tra v sa cha lp cch nhit ca l hi nu cn.

Lm sch cc b v sn chng.

Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh


in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

13/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

Lm sch bn trong ng khi ra.

Bi du m cho cc ng c in.

Kim tra ng ng t bn ngoi cho tnh trng sch s v lm sch nu cn thit.

Tin hnh phn tch nc.

Kim tra iu kin sc y ca qut v bm nc v thay th chng nu cn.

2. VT LIU CHU LA

Kim tra iu kin ca vt liu chu la sau mi 6 thng cui. Kim tra thng xuyn
hn theo yu cu. Gch b v s c thay th ngay lp tc bng gch c hnh dng
ng vi gch v.

Trnh ca va p mnh ngn nga gch chu la khi v.

Trnh lung gi lnh lm l ngui i trnh mt nhit.

Kh r r qua vt cch nhit l nguyn nhn ca tn tht nhit. S r r khi quan st


thy th phi bt l li ngay.

3. S NHT K VN HNH

Ghi li nhng kim tra hng ngy v s bo qun vn hnh tt nh nhng kim tra
khc v s bo dng vn hnh phi c gi li trong mt quyn s vn hnh v
ngi vn hnh c trch nhim phi k hng ngy.

Tin hnh kim tra nh k bi cn b k thut cng phi c a vo s vn hnh.

Ngi vn hnh phi ghi chi tit nhng s thay i v nhit , p sut... khong
thi gian ngn (t nht l mi gi) trong s cng vi chi tit v ngy thng.

Cp trn ca ngi vn hnh phi lm cho anh ta nhn thc thy rng cui mi
tun vic vn hnh chnh xc v bo dng lp t l hi, cc vt v thit b ph
khc phi c ghi ch quyn l trnh vn hnh ny cng vi ch k v ngy thng
ca anh ta.

Cc xut trong nhng s vn hnh cn c duy tr mt cch cn thn v u


n, khi nu c bt k sai lch no t ga tr tiu chun/ thng thng cn phi
c ch v chm sc tc th, iu ny c th trnh c s hng my ln v
khng cn ngng nh my.

4. B PHN D PHNG

y l xut cho nhng b phn cn thit chc chn c th c gi trong kho d


tr trnh tnh hung do khng d bo c s hng hc, c bit nhng ni
Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh
in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

14/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.
xa cc chi nhnh c quan v khng d dng c th n gn trong khong thi gian
ngn.

Nu c bt k hng hc no th tt hn l thay th cc b phn thiu st v sa cha


cc b phn thiu st nu c th sa cha c lc nhn ri, cng nh s thay
th l cng nhanh v cng sm.

5. BO DNG KHI DNG L HI


Mc tiu l cung cp nhng thng tin quan trng v vic a hi ngng hot ng trong
khong thi gian di.
1. Nu l hi ngng vn hnh t 1 thng tr ln th s dng phng php bo
dng kh.
2. Nu l hi ngng vn hnh di 1 thng th s dng phng php bo dng
t.
a) Phng php bo dng kh:
1. Sau khi ngng vn hnh th tho ht nc trong l hi ra. M np ca ngi
chui trn 2 balng, m cc van, tho cc ca ca ng gp. V sinh cu cn bn
trong balng, cc dn ng, cc ng gp v t la sy kh (ch khng t la
to).

2. Dng 25 30kg vi sng c c ht t 10 30mm ng trong khay nhm v t


vo bn trong 2 balng. ng tt c cc ca cc van ca l li. C 3 thng kim
tra 1 ln, nu thy vi sng v thnh bt th thay mi.
b) Phng php bo dng t:
1. Sau khi ngng vn hnh l hi th tho ht nc trong l ra, ra sch v v sinh
cu cn trong l.
2. Cp y nc vo l v t l tng dn nhit nc l n 100 oC.
3. Khi t l phi m van x le hoc knh van an ton thot kh v l khng tng
p sut.
4. Ngng t l, ng van x le hoc van an ton li.

Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh


in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

15/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

QUY TRNH X L S C L HI

1. L hi b cn nc nghim trng:
a. Hin tng:

Nhn thy n tn hiu trn t iu khin trung tm, chung ku bo s c cn


nc nghim trng.

