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ION-M

Optical Master Unit

User's Manual
M0106A9AH

Users Manual for


ION-M Optical Master Unit

Copyright 2013 CommScope, Inc.


All rights reserved.
All information contained in this manual has been revised thoroughly. Yet
CommScope accepts no liability for any omissions or faults.
CommScope reserves the right to change all hardware and software characteristics
without notice.
Names of products mentioned herein are used for identification purposes only and
may be trademarks and / or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
No parts of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronical, mechanical photocopying,
recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of the publisher.
Andrew Wireless Systems GmbH, 11-January-2013

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M0106A9AH.doc

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. GENERAL

11

1.1.

USED ABBREVIATIONS

11

1.2.

HEALTH AND SAFETY WARNINGS

13

1.3.

ABOUT COMMSCOPE

15

1.4.

INTERNATIONAL CONTACT ADDRESSES FOR CUSTOMER SUPPORT

16

2. INTRODUCTION

19

2.1.

PURPOSE

19

2.2.

THE ION-M MASTER UNIT

19

3. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

21

3.1.

ION-M MU COMPONENTS OVERVIEW OF SECTIONS IN MANUAL

21

3.2.

GENERAL

22

3.3.
COMPONENTS OF THE MASTER UNIT
3.3.1.
Point of Interface (POI) Subrack (Optional Configuration)
3.3.2.
Optical and Combining Section
3.3.2.1. LTE Subrack EMEA
3.3.2.2. Legacy Applications with OTRx 4-9/18/21-26 MU-LG
3.3.2.3. LTE Subrack US
3.3.2.4. Subrack Two OTRxs
3.3.2.5. Subrack Three OTRxs
3.3.2.6. Subrack Four OTRxs
3.3.2.7. Subrack Three-Sectors Three OTRxs
3.3.3.
Duplexer Unit
3.3.4.
Master Controller - Overview
3.3.5.
Master Controller: RMC1600
3.3.5.1. RMC1600 Battery Backup (BBU)
3.3.5.2. RMC1600 Front Side
3.3.5.3. RMC1600 Rear Side
3.3.5.4. RMC1600 Modem
3.3.6.
Master Controller: MMC Plus
3.3.6.1. MMC Plus Front Side
3.3.6.2. MMC Plus Backplane
3.3.6.3. MMC Plus VGA PS2 Connection Adapter Kit
3.3.6.4. Modems with MMC Plus
3.3.7.
PDU and 1 HU PSU Subrack (Current Type)
3.3.7.1. Mounting Instructions for PDU/ PSU SR Connector Kit
3.3.7.2. PDU Configuration
3.3.7.3. PDU: Operating Instructions - LED Indication
3.3.7.4. PDU Status Indication LEDs
3.3.7.5. 1 HU PSU Subrack (SR) (Current Type)
3.3.8.
Power-Supply Subracks 3 HU / 6 HU (Former Types)
3.3.9.
Optional Equipment

24
26
28
28
32
32
33
34
35
35
36
37
37
38
38
46
52
53
53
58
59
60
61
66
69
74
77
79
82
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Users Manual for


ION-M Optical Master Unit
3.3.9.1.
3.3.9.2.
3.3.9.3.
3.3.9.4.
3.3.9.5.
3.3.9.6.
3.3.9.7.
3.3.9.8.
3.3.9.9.
3.3.9.10.

Monitor and Keyboard


Uninterruptible Power Supply
Input Power Protection (IPP) Option
Low Input Power Alarm (Option)
System Alarm Board (SAB)
PIN Assignment of SAB Summary-Alarm Connector
PIN Assignment of SAB External-Alarms Connector
External-Alarm Relays
Rack Alarm Board (RAB)
External Modem

86
86
87
94
95
97
98
99
100
103

4. COMMISSIONING

105

4.1.

105

MECHANICAL INSTALLATION

4.2.
ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION
4.2.1.
General
4.2.2.
Grounding and Power Connection
4.2.2.1. Installation of the Cabling of the Indoor Cabinet (Standard)
4.2.2.2. Installation of the Cabling of the Outdoor Cabinet
4.2.3.
Interconnection between Master-Unit Cabinets
4.2.4.
BTS / Node B Connections
4.2.5.
Optical-Fibre-Cable Connection - Rules

107
107
108
108
109
110
111
112

4.3.

114

COMMISSIONING - POWER-UP THE MASTER UNIT

4.4.
COMMISSIONING THE RF AND OPTICAL SYSTEM
4.4.1.
Setting the Transceiver Address
4.4.2.
ALC Handling
4.4.2.1. General ALC Information
4.4.2.2. ALC Handling for ION-M EP Systems only (OTRx 4-9/18/21-26 MU)
4.4.3.
Adjust the BTS / Node B DL Level
4.4.4.
Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 4-9/18/21-26 MU-G (LG)
4.4.5.
Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 8-9/18/21 Transceivers
4.4.6.
Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 70-85/90/17-21 Transceivers
4.4.7.
Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 1/4/9 Transceivers
4.4.8.
Band Ports of MMR OTRx 4-21 Transceivers
4.4.9.
Band Ports of 3-Sector ION-M Optical Transceivers
4.4.9.1. Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 17P/17P/17P Transceivers
4.4.9.2. Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 19P/19P/19P Transceivers
4.4.10.
Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 17P/17P/19P Transceivers
4.4.11.
Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 7P/7P/85P/19P Transceivers

115
115
116
116
116
119
124
125
125
126
126
127
127
128
129
129

4.5.
4.5.1.
4.5.2.
4.5.3.
4.5.4.

SYSTEM STARTUP AND LOCAL LOGIN


System Startup of RMC1600
Local Login of RMC1600
System Startup of MMC Plus
Local Login of MMC Plus

130
130
130
131
131

4.6.

MMR COMPATIBILITY OFFSET (ONLY FOR ION-M9/18/21 RU)

132

5. ALARMS AND TROUBLESHOOTING

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133

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6. MAINTENANCE

133

6.1.

MAINTENANCE IN GENERAL

133

6.2.

HOT SWAPPING UNABILITY

134

6.3.

CLEANING AND SECURITY CHECK OF THE ION-M MU CABINET

135

6.4.

SECURITY CHECK OF THE ION-M MU CABINET

135

6.5.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE RMC1600

136

6.6.

SAFETY WARNINGS FOR BATTERY BACKUP REPLACEMENT (VALID FOR


BOTH RMC1600 AND MMC PLUS)
136

6.7.

REPLACEMENT OF THE RMC1600 BATTERY PACK & BATTERY FUSE

139

6.8.

REPLACEMENT OF RMC1600 MAINS FUSE

142

6.9.

UPGRADE OF V.08 MMC PLUS BATTERY BACKUP KIT

143

6.10.

REPLACEMENT OF THE V.08 MMC PLUS BATTERY PACK

147

6.11.
6.11.1.
6.11.2.
6.11.3.

MAINTENANCE CYLE OF MMC PLUS BATTERY BACKUP


General and Basic Functions of the MMC Plus Battery Pack
Reasons why the Battery Pack has to be Replaced
Restrictions on Battery Operation

148
148
149
149

6.12.

REPLACEMENT OF V.11 MMC PLUS BATTERY MODULE

150

6.13.

MMC PLUS FRONT BBU - STATUS-LED

156

7. APPENDIX

157

7.1.

ILLUSTRATIONS & LAYOUT

157

7.2.
7.2.1.
7.2.2.
7.2.3.

SPECIFICATIONS
Electrical Specifications
Mechanical Specifications
Environmental and Safety Specifications - Indoor ION-M MU

162
162
163
164

7.3.

SPARE PARTS

165

8. INDEX

166

9. LIST OF CHANGES

169

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Users Manual for


ION-M Optical Master Unit

FIGURES AND TABLES


figure 3-1 Overview of the ION-M MU components, sections in manual .................. 21
figure 3-2 Overview of the ION-M Master Unit, first rack .......................................... 22
figure 3-3 Block diagram (exemplary) of an ION-M Master Unit, with one OTRx...... 23
figure 3-4 Components of an optical Master Unit, exemplary setup ......................... 25
figure 3-5 Position of optional POI subrack in MU rack, exemplary layout ............... 27
figure 3-6 Adapter Card upper bands, schematic view ............................................. 29
figure 3-7 Adapter Card lower bands, schematic view .............................................. 29
figure 3-8 Diplexer Module 21/26 + 18, schematic view ........................................... 29
figure 3-9 Triplexer Module 4/8/9, schematic view.................................................... 29
figure 3-10 Frequency Conversion Modules lower bands, schematic view .............. 30
figure 3-11 Frequency Conversion Modules upper bands, schematic view .............. 31
figure 3-12 LTE Subrack EMEA, exemplary ............................................................. 31
figure 3-13 US LTE700 subrack with three OTRx & FCMs, exemplary .................... 32
figure 3-14 Subrack with two OTRx with MMC Plus & BBU-Kit, exemplary .............. 32
figure 3-15 Subrack two OTRxs................................................................................ 33
figure 3-16 Subrack two OTRxs with MMC Plus ....................................................... 33
figure 3-17 BTS-connect units with OTRx................................................................. 33
figure 3-18 Subrack three OTRxs ............................................................................. 34
figure 3-19 Subrack three OTRxs with MMC Plus .................................................... 34
figure 3-20 Subrack four OTRxs ............................................................................... 35
figure 3-21 US subrack with 3 x 3-Sector OTRx & FCMs, exemplary....................... 35
figure 3-22 Duplexer unit, interior view ..................................................................... 36
figure 3-23 RMC1600 front side, connectors ............................................................ 38
figure 3-24 RMC1600 battery drawer, screw & handle ............................................. 39
figure 3-25 RMC1600 ON/OFF/ Reset button........................................................... 39
figure 3-26 LOCAL LAN 2 Ethernet connector.......................................................... 40
figure 3-27 LOCAL LAN 2 RJ45 connector, pinning ................................................. 40
figure 3-28 RMC1600 SIM-card drawer .................................................................... 43
figure 3-29 RMC1600 RF connectors ....................................................................... 45
figure 3-30 Internal modem coupler in RMC1600 ..................................................... 45
figure 3-31 RMC1600 rear side, connectors (exemplary) ......................................... 46
figure 3-32 RMC1600 power connector .................................................................... 46
figure 3-33 RMC1600 fuse F1 .................................................................................. 47
figure 3-34 RMC1600 summary-alarm connector ..................................................... 47
figure 3-35 Ports COM 8 + COM 7 - COM 5 & COM 1 ............................................. 48
figure 3-36 Ports COM 2 & COM 22 and COM 3 & COM 13 .................................... 48
figure 3-37 COM22 RJ45 connector, pinning............................................................ 49
figure 3-38 COM13 RJ45 connector, pinning............................................................ 49
figure 3-39 SITE LAN3 RJ45 connector, pinning ...................................................... 50
figure 3-40 CUSTOMER LAN1 RJ45 connector, pinning ......................................... 50
figure 3-41 RMC1600 USB interfaces ...................................................................... 51
figure 3-42 RMC1600 VGA monitor connector ......................................................... 51
figure 3-43 MMC Plus, connectors at front side ........................................................ 53
figure 3-44 MMC Plus, Relay contacts, alarm condition ........................................... 55
figure 3-45 PIN assignment of MMC Plus summary-alarm connector X4 ................. 55
figure 3-46 PIN assignment of MMC Plus external alarm input/ output connector .... 56
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M0106A9AH.doc

figure 3-47 Alarm relay contacts with PIN assignment, exemplary for MMC Plus
Output 1 (alarm condition)...................................................................... 56
figure 3-48 MMC Plus backplane, description of connectors .................................... 58
figure 3-49 MMC Plus power supply connector, PIN assignment ............................. 58
figure 3-50 MMC Plus PSU-alarms connector, PIN assignment ............................... 59
figure 3-51 MMC Plus modem power supply connector RJ12, PIN assignment ....... 59
figure 3-52 MMC Plus PS 2 adapter cable ............................................................... 59
figure 3-53 MMC Plus VGA adapter cable ................................................................ 60
figure 3-54 MMC Plus backplane, connectors for PS2 and VGA adapter cables ..... 60
figure 3-55 PDU & 1 HU PSU AC Subrack (current type) installed in MU, front side,
exemplary .............................................................................................. 62
figure 3-56 PDU & 1 HU PSU DC Subrack(current type) installed in MU, front side,
exemplary .............................................................................................. 62
figure 3-57 PDU & 1 HU PSU SR 1 (current type), mounting order .......................... 63
figure 3-58 Mains terminal block, AC ........................................................................ 64
figure 3-59 1 HU PSU subrack, front side ................................................................. 64
figure 3-60 Connections at the rear side ................................................................... 64
figure 3-61 PDU connector kit, exemplary ................................................................ 66
figure 3-62 PDU connectors, installed, rear side ...................................................... 66
figure 3-63 1 HU PSU SR connectors, installed, rear side ....................................... 67
figure 3-64 PDU + 1 HU PSU Subrack installed in MU, rear side, exemplary .......... 69
figure 3-65 PDU front side, uninstalled ..................................................................... 69
figure 3-66 PDU rear side, uninstalled, ..................................................................... 70
figure 3-67 Fan config alarm, 7-channel DIP switch ................................................. 70
figure 3-68 System-bus interface, 5-channel DIP switch .......................................... 71
figure 3-69 System-bus rotary address switch (16 positions) ................................... 72
figure 3-70 PDU operating elements, front side ........................................................ 74
figure 3-71 1 HU PSU SR, front side, empty, uninstalled ......................................... 79
figure 3-72 1 HU PSU SR with 5 AC PSUs, front side, uninstalled ........................... 79
figure 3-73 1 HU PSU SR, rear, uninstalled, layout of first deliveries ....................... 79
figure 3-74 1 HU PSU SR, rear, uninstalled, layout of deliveries from Rev.01 onwards
............................................................................................................... 80
figure 3-75 AC PSU module, position of locking lever & handle ............................... 81
figure 3-76 Power-supply subrack, 3 HU, front side (former type) ............................ 82
figure 3-77 Power-supply subracks 3 HU, rear side (former type) ............................ 82
figure 3-78 Power-supply subrack, 6 HU, front side (former type) ............................ 83
figure 3-79 Power-supply subracks, 6 HU, rear side (former type) ........................... 83
figure 3-80 Terminal block, AC connection ............................................................... 84
figure 3-81 Terminal block, DC connection with +48 V ............................................. 84
figure 3-82 Terminal block, DC connection with -48 V .............................................. 84
figure 3-83 Power-supply subrack backplane, description of connectors ................. 85
figure 3-84 Monitor with keyboard, 1 HU TFT ........................................................... 86
figure 3-85 UPS ........................................................................................................ 86
figure 3-86 Ports of IPP combiner, current version ................................................... 87
figure 3-87 Ports of IPP combiner, current version ................................................... 88
figure 3-88 Ports of Low IPP alarm ........................................................................... 94
figure 3-89 System alarm board (SAB) ..................................................................... 95
figure 3-90 DIP-switches on the system alarm board ............................................... 96
figure 3-91 SAB relay contacts, alarm condition ....................................................... 97
figure 3-92 SAB summary alarm connector, PIN assignment ................................... 97
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Users Manual for


ION-M Optical Master Unit
figure 3-93 PIN assignment of SAB external-alarm input / outputs connector .......... 98
figure 3-94 SAB relay contacts, exemplary for Output 1 (alarm condition) ............... 98
figure 3-95 Rack alarm board (RAB), 3-D view....................................................... 100
figure 3-96 DIP-switches on the RAB for RS485 address setting ........................... 101
figure 3-97 MC35/ MC88 (EGS5 Cinterion) modem ............................................... 103
figure 4-1 Transport locks to be removed ............................................................... 105
figure 4-2 Additional transport locks ....................................................................... 106
figure 4-3 Outdoor cabinet, bottom with plates ....................................................... 109
figure 4-4 Interconnection between MU cabinets, exemplary ................................. 110
figure 4-5 Primary fuses and secondary voltage switches ...................................... 114
figure 4-6 Optical transceiver (OTRx) ..................................................................... 115
figure 4-7 Referenc plane input/ output .................................................................. 120
figure 4-8 Leveling the DL input signal ................................................................... 121
figure 4-9 Positions of stepless attenuator, type A.................................................. 122
figure 4-10 Positions of stepless attenuator, type B................................................ 122
figure 4-11 ION-M26/26 EU output power datasheet excerpt ................................. 122
figure 4-12 ION-M26/26 EU link gain datasheet excerpt ........................................ 122
figure 4-13 Ports of the leveling adapter ................................................................. 124
figure 4-14 Configuration of band ports ION-M OTRx 8-9/18/21 ............................ 125
figure 4-15 Configuration of band ports OTRx 70-85/90/17-21 ............................... 125
figure 4-16 Configuration of band ports ION-M OTRx 1/4/9 ................................... 126
figure 4-17 Configuration of band ports MMR OTRx 4-21 ...................................... 126
figure 4-18 Configuration of band ports OTRx 17P/17P/17P .................................. 127
figure 4-19 Configuration of band ports OTRx 19P/19P/19P .................................. 128
figure 4-20 Configuration of band ports OTRx 17P/17P/19P .................................. 129
figure 4-21 Configuration of band ports OTRx7P/7P/85P/19P ............................... 129
figure 4-22 RMC1600 switch .................................................................................. 130
figure 4-23 Location of COM5 connector for local access at RMC1600 ................. 130
figure 4-24 Location of Ethernet connector for local access at MMC Plus .............. 131
figure 6-1 RMC BBU drawer, screw........................................................................ 139
figure 6-2 RMC Battery pack & connector .............................................................. 140
figure 6-3 RMC BBU fuse holder ............................................................................ 141
figure 6-4 SW Version installed on SAB ................................................................. 143
figure 6-5 MMC Plus BBU Kit, front side (uninstalled) ............................................ 144
figure 6-6 MMC Plus BBU Kit, rear side (uninstalled) ............................................. 144
figure 6-7 MMC Plus, disconnecting the PSU cable ............................................... 145
figure 6-8 MMC Plus BBU Kit, PSU connector ....................................................... 145
figure 6-9 MMC Plus BBU Kit, layout after installation (exemplary) ........................ 146
figure 6-10 MMC Plus battery pack on BBU Kit ...................................................... 147
figure 6-11 Time elapsed of the MMC Plus battery................................................. 148
figure 6-12 SW Version installed on SAB ............................................................... 150
figure 7-1 Layout of MU set-up, exemplary ............................................................. 157
figure 7-2 Master Unit, front view, example 1 ......................................................... 158
figure 7-3 Master Unit, front view, example 2 ......................................................... 159
figure 7-4 Master Unit, rear view, example 1 .......................................................... 160
figure 7-5 Master Unit, rear view, example 2 .......................................................... 161

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M0106A9AH.doc

table 1-1 List of international contact addresses....................................................... 18


table 3-1 LED description of RMC1600 .................................................................... 41
table 3-2 LED function of RMC1600 ......................................................................... 42
table 3-3 Definition of the RMC1600 system alarm .................................................. 43
table 3-4 Description of the modem status LED of the RMC1600 ............................ 44
table 3-5 RMC1600 rear side connectors, description .............................................. 46
table 3-6 LED description of MMC Plus module ....................................................... 54
table 3-7 PIN assignment of MMC Plus relay contacts, alarm condition................... 55
table 3-8 PIN assignment, exemplary for MMC Plus Output 1 (alarm condition) ...... 56
table 3-9 MMC Plus alarm-output connector X2, PIN assignment ............................ 57
table 3-10 MMC Plus external-alarm-input connector X3, PIN assignment .............. 57
table 3-11 MMC Plus power supply connector, PIN assignment .............................. 58
table 3-12 MMC Plus PSU-alarms connector, PIN assignment ................................ 59
table 3-13 MMC Plus modem power supply connector RJ12, PIN assignment ........ 59
table 3-14 PDU address range supported by MC SW .............................................. 72
table 3-15 PDU operating elements, front side ......................................................... 74
table 3-16 PDU Status LEDs, description of function ............................................... 78
table 3-17 Status LED, PSU module, description ..................................................... 80
table 3-18 DIP-switch settings of the system alarm board ........................................ 96
table 3-19 SAB relay contacts, PIN assignment ....................................................... 97
table 3-20 PIN assignment of SAB alarm-relay contacts, exemplary for Output 1
(alarm condition) .................................................................................... 98
table 3-21 External-alarm inputs and outputs, PIN assignment ................................ 99
table 3-22 DIP-switch settings of the Rack Alarm Board (RAB).............................. 101
table 3-23 RAB address range supported by MC SW ............................................ 102
table 4-1 Address setting of cascaded system ....................................................... 115
table 4-2 DL output ALC setting locations .............................................................. 118
table 4-3 UL ALC setting locations ......................................................................... 119
table 6-1 MMC Plus front BBU status LED .......................................................... 156

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Users Manual for


ION-M Optical Master Unit
For your notes:

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M0106A9AH.doc

1 General

1. GENERAL
1.1. USED ABBREVIATIONS
3GPP
A.I.M.O.S.
AC/DC
ALC
AMPS
APAC
AWS
BBU
BITE
BTS
CD
CE
CPD
DL
DoC
EC
EDGE
EMEA
EN
eNB
EP
ESD
ETS
EU
FCC
FCM
GND
GSM
GUI
HP
ICP3
ID No
iDEN
ION
IP
ISO
LED
LMT
LTE
MC
MIMO
MMC
MS
MU

