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INTRODUCTION Advertising is Only One Element of the Promotion Mix,

INTRODUCTION Advertising is Only One Element of the Promotion Mix,

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INTRODUCTION Advertising is only one element of the promotion mix, but it often considered prominent in the overall marketing

mix design. Its high visibility and pervasiveness made it as an important social and encomia topic in Indian society. Promotion may be defined as “the co-ordination of all seller initiated efforts to set up channels of information and persuasion to facilitate the scale of a good or service.” Promotion is most often intended to be a supporting component in a marketing mix. Promotion decision must be integrated and co-ordinated with the rest of the marketing mix, particularly product/brand decisions, so that it may effectively support an entire marketing mix strategy. The promotion mix consists of four basic elements. They are: 1. Advertising 2. Personal Selling 3. Sales Promotion 4. Publicity 1. Advertising is the dissemination of information by non-personal means through paid media where the source is the sponsoring organization. 2. Personal selling is the dissemination of information by non-personal methods, like face-to-face, contacts between audience and employees of the sponsoring organization. The source of information is the sponsoring organization. 3. Sales promotion is the dissemination of information through a wide variety of activities other than personal selling, advertising and publicity which stimulate consumer purchasing and dealer effectiveness 4. Publicity is the disseminating of information by personal or non-personal means and is not directly paid by the organization and the organization is not the source. DEFINITION OF ADVERTISING The word advertising originates from a Latin word advertise, which means to turn to. The dictionary meaning of the term is “to give public notice or to announce publicly”.

Advertising may be defined as the process of buying sponsor-identified media space or time in order to promote a product or an idea. The American Marketing Association, Chicago, has defined advertising as “any form of non-personal presentation or promotion of ideas, goods or services, by an identified sponsor.” What Advertisement Is? Advertisement is a mass communicating of information intended to persuade buyers to by products with a view to maximizing a company’s profits. The elements of advertising are: (i) It is a mass communication reaching a large group of consumers. (ii) It makes mass production possible. (iii) It is non-personal communication, for it is not delivered by an actual person, nor is it addressed to a specific person. (iv) It is a commercial communication because it is used to help assure the advertiser of a long business life with profitable sales. (v) Advertising can be economical, for it reaches large groups of people. This keeps the cost per message low. (vi) The communication is speedy, permitting an advertiser to speak to millions of buyers in a matter of a few hours. (vii) Advertising is identified communication. The advertiser signs his name to his advertisement for the purpose of publicizing his identity. What is Included in Advertising? (i) The information in an advertisement should benefit the buyers. It should give them a more satisfactory expenditure of their rupees. (ii) It should suggest better solutions to their problems (iii)The content of the advertisement is within the control of the advertiser, not the medium. (iv) Advertising without persuasion is ineffective. The advertisement that fails to influence anyone, either immediately or in the future is a waste of money. (v) The function of advertising is to increase the profitable sales volume. That is, advertising expenses should not increase disproportionately.

Advertising includes the following forms of messages: 1) Newspapers and magazines; ii) on radio and television broadcasts iii) Circular of all kinds, (whether distributed by mail, by person, thorough tradesmen, or by inserts in packages) iv) Dealer help materials v) Window display and counter – display materials and efforts vi) Store signs, motion pictures used for advertising vii) Novelties bearing advertising messages and Signature of the advertiser, v Label stags and other literature accompanying the merchandise.

Objectives Advertising is a form of promotion and like a promotion; the objectives of advertising should be specific. This requires that the target consumers should be specifically identified and that the effect which advertising is intended to have upon the consumer should be clearly indicated. The objectives of advertising were traditionally stated in terms of direct sales. Now, it is to view advertising as having communication objectives that seek to inform persuade and remind potential customers of the worth of product. The basic objectives of an advertising programme may be listed as below: (i) To stimulate sales amongst present, former and future consumers. It involves a decision regarding the media, e.g., TV rather than print; (ii) (iii) To communicate with consumers. To retain the loyalty of present and former consumers. Advertising may be used to reassure buyers that they have made the best purchase, thus building loyalty to the brand name or the firm. To increase support. Advertising impliedly bolsters the morale of the sales force and of distributors, wholesalers, and retailers, ; it thus contributes to enthusiasts and confidence attitude in the organizational. To project an image. Advertising is used to promote an overall image of respect and trust for an organization. This message is

(iv)

(v)

aimed not only at consumers, but also at the government, shareholders, and the general public. This involves decision regarding Importance of Advertising Generally, advertising is a relatively low-cost method of conveying selling messages to numerous prospective customers. It can secure leads for salesmen and middlemen by convincing readers to request more information and by identifying outlets handling the product. It can force middlemen to stock the product by building consumer interest. It can help train dealers salesmen in product uses and applications. It can build dealer and consumer confidence in the company and its products by building familiarity. Advertising is to stimulate market demand. While sometimes advertising alone may succeed in achieving buyer acceptance, preference, or even demand for the product, it is seldom solely relied upon. Advertising is efficiently used with at least one other sales method, such as personal selling or point-of-purchase display, to directly move customers to buying action. Advertising has become increasingly important to business enterprises – both large and small. Outlay on advertising certainly is the voucher. Advertising assumes real economic importance too. Advertising strategies that increase the number of units sold stimulate economies in the production process. The production cost per unit of output is lowered. It in turn leads to lower prices. Lower consumer prices then allow these products to become available to more people. Similarly, the price of newspapers, professional sports, radio and TV programmes, and the like might be prohibitive without advertising. In short, advertising pays for many of the enjoyable entertainment and educational aspects of contemporary life.

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