Nhn ng thu khng cn nc na, ch cn mt mu trng c ca hi.

C th nhn thy kim p k tng ln 1 cht, van an ton x hi.

b. Nguyn nhn:

Thit b t ng cp nc hng khng tc ng.

Do cng nhn khng theo di thng xuyn mc nc trn ng thu, khng cp


nc kp thi cho l hi.

Do van x y b h chy nc nhiu.

Do ba lng, ng sinh hi b x h nc thot ra ngoi m khng bit.

Do bm hng, h thng cp nc b tc, hay bm mt chn khng, nc khng


bm c vo l

Do ng nc ra ng thu b tc nn bo mc nc gi to.

c. Phng php x l:

Ct chung bo.
Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh
in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

16/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

Kim tra ng thu xem ng thu c b chy nc khng, sau tin hnh "gi
nc" theo quy trnh sau:

ng van hi ng thu;

M van x y ng thu thng ra ng nc;

ng van x ng thu, m li van ng hi;

Nu thy nc cn lp l mt y ng thu l cn c kh nng cung cp nc


vo l hi. Cng nhn vn hnh l s tip tc thao tc nh sau:
o

Tt ngay qut gi, ng cc ca iu tit gi, khi.

Gt cng tc bm sang pha iu chnh bng tay, n nt chy bm cp


nc vo l t t n mc 1/3 ng thu (ti thiu) ch nghe v theo di
xem c hin tng g khc thng, mc nc c tng khng, nu n nh
th sau 5 pht bm nc t t n mc trung bnh (1/2 ng thu) v cho
l lm vic bnh thng.

Nu "gi nc" 2 ln m khng thy nc lp l y ng thu th phi nhanh


chng dng l s c ngay lp tc. Tuyt i khng c cp nc vo l, trnh
t thao tc nh sau:
o

Ngng cp nhin liu khn cp.

Tt ngay qut gi, ng cc ca iu tit gi.

ng van hi chnh, nu p sut ln cao th c th knh van an ton


x bt hi ra ngoi gim p sut.

Sau 20 pht tt qut khi (qut ht), ng ca iu tit khi l ngui t


t.

2. L y nc nghim trng:
a. Hin tng:

Thy n tn hiu v chung bo y nc qu mc .

Thy ng thu ngp nc, ton thn ng thu l ct mu trng long lanh ca
nc.

p sut gim xung t t, kim p k gim i t.

C th nghe thy ting rung ng, thu kch ng ng.

b. Nguyn nhn:
Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh
in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

17/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

Do cng nhn khng theo di thng xuyn mc nc ng thu.

Thit b khng ch t ng cp nc hng (nc vt qu trn mc cao nht


nhng mch in khng ngt, bm vn chy cp nc vo l).

Do van cp nc b hng ng khng kn.

c. Phng php x l:

Ct chung

Thng ra ng thy theo quy trnh vn hnh hoc kim tra bng cch sau y:
o

ng van nc ca ng thy.

M van x ng thy, x ht nc trong ng thy ri ng li, m li van


ng nc.

Nu thy nc vn ngp ng thy th trnh t thao tc nh sau:


o

Gt cng tc bm sang pha iu chnh bng tay tt bm v ng cht


van cp nc vo l li.

Tin hnh x y l theo quy trnh vn hnh l nh ni trn, x n


mc 2/3 ng thy (mc ti a) th ngng. Tip tc quan st sau 3 pht, x
tip cho n mc trung bnh ri ngng hn.

ng van hi chnh, knh van an ton x hi ra ngoi.

Khi x l s c nn gim bt ch chy trong bung t n khi n


nh, m van hi chnh cp cho sn xut cho l vn hnh bnh thng.

3. Thng hoc n ng sinh hi:


a. Hin tng:

Thy hi nc phun xung bung t.

Mc nc ng thy gim xung nhanh.

C th nghe thy ting ng trong l.

b. Nguyn nhn:

Do cht lng nc cp khng ng yu cu, nhiu cn bm vo thnh ng.