3rd Generation Partnership Project


Andrew Integrated Management and Operating System
Alternating current / Direct Current
Automatic Level Control
Advanced Mobile Phone System
Asia Pacific
Advanced Wireless Services
Battery Backup
Built-In Test Equipment
Base Transceiver Station
Compact Disk
"Conformit Europenne" ("European Conformity")
Channel Power Detection
Downlink
Declaration of Conformity
European Commission
Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution
Europe, Middle East and Africa
European Norm
enhanced NodeB
Extension Port
Electrostatic Discharge
European Telecommunication Standard
Extension Unit
Federal Communications Commission
Frequency Conversion Module
Ground
Global System for Mobile Communication
Graphical User Interface
Horizontal Pitch (1 HP = 5.08 mm)
Intercept Point 3rd order
Identification Number
Integrated Digital Enhanced Network
Intelligent Optical Network
Ingress Protection
International Organization for Standardization
Light Emitting Diode
Local Maintenance Terminal
Long Term Evolution
Master Controller
Multiple Input Multiple Output
Mini Master Controller
Mobile Station
Master Unit
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Users Manual for


ION-M Optical Master Unit
NF
OTRx
PCS
PDU
PG
PIM
pp
R&TTE
Rev
RF
RMC
RU
RX
SISO
SNMP
sp
SRMU
SW
TETRA
TPX
TS
TX
U
UE
UL
UMTS
UPS
VSWR
WCDMA
WDM

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Noise Figure
Optical Transceiver
Personal Communication Service
Power Distribution Unit
Packing Gland
Passive Intermodulation
primary path
Radio & Telecommunications Terminal Equipment
Revision
Radio Frequency
Rack Master Controller
Remote Unit
Receiver
Single Input Single Output
Simple Network Management Protocol
secondary path
Subrack Master Unit (= MU OTRx; designation in Master Controller
Software)
Software
Terrestrial Trunked Radio
Diplexer/ Triplexer
Technical Specification
Transmitter
Rack Unit
User Equipment
Uplink
Universal Mobile Telecommunication System
Uninterruptible Power Supply
Voltage Standing Wave Ratio
Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
Wavelength Division Multiplex

M0106A9AH.doc

1 General

1.2. HEALTH AND SAFETY WARNINGS


1. Only suitably qualified personnel is allowed to work on this unit and only after
becoming familiar with all safety notices, installation, operation and maintenance
procedures contained in this manual.
2. Read and obey all the warning labels attached to the unit. Make sure that the
warning labels are kept in a legible condition and replace any missing or damaged
labels.
3. Obey all general and regional installation and safety regulations relating to work on
high voltage installations, as well as regulations covering correct use of tools and
personal protective equipment.
4. Keep operating instructions within easy reach and make them available to all
users.
5. It is the responsibility of the network provider to implement prevention measures to
avoid health hazards which may be associated to radiation from the antenna(s)
connected to the unit.
6. The antennas of the repeater (integrated and / or external) have to be installed in a
way that the regional and national RF exposure compliance requirements are met.
7. For US and Canadian installations: To comply with FCC RF exposure compliance
requirements, the following antenna installation and device operating
configurations must be satisfied: A separation distance of at least 4 m must be
maintained between the antenna of this device and all persons. RF exposure
compliance may need to be addressed at the time of licensing, as required by the
responsible FCC Bureau(s), including antenna co-location requirements of
1.1307(b)(3). Maximum permissible antenna gain is 17 dBi.
8. Make sure access is restricted to qualified personnel.
9. Only licence holders for the respective frequency range are allowed to operate this
unit.
10. Corresponding local particularities and regulations must be observed. For national
deviations please refer to the respective documents included in the manual CD
delivered.
11. Use this equipment only for the purpose specified by the manufacturer. Do not
carry out any modifications or fit any spare parts which are not sold or
recommended by the manufacturer. This could cause fires, electric shock or other
injuries.
12. Before opening the unit, disconnect mains.

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Users Manual for


ION-M Optical Master Unit
13. Due to power dissipation, components of the Master Unit may reach a very high
temperature.
14. The bottom of the cabinet does not fulfil the requirement of a fire enclosure.
Therefore, it has to be installed in a room made of fire-resistant material like
concrete.
15. Caution: High-leakage current for systems with more than one PSU (Power supply
unit). Connect to ground before mains is applied.
16. ESD precautions must be observed! Before commencing maintenance work, use
the available grounding system to connect ESD protection measures.
17. This unit complies with European standard EN60950.
18. IMPORTANT NOTE: To comply with FCC RF exposure compliance requirements,
the following antenna installation and device operating configurations must be
satisfied: A separation distance of at least 20 cm must be maintained between the
antenna of this device and all persons. RF exposure compliance may need to be
addressed at the time of licensing, as required by the responsible FCC Bureau(s),
including antenna co-location requirements of 1.1307(b)(3). Maximum permissible
antenna gain is 12 dBi.
19. Make sure the repeater settings are according to the intended use (see also
product information of the manufacturer) and regulatory requirements are met.
20. Although the Master Unit is internally protected against overvoltage, it is strongly
recommended to earth the antenna cables close to the antenna connectors of the
repeater for protection against atmospheric discharge.
Equipment Symbols & Warning Labels on MU components Used
Please observe the meanings of the following symbols used in our equipment:
Symbol

Compliance

Meaning

---

Alert sign to R&TTE

Indicates conformity with the R&TTE


directive 1999/5/EC certified by the notified
body no. 0700.
attached on every OTRx
Laser radiation
Do not stare into the beam, do not view it
Class 1!
directly or with optical instruments.
Symbol

HIGH LEAKAGE CURRENT!


Ground connection is
essential before
connecting power supply!

Page 14

for systems with more than one PSU.


Connect to ground before mains is applied.
M0106A9AH.doc

1 General

1.3. ABOUT COMMSCOPE


CommScope is the foremost supplier of one-stop, end-to-end radio frequency (RF)
solutions. Part of the CommScope portfolio are complete solutions for wireless
infrastructure from top-of-the-tower base station antennas to cable systems and
cabinets, RF site solutions, signal distribution, and network optimization.
CommScope has global engineering and manufacturing facilities. In addition, it
maintains field engineering offices throughout the world.
Andrew Wireless Systems GmbH based in Buchdorf/ Germany, which is part of
CommScope, is a leading manufacturer of coverage equipment for mobile radio
networks, specializing in high performance, RF and optical repeaters. Our optical
distributed networks and RF repeater systems provide coverage and capacity solution
for wireless networks in both indoor installations and outdoor environments, e.g.
tunnels, subways, in-trains, airport buildings, stadiums, skyscrapers, shopping malls,
hotels and conference rooms.
Andrew Wireless Systems GmbH operates a quality management system in
compliance with the requirements of ISO 9001 and TL 9000. All equipment is
manufactured using highly reliable material. To maintain highest quality of the
products, comprehensive quality monitoring is conducted at all fabrication stages.
Finished products leave the factory only after a thorough final acceptance test,
accompanied by a test certificate guaranteeing optimal operation.
This product meets the requirements of the R&TTE directive and the Declaration of
Conformity (DoC) itself. A current version of the CE DoC is included in this manual
CD delivered *. Any updated version of the DoC is available upon request from the
local sales offices or directly from CommScope via the local Customer Support at one
of the addresses listed in the following chapter.
According to the DoC, our "CE"-marked equipment can be used in all member
states of the European Union.
F Note:

Exceptions of and national deviations from this intended use may be


possible. To observe corresponding local particularities and
regulations, please refer to the respective documents (also in
national language) which are included in the manual CD delivered.

* In case the Declaration of Conformity (DoC) for the product was not included in the manual CD
delivered, it is available upon request from the local sales offices or directly from CommScope at one
of the addresses listed in the following chapter.

To make the most of this product, we recommend you carefully read the instructions
in this manual and commission the system only according to these instructions.
For technical assistance and support, please also contact the local office or
CommScope directly at one of the addresses listed in the following chapter.
Page 15

Users Manual for


ION-M Optical Master Unit
1.4. INTERNATIONAL CONTACT ADDRESSES FOR CUSTOMER SUPPORT
Americas:
Canada

United States

CommScope Canada

Andrew LLC, A CommScope Company

Mail

505 Consumers Road, Suite 803


Toronto M2J 4V8
Canada

Mail

620 North Greenfield Parkway


Garner, NC 27529
U.S.A.

Phone

+1-905-878-3457 (Office)
+1-416-721-5058 (Cell)

Phone

+1-888-297-6433

Fax

+1-905-878-3297

Fax

+1-919-329-8950

E-mail

Peter.Masih@commscope.com,
wisupport.us@commscope.com

E-mail

wisupport.us@commscope.com

Caribbean & South American Region


(CALA)

Caribbean (CALA) & Central American Region

CommScope Cabos do Brasil Ltda.

CommScope Mexico S.A. de C.V.

CALA Tech Support for Distributed


Coverage & Capacity Solutions
(DCCS) products:
Mail

Rua Guaporanga, 49
Praa Seca Rio de Janeiro RJ
ZIP: 21320-180
Brazil

CALA Tech Support for Distributed


Coverage & Capacity Solutions
(DCCS) products:
Mail

Av. Insurgentes Sur 688, Piso 6


Col. Del Valle, CP: 03100
Mexico City
Mexico

Phone

+1-815-546-7154 (Cell)
+55-15-9104-7722 (Office)

Phone

+52-1-55-5419-5260 (Cell)
+52-55-1346-1900 (Office)

Fax

+ 55-15-2102-4001

Fax

+52-55-1346-1901

E-mail

wisupport@commscope.com

E-mail

wisupport@commscope.com

APAC Countries:
China, India and Rest of Asia
Andrew International Corporation

Australia & New Zealand


Andrew Corporation (Australia) Pty Ltd.

Mail

Room 915, 9/F


Chevalier Commercial Centre
8 Wang Hoi Rd
Kowloon Bay
Hong Kong

Mail

Unit 1
153 Barry Road
Campbellfield
VIC 3061
Australia

Phone

+852-3106-6100

Phone

+613-9300-7969

Fax

+852-2751-7800

Fax

+613-9357-9110

E-mail

wisupport.China@commscope.com

E-mail

wisupport.Australia@commscope.com

Page 16

M0106A9AH.doc

1 General

Europe:
United Kingdom

Scandinavia

Andrew Wireless Systems UK Ltd

Andrew Norway (AMNW)

Mail

Unit 15, Ilex Building


Mulberry Business Park
Fishponds Road
Wokingham Berkshire
RG41 2GY
England

Mail

P.O. Box 3066


Osloveien 10
Hoenefoss 3501
Norway

Phone

+44-1189-366-792

Phone

+ 47 32-12-3530

Fax

+44-1189-366-773

Fax

+ 47 32-12-3531

E-mail

wisupport.uk@commscope.com

E-mail

wisupport@commscope.com

Germany

France

Andrew Wireless Systems GmbH

CommScope France

Mail

Industriering 10
86675 Buchdorf
Germany

Mail

Immeuble Le Lavoisier
4, Place des Vosges
92052 Courbevoie
France

Phone

+49-9099-69-0

Phone

+33-1 82 97 04 00

Fax

+49-9099-69-930

Fax

+33-1 47 89 45 25

E-mail

wisupport@commscope.com

E-mail

wisupport@commscope.com

Austria

Switzerland

Andrew Wireless Systems (Austria) GmbH

Andrew Wireless Systems AG

Mail

Weglgasse 10
2320 Wien-Schwechat
Austria

Mail

Tiergartenweg 1
CH-4710 Balsthal
Switzerland

Phone

+43-1706-39-99-10

Phone

+41-62-386-1260

Fax

+43-1706-39-99-9

Fax

+41-62-386-1261

E-mail

wisupport.austria@commscope.com

E-mail

wisupport.ch@commscope.com

Italy

Iberia Region - Spain & Portugal

CommScope Italy S.r.l., Faenza, Italy

Andrew Espaa S.A.


A CommScope Company

Mail

Via Mengolina, 20
48018 Faenza (RA)
Italy

Mail

Avda. de Europa, 4 - 2 pta.


Parque Empresarial de la Moraleja
Alcobendas, Madrid 28108
Spain

Phone

+39-0546-697111

Phone

+34-91-745-20 40

Fax

+39-0546-682768

Fax

+34-91-661-87 02

E-mail

wisupport.italia@commscope.com

E-mail

wisupport.iberia@commscope.com

Page 17

Users Manual for


ION-M Optical Master Unit

Czech Republic
CommScope Solutions Czech Republic
C-Com, spol. s r.o
Mail

U Moru 888
53006 Pardubice
Czech Republic

Phone

+49 871 9659171 (Office)


+49 171 4001166 (Mobile)

Fax

+49 871 9659172

E-mail

wisupport@commscope.com

Africa & Middle East:


Middle East & North Africa
CommScope Solutions International Inc.
(Branch)

South Africa
Andrew Wireless Solutions Africa (PTY)
LTD
11 Commerce Crescent West
Eastgate, Sandton
PO Box 786117
Sandton 2146
South Africa

Mail

PO Box 48 78 22
Unit 3206, Floor 32,
Jumeirah Business Center 5,
Jumeirah Lakes Towers,
Dubai
United Arab Emirates

Mail

Phone

+971 4 390 09 80

Phone

+ 27 11-719-6000

Fax

+971 4 390 86 23

Fax

+ 27 11-444-5393

E-mail

wisupport@commscope.com

E-mail

wisupport@commscope.com

table 1-1 List of international contact addresses

Page 18

M0106A9AH.doc

2 Introduction

2. INTRODUCTION
2.1.

PURPOSE

Cellular telephone systems transmit signals in two directions between base


transceiver station (BTS) / Node B or eNB and mobile stations (MS) / UE within the
signal coverage area.
If weak signal transmissions occur within the coverage area because of indoor
applications, topological conditions or distance from the transmitter, extension of the
transmission range can be achieved by means of an optical distribution system.
Such a system contains an optical Master Unit (consisting of up to 13 racks) and
several Remote Units (RUs). The number of the RUs depends on the hardware and
software configuration. The RUs are connected to the Master Unit with optical links.
Optical loss up to 10 dB can be managed.
The Master Unit is the connection to the BTS / Node B. The configuration of a Master
Unit depends on the number of the RUs and the frequency range.
2.2.

THE ION-M MASTER UNIT

The Master Unit (MU) is the link between BTS / Node B and the corresponding ION-M
RUs connected to the MU via optical-fiber lines. It is the conversion unit from RF to
fiber-optic. One MU can support up to 124 RUs in point-to-point connections or 124
RUs in a cascaded system with up to four RUs per link (cascaded system). The
Master Unit controls the complete system and also the auto-leveling function.
The fiber-optic distribution system is designed for GSM, AWS, UMTS and LTE
services as well as for AMPS/ PCS or iDEN/ PCS or Tetra services. Multiple operation
bands can be connected to up to three frequency paths independently accessible per
optical link. Each optical link will also be able to operate services of up to four
providers.
An auto-leveling function for compensating different fiber losses and a comprehensive
supervision concept are implemented. Auto-leveling in DL works with optical power
measurement; in UL a 10.7 MHz signal is used for measuring the optical loss. Thus, a
(so-called cascaded) backbone structure can be used in the optical network, i.e. up
to four RUs can be connected to the Master Unit via only one fiber and optical
couplers.
WDM (Wave Division Multiplex) filters are integrated in the optical modules. For the
UL, a wavelength within 1540 nm 1562 nm is used. For the DL, a wavelength of
1310 20 nm is used. The maximum output power for the UL and DL is 5.7 mW.

Page 19

Users Manual for


ION-M Optical Master Unit
The system is designed for both SISO and for MIMO applications (depending on the
individual customer configuration). Since MIMO utilizes the same frequency range for
two different data streams, a simple electrical-to-optical conversion is not sufficient.
For this reason frequency conversion modules (FCM) are required. FCMs shift one of
the spectrally overlapping MIMO bands to another unused frequency range. This is
necessary to transport the spectrally overlapping multiple data streams over one
single fibre link in the ION-M system.

Page 20

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

3. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
3.1.

ION-M MU COMPONENTS OVERVIEW OF SECTIONS IN MANUAL

To be able to address market-specific requirements (e.g. ETSI -26 dBm/ MHz vs.
FCC -13 dBm/ MHz) and frequency-band allocations (e.g. GMS, UMTS vs. AMPS,
iDEN) various master configurations are feasible. To account for this variety, this
manual is structured as shown in the following overview diagram:
ION-M MU

3.2 For

your

3.3 Components of the


Master Unit

3.3.3
Duplexer Unit

3.3.1
Point of Interface

According to ETSI standard


(EMEA, parts of APAC)

OTRx 4-9/18/21-26 MU-G/LG


- 3.3.2.1 LTE Subrack EMEA
- 3.3.2.2 Legacy Applications with
OTRx 4-9/18/21-26 MU-LG
Other EMEA/APAC OTRxs (please
refer to the Ordering Information)
- 3.3.2.4 Subrack Two OTRxs
- 3.3.2.5 Subrack Three OTRxs
- 3.3.2.6 Subrack Four OTRxs

3.3.4 - 3.3.6
Master Controllers

3.3.2 Optical &


Combining Section

3.3.9
Optional Equipment

3.3.7 - 3.3.8
PDU & PSU Sections

According to FCC standard


(US)

OTRx 70-85/90/17-21
- 3.3.2.3 LTE Subrack US
OTRx 17P/17P/17P
- 3.3.2.7 Subrack Three-Sectors Three OTRxs
Other US OTRxs (please refer to the
Ordering Information)
- 3.3.2.4 Subrack Two OTRxs
- 3.3.2.5 Subrack Three OTRxs
- 3.3.2.6 Subrack Four OTRxs

figure 3-1 Overview of the ION-M MU components, sections in manual


Page 21

Users Manual for


ION-M Optical Master Unit
3.2.

GENERAL

E0975B9

figure 3-2 Overview of the ION-M Master Unit, first rack


In a typical configuration, the ION-M Master Unit comprises two signal chains per
optical link. In the uplink direction, the optical signals from the RUs (transmitted via
optical fibers) are converted into RF signals by the transceiver. Then, they are
forwarded via a frequency separation unit denominated as duplexer and the four-way
combiner or BTS connect (one for each band) to the connector, which transmits the
signals to the BTS / Node B.
In the downlink direction, the signals from the BTS / Node B are forwarded to the fourway combiner. After passing through the duplexer, the RF signals are converted into
optical signals by the transceiver and finally are transmitted via optical fibers to the
RUs.
This typical configuration can vary depending on the respective ION-M system.

Page 22

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

The following block diagram shows an example for an ION-M Master Unit with one OTRx:
BTS
TX1, RX1

0-10 dB

GSM900

0-10 dB
0-10 dB
0-10 dB

Probe -30 dB
698 - 960 MHz
11 - 23 dB
max. 27.5 dBm

BTS
TX1, RX1

0-10 dB

GSM1800

0-10 dB

0-10 dB

0-10 dB
0-10 dB

ATT
ATT
ATT
ATT
ATT

max. 27.5 dBm/ Port

BTS

ATT
ATT
ATT

0-10 dB

LTE2600-2

18 DL
21 DL
26 DL
8-9 DL
8-9 UL
26 UL
21 UL
18 UL

FCM

1920-1980
2110-2170
2.0 dB

RS485

FCM

UMTS2100

Probe - 30 dB
1920-2170 MHz
11.5 21.5 dB

4-9 DL
4-9 UL

4-9
18 E
Tx
O
21-26
W
D
4-9
M
17 E
O Rx
21-26

18 DL
21-26DL

1500 nm

8x IN + 8x OUT
Summary alarm

SAB1

8x IN + 8x OUT
Summary alarm

up to 4 RUs

Ref

21-26UL
18UL

SABn

n = up to 64 SABs

Ref

-48V DC

0-10 dB

230V/115V AC

0-10 dB
0-10 dB

Probe -30 dB
2400-2700 MHz
11 19 dB

2500-2570/
2620-2690
2.5 dB

max. 27.5 dBm/ Port

BTS
TX1, RX1

ATT

ATT

ATT

0-10 dB

0-10 dB

TX1, RX1

9 DL
8 DL
18-21 DL
26 DL
ATT
26 UL
ATT
18-21 UL
ATT
8 UL
ATT
9 UL
ATT

1710-1785/
1805-1880
2.5 dB

max. 27.5 dBm/ Port

BTS

Control board
RS485

0-10 dB

Probe -30 dB
1710-1990 MHz
11 19 dB

TX1, RX1

serving up to
124 OTRx

880-915/925-960
2.5 dB

PDU /
RAB

0-10 dB

LTE2600-1

0-10 dB
0-10 dB
0-10 dB

Probe -30 dB
2400-2700 MHz
11 19 dB

2500-2570/
2620-2690
2.5 dB

max. 27.5 dBm/ Port


RS485

Control Unit
RMC1600

PC

Modem
MC 35
RF

Interface
-4 pcs. RS232
-local Access
-Sum. Alarm
-PS2 for Keyb.
and Monitor

RS232

Option
E1178B000

ION-M9/18/21 EP Main Remote Unit


ION-M26/26 EU Extension Unit

figure 3-3 Block diagram (exemplary) of an ION-M Master Unit, with one OTRx

Page 23

3.3.

COMPONENTS OF THE MASTER UNIT

In order to be able to use individual applications, such as LTE and MIMO


functionalities, the following description distinguishes between different subrack
versions.
Various available subrack types are described from sections 3.3.2.1 LTE Subrack
EMEA onwards to 3.3.2.7 Subrack Three-Sectors Three OTRxs.
The configuration and layout of an individual unit may vary from figure 3-4, in chapter
3.3 Components of the Master Unit, depending on customer requirements. The
actual configuration of each Master Unit can be seen at the configuration list, which is
part of the delivery.
The basic sections of a Master Unit for multi-user and multi-operator are as follows:
An optical and combining section consisting of subracks for OTRxs with
combiners, splitters, or BTS connects providing attenuation setting, and - in case
of ION-Mxx EP systems - plug-in modules like adapter cards, TPX modules, or
frequency conversion modules (FCMs).
In the first rack, the optional system alarm board (SAB) is equipped in this section;
depending on the individual customer configuration, optical splitters may also be
equipped.
A duplexer unit located behind the optical and combining sections.
A master control unit consisting of the RMC / MMC Plus for supervising the system
and alarm forwarding to the OMC as well as an optional monitor and keyboard.
All subracks are connected via an RS485 bus starting at the Master Controller
(MC) and continuing from subrack to subrack (see chapter 3.3.2.7 Subrack ThreeSectors Three OTRxs). The last subrack in a cabinet is connected to the first
subrack of the next cabinet in the system.
A power supply section, which is usually located below the RMC1600 / MMC Plus
controller (see chapter 7.1 Illustrations).

