AP World History Objective Mid-term Exam

Social Studies Department 2009-2010

Midterm Exam Instructions
Please read the following questions very carefully. Do not make any markings on the exam and use a # 2 pencil to bubble the correct answer on the provided scantron card. Good Luck!!!

AP World History Objective Mid-term Exam 1. The development, transmission, and transformation of cultural practices and events are the subject of A. history. B. culture. C. religion. D. science. E. the humanities. 2. The earliest transition to agriculture was A. in the Mediterranean. B. in the Middle East. C. in Asia. D. in Africa. E. in the Americas. 3. Which of the following civilizations is incorrectly matched with the area they settled? A. Egyptians-Nile B. Shang-Indus C. Sumerians-Tigris-Euphrates D. Babylonians-Tigris-Euphrates E. Aryans-Ganges 4. Early societies developed civilizations in the floodplains of great rivers because the rivers and floodplains provided A. fertile silt and water for agriculture. B. a cheap form of long-distance transportation. C. a route for barge traffic. D. a “natural compass.” E. spawning grounds for fish. 5. Mesopotamian gods were anthropomorphic, that is, they A. were divine and perfect beings. B. took form as the elements of nature. C. appeared in the bodies of kings while on earth. D. were humanlike in form and conduct. E. were omniscient. 6. Women played a major role in the transition to crop cultivation because A. they were the primary gatherers of wild plant foods. B. only women lived very long in farming settlements. C. women were unsuited for heavier work. D. it’s easy to do agriculture and raise children at the same time. E. since women did the cooking it was natural for them to grow the plants. 7. Agriculture in Mesopotamia depended on A. the introduction of wheat crops. B. large numbers of animals for fertilizer. C. artificial canals and irrigation. D. the region’s high annual rainfall. E. a highly motivated workforce.

8. All of the following monuments are correctly matched with the civilization except: A. Ziggurats-Sumerians B. Hanging Gardens-Shang C. Pyramids-Egyptians D. All of the above are correctly matched, there are no exceptions E. None of the above are correctly matched 9. The term city-state refers to A. an urban center and the agricultural hinterlands it controlled. B. an association of mutually dependent cities. C. the political institution that ruled over ancient kingdoms. D. a large city surrounded by a protective wall. E. any number of small states which engaged in long-distance trade. 10. The Babylonian leader Hammurabi is best known for his A. expansion of the Mesopotamian economy. B. religious reforms. C. physical strength. D. law code. E. modern political organization. 11. Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus Valley civilizations were all A. wiped out by a huge drought. B. derived from an earlier, as yet undiscovered, “watershed” civilization. C. based on beer brewing and female labor. D. made possible by large agricultural surpluses. E. based upon fertile floodplains and river valleys. 12. The crops of China vary by region, A. wheat and millet in the north and rice in the south. B. yams in the south and rice in the north. C. barley in the east and hops in the west. D. barley in the south and rice in the north. E. millet in the north and beans in the south. 13. During the Shang period, ancestor worship became important because A. it determined the social structure. B. it allowed people to claim specific inheritance of property. C. matrilineal descent was important for fertility. D. ancestors had special influence with the gods. E. ancestors were necessary to ensure the birth of male children. 14. The Chinese acquired silk by A. encouraging Chinese “silk pirates” who raided merchant shipping. B. importing raw silk from Europe. C. conquest of the neighboring Mongol regions. D. hiring Japanese labor to work in textile mills. E. raising silk worms, and pioneering silk cloth production. 15. The Mandate of Heaven meant that the ruler retained the right to rule as long as

