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Presented by

Amilkanthwar P. A.
Assistant Engineer (Gen)
PURPOSE OF DYNAMIC TESTING OF
THE GENERATOR

To ensure the healthiness and


operation/Stability of

Generator differential protection under actual fault conditions.
 Over all differential protection under actual fault conditions.
 Generator back up impedance protection under actual fault conditions.
 Generator earth fault protection under actual fault conditions.
 Generator differential protection while supplying through currents.
 Over all differential protection while supplying through currents.
To obtain and check the
 Short circuit characteristic of the generator
 Open circuit characteristic of the generator
To ensure the healthiness of all the CTs and its
associated circuits.

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1.TA set is running at 3000 rpm.
2.Faults created at different locations (as per
the diagram)
3.Controlled excitation for controlling the fault
current.
4.Set up required for measurements while
test.
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ROUTINE PROCEDURE OF
DYNAMIC TESTING

1. Modifications Require to facilitate


controlled Excitation
2. Faults to be created in power circuit
3. Different Tests to be Carried out by
feeding the faults

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1. Replace existing manual pot with Spare digital pot
already prepared for dynamic testing
2. Remove Excitation Transformer HV links and Extend
6.6KV supply to Excitation Transformer HV side
3. Extend Excitation protection tripping to 6.6 KV Bkr
4. Inhibit FFB closing to bypass the FF disturb proton.
5. Tier fan supply: Extend the 230V ac supply to tier fan
from station supply
6. Thyrister Fan Supply: Extend 415 V 3phase supply to
thyrister fans through FF supply
7. Bypass Generator to Turbine Tripping.

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1. Roll the TA set to 3000 RPM
2. Establish Generator Cooling System
3. Close the Field Breaker and go on
increasing excitation current till
operation of Gen diff proton. & master
trip relay 86G1/86G2 along with FB
tripping.
5 min

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1. Short metro-sils of generator differential
relay.
2. Close the Field Breaker Go on
increasing excitation current till
operation of relay.
3. Observe operation of Master trip & FB
10 min(15)

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1. Trip the TA set & Bring to Barring speed
45 min(60)

1. Remove shorting from point A when TA


set is at bar
60 min(120)

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1. Roll the TA set to 3000rpm,
2. Create single phase to earth fault with
the help of Earth Rod at point B
30 min(150)
1. Close the Field Breaker go on increasing
excitation current till operation of master
trip relay 86G1/86G2 along with FB
Tripping.
2. Remove the earth rod
10 min (160) 9
1. Close the isolator to connect Three
phase shorting at point "C“
2. Bypass the 220KV Bus-Bar diff.
Protn.
3. Bypass the tripping of 50LBB
protection
10 min(170)
1. Close the field breaker, increase
excitation and record the short
circuit characteristics 10
Open the isolator to remove the shortings
10 min (195)

Close the field breaker and increase excitation


record the Open circuit characteristics
15 min(210)
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1. Trip the TA set and bring to barring.
45 min(255)
2. Remove shorting from point C.
3. Normalize the excitation transformer HV links
4. Normalize the modifications done for slow
built up in excitation.
45 min(300)
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1. Hand over the machine back to operation s
2. Roll the TA set to 3000RPM
3. Synchronize as per normal procedure.

Total time estimated


30 min(330 min)

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Proposed by Testing Section PTPS
Parli

scheme
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1. Excitation System Modifications: Same
as Conventional Modifications
2. Excitation Transformer Modification: Same as
Conventional Modifications
3. Create Three Phase Short at Point D instead
of A & C

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1. Short phase side CT for Generator Diff and
220KV for Over All Diff Protection
2. Close the Transfer Bus Isolator to Connect
Three Phase Short to GT HV Side
3. Bypass the 220KV Bus-Bar diff. Protection.
4. Bypass the tripping of 50LBB protection
5. Roll the TA set to 3000 RPM
6. Establish Generator Cooling System
7. Close the Field Breaker and go on increasing
excitation current till operation of Gen diff
protection & FB tripping. 10min
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1. Normalize the CT circuit of Generator diff
protection
2. Close the Field Breaker and go on increasing
excitation current till operation of relay. Take the
readings.
3. Observe operation of Master trip with FB tripping.
4. Normalize the CT circuit of over all diff
Protection.
10min (20)
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1. Close the field breaker, increase excitation
gradually & record the short circuit characteristics
2. Make the FB OFF
3. Open the isolator to isolate three phase shorting
from point D
4. Give clearance to remove shorting from point D
5. Normalize the 220KV Bus-Bar diff. Protection.
6. Normalize the tripping of 50LBB protection
15 min(35)

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1. Create single phase to earth fault with the help of
Earth Rod at point B
2. Close the Field Breaker
3. Go on increasing excitation current till operation
of master trip relay 86G1/86G2 along with FB
tripping.
4. Remove the earth rod
10 min(45)

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Close the field breaker, increase excitation
gradually & record the Open circuit
characteristics
15 min(60)

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1. Trip the TA set and bring to barring.
45 min(105)
1. Normalize the excitation transformer HV
links
2. Normalize the modifications done for slow
built up in excitation.
45 min(150)

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Hand over the machine back to operation staf

Roll the TA set to 3000RPM

Synchronize as per normal procedure.

Total time estimated


15 min(165min)
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Close link X and Open link Y at TTB for Phase side diff CT

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Achievements By Proposed Dynamic
Testing Procedure
1.Total Estimated time for completion of test is 165
minutes. Lot of time is saved.
2.Operation of Generator and overall Differential
Protection can be tested dynamically under actual
fault condition
3.Actual and accurate operating point can be located.
4.Healthiness of Excitation system gets proved in this
proposal.
5.Safe and fine control through excitation can be
achieved.
6.By changing the 3phase shorting location from C to
D we can synchronize the unit by opening the transfer
bus isolator and shorting removal work can be done
even after taking the unit on load.
7.The parallel activities can be planned such as
excitation normalization and excitation transformer
normalization to save the time.