Page 24

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

Rear side

Front side

Point of
Interface
(POI)
subracks

RF splitters
(optional)

Optical section

Combining
sections
Optical section
Combining
sections
Optical section

MMC Plus

Power
Distribution
Unit (PDU)
Power Supply
Unit (PSU)

figure 3-4 Components of an optical Master Unit, exemplary setup

Page 25

3.3.1. Point of Interface (POI) Subrack (Optional Configuration)


Depending on user configuration, the POI subrack can optionally be installed in the
upper part of the Master Unit (MU) rack, see figure 3-4 in previous chapter
3.3 Components of the Master Unit.
F Note: The POI subrack CANNOT be operated in the Andrew standard outdoor
MU rack! It is only meant for usage in INDOOR cabinets with perforated
doors (see following figure)!
The POI subrack available with passive modules (p-POI) and/or active modules
(i-POIs) - has various functions. For better transparency, these are described in two
separate POI manuals (M0146A0x and M0146A1x). For detailed information please
refer to the p-POI manual and/ or i-POI documentations, respectively.

Page 26

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

Location of
POI subracks
in Master Unit rack
with a
perforated door
(exemplary layout)

figure 3-5 Position of optional POI subrack in MU rack, exemplary layout

Page 27

3.3.2. Optical and Combining Section


The optical and combining sections are located above the RMC1600 of a Master
Unit. Depending on the configuration, subracks of 3 HUs, which are intended for 19"
rack mounting, are used for two up to four optical transceivers. From the front, the
subracks provide plug-in space for combiners and splitters, BTS connect (see also
chapter 4.4 Commissioning the RF and Optical System), frequency conversion
modules and optical transceivers .
Behind each optical transceiver the UL and DL band ports required for leveling the
individual bands are located. Thus, in case no frequency conversion module is
equipped, the transceiver has to be removed for the leveling procedure (see chapter
4.4 Commissioning the RF and Optical System). Additional space is available for an
alarm board, power supply or controller. Duplexers and splitters can be mounted
behind the backplane.
For subracks containing and supporting the MMC Plus Controller, which will replace
all old subracks, the backplane of the subracks is moved 10 HP to the left-hand side
and the MMC Plus (with appropriate plug-in backplane) is mounted on the right-hand
side, see e.g. figure 3-16 Subrack two OTRxs with MMC Plus and/ or figure 3-19
Subrack three OTRxs with MMC Plus.
3.3.2.1.

LTE Subrack EMEA

Full MIMO functionality for Europe, the Middle East and Africa (shortly abbreviated by
EMEA) is only given by the LTE subrack EMEA described as follows.
One subrack contains up to 2 optical transceivers (OTRx 4-9/18/21-26 MU-G). Each
OTRx requires either two adapter cards, two TPX modules (i.e. one triplexer and one
diplexer module), or two frequency conversion modules (FCMs) in which one of
these modules covers the lower bands (4-9) and the other covers the upper bands
(18-26). When one of these modules is not assembled, an alarm will be generated.
Another major component of this subrack is the backplane with adequate power
supply and communication interface for the adapter cards, TPX modules, or FCMs
mentioned before. These plug-in modules give the opportunity for an easy system
upgrade to MIMO or extend the frequency range of the system. A short description
can be found in the following sections.

Page 28

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description
... 1. Adapter Cards
The adapter cards in the Master Unit are assembled when no additional
frequency to the 900 MHz / 1800 MHz / 2100 MHz bands and no frequency
conversion (MIMO) is needed.
Both adapter cards need to be equipped, otherwise an alarm will be generated by
the Master Controller.
21-Tx1

OTRx 21~26 DL

21-Rx1

OTRx 21~26 UL

18-Tx1

OTRx 18 DL

18-Rx1

OTRx 18 UL

Controller

9-Tx1

OTRx 4~9 DL

9-Rx1

OTRx 4~9 UL

Controller

I2C Bus

figure 3-6 Adapter Card upper bands,


schematic view

I2C Bus

figure 3-7 Adapter Card lower bands,


schematic view

... 2. TPX (Diplexer / Triplexer) Modules


The Band TPX modules in the Master Unit are needed in case an additional
operating frequency has to be transported over the 4-9 and/or 21-26 OTRX
channels. If no FCM (MIMO application) is needed and the frequency range of the
adapter cards is not sufficient, both the diplexer and the triplexer modules have to
be installed in the Master Unit. Otherwise, an alarm will be generated.
3

26

9
OTRx 21~26 DL

23

OTRx 4~9 DL

8
21
18

OTRx 18 DL

18

OTRx 18 UL

-Controller

4~7

-Controller

I2C Bus

I2C Bus

2
9

4
26

8
23

OTRx 4~9 UL

OTRx 21~26 UL

21

figure 3-8 Diplexer Module 21/26 + 18,


schematic view

4~7

figure 3-9 Triplexer Module 4/8/9,


schematic view

Page 29

... 3. Frequency Conversion Modules (FCMs)


The Frequency conversion modules (FCM) of the MU are required to shift one of
the spectrally overlapping MIMO bands to another unused frequency range. This
is necessary to transport the spectrally overlapping multiple data streams over
one single fibre link in the ION-M system.
It is possible to transport one lower MIMO signal (e.g. 8 or 9) and up to two upper
MIMO signals (e.g. 18, 21, 26, 18 & 26 or 21 & 26) at the same time. In a MIMO
application, always two FCMs have to be installed, one for the lower bands and
one for the upper bands, also when only one MIMO band is used.
Conversion Module MU
lower bands
Add. Gain
9-Tx1

ALC Thr.

FX

925~960

OTRx 4~9 DL

8-Tx1

18-Tx2 v
21-Tx2

26-Tx2

791~821
1805~1880 v
2110~2170

f1
f2

2620~2690

f1
f2

Downlink
REF in

Reference Clock
Distribution

Uplink

26-Rx2

18-Rx2 v
21-Rx2

2500~2570

f1
f2

1710~1785 v
1920~1980

f1
f2
OTRx 4~9 UL

8-Rx1

9-Rx1

832~862

880~915

figure 3-10 Frequency Conversion Modules lower bands, schematic view

Page 30

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description
Conversion Module MU
upper bands
Add. Gain
18-Tx1

21-Tx1

26-Tx1

8-Tx2 v
9-Tx2

FX

ALC Thr.

1805~1880

OTRx 18 DL

2110~2170

2620~2690

OTRx 21~26 DL

791~821 v
925~960

f1
f2
Downlink

Reference Clock
Generation & Distribution

REF out

REF out
to second FX-Module

to OTRx

8-Rx2 v
9-Rx2

26-Rx1

21-Rx1

18-Rx1

832~862
880~915

Uplink
f1
f2

2500~2570

OTRx 21~26 UL

1920~1980

1710~1785

OTRx 18 UL

figure 3-11 Frequency Conversion Modules upper bands, schematic view


The following illustration shows a configuration example for a European (EMEA) LTE
subrack equipped with PSU, 2 OTRx with respective TPX modules/ FCMs:

PSU

TPX modules

OTRx

FCMs

OTRx

figure 3-12 LTE Subrack EMEA, exemplary

Page 31

3.3.2.2.

Legacy Applications with OTRx 4-9/18/21-26 MU-LG

If the LTE Subrack EMEA is not available at the Master Unit with ION-Mxxx EP
Remote Units, a different optical module has to be used: OTRx 4-9/18/21-26 MU-G
LG. "LG" is the abbreviation of legacy, indicating that the OTRx is only allowed to
be used in legacy systems where no adapter card / diplexer module / FCM can be
installed. Hence it is a precondition that only an ION-M9/18(P)/21(P) EP (and
derivates) can be connected to this kind of Master Unit. Please note that a MU
upgrade to support additional EUs, e.g. MIMO, is not easily feasible on site.
3.3.2.3.

LTE Subrack US

Full MIMO functionality for the United States is provided for by the LTE subrack US
described as follows.
This subrack can manage up to three optical transceivers (OTRx 70-85/90/17-21
MU-G) with the according frequency conversion modules (FCMs). Each conversion
module has 4 UL & DL connectors. It provides the 700 MHz/ 700 MHz MIMO, 850
MHz and 1900 MHz bands.
There are also variants of the US LTE Subrack which only hosts one ore two optical
modules and FCMs. In these configurations the space left can be used for e.g.
combiners and MMC Plus with optional BBU-kit.
The following illustration shows a configuration example for a US LTE700 subrack
with 3 OTRx and 3 according FCMs:

figure 3-13 US LTE700 subrack with three OTRx & FCMs, exemplary
The following illustration shows a configuration example for an LTE 700 subrack with
2 OTRx and MMC Plus/ BBU-Kit:

L_G3192X010

figure 3-14 Subrack with two OTRx with MMC Plus & BBU-Kit, exemplary
Page 32

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3 Functional Description
3.3.2.4.

Subrack Two OTRxs

This subrack can manage up to two OTRxs with corresponding equipment. Furthermore, there are additional slots of 20 HP (1 HP = 0.2 in / 5.08 mm) where splitters,
modems, PSUs or the system alarm board (SAB) can be mounted.
Optical transceivers (OTRx)

Combiners

figure 3-15 Subrack two OTRxs


Power supply units

OTRx

BTS connect

OTRx

MMC Plus controller

figure 3-16 Subrack two OTRxs with MMC Plus


BTS-connect units
BTS connectors
Stepless
attenuators
Probe ports

figure 3-17 BTS-connect units with OTRx

Page 33

3.3.2.5.

Subrack Three OTRxs

This subrack can manage up to three OTRxs each with corresponding equipment.
Applications are either single-band or single-user systems. For small installations
without redundant power supplies, a power supply can be equipped at the left side. In
case of multi-band / single-user systems, instead of combiners, the subrack is
equipped with BTS-connect units providing up to three ports. Subracks with restricted
space for duplexer and combiner are also available.

figure 3-18 Subrack three OTRxs


Subracks supporting the MMC Plus can manage up to three OTRxs, each with
corresponding equipment. Applications are either single-band or single-user systems.

figure 3-19 Subrack three OTRxs with MMC Plus

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3 Functional Description

3.3.2.6.

Subrack Four OTRxs

This subrack can manage up to four OTRxs each with corresponding equipment.
Applications are single-band single-user systems. Furthermore, there is an additional
28 HP (1 HP = 0.2 in / 5.08 mm) where splitters, combiners, modems, a PSU or the
system alarm board can be mounted.
Subracks supporting the MMC Plus can manage up to four OTRxs with
corresponding front-mounting equipment. In those subracks there is no mounting
option for duplexers or splitters. Applications are either single-band or single-user
systems. For small installations without redundant power supplies, a power supply
can be equipped at the left-hand side and the MMC Plus at the right-hand side.

figure 3-20 Subrack four OTRxs

3.3.2.7.

Subrack Three-Sectors Three OTRxs

This subrack can manage up to three optical transceivers (OTRx 17P/17P/17P MUG) each with corresponding optional conversion module (needed for sectors 2 and 3
only). The conversion module has 3 UL & DL connectors each and 3 ALC LEDs.
Applications are single-band and single-user systems, single sector or multi-sector
(up to three sectors per OTRx).
The following illustration shows a configuration example for a US subrack with
3-Sectors-3 OTRx (e.g. OTRx17P/17P/17P) and according FCMs:

figure 3-21 US subrack with 3 x 3-Sector OTRx & FCMs, exemplary

Page 35

3.3.3. Duplexer Unit


Each UL/DL combined RF path is connected to a duplexer to isolate uplink from
downlink, i.e. to separate the transmitting path from the receiving path. The pass
bandwidth of the duplexer is the entire width of the UL and DL band of the
corresponding network.

figure 3-22 Duplexer unit, interior view


If the BTS signal is UL/DL separated, no duplexers are required.

Page 36

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3 Functional Description

3.3.4. Master Controller - Overview


The first master rack in a system contains a master controller for system control,
either an RMC1600 controller (see section 3.3.5) or the MMC Plus controller (see
section 3.3.6).
3.3.5. Master Controller: RMC1600
F Note: The RMC1600 is available as a configuration for Linux and/ or
Windows operating systems. As only the software differs, there is no
difference in layout of the hardware.
Optionally the ION-M MU is equipped with monitor, keyboard and mouse which are
used for local access to the RMC1600.
F Note:

A graphical user interface (GUI) for Linux operating systems of the


RMC1600 is available from deliveries (only with pre-set factory
settings) of the ION Master Controller SW V4.20.3 onwards.

Local access to the RMC1600 can be granted either via monitor, keyboard and
mouse (optional ION-M MU equipment) when equipped or via the LAN interface
provided for local connection at the front panel. For locations of LAN ports please
refer to chapters 3.3.5.2 RMC1600 Front Side.
Two minutes after the respective power-supply switch of the mains supply has been
set to ON, the RMC1600 will boot automatically; i.e. the required voltage (11.0 Vdc)
must be stable for two minutes. To avoid the 2-minute-delay, press the ON/ OFF/
Reset button after a waiting time of 10 seconds. For details see chapter 3.3.5.2
RMC1600 Front Side.
If the RMC1600 is delivered separately, ensure sufficient airflow at the air inlet and
air outlets (positions see figure 3-23 RMC1600 front) when mounting the unit.
The RMC1600 is provided with an automatic shutdown function to prevent overtemperature. At 70 C, the system will send out an according alarm message via
modem, and then shut down into standby mode. The software is factory-set to initiate
a reboot as soon as the temperature has fallen to 40 C. If this function is disabled,
the system can only be rebooted locally using the ON/OFF/ Reset button (see
chapter 3.3.5.2 RMC1600 Front Side) or via webpages (see software manual for the
ION-M Master Controller).

Page 37

3.3.5.1.

RMC1600 Battery Backup (BBU)

The RMC1600 is equipped with a battery-backup drawer (BBU) to keep up system


operation and transmit alarm information in case of power failure. The battery pack
(hot-pluggable) is located in the RMC front side drawer. The battery type is Ni-MH,
8.4 V (nominal). When fully charged, the battery backup can support system
operation for approximately 1.5 hours under normal environmental conditions. A
shutdown will be carried out after max. 30 minutes or less in case of low battery
charge status. The BBU cannot be used to boot the system after a shutdown. For this
purpose, mains supply via the mains connector (see chapter 3.3.5.3 RMC1600 Rear
Side) is required.
The battery-backup drawer comprises a rechargeable battery pack, which has to be
replaced after 2 years of usage at the latest as a preventive maintenance measure
in order to safeguard that maximum capacity is provided. For replacing the BBU,
please refer to chapter 6.7 Replacement of the RMC1600 Battery Pack & Battery
Fuse. Furthermore, an automatic battery refresh is generally factory-set to an interval
of 10 weeks. This interval may be changed by the customer via software to an
interval in the range from 8 to 12 weeks. For details regarding interval setting, please
refer to the software manual of the Master Controller, which is also part of the
delivery. However, it is not recommended to deactivate the refresh function, since
this may considerably impair the lifetime of the battery.
3.3.5.2.

RMC1600 Front Side


WITH modem

Position of air outlet

Position of air outlet

Position of air inlet

10

Position of air inlet

WITHOUT modem

figure 3-23 RMC1600 front side, connectors


Please see explanation of connectors in following table:
Page 38

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3 Functional Description

Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Description of Connectors
Screw for loosening battery drawer
Handle for battery drawer
Antenna RF connectors
ON/ OFF/ Reset button
LOCAL LAN 2 connector
9 LEDs
Reset button of (internal) Modem 1
2x USB connectors
SIM-CARD drawer with push button (yellow)
Modem status LED

F Note: Some connector pictures in the following sections show just an


exemplary layout and thus may deviate from delivery state.
1. Screw for loosening the battery drawer
RMC1600 BBU - front side

Screw for
loosening
battery drawer
Handle

figure 3-24 RMC1600 battery drawer, screw & handle


2. Handle for pulling out the battery drawer (battery inside)
For replacement of battery please see description in chapter 6.7 Replacement of the
RMC1600 Battery Pack & Battery Fuse.
3. ON/ OFF/ Reset Button
Use this button
o

to shorten the boot delay of 2 minutes, by pressing this button


approximately 5 seconds after voltage supply has been
connected to directly start the boot process.

to initiate a reset if the system is not responding any longer by


pressing the button; see pressing time in the following table:

figure 3-25 RMC1600 ON/OFF/ Reset button

Page 39

The ON/ OFF/ Reset button of the RMC1600 features the following functions:
Operational status Pressing time for start button
RMC1600 is off
0.5 sec
RMC1600 is
running.

5 sec < Press time < 10 sec

RMC1600 is
running.

Press time > 10 sec

Function
RMC1600 starts.
Operating system (abbrev.:
OS) Linux is shutdown, no
restart.
Hard reset; OS is reset
abruptly, resulting in loss of
data! Only to be used
should necessity require it,
e.g. if OS is not responding
any longer.

4. LOCAL LAN 2
Ethernet Connector Local Access
LOCAL LAN2 connector is used as the local maintenance
interface. For local access to the Master Controller websites,
connect your laptop via a network cable to the Ethernet
connector LOCAL LAN2.
The LOCAL LAN 2 connector is an Ethernet interface for data
transfer rates of 10/100/1000 MBit / s. The speed is set
automatically.
figure 3-26 LOCAL LAN 2 Ethernet connector

figure 3-27 LOCAL LAN 2 RJ45 connector, pinning


Function of the LEDs:
Green: Link/ Activity
A.)

Link
ON when a link has been established
OFF when no link is established

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3 Functional Description

B.)

Activity
blinking when data packets are transmitted or received

Note: When no device is connected to the LOCAL LAN 2 interface, the green
LED is OFF.
Orange: Speed
Speed
ON 1000 MBit / s link has been established and maintained
OFF 10 MBit / s or 100 MBit / s link has been established and maintained
Note: When no device is connected to LOCAL LAN 2 interface, the orange
LED is OFF.
5. LEDs

LEDs OFFexemplary:

Green LED ON
exemplary

Green LEDs ON - exemplary

Green, red & orange LEDs ON


- exemplary

table 3-1 LED description of RMC1600

MAINS
STATUS

BATTERY
OPERATION

green

red

Color
LED
Designation

x
x

RMC1600 OFF, mains disconnected


RMC1600 ON, mains voltage ok
RMC1600 ON, mains voltage too low
RMC1600 ON, operating with mains power, and in case of mains failure
battery voltage is high enough for safe operation.
RMC1600 ON, operating with battery power
Orange: RMC1600 ON, operating with battery power, shutdown initiated

x
f

RMC1600 ON, and in case of mains failure battery voltage is too low for safe
operation.
No battery equipped or missing or discharging
Charging battery
Green flashing: battery full

x
x

x
x

CHARGE
STATUS

Description of Function

Page 41

LED
Designation
BATTERY
STATUS

Color
x
x
x

x
x

TEMPERATURE
STATUS

x
f

FAN
STATUS

x
x
x

SUMMARY
ALARM

x
f
x

APPLICATION
STATUS

f
x

x
x
f

f
HDD

f
x

Description of Function
Battery not equipped
Battery OK
Battery defect (battery change needed) or battery missing or battery charge
circuit failure
Orange: Battery in discharge mode
Temperature OK (RMC temperature is below the temperature alarm
threshold *)
Orange:
OverTempShutdown initiated but temperature below TempAlarmThreshold
RMC1600 can be started with ON/OFF/ Reset button.
RMC1600 will restart automatically when is temperature below 40C
(unless AutomaticRestart is disabled in SW setting)
Over-temperature alarm but no over-temperature shutdown yet;
(temperature is above the temperature alarm threshold *)
Red flashing: over-temperature shutdown and still temperature alarm
(Temperature was above 70C and is still above temperature alarm
threshold *)
Fan not running (Battery mode and when an active cooling is not required)
Fan OK; Fan running
Fan alarm active
RMC1600 ON, no alarm active
RMC1600 ON, RMC1600 internal alarm active
Red flashing: RMC1600 ON, system alarm active
Flashing between red and orange:
RMC1600 ON: RMC1600 internal alarm active AND system alarm active
PC board OFF
Red flashing: trying to switch on PC board
Orange: PC Board ON; application start triggered
PC board ON; application running
Green flashing: PC board ON; application NOT running, application is shut
down by user
Orange flashing: PC board ON; application shutting down, shutdown initiated
by Microcontroller firmware (Button, Temperature Shutdown)
no HDD activity
HDD activity

table 3-2 LED function of RMC1600


* The temperature alarm threshold can be set in the following submenu of the Master Controller
software: after log in, click Master Controller "Settings MC Status Temperature: Alarm
Threshold (45 60C). For further details please refer to the Master Controller SW manual.

