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1S HERE! FLEMICLEAN, THE ULTRA-FAST AND EFFECTWE ROW TOOL FOR REMOVING MARINE GROWTH NENTS | OWS | CAREERS) LoG6CDIAS DOASALS@TICALIT | LOSaUT sos | sso WAY AHEAD INCORROSON CONTROL BIE] OFFSHORE CATHODIC PROTECTION 101 What it is and how it works by Hower 2007.1 Beton OWE Ios) ABSTRACT ‘hs paparie a base ntreduten to the scant concate tohind eatrocie protection Inenses fo intrna tnng, the topics covered are: anodes, cathodes, sacri or gatvanc cata prsact en, pressed caren eathods Breton ICP) ts baie shoma army as doser bn catoaie proecin testing 293 mentaring 2 CP system. HOW DOES STEEL CORRODE IN WATER? Toundorstord cathode protection, you must Fist understons how orosan caused Far corrsion eee Ieee things mast be present 1. Two dissimilar metas 2.Anelacrage nate wth any type of sao as clssolved int 2. Arta ng pith batwnan te diss metas ‘The wo similar metas maybe tly dierent alloys ~ suchas see and aluminum — bul are more ikaly to be rmiroscopc or macraseope metalurpca erences onthe surface of angle pve of tel Inthe care we wl ansiaee ealy-czroding sta, whens nar-unarm, Irtme above candtions exis ne folow ng reaction takes place atthe more acne Stes: two ran ons las our ree setronh Bem Prone be The ee eectrons rave hough the metal path tthe ess active sites, where the flowing reaction takes place: [oxygen gis converte io srygen on bycmbinng wih the our ea clecrons- whi combines with watt frm hye on +2870» 40 Recombinatans of hese ons ane aie surlaceprnduce the flowing reaction which vss the eon otresion radct ferrous nyronice rn eomanng wih onygen ane watarf for feraus Myron) 2Fe 02 + H20-> 2Fe OH “his reaton ss more common seseribes as ‘cir fw thraugh he waa frm he anode more ae sitet he catode las atve st HOW DOES CATHODIC PROTECTION STOP CORROSION? Cath pretation prevents corresion by converting alo the anos active sites onthe metal surface te (passive) ses by supplying electrical current (rr electors ram an aerate sowee. Usually stokes te form of gaianleanoues. wien ae mere va than steal This protice alsorefered e353 1S HERE! FLEMICLEAN, THE ULTRA-FAST AND EFFECTWE ROW TOOL FOR REMOVING MARINE GROWTH NENTS | OWS | CAREERS) LoG6CDIAS DOASALS@TICALIT | LOSaUT sos | sso WAY AHEAD INCORROSON CONTROL BIE] sna he son suace onyoen gas conecia le oxygen ons nich combine with wale form hs ons 302-126-9620 1204 ‘slong a the cuenta elcrane) aries a te eatnae ees fstr then cxyger i tring. ne corrosion il our FIGURE 1 Sacrificial anode system in seawater —— BASIC CONSIDERATIONS WHEN DESIGNING SACRIFICIAL ANODE SYSTEMS The sletrical trent an anode aseharges is controle by Ohms ta, whe is ern Curent flow amas = Dierence in pte between te anode and cathode vlts RR Totalcroutresstance nchms Inti caren wl bi high Because the dcenc in sot between te ane andcatode ae hgh ut a the poten ctfrencececrazee aus ta thefts ftns current ew ans i esthode ths surent gradu aeerea to polarzalin of he cathode, The ere resatance includes oth the warpath and the etl ph {abe rth eeu. Ths dominant vals hare is ne sistance of ha ara he seawate For mos ppieatons, he metal sistance so small compare the wale resistance tat it canbe ignores (althogh this snot ef sieds or long peas protected om bin ends. general eng th anedes have ower resistance ‘han shor fl anades. hey wil dscharge ore trent bat wil ol asta ong, ‘Theretore. a athotic protection aesigner must sie the anodes So that they have height shape and surface are a \Fssharge enough caren o protest he strurare and enough weight fo lat the deed ete when discharging ns The length of the anode determines how much cucent he anode can produce, and consequently how many square feet of stel canbe protected The crass section {waghtdeterrings haw lon the anode can sustain Ns eve of protection I MPRESSED-CURRENT CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEMS (ICCP ANODE SYSTEMS) Due othe hig eurrets nv in mony seawtereysems, tenet uncommon to Use inprases-curent systrns tht tse anodes of ays ICC? anodes] at arena: easiy@ss0;e8 nto metalic ions. TS causes an alerna ve reacon: he id cian 2 ne isa chloride ons Powers supped by ar externa DC power unt DEEPWATER HOW OO WE KNOW WHEN WE HAVE ENOUGH CAl veriythatther's enough cssent aly stopped Due ote nature FIGURE 3, rent by measuring ne 'srormal potentiate negative 4 2 Vand) L000 Vs. ai oct |— mesounces WAY AHEAD IN CORROSION CONTROL, Impressed-currentcathode-protacton system in ODIC PROTECTION? othe see 26 crn mum {0.800 pote rarely optimum, so designers yt aneve tet on Pe Seale