You are on page 1of 12

m ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/

pmrsufESm? 1 rav;&Sm;a&mujfrefrmrsm; odxm;&rnfh &EJ iS hf oi.tf ajccH cGihtf a&;rsm; RedBook
pmrsufESm?
1
rav;&Sm;a&mujfrefrmrsm; odxm;&rnfh &EJ iS hf oi.tf
ajccH
cGihtf a&;rsm; RedBook ta=umi;f pmrsufESm ( 10 ) odk@ .
ZGefe0g&Dfv/ 2010 ckESpf/ twGJ 2/ trSwf 6 ?
ygwDacgif;aqmifydkif; jyefvnfzGJ hpnf;&ef
a':atmifqef;pk=unfajym=um;
a&;G aumuyf GJ pn;f ¶;kHa&;orm;rsm;ukd }uzhH @GHu ¶ukd
Ef uS
f
jrifharmif (rZPsdr)
22/ 'DZifbm/ 2009
udkaxG; 16/ 'DZifbm/ 2009
a':atmifqef;pk=unfu
trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJ@csKyf
(NLD)A[dktvkyftr_aqmif
aumfrwD(CEC)udk jyefvnfzGJ@
pnf;&eftwGuf ajym=um;vkduf
a=umif; od&onf?
NLDacgif;aqmifrsm; jzpof nhf
touf 92-ESpf&Sd OuUÏ OD;atmif
a&$/ touf 86-EpS f&Sd twGif;a&;rª;
OD;vGif/ touf 88-ESpf&Sd tzGJ@0if
OD;vGef;wifwdk@ESihf a':atmifqef;pk
=unfwkd@ ,ae@ awG@qkHpOf xkdokd@
ajym=um; vkdufjcif;jzpfonf?
,ck aqG;aEG;r_onf 1988
ckEpS f pufwifbmwGif z@pGJ nf;cJhaom
Zefe0g&Dv 4 &ufae@u awG@&aom trsKd;om; 'Drkdua&pDtzJG@
csKyfacgif;aqmifwcsKdΠ("mwfykH- AP)
onf vuf&SdESifh tem*wf ygwD.
vkyfief;rsm; aqmif&Guf&mwGif ydkrdk
xda&muf&eftwGuf NLD ygwD0if
axmufcHoGm;r,f vkyfp&m&Sdwm
vkyfygvdk@ tm;ay;pum; ajymcJh
w,f/ tzGJ@csKyf&JΠtzGJ@tpnf;awG
NLDygwDacgif;aqmifydkif;udk jyef rsm;. awmif;qdkcsufjzpfa=umif; tm;vH;k jyefvnfzGJ@pnf;z@dk vdkw,f
vnfzGJ@pnf;&eftwGuf yxrqkH;
t}udrftjzpf aqG;aEG;jcif;vnf;
jzpfonf? NLD jyef=um;a&;wm
0efcH OD;cifarmifaqGu “CECudk
jyefvnfzGJ@pnf;zdk@qdkwmudk a':
atmifqef;pk=unfu ajymw,fqdk
wmudk usaemfwdk@ acgif;aqmifawG
uae od&ygw,f/ acgif;aqmifawG
uvnf; oabmwlw,fvdk@ od&
w,f” [k ajymonf?
‚if;u qdkonf?
,ae@ eHeuf 11em&DrS 12-
em&Dtxd 1-em&D=um a':atmif
qef;pk=unfESifh CEC 3-OD;wdk@onf
pdrf;vJ@uefom tpdk;& {nfha*[m
wGif awG@qkH=uonf[k NLD ajym
cGifh& OD;^m%f0if;u qdkonf?
“a':atmifqef;pk=unf&JŒ
EdkifiHa&; &yfwncsf ufeJ@ aqmif&Guf
csufawGudk CEC u t&ifuvnf;
qkwd m ajymw,/f tao;pwd awf mh
rodbl;” [k OD;^m%f0if;u ajym
onf?
a':atmifqef;pk=unfonf NLD
A[dktvkyf tr_aqmifrsm;ESifh
tpdk;&{nfha*[mwGif 2008 ckESpf
Zefe0g&Dvu aemufqkH; awG@qkHcJh
onf? 21 ESpftwGif; NLD ygwD
taejzifh ppftpk;d &. zdESdyrf _a=umifh
rsKd;qufjywfawmuf&onfh jy\
2010 a&G;aumufyGJtwGuf
&efuek fwdkif;twGif; ,ckv 19 &uf
ae@wGif pnf;¶Hk;a&;qif;aepOf }uhckdH if
zHG@òzd;a&;tzJG@0ifrsm;u 0kdif;0ef;¶dkuf
ESufojzifh ygwD0if tenf;qHk; 5 OD;
'%f&m&&SdcJha=umif; EdkifiHa&;ygwD
wcku ajymonf?
=unfhjrifwdkifòrdŒe,f wzuf
urf; tvwfacsmif;&GmwGif
a[majymyJG ðyvkyf&ef jyifaepOf
òrdŒe,f}uHhcdkifzGH@òzd;a&; twGif;a&;rª;
OD;jrifhvifG OD;aqmifonfh }uhzH GH@OD;a&
20 cef@ESifh aus;&Gmvlxk pkpkaygif;
200 cef@u ¶dkufESufcJhjcif;jzpf
a=umif; jynfaxmifpk jrefrmEdkifiH
trsKd;om;EdkifiHa&; tzGJ@csKyfu
qkdonf?
“OD;jrifhvGifeJ@ OD;nGef@wif
(pufuav; aus;&Gmtkyfpk &,u
OuUÏ) OD;aqmifwhJ vl 200 avmuf
ygw,f? usaemf ar;=unfhw,f?
cifAsm;wdk@xJrSm wm0ef&SdwJholyg
vm;/ yg&if 'gukd xdef;xdef;odrf;odrf;
vkyfay;ygvk@dajymawmh ujdkrifhvGifu
igu acgif;aqmifyJ/ rif;wdk@wawG
bmvkyfaevJqdk+yD; usaemfwdk@udk
'kwfeJ@¶dkuf/ cJawGeJ@ ypf=uw,f” [k
trsKd;om;EdkifiHa&;tzGJ@csKyf 'k-
OuUÏ udk&JxGef;u rZPsdrudk
ajymonf?
OD;acgif;wGif '%f&&SdcJhonfh
a':=uL=uL(tvwfacsmif;)ESifh
ykcHk;wGif'%f&m&onfh a':at;
at;armf(v_difom,m)wdk@onf
aq;¶Hkrsm;wGif aq;0g;ukor_ cH,l
ae+yD; usef 3 OD;rSm '%f&m tenf;
i,fom &&SdcJha=umif; od&onf?
trsK;d om;Ekifd iHa&;tz@cGJ sKyf .
tvH/ ygwDwHqdyf/pm&Gufpmwrf;/
EdkifiHawmftvH/ oHk;a&mifcs,f
aemufcH a'gif;tvH/ 88 rsKd;quf
opfausmif;om;vli,frsm; (jynf
axmifpkjrefrmEdkifiH) teDa&mif
atmufcH cGyfa'gif;tvHrsm; rD;&_dŒ
zsufqD;cHcJh&a=umif; udk&JxGef;u
ajymonf?
&efukefwkdif; ppfXmecsKyf
wdkif;rª; AdkvfcsKyf0if;jrifh. cGifhðy
csufjzifh a[majymyJG ðyvkyfcJhjcif;
jzpfonf[k olu qkdonf? ,cif
uvnf; &efukefwkdif;twGif;
oefvsifESifh c&rf;oHk;cG a'orsm;
wGifvnf; olwdk@ygwDtaejzifh
pnf;¶Hk;a&; qif;cJha=umif; od&
onf? ygwD0ifaygif; 40-cef@ a&SŒ
arSmufwGif jzpfyGm;cJhonfh ,ck t
r_twGuf =unfhjrifwdkif &Jpcef;u
26-OD;udk w&m;vdkppfcsuf &,l
ae+yD[k od&onf? tcif;jzpfyGm;
&mteD;&Sd tvwfacsmif;tydkif
pufqef; &Jpcef;odk@ qufoG,f ar;
jref;=unfh&m wm0efus &Jt&m&Sd
u ajzqdkcGifh r&Sda=umif; ajymqkd
onf?
2010
ckESpfwGif a&G;aumufyJG
usif;yrnf[k ppftpdk;& a=unm
xm;aomfvnf; ygwDzJG@pnf;cGifh/
pnf;¶Hk;cGifh tp&doS nfh a&G;aumufyJG
qkdif&m pnf;rsOf; Oya'rsm; ray:
xGufao;cif óudwifI pnf;¶Hk;a&;
qif;aejcif; jzpfonf? udk&JxGef;.
tzJG@uJhodk@yif udkat;vGif OD;aqmif
aom 88 rsKd;qufopf ausmif;om;
vli,frsm;tzJG@ (jynfaxmifpk
jrefrmEkdifiH) onfvnf; a&G;
aumuyf JG 0ifa&;twuG f r=umc%
qdkovdk &efukefwkdif;wGif pnf;¶Hk;
a&;qif;onfrsm; &Sdonf?
2010
a&G;aumufywJG ifG r[m
rdwfrsm; tzGJ@csKyfESifh 'Drdku&ufwpf
ygwDuvnf; 0ifa&muf,SOfòydif
rnf[k ajymqdkxm;aomfvnf;
pnf;¶Hk;a&;udkrl xif&Sm;pGm ðyvkyf
jcif; r&Sdao;yg? r[mrdwfrsm;
tzJG@csKyfwGif trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pD
tzGJ@csKyfrS cGJxGufcJhonfh 0HomEk
pmrsufESm (7) aumfvH (5) odk@ .
CEC udk jyefvnfzGJ@pnf;jcif; axmufcHw,f/ t+rJwrf;vnf; pmrsufESm (8) aumfvH (4) odk@ .
u&ifhESpfopful;yJëawmfusif;y
uav;oli,frsm; umuG,fapmifha&Smufa&;twGuf UNHCR ESifh
UNICEF wkd hrS &Sif;vif;ajym-um;
ukdukdatmif 16/ 'DZifbm/ 2009
rav;&Sm;EkdifiHwGif u&ifhESpf
opful;yJGawmf (8) }udrfajrmuf
tcrf;tem;ukd uGmvmvrfyl&Sd
t*Fvdyf/ Arm okH;bmomjzifh jref
rmEkdifiH&Sd wkdif;&if;om;pnf;vkH;
nD!Gwfa&;ESifh u&ifESpfopful;
qkdif&m o0efv$mrsm;ukd zwf=um;
Chine e A embl Hall wGif'DZbFm jcif; rav;&m;S &Sd u&ifacgif; aqmif
16-&ufae@ueHeuf 10 em&DrS n
ae 5 em&Dxd tcrf;tem;usif;y
&mokd@ EkdifiHwuma&muf u&if
rsm;/ wkdif; &if;om;tzJG@tpnf; t
oD;oD;rS ukd,fpm;vS,frsm;/
rsm;tygt0if tzJG@tpnf; toD;
o;D rS wufa¶mvmaom {nfhonf
awmfrsm;rSvnf; ESpfopful; t
rSmpum;rsm; ajym=um;chJ =u+yD;
aemuf u&if›¶kd;¶m 'kH;,def;tu/
UNHCR/ ACTS/ NGO rsm;rS {nfh tygtÿif zuf±ifj‡ yyëJESifh acwf ay:
onfawmfrsm; tygt0if {y&dwf
owf(1000)axmifausmf wuf
a&mufcJh=uonf?
tcef;tem;tpDtpOfpwif
zGivfh pS &f mwGif u&ifath mifvHawmf
ukdtav;ðyjcif;/ u&iftrsKd;om;
oDcsif;oDqkdjcif;rsm;jzifh pwifcJh+yD;
aemuf OuUXref;pdefoef;rS u&if/
aw;*Dwrsm;jzif› pnfum;odkuf
òrduf pëmazsmfajzusif;y cJhonf?
,if;tcrf;tem;wGif KNU
wyfr[m(7)AsL[mrª;a[mif;/
A alia Ka an O gani a ion
(AKO) ESifh wkdif;&if;om;vlrsKd;rsm;
tzJG@ E hnic Na ionali ie O gan-
pmrsufESm (8) aumfvH (1) odk@ .
Th la i M ni am ( Child en-a -Ri k-Uni , UNHCR)
M . Ma a ( UNICEF )
ukdukdatmif 0 / 'DZifbm/ 2009
UNHCR Y rSwfykHwifxm;+yD; jzpf qufzfrS tb,ft&mrsm;ukd
rav;&Sm;Eifkd iH uGmvmvrfyl&Sd
'uk onftzG@pJ nf;rsm;/ od&vd Fum/
qkdrmvD,m; /tmzuefeufpwef/
tygt0if tjcm;EkdifiHwcsKd@rS
onf? ,if;cav;oli,frsm;.
t"du tcuftcJjy\emrsm;rSm
aqmif&Guaeof enf;?´
,leDqufzfukd (1954) ckESpf
(Chine eA embl Hall) wGif 'kuonftzJG@rsm;rS ukd,fpm; (1)vkHòcHa&;/ (2)ynmoif}um;a&;/ wGif wnfaxmifcJ@+yD;/ ,leDqufzf-
UHNCR rSvpOfðyvkyfaom CDU vS,frsm; wufa&mufchJ=u+yD; (3)usef;rma&; apmifha&Smufr_wkd@ rav;&Sm;taejzifh cav;oli,f
tpnf;ta0;wGif UNICEF rS
vn;f vma&mu+fy;Dcav;oil ,rf sm;
umuG,fapmifha&Smufa&;qkdif
rsm;udk rav;&Sm;Eifkd iH&dS jrefrmEifkd iHrS
tcef;tem;tpDtpOfukd Edna rS
rdwqf utrf mpS um;rsm; ajym=um;
+yD;aemuf ,cktcg touf (18)
ESpf atmuf&Sdol (7380) OD;tm;
jzpfonf?
UNICEF rS wm0ef&Sdol Ma a rS
vn;f ,ckuJhokd@ &Sif;vif;ajymoGm;
onf? rav;&Sm;EkdifiHwGif ,leD
rsm; usef;rma&;/ tm[m&zGHΘzd;
a&;/ ynmoif=um;a&;/ oufom
acsmifcsda&;ESifh a&aumif;a&oef@
pmrsufESm (11) aumfvH (3)odk@ .
AKO, ENO
OuUX Sa A. Ganem K noo

j ynfaxmifpkowif;pmudk ZGefv? 2009 ckESpfrS pwifxkwfa0onf/

pmrsufESm? 2 ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/ t,f'Dwmtmh abmf xifwif;rdk aygufjzpfaeaom

pmrsufESm?

2

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/

t,f'Dwmtmh

abmf

xifwif;rdk

xifwif;rdk aygufjzpfaeaom etz.

aygufjzpfaeaom etz.

vr;jf yajryHk aemufqHk;tqifh

vr;jf yajryHk aemufqHk;tqifh

q,fpkESpf 2pkausmf=umanmif;atmif jynfaxmifpkom;w&yfvHk;udk enf;rsdK;pHkjzifh 'uk Qyif v,f a0apcJhaom etzonf aemufxyf ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm jynof ljynfom;rsm;udk EdyS pf uf n‡Of;yef;&ef &nf&,G fcsufjzifh jynof lu w&m;0if tkycsf KyfcGifhay;xm;avoa,mif xifrSwf rSm;ap&ef 2010ckESpfwGif a&G;aumufyGJw&yf usif;yjyKvkyfrnf[k rdk;}uD;av}uD; ajymqdkaeayonf? odk@aomf etzonf a&G;aumufyGJwck. tcif;tusif;rsm;jzpfaom ygwDwnf axmifcGifh pnf;¶Hk;v_H@aqmfcGifhESifh t"du tc&musaom a&G;aumufyGJ Oya'udkum; rxkwfjyef&Jao;acs/ tb,fha=umifhenf;/ &Sif;ygonf? vmrJha&G;aumufyGJonf trsm; jynfol vufcH&ef rnfodk@r# rjzpfEdkifovdk EdkifiHwum todkif;t0dkif;u todtrSwf ðy&evf nf; rjzpEf dkifaom a&G;aumufyGJwckom jzpfaoma=umifh tajym}uD;+yD; vufawG@ taumiftxnf razmfEkifad om tjzpEf Sifh &ifqifaedk &Iom jzpfon/f xk@jd yif Adkvof ef;a&$ ar#mfvifhcJhovdk wdkif;&if;om; awmfvSefa&;tiftm;pkrsm;u olqGJovdkurnhf uóud; ¶kyfrsm; [k r[kwfcJh=u/ ocdkif;l wdkif; vkdufrucJhonfrSmvnf; 2010 a&G;aumufyJtwG Guf tztxk pf jzpfvmcoJh nf/ xxdk uf ykrd }dkuD;rm;aom tcuftcJum; jynof axl mufcHaom jynfwGif;rS twdkuftcH tiftm;pk w&yfvHk;u xkESifhxnfESifh 2010 a&G;aumufyGJudk OayuQm ðyvdkufaomtcg Adkvf oef;a&$rSm cJavor# oJa&us jzpfaeayawmhonf? a&G;aumufyGJ0if&ef tm;xkwfae=uaom olrsm;rSmvnf; jynfolu axmufcHr_ tvGefenf; yg;olrsm;ESifh jynfol &GH&Smaomolrsm;om jzpfaeI a=umfjimxkwf+yD;rS ZmwftzGJ@iSg;r&aom yGJuefx¶dkufvdk Adkvfoef;a&$ óuHae&av+yD/ Adkvfoef;a&$onf EkdifiHa&;orm;r[kwfI “=uufOta&mif wdrfawifozG,f rif;a&;ºuG,f” qdkouJhodk@ wdkif;a&;jyn&f monf tm%mudk twHk;vdkuf twpfvudk f oHk;wdkif; &onfr[kwfqdkonf udk rod&Smaoma=umifh vrf;jyajryHk (7)csuf[k rdk;}uD;av}uD;atmfum tm%mjzifh ausmfI&aom tqifhrsm;udk t"rRenf;ESifh 'v=urf;ausmfcJhaomfvnf; a&G;aumufyGJ tqifhonf ol@aowGif;olwl;um ol@romolxrf;&rnfh tqifhqdkonfukd odaeay+yD/ ta=umif;rul m; tm%mjzifh tpGrf;uek f tumtu,G ,f lxm;aom ol. uwwk fusif;ukd 'Drudk a&pDtcGifhtvrf; tenf;i,fr# vmaygif;pyfonfESifh ol. vuf&Sd &ydkifcGifhrsm;onf tow&meufaom acsmufxJodk@*|rf;xdk;arSmufckef usa&muf&ayawmhrnf? v$wfawmfwGifjzpfap jynfo@l a&S@arSmufwGif jzpfap/ Adkvfoef;a&$twGuf ae&mr&Sdyg/ tESpf (60)/ tESpf 100 axmif'%fudk uscH&if; ,Hk=unfcsufudk cdkif+rJatmif awmifhcHEdkif aom jrefrmEdkifiHrS tHhzG,f EdkifiHa&;orm;rsm;a&S@wGif tm%m&Sif ppftkyfpkonf tenf; i,fr#aom 'Drkdua&pD tcGifhta&;udkyif ay;0Hh&ef owWd &Sd[efrwlyg/ xdk@a=umifh ,if;wkd@ wufvSrf;aeaom vrf;jyajryHk (7)csuf. ta&;t}uD;qHk;tqifhudk taumiftxnf azmfrnfh ta&;rSm qifajymif}uD; t+rD;wpfae[efwlygonf? rnfodk@yifqdkap 2010onf tESpf 20ausmf tkyfcsKyfvmcJhaom etztwGuf rdrbd mom a&G;cs,fxm;aom vrf;cGJwck omjzpfonfrmS tjiif;yGg;p&mr&ySd g/ xkd ha=umifh 2010 jrefrmh EdkifiHa&;ZmwfcHkonf rxifrSwfxm;aom jzpf&yfrsm;jzifh ordkif;topfrsm; a&;xdk;vmvdrhfrnf[k ar#mfvifhtyfayonf?

yDeefwGif 'kuQonf olawmifpm; (5000) ausmf&Sdae

The a UNHCR Y rSwfykHwifxm;+yD;aom 'kuQonf (5000)ausmfwkd@onf awmif; &rf;pm;aomuf&ef twGuf bmw0yfòrdŒokd@ a&mu&f Sdaea}umif; China-P e owif;pm wGif azmfjyxm;onf? ,if;olawmif;pm; trsm;pkrSm jrefrmEkdifiHrS jzpf}u+yD;/ trsm;jynfolwkd@. *¶k%mour_ jzpfvmap&eftwGuf olwkd@. cav;rsm;ukd tokH;cscJ@a}umif; yDeef usef;rma&;/ oufomacsmifcsda&;/ ulnDapmifha&Smufa&;ESifh obm0ywf 0ef;usifxdrf;odrf;a&;aumfrwD. OuUX

zD;bGefzkd@u ajym=um;cJ@onf? “olwkd@ rav;&Sm;rSm &SdaepOf tpkd;& taejzifh olwkd@ukd b,fvkdenf;ESifhrS ta&; ,lvkd@r&yg? olwkd@ukd zrf;rd&ifvnf; us aemfwkd@ vkyfEkdifwmuawmh olwkd@ukd ouf omacsmifcsda&;Xmeokd@ v$Jajymif;ay;+yD; olwkd@twGufvdktyfwJ@ tultnDyHhykd;ay; ¶kHomjzpfw,f? Oya't& 'kuQonf[m 'DEkdifiHxJrSm w&m;0iftvkyfvkyf cGifhr&Sdyg? 'ga=umifhrkd@vnf; olwkd@awG awmif;pm;ae =uwmjzpfw,f”[lIvnf; olu quf vufajym=um; oGm;cJ@onf?

b,vf

kdraJ y;&reS ;f road o;b;l

oGm;aewJhtcdsefjzpfvdk@ olr vGwfoGm;cJh w,fvkd@ ajymjyygw,f? olr&Jh OD;aESmuf xJrSm pD;yGm;a&;vkyf zkd@yJ&Sdw,f? EkdifiHa&; ta=umif;vnf; em;rvnfygbl;? EkdifiHa&; vnf; pdwfr0ifpm;bl;? ta=umif;uwmh 88ta&;awmfyHk umv rSm olr awGŒcJh&wJh tjzpftysufawGudk vkH;0a=umuf&GHŒ aecJh+yDvkd@ a':wifwifu ajymygw,f? 1988-ckESpf ausmif;om; ta&;awmf ykH ay:aygufcJhwJh umvrSmqkd&if olr&Jh rdom;pkeJ@twl rE Wav;rSmaewJh tcsdef jzpfw,f? ta&;awmfykH}uD; ay:aygufvm wJh tcsdefumrSm olr óuHawGŒcJh&wJh tjzpf tysufawGudk tckvkd ajymjyygw,f? “tJ'Dtcsdefwkef;uqkd trkd;u rE Wav;rSmaeygw,f? òrdŒv,facgifrSm ausmif;om;awG atmf[pfaewJhtcsdef q&kd if trd;k u uav;awGukpd k+yD;awmh vduk f ykef;ae&wmayg@/ r=umygbl; aoewfoH vm;/ vlatmfoHvm; qlnHaewmyJ/ trkd; uawmh awmfawmfa=umufw,f” 88-ausmif;om;ta&;awmf ykH}uD; ay:aygufvmwJhaemufykdif; rE Wav;rSm raeawmhbJ olr&Jh rdom;pkeJ@twl oxkH bufudk jyefajymif;vmcJhw,f? 'Dvkde@J olŒ&Jh

ausmufta&mif;t0,fvkyfief;udk

qufvuf vkyfudkifcJhw,fvkd@ ajymygw,f? a':wifwif[m touf 50 ausmf+yD jzpfayr,fh ol@b0rmS wcgrS rJray;z;l ygbl;? jrefrmEkdifiHrSm vGefcJhwJh 19ESpfu usif;ycJhwJh 1990ckESpf a&G;aumufyJGumv wkef;u vnf; olr&JŒ ausmufta&mif;t0,f vkyfief;eJ@ xkdif;e,fpyf/ w¶kwfe,fpyf bufudk vmcJh&wJhtwGufa=umifh rJray; cJh&ygbl;? 1990ckESpf arv 27 &ufae@rSm a':wifwif rJxnfhcGifhr&ayr,fh rJay;cGifh &dSol oef; 20teuf 15 oef;ausmf rJay; cJh=uygw,f? a&G;aumufyJGrSm v$wfawmf udk,fpm;vS,f 485 ae&mteuf 392 ae &m (87²69 &mcdkifE_ef;)udk trsKd;om;'Drdk ua&pDtzJG@csKyf(tJeftJvf'D)u tEdkif&&Sd cJhygw,f? 'gayr,fhvnf; tm;vHk;od=uwJh twdkif; tEdkif&&SdwJh trsKd;om;'Drdkua&pD tzJG@csKyfudk jrefrmppftpkd;&u tm%m v$Jray;cJhovdk uae@txdvnf; tod trSwf rðyao;ygbl;? tvm;wlyJ +yD;cJhwJh 2008ck ESpfu jynfol@qENrJaumuf,l &mrSm 92²48 &mckdifE_ef; wcJeufaxmuf cHcJh=uw,fvkd@ ppftpkd;&u a=unm+yD; zJGŒ

cGef;t,faomifh (autdkifpD) 27/ Edk0ifbm/ 2009 “acwfraumif;awmh pD;yGm; a&;vn;f odyfrajyvnfbl; om;&JŒ? trkd;wkd@vnf;

udk,fhtajctaeeJ@ udk,fawmh tqifajy atmif awmh ae&wmayg@? [kd;1962 aEmiS f; ydkif;uaep+yD;awmh 'Dae@ tcsdefxdyJ om;&,f”wnf=unf+yD; usufoa&&SdvS

wJh touf (50)ESpft&G,f a':wifwif

(eHrnft&if;r[kwf)[m jrefrmEkdifiH&Jh pD;yGm;a&; tajctaeudk pdwftm;xuf oefpGmeJ@ okH;oyfajymqkdoGm;ygw,f? a':wifwif[m rGefjynfe,f/ oxkHòrdŒ

rSm aexkdifolwOD; jzpfygw,f? olr[m

vuf&Sd oxHkòrd@rSm aexkdif+yD;awmh xkdif;- jrefrme,fpyf/ w¶kwf-jrefrme,fpyf pwJh ae&mawG tygt0if jrefrmEkdifiHtESH@rSm usifvnfcJholjzpfw,f? bmjzpfvkd@vJqkd awmh olrvkyfwJh ausmufta&mif;t0,f tvyk fu ae&mwumudk oGm;ae&wmjzpf w,fvkd@ a':wifwifu ajymygw,f? jrefrmEkdifiHrSm pD;yGm;tajc taer aumif; vSayr,fh olr&Jhrdom;pkuawmh olrvkyf

wJh ausmufta&mif;t0,fvkyfief;eJ@yJ

ajyajyvnfvnf aeEdkifw,fvkd@ a':

wifwifu ajymygw,f? a':wifwif[m vGefcJhwJh tESpf(20) ausmfu cifyGef;jzpfoleJ@ uoJG Gm;cJh+yD;aemuf

rmS o@ol m;orD; 2 a,mufeJ@twl ausmuf

ta&mif; t0,fvkyfief;eJ@ rdom;pkpm;0wf aea&;udk ajz&Sif;aecJh&w,f? ausmuft a&mif;t0,fvkyfief;udk vkyfudkifvmcJhwm

ESpfaygif;tawmf=um+yD jzpfayrJhvnf; tvdrfcH&wmwcgrS r&cJhSd b;l vd@k a':wifwif

u qkdygw,f? “trkd; 'DtvkyfeJ@yJ om;orD; awGudk vkyfau|;vmwm ESpfaygif; 20 ausmf+yD?

tvdrfcH&wm wcgrSr&SdcJhbl;? trkd;wkd@ vkyf azmfudkifzuf wcsKd@qkd&if 'Dvkyfief;a=umifh b0ysufoGm;wm trsm;}uD;yJ? 'gawG[m trkd;&JΠarwWmw&m; a=umifhyJ? vlaumif;

&if ewfapmifhw,f xifygw,f”

vGefcJhwJh tESpf (20)ausmfwkef;u ausmufta&mif;t0,f vkyfief;eJ@ w¶kwf e,fpyf ucsifjynf e,fbufukd olr&JŒ t vkyform;awGeJ@ e,fpyfu wJwvkH;rSm oGm;wnf;cdkaewJhtcsdefrSm ucsifjynfol@ vGwfvyfa&;tzJGŒ (autkdiftkd) wyfzJGŒ0if awGu noef;acgif,HtcsdefrSm 0ifa&muf pD;eif;cJhzl;w,f? 'gayr,fh tJ'DtcsdefrSm olru vkyfief;udpPeJ@ wjcm;wae&mrSm

pnf;ytakH jccH Oya'ukd twnðfycyJh g w,f? tJ'wD ek f;u vn;f ray;J yHpk eptaf =umif;udk aumif;pGm em;rvnfwJhtwGufa=umifh a':wifwif rJray;cJh&ygbl;? tckvnf; jrefrmppftpkd;& OD;pD; OD;aqmif+yD;awmh usif;yðyvkyfr,fh 2010 a&G;aumufyJGudk vnf; olrtaeeJ@ b,fvkd rJay;&rvJ qkdwmudk vkH;0em;rvnfao;bl;vkd@ qkd ygw,f? “2010a&G;aumufyJGudk usif;yrSm awmh[kwf+yD? trkd;uawmh rJray;wwf bl;? tdrfuvlawGudk=unfh+yD; vkyfwwf r,f xifygw,f? trd;k uawmh rJay;rvm;/ ray;bl; vm;qkdwmudkawmh t&ifqkH; oGm;=unfh& r,f xifw,f? udk,fhtwGuf tusKd;&SdwJh [mudkyJ a&G;xnfhr,fvkd@ trkd; pOf;pm;xm; ygw,f”vkd@ a':wifwifu ajymygw,f? vmr,fh 2010 a&G;aumufyJG[m usif;yjzpf/ rjzpfudkawmh raocsmao; ayr,fh tu,fI usif;yjzpfr,fqkd&if ppf tpkd;&u tEkdif&zkd@twGuf óudwif jyifqif r_awG vkyfxm;wJhtwGufa=umifh ppf tpkd;&uyJ tEif&kd r,fqkwd m olr ,kH=unf ygw,f? ppftpkd;& usif;yðyvkyfr,fh 2010 a&G;aumufyJG[m vGwfvGwfvyfvyf rJ ay;cGifh&r,fqkd&if jrefrmEkdifiHol EkdifiHom; awGtwGuf tusKd;&SdwJh a&G; aumufyJG jzpfw,fvkd@ olru ajymygw,f? 'gayr,fh a':wifwifu olrtaeeJ@ uawmh EkdifiHa&;ta=umif; em;rvnfwJh twGuf ppftpkd;&u b,fvkdyJvkyfvkyf ol r em;rvnfa=umif; t"duawmh olrb0 rSm ol@rdom;pk pm;0wfaea&; ajyvnf+yD; awmh odkufokduf0ef;0ef;eJ@ at;at; csrf;csrf; ae&zkd@twGuf jzpfw,fvkd@ qkdyg w,f? vmr,fh a&SŒtywfrSm &efukefu ausmufukefonfawGeJ@ ausmufta&mif; t0,fvkyfief;qkdif&mudpP awGŒqkHzdk@ &SdwJh tjyif roGm;rjzpf oGm;&tkH;r,fvkd@ a':wifwifu ajymygw,f? “trkd;uawmh ausmufta&mif;t 0,f vkyfw,fqkdayr,fh olaX;r}uD;awmh wcgrS rjzpfygbl;? olaX;jzpf&ifvnf; tE W &m,frsm;ygw,f? acwfraumif;awmh pD; yGm;a&;vnf; odyfrajyvnfbl; om;&JŒ? trkd;wkd@vnf; udk,fhtajctaeeJ@ udk,f awmh tqifajyatmif ae&wmayg@? tck tajctaersKd;qdk awmfavmufyg+yD”vkd@ olrb0udk a&mifh&Jwif;wdrfpGmeJ@ ajymyg w,f?Ð

vrl sK;d pok yl ek rf sm;tm;ErdS Ef iS ;f &efpptf oed ;f tm;toijhfyiqf p;dk&rSwyof
vrl sK;d pok
yl ek rf sm;tm;ErdS Ef iS ;f &efpptf
oed ;f tm;toijhfyiqf
p;dk&rSwyof
iaf e
m;(3)
pmrsufESm ( 7 ) aumfvH ( 1 ) odk@
.
jynfaxmipfkowi;fpm
refae*sm
t,f'DwmtzGJ h
aX;0if; (pmwnf;csKyf)
rif;'if (wm0efcHpmwnf;)
atmifxGef;OD;
Ø
-0126982843
jzef hcsda&;wm0efcH
pmwnf;tzGJ h0ifrsm;
udkjrwfxGD;
ausmfoed f;cdkif
Ø
-0162956203
udkukad tmif
abmvHk;tm;upm;owif;
bapmwif
owif;pm tjyiftqif
óudifoef;
Email: nionne a e @gmail.com
xkwaf 0onafh e&m
uGmvmvrfylòrd@/ rav;&Sm;EldifiH
( T zkef;eHygwfrsm;wGif qufoG,f pHkprf;
Ekdifygonf? )
KNG owif; 10/ Edk0ifbm/ 2009
EkdifiHtwGif; 2010 a&G;aumufyJG+yD;
ajrmufygu/ vlrsKd;pk olykerf sm;tm; acsrkef;
&eftwGuf jrefrmppftpkd;&rS txl;wyf
om;(3)odef;ausmf v#Kd@0Sufjyifqif pk
aqmif;aea=umif; aejynawf mf&dS jrefrmppf
t&m&Sd}uD;rsm;ESifh eD;pyfaom o wif;t&
od&Sd&onf?
EkdifiHt0Srf;&Sd jrefrm=unf;wyfrsm;rS
i,f&G,fjzwfvwIf usef;rm oefprG f;aom
ppfom;rsm;ukd txl;wyfzJG@twGuf a&G;
cs,favhusifhxm;+yD;/ ppftpkd;&. e,fjcm;
apmifhwyfzJG@ toGiful;ajymif;a&; tqkdðy
csufukd qef@usifuef@uGufol/ vlrsKd;pk
vufeufukdifwyfzJG@rsm;tm; okwfoifacs
rkef;oGm;&ef ,if;txl;wyfzJG@rsm;ukd v_yf
&Sm;wyfzJG@tjzpf aqmif&GufoGm;aprnf[k
t+idrf;pm; ppfwyft&m&SdwOD;u ajym
=um;cJhonf? ,if;t+idrf;pm; t&m&Sd.
om;jzpfolrSm/ vuf&Sd txl;wyfzJG@0if
wpfOD; jzpfonf?
,if;txl;wyfzJG@tm; EkdifiHwGif;Y
tjcm;wyfzJG@ESifhrwlatmif “wkd;jr‡ifhppfa&;
avhusifhr_” trnfjzifh ppfa&;txl;oif
wef;rsm; avhusifhay;oGm;rnfjzpfa=umif;
aejynfawmfrSvmaom twGif;owif;t
&od&Sd&onf?
jrefrmppfwyf. vufatmufcH
e,fjcm; apmifhwyfajymif;vSJa&;tqkd qef@
usifaomvlrsKd;pkolykefrsm;tm; rkcstEkdif&
&ef pDrHxm;onf? vmrnfESpfa&G;aumuf
yJGt+yD;wGif w&m;r0if vufeufukdiftkyf
pktjzpf a=unmoGm;rnf? ,if;a=unm
csuf+yD;qkH;onfhtcg vlrsKd;pkolykefe,fajr
rsm;wGif/ jynfwGif; ppfrD;awmufavmif
vdrfhrnf[k jrefrmppwf yf. twGif;owif;
t& od&Sd&onf?
ppftpkd;&eHygwf(2) acgif;aqmif;
'kwd,AkdvfcsKyf}uD; armif at;onf KIO
tygt0if vlrsKd;pk vufeufukdiftzGJ@tm;
vkH;ukd acsr_ef;okwfoifEkdif&eftwGuf/ zJG@
pnf;+yD;jzpfa=umif;/ KIO t&m&drS sm;. ajym
=um;csuft& od&Sd&onf? jrefrmppfwyf
onf rkefqmvm OD;aqmifaom ,cif
rkef;ukd; umuG,fa&;wyfrawmf (MDA)
e,fajr&Sd/ rkef;ukd;tajcpkduf jrefrmppfp
cef;okd@ xl;qefaom "gwkvufeuf/ armf
pmrsufESm ( 8 ) aumfvH
( 4 ) odk@
.

j ynfaxmifpkowif;pmudk ZGefv? 2009 ckESpfrS pwifxkwfa0onf/

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/ pmrsufESm? 3 wudk yf aGJ =umihf e,pf yjfzwaf

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/

pmrsufESm?

