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Gas Insulated Switchgear

Substation

(Type of Substation)

(Air Insulated Substation :AIS)


(Gas Insulated Substation :GIS)

(Outdoor Substation)
(Indoor Substation)


(Air Insulated Substation : AIS)


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(Gas Insulated Substation :GIS)

(Enclosure) (SF6 )

Gas Insulated Substation (GIS)

Indoor GIS

Outdoor GIS

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AIS GIS
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GIS COMPONENTS
PRIMARYCOMPONENTS
1. ENCLOSURE
2. BUS BAR
3. CIRCUIT BREAKER
4. DISCONNECTING SWITCH
5. EARTHING SWITCH
6. CURRENT TRANSFORMER
7. VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER
8. BUSHING
9. TRANSFORMER TERMINATOR
10. SF6 GAS SYSTEM
11. MAINTENANCE

SECONDARY COMPONENTS
1. INTERLOCKING
2. GAS MONITORING
3. LOCAL CONTROLCUBICLE

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GIS COMPONENTS
VOLTAGE
TRANSFORMER

EARTHING
SWITCH

DISCONNECTING
SWITCH

CURRENT
TRANSFORMER

TRANSFORMER
TERMINATOR

CIRCUIT
BREAKER
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1. ENCLOSURE


SF6
ALLUMINIUM ALLOY STEEL

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2. BUSBAR
ALLUMINIUM
COPPER

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3. CIRCUIT BREAKER
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Faults
Rated voltage
72.5kV
Rated current
800 A
Rated breaking current
40kA
Rated breaking time
3 cycles
Lightning impulse
325kV
Power Frequence
140kV
Rated gas pressure
0.6 MPa
Method of operation
motor charged
spring
operation

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Interrupt current Circuit breaker


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4. Disconnecting Switch with Earthing Switch


Load
Rated voltage
(EDS) Rated current
Rated short-time current
Method of operation

72.5kV
800 A
40kA 1 sec
DS : motor
ES : manual

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5. EARTHING SWITCHES
Ground
Substation 2 High speed
Maintenance Earthing switch

High speed ES
Rated voltage
72.5kV
Rated short-time current 40kA 1 sec
Method of operation
Motor charged
spring operation

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Maintenance ES
Rated voltage
72.5kV
Rated current
800 A
Rated short-time current 40kA 1 sec
Method of operation
Manual

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6. CURRENT TRANSFORMER (C.T.)

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7. VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER (V.T. ,P.T. , CVT,CCVT)

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8. BUSHING

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9. OIL to GAS BUSHING

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10. LOCAL CONTROL CUBICLE (LCC)

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11. SF6 GAS SYSTEM

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SF6 GAS
SF6 Gas (SulphurHexafluoride)
1. , ,
2. 5
3.
4.
5.Dielectric strength 2.5
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Temperature characteristic of SF6 gas pressure

0.50MPa Locking

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SF6

The breakdown voltages


50 Hz
* 0.1MPa
nitrogen 2.5 3
* ~0.3MPa TR. oil

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SF6 GAS

GAS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCT


METAL FLUORIDES DECOMPOSITION
PRODUCT


SF6GAS

GREENHOUSE EFFECT

GAS

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MAINTENANCE TABLE

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Electrical Operation
189ER1

189R

152R

LOCAL/REMOTE

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Manual Operation
Earthing switch (189ER1)

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Operation

1. shutter open

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2. handle -
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Disconnecting Switch with Earthing (189R)

1
3

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operation

1. DS:close-open ES:open-earth
DS:close-open

ES:open-earth

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2. shutter

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3. handle

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Circuit Breaker 152R GCB

3
1

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Operation

1. charge or discharge
Discharge manual charge
spring

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2. handle

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3. close GCB ON

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Earthing Switch (189ER2)

3
2

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Operation
1.
2. handle
3.

3
3

handle
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