Tun hon nc trong l b o ln, b ph hoi, bo n ng gp b ph hu.

L hi vn hnh m ng b t nng khng ng u (gi lnh lt vo bung t)


hay thu nhit khng u.
Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh
in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

18/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

Do ng tro kt x thnh ng nhiu, ng b bo mn.

Vn hnh l khng ng quy trnh, t l qu vi, p sut l thay i lin tc, l b


cn nc, cng sut l b thay i lin tc, dng l cho l ngui qu nhanh.

Do cht lng ng khng tt.

Cn nc nhiu m khng x y.

c. Phng php x l:

Ngng l s c.

Nu ng sinh hi b v qu to lng nc cp vo khng bng lng nc thot


ra th khng cp nc vo l na.

Nhanh chng tm bin php thay th, sa cha a l vo sn xut.

4. X h cc b phn chu p lc:


a. Hin tng:

Nghe c ting rt ca hi x ra mnh

b. Nguyn nhn:

Do cht lng ch to, sa cha, lp rp khng m bo.

Do gi lnh la vo nhiu lm rn nt kim loi.

Do cht lng nc khng tt gy n mn cc b, bin dng kim loi sinh ra rn


nt, cn nc, cong ng.

c. Phng php x l:

Nu cc van, bch x h nh th ch theo di n k sa cha gn nht thay th


v cha. Nu x to th h p sut xung P = 0 kG/cm2

Nu x h cc b phn p lc th phi ngng l s c khc phc.

5. Hng ng thy v p k:
a. Hin tng:

Nghe thy ting n.

Hi v nc phun ra.

b. Nguyn nhn:

Do ng thy, p k b nng lnh t ngt hoc va p vt cng vo.


Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh
in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

19/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

Do ng thy b lch tm, lc lp rp cc rc-co xit cht qu, ng thy khng c


ch gin n.

Do trong qu trnh lm vic ng thy b mi mn.

c. Phng php x l:

Nu hng nng ng thy hoc p k khng c ci thay th cho dng l bnh


thng.

Nu p k b v tung mt knh ra . Kim p k b rung ng nhiu, bin ng rung


ng ln hn 0,5 kG/cm2, ch khng chnh xc hoc khng tr v khng khi
khng c p sut th phi thay mi. Trnh t thao tc nh sau:
o

Vn van ba ng x nc ng trong p k ra.

Kha hi ra p k thay ci mi vo.

H m van ba ng sy p k 5 pht, m van ba ng ht cho p k lm


vic tr li.

Giong tt x h mnh th phi thay giong tt mi.

Knh m hoc nt nh th ch n k tu sa gn nht s thay th.

Xit li cc rc-co ca ng thy cho u tay, nu knh b v th phi ngng l


thay knh hoc ng thy mi.

6. Cm van cp nc hng:
a. Hin tng:

Nc nng tr li bm.

Bm chy nhng khng thy nc vo l.

b. Nguyn nhn:

Do nc cp c nhiu tp cht lm mi mn clap-p v bc van nn ng van


khng kn.

Do clap-p van 1 chiu b kt cng bm nc khng vo l.

c. Phng php x l:

Nu cm van hng nh, nc r ra t th cho l lm vic n k sa cha gn


nht di 1 thng. Nu nc nng tr li bm th khi chy bm phi x nc
nng ra trc.

Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh


in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

20/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

Trng hp van hng nng nc khng vo l c phi ngng l s c kp thi


thay th sa cha ngay.

7. Van x y hng:

a. Hin tng :

Sau khi x, ng cht van vn thy nc r ra.

Nc x mnh van x y, mc nc ng thy gim.

Khi m van x nhng nc khng ra.

b. Nguyn nhn:

Do clap-p b mn, ng khng kn.

Do ty van b gy, cong, tt chn b mn ht.

Do cn nc bm vo nhiu lm tc van.

c. Phng php x l:

ng tht cht van, xem nc cn r khng nu nc cn r th ngng l s c.

Nu van x hng nng, th ng van chn thay van x.

Nu van b tc th ngng l bnh thng sa cha.

Trng hp cm van b x h nh th phi theo di tnh hnh lm vic ca van n


k sa cha gn nht nhng khng qu 1 thng.

