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 Retrofitting refers to

the addition of new
technology or features
to older systems.
 Seismic retrofitting is
the modification of
existing structures to
make
them
more
resistant to seismic
activity,
ground
motion, or soil failure
due to earthquakes.

An earthquake
(also known as a
quake, tremor or
temblor)is the
result of a
sudden release of
energy in the
Earths crust that
creates seismic
waves.

Seismic retrofit becomes necessary if it is shown that,
through a seismic performance evaluation, the building does
not meet minimum requirements up to the current building
and may suffer severe damage or even collapse during a
seismic event. Seismic retrofitting of buildings is a relatively
new activity for most structural engineers. The retrofitting of
a building requires an appreciation for the technical,
economic and social
aspects of the issue in hand.
Conventional upgrading techniques usually include the
addition and/or strengthening of existing walls, frames and
foundations.

 Public safety only. The goal is to protect human life,

ensuring that the structure will not collapse upon its
occupants and that the structure can be safely exited.
Under severe seismic conditions the structure may be a
total economic write-off, requiring tear-down and
replacement.
 Structure survivability. The goal is that the structure,
while remaining safe for exit, may require extensive repair
(but not replacement) before it is generally useful or
considered safe for occupation. This is typically the lowest
level of retrofit applied to bridges.
 Structure unaffected. This level of retrofit is preferred for
historic structures of high cultural significance.

 Conventional Strengthening Methods
 Retrofit of structures using innovative materials
 Base Isolation

 Supplemental Energy Dissipation and Structural Control

 This knowledge considers the retrofitting of buildings

vulnerable to earthquakes and briefly discuss about
the traditional, conventional and innovative methods
of seismic retrofitting.
 In conclusion it is hoped that the material presented
in this slides will be useful in understanding of the
earthquake engineering problems and of seismic
retrofitting