Look at the picture and answer these questions. 1. Where are they now?

Suggested answer :They are in the country. Suggested answer :Yes, they do.

Pre-Reading Questions.

2.Do they look good and healthy from the picture given? 3. Why they look good and healthy in your opinion? free times.

Suggested answer :Because they are always exercise in their 4.Do you like living in the country or in the middle of the town yourself? town. Suggested answer : In the country / In the middle of the 5.Why do you like living in the country?

Suggested answer :Fresh air , more space . 6.Why do you like living in town center? contact with the others. Suggested answer :Good food , good communication , easily

Now read the passage below. You can look up the meaning of the words in bold in the Vocabulary Study Section that follows.

Reading Passage

3.1 - A Countryside for Health and Wellbeing. Benefits of Green Exercise.

The Physical and Mental Health

depends on what else is important in our lives. Is it a good or a bad day? Irrespective of where we come from, it seems that the presence of living things makes us feel good. They help us when we feel stressed, and if there is green vegetation, blue sky and water in the scene, then we like it even more.

How does nature make us feel? Much, of course,

This idea that the quality of nature affects our mental health is not a new one, but it has not greatly affected the planning health priorities. of our urban and rural environments, nor the setting of public In the UK, more than 80% of people live in urban areas

(Defra, 2004), though the greater growth is now in rural

areas. Urban settings by definition have less nature than rural or at least less opportunity to recover from mental stress. As natural green environments have increasingly come under pressure from economic development, so it seems our own

ones. And less green nature means reduced mental well-being,

wellbeing has suffered as a consequence. Today, stress and

mental ill-health are becoming more common, and the associated public health costs are growing. The World Health Organisation estimates that depression

and depression-related illness will become the greatest source of ill-health by 2020. This is partly because some other behaviours, such as smoking, over-eating and high alcohol

consumption, are likely to be coping mechanisms for mental

ill-health and stress, and have their own serious consequences. obesity and coronary heart disease, are also connected to people have a lower risk of dying from coronary heart

In addition, many urgent physical health challenges, including sedentary lifestyles. Yet it is known that physically active disease, type II diabetes, hypertension and colon cancer. In the UK, there is evidence for a dramatic fall in physical activity over the past 50 years.

Where’s he from?

Bill Bryson Fact-file

3.2 Bill Bryson Interview.

Bill Bryson was born in Iowa, USA, in 1951. Why is he over here then? A backpacking expedition in 1973 brought him to England

where he met his wife and decided to stay and be a journalist

and writer. Having gone back to the United States in 1995 he returned to live in Norfolk in 2003. So what’s he done?

He is arguably most famous for writing autobiographical

travel books (Notes from a Small Island, Notes from a Big Country) as well as books on language and science (The Mother Tongue, A Short History of Nearly Everything) but The Independent.

has spent much of his life as a journalist for The Times and I see. So is he any good?

In 2006 he was awarded an OBE for his contribution to

literature adding to the numerous awards he has had for his work. His writing is often funny and insightful as well as being quite accessible.

Wow, that’s pretty good. So how come he likes litter then?

He doesn’t! Having always been fascinated by British heritage and the beauty of its countryside he became President of the Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) in May 2007, campaign is going from strength to establishing an antilittering campaign across the country. The

strength and he knows young people play a huge role in Parliament .

reducing litter, so that’s why he interviewed with UK Youth

Bill Bryson is a world famous author and President of the MYP Kingston upon Thames) and Jack Mayorcas (UKYP anti-litter campaign ...

Campaign to Protect Rural England. Albert Simango (Deputy London PG Rep) met up with him to talk about his current “Walking in the countryside is so beautiful, why would you want to make it ugly?”

How did you come to be President of the Campaign to Protect Rural England and what made you want to get involved in this campaign? I just got really annoyed about litter. Walking in the

countryside is so beautiful, why would you want to make it

ugly? I didn’t know how to run a campaign so I approached the Campaign to Protect Rural England and they invited me to be their President. I am quite actively involved with the organisation but being being a symbol or a frontman. President is a ceremonial role like

There have been other antilitter campaigns before, what is clear difference?

different about this one that you feel will be able to make a I think the moment is right for this sort of campaign. There are lots of people who feel the same way about litter and want to do something about it. We are going to push hard

and get people to join the crusade and I believe there is a real chance the message will get through. We want a clean, tidy Britain. Did you ever drop litter when you were young?