3

wudk

yf aGJ =umihf e,pf yjfzwaf usmrf _ 'aD ubaD t ywd

yf if

apmodef;jrifh (autkdifpD) 04/ 'DZifbm/ 2009

autJef,l wyfr[m (7)e,f ajrwGif ,refae@u wkd;wufaom Ak'<bmom u&iftrsKd;om;wyfr awmf('DaubDat)ESifh autJef t,fvfat wyfzGJ@wkd@ wkdufyJGjzpf yGm;aoma=umifh ,ae@reufykdif; wGif 'DaubDat bufu e,fpyf jzwfausmfr_ukd ydwfypfvkduf onf[k od&onf? u&iftrsKd;om;vGwfajrmuf a&;wyfrawmf(autJeft,fvf at) wyf&if; (22) 'k-&if;r;ª Advk frª; apm'DhuG,fu “rae@u nae 3em &DtcsdefrSm olw@kd ('DaubDat) awG rJhu&J ESifh uavhzkd;uvkd; pyf =um;rSm usaemfwkd@vleJ@ 10rdepf avmuf tjyeftvSefypfcwf=u w,f? olw@kd qDu aoewf 1vuf/ ruUpif; 2 ckeJ@ "mwfqm;&nfwyk vif; usaemfwkd@&vkdufw,f? tJo vkd jzpfcJhwJhaemufrSm urf;em;rSm &SdwJh olwkd@ vlawGu wkdufyJGjzpfwJh ae&mudk vkdufvmwJhtcsdefrSm rdkif;AkH;eJ@ wa,mufxdjyefw,f? +yD;awmh 'Dreufuaep+yD; e,fpyf rSmqkd 'DaubDatu &Gmom;awG udk jzwfoGm;cGifh ray;awmhbl;” [k ajymonf? 'DaubDat wyfr[m (999) wyf&if; (7) wyf&if;rª; 'k-Akdvf rª;}u;D apmvkdufodrfhu e,fpyfjzwf

ausmfjcif;udk tuef@towfr&Sd ydwfyifvkdufonfhtay: xdkif; bufjcrf;&Sd Ekdbkd;aus;&GmrS &Gmol&Gm om;rsm;rSm rausreyfjzpf=u& onf[k &GmolwOD;u ,ckvdk ajym onf? olru “olwdk@ tcsif;csif; ypfcwf=u+yD;awmh rqDrqkdif usrwkd@ &Gmol&Gmom;awG oGm;wJh vrf;ukd ydwfypfw,f? usruawmh em;rvnfEkdifawmhbl;? &Gmom; awGe@J bmqifvkd kd@vJ/ tck usrwd@&k JŒ ESrf;cif;awGvnf; 'Dtwkdif;yJ xm; vkduf&w,f? oGm;&Sif;zkd@vnf; cGifhrðy/ bmqufvkyfawmhrSmvJ? b,ftcsdeftxd ydwfxm;r,f qkwd mvn;f rajymbl;”[k autifkd pDukd ajymonf? ,if;odk@ e,fpyfvrf; ywd fxm; onfhudpPESifhywfoufI 'Dau bDatwyfr[m 999/ wyf &if;(7)

wyf&if;rª; 'k-Adkvfrª;}uD; apmvkduf odrfhtm; autkdifpDu qufoG,f ar;jre;f &m “'uD pd P r+y;D jywf ao;whJ twGuf usaemf ajymvkd@r&ao; bl;? &Sif;+yD;rSajymr,f”[k jyefvnf ajz=um;cJhonf? ,ck wdkufyGJjzpfyGm;&m ae&m wGif +yD;cJhonfh atmufwkdbmv 8 &ufae@uvnf; 'DaubDatrS xikd ;f bufjcr;f &Sd &mG om;rsm; omG ;&m vrf;wGif ajrðr‡yfrkdif;rsm; axmif xm;cJhaoma=umifh xkdif;e,fjcm; apmifhwyfzJGŒESifh wif;rmr_ jzpfyGm;cJh &m ESpfbufpvHk;rS e,fpyfjzwf ausmfcGifhudk ESpf&uf=um ydwf yifcJhao;on?f xaedk &mw0kud fwGif xdik f;&Gmom;rsm;u jrerf mbufjcrf; od@ku;l I v,,f m/ awmif,m/ oD; ESHpkdufysKd;a&;ESifh arG;jrLa&;vkyfief; rsm;udk ae@csif;jyef oGm;a&mufvkyf ukdif=uonf?Ð

rsm;udk ae@csif;jyef oGm;a&mufvkyf ukdif=uonf? Ð u&ifjynfe,f wyfr[m(7 ) ae&mrsm;twGif;

u&ifjynfe,f wyfr[m(7 ) ae&mrsm;twGif; ppfa&;v_yf&Sm;aeonfh 'DaubDatppfom;rsm;

u&ifeD IDP 28 OD; xdkif; - jrefrme,fpyfodk h xGufajy;vGwfajrmuf

yg;&,f§ uE Wm&0wDwdkif;rf 08/ 'DZifbm/ 2009

u&ifeDjynf trSwf 2 c¶dkift wGif;&dS aus;&Gmrsm;wGif jrefrmppf wyfrsm;u vrf;jytjzpf tokH;ðy &ef r=umc%qifhac:r_a=umifh rcH &yEf kid fawmhI a'ocH&moG l/om; 28 OD; awmwGif;odk@ IDP tjzpf ESpfESifh csDI yek f;atmif;&mrS ,ckvtapm ydkif;u xdkif;-jrefrme,fpyfodk@ xGuf ajy;vGwfajrmufvm=u onf? jrefrmppfwyfrsm;onf vufeufudkif awmfvSefa&;vkyf aqmifaeaom u&ifeD wyrf awmf rsm; wdkufcdkufrnfudk a=umuf&GHŒpdk; &rd fI a&SŒwef; vrf;jy&mwGif &Gmol/ &Gmom;rsm;tm; ac:,ltokH;ðy onfhtwGuf aetdrfaus;&GmrS awmxJodk@ r=umc% xGufajy; wdrf;a&Smifae&aom a=umifh ,ckvdk xGufajy;&jcif; jzpfonf[k awmxJ Y wESpfausmf xGufajy;ykef;atmif; aecJh&aom IDP 28 OD;xJrS wOD;u ajymonf? “[drk Smqkd ppwf yfawG EdSypf uf w,aygf h? &Gmom;awGudk olvmEdSyf pufw,fav? tJ'ga=umifhrdk@vdk@ usaemfqdk &GmrmrS ae&b;l ? awmrSm yJoGm;tdyfw,f? =uufarG;vdk@r&

bl;? 0ufarG;vdk@r&bl; tJvdkav” [k oD;yvdk&Gmom; t,fjcufu ajymygonf? tqdkyg IDP 28 OD; onf zmaqmif;òrdŒe,f trSwf 2 c¶dkif twGif;rS oD;yvdkESifh uAdG;'dk; aus;&mrG sm; jzpf=u+yD; tdrfaxmifpk tm;jzifh ig;tdrfaxmif yg&Sdonf? ‚if;wdk@onf u&ifeD'kuQonf t rSwf 1 pcef;odk@ ,ck'DZifbm2 &uf ae@uwnf;u a&muf&Sdae+yDjzpf aomfvnf; w&m;0if 'kuQonf tjzpf vufcHrnf/ rvufcHrnfrSm a'ocH xdkif;tm%mydkifrsm;ESifhom ouf qdkifygonf? ,cktcg vlopfrsm;udk 'kuQ onftjzpf vufcH&mwGif u&ifeD 'kuQonf yifraumfrDwDESifh ,ltJef tdyfpDtmtzGJ@wdk@ESifh wdkuf¶dkuf oufqdkifr_r&SdbJ xdkif; tm%mydkif tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;jzpfaom xdkif;ppf wyfrsm;ESifh xdkif;jynfxJa&;(MOI) wdk@. qHk;jzwfcsufrsm;uom t"du usonf? xdkif;tm%mydkifrsm;onf jynfwGif;rS a&muf&dSvmaom vlopfrsm;udk vufeuf udkif awmfvSefa&; tzGJ@tpnf;ESifh jrefrm ppfwyfwdk@t=um; wdkufyGJ jzpfyGm;jcif;/ jrefrmppfwyfwdk@. zdEdSyfn‡if;yef;r_rsm;ESifh jynfwGif; ppfa=umifh trSefwu,f xGuf

ajy;a&muf&dSvmjcif; &dS/ r&dSudk pDppfoGm;rnf jzpfonf? jrefrm ppfwyfrsm;onf &Gmol/&Gmom; rsm;tm; a&SŒwef;vrf;jy tokH;ðy &mwGif vltdkaomfvnf;aumif;/ vlysKdaomfvnf;aumif;/ trsKd; orD;vnf;aumif; ac:,lavh&Sd onf[k u&ifeDjynftrSwf 2 c&dkifrª; zm;rª;uajymonf? ‚if;u “tu,fI &Gmom;eJ@ aygif;+yD; oGm;w,fq&kd if usaemfwd@k u&ifeDawGu ol@udk t&rf;rvkyf &Jbl;qkdwm olwkd@odw,fav? ac:wJh vlwkdif;qkd&if olwkd@ vrf;jy taeeJ@ ac:w,f? 'grJh olwkd@ydk@wJh vrf;u wkdufyGJrjzpf&bl;? wkdufyGJ wpHkw&mjzpf&if tJvludk ta&;,l w,f” [k ajymqdkoGm;cJhonf? trSwf 2-c¶dkifwGif aus;&Gm aygif; 40-ausmf &dSonfhteuf tcsKdŒ aus; &Gmrsm;onf awmxJY xGufajy; ykef;atmif;aeaom aus;&Gmrsm; &dSaeovdk/ +idrf;csrf;a&; tzGJ@jzpf aom uvvwtzGJ@odk@ yg0ifv#if jrefrmppfwyfrsm;u vma&muf aESmuf,Sufr_ r&dSonfh twGuf t csKdŒaomaus;&Gmrsm; vnf; +idrf;csrf;a&;tzGJ@odk@ 0if a&mufonfudk vnf; &dSaea=umif; t,fjcufu qufajymoGm;yg onf?Ð

jrerf mppof

m;rsm; txutf

&m&rdS sm;tm;owIf

af jy;

xuG

ynma&;tay: ausmif;om;§olrsm;ESifh ausmif;om;rdbrsm; pdwf0ifpm;r_&Sdvm

¶kdifra&mh (12/ 'DZifbm/2009? 15 'DZifbm 2009) rGefynma&; aumfrwD (Mon

Na ional Ed ca ion Commi ee) rS wdk@vdkrsKd;usawmh cav;awGudk &SifawG tv_aiGjzwfawmufvdkuf

zGJ@pnf;wnfaxmifxm;onfh ausmif;rsm;rSm ynmoif=um; ae aom ausmif;om;§olrsm; ynm oif=um;r_tydkif;Y pdwfpm;r_ ydkrdk rsm;jym;vma=umif;od&onf? reG yf nma&; aumfrwDrS wnf axmifxm;onfh ausmif;aygif; (154) ausmif;ESifh tpdk;&ausmif;ESifh yl;wGJoif=um;aeonfh ausmif; aygif; (118) ausmif;wdk@rSm ynm oif=um;aeonfh ausmif;om; §olwdk@. 2009-2010 ynmoif =um;r_ tajcae cgwkid f;EpS awf Gxuf ydkrdkwdk;wufvmaeonf? “cgwdkif;ESpfrSmqdk&if ausmif;

om;awGESpf0ufavmufrSm

ESpfpOf vkyfief;vnfywfEdkifcJhonf? “MNECu zGJ@pnf;xm;wJh ausmif;awGu EdkifiHwumu tvª

tkyfcsKyfuGyfuJr_atmufwGif oif=um;ae&onf? “aiGa=u;rwufEdkifol usr

KNG owif; 5/ Edk0ifbm/ 2009 jrefrmEkdifiHajrmufykdif; a'o u csifjynfe,f trSwf(1) ucsif vGwfajrmufa&;wyfteD;&Sd/ a&S@ wef;pcef;rS jrefrmppfom;6-OD; onf/ rdrdwkd@. txuft&m&Sd wOD;tm; aoewfjzifhypfowfI vufeufrsm;,laqmifum xGuf ajy;oGm;=ua=umif; vG,f*s,ft ajcpkduf jrefrmppfpcef;ESifh eD;pyf aom todifk ;t0ifkd ;rsm;rS wqiofh d &Sd&onf? towfcH&olrSm wyf=uyf }uD;tqifhjzpf+yD; ol.vuf atmufcHwyfom;rsm;u/ atmuf

wkdbmv(3)&ufpaeae@/ n(*) em&DcJGcef@wGif/ Aef;armfc¶kdif vG,f *s,fpcef;wGif oltm;aoewfjzifh ypfowfcJh=uonf? xkdwyf=uyf }uD;rSm rnfolrn0f g jzpa=uf mif;ukd rod&ao;ay/ vG,f*s,faus;&Gm teD;wGif wyfom;(30)ausmfcef@ onf ,if; vlowform;rsm;tm; &SmazGae=u+yD; &Gmom;rsm;tm; pkHprf; ar; jref;cJh=uaomfvnf;/ ,ckwkdifatmif aysmufqkH;ppfom; rsm;tm; ajc&mcHIr&Ekdifao;ay? ,if;ppfom;rsm;rSm qm;arSmfòr@ trSwf(105)ajcv#ifwyf&if;rS jzpf =u+yD; vG,f*s,fpcef;wGif wm0ef

xrf;aqmif&ef apv$wfjcif;cH=u& onf? tqkdygwyf=uyf}uD;rSm KIA wyf&if;(1)ESifhr=umc% wkdufyGjJzpf yg;G av&Sdh aom e,fajrokd@ uif;vSnfh &ef wm0eay;f tyfcJh&m/ ,if;wkd@ t aejzifh xtEkd &mW ,frsm; aomae&m okd@ roGm;vkd=uojzifh ,if;wyf =uyf}uD;tm; vkyf=uHowfjzpfjcif; jzpfonf? “ArmppfwyfxJrSm 'Dvkd jzpyf suf aewmaw[G m b&mk ;ocif &Jh tvawkd mfa=umiyfh vJ d@k usaemfwd@k vG,f*s,f &Gmom;awGu okH;oyf =uw,f”[k vG,f*s,f&Gmom; wOD;u ajymqkdcJhonf? Ð

rGefausmif;rSmyJ xm;ay;Edkifw,f/ aiGa=u;tukefusenf;w,f/ tpdk;&ausmif;awGusawmh c% [ka=d u;/ 'Da=u; qk+dyD;awmh ae@wdkif; vdkvdkaumufaew,fqdkawmh b,fvdkrSrwufEdkifbl;/ 'Dausmif; rsKd;uawmh usrwdk@ cav;awG&Jh tem*wftwuG awf mh aumif;wm aygh/ 'grSr[kwf&ifawmh usrwdk@ cav; pmwufrSmr[kwfbl;”[k rGeftrsKd;om;ausmif;rS ausmif; om; rdbwpfOD;u ajymonf? 2009-2010 ynmoifESpf twGif; rGefynma&;ausmif;rS ausmif;om; (36000) ausmf&Sd+yD;/ q&m§q&mrpkpkaygif; 789 a,muf&Sdonf? rGefynma&; ausmif;udk ulnD axmufyHhay;ae onfh tv_&Sifrsm; vª'gef;r_ jzwf axmufrnf[k owif;xGufay:

aer_tay: (MNEC) taejzifh tvª&Sifrsm;xHrS tv_aiGrsm;udk yHkrSeftwdkif; vufcH&&Sdaea=umif; vnf; od&onf? rGefynma&; ausmif;udk (In e na ionalNGO) tzGJ@pnf;ESpfzGJ@xHrS axmufyHha=u; rsm;&&Sdae+yD;/ if;wdk@xHrS &&Sdonfh aiGyrm%onf vHkavmufrr_ &ay?Sd odk@aomfvnf; ausmif;ol§om; rdbwdk@. ulnDaxmufyHhr_rsm;jzifh

vJ/ 'Dynma&;u ysufoGm;rSm r[kwfb;l / bmjzpfv@qdk kad wmh tvª &SifawGu &wJhaiGyrm%[m ausmif;om;rdbawGu&wJh aiG xufudk enf;aew,f/ tck q&m§ q&mrawGudk vpmay;aewJh aiG awGu (Dono ) u&wJhaiG tm;vHk; r[kwfbl;/ (Dono ) u&wJhaiG oHk;yHkwpfyHkavmufyJygw,f/ ESpfyHk uawmh ausmif;om;rdbawG axmufyHhwJh aiGawGjzpfw,f” [k A[dkynma&; 'k-wm0efcHu ajymonf? rGefynma&; aumfrwDrS zGJ@ pnf;xm;onfhausmif;rS q&m§ q&mrsm;u vpmudk oHk;v wpf }udrfxkwfay;ae+yD;/ wpfvv#if ysrf;r# xdkif;bwf (600) &&Sdae+yD;/ wpfESpftwGuf (10) vpm vccH pm; cGifh&a=uSd mif;vnf; if;u quf &Sif;jyonf? a'ocH ausmif;om; rdbwdk@ uvnf; wdk;wufvmaeonfh om;orD;wdk@.ynma&; tay:

tm;ay;r_&Sdvm+yD; wcsKd@ aus;&Gm awGrSm q&m§q&mrrsm; twGuf vpmaxmufyhHay;ae onfh tjyif wpfvv#if qefwpf tdwfjzifh axmufyhHaeonfrsm;vnf; &Sd onf?Ð

ppfawGwGif a&oGif;caps;}uD;I òrdŒvlxk tcufóuH

ed&OP&m 15 / 'DZifbm/ 2009

&cdkifjynfe,f òrd@awmf ppfawG wGif tdrfrsm;odk@ a&oGif;,l&mwGif pnfyifrS aiGa=u; rwefwq aumufcHojzifh òrdŒaevlxkrSm a& &&Sd&ef tcufóuHae=u&onf[k owif; &&Sdonf? aus;yif}uD;&yfuGufrS t&yfvl}uD; wOD;jzpfol OD;ausmf armifu “a&oGif;vdkwJh tdrfawG taeeJ@ av#mufv$myHkpHw&Gufudk 3000 usyfay;&ygw,f? av#muf v$mus&i faemufxuf usyf 52000 udk pnfyifudk ay;oGif;&yg w,f? tJovdk usyf 52000 oGif; ayr,fh pnfyifu aiGvufcH ajypm udk xkwfray;yg? b,folrS r&yg?” [k ajymonf?

,ckuJhodk@ tdrfrsm;rS aiG aumufcHaejcif;rSm a&ydkufvHk; topf wyqf if+y;D aemuf jzpof nf? if;jyif a&ydkuf tdrfwa&muf oG,fwe;f &eEf Sifh wyfqifc twGuf vnf; aiGxyfrHay;&onf[k olu ajymonf? “tdrfuvdk m+y;D ykud of ,G wf ef; ay;wJh pnfyifu t&m&SdeJŒ vkyfc twGuf usyf 15000 aemufxyf ay;&ygw,f? a&rDwm tygt0if tdrfwtdrfrSm pnfyifuay;wJh a& &&Sda&;twGuf tenf;qHk; ydkufqH wpof de;f ukeyf gw,?f ” qif;&aomJ rdom;pkrsm;rSm tqdkygaiGudk ukefus rcHEdkifojzifh aomufa& oHk;a& r&&SdbJ jzpfae=u&onf[k wjcm; abmufoD;pk&yfuGufu trsKd;orD; wOD;uvnf; ajym

onf? “txl;ojzifh&Gm}uD;ajrmuf/ 'dk;0ef;&Gm/ qiful;vrf;/ a&$jym;/ ausmif;wufvrf;/ abmufoD;pku qif;&JwJh rdom;pkawG taeeJ@ pnfyifu a&udk oGif;,lzdkŒ ydkufqH rwwfEdkifwJhtwGuf vrf;rawG ay:udk xGuf+yD; ydkufvHk}uD;rSm wyfqifxm;wJh a&acgif;u wqifh a&awGudk o,f,l=u&ygw,f? pnfyifu a&ay;wmu pkpkaygif; ESpf}udrf jzpfygw,f? reufw}udrf eJ@ naew}udrfyg? ay;wmu w}udrfrSm 1 em&DbJ ay;ygw,f? a& vmo,fwJh vlu trsm;}uD;qdk awmh a&udk vHkavmufatmif&zdk@ qdkwm rvG,fEdkifygbl;? 'ga=umifh ppfawGrSm qif;&JwJh rdom;pk a&eJŒ

ausmif;xGuf vkud fwmw@/dk pmar;yGJ ajzcgeD;rSm ausmif;xGufvdkufwm&Sd w,f/ ausmif;pmbufrSm pdwf0if pm;r_enf;aew,f/ 'DESpfrSmawmh ausmif;om;awG pmbufrSmvnf; pdwf0ifpm;r_ydk&Sdvmw,f/ ausmif; xuG fwmvJr&Sdbl;”[k reG fynma&; aumfrwDrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymon?f rGefynma&; aumfrwrD S zGJ@pnf;xm;onfh ausmif;aygif; 272ausmif; teuf 154 ausmif; rSm xkad umfrwD. tkyfcsKyfuyG fuJr_ atmufY&Sd+yD;/ usefonfh 118 ausmif;udk jrefrmppftpdk;&wdk@.

pmrsufESm (5) aumfvH (4) odk@ .

pmrsufESm (5) aumfvH (4) odk@ .

j ynfaxmifpkowif;pmudk ZGefv? 2009 ckESpfrS pwifxkwfa0onf/

pmrsufESm? 4 ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/ wpn &cdkiwGf if pnf;±;Hk a&;vkyif e;f

pmrsufESm?

4

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/

4 ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/ wpn &cdkiwGf if pnf;±;Hk a&;vkyif e;f rsm;

wpn &cdkiwGf

if pnf;±;Hk a&;vkyif e;f rsm;

tifwdkuftm;wdkuf ðyvkyf_yD

ed&OP&m 13/ 'DZifbm/ 2009

wdkif;&if;pnf;vHk;nD!Gwfa&; ygwDrS &cdkifjynfe,wf Gif pnf;¶Hk;a&; vyk fief;rsm;udk tifwdkuf tm;wudk f ðyvkyfae+yD jzpfonf? “owl dkŒ pnf; ¶Hk;a&; vkyfief;awGudk pwifaewm

u wvausmf ESpfveD;yg;&Sd+yDxif

ygw,f? ppfawGrSmqdk&if tkef;w

yif/ qiful;vrf;/ a&$jym;eJ@ emZD&Gm

&yfuGufawGudk qif;+yD; }uHhzGH@u vlawGeJ@aygif;+yD; pnf;¶Hk; a&;qif; aewmudk awGŒ&ygw,f” [k ppfawGòrdŒcHwOD;u ajymonf? wpnygwDrS pnf;¶Hk;a&;qif; olrsm;taejzifh olwdk@ygwDtm; axmufcHatmif aiG/ t0wftpm;

ESifh qefponfrsm;udkvnf; qif;&J

aom&yfuGufrsm;odk@ oGm;a&muf vª'gef;+yD; vlxktm; pnf;¶Hk;a&; vkyfaeonf[k olu ajymonf? “olw@udk pnf;¶k;H wtcJh g qif;

&JwJh &yfuGufawGudkoGm;+yD; qef/ t0wftpm;eJ@ aiGawGudk axmufyHh

wJh oabmrsdK;ay;+yD; vª'gef;wm

jzpfygw,f? +yD;&if wpnygwDudk axmufcH=uzdkŒ olwdkŒajymygw,f? wpnygwDqdkwm wdkif;jynfudk OD;aqmifcJhwJh acgif;aqmifawG trsm;tjym;yg0ifw,f? olwdkŒ tm%mjyef&&if wdkif;&if;om; jynfolawG tusKd;udk aqmif&Guf

ay;Ed_ifw,f qdk+yD; ajymygw,f?” ,ckuJhodk@ pnf;¶Hk;a&;qif;aeaomf vnf; wpnygwDudk ,cif rqv

ygwDESifh aumifpD0ifa[mif; rod m;pk rsm;rSty jynof vl xl rk sm; axmuf cHrludk rawGŒ&a=umif; olu ajym onf? “trsm;pku rqv ygwD0if

a[mif;awGqdkawmh vlxku olwdk@

udk odyfaxmufcHwm rawGŒ&yg

bl;? olwk@pd nf;¶Hk;ayr,fh &cdkifvlxk

u odyfvdkvdkvm;vm;&Sdwmudk r awGŒ&ao;ygbl;?”wpnygwD

onf ,cktcg &cdkifjynfe,f. t"d

u òrd@rsm;jzpfaom ausmufawmf/

ajrmufOD;/ rif;jym;/ ausmufjzL/ &aohawmif/ bl;oD;awmifESifh armifawmòrdŒe,fwdk@wGif ¶Hk;cGJrsm; zGifhvSpf v_yf&Sm;ae+yD; txl;ojzifh aus;vua'f orsm;oŒdk om;G a&muf pnf;¶Hk;aejcif;jzpfonf? wpnyg wDrS ,ckuJhodk@ pnf;&Hk;a&;qif;ae aomfvnf; a'oqdkif&m tm%m ydkifrsm;u wpHkw&m[ef@wm;rrl ðy

vyk of nhtjf yif axmufcHyhyH dk; rr_ sm;

udk ðyvkyfaeonf[k od&onf?Ð

&cdkifjynfe,f&Sd òrd@e,fwpfckrS wpnygwD¶kH;
&cdkifjynfe,f&Sd òrd@e,fwpfckrS wpnygwD¶kH;

KPF OuUX apmokrk[J usef;rma&; tvGefqkd;&Gm;ae

apmodef;jrifh (autkdifpD)

yg;

awmif&Sdae+yD? bmjzpfvkd@vJ

u

qkdonf?

