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SPM ADDITIONAL MATHEMATIC 3472 CHAPTER 9: DIFFERENTIATIONS ‘Topic 9 Ditferentiation 9.01 Definitions & Fist Principles Differentiation ‘9.011 Statement Definitions / Takrif pat] ‘When x increases by + dy Sx, y will increases by dy, [ax — small change of x e =x eM |5y—> small change of y yt dy axt ox \5—> DELTA ‘Tople » Dimerentia {9.01 Derinidons & Furst Principles Diterenti (Use the definition )f Pembezaan Prinslp Pefama J ‘9.012 rst Principles Ditferentation eg Find the first derivative of y= 2? from first principles. Soltttton : ye! a Dpinareases by @y}_3f99]=(4 +6) imanen by Ge] yrdyaa7+26x0x+(dx)) (2) (2-0, (94+ dy)-y a(x? +25x02+(8x)')-? Oy=2dxex+ (dx) (+49) |Important Note ‘ imp es ce 2x+5x CY ox ay, oy [The symbol of definition for differentiation| 7 jax” Ox =2x+0 dy. (By ie =1in(&) idx #0 Gx) ‘shortcut of symbol for differentiation| ®)_ ong a eg: Find the first derivative of y= 32-42 fiom first principles Solution 2-0, (y+ dy)—y=(8x+3dx+2)-(30+2) y=3x+2. {ly By =36s yhdy=3(x+dx)+2 (25x) yr dy = 3x4 38x42. 2) eg3 Find the first derivative of y= fiom frst principles. Solution oO y+ dys. 2-0. {2} Find the first derivative of y = 4 from first principles, x Solution ae eH oO = (er éxyH1 (a) Aa) oes = ( +93 Q) (2)- th, (+89) 24+ D- 2+ da+D, (e+1)(e+ de+1) } 2 (2x+2)—(2x+2(6x) oa exes) i +x(Sxjtxta+(dx) 1 | -2(53) x +x(dx)+2x+(dx)41 (+32) ___ 2?) Ty x(x) + 2at (5x) +1) (2)-(sapasws) (=a) 2. Gey & dk “Tople 9 Differentiation Dilferentiaion / Penbezaam Ruamns Asus | v9.02 4Fermulae OF Differentiation | Pembezaan 4 Ruma fi 9.021 Basle Formulae OF pax” eal Differentiate y =3x* with respect to x. Solution "eg. [memories] Differentiate y =3x with respect to x Solution year B gaye = Zo a 0 D assy Ba ixay! & » 34 eH, eg "e.g.3 {memories] Differentiate y =2 with respect tox. Differentiate y= x? with respect to x Solution: yas wy ot $ = 0x28 cas: wy o# Differentiate x° — 2x with respect to x. & Solution d <(2°-2x)=327 -22" ql?) =3x7-24 26 i eae i f@=a Differentiate y= with respect to. Solution: | Solution : * é ' Solution: BR = 1B | Sa) = 63x"! = 185° | #*@)=5x18x"7 = 90x" #y scope | =Sx1Bx "= 90x" | g(x) = 4x 90a"! = 3602 £2