Page 42

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3 Functional Description

6. Definition of the RMC1600 System Alarm:


RMC1600

System

OK

OK

Relay deenergized
= Alarm
ON

Alarm

OK

OFF

ON

OK

Alarm

OFF

Alarm

Alarm

OFF

Flashing
Flashing
red and orange alternating

LED (Summary Alarm)


OFF

table 3-3 Definition of the RMC1600 system alarm


7. Modem 1 Reset Button

o as long as the button is pressed


o when button is released

Modem 1 voltage OFF


Modem 1 voltage ON

8. USB Interfaces (2x):


standard USB 2.0 interfaces

9. SIM-Card Drawer
o

Open the SIM-Card drawer of the optional modem by carefully pressing onto the
push button (e.g. with a pen). Note: Take care not to damage the SIM-card
drawer when opening it!
SIM-card drawer

Press yellow button!

figure 3-28 RMC1600 SIM-card drawer


Page 43

Take out the SIM-card drawer and insert the SIM card.
Push the SIM-card drawer carefully back into the drawer, thus closing it again.

o
o

10. Modem Status LED


LED OFF exemplary

Red LED on - exemplary

If the standard MC75/ MC88 (EGS5 Cinterion)/ HC25 or TRM3 modem is equipped,
the Modem Status LED* (LED color differs from modem to modem) indication is as
follows:
LED Mode
Off
600 ms On /
600 ms Off

75 ms On / 3 s Off

Operating Status
Power Down mode or SLEEP mode (registered to the net)
no SIM card inserted / no PIN entered / network search or network
login in progress / ongoing user authentication
when logged to network (monitoring control channels and user
interactions); no call in progress
only HC25:
green flashing when logged to 2 G network
blue flashing when logged to 3 G network

75 ms On / 75 ms Off / 75
ms On / 3 s Off
Flashing

On

one or more GPRS contexts activated


Indicates GPRS data transfer: When a GPRS transfer is in progress,
the LED goes on within one sec after data packets were exchanged.
Flash duration is approx. 0.5 sec.
Depending on type of call:
Voice call:

Data call:

Connected to
remote party

Connected to remote party or exchange of


parameters while setting up or
disconnecting a call.

table 3-4 Description of the modem status LED of the RMC1600


* Attention: With MC75/ MC88 (EGS5 Cinterion)/ TRM3 modems the
orange Modem Status LED (illustrated below) has a very pale light (). You
need to look at it closely!

Orange LED on exemplary

Page 44

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3 Functional Description
11. RF Connectors

figure 3-29 RMC1600 RF connectors


12. Internal Modem Coupler in RMC1600
A variable attenuator in the range of 30 dB is also integrated to ensure optimal power
levels at the modem antenna port. If no direct RF connection to the BTS / Node B is
available and an antenna is used, the modem coupler and attenuator can be
bypassed. The antenna switch can be set via SW (MC SW version >= V5.0).
Antenna
IN 1
OUT 1
OUT 2

dB
0...30 dB

IN 2

figure 3-30 Internal modem coupler in RMC1600

Page 45

3.3.5.3.

RMC1600 Rear Side

11

12

13

14a

14b

15a

15b 116a 16b

17

18

14c

14d

figure 3-31 RMC1600 rear side, connectors (exemplary)


Number
11
12
13
14a
14b
14c
14d
15a
15b
16a
16b
17
18

Description
Power connector
Fuse F1 (250 V, 10 A, 6.3 x 32 mm) FAST BLOW
Summary-alarm connector
COM8 connector
COM 7 connector
COM 5 connector
COM 1 connector
COM 2 and COM 22 connector
COM 3 and COM 13 connector
SITE LAN 3 connector
CUSTOMER LAN 1 connector
4 USB connectors
VGA connector
table 3-5 RMC1600 rear side connectors, description

1. Power Connector
The connector configuration is as follows: PIN 1 =
GND, PIN 2 = not connected (n.c.), PIN 3 = +12 VDC
(see chapter 7.2.1 Electrical Specifications and/ or
"User's Manual for the RMC1600").
Power can be supplied from the PSU of the
respective subrack or rack. Booting an RMC1600
after shutdown (i.e. from standby mode) is only
possible when voltage is supplied via this connector.
PIN 3

PIN 2

PIN 1

figure 3-32 RMC1600 power connector

Page 46

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3 Functional Description
2. Fuse F1
Fuse type: 250 V, 10 A, 6.3 x 32 FAST BLOW, Littelfuse F10A 0314-010.MXP

figure 3-33 RMC1600 fuse F1

3. Summary-Alarm Connector
The picture to the left shows the summaryalarm connector and the respective imprinting
on the rear side of the RMC1600.

PIN 3

PIN 2

PIN 1

Below the summary-alarm connector a picture


of the relay in alarm condition is shown. This
means PIN 1 and PIN 2 are connected when
an alarm is active. When NO alarm is active,
PIN 2 and PIN 3 are connected.
The summary-alarm connector is connected
with the internal summary-alarm relay. The
summary alarm relay is a potential-free relay. It
can be used to monitor alarms with an external
alarm indicator. Devices connected to this relay
must not exceed a maximum switching power
of 30 Vdc, 0.5A.

figure 3-34 RMC1600 summary-alarm connector

Page 47

4. COM Ports

figure 3-35 Ports COM 8 + COM 7 - COM 5 & COM 1

No. assigned in
figure 3-15
14a
14b
14c
14d

Designation of Port
COM8
COM7
COM5
COM1

COM ports are Sub-D-9 connectors with standard RS232 PIN assignment.
COM 1 (No. 14d), COM 5 (No. 14c), COM 7 (No. 14b) and COM 8 (No. 14a) serve to
connect additional modems and are pre-configured as follows:
COM1:
COM7:
COM8:
COM5:

Modem 4
Modem 2
Modem 3
Modem 5

5. RJ45 Connectors COM 22 & COM 13


COM 2 &
COM 22

COM 3 &
COM 13

figure 3-36 Ports COM 2 & COM 22 and COM 3 & COM 13

Page 48

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3 Functional Description
6. COM22 Port
The COM 2 port is an interface for connection to the ION-B network
(configured as RS485, 2-wire) and COM 22 port serves for
connection to the IMB network No.2 *.
COM 22

COM 2 &
COM 22

ION B
and
IMB 2
Interface

Pin 1

Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Signal
n.c.
n.c.
n.c.
CANH
CANL
n.c.
RD+
RD-

Standard
------CAN
CAN
--RS485-2wire
RS485-2wire

Bus-Name
------IMB2 *
IMB2 *
--ION_B
ION_B

figure 3-37 COM22 RJ45 connector, pinning


The interfaces are pre-configured as follows:
COM2:
COM22:

ION-B
IMB 2 *

* IMB network: only for future application

7. COM13 Port
COM 3 &
COM 13

The COM 3 port is an interface for connection of the ION-M network


(configured as RS485, 4-wire) and COM 13 port serves for
connection to the IMB network No.1 *.
COM 13
ION M
and
IMB 1
Interface

Pin 1

Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Signal
R+A
R-B
D+Y
CANH
CANL
D-Z
n.c.
n.c.

Standard
RS485-4wire
RS485-4wire
RS485-4wire
CAN
CAN
RS485-4wire
-----

Bus-Name
ION_M
ION_M
ION_M
IMB 1 *
IMB 1 *
ION_M
-----

figure 3-38 COM13 RJ45 connector, pinning


The interfaces are pre-configured as follows:
COM3:
COM13:

ION-M
IMB 1 *

* IMB network: only for future application

Page 49

8. Connectors SITE LAN 3 and CUSTOMER LAN 1

At the SITE LAN 3 interface a site network can be connected, i.e. depending on user
configuration.
At the CUSTOMER LAN1 Ethernet interface a customer network can be connected.
Thus, the RMC1600 can be integrated into the customer network and connected to
the network operation center (OMC).
Both the SITE LAN 3 and the CUSTOMER LAN 1 connectors are Ethernet interfaces
for data transfer rates of 10/100/1000 MBit / s. The speed is set automatically.

figure 3-39 SITE LAN3 RJ45 connector,


pinning

figure 3-40 CUSTOMER LAN1 RJ45


connector, pinning

Function of the LEDs:


Green: Link/ Activity
C.) Link
ON when a link has been established
OFF when no link is established
D.) Activity
blinking when data packets are transmitted or received
Note: When no device is connected to the SITE LAN3 / CUSTOMER LAN1
interface, the green LED is OFF.
Orange: Speed
Speed
ON 1000 MBit / s link has been established and maintained
OFF 10 MBit / s or 100 MBit / s link has been established and maintained
Page 50

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3 Functional Description

Note:

When no device is connected to SITE LAN3 / CUSTOMER LAN1


interface, the orange LED is OFF.

9. USB Interfaces (4x):


standard USB 2.0 interfaces
one USB interface can be used for keyboard/ mouse connection

figure 3-41 RMC1600 USB interfaces

10. VGA Monitor Connector:


for optional monitor
F Note:

A graphical user interface (GUI) for Linux operating systems of the


RMC1600 is available from deliveries (only with pre-set factory
settings) of the ION Master Controller SW V4.20.3 onwards.

figure 3-42 RMC1600 VGA monitor connector

Page 51

3.3.5.4.

RMC1600 Modem

Optionally, one of the following four modem types can be used as internal modem
for the RMC1600: MC75/ MC88 (EGS5 Cinterion)/ HC25/ TRM3.
The RMC modem automatically adjusts the gain. Via the battery backup, the modem
is supplied with power, even when mains power fails, alarms will continue to be sent.
Additionally, one up to four of the external modems listed above can be connected
to one or more of the four ports COM1, COM7, COM8, COM5 at the RMC1600 rear
side. For detailed information please refer to chapter 3.3.5.3 RMC1600 Rear Side,
Section 4 COM Ports. The customer has to decide and select which modem type is
required.
Each of the modem listed above is automatically reset when it is not communicating
any longer.

Page 52

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3 Functional Description

3.3.6. Master Controller: MMC Plus


Locally, system control of the MMC plus may be accessed via the Ethernet connector
for local access (locations see illustration in chapter 3.3.6.1 MMC Plus Front). For
further details on the local connection please refer to chapter 4.5.3 System Startup of
MMC Plus.
The MMC plus will boot automatically two minutes after the respective power supply
switch of the Master Unit has been set to on, i.e. when the required voltage has been
fed for two minutes. To avoid the two-minute-delay, press the ON/OFF button after
having waited for five seconds. For details see chapter 3.3.6.1 MMC Plus Front.
The MMC plus is provided with an automatic shutdown function to prevent overtemperature. At 70 C the system will send out an according alarm message via
modem, and then shut down into standby mode. The software is factory-set to initiate
a reboot as soon as the temperature has fallen to 40 C. The system can also be
rebooted locally using the ON/OFF button (see chapter 3.3.6.1 MMC Plus Front) as
soon as the temperature has fallen below 40 C.
3.3.6.1.

MMC Plus Front Side

Status LED
Alarms LED
External-alarm
output
connector X2

ON/OFF/ Reset Button


Ethernet connector
for local access

Alarm-input
connector X3

USB
connector
Summary-alarm
connector X4

figure 3-43 MMC Plus, connectors at front side

Page 53

1. Functions of MMC Plus ON/OFF Button


Use this button
o

to shorten the boot delay of 2 minutes i.e. after voltage supply has been
connected, wait approximately 5 seconds, press this button for 0.5 seconds to
start the boot process directly

to shut down the MMC Plus completely by pressing the button for longer than five
seconds but shorter than 10 seconds (5 sec < press button < 10 sec)

to initiate a reset if the system is not responding any more by pressing the button
for more than 10 seconds

2. MMC Plus LEDs


Name

Colour

green
STATUS LED
green +
red =
yellow
red
green
EXTERNAL-ALARMS
LED

green +
red =
yellow
red

SUMMARY-ALARM
RELAY

-----

Operational
state

Description

flashing

Mains power is on PC is OFF. In this case it is


allowed to switch mains power (+12 V) OFF.

continuous
lighting

Application software has started.

continuous
lighting

Boot-up process or PC shutdown in progress.

continuous
lighting
continuous
lighting
continuous
lighting
continuous
lighting
alarm status off
alarm status on

Alarm supervision of system cannot be ensured


due to internal failure.
No system alarm is raised.
Currently not used
System alarm is raised.
No system alarm is raised.
System alarm is raised.

table 3-6 LED description of MMC Plus module

Page 54

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3 Functional Description
3. PIN Assignment of MMC Plus Summary Alarm Connector
Summary-alarm
connector

3 1

1
2
3

2
figure 3-44 MMC Plus, Relay
contacts, alarm condition

figure 3-45 PIN assignment of MMC Plus


summary-alarm connector X4

PIN
1
2
3

Summary alarm
Voltage: 48 Vdc
Max. current: 100 mA

X4 Connector
Description
Closed in alarm condition
Common
Open in alarm condition

table 3-7 PIN assignment of MMC Plus relay contacts,


alarm condition
The summary alarm is raised:

when mains is not applied

and / or when one or more alarm is active.

Page 55

4. PIN Assignment of MMC Plus External Alarms Connector

Out 1

Alarm
output
connector
X2

Out 3

Out 5

Out 7

External
alarm
input
connector
X3

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

Out 2

Out 4

Out 6

Out 8

Common for
alarm inputs

figure 3-46 PIN assignment of MMC Plus external alarm input/ output connector
PIN
1
3
5

Description
Open in alarm condition
Common
Closed in alarm condition

1 5

3
table 3-8 PIN assignment, exemplary for
MMC Plus Output 1 (alarm condition)

Page 56

figure 3-47 Alarm relay contacts with PIN


assignment, exemplary for MMC Plus
Output 1 (alarm condition)

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

Pin
1
3
5
2
4
6
7
9
11
8
10
12
13
15
17
14
16
18
19
21
23
20
22
24

X 2 Connector
External Out Connector 1 (OUT 1-8)
OUT 1
External Out 1 open in alarm condition
External Out 1 common
External Out 1 closed in alarm condition
OUT 2
External Out 2 open in alarm condition
External Out 2 common
External Out 2 closed in alarm condition
OUT 3
External Out 3 open in alarm condition
External Out 3 common
External Out 3 closed in alarm condition
OUT 4
External Out 4 open in alarm condition
External Out 4 common
External Out 4 closed in alarm condition
OUT 5
External Out 5 open in alarm condition
External Out 5 common
External Out 5 closed in alarm condition
OUT 6
External Out 6 open in alarm condition
External Out 6 common
External Out 6 closed in alarm condition
OUT 7
External Out 7 open in alarm condition
External Out 7 common
External Out 7 closed in alarm condition
OUT 8
External Out 8 open in alarm condition
External Out 8 common
External Out 8 closed in alarm condition

table 3-9 MMC Plus alarm-output connector


X2, PIN assignment

Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

X 3 Connector
External Alarm IN Connector
Ext Alarm 1
Common input 1 - 8
Ext Alarm 2
Common input 1 - 8
Ext Alarm 3
Common input 1 - 8
Ext Alarm 4
Common input 1 - 8
Ext Alarm 5
Common input 1 - 8
Ext Alarm 6
Common input 1 - 8
Ext Alarm 7
Common input 1 - 8
Ext Alarm 8
Common input 1 - 8

table 3-10 MMC Plus external-alarminput connector X3, PIN assignment

Note: For configuration of the external alarms please refer to the software
manual for ION-M Master Controller.

Page 57

3.3.6.2.

MMC Plus Backplane

RS485
connector

Connector for
keyboard & mouse
adapter cable PS2

RS232 COM1
connector
(full assignment
for modem)

USB
connector
Connector for
monitor
adapter cable VGA

Ethernet
connector

Modem
power supply
connector RJ12

PSU-alarms
connector

Power supply
connector
2
(including I C bus)

figure 3-48 MMC Plus backplane, description of connectors


1. Power Supply Connector
4

Power supply connector


PIN
Assignment
1
+12 V
2
GND
3
SCL
4
SDA

figure 3-49 MMC Plus power


supply connector, PIN
assignment

Page 58

table 3-11 MMC Plus power supply connector, PIN


assignment

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description
2. PSU-Alarms Connector
1

PSU-alarms connector
PIN
Assignment
1
PSU Alarm 1
2
GND
3
PSU Alarm 2
4
GND
5
PSU Alarm 3
6
GND

2
3
4
5
6

figure 3-50 MMC Plus PSU-alarms


connector, PIN assignment

table 3-12 MMC Plus PSU-alarms connector,


PIN assignment

3. Modem Power Supply Connector RJ12

PIN
1
2
3
4
5
6

figure 3-51 MMC Plus


modem power supply
connector RJ12, PIN
assignment

3.3.6.3.

RJ 12
Modem power connector
+12 V
n.c.
n.c.
IGT_IN
n.c.
GND

Assignment
power supply (+ PIN)
connected to +12 V
power supply (- PIN)

table 3-13 MMC Plus modem power supply connector


RJ12, PIN assignment

MMC Plus VGA PS2 Connection Adapter Kit

This type of connection kit for the monitor and mouse and keyboard can be an
accessory of the MMC Plus.
Molex
connector to
MMC Plus
PS2 connectors
to keyboard/
mouse

The
MMC
Plus
VGA
PS2
Connection Adapter Kit consists of
the PS2 and the VGA cables. Their
exact designation is as follows:
The adapter cable PS2 with a
length of 17 cm is used to connect
the keyboard and mouse.

figure 3-52 MMC Plus PS 2 adapter cable


Page 59

The adapter cable VGA is used


to connect the monitor.
Connector to
MMC Plus

Connector
to monitor

figure 3-53 MMC Plus VGA adapter cable


Connector for
keyboard /
mouse
PS2
adapter cable

The adapter cables have to be


connected to the connectors at
the backplane of the MMC Plus
see figure to the left.

VGA Connector
for monitor
adapter cable

figure 3-54 MMC Plus backplane, connectors for


PS2 and VGA adapter cables

3.3.6.4.

Modems with MMC Plus

Optionally, a modem can be used for the MMC Plus. For operation, connect the data
cable to the COM1 port and the power supply cable to the modem power supply
connector RJ12.
The modem is automatically reset by switching off the modem power supply for a few
seconds when the modem is not communicating any longer.
Further information on the modem reset function is provided in the software manual
for ION-M Master Controller.
Page 60

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

3.3.7. PDU and 1 HU PSU Subrack (Current Type)


A) Functional Description
The current combination of the 1 HU Power Supply Subrack (1 HU PSU-SR) and
the Power Distribution Unit (PDU) replaces the former 3 HU/ 6 HU Power Supply
subracks.
F Note: Either the Power Distribution Unit (PDU) and 1 HU PSU Subrack (SR)
combination is installed or merely the former type of the 3 HU/ 6 HU
PSU subrack described in chapter 3.3.8 Power-Supply Subrack.
The power supply/ distribution combination consists of the PDU and the 1 HU PSU
Subrack (SR) illustrated in figure 3-55 and figure 3-56. One PSU to max. 5 PSUs
(either AC/DC or DC/DC types) can be installed per PSU subrack (normally 4 PSUs).
The PDU (Power Distribution Unit) is installed downstream of the 1 HU PSU SR.
Integrated into a 1-HU casing, the PDU provides individual power control, protection
and status reporting for up to 10 subracks and 7 fan units.
The PDU is replaced as a complete unit, i.e. no sub-components can be replaced by
the user.
The user may switch ON/OFF each of the 10 subracks, either manually via the PDU
front-panel buttons or remotely via the system bus.
Each subrack is protected by an electronic fuse that provides automatic restart (up to
3 attempts) after tripping due to over-current. If an automatic restart fails due to a
persisting overload condition, the user can reset each fuse individually via the front
panel or a system-bus command.
Up to 7 fan units can be connected to the PDU.
The fan outputs also provide electronic fusing, including automatic restart and userinitiated reset via the system bus.
The PDU provides optical status information to the user by 25 bi-color LEDs at the
front panel, covering status information of:

all 10 subracks; i.e. any kind of 12 V subrack (e.g. LTE Subrack US, LTE
subrack EMEA, subrack 3 OTRx, subrack 4 OTRx, ).
The LEDs are indicating: ON/ OFF, fuse-tripped, auto-restarting.
the 7 fan units,
up to 5 PSUs installed inside the 1 HU PSU SR,
2 optional rack temperature sensors and
the rack door (open/closed).

Page 61

All status information can be accessed via the system bus, as well. Therefore, the
PDU also incorporates the functions of the former Rack Alarm Board (RAB) that was
part of the former 3 HU/ 6 HU Power Supply Subracks.
B) Layout

Installed in MU rack

PDU

PSU
SR
(1 HU)

4x PSUs AC (exemplary)

1 dummy module (exemplary)

figure 3-55 PDU & 1 HU PSU AC Subrack (current type) installed in MU, front side,
exemplary
Installed in MU rack

PDU

PSU
SR
(1 HU)

2 PSUs DC (exemplary)

3 dummy modules (exemplary)

figure 3-56 PDU & 1 HU PSU DC Subrack(current type) installed in MU, front side,
exemplary
Attention!
Apply primary input voltage only to PSU modules that are fully inserted and
locked into the 1 HU Power Supply Subrack. This applies both to AC/DC and
DC/DC PSU modules!
Page 62

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

C) Mounting Order
The following units / front panels have to be mounted from the front into the Master
Unit rack in the following order as illustrated in the figure below:
At the lowest level of the rack use two guide rails which are part of the delivery
to mount the 1 HU PSU subrack [1]. If the individual PSU plug-in units are not
yet installed, plug them in separately (see also figure 3-59 1 HU PSU subrack,
front side).
Above the 1 HU PSU subrack either install the strip panel [2] if it was part of the
delivery or one of the slotted front panels [4] (in case two of them were
delivered).
For the 1 HU PDU/ PSU subrack use two guide rails which are part of the
delivery to mount the PDU [3] and PSU subrack 1 HU [1] into the rack.
Above the PDU install a slotted front panel [4].

[4]
[3]
[2]
[1]

figure 3-57 PDU & 1 HU PSU SR 1 (current type), mounting order


D) Mounting the Mains Terminal Block
At the rear side of the Master Unit screw the mains terminal block (AC or DC depending on the order/delivery) to the bottom of the rack as illustrated (see also
figure 3-60 Connections at the rear side).
For details on mounting the mains terminal block please refer to the Assembly
Drawing G3251M150 which is part of the delivery of the AC Kit / DC Kit.
Push the cables of the mains terminal block underneath the 1 HU PSU subrack to the
front side in order to connect them to the individual PSUs. The respective PSU
numbers to which the cables must be connected are labelled, as shown in figure 3-58
Mains terminal block, AC.

Page 63

HIGH LEAKAGE
CURRENT!
Grounding the connection
is essential before
connecting power supply!