03/ 'DZifbm/ 2009

qkd&if +yD;cJhwJh Ekd0ifbmvqef;ykdif;

touf (60)ausmft&G,f&Sd

u

auyDtufzf wyf&if;(3)rª;

ol

apmokrk[Jonf u&iftrsKd;

u&ifjynfe,f/ a[mifoa&m txl;a'o u&if+idrf;csrf;a&; wyfzJG@ auyDtufzfwyfzJG@. OuUX jzpfol apmokrk[Jonf usef;rm a&; qdk;;&Gm;pGm cHpm;ae&onf[k auyDtufzfowif;rsm;t& od& onf? vGefcJhonfh Ekd0ifbmv (15) &ufae@wGif usef;rma&; tajct aea=umifh &efukef r*vF m'kH ppfaq; ¶kHY aq;ukor_ cH,lcJh&m wve;D yg; =um+yDjzpfaomfvnf; ,cktcsdefxd oufomvmjcif;r&Sdao;a=umif; trnfrazmfvkdonfh auyDtufzf wyfzJG@ESifh tvGefeD;pyfolwOD;u ajymonf? olu “olŒvlawGajymjycsuf t& qkd&if aq;¶kHwuwf m 1-veD;

apmav;0g;(a[mif;)eJ@ apm0g;cs,f

wkd@=um;rSm jzpfyGm;cJhwJh yÉdyuQ wkef;uvnf; pum;awmifrajym Ekdifawmhbl;? Akdvfrª;av;0g;udk tem;ay;zkd@ wm0efv$Jajymif;pmxJ rSmvnf; eHrnf qkdif;xkd;zkd@awmif tEifkd Edik fyJav? =um;od&oavmuf

qd&k

if tckcsed qf

dk ol(ork [k

J )&euf

ek f

r*Fvm'kH ppfaq;¶kHrSmyJ &Sdaeao;

w,f”[k ajymonf? vuf&SdtcsdefwGif OuUXjzpfol apmokrk[J usef;rma&; tvGefqkd; &Gm;aeaoma=umifh auyDtufzf wyfzJGŒ. OuUX ae&mudk 'k-OuUX jzpfol apma'ga'gu ,m,Dwm0ef ,lxm;onf[k twnfrðyEkdif onfh auyDtufzf owif;&yf uuG f

om;vGwfajrmufa&;wyfrawmf (autJeft,fvfat) wy&f if;(16) wyf&if;rª; a[mif;jzp+fy;D 1997ckEpS f wGif ppfonftiftm; (50)ausmf ESifhtwl u&ifjynfe,f/ =umtif; qdyf}uD;òrdŒe,f/ usdwfaus;&GmY etzppftpkd;&xHwGif vufeufcs +idrf;csrf;a&;,lcJhonf? apmokrk[J OD;aqmifonfh auyDtufzfwyfzJG@onf rGefjynf e,f/ armfvòrifòd rdŒwGif tajccscJh&m wyf&if; (3)&if;/ vl tiftm; (350) ausmfjzifh zJGŒpnf;xm;+yD; e,fjcm; apmifhwyf toGif ul;ajymif;&ef twGuf E_wfuwtm;d jzifh oabm wlxm;aom u&if+idrf;csrf;a&; tzJGŒwzJGŒ jzpfonf?Ð

e,fjcm;apmifhwyfvufcHonfh typfcwf&yftzGJŒrsm; udk,fydkiftcGifhta&; qHk;±;E+H dkif

rdusvGe;f axm(reG of wif;at*sifp)D 12/ 'DZifbm/ 2009 wdkif;&if;om; typf&yftzGJŒ rsm;jzpfonfh ucsif(NDAK)/ u&if eD(uvvw)wdkŒu jrefrmppftpdk;

& vdkvm;onfh e,fjcm;apmifh

wyftjzpfodk@ ajymif;vJoGm;+yD; aemufydkif; 'DZifbmv 5 &ufae@ wifG udk;uef@tzŒwdkGJ @vnf; e,fjcm; apmifhwyf toGifajymif;vdkufjcif;

onf if;wŒ.dk uk,d fykid ftcGitafh &; rsm; qHk;¶_H;oGm;Edkifonf[k rGefjynf opfygwD taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rª; Edkif[Homu ajymonf? “tckcsdefrSm tpdk;&u &duQm/ vpmwdk@ ay;+yD;awmh vuf&Sd udk,fh

&Jh ppf0wfpHkawGutp olwdk@ tvdk

&Sdovdk ajymif;vJvdkufw,f/ olwdkŒ

&Jh trdef@udk emcH&vdrfhr,f/ udk,fh

vlrsKd;twGuf óud;yrf;&muae oŒwl dkŒ&hJ tred f@udk emcH&b0 a&muf oGm;cJh&w,f/ olwdk@u wzufrSm xrif;au|;+yD; wzufrSm trdef@ay; aew,f/ udk,fhtwGuf bmrS qHk; jzwfydkifcGifh r&Sdawmhbl;/ udk,fh&JŒ trsKd;om;tcGifhta&;awGuvdk nf;

tqHk;¶_H;cH&rSm taocsmyJ” [k Edkif[Homu qkdonf? e,fjcm;apmifhwyfcGifh[k trnfay;xm;aomfvnf; vuf awGŒwGif ppftpdk;&. trdef@udkom

emcH& rnf jzpof n?f tpOD;yif;dk wifG wdkif;&if;om;tzGJŒtpnf;rsm;.

vkyfydkifcGifh &ydkifcGifhrsm;ay;aomf vnf; aemufydkif;wGif if;wdk@tm; vHk;udk ydwfyifrnf jzpfonf? trsKd; om;umuG,fa&;wyf r&Sdv#if

wif;dk &if;om;tcGifhta&;awGvnf;

qHk;¶_H;Edkifonf[k Edkif[Homu ajymonf? rGefjynfopfygwDrS tem;,l xm;onfh Avdk frª;a[mif; Ekid faumif;

wv&wfu “ppftpdk;&vuf atmufudk a&muf&SdoGm;+yDqdk&if

olwdkŒ&Jh trdefŒtwdkif; emcH&awmh r,f/ axmufvSrf;a&;tzGJŒjzpfwJh AdkvfcsKyfcif!Gef@udkawmif olwdk@ òzdcGJEdkifw,fqdk&if 'Dwdkif;&if;om; tzGJ@awGudkvnf; olwdk@tzGJ@ jzpf vmatmifvkyfzdkŒu vG,fvG,f av;yg” [k if;.tjrifudk ajym onf? vufeufudkifwyfzGJ@jzpf

onfh u&iftrsKd;om;tpnf;t¶Hk; (KNU) rS wdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd;rsm; aumifpD (jrefrmEdkifiH). twGif; a&;rª; apma';Apfaxm u “etz awGu ppfa&;tiftm;jy+yD;awmh KPF wdk@vdk/ udk;uef@tzGJ@wdk@vdk e,fjcm;apmifhwyf vufcHatmif vkyfaewm[m wifkd ;&if;om;awuG kd aoG;cGJwJh enf;pepfwpfck jzpfw,f vdk@ u|efawmfjrifygw,f” [k qdk ygonf? udk;uef@tzGJ@ (MNDAA) onf 1989 ckESpfwGif Armjynf uGefjrLepfygwDrS cGJxGufcJh+yD; jrefrmppftpdk;& ESifh typftcwf &yfpJcJhonf? zkefusm;&Sif OD;aqmif aom if;tzGJŒonf 2008 ckESpf uwnf;u ppftpdk;& awmif;qdk xm;onfh e,fjcm;apmifhwyf toGifajymif; a&;udk jiif;y,fvdkuf +yD;aemuf +yD;cJhonfh =o*kwfvwGif if;. rdom;pkESifh aemufvdkuf udk;uefŒwyfzGJŒrsm;udk rl;,pfaq; 0g;ESifh w&m;r0ifvufeufrsm; &Sdonf[k ta=umif;jy+yD; wdkuf xkwfðzwfcscJhonf?Ð

M . Ch i ina tm; jrefrmjynfrS jynfESif'%fay;

tifwmeuf owif; &efukefòrd@&Sd tar&duefpif wmwGif t*Fvdyfpmoif=um;v#uf &Sdaom M . Ch i ina tm; jrefrm jynfrS jynfESif'%fay;vdkuf a=umif; tar&duef oH¶kH;ESifh eD;pyf aomowif;&yuf Gufu ajymonf?

tar&duef aumifppf0ef¶kH;wGif

yw0f ef;usifa&;&m jy\emrsm;EifhS ywfoufI aqG;aEG;yGJ ðyvkyfcJh+yD; tjyef &efukef ta0;ajy; um;*dwf

Y tm%mydkifrsm;u xdef;odrf;I

&efukef avqdyfokd@ ydk@aqmifvkduf onf[k qdkonf? ,if;aqG;aEG;yGJodk@ rE Wav; trsKd;om; 'Drdkua&pDtzGJ@csKyfrS vli,frsm;vnf; wufa&muf cJha=umif; od&onf? tar&duef

vkyfie;f orm;rsm;twuG f xkwfay; xm;aomADZmtrsKd;tpm;udk udkifaqmifxm;+yD;&efukef tar&d uefpifwm&Sd ywf0ef;usif xdef; ord f;a&;tz@.GJ pnf;¶;kH a&;rª; vnf; jzpfonf? arvu&efukeftar&duef

Ch i inaonf rE Wav;òrd@&Sd vmapmifh+yD;awmh avqdyfudk pifwmtpDtpOfjzifh rE Wav;wGif

oifwef;ay;v#uf&Sdaom "mwfykH owif;axmuf *s,f&D&ufzef; (Je Redfe n)ESihf ZeD; jzpfol pma&;q&mrum&ifukwfpf (Ka en

Coa e ) wkd@ 2 OD;udkvnf;,ckuJhodk@ jyefvnf ydk@aqmifcJhzl;onf? &efukef&Sd tar&duef pifwmonf t*Fvdyfpmoifwef;rsm;ESifh pm=unfhwkdufrsm; zGifhvSpfay;xm;

+yD; vlodrsm;onfh ae&mwckjzpf

oH¶kH;ESifh eD;pyfolwOD;u “rE Wav; tar&duef aumifppf0ef;¶kH;rSm olu ywf0ef;usif xdef;odrf;a&;eJ@ ywfouf+yD;awmh oifwef;ay; w,f/ +yD;cJhwJh paeae@ ajrmuf OuUvm atmifr*Fvmum;*dwf jyefa&muf a&mufcsif;rSmyJ ol@udk

wef;ykd@vkdufw,f/ ol@tcef;awmif ay;rjyefbl;”[kajymonf? tar&duefoH¶kH; vufaxmuf jyef=um;a&;t&m&Sdu D ake

Wei e utqdkygowif;ESifh ywf oufI twnfðy ajym=um;cJhaomf vnf; tao;pdwf ajymqdk&ef jiif;y,fcJhonf? 2007 ckESpfu pwifI jrefrm jynfokd@ pmoif=um;ydk@cs&ef a&muf &daS eaom Ch i ina onf pD;yGm;a&;

onf?Ð

j ynfaxmifpkowif;pmudk ZGefv? 2009 ckESpfrS pwifxkwfa0onf/

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/ pmrsufESm? 5 unerS vdkifpifopfudk jy+yD; armfawmfqdkifu,f

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/

pmrsufESm?

5

unerS vdkifpifopfudk jy+yD; armfawmfqdkifu,f pD;olrsm;xHrS tqrwef aiGaumuf

qdk&if qdkifu,fvdkifpifc rwwfEdkif wJhtwGuf qdkifu,fudk a&mif;&t cuf/ pD;&tcufeJŒ pdwfaomu jzpf ae=u&ygw,f”[k ppfawGrS armf awmfqdkufu,fydkif&Sif aemufxyf vli,fwpfOD;u ajymonf? i;f tjyif ,cif vikd pf ifa[mi;f rsm;udk oHk;pGJaeolrsm; taejzifh ,cktcsdefxd vdkifpifa[mif;jzifh

om;G vmEkid fao;aomfvn;f topf vkid fpifESifh vJvS,vf kyd gu qkid fu,f trsKd;tpm;tvdkuf usyfaiG 50000 rS 100000 ausmfxday; oGif;&rnf[k unerS !$ef=um; xm; onf[k tqdkyg vli,fu

ajymonf?

&cdkifjynfe,fwGif òrdŒawmf ppfawGonf armfawmfqdkifu,f toHk;trsm;qHk;aom òrdŒwpfòrdŒ jzpfaomfvnf; ,ckuoJh dk@ qkifud ,f vdkif pifrsm;udk enf;trsKd;rsKd;jzifh xkwfum wESpfwrsKd; aiGa=u; aumufcHaeojzifh qdkifu,fpD;ol rsm;rSm txl;pdwfysuf ae=uonf [kvnf; od&onf? &cdkijfynef ,f twGi;f vr;f yr;f qufoG,fa&; nHhzsif;onfhtjyif ,ckvuf&Sd armfawmfum;vrf;rSm vnf; vrf;=urf;+yD; wae&mrS

(74) }udrfajrmuf ygarmuQ a'gufwmat;ausmf arG;ae@yJGusif;y

}udrfajrmuf ygarmuQ a'gufwmat;ausmf arG;ae@yJGusif;y q&m}uD; a'gufwmat;ausmf 74 ESpf

q&m}uD; a'gufwmat;ausmf 74 ESpf ajrmufarG;ae@trSwfw&

vkyfaqmifcJha=umif;? 2005 ck ESpf wGif &ckdifvlrsKd;rsm; tem*wf tusKd;twGuf Wo ld A akane e

O gani a ion(WAO) q&m}uD; ae

tdrfwGif pwifwnfaxmifchJykH ta=umif;? xif;kd Edifk iH csLvmavmif uGef wuUokdvfwGifðyvkyfaom yxrqkH;t}udrf &ckdif&mZ0if/ &ckdiforkdif; olawoe&Sifvif;yJGukd EkdifiHwuumrS ynm&Sifrsm;tm; OD;aqmif&Sif;vif;EkdifcJha=umif;/” csD;usL;ajymqkda[majymcJh+yD;? udk,fa&;tusOf; a'gufwmat;ausmfukd 1939 ckESpfu &cdkifjynfe,f awmifukwf òrdŒe,f wef;vGJacsmif; ¶Gmr &Gmopf wGif arG;zGm;cJhonf? a'gufwm at;ausmf qnf;yl;&&dcS aomJh ynm &yfqdkif&m bGJŒrsm;rSm - B.A (Hi o and Religion) &efukef wuUodkvf (1959)/ B.A (Hono )

O ien al Hi o &efukefwuUodkvf

(1960)/ M.A(Hi o ofA ia) &efukef wuUodkvf (1964)/ B.L (La ) &efukefwuUodkvf (1966)/ PhD(Hi o ofSo hea A ia) Mona h Uni e i . A alia. 1979 ponfhbGJ@rsm;udk&&SdcJhonf? a'gufwmat;ausmfonf uxdu (ordkif;Xme) &efukef wuUodkv f(1962-1980)? wGJzuf ygarmuQ (ordkif;Xme) z,wf wuUodkvf/ csif;rdkif/ xdkif;EdkifiH (1982-84)? uxdu (acwfopf

bmomaA'ESifh o'NaA'Xme) aumfeJwuUodkvf/ e,l;a,muf/ (1984-89)? bmomjyef u|r;f usif

ol ( ouUwpmayXme) [m;Awf wuoU dkvf/ tar&duef jynfaxmif pk/ (1991-02)? wGJzufygarmuQ (ouf}uD;rsm;twGuf pOfqufr jywfynmoif=um;a&; tpD tpOf) e,l;a,mufwuUodkvf/ tar&d

uefjynfaxmifpk/(1993-95)?

wGJzufygarmuQ(tm&S okawo eXme) e,l;a,mufwuUodkvf/ tar&duefjynfaxmifpk (1996- 99)/ vGwfvyfaom tm&StoH (R.F.A) jrefrmydkif; tpDtpOfwGif t}uHay; t,f'Dwm (3ESpfcef@) tjzpf wm0efrsm;xrf;aqmifcJh+yD; ,cktcg tar&duef jynfaxmifpk e,l;a,mufòrdŒwGif t+idrf;pm;,lI jrefrmhta&; qdkif&mrsm;udk aqmif ¶Gufaexdkifvsuf&Sdonf?

a'gufwmat;ausmfa&;om; xkwfa0cJhonfhpmtkyfrsm; - 1? &Srf;vlrsdK;rsm;. ,Ofaus;r_rsm; ESifh ¶dk;&m"avh (1968) 2? jrefrmEdkifiH trsdK;om;ynma&; ordkif;(1970)pmtkyfjzifh 1971 ck ESpftwGuf trsKd; om;pmayqkudk qGwcl;f cJhonf? 3? &cdkifvlrsKd;rsm;.,Ofaus;r_rsm; ESifh ¶dk;&m"avh (1973) 4? On he Bi h of Mode n Famil La in B ma and Thailand. Singa - o e (1990)Ð

ukdukdatmif 27/ 'DZifbm/ 2009 tar&duefEkdifiH e,l;a,muf òrd@&Sd q&m}u;D a'gufwmat;ausmf . okc0wDaetdrfwGif 74 ESpf ajrmufarG;ae@yJGukd 'DZbFmv 27 &ufae@u ckdifatmifausmfESifh w ynfhom;orD;rsm;rS pnfum;okduf òrdufpGmusif;ycJha=umif; e,l; a,mufrS vmaomowif;t& od&onf? q&m}uD;arG;ae@rS jrefrmEkdifiH om;rsm;tm; ajym=um;vkduf onfrSm “q&m}uD;wkd@ 1965 ckESpf rSm wuUokdvfrsm;pmayESifh ,Of aus;r_A[kdaumfrwDukd pwifzJG@wJh tcgrSm A[kdaumfrwDOuUX[m OD;wifat;(&Srf;jynf) jzpfw,f?” aemiftcg EkdifiHawmfaumifpD 0if jzpfvmw,f? 1942 ESpfck yif vkHpmcsKyfvufrSwfxkd;wJh tcg vnf; olyg0ifcJhw,f? “t"dubmvJqkdawmh usaemfwkd@ jynfaxmif pkEkdifiHrSm oZif/ py,f/ jrcGg!kd/ Zvyf/ ydawmuf/ cs,f&D/ ESif;qD/ uHhaumf yef;aygif;pkH &SdaewJh EkdifiHjzpfayrJh tck[mu ydawmufawGyJ yGifh aew,f ydawmufawGyJyGifhaevkd@ r&bl; 'gobm0vnf;rusbl; arG;&eH@wkd@vnf;rpkHbl; =unfhvkd@ vnf; raumif;bl; yef;rsKd;pkH&SdwJh usaemfwkd@ yef;O,smOfrSm yef;awG tm;vkH;yGifhoifhw,f yGifhcGifhvnf; &r,f tJ'DvkdyGifhcGifh&rS om,m +idrf;csrf; vSywO,Jh smOf}uD;wck jzpf vmEifkd vdrfhr,f 'grS 'd@nk D aemifawG cspfcspfcifcif pnf;pnf; ¶kH;¶kH;aeEkdif wJhjynfaxmifpk}uD;wck jzpfvm vdrfr,f” [kqkdonf? ,if;tcrf;tem;okdh oHC Oao#miftzGJ@ taxGaxGtwGif; a&;r;ª t&ifS a'gufwmem,u ºuG a&mufvm+yD; y&dwfowfrsm;tm; w&m;a[m=um;&mwifG q&mawmf rS “OD;yO…if;wkd@ &ckdifbkef;ausmif; e,l;a,mufwGifjzpfay:vm&ef q&m}uD;rSpwifum Cen al Pa k wGif vli,f 12 OD;wkd@jzifh pnf;¶kH;

wmuvl;(ed&OP&m) 17/ 'DZifbm/ 2007

wae&m oGm;vm&ef tcuftcJ &Sdojzifh wpfEdkifiHvHk; oGm;vmEdkif onfh vdkifpifxkwfay;aejcif;rSm t"dy`g,frJhaom vkyf&yfwpfckom jzpfonf[k armfawmfqdkifu,fpD; olrsm;u a0zefajymqdkae=u onf[k od&onf? “u|efawmfwdk@ ppfawGrSm armfawmfqdkifu,fawGudk toHk;ðy ae=uw,fqdkwmu òrdŒwGif;av; wifrmyS J o;Hk ae=uwm jzpfyg w,f? vrf;raumif;awmh qdkifu,feJŒ wjcm;òrŒad wGudk oGm;vmvdkŒvnf; r&ygbl;? 'DtxJ vdkifpifrvkyfrae &? rvkyf&if qdkifu,fudk odrf;r,f qdk+yD; wpfEdkifiHvHk; oGm;vmEdkifwJh vdkifpif xkwfay;aeygw,f? 'gu olwdk@ oufouf pm;uGufxGifcsif vdk@ vkyfwmom jzpfygw,f” [k tqdkyg vli,fu ajymonf? ,ckESpf Zlvdkifvydkif;uvnf; unerS ppfawGwGif vdkif;qGJae onfh o;Hk bD;qdkifu,frsm;udk t0dkif; vkid fpifu'fjym; xwk ay;f xm;cJh&mrS rajymif;v#if vdkif;qGJcGifhudkydwf rnf[k trdef@xkwfum usyf60- 000ausmfpD xyfrHaumufcH+yD; t0dkif;rSoHk;axmifh vdkifpifodkŒ ajymif;cJhonf?Ð

une(ac: ) ukef;vrf;ydk@ aqmifa&; OD;pD;XmerS &cdkifjynf e,fwGif ,cif vdkifpifa=u;xuf wpfqydkonfh vdkifpifopfrsm;udk xkwfum qdkifu,f pD;olrsm;xHrS aiGaumufcHaeonf? trnfraz:

vdkol qdkifu,fydkif&Sif vli,f wOD;

u “uneuae+yD; vdkifpif rvkyf

rae& trdef@xkwf+yD; vdkifpifopf awGudk xkwfay;aeygw,f? tck xkwfay;wJh vdkifpifu jrefrmwEdkif iHvHk;rSm oGm;vmEdkifwJh vdkifpif jzpfw,fqdk+yD; qdkifu,f trsKd;t pm;vdkuf wpD;pDu usyf 300000 rS 600000 txd aumufcHaeyg w,f”[k ajymonf? ,ckv 'DZifbmqef;ykif;d rSpI unerS vdkifpifr&Sdv#if qdkifu,f rsm;udkodrf;rn[f k trdefŒxkwfum

(,) trwS jfzihf Ekid iHf w0eS f; omG ;vm Edkifrnfh vdkifpifopfrsm;udk &cdkif jynfe,fwGif xkwfay;aeonf? ,cifu unerS &cdkifa'otwGif; oGm;vmEdkifonfh pw(ppfawG)/ uz(ausmufjzL) ESifh ow(oHwGJ) ponfhvdkifpifrsm;ukd usyf 150000

rS 300000 ausmftxd,lum

xkwfay;cJhonf? ,cktcg a'o twGif; oGm;vmedifonhf qkifud ,f vdkifpifpepfudk zsufodrf;+yD; tqdkyg ae&mwGif(,)trSwjfzifh wEdkifiHvk;H oGm;vm Edkifonfh qdkifu,fvdkifpif rsm;udk xkwfay;aejcif; jzpfonf? “olwkdŒu wpfEdkifiHvHk;oGm; vm vkŒ&wd Jh vifpdk ifukbd J cGifhðyr,f? ,cifu xkwfay;cJhwJh a'owifG ;rSm oGm;vmEdkifwJh vdkifpifudk usawmh cGifhrðyawmhbl;vdk@ qdkygw,f? vdkif pifopfu aps;}uD;awmh vlwdkif; r wwfEdkifbJ jzpfae=uygw,f? wcsKd@

aps;}uD;awmh vlwdkif; r wwfEdkifbJ jzpfae=uygw,f? wcsKd@ vdkifpifvkyf&ef vma&mufapmifhqdkif;aeaom

vdkifpifvkyf&ef vma&mufapmifhqdkif;aeaom qdkifu,frsmtm;awG@&pOf

urBmhvl tcGifhh

*sL&DcsKdif/ ,OfrGef (rGefowif;at*sifpD) 16/ 'DZifbm/ 2009

urBmhvl@tcGifhta&;ae@jzpf onfh 'DZifbmv 10 &ufae@wGif

jrefrmppftpdk;& cv&(31)rS a&;òrd@ e,f awmifydkif;&Sd aus;&Gm OuUXESifh &Gmom;rsm;udk n‡if;yrf;ESdyfpuf ¶kdufESufcJha=umif; od&onf? acgZmòrd@e,fcGJwGif tajcpdkuf xm;onfh if;wyf&if;rS wyfom; wdk@u if;ae@wGif rusnf;aus;¶Gm OuUX EkdifatmifwifnGef@ tdrfodk@ 0ifa&muf+yD; ppfaq;ar;jref;jcif; wpHkw&mr&SdyJ acgif;uGJonfxd ¶kdufESufcJha=umif; od&onf? “usaemfwdk@ ¶GmrSmqdk&if vufeufudkif rGefcGJxGuftzGJŒawG

u 0ifxGuf oGm;vmaewJhtwGuf

olwdk@u (ppfwyf) ¶Gmom;awG tay: tJ'DrGeftzGJ@awGeJ@ tquf toG,f&doS vm;qdkwJh oHo,awG a=umifh tckvkd !if‡ ;yr;f ;EdyS fpuwf m

if vl tcGifhh

ta&;ae wGh csKd;azmufcH&

ta&;

. ppfawGwGif a&oGif;caps;}uD; rS æ

awmf}uD;rS a&ay;a0aeaom ydkuf vHk;rsm;udk ðzwf+yD; ydkufvHk; topf rsm;udk wyfqifay;cJhonf? ,ckESpf wGif ydkufvHk; topfwyfqifr_rSm +yD;pD;oGm;cJh+yD jzpfonf?

,if;aemufykid f;wifG ,ckuoJh

kŒd

pnfyifrS aiGaumufcHojzifh ppfawG vlxkrSm a&&Sda&;ESifh ywfoufjyD; tcufóuH ae&jcif; jzpfonf?Ð

&ckdif'Drkd u a & p D (jynfy) r av;&Sm;rS 2 0 1 0 c k
&ckdif'Drkd
u a & p D
(jynfy) r
av;&Sm;rS
2 0 1 0 c k
E S p f t
wGuf jyuQ
'defxGufyg
+yD; pdwf0if
pm;olrsm;
ALD ¶kH;okd@
quf o,G
f
=uyg&ef/
¶Hk;zkef;-
š60358
822720?
š01673
27405?
š01269
8 2843

jzpf r,f”[k refusnf;&GmcHwpfOD;

cH&olrsm;wGif &if;&Jaus;&GmrS &GmcH

ywfouf+yD;tx;l 'kua&mQ uf

u

ajymonf? aus;&GmOuUXtjyif

rsm;tjyif OuUX Edkifausmf[def;/

ae=u&ygw,f?” a&&&efrvG,ful

rouFmonfh &Gmom;ucsKd@udk vnf; ac:,l !‡if;yrf; ESdyfpufcJh a=umif;/ EdSyfpufonfh'%fa=umifh ref;usnfaus;&Gm OuUXrsm; acgif;

aus;&GmjynfolŒppfacgifaqmif EifaiGdk tygt0if jynfoŒppl tzf GJŒ0if Edkifvefygwdk@vnf; yg0if=uonf? “olwk@ud usaemfhudk vufjyef

ojzifh ppfawGwGifwcsKdŒ&yfuGuf rsm;wGif trsKd;orD;rsm; taejzifh r euf 4 em&DrSx+yD; a&ydkufacgif;rsm; rSa&udk wef;pDapmifh&onf[k w

uGJ+yD; arhajrmoGm;cJh a=umif;udk vnf; xdk&GmcHu ajymonf? ,ckuJhokdŒ a&;òrd@awmifydkif; wifG tajccsxm;onfh ppfwyfw@.dk

óud;wkwf+yD;awmh uGrf;yifrSm csnfxm;w,f/ usaemfhudk ajcqif; xdkifcdkif;+yD; !dk@ousnf;ay:rSm 0g;vHk;eJŒvdSrfhw,f/ +yD;awmh usaemfh

jcm; trsKd;om; wOD;uvnf; ajym onf? “ppfawGu &yfuGuf tawmf rsm;rsm;rSm vlawGu a&eJŒ 'kuQ

vl@tcGifhta&;csKd;azmufr_udk

rsufvHk; ESpfvHk;=um;u ESmacgif;udk

a&mufae=u&ygw,f? ckvdk 'kuQ

a'ocH &Gmol &Gmom;wdk@u r=um c% cHae&a=umif; od&onf? vGefcJhonfh Edk0ifbmvwGif

!‡pfw,f/ awmfawmfcH& cufw,f/ tJ'g+yD;&if aemufwpfrsKd; ajymif;+yD; ESdyfpufjyefw,f/ ajray:rSm arSmuf

jzpfaewmu ESpfwkdif;vdkvdkyg? 'gayr,fh ydkqdk;wmu tckydkufvHk; topfawGudk tpm;xk;d wyfqif+yD;

vnf; cv& (31) rS tm%mydkifwdk@

tdyfcdkif;w,f/ usaemfh aygifudk

wJh aemufydkif;rSm ydkqdk;vmygw,f?

u

acgZmòrd@e,fcGJ&Sd &if;&J&Gm OuUX

0g;&if;wkwfeJ@ tcsufaygif;renf;

vlxkawGu ydkufvHk;awG topf

ESifh

&Gmol &Gmom; ta,muf (30)

bl; ¶kdufjyefw,f/ usaemfwdk@ &Gm

wyfqifwJh twGuf 0rf;omvdkŒ

ausmfudk zrf;qD;+yD; jyif;xefpGm n‡if;yrf;ESdyfpufcJhonf? cv& (31) rS wyfom;wpfOD;u &if;&J¶mtjG yif bufwGif AHk;eif;rdonfukd rauseyf jcif;a=umifh a'ocHrsm;tm; n‡if;yrf;ESdyfpufjcif; jzpfonf[k a'ocHwdk@u ajymonf? tESdyfpuf

OuUX ESdifausmf[def;qdk&if vrf; av#mufr&wJhxdudk t¶dkufcH& w,f”[k !‡if;yrf; ESdyfpuf&mrS xGufajy;vGwfajrmufvm+yD; ,ck vuf&dS vGwajrf mufe,fajr wpaef &modk@ a&muf&Sdaeonfh &if;&J¶Gm om; Edkif[¶kefu ajymonf?Ð

rqHk;cif tdfrfwtdrfudk a&vdkcsif&if ydkufqH 52000 ausmf oGif;&r,f qdkawmh vlawGu tcuftcJ jzpf oGm;=u&ygw,f?” ppfawGwGif oufqdkif&m tkyf csKyfolrsm;u ,cif t*Fvdyfacwf uwnfaqmufay;cJhaom uef

j ynfaxmifpkowif;pmudk ZGefv? 2009 ckESpfrS pwifxkwfa0onf/

pmrsufESm? 6 ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/ teft,fvf'D[m r=umao;cifumvrSm

pmrsufESm?