AP World History Objective Mid-term Exam A. he produced a male heir. B. he remained the strongest in the kingdom. C. he performed the correct ritual sacrifices. D. he kept the loyalty of the military. E. he remained a wise and principled guardian of his people. 16. What does the practice of feng shui accomplish? A. It is a term for “Divine Judgement,” a kind of karmic response from Heaven. B. It scares away ghosts of the ancestors. C. It is part of the process in silk production. D. It orients buildings in harmony with the heavens. E. It is a treatment in traditional Chinese medicine. 17. The concept of yin and yang represented the complementary nature of A. warrior and emperor in times of trouble. B. male and female roles in the natural order. C. religion and the state to Chinese society. D. the wisdom of age and strength of youth. E. good and evil in Chinese morality. 18. The fundamental idea of Daoism can be summarized as: A. Emphasizing aggressive action and radical change. B. Unquestioning obedience to authority, and reverence for structure brings success. C. Emphasizing communal action to promote the betterment of society. D. Accepting the world as you find it, avoiding useless struggles, and adhering to the “path” of nature. E. Technological and social progress can solve all social ills. 19. The Chinese political system which relied primarily on strict laws and punishments in order to compel the people to behave is called A. Daoism. B. Legalism. C. Confucianism. D. Moism. E. Rationalism 20. Which of the following is not one of the advantages of iron over bronze? A. Iron is easier to obtain. B. There are many potential sources of iron ore. C. Iron is more decorative. D. Iron is a single metal. E. Iron has a harder edge. 21. After the Middle Kingdom, Egypt came under foreign domination for the first time under the A. Hittites. B. Hebrews. C. Hyksos. D. Hansa. E. Huns. 22. The pharaoh Tutankhamun is most famous A. for making Egypt into an aggressive world power.

B. because he ended the Akhenaten reforms. C. being the pharaoh who freed the Hebrews from slavery. D. as being the only ruler defeated by a foreign army. E. for the discovery by archaeologists of his wealthy tomb. 23. The Minoan civilization was established in A. the island of Malta. B. southwestern Macedonia. C. southern Greece. D. the hills of Anatolia. E. the island of Crete. 24. Although Minoan writing is undeciphered, Minoan artifacts indicate that A. they disliked goods from other lands. B. they came from Anatolia. C. most Minoans were illiterate. D. they had widespread trade connections. E. they were completely isolated from the Mediterranean world. 25. The Minoan civilization collapsed around A. 1850 B.C.E. B. 1450 B.C.E. C. 1050 B.C.E. D. 850 B.C.E. E. 350 B.C.E. 26. What did German businessman Heinrich Schleiman find in 1876? A. the evidence of the Mycenaean civilization B. the evidence of the Minoan civilization C. the evidence of Sumerian civilization D. the tomb of Pharoah Akhenaten E. the acropolis in Greece 27. The rise of Mycenaean civilization can be explained primarily through cultural influence from A. Egypt. B. Anatolia. C. Crete. D. Syria. E. Macedonia. 28. The myths and literary practices of the Mycenaeans may be traced in A. The Epic of Gilgamesh. B. Homer’s Iliad. C. Virgil’s Aeneid. D. The Secret History of Mycenae. E. Hesiod’s Works and Days. 29. Long distance contact in the Mediterranean lands was based on A. camel caravans. B. sailing.

AP World History Objective Mid-term Exam C. the invention of the chariot. D. the marathon runner. E. horses. 30. Early Greek cultural unity can best be explained by A. the sharing of a common religious system. B. extensive contacts and commerce between kingdoms. C. political unity between different groups. D. the common origin of all Greek peoples. E. the imperial control of the Minoans over the region. 31. Hebrew is a A. Indo-European language. B. Altaic language. C. Slavic language. D. Semitic language. E. Bantu language. 32. The Judeo-Christian story begins with the A. Ten Commandments. B. Crucifixion of Jesus. C. Passover. D. Exodus from Egypt. E. recollections of the journey of Abraham. 33. The Phoenicians developed a system of writing based on A. Turkish writing. B. Mesopotamian cuneiform. C. later Egyptian hieroglyphics. D. pictograms, which were similar to Chinese writing. E. an alphabet, where each symbol represented a sound. 34. The king responsible for unifying Iran was A. Darius. B. Herodotus. C. Cambyses. D. Cyrus. E. Xerxes. 35. Though Greek sources depict Persian women as political pawns; recent findings suggest that Persian women of the elite class A. wrote the great works of Persian literature. B. owned property and had political influence. C. were completely submissive. D. were responsible for religious festivals. E. managed the textile and marble cutting industry. 36. What did Greek farmers find grew in the dry environment of Greece? A. olive trees , grape vines, and barley B. melons, figs, and dates C. grapes, dates, and jujubees

