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If Clause

Propozitie principala

Propozitie
secundara

Future

Present
Simple(actiun
e simultana)

Present

Present
Perfect
(actiune
anteriorprioritara)

Type I

Imperative
este o conditie deschisa, probabila

Type II

Present Conditional

Past Tense

S+should/would+V (inf. scurt)

to be-were la
toate
persoanele

este o actiune improbabila, ipotetica, respinsa,


ireala (as merge, ai merge,...etc)
Past Conditional

Past Perfect

S+should/would+have+V(forma
a III a)

Type III
este o conditie imposibila
As fi mers la cinematograf/mergeam la cinema
daca as fi avut bani/ aveam bani.

NOTA:could tine loc de should sau would

Verbe modale in propozitia conditionala


Verbe: will, would si should apar in propozitia conditionala
cand au sensul:

Will=vointa (la prezent)

Ex: If you will come=if he wants to come, if he is willing to


come
Wont=refuz (la prezent)
Ex: If they wont go= if they dont want to go= if they refuse to
go
Would=vointa (la trecut)
Ex: If she would sing=if she wanted to sing= if she was willing
to sing
Wouldnt=refuz (la trecut)
Ex: If they wouldnt come= if they didnt want to come
Should+infinitive=in conditional tip 1 si 2 cu sensul de intamplare
Ex: (Daca se intampla sa vina...) If he happens to come/If
he should come

Omiterea lui If
Se face in scopuri pur stilistice, folosind procedeul
inversiune(pentru tipul II si III)
Tipul II: Should he come?

Tipul III:

I wouldn have come if I hadnt been invited.


Hadnt been invited, I wouldnt have come. (Sa nu fi fost
invitat, nu veneam)

Inlocuirea lui If
Unless, but for, in case, on condition that, so long
as/provided/providing (that) suppose/supposing (that)
Unless=daca nu
But
for

If were not for=daca n-ar fi


If it hadnt been for= daca n-ar fi
fost

In case=in caz ca
On condition that=cu conditia sa
So long as/provided/providing (that) =atat timp cat reda
ideea de limitare, restrictie
Suppose/supposing (that)
Ex: What will happened if it rains tomorrow
Suppose/supposing, suppose if rains tomorrow
Without(uneori)= but for
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