6

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/

teft,fvf'D[m r=umao;cifumvrSm a&$*kHwkdifa=unmcsuf tjzpfe@J EdkifiHa&;oabmxm;/ EkdifiHa&;&yfwnf csuuf dk xkwfjyefcJhygw,f? tJ'DrSm t"u a':atmifqef;pk=unfeJ@ EkdifiHa&;tusOf;om;awG v$wfay;zkd@/ 2008 ckESpfrSm wzufowf jyÏmef;vkdufwJh zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'ukd jyefvnfokH;oyf jyifqifzkd@/ aemuf 2010 a&G;aumufyuGJ kd w&m;r#w+yD; vGwfvyfwJh EkdifiHwum =uyfrwfr_awGatmufrSmusif;yzkd@ qkdwJhtcsufawG awmif;qkd+yD;awmh a=unmcsuf xkwfjyefcJhygw,f? 'ghtjyif pDtmyDyDtzGJ@0if wkdif;&if;om;ygwDrsm;jzpf=uwJh &Srf;wkdif; &if;om;rsm; 'Drkdua&pDtzGJ@csKyf/ &ckdif'Drkdua&pDtzGJ@csKyf/ rGeftrsKd;om; 'Drkdua&pDtzGJ@/ ZkdrD;trsKd;om;uGef*&uf pwJh ygwDawGuvnf; olwkd@ oabmxm;awGukd toD;oD; xkwfjyef+yD;jzpfygw,f? 'Doabmxm; awGuvnf; zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'udk jyefvnfokH;oyfjyifqif a&;qJaG y;z@/kd tx;l ojzifh 'Drukd a&pDa&;eJ@ wkdif;&if;om;awG &oifh&xukd fwJh tajccHtcGifhta&;awGudk xnfhoGif;jyÏmef;ay;r,fh zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykH tajccHOya'tjzpf jyifqifay;zkd@ awmif;qkdxm;wmjzpf+yD; tu,fI jyifqifray;bl;q&kd if 2010 a&G;aumufyGJ ukd r0ifb;l vkd@ oabmxm;xwk f jyef+yD;om;jzpfygw,f? 'ga=umifh 'ae@D pDtmyDyD&JŒ &yfwnfcsufvkd@yajyJ majym/ teft,vf f'D eJ@ wkdif;&if;om;ygwDrsm;&JŒ &yfwnfcsufvkd@yJ qkdqkd 'Dae@ EdkifiHa&;&yfwnf csufukd tESpfcsKyfvkdufr,fqkd&if t"dutcsufuawmh 2008 ckESpfrSm etzu wzufowf a&;qGJjyÏmef;vkdufwJh zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya' jyefvnfoH;k oyf jyifqifa&;[m t"duuswJh rlvnf;jzpfovkd avmavm q,frSma&m/ umvtwkdif;twmwcktxda&m qkyfukdif&yfwnf xm;&r,fh rlvnf;jzpfygw,f? 'Dawmh tck 'DrlawG&Sdae¶kHeJ@ +yD;+yDvm;qkd awmh r+yD;ao;ygbl;? 'DrlawGtay: &yfwnf+yD;awmh EkdifiHa&;t& a&SŒudk usaemfwd@k b,vf dtk ajccH oGm;rv/J 'rD awl Gukd taumiftxnayf :atmif b,fvkdvkyfrvJqkdwmawG[m ta&;}uD;ovkd 'DrlawGudk tckdiftrm &yfwnfqkyfukdifzdk@/ tvG,fwulrpGef@v$wfrdzkd@vnf; ta&;}uD;ygw,f? 'Dae&mrSm rludk tvG,fwul rpGef@v$wfa&;qkdwmeJ@ ywfouf+yD; usaemf wkd@ taeeJ@ ae&mwumrSm w&m;ao rjzpfoifh/ ajymif;vG,f/ jyifvG,f &Sd&r,f/ Fle ible jzpf&r,f? okd@aomf rlrJh tajccHrJh ajymif;wmrsKd;/ rvkdtyf bJeJ@ rlukd pGef@wmrsKd;awGudkawmh a&Smifzkd@vkdygw,f? tu,fI etz tm%mykdifrsm;e@J awG@qkHaqG;aEG;v@kd trsKd;om;a&;vyk fief;pOf w&yfu&kd +yD/ 'vD yk ief f;pOf[m wifkd ;jynef @J jynof ltwuG f tem*wrf mS tusKd;vn;f &+SdyD; oifhjrwfwJh vkyfief;pOfw&yfvnf; jzpfw,f qkd&ifawmh rvkdtyfbJqkyf udkifxm;wJh rlawGudk pGef@oihf&if pGef@&rSmyg? 'DvkdrSr[kwfbJeJ@ EkdifiHa&; tajctae tajymif;tvJr&Sd xl;jcm;r_r&SdbJeJ@ rlawGukd tvG,fwul pGef@v$wfwmrsKd;awGawmh rjzpfoihfbl;vkd@ jrifygw,f? 'DudpPeJ@ywfoufvkd@ Oyrmwck wifjyyg&ap? e0w tpdk;&u typftcwf&yfpJa&; pwifurf;vSrf;cJhpOfu wkdif;&if;om;wyfaygif;pkrSm csrSwfxm;wJh rlwck&Sdygw,f? tJ'gu e0w tm%mykdifrsm;u wkdif;&if; om;vufeufuifdk tzGJ@tpnf;rsm;udk +idrf;csrf;a&;twGuf awG@qaqG;kH aEG; zkd@ urf;vSrf;wJhtcgus&if wyfaygif;pktaeeJ@yJawG@r,f/ wkdif;&if;om;ygwD rsm;taeeJ@ wygwDcsif; oD;jcm;rawG@zkd@ qdk+yD; wyfaygif;pku rlwcktaeeJ@ csrSwfqkH;jzwfxm;cJhygw,f? tJ'DrSm e0w tm%mykdifrsm;bufuvnf; wyfaygif;pktaeeJ@qkd&if rawG@Ekdifbl;/ wygwDcsif;omv#if oD;jcm;pDawG@zkd@ awmif;qcJhykd gw,f? tJ'DtajctaerSm wdkif;&if;om;vufeufudkiftzGJ@tpnf;wcku wyfaygif;pku csrSwfxm;wJh rludk csKd;azmufpGef@v$wf+yD;awmh e0weJ@ +idrf;csrf;a&;,lcJhygw,f? 'Dae&mrSm usaemfhtjrifukd ajym&r,fqkd&if 'Dvrkd jzpfoihfbl;vkd@ xifygw,?f bma=umifhvJqkdawmh wyfaygif;pkwckrSm tm;vkH;oabmwl+yD;csxm;whJ rlwckudk wzGJ@wygwDu csKd;azmuf+yD;awmh vkyfwmrsKd;[m rltm;jzifhaomfvnf;aumif;/ vkyfxkH;vkyfenf;t&aomf vnf;aumif; roifhavsmfbl;vkd@ jrifygw,f? tu,fI +idrf;csrf;a&;&,lzkd@ wygwDcsif; rjzpfrae awG@qkHaqG;aEG;zkd@ vkdtyfw,fqkd&ifawmif wyfaygif;pktpnf;ta0;ukd jyefvnf ac:,l+yD;awmh tajctaeeJ@ ukdufnDwJh rl0g'opfudk csrSwf+yD; tJ'DrleJ@tnDbJ vkdufemaqmif&Guf oifhygw,f? 'ga=umifhrdk@vkd@ pDtmyDyDrSmyJjzpfjzpf/ teft,fvf'DrSmyJjzpfjzpf wkdif;&if;om;ygwDrSmyJjzpfjzpf &yfwnfukdifpGJxm;wJh rlawG/ oabmxm; awG&Sdw,f? 'DrlawGukdvnf; jyifvG,f/ ajymif;vG,f/ jzpfzkd@vkdayr,fh ta=umif;rJh/ tusKd;rJh rvkdtyfbJ rlukd pGef@oGm;wmrsKd;awG rjzpfzkd@vkdyg w,?f 'gudk bma=umifhajym&ovqJ kd 'uD ae@umv[m tvGeta&f ;}uD; whJ umvwck a&muaef yg+yD? tcktcsdefrSm tx;l ojzifh Edik fiHa&;t& ajym& r,fqkd&if OD;aqmifygwDvkd@yJajymajym jrefrmjynfEkdifiHa&;&JŒ Main eam t"ud yifra&pD;jzpfwJh tet,f fvf'D&ŒJ &yfwncsf u[f m tvGefta&;}uD; ygw,f? teft,fvf'DygwD&JŒ EkdifiHa&;&yfwnfcsuf/ EkdifiHa&;tvSnfh tajymif;/ EdkifiHa&;tauG@tvSnfhawG[m jrefrmjynfa&SŒEkdifiHa&;twGuf tvGefta&;}uD;ygw,f? bma=umifhvJqkdawmh teft,fvf'DygwD[m wwkdif;jynfvH;k ukd v$r;f òcHxm;wJh ygwDwckjzpfovkd 1990 a&G;aumuyf GJrSm jynfolawG&JŒ wcJeuf axmufcHr_&xm;wJh ygwDvnf;jzpfvkd@ygyJ? tckqkd&if ukd;uef@ygwD&JŒtajctae/ 0 ygwD&JŒtaetxm;/ aemuf ucsifygwD&JŒtajctaeawGudk =um;odae& ygw,f? 'DygwDawG&Jh EkdifiHa&; tvSnfhtajymif;/ &yfwnfcsufawG[m jrefrmjynfEkdifiHa&;rSm twkdif; twmwcktxd ta&;ygwm rSefygw,f? 'gayr,fh tJ'tzD GJ@awG[m jrerf m jynfwckvkH;&Jh EkdifiHa&;twkdif;twmeJ@ E_dif;pmr,fqkd&if tpdwftykdif;

Edik fiHa&;ygwDrsm;.

&yfwnfcsuef J@

wckomjzpfwma=umifh owl @&dk JŒtvnS htf ajymif;[m jrerf mjynfEifkd iHa&;rmS twkdif;twmwcktxdom oufa&mufrSmjzpf ygw,f? 'gayr,fh teft,fvf'D&Jh EkdifiHa&;tvSnfhtajymif; tauG@tvSnhfuawmh jrefrmjynf&Jh a&SŒquf&r,fh EkdifiHa&; b0wckvkH;ukd oufa&mufEkdifwJh taetxm;awG&Sdygw,f? 'ga=umifhrkd@vkd@ jrefrmjynf&JŒ EkdifiHa&;tvSnfhtajymif;twGuf tet,f fv'f D&Jh EkdifiHa&;&yfwncsf uf/ EkdifiHa&; oabmxm;e@J qkH;jzwfcsuf awG[m EkdifiHha&SŒa&;twGuf tvGefta&;}uD;ygw,f? 'Dae@umvrSm a&$*kHwkdifa=unmcsuf twkdif; teft,fvf'Du jywfjywfom;om; rSefrSef uefuef &yfwnfaeygw,f? tcktcsdefrSm teft,fvf'Du a&G;aumufyGJ 0ifr,f r0ifbl;qkdwm ,wdjywfrajymao;ayr,fh a&SŒr=umawmhr,fh umv/ a&G;aumufyGJOya'eJ@ ygwDrSwfykHwifOya'awG xGufvmwJh tcsdefus&if jynfolawGeJ@ EkdifiHwumudk xkwfazmfajym&awmhrSm jzpfygw,f? tJvkdajymwJhae&mrSm teft,fvf'D&Jh ajymqkdxkwfjyef &yfwnfcsuf [m jywfom;zkd@vkdovkd rSefrSefuefuef ajymqkd&yfwnfzkd@vnf; tvGefta&;}uD;ygw,f? bma=umifhvJqkdawmh teft,fvf'D[m jrefrmjynfEifkd iHa&;&JŒ Main eam yifra&p;D vnf;jzpwf ,/f 'rD duk a&pDwyODf ; vnf;jzpfw,f? jynfolawG&Jh axmufcHr_udk&xm;wJh ygwDvnf;jzpfwJht wGufa=umifh teft,fvf'D&Jh a&SŒqufr,fh EkdifiHa&;oabmxm;&yfwnf csuf[m jrefrmjynf&JŒ tem*wf qkd&ifvnf; rrSm;ygbl;? 'ga=umifhrkd@vkd@ teft,vf f'&D Jh EifiHkd a&;oabmxm;&yfwnfcsufeJ@ ywof uvf kd@ rl&Sdae¶kHeJ@ r+yD;bJ tJ'Drludk tajccH+yD; ckdifrmjywfom;wJh qkH;jzwfcsufw&yfudkcsrSwf/ tJ'DqkH;jzwfcsuftwkdif; r,drf;r,kdif &yfwnfoGm;zkd@ vdkygw,f? EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;&Jh jzwfoef;cJhwJh c&D;wav#mufrSm usaemfwkd@ rpGef@ csifbJeJ@ rlukd pGef@cJh&wmawG &Sdygw,f? 'Dae&mrSm 90 a&G;aumufyGJ uae p+yD;awmh ajymyg&ap? 1990 a&G;aumufyGJrSm teft,fvf'D[m tjywf towf tEkdif&&SdcJhygw,f? xkd@twlyJ wkdif;&if;om;ygwDwcsKdŒ[mvnf; oufqifkd &m jynfe,tof D;o;D rSm xkdufoifhoavmuf tEifkd &c=Jhuygw,f? 'gu bmudkjyovJqkd&if jynfolawG[m (26) ESpfvkH;vkH; wygwD tm%m&SifpepfatmufrSm vl@tcGifhta&;awG 'Drkdua&pDtcGifhta&;awG qkH;¶_H;+yD;awmh vGwfvyfr_r&Sd/ ajymcGifhqkdcGifhr&/ zdESdyfr_awGudk }udrfrD;tkH;vkd cHcJh&w,?f tJ'Dvkd cHcJh&¶Hok mrubJ wkdif;jynfrGJjymus+yD;awmh jynfolawG [mvnf; twd'kuQawG trsKd;rsKd; a&mufcJh&ygw,f? tJ'DvkdeJ@ 88 rSm 'DwygwDtm%m&Sifpepfudk wGef;vSef+yD;wJhtcgrSm teft,fvf'DygwD &,fv@kd ay:aygufvmcJhwmjzpfygw,f? tJ'D tet,f fvf'D[m jynfolawG vkdvm;wJh 'Drkdua&pDeJ@ vltcGihfta&;awGudk azmfaqmifay;Ekdifvdrfhr,f/ ppftm%mpepfatmufu vwG ajrf mufatmif aqmif=uOf;ay;Ekdifvdrhrf ,f qkdwJh ar#mfvifhcsufeJ@ 1990 a&G;aumufyrGJ Sm jynfolawGu teft,fvf'D udk axmufcHrJay;cJh=uwmjzpfygw,f? xkd@twl wkdif;&if;om;ygwDawGudk jynfe,fawGrSm rJay;cJhwmuvnf;yJ vGwfvyfa&;&+yD; tESpfig;q,f avmuof uwf r;f rSm wdik f;&if;om;aw[G m owl @qkHdk ;¶H;_ c&Jh whJ arG;&myg tcGihf ta&;awG/ wkdif;&if;om;tcGifhta&;awGudk 'Dwkdif;&if;om;ygwDawGeJ@ wkdif;&if;om;acgif;aqmifawGu azmfaqmifay;Ekdifvdrfhr,fqkdwJh ,kH=unfcsufeJ@ tJ'Dwkdif;&if;om;ygwDawGudk rJay;cJhwmjzpfygw,f? 'Dawmh 90 a&G;aumufyGJrSm rJtEkdif&cJhwJh tJ'DygwDawGudk jynfol awGu axmufcHqENrJawG ay;cJhwmudk aumufcsufcsvkdufr,fqkd&if tm%m&ifpS epfudk z,f&Sm;Eifzkd d@ek @J 'rD kdua&pD vl@tcGihfta&;awG xeG f;um; wJh zGH@òzd;wkd;wufwJhEkdifiHudk xlaxmifay;zkd@ qkdwJh ar#mfvifhcsufawGeJ@ rJay;cJh=uwmyg? xkd@twl wkdif;&if;om;ygwDawGudkvnf; wkdif;&if;om; awG&Jh arG;&mygtcGihfta&;awGudk azmfaqmifay;Ekdifvdrfhr,fvkd@ ,kH=unf ar#mfvifh+yD; rJay;cJh=uwmyg? tu,fI teft,fvf'Duom tEkdif&ygwD taeeJ@ jzpf¶kd;jzpfpOftwkdif; v$wfawmfac:+yD;awmh tkyfcsKyfa&;tm%m awGudk &,lcJhr,f qkd&if tckvkd tESpf (20) umvrSm a&G;aumufyGJ av; }udrfig;}udrfavmufvkyf+yD;awmh a&G;aumufcH v$wfawmfukd,fpm; vS,fawGa&m jynfolawGyg 'Drkdua&pD tavhtusihfeJ@ tawG@tóuHawG &ifhusufvm+yD;awmh wkdif;jyn[f mvnf; b,fenf;eJ@rqkd csrf;omºuG,f0 wJh EkdifiHwEkdifiHr[kwfawmif tawmftwef zGH@òzd;wkd;wufwJh EkdifiHwEkdifiH jzpfvmr,fvkd@ usaemf,Hk=unfygw,f? xkd@twlyJ wkdif;&if;om;ygwDawG wkdif;&if;om;acgif;aqmifawGeJ@ teft,fvf'Dacgif;aqmifawG ESD;aESm+yD;awmh zGJ@pnf;ykHtopfudka&;qGJ+yD; ppfrSefwJh jynfaxmifpkw&yfudk azmfaqmifcJhr,fqkd&if tck 2008 zGJ@pnf; yxkH uf trsm;}u;D omwJh/ +yD;awmh wif;kd &if;om;jynfowl &yvf kH;&JŒ &yifcGkd ihf awGudk tjynfht0umuG,f apmihfa&Smufay;Ekdifr,fh zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHeJ@ jynfaxmifpkpepfw&yfudk azmfaqmifEkdifvdrfhr,fqkdwm usaemf

vkH;0,kH=unfygw,f?

'gayr,fh tck uHt=umif;rvSvkd@yJ qkd&rvm;/ teft,fvf'D a&G;aumufyGJrSm tjywftowf tEkdif&vkdufwmeJ@ ppftpdk;&[m tet,f fv'f Dukd tm%mv$Jajymif;ay;zd@k weG f@qwk foGm;cJh+yD; aemufykdif;rSm tm%mv$Jajymif;a&;eJ@ v$wfawmf ac:,la&;udk rðyvkyfEkdifatmif enf;rsKd;pkHeJ@ }uHzefaqmif&GufcJhwmawG &SdcJhygw,f? tu,fI wpnom tEkdif&cJhr,f qkd&ifawmh tm%mv$Jajymif;aumif; v$Jajymif;ygvdrfhr,f? bma=umifhvJqkdawmh wyfrawmfxdyfydkif;acgif;aqmiftcsKdŒ[m

,ci,fh cifuwnf;u wifdk ;jynf&hJ Edik fia&H ;rSm yg0ifywof u+fyD; wikd f;jynuf kd pdk;rkd;tkyfcsKyfjc,fvS,fvkdwJhqEN &SdcJhygw,f? tJ'DqENa=umifhyJ a&G;aumufyGJukd rvGJra&Smifom vkyfay;cJh&onfhwkdif wpnygwDtEkdif& atmif ðyvkyf+yD; wpnygwuD wqihf wif;kd jynfukd qufvufpkd;rkd;tkyfcsKyf zkd@ &nf&G,fcJhygw,f? wpnygwD[m wcsdefwkef;u vrf;pOfygwDu ajymif;vJvmwJh ygwD jzpfygw,f? vrf;pOfygwDrSm &Sdae=uwJh acgif;aqmifawGqkdwmuvnf; wyfu ajymif;vJvmwJh yk*~KdvfawG jzpfygw,f? tu,fI vrf;pOfygwD wjzpfvJ wpnygwD om tm%m&r,fqkd&if tJ'Dwyrf awmfacgif;aqmif awG&Jh EkdifiHa&;qENudk oG,f0kdufwJhenf;eJ@ taumiftxnfazmfEkdifrSm jzpfwJhtwGufa=umifh wpntEkdif&&ifawmh ppftpkd;&[m tm%mv$J ajymif;aumif; v$Jajymif;rSmjzpfayr,fh 1990 a&G;aumufyGJrSm wpnygwD r¶_rvS ta&;edrfh+yD; teft,fvf'Du tjywftowf tEkdif&vkdufwJh tcsdefup+yD;awmh ppftpdk;&[m tm%mv$Jajymif;ay;r,fqkdwJhqEN vkH;0r&Sdawmhbl;qkdwmukd awG@&ygw,f? 'gawuG kd txifouof ufeJ@ajymwm r[kwfygb;l ? taxmuftxm; tcsuftvufawGeJ@ ajymwmyg? 1§90 a=unmcsufukd xkwfjyefvkduf wmeJ@ 'g[m odomygw,f? tJ'Da=unmcsufrSm 1990 a&G;aumufyGJ a=umifh tm%mokH;&yfudk tvkdtavsmuf r&Ekdifbl;vkd@ jiif;y,fxm;yg w,?f Oya'ðytm%m/ tkyfcsKyfa&; tm%m/ w&m;pD&ifa&;tm%mqwkd Jh tm%mokH;&yfukd 90 a&G;aumufyGJa=umifh tvkdtavsmuf r&Ekdifbl;vkd@ jiif;y,fvkdufwmygyJ? tJvkdjiif;y,fvkdufwm[m wenf;enf;eJ@ 90 a&G; aumuyf GJrSm tEkdif&whJ teft,fvf'Dukd tm%mv$Jajymif;ray; Ekdifb;l vkd@ jiif;vkdufwmeJ@ twlwlygyJ? tJ'Dwkef;u 1§ 90 ukd teft,fvf'D tyg t0if EkdifiHa&;ygwDawGu oabmwlvufcHcJh=uovm; qkdawmh vufrcH =uygbl;? vufrcHayr,fhvnf; 1§90 ukd trdef@tm%muJhokd@ xkwfjyefcJhwma=umifh teft,fvf'D tygt0if EkdifiHa&;ygwDawG[m róudufayr,fh oabmwlvufrSwfxkd;cJh&ygw,f? tJvkd oabmwl vufrSwfx;kd cJhwm[m tJ'DEifiHkd a&;ygwDawG taee@J tm%mvJajy$ mif;a&; ukd pGef@v$wfcJhwJhoabmyJ jzpfygw,f?

rudkl

tvG,fwurl peG @fv$wfa&; qdkwme@J

ywfouf+yD; uaemfwdk@ taeeJ@ ae&mwumrSm w&m;ao rjzpfoifh/ ajymif;vG,f/ jyifvG,f&Sd&r,f? File ible jzp&rf ,f? odk@aomf rlrJh tajctaeraJh jymif;wmrsKd;/ rvdktyf bJeJ@ rludkpeG f@wmrsKd;/ awGuadk wmh a&Smifoifhw,f?

'gayr,fh 1§90 udk jyefokH;oyfvkdufwJhtcgrSm EkdifiHa&;ygwDawG taeeJ@ ar#mfvihfcsuf ESpfcsuf&Sdygw,f? wcsufu bmvJqkdvkd@&Sd&if tJ'D 1§90 a=unmcsuf tykd'f (12) rSm a&G;aumufyGJOya'yk'fr 3 rSmazmfjy xm;wJh “v$wfawmfukd rJqENe,frsm;rS TOya'ESihftnD a&G;aumuf wifajr‡muvf ukd af om vw$ awf mfu,kd fpm;vS,rf sm;jzifh zJ@Gpn;f &rn”f qwkd hJ jyÏmef;csufukd udk;um;+yD; e0wtaeeJ@ v$wfawmf ac:,lay;r,fvkd@ twnfðyazmfjycJhwJhtcsufyg? aemufwcsufu v$wfawmfukd,fpm;vS,rf sm;onf zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyyf kH tajccHOya' a&;qGJ&ef wm0ef&Sdw,fqkdwJh tcsufygyJ? tJ'Dtcsuf ESpfcsufudk =unfh+yD;awmh tm%mv$Jajymif;ray;onfhwkdif v$wfawmfac:

ay;&if v$wfawmfrSm wkdif;jynf&JŒtusKd;pD;yGm;twGuf trsKd;om;a&;vkyf ief;pOfawGudk csrSwfEkdifr,f/ zGJ@pnf;ykHtopfudkvnf; v$wfawmfukd,fpm; vS,frsm;eJ@ a&;qGJEkdifr,fvkd@ ar#mfvihf+yD;awmh pdwfoufom&m &cJh=uyg w,f? wkdif;&if;om;ygwDawG/ wkdif;&if;om;acgif;aqmifawG uvnf;yJ v$wfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;taeeJ@ zGJ@pnf;ykHukd a&;qGJcGifh&Sd w,fqkdwJh ar#mfvifhcsufaweG J@ pdwfoufom&m&cJh=uygw,?f 'gayr,hf aemufydif;k rSm usawmh v$wfawmfac:ay;zkd@tpm; ppftpkd;&[m trsKd;om;nDvmcH qkd wmudkom ac:,lusif;yzkd@ xkwfjyefa=unmcJhygw,f? wu,fawmh 'DtrsKd;om;nDvmcHqkdwmudk ac:,lusif;yvkdufwm [m v$wfawmfac:,la&;udk jiif;y,fvkdufwmyJ jzpfygw,f? 'DrSm EifiHkd a&;ygwDawGu nvD mcHwufa&; rwufa&;qkdwm jzpfvm=uygw,f? wcsKdŒuvnf;yJ tJ'D nDvmcHrSm wkdif;jynf&JŒtrsKd;om;a&;udpPawGudk aqG;aEG;Eifvkd drrfh ,f/ zJ@pG nf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya' ukd,wf kdifud,k fus yg0if a&;qGJEkdifr,fqkdwJh ar#mfvifhcsufawG xm;cJh=uygw,f? wkdif;&if;om;tzGJ@ tpnf;awG/ wkdif;&if;om;acgif;aqmifawGuvnf; zGJ@pnf;ykHtajccOya' xJrSm jynfe,fawG&JŒ vkyfykdifcGifheJ@ wkdif;&if;om;awG&JŒ &ykdifcGihf owfowf rwS frSwf xnhof if;G azmfaqmifa&;twuG f trsKd;om;nDvmcHudk rjzpfrae wufa&mufaqG;aEG;&r,fqkdwJh oabmxm;qENawG &SdcJh=uygw,f?

j ynfaxmifpkowif;pmudk ZGefv? 2009 ckESpfrS pwifxkwfa0onf/

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/ pmrsufESm? 7 2010 tJ'DvkdeJ@ teft,fvf'D tygt0if

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/

pmrsufESm?

7

2010

tJ'DvkdeJ@ teft,fvf'D tygt0if wkdif;&if;om;ygwDawG trsKd;om; nDvmcHudk wufcJh=uwm[m wenf; ajym&r,fqkd&if v$wfawmfac:,l a&;udk pGef@w,fvkd@ rajymayr,fh vufawG@rSm pGef@cJh=uwJhoabmyJ jzpfyg w,f? nDvmcHrSmvn;f Edifik Ha&;ygwDawG rlvuar#mfvihfovkd/ trsKd;om; EkdifiHa&;wGif wyfrawmfonf OD;aqmiftcef;u¾u yg0if&rnf qkdwJh 'rD duk a&pDeJ@rukud nf wD htyJ 'kd fawuG kd aq;G aEG;ndE‡ di_ f; ajymif;vvJ @kd r&cJhovkd zJ@Gpnf;tkycsf KyfykH tajccHOya' a&;qJaG &; tajccHrl 104 csufuvkd nf; tjyef tvSef aqG;aEG;n‡dE_dif; &wmrsKd;vnf;r[kwf/ rdrdwkd@u,kd fwkdif oabmrwl bJeJ@vnf; vufcHcJh&ygw,f? aemufwcg trsKd;om;nDvmcHqkdwmu zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccH Oya'a&;qGJzkd@ rlawGudkom csrSwf&rSm jzpfayr,fh etzu olukd,fwkdif a&;qGJxm;wJh tao;pdwf tcsuftvufawGudkyg csjya&;qGJcJhygw,f? csjya&;qGJwJh ae&mrSmvnf;yJ EkdifiHa&;ygwDawG v$wfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f awG[m olwkd@&JŒwifjycsufawGudk tav;teufxm; aqG;aEG;cGihfr&bJ e0w§etz tm%mykdifawG a&;qGJ+yD;om; tcsuftvufawG ukod m twnfðyjyÏmef;cJh&wm jzpfygw,f? Oyrm-wif;kd &if;om;ygwD (13) ygwuD jynfaxmifpkrtwl Guf wifjycwJh Jh tcsufawuG vdk nf;yJ nvD mcHrSm aqG;awmifraqG;aEG;bJ rSwfwrf;wif¶wkH if+yD;awmh y,fcscJhygw,f? 'g[m om"uwckomjzpfygw,f? +yD;awmh trsKd;om;nDvmcHrSmaqG;aEG;zkd@ tpktzGJ@ (8) zGJ@ zGJ@xm;ygw,f? v$wfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f[m tJ'DtxJrSm tpktzGJ@taeeJ@ wzGJ@omjzpfygw,f?

a&G;aumufyGJ

wkdif;&if;om;ygwDrsm;&JŒ oabmxm;eJ@ &yfwnfcsufqkd&ifvnf; rrSm;yg bl;? tJ'DrSm 'Da&$*wkH kdifa=unmpmwrf;yg tcsu(f 3)csufudk tEpS fcsKyfvduk f r,qf kd&if t"dutcsuuf awmh z@pGJ n;f ytajkH ccHOya'udk jyefvnof kH;oyf jyifqifa&;[m t"duusygw,f? a&$*kHwkdif a=unmpmwrf;ESifhtwl t"duuswJh zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'ukd jyefvnfokH;oyfjyifqif a&;[m usaemfw@kd uifpkd GJ&r,fh oabmxm;jzpyf gw,/f rlvnf;jzpfygw,f? tJ'Dawmh 'Drludk usaemfwkd@u 'Dae@tcsdeftcgrSm qkyfukdif&yfwnf =uayr,fh r=umcifumvrSm etztpkd;&u EkdifiHa&;xkd;ppfw&yf qifvmzkd@&Sdaeygw,f? tJ'Dxkd;ppftwGufvnf; olwkd@bufu jyifqifr_awG tcif;tusif;awGvkyfae ygw,f? jynfwGif;a&m jynfyrSmyg ðyvyk aewf mjzpwf ,f? txl;ojzifh r=umao;cifu ukvor*~taxGaxG nvD mcHrSm etz&ŒJ 0e}fu;D csKyfud,k fwdifk u 2010 a&;G aumuyf JuG kd axmuf cHzkd@ wkdufwGef;ajym=um;cJhwm awG@&ygw,f? tJ'g[m 2010 a&G;aumuyf GJ twGuf jyifqifwmyJ jzpfygw,f? r=umawmhr,fh umvrSm etz[m 2010 a&G;aumufyGJudk usif;yrSm jzpfygw,f? tJvkdusif;ywm[m jynfol@qEuN kd uk,d pf m;ðy+y;D 90 a&;G aumuyf &GJ v'fudk uifpkd GJ&ywf n=fuwJh EkdifiHa&;ygwD awGudk EkdifiHa&;t& aemufqkH;xkd;ppfqifvkdufwmyJ jzpfygw,f? tJvkdtcsdefrSm usaemfwkd@u 'Da&G;aumufyGJtay: 0ifr,fr0ifbl; qkdwmudk wdwdusus jywfjywfom;om;ajymzkd@ vkdvmygw,f? txl; ojzifh teft,fvf'D[m 'DudpPudk jywfjywfom;om;ajymzkd@ vkdygw,f? tcktcsdeftxdawmh teft,fvf'D[m a&$*kHwkdifa=unmcsuftwkdif; &yfwnfaeqJyg? 'gayr,fh etzuawmh usaemfwkd@ &yfwnfxm;wJh a&*$ wHk ifdk a=unmcsufxuJ ta&;}uD;q;kH tcsufjzpwf Jh zJ@Gpn;f yHtk ajccHOya' jyifqifa&;udk tcktcsdeftxd vkdufavsmr,fh toGiftjyifvu%Q mqdvk d@k wpkd;wpdrS rjrifawG@&ao;ygbl;? tJ'Dawmh tckvkdtajctaersKd;rSm usaemfwkd@ b,fvdk &yfwnf=urvJ? wkdif;jynfeJ@ jynfolvlxktusKd;t wGuf/ 'Drkdua&pDa&;aqmif&Gufzkd@ twGuf ygwDwnf&Sdaezkd@vkdw,f/ ygwD &ifS oezf d@kvwkd ,f qwkd taJh =umif;jycsuef J@ tvHjzLav;axmif (jynfolawG &JŒ wu,fhppfrSefwJh qENeJ@ tusKd;pD;yGm;ukd vspfvsL¶_+yD;) usaemfwkd@&Jh &yfwnfcsufawGudk pGef@v$wfp aw;+yD; 2010 a&G;aumufyGJukd 0ifrSmvm;/ 'grSr[kwf usaemfwkd@&JŒ &yfwnfcsufawG rlawGudk ckdifckdifrmrm pGJukdif +yD;awmh aemufqkH;cHppfa=umif;rSmyJ jywfjywfom;om; &yfrvm;qkdwJh usaemfwkd@ a&G;cs,fp&m vrf;ESpfoG,f ay:vmygw,f? tJ'Dawmh usaemfwkd@u a&G;aumufyGJ0ifr,f qkdwJhbufukd a&G;cs,f +y;D awmh pOf;pm;=u&atmif? tu,fI a&;G aumufy0GJ ifr,qf &kd if etzrmS tm%m&Sdw,/f aiG&Sdw,f/ v&l dwS ,f/ aemuf ,Eœ&m;&dwS ,f? usaemfwd@rk Sm tm%mr&Sd/ aiGr&Sd/ vltaeeJ@uawmh jynfolawG&JŒ tawmftwef axmufcHraw_ mh&ySd gw,f? 'gayr,hvf n;f 90 wek ;f uvkd jynof l tm;v;kH &JŒ axmufcHr_&zd@ak wmh ar#mfvifhv@rkd &Edifk ygbl;? bma=umifhvqJ awkd mh vlxk&JŒ a&G;aumufyGJtay: arSsmfvifhcsufeJ@ pdwf"mwftajctae[m 90 jynfhESpf tajctaeawGeJ@ rsm;pGmuGmjcm;oGm;+yjDzpvf kd@yg? aemufwcku usaemfwd@k rSm ,Eœ&m;r&Sd? teft,fvf'D[m atmufajctxd zGJ@pnf;w,fqkdayr,fh usaemfwkd@tzGJ@tpnf;[m wu,fwrf;ajym&&if ckdifrmuspfvspfr_r&Sd awmhygbl;? tJ'Dvkd tajctaeawGrSm usaemfwkd@ a&G;aumufyGJ0ifr,fqkd&if a&G;aumufyGJ0ifr,fh udk,fpm;vS,frsm;taeeJ@ cvkwfwHoif;awG axmif acsmufawG trsm;}uD;jzwf=u&r,f? a&G;aumufyGJOya'awGeJ@ ty,fcH& rSm awG&Sdovkd aemufwcsufu ukd,fpm;vS,fawGukd trsKd;rsKd; t[ef@ twm;awG taESmifht,SufawG tE&œ m,fawG ray;b;l v@vkd nf; b,fvkd rS tmr˜rcHEkdifygbl;? tJ'DrSm ukd,fpm;vS,fawG apmifhaewJh=um;xJu rJvdrfr_awG/ rJckd;r_awG rjzpfEkdifbl;vkd@vnf; usaemfwkd@ b,fvkdrS tmrcH csuf ray;Ekdifbl;? 'DvkdtajctaersKd;awGrSm usaemfwkd@ a&G;aumufyGJ 0if=u&rSmjzpfygw,f? 'Dae&mrSm bmoma&;,kH=unfcsuftjrifeJ@ qufpyaef whJ qd;k ¶d;k pum;wckukd wifjycsifygw,f? tckumv[m o=dum; omoemjzpfwJhtwGufa=umifh uyfq;kd ab;qkd;}uD;awGeJ@ óuHawG@=uawmh r,f? tJ'Dumvqkd;eJ@ ywfouf+yD; “,ufoJh=um; ig;wif/ wifwJhig; a=umifpm;/ usefwJhig;rSvGwf”qkdwJh qkd¶kd;pum;yg? xkd@twlyJ a&G; aumufyGJ0ifr,fh v$wfawmfukd,fpm;vS,favmif;rsm;taeeJ@vnf; apm apmu axmifacsmuawf G cvkwf uoH if;awGausmfjzw+fyD; a&;G aumuyf JrG Sm tEkdif&&ifawmif tenf;pkaom tJ'Dv$wfawmf ukd,fpm;vS,fawG[m 'rD duk a&pD a&;/ vl@tcGifha&;e@/J wdik f; &if;om;awG&ŒJ tcGita&fh ;awGtwuG f