D. wheat, barley, and oats E. barley, dates, and grapes 37. The Greeks viewed the sea as A. the holiest place for burial. B. an important “connector.” C. a vast wet desert to be feared. D. an insurmountable “barrier.” E. sacred. 38. Information about ancient Israel can be found in the A. Rig Veda. B. Rosetta Stone. C. Chronicles of Abraham. D. Poems of Saul. E. Hebrew Bible. 39. From the pots discovered, historians conclude that Greek trade included A. wheat and olives. B. beer and rice. C. wine and olive oil. D. rum and molasses. E. oil and spices. 40. The synagogue was important because it gave Jews A. a political and religious refuge during the diaspora. B. a means to form a monotheistic religion. C. an institution to maintain their culture outside the homeland. D. a place to store their religious texts. E. lodging during long trips. 41. The Greek Dark Age was a period of A. poverty, isolation, and depopulation. B. dark atmospheric conditions due to the eruptions of Mount Vesuvius. C. commercial growth due to the use of dark color dyes in fabric. D. intellectual and commercial vitality. E. freqeunt disruption due to invasions. 42. The distinctive features of the polis were an acropolis and an agora. Acropolis and agora mean A. “palace” and “wild lands” B. “city center” and “farmland.” C. “granary” and “hospital.” D. a “hilltop refuge” and a market or “gathering place.” E. “military forts” and “schools.” 43. An oligarchy is a society where A. a monarch has total control. B. all landowners participate politically. C. a hereditary elite controls the power. D. the wealthy members of society have political power.

AP World History Objective Mid-term Exam E. all adult males are allowed to vote. 44. The Greek concept of democracy included political participation of A. both men and women. B. all Greeks. C. military officers only. D. a council of priests. E. all free, native-born, adult males. 45. The three great Greek classical philosophers are A. Eurypides, Pericles, and Darius. B. Diogenes, Euclid, and Ptolemy. C. Aeneid, Antigone, and Aristophanes. D. Achilles, Hippocrates, and Sappho. E. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. 46. How does the Peloponnesian War reveal an inherent flaw in Greek society? A. The poor in Greece suffered more severe hardship than in other world societies. B. The Greeks refused to abandon their policy of nonviolence. C. The hoplites were unreliable because of their exclusion from politics. D. The rivalry between helots and hoplites caused a break down of democracy. E. The independent polis fostered rivalry and mistrust among neighbors. 47. When Alexander the Great died, his vast empire A. fragmented into many separate states. B. was conquered by Indians from the Indus River. C. reverted to its former Persian rulers. D. was broken up into three Macedonian dynasties. E. continued to be administered as a unified entity by his successors. 48. The greatest of the cities of the Hellenistic Age is A. Rome. B. Athens. C. Delhi. D. Susa. E. Alexandria. 49. The growth of the Roman State was based on all of the following natural resources of Italy except A. navigable rivers and fertile soil. B. timber and metals. C. a large human population. D. ample, arable land. E. regular rainfall from the monsoons. 50. The economic wealth of the early Roman State was based on A. mining. B. the military. C. mercantilism. D. fishing. E. farming.

51. The Roman Republic was not a true democracy; it was ruled by A. noble administrators. B. several assemblies of wealthy male citizens. C. the military. D. an emperor. E. quasi-democratic institutions. 52. Which statement is true about Roman women? A. They exercised influence over husbands and sons. B. They were required to provide ten years military service. C. They were equal to Roman men. D. They were powerless and virtually slaves in their own homes. E. They had no say in family matters. 53. The family was the basic unit of Roman society under the authority of A. the clan leader. B. the paterfamilias. C. the materfamilias. D. the first born. E. the emperor. 54. How did the Romans view the natural world? A. as a body of natural laws understandable by humans B. as a shadow world of paradise C. they were monotheistic and believed that God created the natural world D. as filled with numerous invisible shapeless forces called numina E. like a cosmic credit and debit sheet where one’s actions determined one’s destiny 55. One key to the Romans’ success in winning the loyalty of all Italy was A. making allies instead of war. B. that there were no strong opponents to overcome. C. that their consuls were lifetime leaders. D. the practice of enslaving their fiercest opponents. E. granting Roman citizenship to conquered peoples. 56. Why was becoming Christian considered an act of disloyalty in the Roman Empire? A. Rome had a strong monotheistic tradition. B. Rome required all citizens to learn about all the world religions. C. Christian theology demanded that all people live in a Christian utopia. D. Christians could not worship the emperor as a deity. E. One of Christianity’s tenets (beliefs) was to overthrow dictators. 57. In addition to agriculture, a fundamental resource of China was A. the annual monsoons. B. universal literacy. C. access to three warm-water ports. D. human labor. E. gold.

