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SEMINAR REPORT

Submitted by
NAME (REG.NO)
In partial fulfillment of the requirement of the Degree
of
MASTER OF ENGINEERING
In
ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

COLLEGE NAME
ANNA UNIVERSITY: CHENNAI-600 025
NOVEMBER 2014

BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE
Certified that this seminar report bonafide work of NAME

(REG.NO), who carried out the seminar work under my supervision.

SIGNATURE

SIGNATURE

HOD NAME

SUPERVISOR NAME

HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT

SUPERVISOR

Department of Civil Engineering

Asst.Professor

College name

College name

Adress

Adress

Submitted for the Anna University seminar report viva-voce


Examination held on.

INTERNAL EXAMINER

.
EXTERNAL EXAMINER

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I wish to extend my sincere gratitude to the management of


COLLEGE NAME which provided all facilities for me to pursue the
industrial training successfully.
I would like to express my sincere thanks to our Dean. namefor his
encouragement for doing this training. I would like to thank our college
Principal name and Head of the Department of Civil Engineering hod name
for permitting us to undergo industrial training.
I like to express my thanks to all teaching and non teaching staff
members in the Department of Civil Engineering.

DECLARATION BY THE STUDENT

I NAME , the undersigned hereby declare that This Seminar Report is my


original work and submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the
award of degree of MASTER OF ENGINEERING, ANNA UNIVERSITY,
CHENNAI.

Place:
Date:

Signature of the Student


(NAME)

TITLE OF CONTENTS

S.NO

TITLE

PAGE NO

LIST OF FIGURES
1

AIR POLLUTION
1.1

INTRODUCTION

1.2

DEFINTION

1.3

SOURCES OF AIR POLLUTION

1.4

TYPES OF POLLUTANT

1.4.1 Primary Air Pollution

1.4.2 Secondary air Pollution

WATER POLLUTION
2.1

INTRODUCTION

2.2

INDUSTRIAL WASTE

2.3

INORGANIC POLLUTANT

2.4

ORGANIC POLLUTANT

2.5

AGRICULTURAL WASTE

2.6

MARINE POLLUTION

2.7

THERMAL POLLUTION

WASTE WATER TREATMENT PROCESS


3.1

PURPOSE

3.1.1 Free Treatment

3.1.2 Preliminary Treatment

3.1.3 Primary Treatment

12

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT


4.1

NEED FOR EIA

13

4.2

RAPID EIA

14

4.3

COMPREHENSIVE EIA

14

4.4

SECTORAL EIA

14

4.5

STRATEGIC EIA

14

4.6

REGIONAL EIA

15

4.7

LIST PROJECT REQUIRING


ENVIRONMENTAL CLEARANCE FROM
THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT

15

WATER TREATMENT PROCESS


5.1

WATER TREATMENT

17

5.2

PREE TREATMENT

17

5.3

PRIMARY TREATMENT

17

5.4

SECONDRY TREATMENT

17

5.5

SURFACE AERATED BASIAN

18

5.6

ROATING BIOLOGICAL CONTACTORS

19

5.7

TERTIARY TREATMENT

19

SOURCE OF WATER
6.1

INDRODUCTION

20

6.2

RAIN WATER

20

6.3

SURFACE WATER

20

6.4

GROUND WATER

6.5

WATER FROM MOUNTAIN SPRINGS

6.6

SHALLOW WELLS

10

22
22

SOLAR WATER DISINFECTION


7.1

INTRODUCTION

7.2

PHOTOCATALYZED PROCESS

7.3

SODIS INSTRUCTION FOR USING SOLAR WATER


DISINFECTION

21

23
24

25

GROUND WATER POLLUTION


8.1

INTRODUCTION

27

8.2

GROUNDWATER REMEDIATION

27

8.3

TECHNIQUES

28

8.4

BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES

28

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT


9.1

INTRODUCTION

30

9.2

TYPES OF NON-HAZARDOUS SOLID WASTE

30

9.3

SOURCES OF SOLID WASTES

31

WASTE DISPOSAL
10.1

DISPOSAL IN LANDFILL

32

10.2

INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES

32

10.3

SANITARY LAND FILL

33

LIST OF FIGURES
S.No FIGURE

DESCRIPTION

PAGE NO

NO
1.4

ORGANIZATION PROCESS

2
3

1.4.2
2.1

SAMPLE OF AIR POLLUTANT


MUNICIPAL WASTE WATER

4
5

2.2

INDUSTRIAL WASTE

2.3

INORGANIC POLLUTANT

2.4

ORGANIC POLLUTANT

2.6

MARINE POLLUTION

2.7

THERMAL POLLUTION

TREATMENT PROCESS

10

10

3.1.3

PRELIMINARY TREATMENT

11

11

3.1.4

PRIMARY TREATMENT

12

12

5.4

SECONDARY TREATMENT

18

13

5.5

SURFACE AREATED BASINS

18

14

7.2

SANITARY LAN FILL

32