Labels showing the


PSU numbers to which
the cables must be
connected.

figure 3-58 Mains terminal block, AC


The PSU numbering at the front is as follows (from 1 to 5 from left to right):
PSU 1

PSU 2

PSU 3

PSU 4

Empty (PSU 5)

figure 3-59 1 HU PSU subrack, front side


E) Connections at the Rear Side

PDU

[4]

[3]

[2]
[1]
[4]

[3]
[5]

PSU subrack

figure 3-60 Connections at the rear side


Page 64

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description
The following cables have to be connected:
Connect the two ribbon cables [1] and [2] between 1 HU PSU subrack and PDU
(see illustration above).
Connect the black [3] and red [4] power cables from the PDU to the threaded
bolts at the 1 HU PSU subrack. Additionally observe the following rules:
1.

In case of an AC power supply also snap the two ferrite cores [5] over the
black cables and move them as close up to the PSU-subrack bolts as
possible.

2.

The parts required for the connections need to be mounted in the following
order:

3.

Keep close attention to the correct polarity of these connections!


Connector installed

Cable ring
terminal
Washer
Lock washer
Nut

At the PDU connect the cables from/to the individual subracks (SR 1 to SR 9) as
well as all others required in your system (e. g. MC, Fans, System Bus, etc.)
according to the labelling on the PDU:

For more detailed information on the connectors, etc. please refer to chapter 3.3.7.1
Mounting Instructions for PDU/ PSU SR Connector Kit.

Page 65

3.3.7.1.

Mounting Instructions for PDU/ PSU SR Connector Kit

F Important note: Install the PDU and 1 HU PSU Subrack into the MU rack
before connecting any cables!
Connect the plugs and adapters from the PDU-connectors kit (illustrated in figure
3-61) to the plugs at the rear side of the PDU. Connect the ribbon cables with the
connectors located at the PDU rear side and at the 1 HU PSU Subrack (SR)
according to the numerical order illustrated in figure 3-62 and figure 3-63 described in
the following steps:
3a = 37-PIN SUB-D
connector to PDU

2 = Subrack
power plugs

4a = 9-PIN SUB-D
connector to PDU

3 = ribbon cable
PSU Interface

3b = 37-PIN SUB-D
connector to
PSU SR (1 HU)

1 = Fan adapters
* SUB-D connector:

4 = ribbon cable
PSU Interface 2

4b = 9-PIN/ 15-PIN *
SUB-D connector to
PSU SR 1 HU

9-PIN variant in first deliveries (Rev. 01),


15-PIN variant in deliveries from Rev.01 onwards

figure 3-61 PDU connector kit, exemplary


5b
+/ Red

5b
- / Black

3a

3b

4b

4a

5a

Grounding-screw
terminal

figure 3-62 PDU connectors, installed, rear side


Page 66

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

3b

5b
+/ Red

5b
- / Black

4b

PSU SR (1 HU) rear side


Layout: Rev. 01 (first deliveries)
3b

5b
- / Black

5b
+/ Red

4b

Grounding-screw
terminal

PSU SR (1 HU) rear side


Layout: deliveries from Rev.01 onwards

figure 3-63 1 HU PSU SR connectors, installed, rear side


1)
Connect the DC power cables pre-mounted to the PDU [5a] with the threaded-bolt
terminals [5b] provided at the rear side of the 1 HU PSU SR, as shown in the
following illustrations:
5a = DC power cables
always fastened to PDU

5b
+/ Red

5b
- / Black

Page 67

2)
Plug in the subrack power plugs [2] into the subrack power connectors provided at
the PDU as in the following illustration:
3a = PSU Interface 1

2 = 10 subrack power connectors

3a)
Connect the female end of the ribbon cable [3a] into the connector PSU Interface
1 [3a] located at the PDU, as illustrated above.
Connect the male end of the ribbon cable [3b] into the connector PSU Interface 1
[3b] located at the 1 HU PSU Subrack rear side, as in the following illustration:
3b = PSU Interface 1

3b)
Connect one end of the ribbon cable [4a] into the connector PSU Interface 2 [4a]
located at the PDU, as in the following illustration:
4a = PSU Interface 2

Connect the other end of the ribbon cable [4b] into the connector PSU Interface 2
[4b] located at the 1 HU PSU Subrack rear side, as in the following illustrations:
4b = PSU Interface 2

Layout Rev. 01 (first deliveries)

Page 68

Layout from Rev.01 onwards

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

4)
Plug in the fan adapters [1] into the fan connectors provided at the PDU as
illustrated in the following:
1 = 7 fan connectors

Exemplary layout:
PDU & PSU Subrack (1 HU)

When finished, it looks like this:

PDU

1 HU
PSU SR
Installation of cables &
connectors finished

figure 3-64 PDU + 1 HU PSU Subrack installed in MU, rear side, exemplary

3.3.7.2.

PDU Configuration

The PDU can also be ordered individually.


Power Distribution Unit (PDU)
front side - uninstalled

figure 3-65 PDU front side, uninstalled

Page 69

Power Distribution Unit (PDU)


rear side - uninstalled

figure 3-66 PDU rear side, uninstalled,


... 1. Configuring the Fan-Alarm Supervision (7-Channel DIP Switch)
The PDU supports 7 fan outputs that provide both power and an individual alarm
interface for each connected fan. If a particular fan output is left unconnected, this will
default to an active fan-alarm condition for that output. To suppress any undesired
fan alarms (e.g. output not in use), the fan-alarm supervision function can be
enabled/ disabled individually for any of the 7 fan outputs by properly setting the 7
DIP-switches that are located to the left of the fan output connectors at the PDUs
rear side.
The left-most DIP-switch (#1) corresponds to the left-most fan output (Fan 1) and so
on. The fan-alarm supervision for a particular fan output is enabled by bringing the
corresponding DIP-switch into the lower (ON) position. In the upper (OFF) DIPswitch position the fan-alarm supervision of the corresponding fan output is disabled.
F Note: The DIP switches only affect the fan-alarm supervision and indication.
The fan-power output and its electronic overload protection functions
will always be operative for all 7 fan outputs, regardless of the
position of the DIP switches.

figure 3-67 Fan config alarm, 7-channel DIP switch

Page 70

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

... 2. Configuring the System-Bus Interface (5-Channel DIP Switch)


The PDU system bus actively supports both an RS485/4-wire interface and an IMBus interface. The RS485/4-wire interface can be enabled/disabled by properly
setting the 5 DIP-switches that are located to the left of the system-bus connectors at
the PDU rear side.
All 5 DIP switches must be either in the upper (OFF) or lower (ON) position.
In the upper (OFF) DIP-switch position the RS485/4-wire interface is disabled.
In the lower (ON) DIP-switch position the RS485/4-wire interface is enabled.
The IM-Bus interface is always enabled.

figure 3-68 System-bus interface, 5-channel DIP switch

Page 71

... 3. Configuring the System-Bus Address(16-Position Rotary Switch)


The PDU address (1 to 13/ 15 *) for the system bus (RS485/ 4-wire) can be set by a
rotary switch (illustrated in figure 3-69) located at the PDU front panel. Normally, this
configuration setting must be done only once. Any change in the address setting
during live operation will become valid immediately; resetting or power cycling the
PDU is not required for that purpose.
Set the PDU address switch to a position 1-13 / 1-15 *, paying close attention to
the direction of the engraved arrow in the switch (emphasized in figure 3-69)! The
number shown on the PDU rotary address switch corresponds to the address set in
the Web interface of the Master Controller.
Depending on the Master Controller (MC) SW version installed, positions 1-13 or
1-15 of the PDU address switch can be set. Accordingly, only the max. number of 13
or 15 PDUs can be installed in the system; for details see table 3-14.
Please note that position 0 is not supported by the MC and cannot be set,
irrespective of the SW version installed.
The same settings apply to the RAB address range 1-13/ 1-15. For detailed
information please refer to chapter 3.3.9.9 Rack Alarm Board (RAB).

Set switch to:


1 - 13 / 1 -15 *

0: NOT supported
by ION MC SW!

figure 3-69 System-bus rotary address switch (16 positions)


* see table 3-14:

Address range supported


< MC SW V5.5.x
MC SW V5.5.x

PDU
min. max.
1
13
1
15

table 3-14 PDU address range supported by MC SW

Page 72

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

F Note: PDU and RAB use and work in the same RS485 address ranges of the
ION MC SW (1-13/ 1-15) where each PDU and RAB address is allowed
only ONCE in the system.
Therefore, a PDU/ RAB must NOT be set to the address of another
PDU/ RAB in the system, i.e. a unique system bus address must be
assigned to each PDU/ RAB. Please see also corresponding description
in chapter 3.3.9.9 Rack Alarm Board (RAB).

Page 73

3.3.7.3.

PDU: Operating Instructions - LED Indication

The PDU can be ordered either as a component of the ION-M Master Unit or
individually.
Power Distribution Unit (PDU) front side

figure 3-70 PDU operating elements, front side


... 1. Description of Operating Elements
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Designation of Operating Element in figure 3-70


Door Alarm LED, see description in section 3.3.7.4
External-Temperature Sensor LEDs 1+2, see description in chapter 3.3.7.4
Fan Status LEDs 1-7, see description in chapter 3.3.7.4, section ... 1
Global Re-Init button, see description in chapter 3.3.7.3, section ... 5
Address Switch for system bus, see description in chapter 3.3.7.2, section ... 3
PSU Status LEDs 1-5, see description in chapter 3.3.7.4
Subrack Status LEDs, see description in section 3.3.7.4 and
push buttons (MC, SR1 SR9), see description chapter 3.3.7.3, section ... 2
table 3-15 PDU operating elements, front side

Page 74

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description
... 2. Subracks
The PDU supports 10 outputs providing power to subracks installed downstream. A
dedicated push button and a status LED at the PDU front panel is assigned to each
subrack output, the LEDs being described in detail in chapter 3.3.7.4.
During the first start-up of the PDU all 10 subrack outputs will normally default to the
OFF state as indicated by all subrack status LEDs staying dark.
The user may turn ON a particular subrack by shortly pressing the respective button
at the PDU front panel. The corresponding LED will turn to solid green.
As soon as a subrack is switched ON, it will continuously be monitored for overload
conditions by an internal electronic fuse circuit.
If an overload is encountered, the affected subrack output will be immediately turned
OFF and the fault condition will be indicated by the LED going red.
The PDU will automatically make max. 3 attempts each one several seconds apart
- to turn the failed subrack ON again. In case of success of this auto recovery
process, the LED will show green light again. The number of encountered overload
trip conditions will be deleted from that subrack channels internal trip history log after
60 seconds of overload-free operation. If a subrack output fails all 3 recovery
attempts, accumulating them in the trip history log, then this subrack output will stay
OFF, the LED will go continuously red and the PDU will take no further action for this
subrack until user intervention.
This can be accomplished by turning the affected subrack OFF and ON again by
pressing the respective front panel button twice. The PDU will then reset the trip
history log for this subrack channel and try to turn it ON again.
The function of the front panel buttons and the LED status indication can also be
accessed online via the system bus for all 10 subrack channels.
The PDU will internally store the ON/OFF stati of all 10 subracks and try to restore
them after a power-cycling event. The PDU will indicate the progress of this
restoration process by green flashing of the subrack status LEDs.
... 3. Fans
The PDU supports 7 fan outputs that provide both power and individual alarm
interfaces for each connected fan.
After power-up the PDU will automatically switch ON the 7 fan outputs after a few
seconds. This will happen in two groups: first FAN1FAN4 will be started and after a
short delay FAN5FAN7 will be started as well. The corresponding fan status LEDs
at the PDUs front panel will go alive if the fan-alarm supervision was enabled for a
particular fan output (for Configuration of the Fan-alarm supervision please refer to
the installation guide of the 1 HU PDU/ PSU Subrack) .
During overload conditions the fan channels do employ the same trip & auto-recovery
regime as described for the subrack outputs. However, the status indication via the
LEDs (see description in chapter 3.3.7.4 PDU Status Indication LEDs, section ... 3 )
and the system bus will only be active if the fan-alarm supervision is enabled for a
particular fan channel.
Page 75

A user-initiated reset of individual fan outputs can only be accomplished via the
system bus since the PDU bears no control buttons for that purpose.
... 4. PSUs
The PDU provides status information for up to 5 PSUs (located in the PSU Subrack
1 HU upstream) via individual LEDs at its front panel (see description in chapter
3.3.7.4 PDU Status Indication LEDs, section ... 4).
In case of failure of an individual PSU the PDU will try to recover it over and over
again, setting no limit to the number of recovery-attempts.
The PSUs live stati are also accessible via the system bus, whereas the auto
recovery is only handled internally and cannot be enforced by the user.
... 5. Global Re-Init Button
The PDU features an additional push button at the
front panel that serves as an actuator to trigger
several special functions.
This push button is recessed behind the front
panel and can be accessed through a small
opening by using a suitable tool (e.g. a pen) to
prevent inadvertent operation.
Function 1: Reset electronic fuses
Press down the re-init button for a period of min. 3 seconds to max. 7 seconds and
release it again:
This will delete all internal trip history logs (for subracks and fans). For subracks/fans
that are currently in the tripped state the 3-attempt auto-recovery procedure will be
started as described above.
Function 2: Delete missing PSUs
Press down the re-init button for a period > 10 seconds:
This will disable the alarm supervision of all PSUs that are currently missing/not
installed.
Use this function after changing the PSU configuration to suppress any false PSUmissing alarm indications.

Page 76

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

3.3.7.4.

PDU Status Indication LEDs

The front panel provides 25 bi-color LEDs for visual status indication.
... 1. Door Alarm LED
The PDU provides status information of the racks door
(open/closed) via the red/ green bi-color LED at the front
panel. It indicates the status of the door switch.
The live door alarm status is also accessible via the
system bus.
For Door-Alarm LED description please refer to table 3-17
Status LED, PSU module, description.
... 2. External-Temperature-Sensor Status LEDs
The PDU provides status information for up to 2 externaltemperature sensors via the red/ green bi-color LED at its
front panel. It indicates the status of each of the 2 external
temperature sensors.
The live sensor stati as well as their temperature readouts
can by accessed via the system bus.
For description of the External-Temperature-Sensor Status
LEDs please refer to table 3-17 Status LED, PSU module,
description.
... 3. Fan-Status LEDs
The PDU provides a dedicated bi-color LED for each of
the 7 fan outputs. The LEDs indicate the status of each
fan.
For Fan-Status LED description please refer to table 3-17
Status LED, PSU module, description.

Page 77

... 4. PSU-Status LEDs


The PDU front panel provides a dedicated red/
green bi-color LED indicating the status of
each of the 5 PSU modules located in the PSU
subrack.
For PSU-Status LEDs description please refer to
table 3-17 Status LED, PSU module, description.
... 5. Subrack-Status LEDs

The PDU front panel provides a dedicated bi-color LED for each of the 10 Subrack
(Master Controller and SR 1-9) power output channels, located to the left of the
respective push button.
For Subrack-Status LED description please refer to overall table 3-17 Status LED,
PSU module, description.

Subrack
Status

x
x

Fan Status
x

PSU Status

green

LED
Designation

red

Color

x
x
x
f

External
Temperature
Sensor
Status

Door Switch
Status

x
x

Description of Indicated Status


OFF: Power output OFF
Power output ON / alarm-free condition
Power output OFF / fuse tripped - alarm pending
OFF: Alarm supervision disabled
Fan is supervised / alarm-free condition
Fan is supervised / alarm pending
OFF: PSU alarm supervision disabled
PSU OK / alarm-free condition
PSU alarm pending
Red & Green mixed = Orange: AC-Fail alarm pending
Red flashing: PSU-Missing alarm pending
OFF: No sensor detected
Sensor detected. Temperature in defined range
Sensor detected. Temperature out of defined range (range yet to be
defined)
Rack door closed
Rack door open

table 3-16 PDU Status LEDs, description of function


Page 78

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

3.3.7.5.

1 HU PSU Subrack (SR) (Current Type)

A) Description
The 1 HU PSU Subrack can be ordered as a component of the ION-M Master Unit or
individually, as well.
The 1 HU PSU Subrack (SR) provides 5 slots for power supply units and operates on
the n+1 redundancy principle, i.e. one redundant power supply unit can be installed
to take over in case of failure of another power supply unit. The power supply units
are designed for a hot-plug system; thus, it is possible to exchange individual power
supply units while the system is operating.
B) Layout of 1 HU PSU Subrack
Empty 1 HU PSU Subrack
front side - uninstalled

figure 3-71 1 HU PSU SR, front side, empty, uninstalled

Status LED

Handle

1 HU PSU Subrack with 5 AC PSUs


front side - uninstalled

Locking lever

figure 3-72 1 HU PSU SR with 5 AC PSUs, front side, uninstalled


1 HU PSU Subrack rear side
version: Rev. 01 (first deliveries)

figure 3-73 1 HU PSU SR, rear, uninstalled, layout of first deliveries

Page 79

1 HU PSU Subrack rear side


deliveries from Rev.01 onwards

figure 3-74 1 HU PSU SR, rear, uninstalled, layout of deliveries from Rev.01 onwards
C) Status LED of the PSU Module - Description
Power Supply Condition
No input power (AC or DC)
AC or DC input power present / main output OFF
DC outputs ON and OK
DC output failure (over-current, over-voltage, undervoltage)
PSU fan failure, over-temperature

LED color (Green/ Orange)


OFF
Blinking green
Solid green
Blinking orange
Solid orange

table 3-17 Status LED, PSU module, description


D) Replacement of a PSU Module
Attention!
Apply primary input voltage only to PSU modules that are fully inserted and
locked into the 1 HU Power Supply Subrack. This applies both to AC/DC and
DC/DC PSU modules!
To replace an AC PSU module, first unplug the AC connector at the front of the
module.
Then move the green locking lever to the left-hand side and simultaneously use the
black handle to pull out the AC PSU module (for position of locking lever and handle
please refer to figure 3-75 AC PSU module, position of locking lever & handle). To
install a PSU module into the 1 HU PSU SR, insert it into the desired slot and push it
in until the locking lever snaps into place.

Page 80

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

1.

Green locking lever Move LEFT to release!

2.

Black handle pull out module

figure 3-75 AC PSU module, position of locking lever & handle

Page 81

3.3.8. Power-Supply Subracks 3 HU / 6 HU (Former Types)


The power-supply subrack comprises the power supply units as well as the mains
switches for the unit and the switches, by which the subracks can be switched on or
off individually. The system operates on the n+1 redundancy principle, i.e. one
(redundant) power supply can be equipped to take over in case of failure of another
power supply unit. The power supply units are designed for a hot-plug system, thus it
is possible to exchange a power supply while the system is operating.
Both AC and DC power supply subracks are either available in 3 HUs with space for
up to 4 PSUs equipped or in 6 HUs with space for up to 8 PSUs.
The following four different variants of subracks are available:
1.

Subrack with 4 PSUs AC, 3 HU (Mains input voltage 115 VAC to 230 VAC /
Output secondary voltage: 12 V DC [for the fan units])

2.

Subrack with 4 DC PSUs, 3 HU (Mains input voltage 48 VDC/ Output


secondary voltage 12 V DC [for the fan units])

3.

Subrack with 8 DC PSUs, 6 HU (Mains input voltage 48 VDC/ Output


secondary voltage 12 V DC [for the fan units])

4.

Subrack with 8 AC PSUs, 6 HU (Mains input voltage 115 to 230 VAC/ Output
secondary 12 V DC [for the fan units])
Power supply units

Primary fuses

Rack
Alarm
Board
(RAB)

Switches for
secondary voltage

ON
OFF

figure 3-76 Power-supply subrack, 3 HU, front side (former type)


Terminal block

Backplane

exemplary for 4 PSUs AC

figure 3-77 Power-supply subracks 3 HU, rear side (former type)


Page 82

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description
Primary fuses

ON

Switches for secondary voltage

Circuit breaker
K 6 A; series 201
OFF

Circuit breaker
B 10 A; series 201

Rack Alarm Board (RAB)

Power supply units

figure 3-78 Power-supply subrack, 6 HU, front side (former type)

F Note:

In case one of the circuit breakers has tripped, it just needs to be


reset to ON position.
exemplary for 8 DC PSUs

Terminal block *

HIGH LEAKAGE CURRENT!


Ground connection is
essential before
connecting power supply!

Backplane

figure 3-79 Power-supply subracks, 6 HU, rear side (former type)


Page 83

* Terminal block:
AC connection
PE

green/ yellow

not connected (n.c.)

brown

blue

figure 3-80 Terminal block, AC connection


DC connection with -48 V

DC connection with +48 V


n.c.

+48V

red

0V

n.c.

black

figure 3-81 Terminal block, DC


connection with +48 V

n.c.

0V

red

-48V

n.c.

black

figure 3-82 Terminal block, DC


connection with -48 V

F Note: The mains cables to be connected at the terminal block (see


illustration above) is not always part of the delivery of the ION-M MU.
Thus, the following wire-cross section suitable for the size of the
openings at the terminal block must be observed:
For AC PSUs the minimum wire-cross section is 3 x 1.5 mm2, and 3 x 2.5 mm2
maximum.

Page 84

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

For DC PSUs the minimum wire-cross section is 2 x 2.5mm with 4 PSUs. If 8


PSUs are used the minimum wire-cross section is 2 x 6mm.
The appropriate mains cable to be connected at the terminal block depends on
the MU configuration and the resulting power consumption of the unit. The
correct cable to be taken depends mainly on the conduction length and on the
laying procedure. Furthermore, local installation conditions must be taken into
consideration.
Master Units without PSU subracks, such as ION MU with one AC and one DC
PSU, shall be equipped with an external certified circuit breaker in the
installation. The values for these circuit breakers shall be 6 A in the L-wire for
AC and 10 A in the +-wire.
In the following illustration the connectors that can be connected at the rear side of
the PSU subracks are described:
Subrack 4 PSU: Connector Subrack 1-4 are used
Subrack 8 PSU: Connector Subrack 1-8 are used

+12 V RMC
or MMC+

0V

+12 V
Subrack 8
0V

GND (Fan I)

Alarm (Fan I)

+12 V
Subrack 7

+12 V (Fan I)

0V

0V

+12 V
Subrack 6

0V

+12 V Subrack 5

0V

+12 V
Subrack 4

0V

+12 V Subrack 3

0V

+12 V Subrack 2

0V
0V

Modem +12 V

+12 V
Subrack 1

+12V (Fan II)

0 V (Fan III)

Alarm (Fan II)

Select the correct


connection!

