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Ancient Greek Civilization

War in Ancient Greece


Seat work

Students will quietly enter the room, find your seats


and discuss your three sticky notes on pages 328333 with your row group.
Central question:
How do competing interests in Greece influence how power
was distributed? (6.5j)

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Ancient Greek Civilization

War in Ancient Greece


After the Persian wars, who became the dominant Greek
city-state?
Athens

When did Xerxes invade Greece?


480 B.C.
Name the two Greek Leagues that formed after the wars
with Persia.
The Delian League and the Peloponnesian League.
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Ancient Greek Civilization


Introduction

Chapter Introduction
This chapter will introduce you to Ancient Greek
Civilization. You will learn about the wars that
united and divided the Greeks, and study the
religion, arts, and learning of ancient Greek
Civilization.
Section 1: War in Ancient Greece
Section 2: Alexanders Empire
Section 3: Ancient Greek Beliefs and Arts
Section 4: Ancient Greek Learning
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Ancient Greek Civilization


War in Ancient Greece

Key Ideas
Greek city-states cooperated to defeat a threat
from the mighty Persian empire.
After the Persian wars, Athens became the

dominant Greek city-state.


Rivalry between Athens and Sparta led to a
series of wars that weakened all of Greece.

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Ancient Greek Civilization


War in Ancient Greece

Key Terms
Battle of Marathon a battle on the plains
of Marathon, where Mr. Huff runs for 42.2km
with the cheering crowds chanting his name.

Battle of Salamisa naval battle in which


Athens trapped and destroyed Persias huge
navy in a narrow strait, helping to end the
Second Persian War.

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Ancient Greek Civilization


War in Ancient Greece

Key Terms
Battle of Marathona battle on the plains of
Marathon, where Greek phalanxes surprised
and defeated the Persian army, ending the
First Persian War.

Battle of Salamisa naval battle in which


Athens trapped and destroyed Persias huge
navy in a narrow strait, helping to end the
Second Persian War.

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Ancient Greek Civilization


War in Ancient Greece

Key Terms
Delian Leaguean alliance that Athens
formed for mutual protection with other citystates after the Second Persian War
Peloponnesian Leaguean alliance that
Sparta formed with other oligarchies in
response to Athenian control of the Delian
League.

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Ancient Greek Civilization


War in Ancient Greece

The Persian Wars


546 B.C.
Persia conquers the Ionian city-states.
500 B.C.
The Ionian city-states rebel.
490 B.C.
Darius invades Greece.
The Greeks defeat Persia at the Battle of Marathon.
480 B.C.
Xerxes invades Greece.
The Greeks defeat Persia at the Battle of Salamis.

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Ancient Greek Civilization

Copyright Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Ancient Greek Civilization


War in Ancient Greece

Turning Points
What caused Darius to try
to conquer Greece in 490 B.C.?
How did the Greeks win the First Persian War?
What was Themistocles trap?

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Ancient Greek Civilization


War in Ancient Greece

Rival Leagues
After the Second Persian War, city-states on the Aegean
Sea formed the Delian League for protection. Athens took
control of the Delian League .
In response, Sparta joined other oligarchies in the
Peloponnesian League.
These two leagues were soon engaged in a deadly
rivalry.

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Ancient Greek Civilization


War in Ancient Greece

The Peloponnesian War


In 431 B.C., Sparta marched into Athenss
territory, starting the Peloponnesian War.
Plague broke out during Spartas year-long
siege of Athens.
The Peloponnesian War dragged on for
27 years, with periodic truces.
Athens surrendered after Sparta cut off
Athenss food supply.
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Ancient Greek Civilization


War in Ancient Greece

Balance of Power
Why do you think the Peloponnesian War
lasted so long?
Why do you think Persia gave money
to Sparta for a new navy?
What effect did Spartas new navy have
on its power struggle with Athens?

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