AP World History Objective Mid-term Exam 58. Because of the influence of Confucian ethics, Chinese values emphasized A. wealth and business ownership. B. obedience and proper conduct. C. the obligation of the rich to care for the poor. D. independence of children. E. rugged individualism. 59. It was customary for young brides in China to A. continue their educations after marriage. B. play a public role in their village. C. marry for love. D. live with their husbands’ families. E. take over family leadership from their mothers in law. 60. The important Han innovations include the development of A. the saddle, penicillin, and bronze. B. the wheel, the stirrup, and the pully. C. alcohol, the wheel, and glass. D. the horse collar, watermill, and crossbow. E. the canal, the three field system, and concrete. 61. Northern India is bordered by the A. Caspian Sea. B. Deccan Plateau. C. Gobi Desert. D. Himalayas. E. Ganges Plain. 62. Three harvests each year have been possible in some parts of India because of A. high rainfall from the monsoons. B. the construction of aqueducts for irrigation. C. the volcanic nature of the Indian soil. D. the conservative crops grown in India. E. traditionally advanced agricultural techniques. 63. The varna system developed in order to create A. a trained army of citizen soldiers. B. a uniform legal code in India. C. an integrated economic system to aid merchants. D. standardized religious beliefs. E. social order between groups. 64. The class and caste systems in India were connected to A. intervention by external invaders. B. a mystical dream of the Indian emperor. C. a widespread belief in reincarnation. D. the manipulations of the government. E. purely economic concerns. 65. The reincarnation of the atman into a given class depends on

A. karma or deeds in life. B. physical strength. C. place within the caste system. D. economic standing in society. E. divine grace. 66. Siddhartha Gautama articulated the “Four Noble Truths,” which taught that A. humanity is sinful by nature. B. the meaning of life can be understood by worshipping a plethora of gods and deities. C. life is suffering, and suffering is caused by desire. D. life is mystical and ephemeral. E. the worship of god if the highest calling of man. 67. The ultimate spiritual reward in Buddhism is A. nirvana. B. union with the gods. C. everlasting life in heaven. D. material wealth. E. union with the ancestors. 68. The Gupta Empire collapsed in 550 C.E. A. after invasions by the Huns of Central Asia. B. due to overspending on temple construction. C. when the Emperor Gupta was charged with corruption. D. when popular sovereignty became the will of the people. E. when the Mandate of Heaven signaled the end of the dynasty. 69. The Silk Road was a trade route connecting A. China and the Middle East. B. China and Japan. C. India and Central Asia. D. Russia and Indonesia. E. India and the Mediterranean. 70. Among the products that China exported along the Silk Road were A. slaves, mahogany, and plums. B. cotton, yams, and bananas. C. camphor, lamps, and rugs. D. silk, pottery, spices, and paper. E. timber, ivory, and myrrh. 71. The most important African network of cultural exchange can be described as A. the Indian Ocean network. B. taking place only in North Africa. C. the trade across the Sahara. D. mainly internal folk migrations within sub-Saharan Africa. E. the link with Islamic Arabia. 72. The most convincing evidence indicates that camels were introduced to the Sahara from A. West Africa.

AP World History Objective Mid-term Exam B. North Africa and the Mediterranean coast. C. Arabia. D. India, via the Indian Ocean trade. E. they used camels indigenous to the area. 73. The Silk Road and Indian Ocean trade fostered the spread of which religion? A. Buddhism B. Shinto C. Judaism D. Jainism E. Sikhism 74. Northern India is bordered by A. Caspian Sea. B. Deccan Plateau. C. Gobi Desert. D. Himalayas. E. Ganges Plain. 75. The division of the Muslim community grew because some believed that A. Ali was the legitimate religious leader after Muhammad. B. Allah was the only god. C. there should be no separation between church and state. D. the Arab world should focus on developing the Middle East. E. the enslavement of the Christians was heresy. 76. What are the names of the two sects of Islam that resulted from the division of the Muslim community? A. Sunni and Shi’a B. Sunni and Ka’ba C. Zoroastrian and Carmelite D. Sunni and Mobad E. Shi’a and Mobad 77. The Sasanid Empire was centered in the area that is present-day A. Lebanon. B. Iran. C. India D. Egypt. E. Afghanistan. 78. Mecca is an important city because it A. is abundantly watered and needs no irrigation for crops. B. is a caravan city and pilgrimage site of the Ka’ba. C. is the rival city to Jerusalem. D. has an unusually cold climate in the Arabian peninsula. E. is the birthplace of Abraham. 79. Muhammad conceived Islam after A. many years of religious study in the mosque.