I can honestly say I have never littered through choice. There are times when we are in a position where we are forced to though - I recently got stopped at St Pancras when I tried to

take my coffee through security to get on the Eurostar. They authorities have more of a duty to provide waste bins.

made me put my coffee cup on the floor! Where appropriate, Research showed that one of the major reasons for young a problem?

people dropping litter was laziness, how can we tackle such We need to explain through intelligent advertising campaigns that there is a consequence to dropping litter. Just as if you are caught speeding and you get points drivers who drop litter

out of their car windows should get given 3 points on their driver’s licence. If somebody drops litter what does it say about them? It says that they aren’t thinking. wouldn’t want to keep the countryside looking lovely. It I can’t see why you

doesn’t make sense. People appreciate a clean environment. with an unmade bed!

You wouldn’t expect to check into a hotel room and be faced We as a nation are behind with schemes such as bottle is?

returns and charging for plastic bags, why do you think this I think British society can be conservative. Whilst that is

often a great thing and means that historical buildings and

traditions are really well preserved, it can sometimes mean

that as a nation things take time to change. It is the duty of

the younger generation to take it forward and make changes. of our generation, besides littering and flytipping?

What do you think is the main problem facing young people I think life used to be easier when I was your age. I think

education is a really big issue facing young people. You have to be a lot more serious about it. It is also much harder to be an immigrant these days. When I first got here it was easy!

Vocabulary Study health the general condition of your body and how healthy you are a feeling of being comfortable, healthy, and happy

สุขภาพ

well-being

การมีสุขภาพดี

physical

related to someone's body rather than their mind or emotions

เกี่ยวกับร่างกาย

mental

relating to the health or state of เกี่ยวกับจิตใจ someone's mind ผลประโยชน์ ส่วนดี

benefit

an advantage, improvement, or help that you get from

something depend on to need the support, help, or existence of someone or something in order to exist, be healthy, be successful etc [= rely on] ขึ้นอย่่กบ ั

irrespective used when saying that a a situation and is not important: recover

ไม่คำานึ งถึง ไม่สำาคัญ

particular fact has no effect on

to get better after an illness, accident, shock etc

เส้นกำาหนดจุด

consequenc something that happens as a e set of conditions

ผลที่เกิดขึ้นภายหลัง

result of a particular action or การบริโภค

consumptio the amount of energy, oil, n electricity etc that is used

cope

to succeed in dealing with a

รับมือ ต่อส้่ ดินรน ้

difficult problem or situation

obesity

when someone is very fat in a way that is unhealthy

อ้วนมาก

sedentary

spending a lot of time sitting down, and not moving or exercising very much

ในลักษณะการนั่ ง

diabetes

a serious disease in which there โรคเบาหวาน is too much sugar in your blood

fact

a piece of information that is known to be true:

ความจริง

expedition

a long and carefully organized journey, especially to a dangerous or unfamiliar place, or the people that make this journey

การสำารวจ

arguably

used when giving your opinion to say that there are good be true reasons why something might

แสดงความคิดเห็นที่ น่ าจะเป็ นจริง

autobiogra

one based on the author's own

เกี่ยวกับ

phical journalist

experiences someone who writes news reports for newspapers, magazines, television, or radio

อัตชีวประวัติ นั กหนั งสือพิมพ์

contributio n

something that you give or do in order to help something be successful many a series of actions intended to achieve a particular result or a social improvement: relating to politics or business,

การบริจาค อุดหนุน

numerous campaign

มากมาย ยุทธการ การรณรงค์

litter

waste paper, cans etc that

ขยะ

people have thrown away and left on the ground in a public place

[= rubbish, trash, garbage] appreciate to understand how serious or important a situation or เห็นคุณค่า

problem is or what someone's feelings are [= realize]

1.Is Bill Bryson born British? Suggested answer : No. 2.Where was he born then?

Recalling Information

Suggested answer : He was born in Iowa U.S.A. 3.When was he first came to England? 4.Where did he meet his wife? 5.Where does he live now? Suggested answer :He first came to England in 1973. Suggested answer : In England. Suggested answer :He lives in Norfolk, England now. quite a very ………………. society. Suggested answer : conservative modern in style, taste etc? Suggested answer : Yes. England?

6. Based from Bill Bryson’s opinion, the British society is

7. Does conservative means not liking changes or not very

8.Who was the President of the Campaign to Protect Rural Suggested answer :Bill Bryson.

9.Did he work for American newspaper? Suggested answer :No. urban area? 10. In UK more than how many percent of people live in Suggested answer :More than 80 %.

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