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Vector Quantization
input data: homogeneous distribution on a square

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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=0

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=1000

100 codebook vectors at t=2000

x2

x2

x2

x1
Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=4000

x2

100 codebook vectors at t=5000

x2

1
x1

1
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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=3000

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x2

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Vector Quantization
input data: homogeneous distribution on circular disc

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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=0

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=1000

100 codebook vectors at t=2000

x2

x2

x2

x1
Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=4000

x2

100 codebook vectors at t=5000

x2

1
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1
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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=3000

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Vector Quantization
input data: inhomogeneous distribution near borders

x2

1
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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=0

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=1000

100 codebook vectors at t=2000

x2

x2

x2

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=4000

100 codebook vectors at t=5000

x2

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1
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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=3000

x1

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x2

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input data: homogeneous distribution on curved strip

x2

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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=0

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=1000

100 codebook vectors at t=2000

x2

x2

x2

x1
Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

1
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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=4000

100 codebook vectors at t=5000

x2

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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=3000

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input data: homogeneous distribution on unit circle

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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=0

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=1000

100 codebook vectors at t=2000

x2

x2

x2

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

1
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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=3000

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=4000

100 codebook vectors at t=5000

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input data: inhomogeneous distribution near borders

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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=0

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=1000

100 codebook vectors at t=2000

x2

x2

x2

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

1
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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=3000

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=4000

100 codebook vectors at t=5000

x2

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x2

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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=0

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=1000

100 codebook vectors at t=2000

x2

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x2

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=3000

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=4000

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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=0

Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=1000

100 codebook vectors at t=2000

x2

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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

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Vector Quantization, learning rate = 0.5

100 codebook vectors at t=3000

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Vector Quantization

SelfOrganizing Map, sigma=0.1, eta=0.5

input data: homogeneous distribution on curved strip

SelfOrganizing Map, sigma=0.3, eta=0.5

400 codebook vectors at t=20000

400 codebook vectors at t=20000

x2

x2

x2

x1
SelfOrganizing Map, sigma=0.5, eta=0.5

SelfOrganizing Map, sigma=0.9, eta=0.5

400 codebook vectors at t=20000

x2

400 codebook vectors at t=20000

x2

x2

x1
SelfOrganizing Map, sigma=1.1, eta=0.5

SelfOrganizing Map, sigma=1.5, eta=0.5

400 codebook vectors at t=20000

x2

400 codebook vectors at t=20000

x2

1
x1

1
x1

SelfOrganizing Map, sigma=1.3, eta=0.5

400 codebook vectors at t=20000

1
x1

1
x1

SelfOrganizing Map, sigma=0.7, eta=0.5

400 codebook vectors at t=20000

1
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Vector Quantization
input data: homogeneous distribution on curved strip

x2

1
x1
SOM, sigma=1.5, eta(t)=const (tau=10, eta(0)=0.5)

SOM, sigma=1.5, eta(t)=1/t (tau=10, eta(0)=0.5)

400 codebook vectors at t=20000

SOM, sigma=1.5, eta(t)=1/t*t (tau=10, eta(0)=0.5)

400 codebook vectors at t=20000

400 codebook vectors at t=20000

x2

x2

1
x1

x2

x1

x1

SOM, sigma=1.5, eta(t)=expon (tau=10, eta(0)=0.5)


400 codebook vectors at t=20000

x2

1
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