B. experiencing revelations. C. being possessed by a shaitan. D. reading the Bible. E. dreaming about Ishmael from the Old Testament. 80. Muslim means A. first followers. B. chosen for purity. C. the one true religion. D. holy people. E. one who makes submission. 81. Islam means A. the Chosen People. B. the one true religion. C. surrender to the will of God. D. the true belief. E. leader of God’s people. 82. Muhammad’s teachings seem to be in agreement with A. Judaism and Christianity. B. Judaism and Buddhism. C. Judaism and Manichaeism. D. Judaism and Zoroastrianism. E. Judaism and Hinduism. 83. Muhammad’s revelations from the Angel are compiled in a book called A. the Revelations. B. the Ka’ba. C. the Third Testament. D. the Hadith. E. the Quran. 84. The decline of the Umayyad dynasty was due to A. lack of a competent heir. B. growing unrest among non-Arab Muslims who demanded access to political power. C. scandals involving the morality of the caliphs. D. a peasant revolt over increases in taxes and decreases in wages. E. the arrival of a Jewish messiah. 85. Conversion to Islam was primarily a result of A. a desire to escape taxes on non-Muslims. B. gradually learning about Islam. C. a way to escape certain death. D. the lack of a pre-existing religious system. E. dissatisfaction with Christianity. 86. Which of the following statements about Muslim women is not true? A. They adopted the Byzantine and Sasanid custom of veiling. B. They were permitted to divorce.

AP World History Objective Mid-term Exam C. They often played a role in public life. D. They were permitted to own property. E. They were permitted to practice birth control. 87. Which of the following was not occurring in Europe by the year 1200? A. Western Europe was demonstrating military strength. B. Byzantium was showing military weakness. C. Muslim invaders were making serious inroads into Western Europe. D. Byzantium was in decline. E. Western Europe was showing new vitality. 88. Schisms, the foremost threat to the Christian church in the Middle Ages, were A. formal divisions over differences in doctrine. B. disagreements between kings and church leaders. C. arguments between local priests and the pope. D. disputes between bishops concerning church lands. E. disagreements between priests and lay followers. 89. How did the Byzantines differ from their western counterparts? A. They were mostly pagans. B. They dominated trade in the Mediterranean. C. They were a completely secular society. D. They continued the pattern of Roman rule. E. Unlike in the West, they suffered no challenges to Church orthodoxy or organization. 90. By the end of the twelfth century, the Byzantine Empire had lost a great deal of territory to A. the Parthian Empire of Persia. B. Muslim invaders from the Arabian peninsula. C. Turkic armies from the Central Asian steppes. D. the Mughal Empire of Afghanistan. E. Roman Catholic crusaders from the West. 91. The sixth century “plague of Justinian” was A. the moral decay and social class struggle in the empire. B. the death and destruction caused by Justinian’s marauding armies. C. an economic crisis caused by the emperor’s economic policies. D. a further divide between the Western and Eastern Church. E. an outbreak of Bubonic Plague during Justinian’s rule. 92. In the seventh century, the Byzantines experienced an economic transformation similar to, though less pronounced than, Western Europe. This was evinced by all of the following, except A. the rapid growth of the merchant class B. power held by families began to rival power from class-based office holding C. the disappearance of the traditional urban class D. some cities declined in wealth and population E. the replacement of the barter system by a money-based economy 93. After the seventh century, Byzantine women A. were only permitted to be seen in public with male chaperones. B. were increasingly confined to home life.

C. were no longer allowed to serve as religious leaders. D. won increased rights to property and inheritance. E. began to officially rule the empire. 94. Among Byzantine cultural achievements is/are A. their shipbuilding and epics about the wars of the Mediterranean Sea. B. their architectural tradition and cyrillic writing. C. their prominence in preserving Greek and Roman texts. D. their revival of the Olympic games. E. their traditional music and dance. 95. In general, which of the following did not occur during Europe’s transformation at the decline of Roman authority? A. There was increasing political fragmentation. B. The city of Rome lost its prominence as the seat of the Roman Church. C. The population depended on local strongmen rather than on monarchs. D. Roman traditions were replaced with family-based German traditions. E. A legal framework disappeared. 96. After the fall of Rome in the fifth century, the western Roman Empire A. reasserted Roman rule. B. fragmented into a handful of Germanic kingdoms. C. became known as the Byzantine Empire. D. fell under the control of Constantine. E. had no powerful rulers or authority. 97. The decline of the Roman Empire resulted in the development of linguistic zones of A. Indo-European, Latin, and Asian languages. B. Romance, Germanic, and Slavic languages. C. Latin, Greek, and English languages. D. Germanic, Semitic, and Celtic dialects. E. Latin, Germanic, and Afro-Asian languages.

