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EEEB283 Electrical Machines and Drives Checklist for Chapter 6

Checklist for Chapter 6: Synchronous Motors

Must be able to draw the equivalent circuit, phasor diagram and field
diagram of the SM and able to explain how it differs to that of a SG.
Must be able to plot the torque-speed curve of the SM and calculate
its speed regulation (SR).
SR

no load speed - full load speed


100%
full load speed

Must know what happens if Tload exceeds Tmax (Hint: slipping poles)
Must know what happens when load changes (assuming no change in IF):
o What happens to E , , I and power factor angle?
o Does the output power remain constant?
o How is this change reflected in the phasor diagram?
A

Must know what happens when IF changes (assuming no change in load):


o What happens to E , , I and power factor angle?
o Does the input power remain constant?
o How is this change reflected in the phasor diagram?
o Is reactive power Q being supplied or consumed?
A

Must know what are the properties of an underexcited and


overexcited motor.
Must know how a SM provides power factor correction and how to
calculate the new PF in a power system containing lagging loads and a
SM.
Must know why a SM cannot start by itself and what are the methods
of starting a SM. What are amortisseur windings? What are they used
for?

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Dr. Ungku Anisa, UNITEN 2006

EEEB283 Electrical Machines and Drives Checklist for Chapter 6

For all AC machines (IM, SG and SM): Dont forget three-phase circuit
properties, i.e. Y-connected, -connected, and how to calculate threephase power!!!

Outcomes achieved:
The ability to:
apply the basic theories of electromagnetism in
analysing electrical machines.
describe the construction, characteristics and operation
of synchronous motors
construct and utilize the equivalent circuit model of a
synchronous motor to analyse its performance
characteristics in a power system.

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Dr. Ungku Anisa, UNITEN 2006