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Beijing National Stadium, officially the National Stadium[4] (pinyin: guójiā tǐyùchǎng), also

known as the Bird's Nest (鸟巢 Niǎocháo), is a stadium in Beijing, China. The stadium was
designed for use throughout the 2008 Summer Olympics and Paralympics.
Located at the Olympic Green, the stadium cost US428 million. The design was
awarded to a submission from the Swiss architecture firm Herzog & de Meuron in
April 2003 after a bidding process that included 13 final submissions. The design,
which originated from the study of Chinese ceramics, implemented steel beams in
order to hide supports for the retractable roof; giving the stadium the appearance of
a bird's nest. Leading Chinese artist Ai Weiwei was the artistic consultant on the
project.[5] The retractable roof was later removed from the design after inspiring the
stadium's most recognizable aspect. Ground was broken on 24 December 2003 and
the stadium officially opened on 28 June 2008. A shopping mall and a hotel are
planned to be constructed to increase use of the stadium, which has had trouble
attracting events, football and otherwise, after the Olympics