0 V (Fan II)

PE

+12V (Fan III)

DC

AC

green/
yellow

Alarm (Fan III)

brown

blue

NC

DC

0V

+48 V

black

red

NC

DC general

-48 V 0 V
black

red

NC

black

red

figure 3-83 Power-supply subrack backplane, description of connectors

Page 85

3.3.9. Optional Equipment


3.3.9.1.

Monitor and Keyboard

Generally, this equipment is provided in a drawer, but location and configuration may
vary depending on customer requirements and operating system (Windows or Linux).
F Note:

A graphical user interface (GUI) for Linux operating systems of the


RMC1600 is available from deliveries (only with pre-set factory
settings) of the ION Master Controller SW V4.20.3 onwards.

figure 3-84 Monitor with keyboard, 1 HU TFT

3.3.9.2.

Uninterruptible Power Supply

For backup purposes of a 19" rack, an uninterruptible power supply unit (UPS) is
available as optional equipment. For this UPS, a separate manual is available.
ON/OFF switch

figure 3-85 UPS

Page 86

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

3.3.9.3.

Input Power Protection (IPP) Option

Current Version of IPP Combiner:


Optionally for GSM900, GSM1800, and UMTS, the combiners may be
equipped with the IPP function (input power protection). The IPP boards,
which are an integral part of the combiners, scan each port and measure
the input power of the signals for each channel. If the input power
exceeds the threshold set by software (for details see separate software
documentation), an attenuation of 15 dB will be set for the port to protect
the system.
Depending on the maximum number of carriers set for a combiner, the
input power threshold has to be set accordingly observing the total
power specified for the system (see individual band specifications in the
Users Manual of the RU).

Port 4

Port 3

Port 2

Port 1

figure 3-86 Ports of IPP combiner, current version

Page 87

Input Power Protection Combiner (Option)


a)

Functional Description
Front side

Down button
Up button

Display

Enter button

Status LED
Port 3

Each path has its own variable


attenuator which can be set via the
software.
The BTS ports are accessible from the
front side (SMA connectors).

Status LED
Port 1
Status LED
Port 2

The current 4-way combiner with Input


Power Protection (IPP) is used for
700 MHz - 2600 MHz in the single-user
subrack to distribute 4 BTS ports (UL
or DL) to one optical interface (OTRx).

4 BTS ports
(UL/ DL)
SMA
connectors

Status LED
Port 4

The module is placed in a 19" plug-in


module with the following dimensions:
H x W x D:
3 H x 6 HP x 223.8 mm (88.1 inch).
For
electrical
and
mechanical
specifications of the combiner and
scanner please refer to the Additional
Information on the IPP combiner, which
is
available
as
separate
documentation.

figure 3-87 Ports of IPP combiner, current


version
F Note: The first release of this current 4-way IPP combiner type is only a
replacement for the already existing type of IPP combiner.
This current version is backward compatible to the existing version of the
IPP combiner as it can be plugged into a subrack containing 2 OTRx in
contrast to the current IPP combiner version.
The current IPP combiner is more broad-band, more agnostic and more configurable
than the existing version of the combiner with IPP. It also has a more powerful control
unit than the current version.
Regarding wide-band, there are band ranges tailor-made for US and Europe
covering as much bands as possible.
The current IPP combiner is capable of software and image downloads and to work
as an I2C bus connected to the OTRx communicating directly to the Master
Controller.
Page 88

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description
b)

Software Features

The 4-way combiner with Input Power Protection (IPP) features the following:
- Individual high and low thresholds can be set per port (via WEB-GUI * and Setup
menu).
- Electronic attenuators are available for leveling and power cutback.
- Indication per port by red/ green LED which shows the status.
In parallel, the display shows the high-level and low-level threshold values, and
other status information.
- Indication by red LED in case of Low-Level Alarm (which will be triggered when a
signal does not reach a low level) or High-Level Alarm (which will be triggered
when a signal reaches the high-level threshold).
- In case of too much input power, the signal will be cut back to a level which is by
hysteresis value under the high-level threshold.
Furthermore, an over-power alarm is triggered (see following illustrations).
The alarm and cutback are cleared when the signal value is the value defined by
the hysteresis below the max. threshold (see following illustrations).

A graphical user interface (GUI) for Linux operating systems of the RMC1600 is
available from deliveries (only with pre-set factory settings) of the ION Master
Controller SW V4.20.3 onwards.

Page 89

- The measured RF power is indicated as measured at the combiner output as "rms" value
and weighted by the modulation scheme.
- Scanning is full-band and the threshold value corresponds to the channel power. When port
power exceeds the threshold, the attenuation for the RF path of this port will be adjusted.
- Via the Setup menu it is possible to set the leveling attenuation of the unit manually.
- Attenuation can be set with the
[Up] and
[Down] buttons. In the Leveling menu,
attenuation and measured RF power are indicated as full-band rms (manual leveling).

- Note: The IPP combiner module is plugged in the MU and thus supplied with mains

power from the MU.

- To switch on the IPP combiner menu, any button can be pressed.

- F Note:

After 4 minutes without making any entries, i.e. without pressing


any button, the screensaver will appear. In normal operation this
means that the ANDREW flash will be moving through the display.
After additional 4 minutes without making any entries, i.e. without
pressing any button, the display will switch off automatically.

- By pressing the menu buttons

submenus is possible.

and

, clicking through the various screen

- The basic screen is the Status Overview menu.

Page 90

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description
-Status overview:
-Port1 status/setting
-Port2 status/setting
-Port3 status/setting
-Port4 status/setting
Status - Overview

Status - Port 1

Status - Port 2

Status - Port 3

Status - Port 4

Port1: ok
Port2: no signal
Port3: overpower
Port4: disabled

Alarm:
RSSI:
H-Level:
L-Level:

Alarm: Low-Alarm
RSSI:
-21dBm
H-Level: +3dBm
L-Level: -5dBm

Alarm: High-Alarm
RSSI:
+5dBm
H-Level: +3dBm
L-Level: -5dBm

Alarm:
RSSI:
H-Level:
L-Level:

no
+1dBm
+3dBm
-5dBm

----+3dBm
-5dBm

- The module is capable of a software upload via I2C.


- First implementation is on I2C but all hardware is prepared for a change to RS485 if a
software is capable to handle the I2C bus and the RS485, the module auto-detects which
bus is connected and in case of both busses applied, it always selects the RS485 bus.
- HID is included.

c) Setup Menu
Press the

[Enter] button in all menus to inherit all values changed.

When local setup is enabled by the owner (default), all settings can also be made
locally.
After power-on, press the

button to enter the Setup menu of the display. Then all


the following options possible - currently and in future - will be displayed:
Port 1 Port 4, IC-Address *, DDCMP-Address *, Function and back.
Setup
Port 1
Port 2
Port 3
Port 4
IC-Address *
DDCMP-Address *
Function
Back

with RS485
* Note:

I C-Address and DDCMP-Address cannot be selected in this first release and have no
function. These submenus are pre-defined by the replacement of the existing IPP
2
combiner type. I C-Address and DDCMP-Address will only be selectable in a later release.

Press the

and

buttons to mark the topic and to select the sub-menu item.

Page 91

After pressing Function in the Setup menu, the display changes to the Setup
Function submenu. The display shows Normal Operation, Replacement and Back.
Under Replacement the frequency range desired can be selected.
Setup Function
Normal Operation
Replacement
Back

Once a port selection has been made, the display changes to the corresponding submenu, see following illustration (exemplary for Port 1, analog for Port 2 - Port 4):
Setup
Port 1
Enable/Disable
Band
Modulation
Leveling
High alarm thresh.
Low alarm thresh.
Hysteresis
Fix attenuation

With Disable or Enable the selected port can be activated for scanning or not.
Setup
Port 1
Disable
Enable

The Leveling menu shows the port number used for leveling (see exemplary
illustration below) and, just for information, the modulation scheme, fix attenuation
(between Combiner and input OTRx), RSSI, attenuation and Back.
In the Leveling menu, the RSSI is constantly measured and updated.
Setup: Port1-Leveling
Mod.: GMSK
Fix-Att.: 6dB
RSSI: +3dBm
Att.:
8.5dB
back

By pressing the

button, the level of the attenuation [Att.] required can be set.

F Note: All values of the power levels/ thresholds can be set in steps of
0.5 dB.
F Note: To inherit the changed value, press the

Page 92

button.

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description
With HLT [High Level Threshold] the upper power-window edge can be set. When
power raises above this threshold, an overpower-alarm will occur. The range can be
set from -15 dBm to 20 dBm in steps of 0.5 dB.
When HLT is marked, i.e. indicated by a highlighted text, the HLT value can be
changed by the
and
buttons. Press the
button to save the value desired.
For information, the actual RSSI value is displayed.
Setup Port 1 HLT
(High Level Threshold
RSSI: -99.0 dBm
HLT: +3.0 dBm
Back

With LLT [Low Level Threshold] the lower power-window edge can be set. When
power falls under this threshold, a low-power alarm will occur. The range can be set
from -20 dBm to 10 dBm in steps of 0.5 dB.
When LLT is marked, indicated by a highlighted text, the LLT value can be changed
by the
and
buttons. Press the
information, the actual RSSI is displayed.

button to save the value desired. For

Setup Port 1 LLT


Low
Level
Tthreshold
RSSI: -99.0 dBm
LLT: 8.0 dBm
Back

Each threshold has a hysteresis for alarming which can be set in the menu item
Hysteresis. The range can be set from 0 dB to 5 dB in steps of 0.5 dB. When
Hysteresis is marked, i.e. indicated by a highlighted text, the hysteresis value can be
changed by the

and

buttons. Press the

button to save the value desired.

Setup Port 1
Hysteresis
Hys: 2.0 dB
Back

The parameters can be changed in the corresponding sub-menu. Press the


to save values and they will no longer be displayed as highlighted text.

button

When Fix-Att.: [Fix attenuation] (for subsequent duplexer or splitter losses) is


selected, the value can be changed in a range from 0 5 dB with the
and
buttons. Note: This value will be applied to the whole module, so when changed at
Port 1, it will also be changed at Ports 2, 3 and 4.
Setup
Fix attenuation
(subsequent DPX
or splitter loss)
Att.: 5dB
back

Page 93

3.3.9.4.

Low Input Power Alarm (Option)

For the 800 MHz LMR band, a BTS connect with low input power alarm is available.
The BTS connect scans each port and measures the input power for each channel.
The alarm is raised if the input power falls below a user-set threshold. The threshold
can be set individually for each channel.
Additionally, the IPP alarm as described in chapter 3.3.9.3 Input Power Protection
(IPP) Option is integrated for the 800 MHz LMR band into this BTS connect.

figure 3-88 Ports of Low IPP alarm

Page 94

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

3.3.9.5.

System Alarm Board (SAB)

Not connected
Summary-alarm
connector
without
function
Status LED
(yellow)
Operation LED
(green)

figure 3-89 System alarm board (SAB)

In case of upgrading a system alarm board (SAB) in a MU, observe the following:
Use a RS232 cable to connect the RS232 connector at the rear side of the SAB with
the RS232 connector at the backplane.
The optional system alarm board is located in the first rack of a Master Unit, in the
optical and combining section (see also chapter 3.3 Components of the Master Unit).
The alarm board provides eight alarm inputs, eight alarm outputs, as well as a
summary-alarm output (generally one closed and one open). The board also
provides a green (operation) LED. Any alarm raise is indicated by the status LED
showing a yellow light.
Whenever there is a failure triggering an alarm occurring somewhere in the system, a
summary alarm is raised and can be retrieved e.g. by establishing a connection
between a summary-alarm relay and the alarm input of the BTS.
If required, up to 64 SABs are supported by the MC from software Rel. V2.5.

Page 95

DIP-Switches on the System Alarm Board


DIP switches

Position ON

Position OFF

figure 3-90 DIP-switches on the system alarm board


If an upgrade of the system alarm board is desired, all 63 SABs must have a different
address; address 64 is reserved for the SAB integrated in the MMC Plus. The
following table describes the exact addresses and possible settings:
DIP-Switch No.:
Alarm board No.
Alarm board No.
Alarm board No.
Alarm board No.
Alarm board No.
Alarm board No.

1
1
2
3
4
5
6 63

1
0
1
0
1

0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
Continue according to binary system

8
0
0
0
0
0

0 = Position OFF
1 = Position ON

table 3-18 DIP-switch settings of the system alarm board


F Note: To safeguard that the RMC1600 controller recognizes the SAB, any
address other than 0 must be set on the SAB.

Page 96

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

3.3.9.6.

PIN Assignment of SAB Summary-Alarm Connector

3 1
1
2
3

2
figure 3-91 SAB relay contacts, alarm
condition
SAB Summary alarm
Voltage: 48 Vdc
Max. current: 100 mA

figure 3-92 SAB summary alarm


connector, PIN assignment
PIN
1
2
3

Description
Closed in alarm condition
Common
Open in alarm condition

table 3-19 SAB relay contacts, PIN assignment


The summary alarm is raised:

when mains is not applied and/ or

when one or more alarm is active.

Page 97

3.3.9.7.

PIN Assignment of SAB External-Alarms Connector

Out 1

Out 3

Out 5

Out 7
SAB external alarms:

10

11

12

10

11

12

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

Out 2

Out 4

Out 6

Out 8

Voltage: 48 Vdc
Max. current: 100 mA

Alarm
inputs

Ground for
alarm inputs

figure 3-93 PIN assignment of SAB external-alarm input / outputs connector


1 5

PIN
1
3
5

Description
Open in alarm condition
Common
Closed in alarm condition

table 3-20 PIN assignment of SAB alarmrelay contacts, exemplary for Output 1
(alarm condition)

Page 98

figure 3-94 SAB relay contacts,


exemplary for Output 1 (alarm
condition)

M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description

3.3.9.8.

External-Alarm Relays

The PIN assignment of the external-alarm relays is as follows:


PIN
1
3
5
2
4
6
7
9
11
8
10
12
PIN
1
3
5
2
4
6
7
9
11

Ext. Out Connector 1 (OUT 1-4)


OUT 1:
Ext. Out 1 open in alarm condition
Ext. Out 1 common
Ext. Out 1 closed in alarm condition
OUT 2:
Ext. Out 2 open in alarm condition
Ext. Out 2 common
Ext. Out 2 closed in alarm condition
OUT 3:
Ext. Out 3 open in alarm condition

Ext. Out 3 common


Ext. Out 3 closed in alarm condition
OUT 4:
Ext. Out 4 open in alarm condition

Ext. Out 4 common


Ext. Out 4 closed in alarm condition
Ext. Out Connector 2 (OUT 5-8)
OUT 5:
Ext. Out 5 open in alarm condition
Ext. Out 5 common
Ext. Out 5 closed in alarm condition
OUT 6:
Ext. Out 6 open in alarm condition
Ext. Out 6 common
Ext. Out 6 closed in alarm condition
OUT 7:
Ext. Out 7 open in alarm condition
Ext. Out 7 common
Ext. Out 7 closed in alarm condition
OUT 8:
Ext. Out 8 open in alarm condition
Ext. Out 8 common
Ext. Out 8 closed in alarm condition
Ext. In Connector
Ext Alarm 1
Ext Alarm 2
Ext Alarm 3
Ext Alarm 4
Ext Alarm 5
Ext Alarm 6
Ext Alarm 7
Ext Alarm 8

8
10
12
PIN
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
2, 4, 6, 8, 10,
Ground for external alarms In
12, 14, 16

table 3-21 External-alarm inputs and outputs, PIN assignment

Page 99

F Note:

The manufacturer / supplier of this system accepts no liability for


damage caused by equipment connected to external outputs or by
effects from such equipment.

With the external-alarm inputs it is possible to monitor the status of connected


devices, e.g. a UPS, via software. All alarm inputs are normally high (5 V) without
connection and can be changed via software (V2.4 and higher).
The device to be monitored must be connected so that the alarm contacts * will be
closed in case of an alarm (I max = 8 mA). The alarm inputs are potential-free with
common ground.
* contact on the right side is always ground (GND)
3.3.9.9.

Rack Alarm Board (RAB)


LEDs PSU1 to PSU8:
Indication
PSUs

for

equipped

LED DOOR:
Indication of open door
alarm (Master Unit has to be
equipped with a door
contact)
LED PSU / FAN:
Indication of PSU or fan
alarm
LED PWR:
Indication
of
operational status

RAB

figure 3-95 Rack alarm board (RAB), 3-D view


F Note:

Page 100

With ION MC SW < V.5.5.x one to 13 RABs can be connected to an


MU system, since only RAB addresses 1 -13 are supported. From
ION MC SW V.5.5.x one to 15 RABs can be connected to a MU
system since RAB addresses 1-15 are supported, see also table
3-23.
M0106A9AH.doc

3 Functional Description
Please observe that the alarms are also displayed in the webpage of the MC SW.
DIP Switches on the RAB for RS485 Address Setting
Rear view

DIP switches
for RS485
address setting
Position OFF
Position ON

figure 3-96 DIP-switches on the RAB for RS485 address setting


If an upgrade of the RAB is desired, all 13 / 15 * RABs must have a different
address. The following table describes the exact addresses and possible settings:
DIP-Switch Position:
Alarm board No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13 *
14 *
15 *
* see table 3-23

ON
off
ON
off
ON
off
ON
off
ON
off
ON
off
ON
off
ON

off
ON
ON
off
off
ON
ON
off
off
ON
ON
off
off
ON
ON

off

off

off

off

off

off

off
off
ON
ON
ON
ON
off
off
off
off
ON
ON
ON
ON

off
off
off
off
off
off
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON

off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off

off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off

off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off

off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off
off

table 3-22 DIP-switch settings of the Rack Alarm Board (RAB)


Page 101

Both the RAB, which is a component of the former 3 HU/ 6 HU PSU Subrack
(illustrated in chapter 3.3.8) and the PDU may be used simultaneously within a MU
system. However, the 1 HU PSU/ PDU subrack (current version) is not equipped with
an RAB of its own. Moreover, its supervision functionality is integrated into the PDU
(see chapter 3.3.7 PDU and 1 HU PSU Subrack).
F Note: RAB and PDU use and work in the same RS485 address ranges of the
ION MC SW (1-13/ 1-15 *) where each RAB and PDU address is allowed
only ONCE in the system.
Therefore, an RAB/ PDU must NOT be set to the address of another
RAB/ PDU in the system, i.e. a unique system bus address must be
assigned to each RAB/ PDU. Please see also corresponding description
in chapter 3.3.7.2 PDU Configuration, section ... 3.
* see table 3-23:

Address range supported


< MC SW V5.5.x
MC SW V5.5.x

RAB
min. max.
1
13
1
15

table 3-23 RAB address range supported by MC SW

Page 102

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3 Functional Description

3.3.9.10. External Modem


Optionally, the Master Unit can be equipped with the GSM modem MC35/ MC88
(EGS5 Cinterion)/ HC25. In that case the BTS cable(s) must be connected at the
corresponding modem connector(s).
Two RF bands can be connected
via these SMA connectors. A
-50 dB signal is decoupled from the
band(s). At least one band has to
be connected for the modem.
Connect:
o Signal(s) from BTS to RF1 in / RF2 in
o Signal(s) to RF1 out / RF2 out (antenna / combiner / splitter / )*
* combiner or splitter depending on customer configuration

The location of the modem(s) depends on the customer configuration. The first
(internal) modem may also be located in the RMC1600, see chapter 3.3.5.4
RMC1600 Modem).

BTS IN

OUT to
optical section of MU

figure 3-97 MC35/ MC88 (EGS5 Cinterion) modem

Page 103

For your notes:

Page 104

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4 Commissioning

4. COMMISSIONING
4.1.

MECHANICAL INSTALLATION

Read the health and safety warnings in chapter 1.2.

F Note:

Observe that the unit has been designed for indoor use, only.

1. Do not install the unit in a way or at a place where the specifications outlined in
the Environmental and Safety Specifications leaflet of the manufacturer are not
met.
2. Note: At the MU bottom, there is a kind of door sweep out of plastics that may be
combustible in case of fire.
Furthermore, the MU rack is not equipped with a base tub underneath. Thus, due
to fire protection requirements, the construction ground to which the MU is
placed must be of a non-combustible material (e.g. concrete).
3. If the unit is delivered without cabinet for the installation in a different housing,
ensure sufficient airflow for cooling inside and through the housing.
4. The unit is considerably heavy. In standard configuration, the weight may reach
approximately 300 kg. Make sure the unit is mounted on suitable ground. Ensure
there is adequate manpower to handle the weight of the system.
5. Ensure sufficient airflow for ventilation so that the outside air temperature does
not exceed 40 C.
6. In case the unit is supplied in a turnframe rack, remove the two transport locks at
the left side (figure 4-1, B0106ADA) by loosening the M5.5x13 tapping screws
and unhook the lock. To remove the transport locks shown in figure 4-1,
B0106A9A, loosen the M8 nuts by which they are fastened to the rack. To loosen
the nuts, use an appropriate tool, e.g. a spanner.

M8 nuts
Screws
M5.5x13

figure 4-1 Transport locks to be removed

Page 105

F Note:

The additional transport


locks at the top and
bottom of the rack*
illustrated in the figures
to the right do not have
to be removed.