98. What Scandinavian raiders built kingdoms in Iceland, Greenland, and Vinland? A. Muslims B. Franks C. Visigoths D. Vikings E. Ostrogoths 99. The primary centers for agricultural production were A. communal property under village control. B. scattered farms owned by the regional nobility. C. small farms owned by those who worked on them. D. owned and controlled by the church. E. self-sufficient farming estates known as manors.

AP World History Objective Mid-term Exam 100. Agricultural workers who belonged to the manor and were obligated to the lord were A. bailiffs. B. mobads. C. satraps. D. sheriffs. E. serfs. 101. Why is the traditional description of Europe from 300 to 1200 as “feudal” an oversimplification? A. The relations between landowners and serfs varied from region to region. B. Feudalism didn’t begin until 1300. C. Scholars now know that “feudalism” as such never really existed. D. The social structure of the Germanic peoples emphasized loyalty to the pope. E. Most of the old Roman system continued, particularly in France. 102. As time went on, armored knighthood A. required permission of the king and the church. B. was limited to those with revenue from land. C. continued only in areas with a free peasantry. D. was taught to all citizens. E. was restricted to those with hereditary titles. 103. A feudum, or fief, was A. any small and independent kingdom. B. any estate governed by a hereditary lord. C. a Germanic peasant. D. a grant of land exchanged for military service. E. a small nonhereditary manor. 104. Which of the following is not one of the ways that medieval noblewomen participated in feudal society? A. They could own and inherit property. B. They were viewed as valued property by their families. C. They often ran their husband’s estates. D. They became enmeshed in the tangle of feudal obligations. E. They could choose their own marriage partners. 105. After the 10th century the Roman Catholic Church faced all of the following challenges except A. residual pagan practices such as the worship of rivers, trees, and mountains. B. shortages of trained clergy. C. disagreements over Church regulations. D. getting the office of pope more acknowledged internationally. E. continued infractions of the rules against clergy marrying. 106. The term investiture controversy refers to the A. amount of power local priests were allowed. B. struggle for control of ecclesiastical appointments. C. conflict over choosing new popes. D. issue of whether a noble could marry a commoner. E. debate over how to invest Church funds.

107. Which of the following were not generally among the responsibilities of monasteries and convents? A. providing refuge for widows and abandoned women and children B. providing a place for contemplation and the religious life. C. planting Christianity in new lands D. scientific experimentation and inquiry E. servicing the needs of travelers 108. The most important impact of monasticism was its contribution of A. educating children. B. communal living and prayer. C. the new hierarchy it imposed on the church. D. a religious warrior class. E. converting populations and preserving ancient works. 109. One early Russian chronicle reports that Vladimir I chose Orthodox Christianity over Islam because A. he got special dispensation from the Pope to marry two wives. B. he was a great art lover, and in his view Islam had no beautiful religious buildings. C. he knew that Islam forbade alcohol consumption. D. he felt that Islam was more appropriate to nomadic peoples. E. he felt that a relationship with Islam would do nothing to promote trade. 110. During the revival of Western Europe (1000-1200), the population nearly doubled because of A. the introduction of rice (from Arab lands) to the diet. B. papal edicts to encourage increased birth rates. C. technological innovations such as a new type of plow and efficient draft harnesses for pulling wagons. D. the abolition of the death penalty for debtors across Europe. E. the Christian Crusades. 111. Which of the following is not responsible for the success of many cities in Italy and Flanders? A. They specialized in trade and manufacturing. B. They were independent rather than controlled by feudal lords. C. They passed laws making serfs free once they came to the city. D. They had more abundant coinage. E. They controlled extensive agricultural lands. 112. Which of the following is not true about the Crusades? A. Prior to the Crusades, Muslim leaders generally protected Christian pilgrims. B. Economic forces such as the desire to increase trade and land hunger were contributing factors. C. They were a series of religiously inspired campaigns. D. The Pope promised atonement from sins for the Crusaders. E. The Crusades were successful. 113. As a result of the Crusades, Europeans were exposed to all of the following except A. original thought-provoking works by Arab and Iranian writers B. pasta, paper, and refined sugar C. Access to a variety of classical Latin works, particularly those of Aristotle, heretofore unknown in Western Europe D. hard soap and colored glass E. Arabic translations of ancient Greek science and philosophy

