You are on page 1of 1

Proximity sensor

Schematic Symbol:

Characteristics:
The proximity sensor indicates that an object is near but no contact is needed. Examples are
inductive, capacitive and optical sensors. They can sense unevenness ( quality control), motion,
etc, Can operate on 10 deg. C to 50 deg. C. Supplied by 10-30 DC Voltage or a 230 AC Voltage.

Theory of Operation:
High frequency magnetic field is generated by the inductor coil in the oscillation circuit. A target
will approach this magnetic field and an induction current will flow thru electromagnetic
induction. As the target gets closer to the sensor, the current will increase. The sensor will then
detect the change in oscillation caused by the current and an output signal will be produced.

Advantages and Disadvantages:
Advantages:
 Easy installation
 Singular casing (components of transmitter and receiver in one case)
 Good working zone (range of the proximity sensor)
 Non-contact detection w/c eliminates danger to sensor damage
 Long service life
 Stable detection
 High response speed
Disadvantages:
 Sensitive to light sources
 Uses reflector
 Dead zone

References:
Symbols of Electronic Sensors. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://www.electronicsymbols.com/electric-electronic-symbols/sensors-transducers-symbols.htm
Sensor
Types.
Retrieved
July
19,
2014,
from
http://www.lgtrempart.fr/tee/Doc/Neuss2007/sensors.pdf
Proximity Sensors/Operating Principle/Type. Retrieved July 19,
2014, from
http://www.sensorcentral.com/photoelectric/proximity01.php