* only installed in turnframe rack

figure 4-2 Additional transport locks


7. It is recommended to unpack the Master Unit at the installation location only.
8. Dismount the transport plugs from the bottom, mount the leveling legs and level
the cabinet of the MU.
F Note: To ensure sufficient airflow for
ventilation, the four leveling legs with
thread M12 that are part of the delivery
have to be mounted to the bottom of
the rack.
Fasten the leveling legs to the correct
position with the locking nuts.

Page 106

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4 Commissioning

4.2.

ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION

4.2.1. General
Read the health and safety warnings in chapter 1.2.
1. This unit contains dangerous voltages. Loss of life, severe personal injury
or property damage can be the result if the instructions contained in this
manual are not followed.
2. Ground the unit before connecting power supply! A grounding bolt is
provided on the cabinet to connect the ground bonding cable.
3. Hard-wired installation of mains supply for the unit requires an easily
accessible disconnect device in the mains circuit.
4. Make sure that an appropriate circuit breaker and an overcurrent limiting
device are connected between mains and unit.
5. A connection of mains supply to a power socket requires the power socket
to be nearby the unit.
6. Incorrectly wired connections can destroy electrical and electronic
components.
7. To tighten the SMA connectors, use an appropriate tool in order not to
exceed the specified torque of 100 Ncm. The use of an unsuitable tool may
cause damage to the connector and therefore, lead to a malfunction of the
unit.
8. For unstabilized electric networks which frequently generate spikes, it is
advised to use a voltage limiting device.
9. For power connection an external disconnecting device is required.
10. The unit complies with the surge requirement according to EN 61000-4-5
(fine protection); however, it is recommended to install an additional
medium (via local supply connection) and/or coarse protection (external
surge protection) depending on the individual application in order to avoid
damage caused by overcurrent.
11. Observe the labels on the front panels before connecting any cables.
12. Before removing a plug-in unit, the DC switch of the corresponding subrack
(see chapter 3.3.8 Power-Supply Subrack) must be switched to position
OFF.
13. To disconnect mains supply for subracks, disconnect the mains plug to
interrupt power supply.

Page 107

4.2.2. Grounding and Power Connection


4.2.2.1.

Installation of the Cabling of the Indoor Cabinet (Standard)

Install the mains cable. The mains cable might be fed through the bottom or an
opening* at the top of the rack.

Inner side of cabinet

Grounding connections are


provided at the inner rear side
of the MU cabinet, as
illustrated to the right, at the
mains connector block and at
the grounding bolt.
Connect mains cables to the
mains connector block at the
rear side of the cabinet.
Ensure to connect the mains
cables to the correct sockets of
the connector block!
Connect the grounding cable
at the grounding bolt illustrated
above.

Mains connector block

HIGH LEAKAGE CURRENT!


Ground connection is
essential before
connecting power supply!

Grounding bolt

* The coax cables may also be inserted through


this opening. In view of different on-site conditions
the top can be installed with the opening at the
front or at the back. To change the position,
unscrew the four top screws with an appropriate
tool as illustrated, take off the top cover, put it in
the required position, and fasten it again with the
four screws.

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4 Commissioning

4.2.2.2.

Installation of the Cabling of the Outdoor Cabinet

Note: When installing the cabling of the outdoor cabinet, take care that the IP
55 DIN VDE 0470/-1 safety class is maintained!

Unscrew the eight torx screws of one of the plates in the bottom of the
cabinet with an appropriate tool. If necessary dismount both plates.
Take out the plate and drill through as many holes as required for the
watertight conduits.
Insert the cables through the open space (under the plate) in the bottom of
the cabinet.
Feed the cables through the watertight conduits in the plate(s). Ensure
there is enough strain-relief for the cables and that the conduits are
mounted in a proper way so that ingress protection is maintained.
Fasten the plate again to its original position with the eight torx screws.
Plate

Plate

figure 4-3 Outdoor cabinet, bottom with plates

Page 109

4.2.3. Interconnection between Master-Unit Cabinets


If the MU consists of two or more cabinets, connect the interconnection between the
MU cabinets. The first cabinet contains the MC. Connect the pre-installed RS485
cable from the second cabinet to the free RS485 connector of the subrack mounted
at the top of the first cabinet. Connect the pre-installed RS485 cable from the third (or
any further cabinet respectively) to the RS485 connector of the subrack mounted at
the bottom of the second cabinet (or any previous cabinet respectively).
F Note: In case another RS485 cable than the one which is already part of the
delivery is used, this RS485 cable needs to be a CAT 7 cable.
Third cabinet

Second cabinet

First cabinet

RS485 CAT 7 cable

RS485 connector

figure 4-4 Interconnection between MU cabinets, exemplary


Page 110

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4 Commissioning

4.2.4. BTS / Node B Connections


The BTS / Node B cables are connected at the respective (SMA female) combiner
connectors* at the front (see also chapter 4.4 Commissioning the RF and Optical
System) and can be lead through the top or the bottom of the rack.

F Note:

For mounting the cable connectors, it is recommended to refer to


the corresponding documentation of the connector manufacturer.
The bending radius of the RF cables must remain within the given
specifications.

F Note:

For the selection of cable it should be considered that, on the one


hand, a cable with higher loss is less expensive but, on the other
hand, it impairs performance.

If the Master Unit is equipped with RF splitters or an optional modem, the BTS / Node B cables
must be connected at the RF splitters or modem connectors, respectively. In case, splitters as
well as a modem are installed, the cables must be connected at the modem (for details see
chapter 3.3.9.10 External Modem).

To tighten the SMA connectors, use an appropriate tool in order not to


exceed the specified torque of 100 Ncm. The use of an unsuitable tool
may cause damage to the connector and therefore, lead to a
malfunctioning of the unit.
If inserting the cables through the top opening is difficult because of the on-site
conditions, they can also be inserted from the bottom. The cables can be inserted at
the front or back as explained in chapter 4.2.2 Grounding and Power Connection.

Page 111

4.2.5. Optical-Fibre-Cable Connection - Rules


Main optical system parameters:
Fiber:
Single mode fiber, type is E9/125 m
Attenuation: <0.36 dB / km @ 1310 nm
nm
Dispersion: <3.5 ps / nm km @ 1310 nm
1550 nm
Fibre-cable connectors E2000APC8

<0.26 dB / km @ 1550

<18.0 ps / nm km @

ION-M system:
The specified bending radius ( < 4 cm) of the optical fibers must not be
exceeded.
The pigtails for the connection between Master Unit and Remote Unit must
have a sufficient length. A protection for the feeding into units must be given.
The system attenuation of the optical fibers, including the connectors, must
not exceed 10 dB.
System attenuation and attenuation of optical components must be determined. This
can be achieved by measuring attenuation and reflection with an appropriate
measuring instrument. For pigtails, a total value of < 0.4 dB (measured to a reference
plug) can be assumed due to the dead zone of the reflectometer. These
measurements must be made with a sufficient length of optical fiber, at the input and
output of the device which has to be measured.
Fiber-System Installation:
Fiber-cable connectors have to be of the same type (E2000APC8) as the
connectors used for the unit. The fiber-optic cables are connected to the optical
transceiver.
Angled connectors are not compatible with straight optical connectors;
non-compatibility of connectors will result in permanent damage to
both connectors.
Before connecting the fiber cables, follow the procedure below to ensure optimized
performance. It is important for these procedures to be carried out with care:

Remove fiber-optic protective caps.

Do not bend the fiber-optic cable in a tight radius (< 4 cm) as this may cause
cable damage and interrupt transmission.

Using high-grade alcohol and lint-free cotton cleaning swabs, clean the end of
the fiber-optic cable that will be inserted in the optical connectors on the donor

Page 112

M0106A9AH.doc

4 Commissioning
interface box. Use a fiber end-face inspection tool to scan both, the class fiber
and its surrounding area.

Check for dirt on the cladding, chips/pits, dirt on the ferrule, and scratches.

Connect the fiber-optic cables by inserting the cable end into the laser
receptacle and aligning the key (on the cable end) with the keyed slot.

Do not use any index-matching gels or fluids of any kind in these connectors.
Gels are intended for laboratory use and attract dirt on site.

F Note:

Care should be taken when connecting and disconnecting fiberoptic cables - use the connector housing to plug or unplug a fiber.
Scratches and dust significantly affect system performance and
may permanently damage the connector. Always use protective
caps on fiber-optic connectors not in use.

Cleaning Procedure for Fiber-Optical Components:


Any contamination in the fiber connection results in additional optical transmission
loss which could cause whole system failure. It is thus recommended that every fiber
connector be inspected and cleaned prior to mating.
The goal is to eliminate any dust or contamination and to provide a clean
environment for the fiber-optic connection.
When you clean fiber components, always complete the following steps carefully:
1. Turn off the ION system (laser sources) before you inspect fiber connectors.
Never look into a fiber while the system lasers are on!
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Check the connectors or adapters with a fiberscope before cleaning.


If the connector is dirty, clean it with a lint-free wipe (dry cleaning).
Inspect the connector.
If the connector is still dirty, repeat the dry cleaning technique.
Inspect the connector.
If the connector is still dirty, clean it with 99% isopropyl alcohol (wet cleaning)
followed immediately with a dry clean in order to ensure no residue is left on
the endface.
8. Repeat steps 5 through 7 until endface is clean.
Note: For a more detailed description please refer to:
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk482/tk876/technologies_white_paper09186
a0080254eba.shtml

Page 113

4.3.

COMMISSIONING - POWER-UP THE MASTER UNIT

Read the health and safety warnings in chapter 1.2 as well as the description
carefully to avoid mistakes and proceed step by step as described.

Do not operate the RUs without termination of the antenna connections! The
termination can be achieved by connecting the antennas, a dummy load or the
50-Ohm-terminated connection of a measuring instrument.

When opening the unit, do not damage the seals on the devices inside the
unit. Warranty void if the seals are broken!

If the UPS option is installed, switch on the UPS (see chapter 3.3.9.2 Uninterruptible
Power Supply).
In order to switch on the unit, switch the mains switches (labelled PSU, one for each
power supply) to position ON. The power supply units are counted from left to right
(1-8). Also, switch the switches of all equipped subracks, the RMC and modem (if
installed) to position ON.
Primary fuses

Switches for secondary voltage

Circuit breaker
B 10 A; series 201
(ID 7500282)

Circuit breaker
K 6 A; series 201
(ID 7500284)

figure 4-5 Primary fuses and secondary voltage switches

F Note:

To ensure safety, the electrical and subsequent installations,


commissioning and maintenance activities that require the unit to
be under power while open, must only be carried out by suitably
qualified personnel.

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4 Commissioning

4.4.
4.4.1.

COMMISSIONING THE RF AND OPTICAL SYSTEM


Setting the Transceiver Address

Each transceiver is equipped with a display showing its address (or an error
indication). Set the address by using the Mode button to choose the digit to be set,
adjust the digit with the Set button and confirm with the Mode button when the
desired value is reached. For addressing transceivers of a cascaded system,
observe that addresses may only be set according to the following table. The
addresses of the connected RUs will be set automatically.
Possible MU OTRx Addresses:
Point to Point:
Connected RUs
Cascaded
Connected RUs
(set automatically)

1 124
128

128/1, 128/2,
128/3, 128/4

132

132/1, 132/2,
132/3, 132/4

136

136/1, 136/2,
136/3, 136/4

248

248/1, 248/2,
248/3, 248/4

table 4-1 Address setting of cascaded system


Screws
Laser radiation, Class 1!
Do not stare into the
beam!
Do not view it directly or
with optical instruments.

Grip

Display

Mode button to
Select / Confirm

Set button to
adjust value
AUX IN

AUX OUT

Screws

figure 4-6 Optical transceiver (OTRx)

Page 115

4.4.2. ALC Handling


4.4.2.1.

General ALC Information

The ION-M comprises several Automatic Level Control (ALC) circuits. The task of the
ALC is to limit the RF power in case of overpower operation. Apart from damage
protection, correct and specified system operation is ensured, as well.
F Note: Each ION-M system configurations ALC values will be factory-set
individually prior to delivery.
4.4.2.2.

ALC Handling for ION-M EP Systems only (OTRx 4-9/18/21-26 MU)

In case of an system upgrade (e.g. when installing an Extension Unit) the ALC value
must be updated, as well. For this reason the ALC function is described in detail in
the following.
In DL direction two ALCs are active. The one located at the input of the Master Unit
(OTRx or FCM) protects the electrical components and the laser from being
damaged. In addition, the Input ALC ensures that the system performance (i.e. intermodulation products) adheres to the telecommunications standard (ETSI) by
avoiding RF overdrive of the components.
The second ALC in DL direction is located near the system output (RU OTRx, FCM
or PA) and thus is called Output ALC. The Output ALC limits the output power to
the specified maximum output power values of the Remote Unit / Extension Unit.
In UL direction only one ALC is implemented, which is located after the LNA at the
RU / EU (OTRx or FCM). The task of the UL ALC is to limit nonlinear behaviour by
overdriving the optical link and to protect the BTS from UL inter-modulation overdrive.
A.

DL ALC Circuits

1. Input ALC

If the system is assembled with adapter cards (see chapter 3.3.2.1 LTE
Subrack EMEA, section ... 1 Adapter Cards), i.e. no TPX modules and no
FCM, the input ALC must be set at a level that the individual output power of
each operating band can be guaranteed. In practice, the ALC is adjusted 2 dB
2.5 dB higher than the calculated input power necessary for the specified
output power. The input ALC threshold is set at the OTRx.
For example, if the RU gain is 40 dB and the maximum composite output
power is 40 dBm, the ALC threshold is calculated as follows:
Pinput ALC = 40 dBm 40 dB + 2.5dB = 2.5 dBm

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4 Commissioning

In case of combining several communication bands with TPX-modules (see


section 3.3.2.1 LTE Subrack EMEA, section ... 2 TPX (Diplexer / Triplexer)
Modules), the input ALC is set to the cumulated composite power of the
communication bands at one OTRx path (plus 2 dB 2.5 dB). The input ALC
threshold is set at the appropriate broadband OTRx band.
If an existing system has to be updated, e. g. expand a stand alone
ION-M9/18/21 EP with an ION-M8/26 EU, the threshold of the input
ALC must also be updated. Since the threshold value can only be set
in digit and not in dBm, the new ALC values have to be calculated
using the table below.
calibration
signal
P [dB]
digits

8/9

4/9

21/26

WCDMA

WCDMA

WCDMA

4.0
66

2.9
47

2.6
43

P is the difference in power as compared to the default ALC threshold for


one band, i.e. 900 MHz band or 2100 MHz band. For example the difference
of ALC threshold in the 4-9 band of a standalone ION-M9/18/21 EP to the ALC
threshold of a ION-M9/18/21 EP with an ION-M8/26 EU is 4.0dBm (66 digits),
since in the second configuration both, the 800 MHz and the 900 MHz, are
adjusted via the same ALC in the 4-9 band. The ALC threshold for the 21-26
band has to be increased by 43 digits, accordingly.

In MIMO applications, i.e. system configurations with FCMs (see section


3.3.2.1 LTE Subrack EMEA, section ... 3 Frequency Conversion Modules
(FCMs)) the ALC threshold can be set individually for each communication
band at the corresponding FCM. Care must be taken in case of updating an
existing system. Since ALC setting at the FCM is made for all bands
individually, the former ALC setting at the OTRx will be interfering, and
thus MUST be deactivated by setting the ALC threshold at the OTRx for
all bands to 1023 digits.

IMPORTANT note for ALC handling:


Re-adjust the ALC setting in the MU OTRx in the following case, as well:
When a Remote Unit operating in the 1800 MHz frequency range, which
is connected to the Master Unit, is to be replaced by another RU that is
also operating in the 1800 MHz range, however, has a differing maximum
output power in this frequency range (i.e. old ION-M18 new ION-M18P
or old ION-M18P and new ION-M18).
This means:
ION-M18P RU ION-M18 RU:
new ALC value = existing ALC value 50 digits
ION-M 18 RU ION-M18P RU:
new ALC value = existing ALC value + 50 digits
Page 117

2. Output ALC
By default, the output ALC is set at the RU OTRx or the FCM. In some system
configurations the ALC at the PA is activated. This fact causes specific characteristic
for communication bands which are transmitted over the same OTRx band (e.g. the
800 MHz band and the 900 MHz band in an ION-M9/18/21 EP + ION-M8/26 EU, due
to the broadband optical link). In practice, if the operating band in the RU causes an
ALC alarm, the RU OTRx ALC will adjust both the output power of the RU itself and
the output power of the EU.
The table below shows the output ALC setting locations for the current system
configurations.
system config
RU
EU
9/18/21 EP
8/26
9/18/21 EP
26/26
9/18/21 EP
18
9/18P/21P EP
8/26
9/18P/21P EP 26/26
9/18P/21P EP
18P
26/26
8/26

4
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/

26_2
/
EU FX-1
/
/
EU FX-1
/
RU FX-1
/

18_2
/
/
EU FX-1
/
/
EU FX-1
/
/

DL band
8
9
PA-2
OTRX-1
/
OTRX-1
/
OTRX-1
PA-2
OTRX-1
/
OTRX-1
/
OTRX-1
/
/
OTRX-1
/

18_1
OTRX-2
OTRX-2
OTRX-2
OTRX-2
OTRX-2
OTRX-2
/
/

21
OTRX-3
OTRX-3
OTRX-3
OTRX-3
OTRX-3
OTRX-3
/
/

26_1
PA-1
PA-1
/
PA-1
PA-1
/
OTRX-3
OTRX-3

table 4-2 DL output ALC setting locations


B.

UL ALC Circuits
In case of no frequency conversion (i.e. adapter card assembly, TPX-module
assembly, or operation of the non converted MIMO path (primary path) at FCM
assembly) the UL ALC is always adjusted at the OTRx in the main RU. This ALC
circuit controls all operating bands in the same OTRx band. For example with a
system configuration of an ION-M9/18/21 EP + ION-M26/26 EU, the 2100 MHz
band and the non-converted 2600 MHz band are adjusted via the same ALC
circuit at the OTRx 21-26 band. In practice, the UL ALC is only adjusted for the
RU, i.e. in extended configuration with an EU not the full UL power of both (all)
operating bands can be achieved due to ALC limitation. Furthermore, in case of
an UL ALC alarm, the SW cannot distinguish the source of the band (RU or EU
operating band) in ALC.
The following table shows the UL ALC setting locations for the different
operating bands.

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4 Commissioning

system config
RU
EU
9/18/21 EP
8/26
9/18/21 EP
26/26
9/18/21 EP
18
9/18P/21P EP
8/26
9/18P/21P EP 26/26
9/18P/21P EP
18P
26/26
8/26

4
/
/
/
/
/
/
/
/

26_2
/
EU FX-1
/
/
EU FX-1
/
RU FX-1
/

18_2
/
/
EU FX-1
/
/
EU FX-1
/
/

UL band
8
9
OTRX-1 OTRX-1
/
OTRX-1
/
OTRX-1
OTRX-1 OTRX-1
/
OTRX-1
/
OTRX-1
/
/
OTRX-1
/

18_1
OTRX-2
OTRX-2
OTRX-2
OTRX-2
OTRX-2
OTRX-2
/
/

21
OTRX-3
OTRX-3
OTRX-3
OTRX-3
OTRX-3
OTRX-3
/
/

26_1
OTRX-3
OTRX-3
/
OTRX-3
OTRX-3
/
OTRX-3
OTRX-3

table 4-3 UL ALC setting locations

In case of system configuration with FCMs, the frequency converted MIMO


paths (secondary paths) are controlled via individual UL ALC circuits inside the
RU or EU FCM. The SISO and the non converted MIMO paths (primary paths)
are protected by the OTRx UL ALC circuits. Thus, the Master Controller SW can
distinguish between secondary path ALC alarm and primary path / SISO ALC
alarm. Since the same as in system configuration without FCMs applies here, as
well, it could be possible that a operating band is in ALC due to the high UL
power of the operating band in the same OTRx path (for more information refer
to the description for system configuration without FCMs in this chapter).
In all cases of system upgrade, please contact your local support team for
detailed information (at the addresses listed in chapter 1.4 International Contact
Addresses for Customer Support).

4.4.3. Adjust the BTS / Node B DL Level

F Note:

For correct input power levels please check the reference plane
(refer to the block diagram below). MIMO operation is addressed
by frequency division multiplexing (FX) over one single fiber.
Please note that in this case the master reference plane for both
paths, i.e. unconverted (primary MIMO path = pp) and converted
(secondary MIMO path = sp), is located at the front panel of the
frequency conversion module (FCM). For SISO applications, as for
legacy configurations, the master reference plane is located at the
input panel of the optical module (O/E).
To commission the system, the optical transceivers must be
removed for leveling. Prior to this, the DC switch of the
corresponding subrack (see chapter 3.3.8 Power-Supply Subrack)
must be switched to position OFF.

Page 119

MU
BTS

MU
attenuation

Reference plane
input - with FCM

F
C
M

Remote Unit
O

Reference plane
input - without FCM

Reference plane
output

figure 4-7 Referenc plane input/ output


For each band, the DL level has to be measured and adjusted at each transceiver
(see illustration below). The input level depends on the band standard and the
number of carriers.
Depending on the Master Unit configuration, the input level has to be adjusted at a
combiner, a BTS connect or a splitter. These components are normally located in the
same subrack as the OTRx or in the adjacent subrack.