AP World History Objective Mid-term Exam 114. Which empire reunited China in the sixth century? A. Mongol B. Sui C. Ming D. Tang E. Qin 115. During the centuries of disunity, what philosophy began to exert influence? A. Judaism B. Shintoism C. Taoism D. Islam E. Buddhism 116. To facilitate communication and trade between North China and South China, the Sui built the A. Trans China Relay System. B. Great Wall. C. Yangtze River Highway. D. Great Qin Highway. E. Grand Canal. 117. What was the political influence of Buddhism in the Tang Empire? A. It taught strict obedience to a hierarchy. B. It encouraged the leader to weld the people into a harmonious society. C. It taught them tolerance for all peoples. D. It taught oneness with nature. E. It taught that the king was descended from a god. 118. The Tang Empire is considered “cosmopolitan” because A. government fully supported artists, musicians, and dancers. B. it mixed styles, goods, and cultures from every part of Asia. C. there was social equality. D. public education was mandatory. E. the peasants were mandated to live in the cities. 119. Chang’an was important because it A. was the name of the Buddhist temple in Tibet. B. was the name of the last Tang emperor. C. was the source of smallpox. D. was the hub of Tang communications. E. was the Japanese capital. 120. The tributary system was a practice in which A. the emperor traveled to foreign countries to pledge his allegiance to them. B. the emperor made an annual trip down the Grand Canal. C. the emperor made a pilgrimage to please the gods and the ancient ancestors. D. countries acknowledged the supremacy of the Chinese emperor. E. China built new canals for transportation and irrigation. 121. Chinese maritime innovations included

A. carrier pigeons and cannon. B. lateen sails and astrolabes. C. gunboats and maps. D. the bulwark and jute rope. E. compasses and large oceangoing ships. 122. One impact that the sea trade had on China was the A. transmission of ideographic writing. B. transmission of the plague. C. introduction of wheat into the diet. D. expansion of the slave trade. E. transmission of papermaking. 123. Of the many things that Central Asia and the Islamic world introduced to China which of the following was not among them? A. cotton replaced hemp as the most popular textile B. gunpowder C. grape wine, sugar, and spices D. the popularity of pants E. the game of polo 124. The Tang dominated world trade markets. They were the sole suppliers of which product? A. wine B. tea C. opium D. cotton E. porcelain 125. The most serious rivals to the Tang Empire were the A. Russians and Korea. B. Uigurs and Tibet. C. Mongols and the Berbers. D. Arabs and Japan. E. Vikings and the Huns. 126. The original Turkish homeland is A. Greece B. Persia C. Anatolia D. Northern Mongolia E. Korea 127. The Uigurs excelled as A. weavers and rug makers. B. scholars and bureaucrats. C. sailors and shipbuilders. D. merchants and scribes. E. soldiers and spies. 128. The decline of the Tang Empire occurred when A. the Yellow River flooded and destroyed all of the good farmland.

AP World History Objective Mid-term Exam B. the Grand Canal silted up and the government couldn’t afford to dredge it. C. political decay and military decline undermined the social order. D. plague swept the capital. E. earthquakes and tidal waves destroyed coastal cities. 129. After Tibetan government attempts to eliminate the influence of monasteries, Tibetan Buddhists responded by A. preaching the doctrine of passive resistance. B. committing mass suicide. C. assassinating the king and controlling the Tibetan royal family. D. calling on Buddhists in China for help. E. destroying the capital and burning the palace. 130. Who did the Tang blame most for growing instability in the Empire? A. Confucians B. Muslims C. Christians D. Buddhists E. Daoists 131. After the decline of the Tang Empire, the states that emerged were A. Qin, Han, and Yuan. B. Liao, Song, and Tanggut. C. Mongolia, Manchuri,a and Koryo. D. Turkmenistan, Guanjo, and Siam. E. Jurchen, Manchuria, and Siberia. 132. Historians state that the Song technological innovations led the Song to A. abandon Confucianism as incompatible with industry. B. coming closest to having an industrial revolution. C. constant warfare due to competition for resources. D. widespread pollution and destruction of Song society. E. abandon their traditional work ethic. 133. Chinese transportation innovations included what Song invention or improvement? A. the astrolabe B. caravel design C. compass design D. the horse cart E. the sextant 134. Which are important technological innovations of the Song Empire? A. stern-mounted rudder, high-quality steel, and gunpowder B. silk, the saddle, and printing press C. battering ram, chariot, and lateen sail D. clock, paper, and the cure for the Plague E. astrolabe, horse collar, and the crossbow 135. Which of the following cannot be said about Zhu Xi’s Neo-Confucianism? A. The ideal human is the sage. B. The ideal human is the warrior.