b,favmufrsm; aqmif&GufEkdifrSmvJ qkdwmudk tav;teufpOf;pm;zkd@ vkdygw,f? aemuwf csufu jyefvnfjyifqifz@kd vH;k 0rjzpfEkdifatmif taotcsm pDrHa&;qGJxm;wJh zGJ@pnf;ykHtajccHOya'ukd olwkd@ b,fvkdvkyf+yD;awmh jyif qifEkdifrSmvJ? 'ga=umifhrkd@vkd@ tJ'Dvrf;a=umif;u oGm;r,fqkd&if 'Drkdua& pDEkdifiHjzpfzkd@ wkdif;&if;om;awG&JŒ tcGifhta&;udk azmfaqmifzkd@twGuf óud;yrf;r_awG jzpfEdkifvdrfhr,fvkd@ rxifbl;? 'ga=umifh tJ'Dvkd0ifvkdufjcif; tm;jzifh &Ekdifr,fhtusKd;tjrwfu ra&&mayr,fh wbufrSmawmh ay; vkduf&r,fh t&if;ESD;awG qkH;¶_H;r_awGu twkdif;tqr&Sd ay:vmEkdifw,f? yxrqkH;¶_H;r_uawmh jynfolvlxk}uD;&JŒ ppfrSefwJh qENvnf;jzpf/ &pS fav;v;kH ta&;awmfykH}uD;&hJ atmiof D; atmifEHvS n;f jzpf/ 'Drkdua&pDtif tm;pkawG&Jh wkdufyGJatmifvHwHcGefvnf;jzpfwJh 90 a&G;aumufyGJ&v'fudk pGef@v$wfqkH;¶_H;cH&r,fhta&;yg? 'kwd,qkH;¶_H;r_uawmh etztkyfpku wkdif;jynfukd xm0& pdk;rkd;jc,f vS,fEkdifzkd@ wzufowfa&;qGJxm;wJh 2008 zGJ@pnf;ykHtajccHOya'ukd E_wtm;f jzifh/ oabmw&m;a&;tm;jzifh rnfokd@aom qef@usiuf ef@uuG fr_ awG ðyvkyfonjfzpfap a&G;aumufyuGJ dk 0ifvduk fjcif;tm;jzifh tqykd g zJ@Gpnf; yHkOya'ukd um,uHajrmuf vufcHtwnfðyay;vkdufovkd jzpfoGm;

r,fhta&;yg? wwd,tcsufuawmh a&G;aumufyJrG mS tet,f vf 'f DygwtyD gt0if 'rD duk a&pDtiftm;pkawG 0ifa&muf,SOfòydif crJh ,qf d&k if b,foyl J Edik fEdik f&_H;&H;_ a&G;aumuyf GJt+y;D ay:aygufvmr,hf tpdk;&&ŒJ w&m;0ifjzpfr[_ m ykdrkdcdkifrm oGm;rSmjzpf+yD; jynfolvlxkeJ@ EkdifiHwumtokdif;t0kdif;=um; tJ'D 2008 tajccHOya't& ykHajymif;xm;wJh ppftpkd;&tay: xm;&Sd&r,fh oabm xm;eJ@ ywfoufvkd@ tjrif¶_yfaxG;r_awG/ 0d0g'uGJjym;rawG_ ay:aygufEkdif+yD; tJ'Duwqihf 'Drukd a&pDtiftm;pkawG&JŒ a&SŒquf&r,fh c&D;vrf;a=umif; rmS csnhef @tJ m;enf;r_aw/G xckdd ufqkH;¶;_H rawG_ ay:ayguvf mEifrkd ,fh ta&;yg? 'ga=umifhrkd@vkd@ usaemfwkd@ 'Dvrf;xufpm&if apmapmuajymovkd etz&Jh 2010 xkd;ppfudk }uHh}uHhcH&if;eJ@ rdrd&JŒ cHppfa=umif;udk vkHatmif xde;f +yD;awmh a&G;aumufyGJrwkdifrDrSmvnf; a&G;aumufyGJudk qef@usirf ,f/ a&G;aumufyGJ+yD;wJh tcgrSmvnf; usaemfwkd@ pnf;pnf;vkH;vkH; nDnD!Gwf !Gwef J@ qu+fyD;awmh&yfr,qf kd&if usaemfwd@k a&SŒudkquf+yD;awmh EkdifiHa&; óud;yr;f aqmif&Gufr_ vkyEf ifrkd Smjzpfygw,?f tJ'awD mh a&G;aumuyf JG [kdbuf umvrSmvnf; usaemfwkd@jynfwGif;rSm teft,fv'f DeJ@wuG EkdifiHa&;ygwD awGudk tay;t,l rvkyfwJhtwGuf/ rnd‡E_dif;wJhtwGuf/ raqG;aEG;wJht wGu/f trsKd;om; nD!wG fr_r&dwS JhtwGuf wkdif;jynf[m EkdifiHa&;wnf+idrfr_ r&Ekdifygbl;? xkd@twl ukvor*~eJ@ urBm@EkdifiHawGu tm;vkH;yg0if EkdifwJh Edifik Ha&;vkyfie;f pOfwck aqmif&Guzf kd@ wukd fwGef;aewJh=um;u etztaeeJ@ a&;G aumuyf JuG kd wzufowf usif;yaqmif&GufoGm;r,qf d&k if a&;G aumuyf JG ukdaomfvnf;aumif;/ a&G;aumufyGJ+yD;aemuf jzpfay:vmr,fh tpkd;&udk aomfvnf;aumif; EkdifiHwumtodkif;t0kdif;u vufcHrSmr[kwfovkd jynfovl lxuk vn;f vufcHrSmr[kwfwJhtwGuf EkdifiHwume@J jrefrmEkdifiH qufqHa&;rSm vdyfcJwnf;vnf; &SdaerSmyg? aemufwcsufu wkdif;&if;om;rsm;eJ@ tckvkd toGiful;ajymif;a&; udpPawG/ vufeuf¶kyfodrf;a&;udpPawG[m tcktcsdefrSm rajyvnfovkd 2010 a&G;aumufyGJ+yD;&ifvnf; ajyvnfrSm r[kwfygbl;? bma=umifhvJ qkdawmh 2008 zGJ@pn;f ykHukd wkdif;&if;om;EdifiHa&k ;ygwDawGu vufrcHovkd wkdif;&if;om;+idrf;tzGJ@awG/ vufeufukdifawmfvSefa&; vkyfaewJh tzGJ@tpnf;awGuvnf; vufrcHwhtwJ Gufa=umifh jynfwGif;+idrf;csrf;a&; ukdvnf;yJ tjynfht0 azmfaqmifEkdifrSmr[kwfygbl;? tJ'Dvkd jynfwGif; +idr;f csrf;a&;r&Sd/ jynfwGif;rSm EkdifiHa&;wnf+idrfr_r&Sd/ EkdifiHwumquqf Ha&; rSmvnf; vdyfcJwnf;vnf; jzpfaewJh EkdifiH[m }uD;yGm;zG@Hòzd;wkd;wufzkd@ tvGefrS cufcJygvdrfhr,f? tJ'Dawmh zGH@òzd;wJh 'Drkdua&pDEkdifiH xlaxmifzkd@ qkdwmuvnf;yJ rvG,fulwJhtwGuf jynfolawG&JŒb0/ jynfolawG&Jh pm;0wfaea&;/ jynfolawG&JŒwkd;wufr_ rjzpfEkdifwJhtwGuf a=umihf jynfolawGuvnf; t+rJwrf;qef@usifaerSmjzpfygw,f? tJ'DvkdumvrSm usaemfwkd@EkdifiHa&;ygwDawG/ wkdif;&if;om;tzGJ@t pnf;awG[m cHppfa=umif;uae EkdifiHa&;xkd;ppf udk jyefvnfqifE$J+yD; 'Drkdua&pDEkdifiH ay:aygufa&;twGuf qufvufóud;yrf;Ekdifvdrhfr,fvkd@ ,kH=unfygw,f? 'ga=umifh teft,fvf'Dtygt0if EkdifiHa&;ygwDtm;vkH; rdrdwkd@&JŒ&yfwnfcsuf rlawG[m jyifvG,f/ ajymif;vG,f Fle ible jzpfw,f qkdayr,fh rvkdtyfbJeJ@ ta=umif;rJh rpGef@v$wf=uzkd@eJ@ tajccHrlay:rSm cifkd ckdifrmrm jywfjywfom;om; &ywf nf=uz@kd va=kd umif; wudk wf eG ;f a&;om;

vkduf&ygw,f?Ð

atmifZH
atmifZH
 

tetf ,fvf'Du xkwfjyecf wJhJ h

 

a&$*wdHk

kifa=unmpmwrf;[m

teft,fvf'&JD h Eidk fiHa&;rl/

Eidk fiHa&;oabmxm;

&yfwncf suaf wjGzpof

vdk

ptmD

yyD &JD hrl/ pDtmyDyD&Jh

&ywf

nfcsuvf

n;f jzpfygw,?f

'ga=umifh vw$ fawmfu,kd fpm;v,S frsm;onf zJ@pG nf;tkycsf KyfykH tajccH Oya'ukd a&;qGJEkdifonfvkd@ 1§90 rSm jyÏmef;xm;ayr,fh vufawG@ rmaS wmh wu,wf rf; etzu a&;qJxG m;wJh z@pGJ n;f tkyfcsKyfytakH jccHOya' tcsuftvufawGudkom v$wfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;u oabmwl vufcH twnfðyay;cJh&wJh taetxm;rSmom &SdcJh&ygw,f? oabmrwl vd@kvn;f r&ygb;l ? tpktz@tGJ m;jzifh v$wfawmfu,kd pf m;v,S ftaeeJ@ wz@/GJ EkdifiHa&;ygwDu wzGJ@/ etzu olwkd@tvkdus acgif;acgufa&G;xm;wJh tjcm;tpktzGJ@u (6) zGJ@jzpfwJhtwGufa=umifh ajcmufzGJ@ESpfzGJ@/ ajcmufrJ ESpfrJeJ@ olwkd@om t+rJwrf; tompD;&aeatmif pDrHxm;wmvnf; nDvmcHrSmawG@&ygw,f? 'ga=umifhrkd@vkd@ EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;/ v$wfawmf udk,fpm;vS,frsm; ar#mfvihfcJhovdk zGJ@pnf;tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'udk v$wfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;u a&;qGJcGihf&Sdw,fqkdwJh 1§90 tykd'fyg tcsufudkyifv#if aqmif&GufEkdifcGihfr&SdwJh tajctaeeJ@ óuHcJh&ygw,f? 'g[m EkdifiHa&;ygwDawG jzwfoef;vmcJhwJhc&D;rSm usaemfwkd@&JŒ tajccHrlawGudk rpGef@csifbJ pGef@cJh&wJh tawG@tóuHawGygyJ? wu,fawmh 1990 a&G;aumufyGJqkdwm jynfol@v$wfawmfa&G; aumufyGJyg? jynfol@v$wfawmf a&G;aumufyGJqkdwm tm%mokH;&yfukd ykdifpkd;wJh a&G;aumufyGJjzpfygw,f? tJ'Dvkd tm%mokH;&yfudk ykdifpdk;wJh a&G;aumufyGJ jzpfwJhtwGufa=umifh EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm; awmif;qkdwJh tm%mv$Jajymif;ay;zkd@/ jynfol@v$wfawmf ac:ay;zkd@ awmif;qkdcsuf[m vnf; rSefuefwJh awmif;qkdcsuf/ rSefuefwJh &yfwnfcsuf jzpfygw,f? 'gayr,hf tajctaet&y&f ya=umif fh usaemfwd@k rvl u &ywf nfawmif;qkd cJhwJh tm%mv$Jajymif;a&;/ v$wfawmfac:,la&; qkdwmawGudk pGef@v$wf cJh&+yD;wJhaemufydkif;rSm awG@qkHaq;G aEG;a&;/ trsKd;om;jyevf nfoifhjrwa&;f qwkd Jh &yfwncsf uf oabmxm;awGudkyJ usaemfwkd@ ukdifpGJcJh&ygawmhw,f? 'Dae&mrSm teft,fvf'Du xkwfjyefcJhwJh a&$*kHwkdifa=unmpmwrf; [m teft,fvf'D&Jh EkdifiHa&;rl/ EkdifiHa&; oabmxm; &yfwnfcsufawG jzpfovkd pDtmyDyD&Jhrl/ pDtmyDyD&JŒ &yfwnfcsufvnf;jzpfygw,f? xkd@twl

. yDeef 'kuQonf olawmif;pm; ( 5000 ) ausmf rS

     

rsufESmzHk; a&G;aumufyJG pnf;¶Hk;a&;orm;rsm;udk }uHhzHG@u ¶dkufESuf rS æ

 

æ

     

.

trsKd;om; EkdifiHa&; aphaqmfolrsm;/

EdkifiHjcm;om; olawmif;pm; awG&J@0ifaiG[m rav;&Sm;EkdifiHu Om%tvkyf orm;rsm;&J@ 0ifaiG xufawmifykdw,f? olwkd@[mw vrSm tenf;qkH;0ifaiG wpfaxmif/ ESpfaxmifcef@&&Sd+yD; trsm;qkH;w aomif;txd &&Sd}uygw,f? ol awmif;pm;trsm;pk[m w¶kwf/ xkdif;/jrefrm/ygupPwefESifhtdENd,

EkdifiHrsm;rSjzpf=u+yD; olwkd@[mr av;&Sm;EkdifiHrS ta,mifaqmifol awmif;pm; tkypf keJ@vn;f quEf ,G f r&_ ae=Sd uw,f”[lI rav;&Sm;Edifk iH w¶kwftrsKd;om;tpnf;t¶kH; (MCA). jynfol@a&;&mESifh wkdif wef;a&;Xme t}uD;tuJjzpfol 'gwGwfrkduU,facsmifu ajym=um; oGm; cJ@onf?Ð

jynfaxmipf kowi;pf m tvLS &Sirf sm;

7/ EdkifiHa&; abm*aA' avhvm

a&; rsKd;qufopf ausmif;awmfom; p/k woD;yk*~vESifh nvD mcHu,dk f pm; vS,ftcsKdŒ yg0ifonf? 'Drdku&uf wpfygwDudkrl 0g&ifh EkdifiHa&;orm; }uD; OD;oka0 OD;aqmifum xif&Sm; aom EkdifiHa&;acgif;aqmifrsm;. orD;tcsKdŒESifh pkaygif;zJG@pnf;xm; onf?Ð

G

udkynm (aemfa0;) udkarmifarmif(qlAef;) udkat;odef;

&if;*pf

100

teft,f'D tygt0if trsKd; om; EkdifiHa&;teft,f'D vli,f (rdwˆDvm)/ rsKd;cspf trsKd;om; EdkifiHa&; tpnf;t¶kH; (awmifwGif; }uD;)/ +idrf;csrf;a&;ESifh wdk;wufa&; tzGJ@/ trsKd;om; EkdifiHa&; &ckdifjynf e,f/ 'Drdk tet,f 'f D (ppuf if;dk wif;dk )/

&if;*pf

50

&if;*pf

50

udkomaX;0if;(e,l;ZDvef)

&if;*pf

50

udkaX;0if; (qHk*efbmq)

&if;*pf

100

 

j ynfaxmifpkowif;pmudk ZGefv? 2009 ckESpfrS pwifxkwfa0onf/

pmrsufESm?

8

pmrsufESm? 8 ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/ tjiif;yGg;p&m&Sdv#if tiftm;roHk;&/

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/

tjiif;yGg;p&m&Sdv#if tiftm;roHk;&/ t=urf;rzuf&/ aqG;aEG;ajz&Sif;=u&rnf

tar&duefjynfaxmifpktygt0if wdk;wufzGHŒòzd;+yD;EdkifiHrsm;. zGJ@pnf;yHktajccHOya' a&;qGJolrsm;t"du vufudkifxm;onfrSm vpfb&,f 'Drdkua&pD0g'yifjzpfygonf? vpfb&,f 'Drdkua&pD0g'. t"dutESpfom&wGif tjiif;yGg;p&m&Sdv#if tiftm;roHk;&/ t=urf;r zuf&/ aqG;aEG;ajz&Sif;=u&rnf[laom rl0g'rsm;udk trsm;wum od&Sdae=u+yD;jzpfygonf? oabmxm;udkvnf; wzufwnf;uomajymqdkcGifh&onfrsKd; rjzpfap&bJ/ ESpfzufpvHk;uyGifhyGifhvif;vif; tajctwifajymqdk aqG;aEG;yifdk cGifhonf vpfb&,0f g'ukd usifhok;H owl ifdk ; vkud ef musifhok;H v#uf &Sd=uygonf? tar&duefjynfaxmifpk. vuf&Sdtpdk;&onf vpfb&,f 0g'udk vufudkifxm;olrsm;jzpfI jrefrmtpdk;& acgif;aqmif}uD; rdp>m'dXd AdkvfcsKyfrª;}uD;oef;a&$ESifh wdkuf¶dkufajymqdkqufqHr_udk tvG,fwulESifh &Edkifrnfr[kwfyg? &&Sdaomfvnf; atmifjrifr_udk tvG,fwul&Edkifrnf r[kwfyg? atmifjrifr_qdkonfrSm jrefrmppftm%m&Sif}uD;onf b,faomtcgrS vpfb&,f 'Drdkua&pD0g'bufudk ,drf;,dkifvmvdrfhrnf r[kwfI jzpfygonf? vpfb&,f 'Drdkua&pD0g'onf (17)&mpkwGifrSom Oa&mywdkufwGif bmoma&;ppfyGJrsm;a=umifhtaotaysmufrsm;jcif;tay:rlwnfI ay:aygufvmjcif;jzpfygonf? Ak'<bmom jrefrmvlrsKd;rsm;twGuf vpbf &,0f g'onf bk&m;ocifyifG hawmrf ol ntfh csdeuf yif ay:aygufcaoJh m

0g'oabmw&m;jzpfygonf?

Ak'<bk&m;&Sifawmf0g'wGif rnfonfhtjiif;yGg;r_udkrqdk aqG;aEG; n‡dE_dif;tajz&SmcJhygonf? tpGef;ESpfbufudk a&Smif&Sm;&rnfqdkaom rZPsdryÉdy'gonf vpfA&,f0g'yifjzpfygonf? ,ae@ jrefrmEdkifiHwGif pdk;rdk;cs,fvS,faeaom wyfcsKyf}uD; AdkvfcsKyfrª;}uD;oef;a&$ESifhtaygif;yg ppfAdkvfcsKyfwpkonf Ak'<&Sifawmfbk&m;. rZPsdryÉdy'g0g'tqHk;trudk aoGz,fae=uonfh rpd >m'dXdrsm; jzpf=ujcif;a=umifhomv#if tjiif;yGg;bG,f jy\em[lor#udk tiftm;oHk;+yD; t=urf;zufum wbufapmif;eif; ajz&Sif;ae=uygonf? trSefwu,fwGif Ak'<bmomudk ouf0ifudk;uG,f =uaom ppfAdkvfcsKyf}uD;rsm;qdkygu tar&duefESifh t*FvdyfvlrsdK;rsm; a&SŒuOD;aqmifum wdkuf¶dkufqufqHajymqdkaqG;aEG;tajz&Smr_udk usifhoHk;=u&rnfyif jzpfygonf? rdp>m'dXdjzpfaom ppftm%m&Sif AdkvfcsKyf rª;}uD;. 2008ckESpf EdkifiHawmf zGJŒpnf;yHktajccHOya'wGif tv,ftvwf vrf;pOfjzpfaomvpfA&,f 'Drdkua&pD0g'vnf; wvHk;rSryg0ifyg? vlwOD;csif;pD. tcGifhta&;ESifhvGwfvyfr_vnf; vHk;0ryg0ifyg? wef;wl nDr#r_udkvnf; o¶kyfraqmifyg? w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;udkvnf; vspfvsL ¶_Œxm;ygonf?vlxkudktajccHaom tpdk;& tzGJŒtpnf;rsdK;udkvnf; rsufuG,fðyxm;ygonf? EdkifiHa&;ygwDtzGJŒtpnf; vlyk*~dKvfwOD;csif; pDwdkŒ. vGwfvyfcGifhESifh w'ifuv_yf&Sm;olrsm;udk tpdk;&zGJŒydkifcGifhudkvnf; vHk;0 xnfhoGif;rxm;yg? wdkif;oljynfom;rsm;. tcGifhta&;udk OD;pm;r ay;bJ ppfAdkvpf pfom;rsm;. tcGita&fh ;rsm;ukod m Oya' abmifausmf+yD; ay;tyfxm;ygonf? rdp>m'dXdESifh vpfb&,f 'Drdkua&pDorm;wdkŒwkduf¶dkuf

ta0;a&mufoHwrefwOD;

qufqHajymqdkr_rsm; ðyvkyfrnfqdkjcif;onf tcsdefukef aiGukef vlyrf; rnfhtvkyfwckomjzpfygonf? jrefrmhajray:&Sd tjiif;yGg;aeonfh jy\emrsm;- 1? bk&m;om;awmf &[ef;oHCmawmfrsm;ESifh AdkvfcsKyfrª;}uD;oef;a&$wdkŒ. ywœedukuUKZe oHCmhoydwfarSmuf uHaqmif&onfhtxd }uD;rm;aom jy\em? 2? 1990jynfhESpf taxGaxGa&G;aumufyGJwGiftEdkif&&SdcJhaom wdkif;&if;om;ygwDrsm;/ wdkif;&if;om;vufeufudkiftzGJŒtpnf;rsm; typf&yfvufeufudkiftzGJŒtpnf; ponfrsm;ESifh AdkvfcsKyfrª;}uD; oef;a&$wdkŒ. r+idrf;rcsrf;onfh jy\emrsm;? 3?1990jynfhESpf taxGaxGa&G;aumufyGJwGif tjywftowf tEdkif&&Sd xm;aom trsdK;om;'Drdkua&pDtzGJŒcsKyfESifh AdkvfcsKyfrª;}uD;oef;a&$wdkŒ rajyvnfaom EdkifiHa&;jy\emrsm;? 4?2008ckESpf EdkifiHawmf zGJŒpnf;yHktjccHOya'yg tydk'ftrsm;tjym;udk jynfolvlxku vufrcHEdkifI jyifqifcGifhay;&efawmif;cHaeonfh jy\emrsm;? 5? xdkif;EdkifiH rav;&Sm;EdkifiH tdENd,ESifh b*Fvm;a'h&SfEdkifiHrsm;wGifa&muf&Sd aeaom jrefrm'kuQonfrsm;. jy\emrsm;? 6? jrefrmESifhb*Fvm;a'h&Sf a&ydkifeuf tjiif;yGg;aeonfh jy\emrsm;? 7? ppftpdk;& pDrHtkyfcsKyfa&;nzHh sif;I wkif;d oljynfom;rsm; iwfrGwf qif;&J aeaom jy\emrsm;? 8? vlxkacgif;aqmif a':atmifqef;pk=unfausmif;om;acgif;aqmif OD;rif;udkEdkifESifh vlrsdK;pkacgif;aqmifrsm;tm; tiftm;oHk; t=urf;zufum owfjzwfaxmifcsaeonfh jy\emrsm;? 9? 2010 ckESpfwGif ppftm%m&Sifrsm;u usif;yay;rnf[k uwdðyxm; aom taxGaxGa&;G aumuyf GJtwGuf a&G;aumufyGJ aumfr&SifrzGJŒEdkifjcif;? pn;f ur;f pn;f rsOf;Oya'rsm; rxwk jfyeEf kid fjcif;EifS h aeŒ&urf owrf wS Ef kid fjcif; paom wyfrawmftwGif; rwifrus oabmuGJvGJaeaom jy\emrsm;? tar&dueftpdk;&. ay:vpDtopfu txufygjy\emrsm;udk ajz&Sif;ay;Edkifyghrvm;? tar&duef jynfaxmifpk. vuf&SdorRw}uD; rpPwm tkdbm;rm;. oHwrefenf;vrf;t& pD;yGg;a&;'%fcwfydwfqdkŒr_ udkvnf; usifhoHk;rnf? xdkŒtjyif jrefrmppftpdk;&ESifh wdkuf¶dkuf qufqH ajymqdkr_rsm; ðyvkyfrnfqdkaom ay:vpDtopfonf ed'gef;tpom &Sdao;onf? ay:vpDtopfcsrSwf&ef tcsdefumvtm;jzifh (7)vom avhvmcJhonf[k qdkygonf? ay:vpDtopfcsrSwf+yD;rS ,ckwzef tcsuf tvufrsm;paqmk if;&ef/ avhvm&ef/ tar&duef tqifhjrifh uk,d fpm;v,S f rsm; jrefrmEdkifiHodkŒ oGm;a&mufrnf[k qdkvmjyefygonf? pma&;ol tae jzifh oHwrefqufqHa&;ESifh EdkifiHa&;twdkif;twmwGif wqifh+yD;wqifh ðyvkyf&rnfhtqifh(5)qifh &Sdonfudk owdrlrdygonf?

(1) uefŒuGufjcif;/ &_wfcsjcif;/ tjypfwifjcif;/ (2) a&$Œqdkif;jcif;/ y,fzsufjcif;/ acgif;aqmifrsm; tvnftywfroGm;jcif;/ rsufESmcsif;qdkif tpnf;ta0;rxkifjd cif;/ ydwfqdkŒwm;qD;jcif;? (3) oHwrefqufqHa&; tqifhtwef; avsmhcsjcif;/ (oHtrwf}uD; &mxl; tqifh tqifhtwef;cefŒtyfI rqufqHjcif;rsKd;jzpfygonf?) (4) oHwref tquftoG,fjzwfawmufvdkufjcif;/ (5) tpdk;&udk todtrSwfrðyjcif;/ 2008 ckESpfwGif tpdk;&jzpfvmaom 'Drdku&ufwpfygwDtpdk;&. orwR }uD; bm&utdkbf m;rm;u,cif orRw}uD; rpPwm a*smh'AvsLb&k Sf tpdk;&taejzifh rdp>m0if¶dk;wef;EdkifiH pm&if;ygaomEdkifiHrsm; jrefrmEdkifiH tygt0ifwŒESdk ifh wdkuf&kduf quqf Hpum;ajymrnfqdkum ay:vptoD pfudk pwifvmaeygonf? tar&dueftpdk;&opftaejzifh jrefrmEdkifiH tay:

xm;&Sdaom oHwrefqufqHa&;ESifh EdkifiHa&;twdkif;wmtqifh(3)qifhudk a&mufae+yD;rS ratmifjrif[kqdkum avSum;aemufjyefqif;aejcif;udk tHh=ooifhp&mvdk jzpfaeygonf? tar&duefjynfaxmifpk. '%fcwf ta&;,lr_onf ratmifjrifvm;/ atmifjrifonfvm;qdkonfudk 2009 ckESpfwGif ukvor*~nDvmcHodkŒ wufa&mufum rdefŒcGef;ajymoGm;aom 0ef}uD;csKyfqdkol AdkvfcsKy}fuD;odef;pdef. rdeŒcGef f;u tajzay;oGm;cJhygonf? jrefrmppftm%m&Sif}u;D rsm;. wudk,fawmfpD;yGg;a&;udk txdemvm I rcHr&yfEdkifatmif tusyftwnf;rsm;awGŒaeum pD;yGg;a&;ydwfqdkŒr_udk a0zetjf ypwf ifoGm;cJhygonf? rpwP m tdkbm;rm; tp;dk &taejzifh pD;yg;G a&; ydwfqdkŒuefŒowfr_udk qufvufxm;&Sdaeonfh ay:vpDudkom axmufcH &ygrnf? rdp>mESifhpum;ajym&if udk,fudkwdkif rdp>mESifh taygif;toif; jzpfoGm;cJhaomf zGwfr& "g;rqHk;onfhudef; qdkufoGm;ygvdrfhrnf? rpPwm tkdbm;rm;taejzifh um,uH&Sif jrerf mEdkifiH. Eifidk Ha&;/ p;D yg;G a&;/ ynma&; trsdK;om;pnf;vHk;nDnGwfa&; t"duacgif;aqmifrsm;.tusifhpm&dwœ paomyk*~dKvfa&;&mrsm;ESifh jzpfysufaeaom jy\emt&if;tjrpfutp ravhvmyguem;rvnfbJ ¶kwfw&uf pdwful;pdwfoef;ay:aygufonhf twdkif; aumufvkyfrdygu trSm;}uD;rSm;+yD; EdkbJvf+idrf;csrf;a&;qkukdyif v$ifhypfcsifpdwfaygufoGm;Edkifygonf? xdkŒtjyif tar&dueftpdk;& udk,fpm;vS,fawmf}uD;rsm;onf jrefrmppftpdk;&u wbufowfa&;qGJ xm;aom ppftm%m&Siftpdk;& w&m;0ifjzpfa&;twGuf 2008 ckESpf jrefrmEdkifiHzGJŒpnf;yHktajccHOya'udkvnf; vpfb&,f 'Drdku&ufwpf

pHE_e;f pHxm;rsm;jzifhvn;f csdefx;dk avhvm+yD;roS m 2010 a&G;aumuyf uJG pd uP kd pum;xJwGif xnfhajymoifhygonf? tar&duefjynfaxmifpk Oa&my or*~0ifEdkifiHrsm; =opa=w;vsEdkifiH

ESifh *syefEdkifiHrsm;. acgif;aqmif}uD;rsm;taejzifh vpfb&,f 'Drdkua&pD

0g'.t"du tESpfom&jzpfaom tjiif;yGg;p&m&Sdv#if tiftm;roHk;&/ t=urf;rzuf&/ aqG;aEG;ajz&Sif;=u&rnf[laom rludkqkyfudkifum jrefrmEdkifiHa&;udkoHk;yGifhqdkif awGŒqHkaqG;aEG;a&;pm;yGJ0dkif;rS vlxkudk tajcðyaom 'Drdkua&pDtpdk;&rsKd; ay:aygufvmapatmif qufvufydwf qdkŒ'%fcwf zdtm;ay;=uyg&ef yef=um;tyfygonf?Ð

