Name: RAFAEL, DUNE VIENIS KAREN N.

Pharmacy 4A Group Number: ___________________ 27, 2009 2009

Year & Section: BSDate Started: November Date Submitted: December 7,

Exercise No. 9 ADRENALINE AMPOULE FOR INTRAVENOUS USE I. Objectives: i. To attain skills in preparing adrenaline intravenous injection ii. To know the precautions in preparing adrenaline intravenous injection, and iii. To analyze the mechanism of action of intravenous adrenalin. Data Output:
Saint Luke’s Hospital
Father Selga Street, Davao City Patient’s Name: Robert John R. Rafael Attending Physician: J. Noveno, MD. Age: 23 Sex: Male Room No.: 47

I.

Epinephrine 1 mg/ml solution for intravenous use
Prepared by: Dune Rafael, RPh Pharmacist

II.

Answers to Questions: 1. Describe the mechanism of action of Adrenalin as intravenous injection. Adrenalin (epinephrine) is a sympathomimetic drug. It activates an adrenergic receptive mechanism on effector cells and imitates all actions of the sympathetic nervous system except those on the arteries of the face and sweat glands. Epinephrine acts on both alpha and beta receptors and is the most potent alpha receptor activator [Rxlist, 2009]. 2. What particular circumstances is an intravenous injection of adrenaline applied? Intravenous injection of adrenaline is applied in cases of cardiac emergencies to restore cardiac rhythm in cardiac arrest due to various causes, but it is not used in cardiac failure or in hemorrhagic, traumatic, or cardiogenic shock [Rxlist, 2009].

I.

Conclusions: Adrenalin (epinephrine) is a sympathomimetic drug. It activates an adrenergic receptive mechanism on effector cells and imitates all actions of the sympathetic nervous system except those on the arteries of the face and sweat glands. Epinephrine acts on both alpha

and beta receptors and is the most potent alpha receptor activator. Intravenous injection of adrenaline is applied in cases of cardiac emergencies to restore cardiac rhythm in cardiac arrest due to various causes, but it is not used in cardiac failure or in hemorrhagic, traumatic, or cardiogenic shock. Adrenaline is sensitive to light exposure. Therefore, adrenalin preparations must be kept away from light as much as possible. It should also be inspected visually for particulate matter or discoloration. II. Bibliography:

Rxlist. (2009, March 03). Adrenalin (Epinephrine) Drug Information. Retrieved December 07, 2009, from Rxlist.com: http://www.rxlist.com/adrenalin-drug.htm

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful