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The Ancient Greeks

The Rise of City-States


Seat work
Students will quietly enter the room, find your seats and
discuss your three sticky notes on pages 300-305 with
your row group.
Central Question:

What kind of geography was at work in the development


of Greek culture and how did it affect how people used
land and settled on it? (3.5f)
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The Ancient Greeks

The Rise of City-States


When were the Greek dark ages?
1100 B.C.750 B.C.
The basic political unit of ancient Greece was?
The polis also know as a city-state.

What did Greek settlers establish throughout the


Mediterranean?
Colonies which where city-states
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The Ancient Greeks


Introduction

Chapter Introduction
This chapter will introduce you to the Ancient
Greeks. You will learn about early Greek history,
society, and government.
Section 1: The Rise of City-States

Section 2: Greek Society and Economy


Section 3: Democracy in Athens
Section 4: Oligarchy in Sparta

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The Ancient Greeks


The Rise of City-States

Key Ideas
Physical geography helped shape Greek life and
culture.
The basic political unit of ancient Greece was the
city-state.
Early Greek history was marked by frequent
warfare among small city-states.

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The Ancient Greeks


The Rise of City-States

What are some important features


of Greek geography?

mountain ranges

limited farm land

the sea

Mediterranean climate

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The Ancient Greeks


The Rise of City-States

How did geography influence


the ancient Greeks?
Greek Geographic Features and Their Influence
Mountains

Limited
Land

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Sea

Climate

The Ancient Greeks


The Rise of City-States

Ancient Greece: Early History


2000 B.C.

Minoan civilization spreads to Greece.


1600 B.C.1100 B.C.

Advanced Mycenaean kingdoms trade bronze


weapons and pottery.
1100 B.C.750 B.C.
Culture declines during the dark age.
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The Ancient Greeks


The Rise of City-States

What was the importance of the Iliad


and the Odyssey to the Greeks?
The Iliad and the Odyssey

The Iliad and the Odyssey were


very important stories to Greek
culture.

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The Ancient Greeks


The Rise of City-States

Ancient Greece: The City-States


The polis included the people of the community, the city
and surrounding area, and its government.
On the acropolis, or high city, the important activities of
government and religion took place.
Greek settlers established city-states throughout the
Mediterranean.

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The Ancient Greeks


The Rise of City-States

Diversity Among the City-States


Why was the small size of the polis important?

What kinds of governments did


the city-states have?

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The Ancient Greeks


The Rise of City-States

The city-state became one of


the most important features of Greek culture.
What evidence supports this idea?
Evidence of Importance of City-State

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