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Name

Class

10-3

Date

Slope and Rate of Change


Connection: Unit Rate

Essential question: How can you use tables and graphs to identify the unit rate?
Recall that a unit rate is a rate in which the bottom term is one unit. For
55 miles
is a unit rate that can be written as 55 miles per hour.
example, _______

video tutor

1 hour

CC.6.RP.3

EXPLORE

Using a Table to Find the Unit Rate

Jameer pays $112 for 4 golf lessons. The table shows the amount Jameer
pays for various numbers of lessons.
Cost (dollars)
Number of lessons
A

56
1

112
4

Use equivalent ratios to find the cost for 1 lesson.

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112

= _____

___________
1
4
B

What is the relationship between the cost and the number of lessons?

Write this relationship as a unit rate.

Each time the number of lessons increases by 1, the cost increases by

Use the unit rate to complete the table.

How would you find the cost of 10 lessons? What is the cost?

REFLECT
1. What If Suppose the golf instructor tells Jameer that she is increasing her rate by $4.
How can Jameer find the new cost for 4 lessons? What is this cost?

Chapter 10

447

Lesson 3

CC.6.RP.3a

EXPLORE

Using a Graph to Find the Unit Rate


Swimming Pool Filtration Pump
Amount of Water Pumped
(100s of gallons)

At the Riley Park swimming pool, the filtration


unit filters the water and pumps it back into the
pool at a constant rate per hour.
The graph shows the amount of water
(in 100s of gallons) pumped from the time the
pump is turned on.

120 y
96
72
48
24
0

x
0

2
4
6
8
10 12 14
Hours Since Pump Was Turned On

On the graph, y-values represent


and x-values represent

Use the graph to find the number of gallons for 1 hour.

The unit rate is __________________

Each time the number of hours increases by 1, the amount of water

1 hour

increases by
E

Use the graph to complete the table.

Water pumped
(100s of gallons)
Hours since pump
was turned on

36
1

60

Describe the pattern shown in the graph.

How does this pattern relate to the unit rate?

Chapter 10

448

10
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96

Lesson 3

10-3

Name ________________________________________
Name
ClassDate __________________
Date Class __________________
Chapter

Functions

Additional
Practice
Practice B: Slope
and Rate of Change
The table shows the amount Rodrick earns for mowing various
numbers of lawns. Use the table for Exercises 17.
30

Money earned ($)


Number of lawns

45

75
4

1. How much does Rodrick earn for mowing one lawn?


_________________________________________________________________________________________

2. What is the relationship between the amount of money Rodrick earns and the
number of lawns?
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

3. Write the relationship described in Exercise 2 as a unit rate.


_________________________________________________________________________________________

4. How much does the amount of money Rodrick earns increase each time the
number of lawns increases by 1?

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_________________________________________________________________________________________

5. Use the unit rate to complete the table.


6. How many lawns must Rodrick mow to earn $180?
_________________________________________________________________________________________

7. One month, Rodrick mowed 8 lawns. How much did he earn that month?
_________________________________________________________________________________________

Original content Copyright by Holt McDougal. Additions and changes to the original content are the responsibility of the instructor.

Chapter 10

63

449

Holt McDougal Mathematics

Practice and Problem Solving

Name ________________________________________ Date __________________ Class __________________

Functions

Problem
ProblemSolving
Solving: Slope and Rate of Change
Chapter

The graph shows the amount of time it took a racecar driver to


make several laps around a track at a constant speed. Use the
graph for Exercises 15.
1. How many seconds does it take the
racecar driver to make one lap?
________________________________________

2. Write the relationship between the


number of seconds and the number of
laps as a unit rate.
________________________________________

3. How much does the number of


seconds increase each time the
number of laps increases by 1?
________________________________________

Choose the letter of the best answer.


4. At this rate, how many laps will the
racecar driver complete in 6
minutes?

5. How long would it take the racecar


driver to complete 30 laps at this
rate?
F 1 minute

B 10 laps

G 300 seconds

C 12 laps

H 600 seconds

D 180 laps

J 15 minutes

Original content Copyright by Holt McDougal. Additions and changes to the original content are the responsibility of the instructor.

Chapter 10

63

450

Holt McDougal Mathematics

Practice and Problem Solving

Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

A 2 laps