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VMC 311, Veterinary Bacteriology, Notes compiled by Dr.

Gaurav Singhal

A. hydrophila is a short, plump, aerobic rod; 0.6 micron by 1.3 micron
in size and is motile by means of polar flagella. It is gram negative and
grayish white, translucent, moist colonies are formed on agar plate and
a heavy turbidity and thick pellicle develop in broth. Optimum
temperature for growth is 30 degree C. Acid and gas are produced in
glucose, maltose, sucrose, mannitol, trehalose, arabinose, sorbitol and
salicin. Lactose is slowly fermented, nitrates are reduced to nitrites,
indol is formed, gelatin is liquefied, milk is coagulated and peptonized,
catalase and oxidase are produced, ammonia is produced from
arginine and are Voges-Proskauer positive.

A. hydrophila causes “red leg” in frogs and “black rot” in stored eggs.