. u&ifhESpfopful;yGJawmf rS æ

i a ion(ENO) OuUX Sa A.Ganem K noo rS wkdif;&if; nDtpfukd armifESpfrrsm;ESifh t xl;{nofh nfrsm; cifAsm; 'aeD @ u&ifh ESpfopful; tcgo,rSm ta&;t }uD;qkH;ajym=um;vkdwm uawmh ArmwjynfvkH;&Sd usaemfwkd@ u&if

trsKd;om;awG[m pnf; pnf;vkH; vkH;eJ@ &Sd&rnf jzpfa=umif;/ wkdif;&if; om;tm;vkH;eJ@ vufwGJ csDwuf =ur,fqkdwJh pdw"f gwf tJ'Dpwd f"gwf ukd usaemfwkd@ u&iftrsKd;om; awG[m wpkdufrwfrwf vkyf aqmifchJ=ua=umif;? “vkyfaqmifcsuf[m wajz; ajz; ESpfaygif;(60)ausmfcJh+yD vkyf av u&ifvlxk[muJGav wkdif; &if;om;awG[muJGavyJ tJ'gbm

vJ u&iftrsKd;om;awG&Jh tjypfr

[kwfbl; wkdif&if;om; nDtpfukd awG&Jh tjypfr[kwfbl; u&ifvlrsKd;

rsm;ESifh wkdif&if;om; nDtpfukdawG &Jh aoG;pnf;nDnGwfa&; jynfolvl xk&hJ wkd;wufa&;ukd rcspfrESpfouf

wJh &efukeftpkd;& wenf;tm;jzifh

,ck e,fjynfawmfppftkyfpk e0w

u tJ'gukd wpkdufrwfrwf apmif;

ay;wkdufckdufw,f/ EkdifiHa&;t& vkdufzsufw,f/ bmoma&;t&

wduk fckduaewf ,f/u|Eykf fwd@k óud;pm; vmcJhor#ukd vkdufzsufaewJh t wGua=uf mifh jzpfa=umif;? tJh'g[m usaemfwkd@ wkdif;&if;om; nDtpfukd armifESrawG&Jh tjypfr[kwfbl;/ wu,fh t"duw&m;cH[m &efuek f tkyfpk e0w/ etz jzpfa=umif;? u&ifawGwkdufwm[m ArmvlrsKd; awGukdwkdufwmr[kwfbl;/ wkdif; &if;om;vlrsKd;awGukdwkdufwm r[wk fbl;/ u&ifawG wkdufwm[m tJ'Dr[mvlrsKd;}uD; ukdpJGukdifaewJh tkyfpkwpkukdwkdufaea=umif;? tJ'Dtkyfpk[m u&ifvlrsKd;wifru bl; &Srf;/ csif;/ ucsif/ rGef/ &ckdif/ u&ifeD/ ytdk@/ yavmif/ avm[l/ 0 pwJhvlrsKd;awGukdvnf; enf;rsKd;pkHeJ@ òzdcGif;zsuqf ;D ae a=umif;? 'ga=umifh usaemft"du ajymvkdwmu pnf; vkH;nD!Gwfa&; tajz&Smwm[m

vG,fhvG,fav; u&ifwrsKd;om; vH;k awa&mG / wkdif; &if;om;tm;vH;k awGa&m/ &efukef tpkd;&(0g)aejynf awmftp;kd &&Jh vkyfaqmifcsufreS fo r#ukd qef@usif&r,f olwkd@ujzLqkd usaemfwkd@u rJjy&rSmjzpfa=umif;? olwd&k Jhaemuf vkdufawG/ toif;kd t 0dif;k tm;ay;tm;ajr‡muf vyk faewJh taumif awGukdvnf; jywfjywf om;om;qef@usif&r,fjzpf a=umif;? tJ'Dvkd nDnD!Gwf!GwfeJ@ wkdif;&if;om; jynfolawG qef@usif wkdufckdufr,fqkd&if/ usaemfwkd@ &nfrSefcsufyef;wkdifjzpfwJh usaemf wkd@t,ifvkd vm;cJhwJh &nfrSe;f csuf jzpfwJh xm0&+idrf;csrf;a&; vrf; a=umif;ukd csDwufa&muf&Sd rSmjzpf a=umif;”paom nDnGwfjcif;jzifh atmifyGJ qifEikd f&erf sm;ukd ajym=um; oGm;cJhonf?Ð

atmifyGJ qifEikd f&erf sm;ukd ajym=um; oGm;cJhonf?Ð u&ifh¶dk;&m 'Hk;,drf;tujzifh azsmfajzaepOf .

u&ifh¶dk;&m 'Hk;,drf;tujzifh azsmfajzaepOf

. ygwDacgif;aqmifydkif; jyefvnfzGJ@pnf;&ef rS æ

emudk óuHawG@cJh&+yD; ,cktcg wGif CEC tzGJ@0if 11 OD;teuf 6 OD;rSm usef;rma&; c|wf,Gif;v#uf&Sd onf? ygwDudk jyefvnf jyifqifcGifh &Sdonf[laom 1989 ckESpf a&G; aumufyGJaumfr&Sif. xkwfjyef csuf 245 t& NLD ygwDonf CEC tzGJ@udk jyefvnfzGJ@pnf;onfh xkwf jyefcsufwapmifudk a&G; aumufyGJ usif;ya&; aumfrwDESifh ppftpdk;&ok@d ,ckESpf Edk0ifbmv 16 &ufwGif ay;ydk@cJhonf? ,if;topf zGJ@pnf; vdkufaom CEC tzGJ@wGif 2008 ckESpf pufwifbmvwGif tusOf;axmifrS vGwfajrmufvm cJhaom OD;0if;wifESifh OD;cifarmifqG wdk@ yg0ifvmonf? a':atmifqef;pk=unfESifh ppftpdk;& qufqHa&;0ef}uD; OD; atmif=unfwdk@ 'DZifbmv 9 &uf ae@u &efukefòrdŒ&Sd tpdk;& {nfha*

[mwGif 45 rdepf=um awGŒqkHcJh+yD; aemufykdif; ,ckuoJh k@d CEC 3-OD; ESifh awG@qkH&ef tm%mydkifwdk@u pDpOf ay;jcif;jzpfonf? a':atmifqef;pk=unfu CEC 3-OD;udk uefawmh+yD; opfoD;/ aq;ESifh tm;jznfh azsmf&nfrsm;udk vufaqmifay;a=umif; OD;vGifu owif; axmufrsm;udkqdkonf? a':atmifqef;pk=unfonf +yD;cJhonfh Ekd0ifbm 11 &ufae@u vnf; AdkvfcsKyfrª;}uD; oef;a¶$ESifh awGŒqkHcGifh&&ef'kwd, pmwapmif a&;om;ay;ykd@I usef;rma&; c|wf ,Gif;aeaom NLD A[dk tvkyft r_aqmif tzGJ@0ifrsm;jzpfonfh ,if; CEC 3-OD;ukd oGm;a&muf *g&0ðy ueawf mhcGifh ay;a&; awmi;f qxdk m; onf? xkd@tjyif NLD 'kOuUÏ OD;wifOD; tygt0if A[dktvkyft

r_ aqmiftzGJ@0ifrsm;ESifh awG@qkHcGifh ay;a&;/ ppftpdk;&ESifh yl;aygif; aqmif&GufcGifh&a&;/ AdkvfcsKyfrª;}uD; oef;a&$ESifh awG@qkHcGifhðya&; wdk@ udkvnf; a':atmifqef;pk=unfu awmif;qdkxm;onf? okd@aomf ,if;awG@qkHcGifhESifh ywfoufI wpkHw&m ta=umif;jyef=um;jcif; r&Sdao;a=umif; od&onf? +yD;cJhonfh Edk0ifbmv twGif;

u ta&SŒtm&SESifh ypdzdwfa&;&m vufaxmuf EdkifiHjcm;a&;0ef}uD; rpPwm umhwf urf;bJvf OD;aqmif onfh tar&duef udk,fpm;vS,f tzGJ@ c&D;pOftwGif; ,if;tzGJ@ESifh rawG@qkHrD OD;wifOD;ukd csefvSyfI NLD A[dk tvkyf tr_aqmiftzGJ

ESifh awG@qkH&ef tpdk;&u pDpOfay;

jcif;udk a':atmifqef;pk=unfu auseyfr_r&Sdojzifh jiif;y,fcJh onf?Ð

.vrl sK;d pok lyek rf sm;tm;EdrS Ef Si;f &erf æS

wmusnfrsm; ykd@aqmifbl;cJh a=umif;/ &Srf;jynf ta&S@ajrmufykdif; &Sd/ jrefrmppfwyfrS xGufajy;vm aom ppfom;rsm;u owif;Xme odk@ ajymjycJhonf? ,if;"gwk armfwmusnfrsm;

rSm vlukd ,m,Darh ajroGm;ap+yD;/

tou&f SLusyfvmum rsufpud G,f onftxd/ xda&mufr_&Sda=umif; ,if;vufeuf rsm;ukd tqifhjrifh ppt&f m&}SduD;rsm;. trdef@t&om

okH;pJGcGifh&Sda=umif; ,if;ppfom;rsm;

u &Sif;jy cJh=uonf? ,cktcg jref

rmppfwyfonf/ uarBm'D,m;rS crmeDolykefrsm; E_drfESif;enf;ESifh oD&dvFumrS (wmar)usm;olykef E_drfESif;enf; rsm;ukd tao;pdyfavh vmaea=umif; e,fjynfawmfrS ppft&m&Sd rsm;ESifh eD;pyfaomt

okdif;t0kdif;rS owif;&&SdcJhhonf//Ð

j ynfaxmifpkowif;pmudk ZGefv? 2009 ckESpfrS pwifxkwfa0onf/

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/ pmrsufESm? 9 2010 pdefac:r_udk

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/

pmrsufESm?

9

2010 pdefac:r_udk ytdk0f;trsKd;om;vGwfajrmufa&;tzGJŒcsKyfu &ifqdkifzdkŒ tqifhoihfjzpf

tzŒtJG pn;f rul awkd mh ajymi;f vJjcif; r¶Sd[k qdk.? “usaemfwdk@ ytkd0f;trsKd;om; wpkwpnf;jzpfatmif vkyfEdkif cJhovdk trdo#rf;jynf}uD; vGwf ajrmufzdk@ rdrdarG;&myg tcGifhta&; wdku,f lzdkŒ OD;wnfcsucsf EkdifcJhw,f?

o#rf;oawmfqH ifh 11/ 'DZifbm/ 2009

onf? o#rf;jynfapmfbGm;rsm; tm%mpGef@&ef qHk;jzwf+yD;aemuf 1958 wGif vufeufcsonf? odk@aomf 8 ESpft=umwGif ytdk0f; trsKd;om;vGwajrf mua&;f tzŒcsKGJ yf PNLO trnfjzifh ppftpdk;&udk jyefvnfqef@usif awmfvSefcJh

aemufydkif; wmcJv,f acgif; aqmifonfh ArmjynfuGefjrLepf ygwD axmufcHonfh SNPLO (1994 typf&yf ) ac: ytdk0f;eD wyfz@EGJ ifhS ytdk0;f jzLac: OD;atmifcrf; xD OD;aqmifonfh PNO (1991 typf&yf) tzGJŒ[lIESpfzGJŒ uGJoGm;cJh onf? tck zGJŒpnf;vdkufonfh PNLO rSm OD;atmifcrf;xD OD;aqmif onfh PNO typf&yftzGJŒ ryg0if ao;aomfvnf; &efaqmifwdkufyGJ rsm; qifEGJrnfr[kwfa=umif; nDvmcHtwGif; ajymqdkaqG;aEG; qHk;jzwf cJh=uonf[k qdkonf? tqdkygzGJŒpnf;vdkufonfh PNLO ytdk0f;trsKd;om;vGwf ajrmufa&;tzGJŒcsKyfwGif 'Drdkua&pD pepfjzifh yxrqHk;a¶G;cs,f wif ajrmufcH&onfh yk*~dKvfrsm;rSm Akvd frª;}uD;cGeOuf Um OuX/U Avdk rf ;ª csKyf cGefwdaqmif 'k-OuUX/ cGefjrifhxGef; taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rª;/ Adkvfrª; cGefol&def wGJzuftaxGaxG twGif; a&;rª; 1/ cGefrsKd; wGJzuftaxGaxG

,ckv 7 &ufaeŒ rS 9 &uf ae@txdusif;ycJhonfh ytdk0f; trsKd;om;nDvmcHrS ytdk0f;trsKd; om; vGwfajrmufa&; tzGJŒcsKyf

PNLO xlaxmifa=umif; xkwfjyef wjcm;wkdif;&if;om;awGvJ tJvdk onf?

a=ujimcsufjzifh2010 pdefac:r_tm; &ifqkifd zkŒd tqifoifh jzpfaea=umif; OuUXtjzpf a¶G;cs,fwifajr‡muf cH&onfh Adkvfrª;}uD; cGefOuUmu ajymonf? “tck ytdk0f;trsKd;om;nD vmcH uae zGJŒpnf;xm;wJh ytdk0f; trsKd;om;vGwfajrmufa&;tzGJ@ csKyf[m vuf¶kH;&nf ESvHk;&nfeJŒ y;l aygif; zJŒG pnf;xm;wmjzpfygw,f? 'ga=umifh etz 2010 pdefac:r_udk ytdk0f; trsKd;om;vGwfajrmufa&; tzGJŒcsKyfu &ifqdkifzdkŒ tqifoifh jzpaef +y”D [k Akvd frª;}u;D cGeOuf Um u ajymonf[k a=ujimcsufYaz: jy xm;ygonf? 11§12§09 Y us a&mufonfh ESpfajcmufq,fjynfh ytdk0f;trsKd;om; awmfvSefa&; aeŒrwdkifrSD ytkd0f; tzGJŒtpnf; tm;vHk; pkpnf;+yD; 3 &uf=um nDvmcHusif;yum PNLO ytdk; trsKd;om;vGwfajrmufa&; tzGJŒcsKyf xlaxmifa=umif;vnf; a=ujimcJhonf? “tjcm;tzJGŒtpnf;emrnf roHk;awmhbl;/ qdkif&mvkyfief;awG awmh qufvkyfr,f? tr_aqmif opf OuUXopf a¶G;cs,fw,f? tem*wf trsKd;om;a&;twGuf pnf;¶kH;r_&cJhw,fqdkawmh 0rf;om w,fAsm” nDvmcHwufa&mufol ytkd0;f vi,l f cGefatmifcrf;u ajym ygonf? topfzGJŒpnf;vdkufonfh PNLO onf cGefwdaqmif OD;aqmif onfh PNLO ESifh trnfwlaomf vnf; tjcm;tzGJŒtpnf;rsm;pGm. trnfwkd@ yl;aygif;I rSnfhxm; jcif;jzpfonfhtavsmuf acgif; aqmifopf aumfrwDtopfjzifh jyefvnfzGJŒpnf;vdkufjcif;jzpfonf? trsKd;om; wef;wla&; &yfwnf csuf &nfrSef;csufyef;wdkifESifh

jzpapcf sifw,f? 'grS o#rf;jynfom; tcsif;csif;=um; owif;jyef=um; a&;rSma&m yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf &mrSma&m tvG,fwulvufwGJ EdkifrSm”[k ytdk0f;vli,f cGefatmif crf;u o#rf;oHawmfqifhodk@ quf ajymjyygonf? xdkif;-jrefrme,f pyfwae&mY usif;yonfh oHk;&uf =umnDvmcHrS zGJŒpnf;EkdifcJhaom PNLO ytdk0f;trsKd;om;vGwf ajrmufa&;tzGJŒ csKyfwGif SPNLO cGJxGuf cGefwdaqmif acgif;aqmif onfh PNLO tzGJ@/ Adkvfrª;}uD; cGefOuUm OD;aqmifonfh PPLO tzGJŒtjyif tjcm; tzGJŒtpnf;t rsm;tjym;yg0ifa=umif;/ nDvmcH wufa&mufol udk,fpm;vS,f 100 ausmf¶Sda=umif; od&ygonf?

ytdk0f;wkdif;&if;om;rsm;onf

u&ifjynf/ rGefjynf/ ycl;wdkif;/ rE Wav;wdkif;/ u,m;ac: u&ifeD jynfESifh o#rf;jynf awmifydkif;wdk@ wGif ysHŒESHŒaexdkif+yD; 1949 'DZifbm 11 &ufaeŒY ‘ytdk0f; vHk;bl;’ PaO

Solida i zGJ@pnf;um ya'o&mZf twGif;a&;rª; 2/ cGeftdk0f; ESifh

o#rf;apmfbGm;rsm;ukd pwif awmf vSefcJhonf? xdkae@udktpGJðyI ytdk0f; awmfvSefa&;aeŒ jzpfvmcJh

cGefatmifausmf A[dkaumfrwD0if tygt0ifaumfrwD0if 15 OD;¶Sd onf[k od&onf?Ð

tygt0ifaumfrwD0if 15 OD;¶Sd onf[k od&onf? Ð a¶G;cs,fwifajrmufcH&onfh ytdk0f;acgif;aqmifrsm;

a¶G;cs,fwifajrmufcH&onfh ytdk0f;acgif;aqmifrsm; ("gwfyHk cGefatmifcrf;)

&Gmom;rsm;udk ppfwyfrS rdkif;azmufI _cdrf;ajcmuf

cxGJG uf KIO / KIA tyk pf jkynfol@pptf jzpf w&m;0if toGiful;ajymif;cJh

=uonf? ,if;tzJ@wG Gif/ tzJ@0G if ppk k aygif; 164 OD;yg0if+yD; ,el Dazmif;0w/f vufeufuif(kd 60)OD; t&yfwyzf @0GJ if 94 OD;ESifh jrefrmppfom;(10)OD; yg 0ifa=umif; twGif;owif;t& od&onf? ,if;tcrf;tem;Y topfzGJ@ pnf;xm;aom ucsifjynfol@ppf tkyfpk0ifrsm;okd@ tpdrf;a&mif ,leD azmif;opfrsm; ay;tyfcJhonf? ,if;,leDazmif;opfwGif b,f/ nm ykckH;wzufwcsufpDY yef;yGifhrsm; wyfqifxm;+yD; “r#m;wHqdyf”. atmuf bufwGif “jynfol@ppf” [ka&;xkd;xm;onf? ,if;,leD azmif;rSm ajrmufykdif;ppfXm ecsKyfrS ppfom;rsm;. ,leDazmif;ESifh twl wjlzp+fy;D &ifbufae&mwGif “vm0g ,ef/ jynof l@ppf” [a&k ;xd;k a=umif; jynfol@ppf tkyfpk. owif;t& od&Sd&onf? ucsifjynfol@ppftzGJ@opf wGifwyfzGJ@ (2)ck&Sd+yD; wyfzGJ@wckpD wGiftzGJ@0if(30)pD&Sdygonf? ,if; jynfolppftzGJ@ ESpfzGJ@tm; w&GmESifh w&Gm tvSrf;ruGma0;vSaom aus;&Gm ESpf&Gmtajcpkdufap&ef/ tzGJ@wzGJ@tm; “vm0g,ef” aus; &GmY‚if; tjcm;wyfzGJ@tm; *GDxl aus;&GmY‚if; tajccsaprnf[k

KNG owif;Xme 29/ atmufwdkbm/ 2009/ jrefrmEkdifiHajrmufykdif;a'o ucsif;jynfe,frS ucsifvGwf ajrmufwyfrawmf. wkdufckdufa&; wyfzGJ@ESifh ucsifvGwfvwfa&;t pnft¶kH;rS cGJxGufvmaom (vmqef/ atmif0g) +idrf;csrf;a&; tzJ@oG nf/ atmufwkd bm(16)&uf ae@u/ jrefrmppfwyf. vuf atmufcH jynfolhppftjzpfokd@ w&m;0if ul;ajymif;cJha=umif; od &Sd&onf? toGif;ul;ajymif;a&; tcrf; tem;okd@ ucsifjynfe,of òrd@awmf jrpf}uD;em;. ta&S@ajrmufykdif; 20 tuGm&Sd ,if;cGJxGuftkyfpk.

(vm0g,ef)tajcpkdufpcef;Y

a'ocHpHawmfcsed feeH uf(11)em&Dcef@ usif;yðyvkyfcJh=uonf? ,if;tcrf; tem; wGif jrpf}uD;em;òrd@tajcpkduf/ ajrmufykdif;wkdif; ppfXmecsKyfrS wkdif; rª; Akdvfr_csKyfpkd;0if;rS OD;pD;usif;y cJha=umif;/ jynfol@ppfowif;t& od&Sd&onf? ppftpkd;&tzGJ@OD;ao#mifAkdvf csKyfrª;}uD; oef;a&$. rGefjrwfaom apwemEifhS vrf;!$ecsf ut&f ,if; tzGJ@.trnftm; (vm0g,efjynf olppf)[lI ajymif;vJ owfrSwfcJh

jynfol@ppfowif;t&od&Sd&onf?

Akdvfrª;}uD;vmqefatmif0gonf?

,cifu KIO axmufvSrf;a&;ESifh trsKd;om;vkHòcH;a&;Xme. t}uD; tuJjzpfI KIO eifh KIA twGif;

tm%mvGefqGJyGJjzpfyGm;+yD;aemuf/ 2004-ZEM0g&Dv(4)&uf ae@wGif vkdifZmtajcpkduf KIO ESifh KIA pcef;rS KIA ppfom;(300)ausmf

ESifh twlcGJxGufvmcJh=u onf?

2005-ckESpfukefykdif;wGif/

,cifajrmuf ykdif;wkdif;ppfXmcsKyf wkdif;rª;/ Akdvfrª;csKyf tkef;jrifhu/ *GDxlygpcef;Y/ Akdvfrª;}uD; vmqef; atmif0gtm; qkcsD;jrifhcJh+yD;/ ucsif jynfe,fta&S@ykdif;&Sd KIO ESifh KIA e,fajrteD;&Sd/ 'Drkdu&ufwpf/ ucsif wyfrawmfopf NDA-K e,f ajrtwGif; vtwef=um ckdv_HcGifh ay;xm;cJhonf// ,ckvtapmykdif;u/ jrefrm ppfwyfrS umuG,fa&;OD;pD;csKyf !$ef=um;csuft&/ NDA-K onf/ ,if;. vufeufukdifwyfzGJ@ tm; e,fjcm;apmifhwytjf zpfokd@ ajymif; vJcJhonf? ,if;e,fjcm;apmifh wyfzGJ@Y wyfzGJ@0ifOD;a& (900)&Sd+yD; ,if;Y jrefrm ppfom;OD;a& 30µ yg 0ifa=umif;/ ,if;tkyf pkrSvmaom owif;t&od&Sd&onf?Ð

u|ukJ

eonff

rsm;xHrS usyaf iG (3) ode;f tm; &Jom;rsm;u vk,uf,lae

(ckdEGrf;okefowif;) 17/ 'DZifbm/ 2009 r=umao;rDu csif;jynfe,f &Sdu|Jukefonfrsm;xHrS usyfaiG (3) odef;tm; [mcg;ESifhxm;wvefòrd@ e,f&Jom;rsm;u t"rR odrf;,lcJh =uonf? tdENd,EkdifiH/ rZkdif&rfjynfe,f wGifa&mif; cs&eftwGuf/ [m;cg; rd&rfvrf;wGif/ u|Jaumif;a& (120) ESifhtwl/ u|Jukefonf (12)OD;tm; &Jom;rsm;uzrf;qD;chJ=uonf? Ekd0ifbmv(27)&ufae@u [m;cg; òrd@ukdjzwfawmh/ wm0efusaewJh &J awGukd aiGwoed ;f cGJ ay;&w,f/ wcg xefwvefukdav;a&mufa&mh/ &JawGukdwpfodef;cGJay;&jyefw,f [k u|JukefonfwOD;rS ajym=um;chJ

onf? u|Ju ke fo nfrsm; on f ,if;vr;f c&;D wav#muwf Gif tcsdef wvcef@ =umjrifhwwf+yD;/ ppfom; rsm;/ &Jrsm;ESifh t+rJ&ifqkdif&avh &Sdonf? okd@&mwGif/ ,if;vrf; a=umif;udk olwd@k oH;k }udrf;wifkd jzwf ausmfcJhaomfvnf; ppfwyfrS olwdk@ xHrS wpkHw&m,laqmifjcif; r&Sd =uacs? usaemfwkd@ 'Dvrf;rSm ppf om;awGeJ@ okH;}udrfawG@w,f? 'g ayrJh olwdk@usaemfwkd@ukd bmrS t aESmu,f Surf ay;cJh=ubl;/ t&rf;tHh =ozkd@aumif;w,f[k xkdol;rsm;u xyfavmif;IajymqkdchJ=uonf? jrefrmppftpkd;&u yk*~vdu ydifyk pPnf;rsm;/ tdrfarG; wd&pd Bmefrsm; tm;odrf;,ljcif;ukd ppfaq;ae

aomfvnf; ppfom;eJ@ &Jom;tcsKd@

u tjypfrJhjynfolxHrS rw&m;

odrf;ykdufvk,ljcif;rsm;ukd vkyf aqmif ae=uqJjzpfonf? tvm;wlpGmyif csif;jynfe,f &Sd tjcm;òrd@e,frsm;wGifvnf; w&m;r0if aiG;a=u;rsm; &&Sda&;t wGuf awmfr*D efaoewf/ armfawmf qkdifu,fESifh pufbD; vkdifpiftwk rsm;ukd &Jrsm;u ðyvkyfay;ae=u onf? trSefrSm tqifhedrfh tpkd;& 0exf rf;rsm;rSm EkdifiH. pD;yGg;usqif; r_ '%fukd tvltvJcHcJh=u&+yD;/ ,if;wkd@. b0 &Sifoef&yfwnfEkdif a&;twGuf/ rw&m;r_rsKd;pkHY usif vnfae=u&jcif;r#om jzpfa=umif;/ csif;jynfe,f &Jrdom;wpku ajym =um;oGm;cJhon//f Ð

udk(2)§ uE Wm&0wDwdkif;rf 09/ 'DZifbm/ 2009

u&ifeDjynf vGdKifaumfòrdŒrS u&ifeDvlrsKd;aygif;pkH jynfol@vGwf ajrmufa&;wyfOD;(uvvw) xed f;csKyf&me,fajr jzpof nhf xkdif;- jrefrme,fpyf a[Gylavmif;aus;&Gm okd@ aus;&Gmukd jyefvnfxlaxmif &ef jyefvmaom c&D;onf&Gmom; rsm;udk pptpf ;dk &wyfrS ta=umif;rJh rkifd ;azmucGJf I +cdrf;ajcmucJhf on[f k +cdr;f ajcmufcH&aom &Gmom;rsm;u ajymonf? vGdKifaumfrS a[Gylavmif;odk@ ajy;qGJaom y*k ~vduc&D;onf vdkif; um;rsm;onf ppfwyfrS &HykHaiG &SmazGa&;twGuf aiGvrf;a=umif; ydwfonfhtwGuf wyf&if;rª; Adkvf

nnD rD if; OD;aqmifonfh ppfa=umif; trSwf 18 cr& 574 wyfzGJ@rS trsufa'goxGufum ,ckvdk c&D; onf vif;dk um;tm; wm;qD; ESmuf ,Sufjcif; jzpf+yD; ygvmaom c&D; onf&moG m;rsm;ukyd g rdkif;azmufI +cdrf;ajcmufjcif; jzpfonf[k +cdrf; ajcufcH&aom &Gmom;wOD;u ajymonf? if;u “olwkd@ rdif;k azmufcGJ+yD; cifAsm;wkd@ toufygoGm;r,f? cifAsm;wkd@ukd tckcsufcsif; zrf;vkd@ &w,f” [k tjzpftysufukd jyef vnfajymjyygonf? Ttcif;ESifh ywfouf+yD; a[Gylavmif;rS aus;&Gmwm0ef&dSol wOD;ESifh typf&yftzGJ@ wOD;rS ajy vnf&m ajyvnfa=umif; vm a&mu faj z &Sif;ay ;& mw Gif

AdkvfnDnDrif;onf tzGJ@tpnf; vnf; em;rvnfa=umif;/ vuf eufrsm;yg ord ;f qnf;om;G rnfq+dkyD; +cdrf;ajcmuf ajymqdkcJha=umif; qdkonf? c&D;onf&Gmom;wOD;u “olwkd@ um;ajy;qGJay;yg qkd+yD; awmif;wJhykHpHu trdef@qkdwm trdef@yJ? tzJG@tpnf;vnf; em;r vnfbl;aygh? tc ta=u;vnf; ray;bl;av”[k ajymonf? uv vwrS +yD;coJh nhf E0dk ifbmv 8 &uf ae@u jrerf mppftpdk;&. zdtm;ay; r_a=umifh e,fjcm;apmifh wyftjzpf odk@ ajymif;vJvdkuf+yD;aemuf ppfwyfrS ,ckvdk e,fjcm;apmifhwyf rsm; xdef;csKyfonfhe,fajrwGif c&D;onf &Gmom;rsm;tm; +cdrf; ajcmufr_rsm; &dSvmcJhonf?Ð

&Gmom;rsm; pyg;pdufk

ysK;&ed

f tred f@csrSwf

ckdEGrfokef-owif; 14/ 12/ 2009 ppfukdi;fwkdif;twGif; aEG&moD umvwGif qefpyg;aps;Ekef;ukd xdef;csKyfEkdif&eftwGuf uav;òrd@ e,f(r,u)OuUXrS v,form; rsm;tm; aEGpyg;pkdufysKd;=u&ef !$ef =um;xm;onf?“uav;òrd@ (r, u) OuUXu/ ukefaps;E_ef;rwuf& atmifvkd@/ aEG&moDtwGif; a&&&Sd EkdifwJhae&muv,form;awGukd aEGoD;ESHrsm; xGef,ufpkduf ysKd;=uzkd@ trdef@csrSwfcJhw,f’’[k v,f orm;wOD;u ajym=um;cJhonf? okd@&mwGif v,form;rsm;rSm aEGpyg;rsm;tpm; aqmif;oD;ESHrsm; pkdufysKd;vkd=uonf? “rkwfokefpyg; pukd f+yD;vkd@/ aqmif;oD;EHawGS pkdufysKd;

zkd@ jyifqifaecsdefusrS/ olwkd@u aEGpyg;pkdufzkd@ trdef@ay;vkdufjyef +yD’’[k a'ocHwOD;rSajymcJhonf? uav;òrd@uv,form;rsm;rSm a*:yD/ yJawmif;/ =uufoGefeD/ =uuof eG jfzLae=umEifS h tjcm; [if; o;D / [if;&Gufrsm; pukd yf sKd;cJh=u aomf vnf; ,cktcgtm%mykdifrsm;. trdef@t&/ aEGpyg;rsm;ukd pkdufysKd; ae=u&onf? “ppfwyftrdef@a=umifh us aemf&Jh pkdufysKd;+yD;wJh =uufoGefeD 5 {uukdzsufqD;vkduf&+yD;/ wcg aEG pyg;pkdufzkd@ xGef,uf&jyefw,f/ 'ga=umifh+yD;cJhwJhESpfu usyfwpf odef;eDyg; avmufqkH;&_H;oGm; cJh& w,f/ wjcm;v,form;awGvJ

usaemhvkdyJ/ tvm;wljy\rsKd;eJ@ &ifqkdifcJh=u&w,f” [k uav;òrd@ e,f/ csDcsKdifaus;&GmrS v,form; wOD;uajymcJhonf? tm%mykdifwkd@u qefaps;Ekef; xdef;csKyfxm;a&;twGuf aEGpyg; pkdufysKd;&ef trdef@csrScJhaomfvnf; ,if;wkd@u ppfwyfrdom;pktwGuf qefpyg;ukdtedrfhqkH; aps;ay;Iukd 0,f,lcJh=uonf? uav;òrd@e,ft wGif; qefpyg;pkdufysKd;&ef oifhawmf aom ajr{uaygif; 50000cef@&Sd onf? tvm;wlpGmyif wrl;òrd@e,f rS v,form;rsm;ukdvnf; vmrnfh aEG&moDwGif aEGpyg;pkdufysKd;=u&ef !$ef=um;xm;a=umif; od&Sd& onf?Ð

j ynfaxmifpkowif;pmudk ZGefv? 2009 ckESpfrS pwifxkwfa0onf/

pmrsufESm? 10 ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/   &JESifh oif. tajcctH cGihta&f

pmrsufESm?