C. It emphasizes individual moral and social responsibility D. It asserts that man is naturally good E. It developed as a reaction to many centuries of Buddhist and Daoist intellectual dominance. 136. Some Buddhists drew upon Indian and Tibetan folk practice and created a meditative practice known as A. Chan or Zen Buddhism. B. kung fu. C. pranayama. D. yoga. E. Ju Duo. 137. According to the Neo-Confucianist, the ideal person is the A. soldier. B. simple peasant. C. merchant. D. monk. E. sage. 138. By instituting civil service examinations for entrance into the government bureaucracy, the Song A. severely limited its ability to get competent civil servants. B. tried to limit the number of civil servants. C. recruited the most talented men for government service. D. drove the most talented people out of the country. E. ensured that only the wealthy elite would retain positions of power.

139. Which of the following did not occur in China due to the development of movable type and the availability of printed material? A. It led to the adaptation of iron plows and rakes for wet-rice cultivation. B. It gave people access to information of planting and irrigation. C. It spread information on how to prevent diseases D. It furthered the development of new agricultural land in the south. E. It helped spread subversive ideas and caused a number of rebellions—just as printing would in the West in the 16th century. 140. As prosperity and population increased in Song China, Chinese officials A. suppressed personal freedom and wealth. B. began to expand its territory and settle people in the newly acquired lands. C. invented birth control methods to control population growth. D. developed water, waste management, and fire fighting techniques. E. sent its people to fight wars in foreign lands as a population release valve. 141. The Song system of credit was based on guarantees that paper money could be redeemed for coinage. This was called

AP World History Objective Mid-term Exam A. “flying money.” B. “paper tiger.” C. “dollar dragon.” D. “mercantilism.” E. “xinming.” 142. During the Song period, women experienced subordination and social restriction epitomized by A. loss of custody of their children after divorce. B. a decrease in voting rights. C. veiling. D. widow-burning. E. footbinding. 143. Confucianism spread to East Asia with the spread of A. the Chinese writing system. B. the Mongols. C. the bubonic plague. D. Daoism. E. the slavery. 144. In the early tenth century, Korea was united under which dynasty? A. Han B. Paekche C. Pyongyong D. Shilla E. Koryo

145. Which of the following Chinese technologies were not among those borrowed by the Koreans to make editions of Buddhist texts? A. ink making B. the Chinese writing system C. moveable type D. woodblock printing E. paper making 146. Which of the following Chinese customs did the Japanese choose not to implement? A. Japan implemented Confucian legal code. B. Japan showed a strong interest in the study of Buddhism. C. Japan built walls around its cities for protection. D. Japan mastered Chinese architectural styles. E. Japan implemented Confucian-style central government. 147. Japanese emperors A. came from constantly changing lineages. B. required the Mandate of Heaven to maintain power. C. maintained tight political control.

D. were never female. E. seldom wielded any real political power. 148. Why did the Fujiwara family of Heian Japan choose to entrust responsibility for local government to their warriors? A. They did not have enough power to do it themselves. B. They preferred aesthetic pursuits. C. They spent too much time learning Buddhism and praying. D. They had no choice, the warriors were too powerful. E. As Confucian gentlemen, it was below them. 149. Murasaki Shikibu is famous for what? A. becoming Japan’s only female emperor. B. writing a collection of poetry called the Manyoshu. C. being an accomplished warrior. D. creating the literary form of the Pillow Book. E. writing The Tale of Genji. 150. The great gift of Champa to Song China was A. quick-ripening rice. B. poisonous projectiles. C. nutritious lentils. D. tea. E. metered poetry.

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