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are problem-solving
+ What

Problem-solving strategies is a cognitive processing where
a person does not see an obvious, direct solution to the
problem but finds a way to get to the solution. Problemsolving strategies are essential in every person’s life.
People use problem-solving strategies everyday whether it
is at school, work, or even personal life situations. A
person’s ability to solve a conflict or have great problemsolving strategies show an indication of how well the
student functions in the real world (or socially). Problemsolving strategies are critical for students to learn so that
they are able to apply it in their everyday life.

+ Who do they work

for? solving strategies works
for everybody.
 Students with Emotional
and Behavioral Disorders
 Students with Learning
 Students in General Ed
 Children
 Adults
 Everybody!

+Strategies &

I Can Problem Solve (ICPS): A strategy taught to
high-risk students ages 4-12. Teaches students
how to think and evaluate their own thoughts.
* Formally introduce the lesson in the
- Students should be introduced to the
strategy through vocabulary, games,
stories, etc.
- Students will practice identifying
feelings, others feelings, and practice
the problem solving skills within the
classroom setting.
* Have the interaction happen in the
* Integrate the lesson with the curriculum.
- Students will practice their problem
solving skills with their homework


Problem-Solving Strategies can be
found useful in all subjects. Every
subject may have different strategies
they may implement in the class:

Math: word problems, numeric,
algebra, geometry, etc.
Reading/Writing: writing a
paper, reading comprehension,
Science: scientific method,
research, chemical compounds,
History: understanding what
happened & why it happened.

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Alter, P., Brown, E., & Pyle, J. (2011). A strategy-based intervention to
math word problem-solving skills of students with emotional and
disorders. Education & Treatment Of Children, 34(4), 535-550.
BAYAZİT, İ. (2013). An investigation of problem solving approaches,
strategies, and models used by the 7th and 8th grade students
when solving
real-world problems. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 13(3),
1927. doi:10.12738/estp.2013.3.1419
Canter, A. (2004). A problem solving model for improving student
achievement. Principal Leadership Magazine, 5. Retrieved from
Özcan, C., Oflaz, F., Turkbay, T., & Freeman Clevenger, S. M. (2013).
effectiveness of an interpersonal cognitive problem-solving strategy