10

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/

 

&JESifh oif. tajcctH

cGihta&f

;rsm;

rav;&Sm;Eifkd iH a&@aS ersm;aumifpD (Ba Co ncil) rS Redbook trnjfzifh xkwfa0aom vufurf;pmapmifonf &Jzrf;qD;cH&v#ifrnfuJhokd@ vkyfaqmif&rnfudk a&;om;xm;aom+yD; w¶kwf? wrJvf bmomrsm;jzifh bmomjyef xkwfa0+y;D jzpfonf? ,ckrav;&m;S a&muf jrefrmEdifk iHom;rsm; oapd Edik f&eftwuG f &ckdif'rD duk a&pDtzG@JcsKyf(ALD)rav;&Sm;XmecJGrS bmom jyefxm;onfrsm;ukd az: jyvkdufygonf? 1? oifhtm; &JrS [ef@wm;cJhv#if - 1-1? “ cifAsm;&JŒ &Jtm%mykdifu'fukd wqdwfavmufjyyg” [kajymyg? 1-2? “ &J tm%mykdifu'f” teDa&mifu'f - &mxl;cscHxm;&aom &Jt&m&Sdjzpfonf? oifhtm; wpHwk &m ðyvkyfEkdifaom tcGifhtm%m r&Sdojzifh ol@xHrS xGucGmvf mcJhyg? tjcm;u'frsm; tjyma&mifu'f - ppfaq;a&;t&m&SdESifh txuftqifhjzpfonf? t0ga&mifu'f - ppfaq;a&;t&m&Sd. atmuftqifhjzpfonf? tjzLa&mifu'f - t&H&J &Jom;. trnfESifh &Jtm%mykdifu'feHygwfrsm;ukd rSwfom;xm;yg? 1-3? &J0wfpkHjzifh jzpfygu ol. trnfESifh ol@tuFsDay:rS ukd,fykdifeHygwfrsm;ukd rSwfom;xm;yg? 1-4? &Jum;jzifh jzpfygu ywwf a&mif um;eyH gw/f armfawmfqifukd ,feHygwfrsm;udk rwS fom;xm;yg? 2? oifhtm;&JrS [ef@wm;I ppfaq;ar;jref;cJ@v#if - 2-1? oif. ppfaq;a&;u'f (tkdif'Du'f) oif. trnf/ u'feHygwfESifh vdyfpmr#omay;yg? 2-2? &JrS tjcm;ppfaq;r_rsm; ðyvkyfvmcJhv#if “u|efawmfukd zrf; vkduf+yDvm;”[k ,Of,Ofaus;aus;ar;yg? 2-3? &Jzrf;qD;jcif;

&Ju oifhtm; “at;/ [kwfw,f”[kajymv#if oiftzrf;cH&+yD;jzpf ojzifh?

Õ

Õ

jyifqifjcif;rsm; ðyvkyfEkdifonf?

oifhxGufqkdcsuf/ aemufqkH;pma}umif;. atmufbufY oifhvuf rSwfukd jrefjrefqefqef a&;xkd;vkdufyg? 4? oifhtm; &Jzrf;+yDqkdv#if - 4-1? “bma=umifh u|efawmfhukd zrf;&wmvJ” [k ar;yg?

Õ

xufav#mhenf;aom &reftrdef@ukd xkwfjyef&Ef w&m;ol}uD;wGif

Õ aexkdifraumif;ojzifh (okd@wnf;r[kwf) t¶kdufcH&ojzifh?

Õ aq;ukor_ cH,lvkdv#if jzpfap?

xdrf;odrf;cHae&pOf &JrS +cdrf;ajcmufjcif; (okd@r[kwf) ¶kdufESufjcif; cHcJh& v#ifjzpfap?

Õ

zrf;&onfhta=umif;ukd rajymEkdifv#if/ ,if;zrf;qD;jcif;onf w&m; enf;vrf;rusojzifh Oya'ESifh rnD!Gwfyg? 4-2? ,if;okd@ zrf;qD;jcif;ukd qef@usifr_ rðyygESifh?

tu,fI qef@usifcJhv#if/ &Jtaejzifh oifhtm;zrf;qD;&eftwGuf vkHavmufaom tiftm;ukd tokH;ðycGifh&Sdonf? 4-3? “u|efawmfukd b,f&Jpcef;okd@ykd@rSmvJ” [kar;yg? Õ zrf;q;D aom &t&J m&SDonf oifhtm; teD;q;kH &Jpce;f o@kd csufcsif;y@akd qmif &rnf? tjcm;ae&mokd@ ac:aqmifoGm;cGifhr&Sdyg? 4-4? tzrf;cH&v#if vkyfaqmif&rnfht&mrsm;- 1? oif.aqGrsKd;/ oli,fcsif;ESifh a&S@aewOD;OD;okd@ oifhaejzifh zkef;quf cGifh&Sdonf? eD;pyf&m “w&m;a&;tultnDXme” (LAC) okd@vnf; zkef;qufEkdif onf?

Õ oiftzrf;cH&a}umif;?

Õ

Õ

Õ

oifhtaejzifh w&m;a&;qkdif&m ukd,fpm;vS,f &,lvkda=umif;/

a&SŒae/ LAC ESifh oif. rdom;pkrsm;ESifh qufoG,fvkda=umif; w&m; ol}uD;ukd ajymjyyg? 6-5? w&m;ol}uD;xHrS &ufwkd&ref awmif;cHyg-

w&m;ol}uD; &reftrdef@rcsrSwfrD/ “tr_ppfaepOftwGif; usaemf &JawG ESifhyl;aygif;aqmif&Guyf ghr,f?” “ usaemfxGufrajy;ygbl;/ usaemhfukd tcsdef ra&G;awG@vkd@&ygw,f”[k w&m;ol}uD;tm;wifjyI &Jawmif;cHonhf &ref &ufxufenf;atmif wifjyawmif;qkdyg? 7? rzrf;qD;yJ cE<mukd,fY &SmazGjcif;- 7-1? &JrS ,if;okd@ &SmazGcsdefwGif/ 'pPukd/ um&mtkdau/ azsmfajza&;uvyf rsm;okd@ ypPnf;wpkHw&m (Oyrm-rl;,pfaq;0g;) &SmazG&ef &Jrsm;pD;eif;0if a&mufpOf/ ,if;ae&mY oifa&muf&Sdaeygu/ (okd@wnf;r[kwf) oifhxHY 0uS xf m;aom ypnP ;f wckck&oSd n[f k &Jrsm;u xifjrif,lqcJ@v#if/ oifhtm; zrf;qD;I &SmazGEdik fygonf? ,if;o@kd &SmazGjcif;rsKd;ukd ppfaq;a&; &Jt&m&SdESifh txuftqifh&Sdolrsm; a&SŒarSmufYom ðyvkyfEkdifcGifh&Sdonf? 7-2? xkdtcsdefwGif rnfokd@ ðyvkyf&rnfenf;- Õoifht0wftpm; (okd@r[kwf) tdwfrsm;twGif;okd@ &Jt&m&Sd. vufukd E_dufcGifh rðyygESifh?

Õ

Õ

Õ tcsdef/ ae&mESifh tzrf;cH&onfh ta}umif;t&if;?

oifhtm; ac:aqmifoGm;rnfh &Jpcef;wkd@ukd olwkd@tm; odatmif ta=umif;=um;cJhyg? 4-5? tzrf;cH&+yD;aemuf rnfokd@ jzpfysufEkdifoenf;?

Õ

Õ &J. pkHprf;ar;jref;jcif;ukd taxmuftuljzpfap&eftwGuf?

Õ &Jpcef; (okd@r[kwf) tcsKyfcef;wckckwGif?

oifhtm; (24) em&Dtxd xdrf;odrf;xm;Ekdifonf? 5? tzrf;cH&+yD; xdrf;odrf;xm;pOf oif.tcGifhta&; - 5-1? a&SŒaewOD;OD;ESifh wkdifyifaqG;aEG;cGifh&Sdonf? a&SŒaewOD;&vkda=umif;awmif;cHygu/ &Jpcef;wGif a&SŒaewOD;ESifh wdik fyif ED;S aEmcGS ifh&dyS gonf? oifhtm; a&S@aeEifS h awŒqG kHI wkdifyif aqG;aEG;&ef twGuf oifhawmfaom tcsdefESifh vkdtyfcsufrsm;ukd &Jrsm;u pDpOfay;& rnf? okd@jzpfapumrl oifhtm; pkHprf;ppfaq;&mwGif aESmifhaES;ojzifh &mZ 0wfr_rsm; xyfrHjzpfyGm;Ekdifonf? (okd@wnf;r[kwf) tjcm;olrsm;tm; tEœ&m,fjzpfapEkdifrnfqkdygu/ &Jtaejzifh oif.&ykdifcGifhukd jiif;y,f Ekdifonf? 5-2? t0wftxnf-

Õ

oifhtm; tcsKyfcef;xJokd@ t0wfwpkH ,laqmifcGifhðyonf? 5-3? ukd,fykdiftokH;taqmif-

Õ

oifh ypPnf;rsm;ukd xkwfckdif;ygu/ ypPnf;wckpDukd xkwfwkdif; xkwfwkdif; “ykdufqHtdwf” “aomh” “tkdif'Du'f”[k atmf+yD;rSxkwfyg?

oifhtuFsDtdwf/ vG,ftdwfrsm;Y ypPnf;rsm;ukefoGm;cJ@ygu tdwfukd arSmufcsvkdufyg? 7-3? oif. &ykdifcGifhrsm;-

Õ

Õ

cE<mukd,fY &SmazGjcif;/ tr_tm;vkH;ukd vkyfief;u|rf;usifolyDyD/ ,Of aus;odrfarG@pGm aqmif&Guf&rnf?

Õ

oifhtm; xGufcGm;oGm;&ef cGifhrðyawmhyJ/ &Jpcef;okd@ ac:,lvykd gu ac:,l &ef/

Õ oihftm; vufxdwfcwfvdrfhrnf?

Õ oifhtm; rzrf;ygu/ ,if;ae&mrS xGufcGm;oGm;Ekdifonf?

&Jpcef; (odk@r[kwf) tjcm;ae&m wpfckckodk@ vkdufcJh&ef ajymvmygu r vkduf&ef jiif;qefEkdifonf? 2-4? oifhtm; &Jzrf;I r&Ekdifyg?

oihfxHrS “xGuqf kdcsuf” (oufaocH/ xGufqkdcsu-f 112)ESifh ckdifvHaomk oufaor&Sdygu oifhtm; &Jzrf;qD;I r&Ekdifyg? 3? rzrf;qD;yJ &JrS ppfaq;ar;jref;jcif; - 3-1? xGufqkdcsuf-112

Õ

Õ

trsKd;orD;wpfOD;. cE<mukd,Yf &mazGS jci;f ukd trsKd;orD;&J t&m&Sd uom aqmif&GuEf kdifonf?

Õ

t"rRwkH;vkH; c|wfckdif;v#if (okd@wnf;r[kwf) wkH;vkH;c|wfI &SmazG&ef +cdrf;ajcmufcH&v#if? 1² qef@usif uef@uGufyg? 2² &Jt&m&Sd. trnfESifh &JeHygwfrsm;ukd rSwfom;xm;yg? 3² tjzpftysuf+yD;qkH;aomtcg &Jpcef;wGif owif;ykd@yg? 8? zrf;qD;pOf cE<mukd,fY &SmazGjcif; - 8-1? &JrS ,if;okd@&SmazGpOf/ jypfrq_ kdif&m ooH ,&djScif;ESifh ywfoufI oifhY oufaoxif&Sm;a}umif; &JrS tusKd;ta}umif; qDav#mfpGm oHo, &Sdae cJ@v#if (okd@r[kwf)

Õ oiftzrf;cH&v#if?

Õ &JrS ,if;okd@ &SmazGEkdifonf?

Õ

vkHòcHa&;t& xdrf;odrf;xm;pOf oif. ukd,fykdiftokH;taqmif/ ypPnf;tm;vkH;ukd &JrS pm&if;ðypkI xdrf;odrf;xm;&rnf?

Õ

tr_ESifh ywfoufI oifhxHrS odp&m tcsuftvufrsm; &,l&ef/ &JrS tr_ukd pkHprf;ppfaq;onfhtcg

oifhtm; ppfaq;ar;jref;I oif. ajzqkdcsufrsm; (xGufqkdcsuf-112) ukd&JrS rSwfom;xm;vdrfhrnf? 3-2? tvGwfoabm§ w&m;0if yef}um;csuf? oifhtm; xGufqkdcsuf-112 ay;&ef &JrS rsm;aomtm;jzifh tvGwf oabmawmif;qkdavh&Sdonf? oifhtaejzifh tcsdefEifhS ae&m tcuftcJr&Sdv#if &JESifhy;l aygif; aqmif &Gufyg? (okd@wnf;r[kwf) tqifajyrnfhae&mESifh tcsdefumv wpfckwGif/ ,if;tm; ðyvkyfay;rnfhta}umif; &Jtm;ajymjyyg? &JESifh yl;aygif; aqmif&Guf&ef jiif;qefcJhv#if oifhtm; yl;aygif;aqmif &Gufap&eftwGuf pkHprf;ppfaq;a&;&Jt&m&Sd vufrSwfa&;xkd;xm;aom w&m;0if trdef@pmwapmifukd &JrS xkwfjyefay;vdrfhrnf? 3-3? xGufqkdcsuf (112) tm;ay;ykd@jcif;? oihfY oif. tazmftjzifESifh vkdufyg&ef a&S@aewpfOD;tm; ac:,lcGifh &Sdonf? Tokd@jzifh ol@xHrSmt}uHOm%f &,lEkdifonf? xGufqcskd uf (112) udak y;&mwifG / oifhtm; &mZ0wfr_ usL;vGefjcif;udk ay:vGifxif&Sm;aprnfh ar;jref;csufrsm;ukd jiif;qkdI aomfvnf;aumif;/ cGef;wkH@rjyefyJaomfvnf;aumif; aeEkdifonf?

Õ

Õ

ukd,fykdifrSwfpk/ (okd@r[kwf) pma&;puULrsm;ukd oifESifh wygwnf;,l aqmifvmyg?

Õ

oifhtm; jyefv$wfonfhtcg ,if;ypPnf;tm;vkH;ukd jyefay;&rnf? 5-4? cHpm;cGifh-

Õ

Õ

oifhtm; wae@v#if ESpf}udrf a&csKd;cGifhðyonf?

aexkdifraumif;ygu csufcsif; aq;ukocGifh&Sdonf? Õ oifhtm; xdef;ord ;f xm;pOf aumif;rGefI vkHavmuaof m tpm;tpmESifh aomufa&wkd@ukd ay;&rnf? 5-5? &JrS oifhtm; rnfr#=um=um xdef;odrf;xm;Ekdifoenf;-

Õ

cE<mukd,fY &SmazGjcif; tr_ukdowfrSwfxm;aom ae&mYom aqmif&Guf&rnf? 8-2? cE<mukd,fY &SmazGjcif; trsKd;tpm;rsm;- cE<mukd,fY &SmazGjcif; (4) rsKd;ukdom &Jrsm; aqmif&Guf&ef Oya'u cGifhðyxm;onf? 1² vufjzifh nifnifomom ukdifI &SmazGjcif; ( tjyiftuFsD t0wf tpm;rsm;Yom &SmazG&ef) 2² t0wftpm;c|wfI &SmazGjcif;/ (0Sufxm;aom oufaocHypPnf;rsm;/ arSmifcykd pnP ;f rsm;/ vuef ufrsm;ukd &Smaz&G e)f xdok dk@&maS zGjcif;tm; ppfaq; a&; &Jt&m&SdESifh txuftqifh&Sdolrsm;. trdef@tm%m t&om aqmif&GuEf dkifonf? 3² ukd,fwGif;Y &SmazGjcif;/ (yg;pyf/ ESmacgif; ESifhrsufaphrsm;wGif &SmazG&ef) ,if;tr_ukd vufaxmuf}uD;}uyfa&;rª;ESifh txuftqifh &Sdolrsm;. trdef@tm%mjzifhom aqmif&GufcGifh&Sdonf? 4² cE<mukd,ftwGif;okd@ xkd;azmuf &SmazGjcif;/ (cE<mukd,ftwGif; ypPnf; &Sda}umif; twnfðy qkH;jzwf&ef)? Ttrr_ sKd;ukd c&kdif&Jr;ª }uD; (OCPD) od@kr[wk /f tpd;k & aq;buqf ifkd &m t&m&Sd (okd@r[kwf) aq;t&m&Sd wpfOD;OD;. trdef@tm%mjzifhom aqmif&uG fEkdifcGifh&Sdonf? 8-3? oif. &ykdifcGifhrsm;-

Õ

pkHprf;ar;jref;&eftwGuf &JrS oifhtm; (24) em&Dtxdom xdef;odrf; xm;Edifyk gon?f &J.wm0efrSm (24) em&DtwGif; t+yD;owf ppfaq;&eEf Sifh +yD;ygu wwfEkdifor# tjrefqkH;jyefv$wf&efjzpfonf? tu,fI (24) em&twD Gif; ppfaq;I r+yD;ygu/ (24) em&D xufausmfvGeIf xde;f odrf;cGifh (&reftrdef@) &,l&eftwGuf &JrS oifhtm; w&m;ol}uD;xHokd@ ac:aqmif ,l&rnf? 6? (24) em&DausmfvGef+yD;aemuf w&m;ol}uD;. &reftrdef@ - 6-1? w&m;ol}uD;[lonf rnfolenf;-

Õ

w&m;ol}uD;qkdonfrSm w&m;pD&ifol t&m&SdwpfOD;jzpfonf? ,if;w &m;ol}uD;wifG (24) em&Dtxufausmvf GefI xdef;ord f;xm;&ef &reftred f@ ukd xkwfjyefEkdifaom trdef@tm%m&Sdygonf? 6-2? &reftrdef@. &nf&G,fcsuf-

jypfr_ wpkHw&mtwGuf oifhtm; w&m;pGJqkdEkdif&ef ckdifvkHaom tod oufao&/Sd r&dS qH;k jzwf&etwf Guf &JrS ppfaq; ar;jre;f csufrsm; &,&l mwifG yrkd kdtcsdeay;f Edif&k efjzpof nf? &Jtaejzifh oifhxHrS xGufqkdcsuf &,l&efr#jzifh &reftrdef@ awmif;cHEkdifcGifh r&Sdyg? 6-3? &reftrdef@onf rnfr#&Snf=umEkdifoenf;- Õ &reftrdef@twGuf w&m;ol}uD;a&SŒarSmufokd@ ac:aqmif,lpOf/ &JrS oifh tm;(24)em&Dtxuf ausmfvGefI xdef;odrf;&efvkdtyfa=umif; w&m;ol }uD;xHY wifjy&rnf?

Õ

Õ

w&m;ol}uD;. wm0efrSm &JrS wifjyvmaom ta=umif;t&mukd ao aocsmcsm pDppfokH;oyf&efjzpfonf? Õ &rJ S awmif;cHaom &uxf ufenf;I &reftrde@f xkwfjyef&ef (okd@ r[wk f) &reftrdef@rxkwfjyefyJ oifhtm; v$wfay;&eftwGuf w&m;ol}uD;tae jzifh tppt&m&m qifjcifowd&Sd&rnf?

Õ

Õ

oif. ud,k fyifrkd SwfpkwifG ar;jre;f cJ@onfh ar;cGe;f wkdif;ukd a&;rwS fxm;yg?

oif. ud,k yf dik frSwpf wk ifG oif.ajzqcskd urf sm;ukd ra&;om;rD tcsdef,lI aoaocsmcsmpOf;pm;yg?

Õ

Õ

oifhtm; ppfaq;aom&Jt&m&Sdtm; oif. ajzqkdcsufukd zwfjyyg?

oif. ukd,fykdifrSwfpkukd tem*wftwGuf taxmuftuljzpfap&ef odrf;qnf;xm;yg? 3-4? oif. xGufqkdcsuf (112) wGif vufrSwfa&;xkd;jcif;?

Õ

oif. xGufqdcsk ufY vufrSwrf a&;x;kd r/D &Jt&m&rSd S a&;om;xm; aom ar;jref;csufrsm;ESifh xGufqkdcsufrsm;ukd aoaocsmcsmzwf}unfhyg?

Õ

oif. cE<mukd,fY &SmazGjcif;trsKd;rsKd;ukd u|rf;usifolyDyD ,Ofaus;odrf arG@pGm aqmif&Guf&rnf?

Õ

trsKd;orD;. cE<mukd,fY &SmazGjcif;rsKd;ukd trsKd;orD;&Jt&m&Sduom aqmif&GuEf kdifonf? 9? zrf;qD;+yD;aemuf &JrS ppfaq;jcif;-

Õ

Õ

oifhtm; vufrSwfa&;xkd;ckdif;aom xGufqkdcsufESifh oif. rSwfpkwkd@ukd

wkdufqkdifppfaq;yg? Õ vufrwS rf a&;xd;k rD oitfh aejzifh oif.xGufqdck sufrsm;ukd ajymif;vjJcif;/

Õ

oifhtm;ppfaq;aom &Jt&m&Sd. ykHyef;o¾ef azmfjycsuf?

Õ

ppfaq;aeaom jypfr_tay: rlwnfI (4)&uf (okd@r[kwf) (7)&uf

pmrsufESm ( 11 ) aumfvH ( 1 ) odk@

.

j ynfaxmifpkowif;pmudk ZGefv? 2009 ckESpfrS pwifxkwfa0onf/

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/ pmrsufESm? 11 12/ Edk0ifbm/ 2009 ,aeŒ*syefEdkifiHrSm

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/

pmrsufESm?

11

12/ Edk0ifbm/ 2009 ,aeŒ*syefEdkifiHrSm "gwfpmazsmf&nfwpfrsKd; acwfpm;aeygonf? vtrl sm; pwd 0f ifpm;vmatmif
12/ Edk0ifbm/ 2009
,aeŒ*syefEdkifiHrSm "gwfpmazsmf&nfwpfrsKd; acwfpm;aeygonf?
vtrl sm; pwd 0f ifpm;vmatmif pwifazmfxkwf aqmf=ocJholuawmh *syef
Ak'<bmom bkef;awmf}uD;t&Sif wdkrDZm0 jzpfygw,f? xifay:ausmf=um;
vmwJh "gwfpmazsmf&nfuawmh tmvl;pdrf; azsmf&nfyJjzpfygw,f?
*syefEdkifiHrSm tmvl;pdrf;azsmf&nfa=umihf a&m*goufomaysmuf
uif;oGm;&wJh vlemawG/ vlem&SifawGqDu aus;Zl;wifa=umif;
yvlysHovdka&mufvmwJhpmawG t&SifwdkrDZm0 vufcH&&SdcJhygw,f?
q&mawmfu “'DESpfxJrSm uifqmtrsm;tjym;[m tmvl;pdrf;
"gwfpmudk rSD0JcJh=u+yD; yrm% awmfawmfrsm;rsm;[m ododomom
oufomoGm;+yD; aorif;E_wfcrf;0u jyefvmEdkifcJh=uygw,f?” toHk;ðy
yHkuawmh tmvl;tpdrf; vwfvwfqwfqwfudk a&pifatmifaq;+yD;
xkaxmif;ygr,f? +yD;rS ydwfpdrf;yg;eJ@xkyf+yD; t&nf&atmifn‡pf,lygr,f?
tJ'Dt&nf zefcGufwpfcGufrS ESpfcGuf ae@pOfrSD0JoGm;r,fqdk&if tonf;
a&m*g/ q;D csKa&m*d g/ tpmtdrfa&m*g/ ausmufuyfa&m*g/ ESvHk;a&m*g/ aoG;
wdk;a&m*g cg;em/ ykcHk;em/ usD;aygif;ema&m*gawG aysmufuif;apw,f
v@qddk yk gw,f? aysmufuif;a=umif; te,fe,f t&yf&yuf axmufcHpmrsm;
&&Sdxm;w,fvdkŒqdkygw,f? om"uwpfcktaeeJŒuawmh ²²²²²²
rpPwmwD qdkolonf em;&uG fatmufem;rSm tzkwpfzk ay:vmwmeJŒ
aq;¶Hkuodk Gm;+yD; uifqmusdwf jzpfae+yD; cJGpdwfuko+yD; "gwfuifcJhygw,f?
odkŒaomfvJ uifqmuvyfpnf;awGu tqkwfxdatmif ysHESHoGm;ygw,f?
oufqif&dk m q&m0ef}u;D rsm;u uifqm uvypf nf;awG ysHEŒuSH kefvk@d uko
vdk@ r&Edkifawmhbl;vdk@ qdkygw,f? tJ'Daemuf ol[m tmvl;pdrf;"gwfpm
ta=umif; =um;od&wJhtwGuf t¶H_;r&Sdbl;qdk+yD; aomuf=unhfw,f? t
!$ef;twkdif; aeŒpOf&ufquf ZJGaumif;aumif;eJ@ aomufcJhygw,f? tck
qk&d if uifqmuvypf n;f awG av#mhusom;G +yD; xde;f csKyxf m;Eifdk wtwJh uG f
usef;rma&;eJ@ cGeftm; jyefaumif;vmygw,f? rlv tvkyftudkifvnf;
jyef+yD;vkyfudkifEdkifyg+yD?
okawoD wdkrDZo-u olŒ&JŒuifqma&m*g a=umufp&mrvdk/ usef;
rmapa=umif; enf;vrf;aumif; (The a o heal h life , Cance no o be
fea ed) qdkwJh pmtkyfxJrSm uifqma&m*g cJGpdwfukocJhonhfwdkifatmif
uiqf
ma&m*gtwGuf
aq;wpcf ufG
vlem&JŒta=umufw&m;a=umihf uifqmuvyfpnf;awG ysHESHŒukef&yg
w,f? ol[m uifqmaq; tqufrjywfrSD0J&+yD; "gwfuif+yD;oGm;+yD qdk
wJhowif; r=um;&oavmufygyJ? 'ghtjyif jyif;xefwJh ukxHk;awG&Jh ab;
xGufqkd;usKd;awG&Jh tusKd;qufudk vlemu cHpm;&ygao;w,f? tusLd;
qutaeef J@ vlem[m cHwGif;ysufjcif;/ tm;tifcsnfheJ@vmjci;f wdk@ jzpfvm
&ygw,f? tmvl;prd ;f "gwfpmudk aomufjcif;tm;jzihf ab;xGufqd;k usKd;awG
rcHpm;&yJ vlem[m wpfae@wpfjcm; tm;tifjynhfòzd;vmwm awGŒ&yg
w,f? tmvl;yif[m yifudk,fu tm[m&jynhf0aewJh tpmwpfckjzpfwJh
twGuf tusKd;r,kwfygbl;? ol@udk rSefrSefrSD0Jjcif;tm;jzihf uifqmuvyf
pnf;awGudk [ef@xm;apygw,f/vdk@azmfjyxmm;ygw,f? tmvl;pdrf;
"gwfpm[m udk,fwdkif vG,fvG,fulul azmfpyfEdkif+yD; csufcsif;vufiif;
aomufoHk;Edkifygw,f? +yD;awmh tJ'Dtcsed fwdk@ twGif;rSm olŒ&Jhtmedoifudk
awGŒxdcHpm;Edkifygw,f? "gwfpm wpfygwf ESpfygwfavmuf aomuf+yD;wm
eJ@ emusif udkufcJr_a0' emawG wpfpwpfp av#mhyg;oGm;ygw,f? cHwGif;
jyef+yD;aumif;vmr,f? tom;ta& jyef+yD;aumif;vmr,f?
tmvl;pdrf; "gwfpmudk txl;ojzihf axmufcHwJh aemufwpfOD;u
awmh a'gufwm uifEdk dk&Sdw jzpfygw,f? olŒtqkdawuG tmvl;udk Oa&my
wdkufom;awGu wpfcsdefwkef;u r[myx0Dajr}uD;&Jh yef;oD; (A le of
wuUodkvfaq;okawoe Xmeu ygarmuQ um*grd-u ajym=um;&mrSm
uifqmuvyfpnf;udkxdef;csKyfapwhJ "gwfudk &SmazGazmfxkwf EdkifcJhygw,f?
tJ'Daq;eJ@ºuGufuav;awG tay:rSm prf;oyf=unhfwhtcgJ tvm;tvm
aumif;rGea=uf mif; awGŒ&ygw,f? ol[m o@&l J@awGŒ&csSd uuf dk pmwrf;ðypk+yD;
rESpfu *smreDEdkifiHrSm usif;ycJhwJh tjynfjynfqdkif&m uifqmnDvmcH
(In e na ional Cance Socie Confe ence ) rSm zwf=um;wifoGif;cJhygw,f?
aemufqufwJGtaeeJΠtmvl;pdrf;"gwfpm azsmf&nfvkyfenf;[m
tvGefyJvG,fulygw,f? t&G,fwl tmvl; (3)vHk;udk,l+yD; a&pifatmif
aq;yg/ tcGHrE$m&yg? tpdk@aygufav;rsm;&Sd&if z,f&Sm;ay;yg? +yD;v#if
tmvl;udk ocGm;jcpfjzihf tpav;rsm;jzpfatmif jcpfay;yg? +yD;u tJ'D tp
av;rsm;udk oef@&Sif;aom ydwfpdrf;yg;pjzihfxkyf+yD; (tkef;EdkŒnSpfouJhodkŒ)
t&nfn‡pf,lyg/ tJ'Dt&nfudkcGufxJrSm xnhf+yD; t&omaumif;atmif
ysm;&nfeJeJa&mpyf+yD;aomufyg? tJ'Dtmvl;t&nfudk eHeufwdkif;
wpfcGufE_ef;jzihf aomufay;Edkifygw,f?
jzef@a0ol. trSmpum;
,aeŒumvacwfwGif uifqma&m*gonf tvGeftjzpfrsm;I
aiGukefa=u;usrsm;aom a&m*gjzpfygonf? uifqma&m*g aysmufuif;
apEkdifaom wdkif;&if;aq;/ EdkifiHjcm;jzpfaq;t ajrmuftrsm; ay:xGuf
v#uf&Sdygonf? Ak'<bmomtvdk& cE<m&SdI a0'em&Sdjzif;jzpfygonf?
rdrdðyaom ukodkvf/ tukodkvf tpkpkwdk@onf oHo&mjyefI wpfzef
vnfjcif;jzpfygonf? xdk@a=umihf pdwf"gwfrusbJ/ tm;ri,fbJ rdrdwdkŒ.
a&m*g a0'emrsm;udk pdwf"gwf=uHŒcdkifpGm/ enf;vrf;aygif;pHkjzihf uko&rnf
jzpfygonf?
rdrd. ukodkvfuHw&m;tusKd;ay;aomf rdrdESihfudkufnDaom
aq;0g;rsm;/ q&morm;rsm; (temESihfaq;wnhfaomf) awG@um a&m*g
he g ea ea h) vkŒad c:cJha=umif; od&ygw,?f tmvl;rSm tm[m&"gwawGf tjrpfjywfum (vHk;0)t&Sif; aysmufuif;csrf;omEdkifygonf? odkŒjzpf&m
pHkpHkvifvifyg&Sd+yD; txl;ojzihf AdkufwmrifpD"gwfeJ@xHk;"gwfwdk@ trsm;qHk;
yg0ifygw,?f a&S;a[mif; *smrefaq;usr;f awGrSm tmvl;pdr;f "gwpf m&nfudk
tpmtdrf temaygufjcif;/ 0rf;csKyfjcif;awG twGufay;&a=umif; azmfjy
xm;ygw,f?
uifqmuvypf nf;awGudk xdef;csKyEf ifjkd cif;ESihf ygwof uf+yD; tmudw
txufwGufazmfjycJhaom tmv;l pdrf;azsmf&nfonf uek fusp&dwfenf;yg;
onhf tjyif ðyvkyf&efenf;vrf;onf tvGef¶dk;&Sif;ygonf? vlom;wdk@
pm;oHk;aom obm0"gwfpmjzpfonhftwGufa=umihf ab;xGufqdk;usKd;
r&Sdyg? xdkŒa=umihf a&m*ga0'em&Sif rsm;vufawG@toHk;csEdkif&ef tusKd;iSm
Taq;enf;tm; wqihf jyefvnfa0iSay;jcif; jzpfygonf?Ð

. &J ESifh oif. tajccHtcGifhta&;rsm; rS æ

. rsufESmzHk; UNHCR ESifh UNICEF wkd@rS &Sif;vif;ajym=um; rS æ

onf? vlxkusef;rma&; aqmif&Gufr_ ESifh ywfoufvmv#if rav;&Sm;EkdifiH&Sd cav;oli,frsm;. apmifha&Smuf a&;rSm rnfokd@ tajctae&Sdo enf;?´ rav;&Sm;EkdifiHtwGif;&Sd cav; oli,ftm;vkH;twGuf usef;rm a&;apmifha&Smufr_ ay;oem;&ef

acgif;aqmifrsm;twGuf vufeuf u&d,m tjzpf&nf&G,fonf? UNHCR BID Xme S Th la i rS

&SmazGpOf oif. a&S@aetm; vkdufyg&ef awmif;cHEkdifonf? oifhtm; &if;ESD;r_&atmif OD;pGm pum;pjrnf ajymvdrfhrnf? oif. ukd,f a&;tcsuftvufrsm;/ oifhemrntjf ynfhtpkH/ tou/f vyd fpmESifh tvkyf tukdifrsm;ukday;&ef oifhY wm0ef&Sdonf? ,if;ukd,fa&; tcsuft vufrsm;rSty/ useftcsuftvufrsm;ukdrl rajzqkdyJ a&ikHE_wfydwfaeEkdif onf? ,Ofaus;odrfarG@yg? cGef;wkef@rjyefyJae&ef ra=umufygESifh? Tt &mrmS oif&xkdufaom tcGita&;fh jzpfonf? E_wfqdwfae&ef oifa&G;cs,f cJ@ygu “E_wfqdwfcGifhukd usaemfvufawG@usifhokH;csifw,f”[k ajymyg? Õ ppfcsuf,lpOf oif.xGufqkdcsuf -112 &Jt&m&SdrS oifhtm; ar;cGef;rsm; ar;I oif. ajz}um;csufrsm;ukd a&;rSwfxm;vrd hrf n?f &Jt&m&drS S oitmfh ; +cdrf;ajcmufI jzpfap/ t"rRjzpfap/ xGufqkdckdif;Ir&yg? tu,fI +cdrf; ajcmuf (okd@r[kwf) t"rR xGufqkdckdif;v#if yxrOD;qkH; tcGifhta&; w&yf tjzpf/ ,if;&Jt&m&Sdtm; &Jpcef;okd@wkdif=um;yg? ,if;onf oif.tcGifh ta&;jzpf.?