8. St tng l, ri gch chu la, bo n hng:


a. Hin tng

Nghe ting ng ca gch ri xung bung la.

Bo n b bung ra, tng l nt rn ln.

b. Nguyn nhn:

Do xy lp khng ng quy chun, cc g c ca cc cun gch b gy.

Cc b phn ca l b gin n lm rn nt tng bo n.

Do bo n lu qu b hng.

c. Phng php x l:

Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh


in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

21/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

Nu tng l, cun l, bo n b hng nh khng lm l khung , ng nc


xung, ng gp th vn tip tc chy l n k sa cha gn nht phi tu sa li
(nhng khng lu qu 1 thng).

Nu hng l cc khung , ng gp, ng nc xung... th phi ngng l s


c sa cha.

9. Cc bm cp nc b hng:
a. Hin tng:

ng in nhng bm khng chy

M hi nhng bm hi khng chy trong khi p lc ca l cao.

Bm chy nhng nc khng vo l.

b. Nguyn nhn :

i vi bm in: do hng ng in, mt pha hoc l? do khc

i vi bm hi:

p sut hi vo bm hi thp qu, tay bin nm im cht.

Tt b h, ngn ko iu chnh khng ng quy nh

Bm kh du hay nht du khng ng quy nh

c. Phng php x l:

i vi bm in: bo ngay cho th in n sa cha.

i vi bm hi: nu thiu du th b sung ngay, x ht nc ng trong xi lanh


hi, iu chnh cho tay bm qua im cht.

10. Qut b hng:


a. Hin tng :

ng in nhng ng c khng chy.

Qut lm vic nhng khng c gi.

C ting va p trong thn qut.

b. Nguyn nhn:

in vo ng c thiu pha.

ng dn gi b thng, tc.
Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh
in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

22/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

Cnh qut b hng.

cu cng cnh qut b hng hoc b long

Nhit khi qu cao cnh qut b bin dng.

c. Phng php x l:

Ct in bo cho th in n sa cha.

Kim tra h thng dn gi, khi

Kim tra cnh qut, v qut nu b cong vnh th phi khc phc.

Kim tra cc ca iu tit gi, khi m ht cha.

Trng hp qut gi qut khi h hng nng khng th sa cha tc thi c


th ngng l bnh thng tin hnh sa cha.

CC QUY NH CHUNG

L phi ngng vn hnh ngay sa cha t xut nu c hin tng h hng


cc b phn chu p lc ca l hi gy nguy c tai nn nghim trng.

Ht hn s dng vn hnh l hi (theo gip php ca Thanh tra k thut an ton


lao ng) phi ngng vn hnh l tin hnh kim tra, sa cha v ng kim
s dng tip.

Vic sa cha va v ln l hi phi do cc c nhn v n v c php l nh


nc cng nhn v phi tun th theo ng quy phm k thut an ton l hi
hin hnh.
Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh
in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

23/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.

Khi gp cc s c khng khc phc c th ngh lin h vi nh cung cp l


hi.

Mi s c v khc phc s c phi ghi vo nht k vn hnh.

Vic thay i kt cu v nguyn l lm vic ca l hi phi c nh cung cp l


hi chp thun. Nu c s s dng t thay i th mi trch nhim thuc v c
s .

phc v khch hng ngy cng tt hn,


Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh
in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

24/25

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


NaPoLy Co., Ltd.
chng ti rt mong mun nhn c nhiu hn na cc kin ng gp qu gi
t pha khch hng

CNG TY TNHH BCH KHOA QUC GIA


(Napoly Co., Ltd.)

Vn phng: 531 - in Bin Ph, Phng 3, Qun 3, TP H Ch Minh


in thoi: (084) 8 3833 6792; Fax: (084) 8 3833 6791; Hotline: 0913 202 414
Nh my ch to: p Tn Long, Tn ng Hip, D An, Bnh Dng
in thoi: 0650. 374 1299
Fax: 0650. 372 7119; Hotline: 0915 2468 19
Website: www.napoly.com.vn ; Email: bachkhoaquocgia@vnn.vn

25/25