Õ

&&Sda&;twGuf wkd@jzifh aqmif&Guf aeygonf? ,leDqufonf rav;&Sm;EkdifiH . tpkd;&tqifhY rl0g'csrSwf vkyf aqmifjcif; axmufcHajymqkdjcif; rsm;ukd t"dutm;jzifh aqmif&Guf onf? xkd@a}umifh ,leDqufonf vlxktz@tGJ pnf;v_yf&Sm;rr_ sm;wGif wkduf¶kdufyl;aygif; aqmif&Guf¶¶kH omru vkyfief;csrSwf aqmif&Guf a&; r[mrdwfrsm;/ NGO tzGJ@rsm; ESifh &if;ESD;pGm yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufae ygonf? ,leDqufrS wkd;jr‡ifhaqmif&Gufae onfhcav;oi,l rf sm; tcGifh ta&; um; tb,fenf;?´ 1989 ckESpfwGif CRC Y rav;&Sm;EkdifiHrS vufrSwfa&;xkd;cJh onf? ,leDqufrS wkd;jr‡ifhaqmif &Guf&efóud;yrf;aeaom cav;rsm; qkdif&m tcGifhta&;rsm;? (1) touf&Sif&yfwnfa&;? (2) zGH@òzd;wkd;wufa&;? (3) umuG,fapmifha&Smufa&;? (4) yl;aygif; yg0ifcGifh&&Sda&;wkd@ jzpf onf? umuG,fapmifha&Smufa&; *¾rSm rav;&Sm;EkdifiH. ta&;t }uD;qkH;aom a'gufwkdifwckjzpf+yD; ,if;t,ltqrSm wcgw&HwGif c av;oli,farG;jrLapmifha&Smuf enf;ESifhywfoufI ¶kd;&m,Ofaus; r_tpOftvmrsm;ukd xdckdufavh&Sd onf? okd@jzpfapumrl vkH;0vuf oifhrcHEkdifaom tðytrlrsm;rSm c av;oli,frsm;tm; vlukeful;jcif; cav;tvkyform;rsm;tjzpf ap cifkd ;jcif;/ r;l ,pfaq;0g; oH;k pJ&G ef tm; ay;tm;ajr‡mufðyjcif; wdk@jzpfonf? ,leDqufrS cav;oli,f tcGifht a&;rsm; wkd;wufatmif rnfokd@ vkyfaqmifoenf;?´ 7380 ? vlxkaxmufyHhr_ESifh wkef@

jyefr_tm;jzifhvnf;aumif;?

7381

? rdom;pkpGrf;&nfwkd@ukd wkd;

wufckdifcHhapjcif;jzifh vnf;aumif;/

USAC ed'gef;tusOf; ukd&Sif;jy&m

7382

? usef;rma&;ESifh ynma&;ukd

7388

? taz:rJ@aeol vlenf;p/k

us,fus,fjyef@jyef@ aqmif&Gufjcif;

7389 ? tdrfaxmifòyduGJaeol

jzifhvn;f aumif;?

vlenf;pk/

7383

? ykdrkdaxmufyHhaom ywf0ef;

7390

? rdbrJ@ cav;rsm;/

usifukd owdðyqifjcifjcif;jzifh vnf;aumif;? 7384 ?tpkd;&tm; axmufcH ajymqkdwifjy ay;jcif;jzifh vnf; aumif; aqmif&Gufay;ygonf?

tzG@Jtpnf;acgif;aqmifrsm; rnfo@kd vkyfaqmifEkdifoenf;?´

óud;yrf;r_ESifh ,if;tavh tusifh

,cktcg²²²usef;rma&;0ef}uD;

rsm;twGuf ed'gef;tusOf; óud;yrf;rq_ okd nfrSm CRC t& aomfvnf;aumif;/ awG@qkHar;jref;

jcif;EifS h tjcm;csOf;uyrf _rsm;tm;jzifh aomfvnf;aumif;/ cav;rsm;t wGuf taumif;qkH; tusKd;jzpf xGe;f ap&ef &nf&G,fonfh w&m;0if vkyfief;rsm;jzpfonf? awG@qkHar;jref;jcif;ESifh csOf;uyfr_ qkdif&m óud;yrf; rl0g'rsm;

Xmeokd@ ,leDqufrS²²²axmufcH wifjyajymqkdaeygonf? wcsdefwnf;wGif ,leDquf taejzifh vkyief f;taumiftxnf azmfaqmif&Gufa&; r[mrdwfrsm; ESifh yl;aygif;um tcrJ@aq;cefrsm; ukd zGifhvSpf vkyfaqmifaeygonf? a'ocHrsm;/ EkdifiHjcm;om;rsm;ESifh 'kuQonfrsm; tm;vkH;twGuf aq;0g;/ ukop&dwfrsm;ukd wajy; nDjzpfoifhaomfvnf; tcsKdŒ aq;¶kH rsm;rSm EkdifiHjcm;om;rsm;ESifh 'kuQonfrsm;tm; aq;0g;uko p&dwfukdu ykdrkdawmif;cH&ef vkdvm; =uonf? ynmoif=um;cGifhESifh ywfouf vmv#if rav;&Sm;EkdifiH twGif; cav;rsm;. tcGifhta&;rsm;rSm rnfokd@tajctae &Sdoenf;?´ rav;&Sm;EkdifiHtwGif;&Sd cav; rsm;tm;vkH; EkdifiHra&G;/ Zmwdra&G;/ wef;wl ynmoif}um;cGifh&&Sd&ef &nf&G,fv#uf tqifhjrifhaxmufcH wifjyajymqkdr_rsm;ukd ,leDqufrS aqmif&Gufaeayonf? tðyoabmaqmifaom & v'frsm; xGufay:rvmao;aomf vnf; jzpfpOfrsm; qufvuf jzpf xGef;aea}umif; vlxkacgif;aqmif rsm; ,kH}unfpdwfcsaponf? ,leDquf. pmrsufESm(19)yg pkH prf;avhvma&; ar;cGef;v$mrSm rdrd vl@tzGJ@tpnf;&Sd cav;rsm;. t ajctaeukd }uD;=uyfxdef;odrf;&ef

xGufqkdcsuf-112 onf oufaotaxmuftxm;tjzpf tokH;ðy&ef r[kwfyg? a,bk,stm;jzifh ppfcsuf,pl Of&JxHY oifxGuqf kdcJ@aom xGuf qkdcsuf wpkHw&mtm; atmufygtajctaersKd;rSv$JI &JrS ,if;ukd ouf aotaxmuftxm;tjzpf tokH;ðyI r&ay? Oyrmtm;jzifh tEœ &m,fjzpapf Edik aof m aq;0g;tuOf ya'/ jyeayf ;qJjGci;f qifkd &m tufOya'EifS h jynfwGif; vkHòcHa&;qkdif&m tufOya't& ,if;jypfr_twGuf w&m;pGJqkdcH &jcif;rsKd;rS vGJI ,if;ukd tokH;rðyEkdifyg? okd@jzpfapumrl oifhtm; w&m; pD&ifcsdeftwGif; oif. umuG,fr_twGuf taxmuftyHhjzpfap&ef oifh taejzifh ,if;xGufqkdcsufukd tokH;ðyEkdifygonf?Ð

Õ

7385

? cav;oli,frsm;ESifh ,if;

wkd@rdbrsm;. em;/ rsufaphozG,f jzpfygap?

7386

? yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufwwf

aom vkyfaqmifrr_ sKd;udk aqmif&Guf vkyfukdifr_/

? vlxktzGJ@tpnf;twGif;

7387

7391

? UNHCR Y aomfvnf;

aumif;/ tdrfYaomfvnf;aumif;/ w,fvDzkef;jzifhaomfvnf;aumif;/

vkHòcHaom ywf0ef;usifjzpfvm atmif wkd;jr‡ifh aqmif&Gufr_? atmufajcrSvmaomar;cGef;rsm; umuG,fapmifha&Smufr_ESifh ywf ouaof mtcg cav;oi,l f rsm;. tcGifhta&;rsm;ukd rnfokd@ +yD;jynfh pkHapoenf;?´

ukd,f0efaqmifrdef;rrsm;ESifh

awG@qkHar;jref;jcif; aqmif&GufykH?

7392

? }uD;}uyfolrsm;/ arG;csif;

&EJ iS hfoi.f

tajcctH

ciG thf

a&;rsm; TANGKAP EiS hf af 0on?f

rsm;/ rdwfaqG oli,fcsif;rsm; vlxk tzJ@0G ifrsm;ponfh ywfoufolrsm; óud;yrf;r_tzGJ@taejzifh &ifqkdifóuH awG@ae&aom tcuftcJ jy\em rsm;/ vdrfvnf&efóud;yrf;r_/ 7393? touf/ rSwfykHwif/ aqGrsKd; awmfpyfykH/ 7394? uef@owfowif;yif&if;ESifh jyifytaxmuftyHhrsm; tzJG@tpnf;acgif;aqmifrsm; rnf okd@ðyvkyf aqmif&GufEkdifoenf;/´ UNHCR tm;vdrfnm&ef}uH pnfaeolrsm;twGuf/ t axmuf tyHjzpfapaom/ taxmuft xm; pm&Gufpmwr;f rsm;ukd ryHhy;kd yJ rdrdvl@tzGJ@tpnf;Y aexkdifolrsm; tm; UASC ajc&mcjHci;f jzihf UNHCR tm;ulnD=uyg&ef tzJG@tpnf; acgif;aqmifrsm;tm; av;av; eufeuf wkdufwGef;ygonf?Ð

y;l aygi;f Ixwk

 

(Tindakan An o- Pen alah G naan K ala Poli) .mala iaba .o g.m

w&m;a&;qkdif&m tultnDay;a&;Xmersm; ( LAC )

cav;oli,frsm;tm; v0u xdef; odrf;a&;pcef;twGif; xdef;odrf; xm;jcif;rsKd;rS a&Smif&Sm;Ekdif&ef trsKd;orD;a&;&m 0ef}uD;XmerS cktcg ,if;wkd@twGuf aep&mae &m aqmufvkyf&mwGif aqmif&Guf aeayonf? ukd,f0efzsufcsjcif;qkdif&m trsKd; om;a&;tjrif[lonf tb,f enf;?´ ukd,f0efzsufcsr_rSm vlrodol rod jzpfavh&Sdaom udpPrsKd;jzpf onf? okd@aomf ,if;ukd w&m;r0if aom vkyf&yftjzpf owfrSwf,lq

uGmvmvrfyl

- 03-2691 3005 § 03-2693 2072 - 03- 5510 7007 § 03-3281 2428 - 06- 6013 844 - 06- 2845 519 § 06-2864 514 - 07- 2235 698 - 05- 2550 523 - 04- 733 467 - 04- 7448 660 - 09- 5159 244 § 09- 2969 410 - 04- 2617 451 § 04- 3108 451

qvefa*g

em&D qrfbDvef

rvuUm

*sKda[m

yJ&yf(pf)

u'g;ESifh zg;vpf

uvifwef

yg[ef;

ykavmyDeef

j ynfaxmifpkowif;pmudk ZGefv? 2009 ckESpfrS pwifxkwfa0onf/

pmrsufESm? 12 ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/   2009 cEk pS .f urmB

pmrsufESm?

12

ZGefe0g&Dv? 2010 ckESpf? twGJ 2? trSwf 6/

 

2009 cEk pS .f

urmB @taumi;f q;kH abmv;kHorm;quk

dk tm*siwf

;D em;EiS fh

bmpvD

ekd mrS ruqf

&D &dS

tbD

&m[irf Akd paf =umihf

tEikd &f cohJ

nhfbmpvD

ekd m

 

tm*sifwD;em;awmifyH upm; orm; rufqDonf paeae@u

dian e toif;tm; tEdkif,l

um urBm@uvyfrsm; csefyD,Hz vm; &&odS m;G aponhf yJrG wifdk rDS csefyD ,Hvd*fzdkife,fwGif refcsufpwm ,lEdkufwuftm; tEdkif,lvkduf onfh csefyD,Hvd*fzvm; tygt0if bmpDvdkemtoif;tm; zvm;(6) vHk; &&Sdatmif ulnDcJhonf?

touf(22)ESpft&G,f

rufqDu “twdkif;xuftvGef aysmf&$if&ygw,f? yGJwkdif;udk tEdkif &atmif upm;+yD; +yD;jynfhpHkwJh ESpfwpfESpftjzpf ordkif;wGifapwJh ESpfudk u|efawmfwdk@ tqHk;owf vkud fyg+y?D u|efawmfwd@[k m aemuf qHk;tqifhxda&mufatmif vkyfaqmifzdk@ vdktyfygw,f? u|ef awmfwdk@ bmtvkd&Sdw,fqdkwmudk t&mtm;vHk;u vkyfjyvdkufwmyg bJ? tH=ozG,f&mygbJ”[k ajym =um;vdkufonf? rufqDonf +yD;cJhonfhESpfu tqkyd gqktm; pDa&mfe,'f k.d aemuf 'kwd,ae&mwGifom &yfwnfEdkifcJh onf? 2008-09 &moDwGif; yGJ aygif; 51-yGJupm;+yD; 38-*dk; oGif;,lxm;cJhonf? vmvD*gwGif bmumtwGuf 22-yGJupm;ay;

E

oGif;,lxm;cJhonf? vmvD*gwGif bmumtwGuf 22-yGJupm;ay; E tm*sifwD;em;ESifh bmpDvdkempwm; rufqD 2009-ckESpftwGuf

tm*sifwD;em;ESifh bmpDvdkempwm; rufqD 2009-ckESpftwGuf urBmhtaumif;qHk; abmvHk;orm;qkudk vufcHaepOf

um 15-*dk;oGif;,lay;cJhonf? xdk@tjyif urBm@zvm;ajcppfyGJ tjzpf awmiftar&duZHktwGuf rdcifEidk fitoH if;jzpfaom tm*siwf ;D em;toif;tm; aemufqHk;ajcppfyGJ rsm; jzpfaom yD&l;ESifh O¶ka*G;toif; wkd@tm; tEdkif&atmif ulnDay;cJh onf? enf;jyjzpfol rm&m'dkemu yif +yD;jynfhpHkaomol[k csD;usL;cH& aom rufqDonf EdkifiHtoif;t wGufomru uvyfudkyg xd a&mufpGm tusdK;ðycJhol jzpfonf? xd@tk jyif a&G;cs,rf _wGif &;D &,J f ruf'&pfrS a&mfe,f'dk/ bmumrS tef'&D tifepfpwmESihf ZmADwdk@t jyif &D;&J,fruf'&pfrS umumvnf; yg0ifcJhonf? y&D;rD;,m;vd*frS =u,fyGifh ig;a,mufwkd@onfvnf;

zDzmESihf urBm@taumif;qHk; (11) a,mufpm&if;wGif rayJ ;a&;G cs,fcH& onf? aemufcHvl ae&mtwGuf cs,fqD;toif;acgif;aqmif *|efw,f&D/onf ,lEdkufwufrS AD'pfESihf yufx&pftDA&mwkd@ESihf twl a&G;cs,fcH&onf? ‚if;tjyif vDAmyl;toif;. pdwfroufomzG,f&m &v'frsm; tm; ajzodrohf nfh taejzihf pwDAif *sm&wfESifh zmeef 'dkawm&ufpfwkd@ a&G;cs,fcH&onf? {+yDvwkef;u ay:wkdtm; &ifqkdifpOf ,lEdkufwuf toif;twGuf udkufav;q,f tuGmrS rdk;óud;ypfouJhodk@ ta0; uefcsufoGif;,lcJhaom ¶dke,f'dk onf 2008-09 zDzm. taumif; qk;H qkukd &&xSd m;on?f pDa&mfe,f'dk

“ZmADa&m tifeDpwmyg 'DqkeJ@

xkdufwefwmyg? wu,fvdk@om u|eawmfhuf kd a&G;ckdif;r,qf dk&if tJ'D

u

bmpDvdkemtoif;rSm ,ref ae@u vmvD*g tdrfuGif; yGJpOft jzpf &D;&Jvf toif;ESifh upm;cJh&m (1;0) jzifh tEdkif&&SdcJh+yD; ,if;*dk;udk 'kwd,ydkif; 56 rdepfwGif tDb&m [ifrdkApfu oGif;,lcJhonf? tqkdyg yJ&G v'ft& bmpvD dkemrmS vmv*D g trwS fay;Z,m;wifG xdyfqkH;ae&m odk@ jyefa&mufom;G +yD; 'kwd,ae&m rS &D;&Jvftm; 2 rSwf jzwfxm; EdkifcJh+yD jzpfonf? bmpDvdkem enf;jy *Gm'D,kd vmu “u|efawmfhtaeeJ@ tck EdkifyGJtwGuf auseyfygw,f? &*dk; enf;cJhayr,fh bmrSrjzpfygbl;? toif;twGuf u|efawmf *k%f,l ygw,f? &D;&JvfeJ@ awGŒwJhyGJwdkif;rSm cucf ucf JcJ ¶ek f;c&Jh ayr,hf aemuqf ;kH rSmawmh u|efawmfwkd@yJ EdkifcJhyg w,f”[k ajymqkdcJhonf? &D;&Jvfenf;jy y,fvD*&DeDu “tenf;qkH;awmh u|efawmfwkd@ bmpDvdkemudk oa&usatmif

upm;cJhoifhygw,f? 'DyGJrSm u|ef awmfwdk@tm;vkH;eD;yg; tcGifhta&;

awGudk tokH;rcs Eifcdk yJh gbl;? toif; aemufcHvlawGuvnf; trSm;rsm; cJhwJhtwGuf tckvdk ¶_H;cJh&wmyg” [k ajymqkdcJhonf? ,refae@wGif wpfcsdefwnf; upm;cJhonfh vmvD*gyJpG Ofrsm;tm; =unhfrnqf kdv#if t,fvfrD;&D;,m;

bDvfbmtdktm; tdrfuGif;wGif

rSm

(1;4) jzifh ¶_H;edrfhcJh+yD; *Dwmaz;rSm tdrfuGif;wGif ZD&ufZftm; (5;1) jzifhtEdkif&cJhonf? a&qif;ESifh

'Dydk@wDAkd wdk@yGJwGifrl 'Dydk@wDAdkrSm ta0;uGif;wGif (0;1)jzifh tEdkif &&SdcJhonf? A,fvm'dk;vpfESifh wDeD¶kdufwkd@. yGJrSmrl wpfbuf 3 *k;d pD oa&&v'fjzifh tq;kH owof m;G

mqel mtm;

tdrfuGif;wGif (0;1) jzifh ¶_H;edrfhcJh

c+Jhy;D

Zm&m*kZd mrmS tqdk

onf? tufovufwDudkrSm tufpfyef!dktm; tdrfuGif;wGif (4;0) jzifh tEdkif&&SdcJhonf?Ð

o;Hk

a,mufv;Hk bJvdk@ ajym&rSmbJ?”

[kajym=um;oGm;cJhonf? trsK;d or;D taumif;qk;H abm vHk;orm;qkudkrl touf (23)ESpf t&G,fb&mZD;ol rmwmrS toif; azmf c&ppf wif;/ t*FvefrS u,vf D prpf/ *smref=u,fyGifh bm*pfy&ifhpf ESifh tifum*&if;wkd@udk ausmfum (4)ESpfqufwkduf tqdkygqkudk &&SdoGm;onf? trsKd;orD; t aumif;qHk; abmvHk;orm;qk&Sif rmwmrS “u|efr wu,fudk tH=o 0rf;omrdygw,f”[k ajym=um;

vdkufonf? Ð

urBm@taumif;qHk;(11)

a,muf pm&if;rSmæ tdkifcg um;qD;vuf (&D;&J,f ruf'&pf)/ *'efw,f&D (cs,fqD;)/ eDref*s AD'pf (ref,l)/ yufx&pf tDA&m(ref,l)/ 'efe,f tJvfAufpf (bmpDvdkem)/ ZmAD (bmpDvdkem)/ tef'&D tifepfwm (bmpDvdkem)/ pwDzif *sm&wf (vDAmyl;)/ vD,Gefe,f rufqD (bmpDvdkem)/ c&pfpwD,mEdk a&mfe,f'dk (&D;&J,f ruf'&pf)/ zmeef'dkawm&ufpf (vDAmyl;)

trd uf

iG ;f wukd

nfh

pf pf tprG ;f jycohJ f

&;D &vJ

&D;&Jvftoif;rSm ,refae@u tdrfuif;G vmvD*g yGJpOftjzpf wef; wuf Zm&m*dkZmtoif;ESifh upm; cJh&m (6;0) jzifh tEdkif&cJhonf? tqdkyg yGJpOfrS tdrf&SiftwGuf *k;d rsm;ukd yxryif;dk 3-rd epfESifh 34- rdepfrsm;wGif [D*ltif/ yxrydkif; 26-rdepfESifh 28-rdepfwGif Aef'g Awf/ 'kwd,ydkif; rdepf-50wGif pD¶kde,f'dkESifh 71-rdepfwGif bifZDrm wdk@u toD;oD; oGif;,l oGm;cJh=u +yD; tHhtm;oifhbG,f tpGrf;jycJh =uonf? ,ck EdkifyGJa=umifh &D;&JvfrmS t

rSwfay;Z,m; xdyfqkH;wGif &yf wnfaeonfh bmpDvdkemudk 'kwd

,

rvGwfwrf; zdtm;ay;EdkifcJh+yDjzpf

onf? ,refae@ EdkifyGJa=umifh ,cif

u

enf;jy y,fvD*&DeDrSm pdwfouf om&m &c+JhyD; tdrfuGif; y&od wfrsm; rSmvnf; tm;&auseyfv#uf&Sd onf? &D;&JvfrSm r=umcif pwif awmhrnfh csefyD,Hvd*f 16 oif;t qifhwGif jyifopfuvyf vdkif,GefESifh awGŒqkH&rnfjzpfonf?Ð

ae&mrS &rSwf 37-rSwfjzifh

zdtm;rsm; óuHawGŒcJh&onfh

 

ta0;uGif; ¶_H;yGJawGŒcJhonfh ol&JeDrsm;

 

ref,ltoif;rSm ,refae@u ta0;uGif; y&D;rD;,m; yGJpOftjzpf zlv[f rf toif;ESifh upm;chJ&m 3;0 jzihf ¶_H;edrfhcJhonf? tqdkyg yGJpOfrS tdrf&Sif toif;twGuf *dk;rsm;udk yxrydkif; 22 rdepfwGif rmzD/ 'wk d, ydkif; 46 rdepfwGif Zmrdk&m/ 75 rdepf wGif 'ufzfwdk@u oGif;,lElifcd Jh onf? ,if;a=umifh zlvf[rfrSm tdrfuGif; wGif +yD;cJhonhf &moDu uJhokd@yif 'kwd, t}udrfajrmuf ref,lukd

+yD;cJhonhf &moDu uJhokd@yif 'kwd, t}udrfajrmuf ref,lukd zl[rftoif;ESifh ref,ltoif;wdk@ t}udwfte,f ,SOf+ydKifaepOf

zl[rftoif;ESifh ref,ltoif;wdk@ t}udwfte,f ,SOf+ydKifaepOf

,refae@ yGJpOfESifh ywfoufI zlvf [rfenf;jy a[mhcfqefu “u|ef awmfwdk@[m rESpfuvdkyJ ref,ludk tdrfuGif;rSm xyf+yD; tEdlif,lEdlifcJh

yg+yD? 'DtwGuf 0rf;omygw,f? 'Dvkd &v'rf sKd;eJ@ Edkifzkd@ukd u|ef awmf

wkd@

tcsdeft=um }uD;,l+yD; óud;pm;

jyifqifcJh&wmyg? 'DyGJ&JΠt aumif;

qkH;upm;orm;udk jyygqkd &ifawmh Zmrdk&mygyJ? ol[m tck aemufyif;dk rSm trSm;t,Gif;r&Sdatmifudk ajcpGrf;awG aumif;aeygw,f? t*Fvefenf;jy umy,fvkd taeeJ@ ol@udkac:oifhw,fvkd@ u|ef awmf t}uHay;vdkygw,f”[k ajym qkdcJhonf? zlvf[rftoif;rSm vm rnhfpaeae@wGif pyg;toif;ESifh tdrfuGif; y&D;rD;,m;yGJpOftjzpf upm;&rnf jzpfonf?Ð

tmqief ,f *;kdjywtf

l

Eild ,f

 

tomEifdl cJh+yD; enf;jy a[mhcfqefrSm

 

vnf; ydkI emrnfausmfcJh+yDjzpf onf? ,refae@ yGJpOfwGif ref,lrSm aemufcHvlrsm; '%f&m&aeaom a=umifh ,cifyGJpOfrsm;twdkif; uGif;v,f upm;orm;rsm;jzpf onfh zvufcsmESifh rdkufu,f um;

&pfwkd@udk aemufwef;wGif upm;ap cJhum a&SŒwef;wGif &eG f;ae/ tdk0ifwkd@ . tpGrf;jzifh tdrf&Siftoif;udk xkd;azmuf&ef }uHpnfcJhaomfvnf; tcsnf;tESD;om jzpfcJhonf? ,if;a=umifh ,ae@nwGif

0ufpf[rf;ESifh ta0;uGif;wGif upm;rnfh y&D;rD;,m; trSwfay; Z,m;wGif xdyfqkH;rS OD;aqmifae onfh csJvfqD;twGuf tcGifhta&; wpfck jzpfvmEdlifonf[k rD'D,m rsm;u qkdonf?

tmqife,f toif;onf pae ae@u tdrfuGif;wGif a[mvfpD;wD; toif;tm; 3-*dk;jywf tEdkif&&Sd oGm;cJhonf? tmqife,f toif; twGuf OD;aqmif*dk;udk yxrydkif; yuGJ pm;csdef 45 rdepwf Gif wkdufpprf ª; 'eD ,fqif z&D;upfrS wqifh oGif;,l ay;cJh+yD; 1 *dk; *dk;r&Sdjzifh OD;aqmifae cJhonf? xkd@aemuf 'kwd,ykdif; yGJupm;csdef 59-rdepwf Gif tmqife,f wdkupf pf r;ª tDuGm'kdu 'kwd,*k;d xyfrH oGif;

&onfh a[mvfpD;wD;onf wdkuf

jyef wkdufppfrSwpfqifh *dk;oGif;cGifh &&Sdatmif óu;d pm;aomvf nf; ycsGJ def 56-rdepfwGif &&SdcJhaom yife,fwD

vGJacsmfcJhjcif;a=umifh a[mvfpD;

wD; toif;twGuf ,ckuJhodk@ *dk; jywfjzifh ta&;edrfhoGm;cJh jcif;vnf; jzpfonf? tmqife,f toif;twGuf

yoGJ rd ;f *;dk ukd uifG ; v,f upm;orm;

mbDu wduk fppfr;ª tm&SmAifESifh

tay;t,lvkyfum oGif;,loGm;cJh

',D

udk

vr;fywaf =umihf1

rwS &f cohJ nhfcsvJ qf ;D

   

csJvfqD;toif;rSm ,refae@ u y&D;rD;,m;vd*f ta0;uGif; yGJpOf tjzpf 0ufpf[rf;toif;ESifh upm; cJh&m wpfzuf 1-*dk; oa&us oGm;cJh onf? ,if;yGJpOfwGif tdrf&Sif toif; twGuf *dk;udk yxrydkif; 45-rdepf wGif 'D,mrefwDESifh {nhfonf toif;twGuf *dk;udk 'kwd,ydkif; 62-rdepfwGif vrf;ywfrS oGif;,l oGm;cJhonf? ,ck&v'fa=umifh +yD;cJhonfh paeae@u zlvf[rfudk ta0;uGif;wGif (3;0)jzifh ¶_H;edrfhcJh &onfh re,f ltoif;tay: csJvqf D; toif;rSm tcGifhta&; r,lEdkifcJh aomfvnf; trSwfay;Z,m;wGif

csJvfqD;toif; upm;orm; vrf;ywf
csJvfqD;toif; upm;orm; vrf;ywf

qufvuf OD;aqmifv#uf&Sdonf? tqkdyg ypGJ OfESifh ywfouIf csJvfqD; enf;jy tefqavmhwDu “0ufpf [rf;eJ@yrGJ Sm yxrydifk ; wpfckvkH; u|ef awmfwkd@ upm;ykHraumif; cJhygbl;? ESpof if;pvkH;twGuf tckvkd 1-*k;d pD oa&us oGm;wm[m toifhawmf qkH; jzpfr,fvkd@ u|efawmfxifyg w,f? yGJudka0zefzkd@ u|efawmf 0g oemrygygbl;? bmjzpfvkd@ tckvkd ajym&wmvJqdkawmh u|efawmfu 'kdifvl}uD;rS r[kwfwmAsm”[k ajymqkdcJhonf? csJvfqD;toif;rSm vmrnfh paeae@wGif bmrif*rf toif;ESifh y&D;rD;,m; ta0;uGif; yGJpOftjzpf upm;&rnfjzpfonf?Ð

,loGm;cJhonf?2-*dk;oGif;cHvkduf

onf?Ð

upm;&rnfjzpfonf? Ð ,loGm;cJhonf?2-*dk;oGif;cHvkduf onf? Ð tmqife,ftoif;ESifh a[mpDwD;toif;wdk h,SOfòydifupm;aeyHk

tmqife,ftoif;ESifh a[mpDwD;toif;wdk h,SOfòydifupm;aeyHk

j ynfaxmifpkowif;pmudk ZGefv? 2009 ckESpfrS pwifxkwfa0onf/