Page 120

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4 Commissioning

Component for setting


attenuation*
7160615

Transceiver*

7621564-00
4-9
DL
18 E
a.G.
O
21-26
W
D
4-9
M
17 E
O
21-26
UL

0-10 dB
0-10 dB
0-10 dB
0-10 dB

Probe -30 dB
1710-1990 MHz
11 19 dB

4-way Combiner

OR

7614440-00
0-10 dB
0-10 dB

380-512
380-512

-28 dB

DL
Input
BTS /
Node
B

0-10 dB
0-10 dB

698-960
698-960

-28 dB

3 -13 dB
max. 27.5 dBm
BTS Connect

OR

Ref

OTRx

OR
ATT
ATT
ATT
ATT
ATT
ATT
ATT
ATT

698-960
6.5 dB
4-way splitter

7629060-00
18 DL
21 DL
18 DL
26 DL
21-26DL
8-9 DL
8-9 UL
21-26UL
26 UL
18UL
21 UL
18 UL
Ref

FCM 8-9

7612781-01

Measuring reference point at backplane of subrack

max. 27.5 dBm/ Port

FCM
ATT
ATT

ATT
ATT
ATT

26 UL
8 UL
9 UL

FCM 26

ATT

7632922-00
9 DL
8 DL
26 DL
4-9 DL

7621564-00
4-9
DL
18 E
a.G.
O
21-26
W
D
4-9
M
17 E
O
21-26
UL
Ref

4-9 UL

OTRx

FCMs
*) the shown ID numbers are just exemplary and can vary depending on the application

figure 4-8 Leveling the DL input signal


Page 121

Positions of stepless attenuators:


Red mark at
initial position

For max. attenuation


turn it anti-clockwise

Red mark at max.


turning position

figure 4-9 Positions of stepless attenuator,


type A

figure 4-10 Positions of stepless


attenuator, type B

In case of a non-dedicated application, desensitization of BTS or Node B should be


considered.
For calculation of the correct input level at the reference port the datasheet for the
appropriate Remote Unit (RU) or Extension Unit (EU) is needed. The input level
depends on the individual output power of the RU/ EU and the RF gain between the
reference plane ports. To get the power level of one input carrier the link gain has to
be subtracted from the output power per carrier depending on the used
communication standard.
The following example for an ION-M9/18/21 EP with an ION-M26/26 EU clarifies the
subject. The input power of the frequency converted 2600 MHz MIMO signal has to
be assigned. Due to the MIMO application the reference plane at the input is located
at the frequency conversion module (FCM). Output power and link gain information
can be found at the datasheet of the ION-M26/26 EU (see figures below).

figure 4-11 ION-M26/26 EU output power datasheet excerpt

figure 4-12 ION-M26/26 EU link gain datasheet excerpt

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4 Commissioning

The following example is calculated for two LTE carriers with an output power at the
EU antenna port of 38 dBm per carrier. With the DL gain of 43 dB the input power at
the 26_2 port of the FCM can be calculated as follows:
PIN_FCM / carrier = Pout/carrier DL gain
PIN_FCM / carrier = 38 dBm 43 dBm = -5 dBm
When all provided levels have been adjusted, reinstall the optical transceiver. When
all transceivers of a subrack have been reinstalled, do not forget to switch the DC
switch of the according subrack back to position ON.
To remove the transceiver, loosen the four captive screws (please see chapter 4.4.1
Setting the Transceiver Address) by which each transceiver is fastened to the
subrack. Use the grip to pull the transceiver out.

For leveling, plug in the leveling adapter* that is part of the delivery at the
position of the transceiver and fasten it with the two captive screws.

Connect a spectrum analyzer to the band connectors of the adapter. The


adapter connectors are SMA female.
* If no leveling adapter is available, connect a spectrum analyzer to the DL band ports at the
backplane of the subrack (location and configuration see following illustrations on the
configuration of band ports). The band ports are SMS male connectors.

Connect the base station / Node B (see also chapter 4.2.4 BTS / Node B
Connections) one after the other at the port connectors of the respective
band combiner or, depending on the individual customer configuration, at
the connectors of the BTS connects (see chapter 3.3.2.4 Subrack Two
OTRxs), splitters or modem (see chapter 3.3.9.10 External Modem) and
adjust the DL level by means of the corresponding stepless attenuators (see
following description) until the required level (according to the calculated
values from the Master Unit software) is reached.

At the three ports of the leveling adapter different bands for the various OTRxs can
be measured. The position of bands is described in chapters 4.4.4 Band Ports of
ION-M OTRx 4-9/18/21-26 MU-G (LG) to 4.4.7 Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 1/4/9
Transceivers.

Page 123

Port 1

Port 1

Port 2

Port 2

Port 3

Port 3

figure 4-13 Ports of the leveling adapter

4.4.4. Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 4-9/18/21-26 MU-G (LG)


UL ports

Band ports at OTRx socket

DL ports

1710 MHz 1785 MHz


18 UL port

1805 MHz 1880 MHz


18 DL port

1920 MHz 2700 MHz


21-26 UL port

2110 MHz 2900 MHz


21-26 DL port

370 MHz 915 MHz


4-9 UL port

370 MHz 960 MHz


4-9 DL port

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4 Commissioning

4.4.5. Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 8-9/18/21 Transceivers


UL ports

Band ports at OTRx socket

DL ports

GSM1800 UL port

GSM1800 DL port

UMTS UL port

UMTS DL port

800 MHz 1000 MHz

800 MHz 1000 MHz

figure 4-14 Configuration of band ports ION-M OTRx 8-9/18/21

4.4.6. Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 70-85/90/17-21 Transceivers


UL ports

Band ports at OTRx socket

DL ports

1700 MHz - 2200


MHz

1700 MHz 2200


MHz

900 MHz
LMR

900 MHz
LMR

698 894 MHz


LMR

698 -894 MHz


LMR

figure 4-15 Configuration of band ports OTRx 70-85/90/17-21


Page 125

4.4.7. Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 1/4/9 Transceivers


UL ports

Band ports at OTRx socket

DL ports

698 915 MHz

716 960 MHz

350 512 MHz

350 512 MHz

67 174 MHz

67 174 MHz

figure 4-16 Configuration of band ports ION-M OTRx 1/4/9

4.4.8. Band Ports of MMR OTRx 4-21 Transceivers


UL ports

Band ports at OTRx socket

DL ports

1700-2200 MHz UL

1700-2200 MHz DL

380-470 MHz UL

380-470 MHz DL

800-1000 MHz UL

800-1000 MHz DL

figure 4-17 Configuration of band ports MMR OTRx 4-21

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4 Commissioning

4.4.9. Band Ports of 3-Sector ION-M Optical Transceivers


4.4.9.1.

Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 17P/17P/17P Transceivers

UL ports

Band ports at OTRx socket


UL

Sector 3 (S3)
= 1700 MHz

Sector (S2)
= 1700 MHz

Sector (S1)
= 1700 MHz

DL ports
DL

S3 = 1700 MHz

S2 = 1700 MHz

S1 = 1700 MHz

figure 4-18 Configuration of band ports OTRx 17P/17P/17P

Page 127

4.4.9.2.

Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 19P/19P/19P Transceivers

UL ports

Band ports at OTRx socket


UL

Sector 3 (S3)
= 1900 MHz

Sector (S2)
= 1900 MHz

DL ports
DL

S3 = 1900 MHz

S2 = 1900 MHz

S1 = 1900 MHz
Sector (S1)
= 1900 MHz

figure 4-19 Configuration of band ports OTRx 19P/19P/19P

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4 Commissioning

4.4.10. Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 17P/17P/19P Transceivers


UL ports

Band ports at OTRx socket


UL

DL ports
DL

1700 MHz
MIMO 2

1700 MHz
MIMO 2

1700 MHz
MIMO 1

1700 MHz
MIMO 1

1900 MHz

1900 MHz

figure 4-20 Configuration of band ports OTRx 17P/17P/19P

4.4.11. Band Ports of ION-M OTRx 7P/7P/85P/19P Transceivers


UL ports

Band ports at OTRx socket


OTRx

850 MHz

1900 MHz

700 MHz
MIMO 1

700 MHz
MIMO 2

UL

DL

DL ports
Conversion module

850 MHz

1900 MHz

700 MHz
MIMO 1
700 MHz
MIMO 2

figure 4-21 Configuration of band ports OTRx7P/7P/85P/19P


Page 129

4.5.

SYSTEM STARTUP AND LOCAL LOGIN

4.5.1. System Startup of RMC1600


Switch on the RMC1600 and the optional monitor, if installed. If the ON/ OFF/ Reset
button (illustrated in the following figure) is not pressed, the RMC1600 will boot
automatically two minutes after the respective power supply switch of the mains
supply has been set to ON; i.e. the required voltage (11.0 Vdc) must be stable for
two minutes. To avoid the 2-minute-delay, press the ON/ OFF/ Reset button after a
waiting time of 10 seconds. The software starts automatically after the boot process.
For further details please refer to the Master Controller software manual, which is
also part of the delivery.
ON/OFF/ Reset button

figure 4-22 RMC1600 switch

4.5.2. Local Login of RMC1600

For a local login, in case no optional monitor and keyboard are equipped,
connect a PC or laptop to the RS232 interface by means of a standard RS232
null-modem cable at COM 5 RS232 illustrated in the figure below.
In that case, certain connections setup procedures will be required before it is
possible to access the Master Controller software:

Set up a direct connection from laptop to the RMC1600.

Establish the direct connection and enter the user identification.

For a detailed description of these procedures as well as of all further software and
system settings, please refer to the software manual for the ION-M Master Controller.

figure 4-23 Location of COM5 connector for local access at RMC1600

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4 Commissioning

4.5.3. System Startup of MMC Plus


The MMC Plus will boot automatically two minutes after the respective power supply
switch of the Master Unit has been set to on, i.e. when the required voltage has been
fed for two minutes. To avoid the two-minute-delay, press the ON/OFF button
(illustrated in chapter 4.5.4 Local Login of MMC Plus) after power was supplied for
five seconds.
4.5.4. Local Login of MMC Plus
For a local login, connect your laptop via a network cable to the Ethernet connector
for local access at the MMC Plus front panel illustrated in the following figure:

ON/OFF
button

Ethernet
connector
for local
access

figure 4-24 Location of Ethernet connector for local access at MMC Plus
For further details regarding specific username and password etc. please refer to the
Master Controller software manual, which is also part of the delivery.

Page 131

4.6.

MMR COMPATIBILITY OFFSET (ONLY FOR ION-M9/18/21 RU)

ION-M units can be used in MMR systems with the performance of MMR units. As
ION-M units provide higher gain than MMR units the ION-M Master Unit (MU)
automatically sets a compatibility offset for the ION-M units.
When ION-M units are used as spare parts for the MMR system the software of the
respective MMR system has to be upgraded to software version V3.10 in order to
be downward compatible to the MMR system.
The required upgrade to software V3.10 also applies when replacing an MMR
Remote Unit (RU) or MU OTRx by an ION-M RU or MU OTRx in the ION-M MU in
order to ensure that an ION-M unit does perform like an MMR unit.
If an ION-M RU without Laser Shift OTRx or an ION-M OTRx without additional gain
is used as replacement in an MMR system, SW version V2.8 is sufficient.

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5 Alarms and Troubleshooting

5. ALARMS AND TROUBLESHOOTING


In the event of a malfunction, it is always recommendable to check the status of the
antenna systems as well as the continuity of the entire cabling including connectors.
For troubleshooting, always check the status of the system via software (see
separate manual). For detailed information on alarms and troubleshooting please
refer to the software manual of the Master Controller.

6. MAINTENANCE
6.1.

MAINTENANCE IN GENERAL

Read the health and safety warnings in section 1.2.


Maintenance of the ION-M Master Unit should be performed by replacing only
components that are contained in this section. Take care not to unintentionally
damage the seals on the modules to maintain warranty. Please keep these
guidelines in mind during maintenance:

F Note:

Please use ONLY CommScope components for repair,


replacement and maintenance measures.
A list of all spare parts (with their CommScope ID No) that can be
replaced and ordered is available in the Ordering Information of
the ION-M MU, which is part of this manual CD delivery.

The spare parts list, consequently, contains only units which can be replaced without
tuning or soldering work.

F Note:

Use an appropriate packaging when sending back the unit (see


section 7.2.2 Mechanical Specifications for details). We strongly
recommend using the original packaging.

F Note:

Defective parts should only be replaced by original parts from the


supplier. All interventions inside the housing are at ones own risk.

F Note:

Ensure the Master Unit has been disconnected from mains during
maintenance.

F Note:

Label any unlabelled cables before disconnecting them to ensure


correct re-connection.

Maintenance procedures require appropriate tools to ensure correct handling. All


these tools can be ordered from the supplier.

Page 133

F Note:

All our screws have a right-hand thread and are fastened by


turning the tool clockwise and are unscrewed by turning the tool
counter-clockwise.

Due to the design of the master unit the only components recommended to be
replaced are the battery pack, battery fuse and mains fuse of the RMC1600 and
the battery pack of the MMC Plus, explained in sections 6.7,6.8, 6.10,6.11 and
6.12. For replacing any other component, please contact your supplier.
6.2.

HOT SWAPPING UNABILITY

WARNING:

The ION-M MU OTRx is NOT capable of hot swapping, i.e. system


components should not be removed and replaced without powering
down the relevant subrack BEFORE. Although, hot swapping does not
cause any damage to the OTRx, however, we recommend this to prevent
any undesirable effects (i.e. settings of the software may be corrupted and
possible system instabilities).
Thus, PRIOR to replacing components, first power down the subrack
that hosts the relevant OTRx by disconnecting it from mains. After
replacement, power-up the subrack again.
F Note: If for any operational reason, an OTRx has to be replaced without
powering down the hosting subrack, make sure the configuration is
still correct and that there have been no modifications after the
replacement.
For new hardware modules to be detected by the software, auto setup
needs to be executed. For detailed description please refer to the latest
version of the corresponding software manual for the ION-M Master
Controller.
F Note: If an MU OTRx in the Master Unit is replaced by a spare part that runs
on the same bus address and an error occurs (e.g. "Error reading
Additional Gain" or "ALC - Error reading ALC from SRMU" *), do the
following:
o remove new MU OTRx
o run auto-setup
o plug the new MU OTRx again
o run auto-setup again
then, the error should disappear.
*

SRMU = abbrev. of Subrack Master Unit, in software synonym of MU OTRx

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6 Maintenance

6.3.

CLEANING AND SECURITY CHECK OF THE ION-M MU CABINET

F Note:

The Master Unit does not require preventive cleaning measures as


there are no components or filters to be cleaned in the MU cabinet.

Furthermore, as the MU is installed indoor in service rooms, normally no


intensive cleaning procedure is required. Whether cleaning is necessary depends
on the pollution degree of the environment of the MU indoor location.
In case the MU rack tends to pollute you may insert a filter mat in the floor of the
rack. Please contact your supplier for further questions.
6.4.

SECURITY CHECK OF THE ION-M MU CABINET

The manufacturer does not stipulate a regular annual security check of the MU
system.
As safety regulations differ from country to country, CommScope has trained safety
specialists on site in charge of that.
A security check of the MU is discretionary to the respective servicing staff on
site.

Page 135

6.5.

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE RMC1600

Read the health and safety warnings in 1.2.


F Note:

The RMC1600 does not require preventive maintenance measures.

F Note:

Maintenance on the RMC1600 should ONLY be performed by


technicians of the manufacturer, except regarding replacement of
the RMC1600 Battery Backup Kit and the fuses, see chapters 6.7
and 6.8.

F Note:

Before disconnecting any cables, label any unlabelled cables to


ensure correct reconnection, and check the switch positions of the
removed part to set the switches of the new part accordingly.

6.6.

SAFETY WARNINGS FOR BATTERY BACKUP REPLACEMENT (VALID


FOR BOTH RMC1600 AND MMC PLUS)

Before you begin with the replacement, please read and follow the instructions and
safety warnings below for safe handling and proper disposal of each type of battery.
Service the battery under the supervision of personnel knowledgeable of batteries
and their precautions. Keep unauthorized personnel away from batteries.
1. Due to the potential energy stored in a sealed battery, improper handling or use of
the batteries by not observing the precautions listed in this document may result in
bodily injury caused by electrolyte leakage, heat generation, or explosion.
2. Handle all battery packs with care, as they can deliver high currents if shorted.
Shorting caused by a wedding ring, for example, will result in the loss of a finger.
3. DO NOT disassemble, puncture, modify, drop, throw, or cause other unnecessary
shocks to batteries.
4. Store batteries in a cool, dry place at normal room temperature. Remove
batteries from devices that will be stored unused for extended periods.
5. DO NOT store metallic necklaces, hair pins, or other metal objects together with
the battery.
6. DO NOT store batteries near an oven, stove, or other heat source.
7. DO NOT leave batteries in hot places, such as under direct sunlight in an
automobile.

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6 Maintenance
8. DO NOT connect batteries directly to an electrical source, such as a building outlet
or automobile power-point!
9. DO NOT place batteries into a microwave oven or into any high-pressure
container.
10. DO NOT immerse batteries in water or otherwise get them wet!
11. DO NOT short circuit batteries, e.g: DO NOT carry loose batteries in a pocket or
purse with other metal objects, which may inadvertently cause a battery to short
circuit!
12. DO NOT put batteries into your mouth. If swallowed, contact a physician or the
local poison control center immediately.
13. WARNING: A battery can present a high risk of short-circuit current and electrical
shock. Take the following precautions before replacing the battery:
14. USE protective gloves and safety goggles for replacement procedures!
15. Remove all watches, rings or other metal objects from your hands/ body!
16. USE insulated tools i.e. use only tools with insulated handles. DANGER! Use of
uninsulated tools may cause a short circuit, and the heat or sparks generated by
the short circuit could result in burns, damage to the battery, or ignite an
explosion. DO NOT lay tools or other metal parts on top of battery or any battery
terminals. Metallic tools may be insulated using vinyl or electricians' tape, etc.
17. When unpacking the battery pack, make sure to handle it gently. Rough
handling may shock the battery, causing damage. Check that the battery is free
from cracks, fractures, tipping, leakage or rust.
18. Inspect the battery pack. DO NOT use a battery pack that appears to be
leaking, discolored, rusty, deformed, or are otherwise abnormal, or is emitting an
unusual odor or excessive heat. Avoid contact with any substance seeping from
the battery pack. Continued use of an irregular battery may lead to leakage, fire,
or bursting of the battery.
19. DO NOT mix used and new batteries, or install used batteries in other equipment.
20. The cells within the battery packs contain toxic substances.
WARNING: DO NOT attempt to open or mutilate battery packs! Released
electrolyte is harmful to the skin and eyes, and may be toxic. DO NOT insert any
object into the battery packs or use any device to pry at the battery pack casing. If
you insert an object into any of the battery packs ports or openings you could
suffer electric shock, injury, burns, or cause a fire. Attempting to open the battery
pack casing will damage the casing and could release toxic and harmful
substances.

Page 137

21. DANGER: Installing the battery incorrectly may cause an explosion! Be sure the
batterys positive and negative sides are correctly orientated in the holder.
WARNING: Use only a battery of the same type and capacity (mAh) as specified
or an equivalent recommended by the manufacturer of the original. Ask your
supplier for replacement batteries.
22. DO NOT connect the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals of the battery to each
other with a metallic material such as wire; do not allow tools such as wrenches or
screwdrivers to touch points of different voltages on the battery. Failure to
observe these precautions may cause the battery to overheat, emit hydrogen gas,
leak, ignite, or burst.
23. DO NOT pull wires. Pull only the connectors at the end of the wires.
24. DO NOT throw the battery in fire nor heat the battery. The battery may burst
or generate a toxic gas if placed in contact with fire.
25. WARNING: The battery contains toxic corrosive substances which will cause
chemical burns on the skin! If the battery leaks, try to avoid any contact with
the skin. If the liquid spills on the skin or clothing, immediately wash it off with
plenty of clean water. If the liquid splashes into the eyes, immediately flush the
eyes with plenty of clean water and consult a doctor.
26. WARNING: Batteries still containing some charge may spark a fire! Discharge
batteries prior to disposal in order to avoid shorting the battery and possible
short circuit reactions in consolidated containers!
27. Discharge the battery pack in a safe area, connect a moderate resistance across
the terminals until battery pack is discharged.
WARNING: The battery pack may be hot!
28. IMPORTANT: Batteries contain chemicals, some of which may be harmful to the
environment. Old batteries no longer chargeable are considered hazardous
waste, but are recyclable. Please do not throw batteries into simple domestic
waste!
Follow all local ordinances regarding proper disposal of batteries, i.e.
dispose of used batteries properly in discharged condition (see above)
according to your local environmental laws and regulations.

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6 Maintenance

6.7.

REPLACEMENT OF THE RMC1600 BATTERY PACK & BATTERY FUSE

F Note:

In order to safeguard that the maximum capacity of the RMC1600


battery is provided, we recommend replacing the BBU drawer/ battery
pack after 2 years of usage at the latest as a preventive maintenance
measure. Do NOT deactivate the refresh function of the battery via
software!
The BBU drawer in the front side is hot-pluggable.
Please read and follow the battery safety warnings in previous
chapter 6.6 before beginning with the replacement!

Replacement of RMC1600 Battery Pack

F Note:

Remove the BBU drawer only when the RMC1600 is either turned
off or running on normal mains power (indicated by the MAINS
STATUS LED showing a green light; see also illustration in chapter
3.3.6.1MMC Plus Front Side; and table 3-2 LED function of RMC1600
in section 5 LEDs).
Otherwise, removal of the BBU drawer may result in uncontrolled
shutdown of the RMC1600!
While the BBU drawer is removed, the battery backup function will
be not available!

To replace the battery pack (BBU) and fuse of the RMC1600, proceed as follows:
Loosen the M3 countersunk screw
at the front panel of the BBU
drawer by which the latter is
fastened to the RMC rack.
Carefully pull out the entire BBU
drawer at the handle.
Note: As soon as you take out the
drawer,
the
green
battery
connector
inside
will
be
disconnected automatically.

Position of M3 torx
screw of BBU drawer

Handle

figure 6-1 RMC BBU drawer, screw

Page 139

For replacement of the battery


pack, send the entire BBU drawer
back to the manufacturer! Once
received, re-insert it and fasten the
BBU drawer with the M3 screw Battery
pack
again.
Battery pack

Battery
connector
(green)

Battery
connector
(green)

figure 6-2 RMC Battery pack & connector


F Note: A new battery pack may be partially or completely discharged. Before
the battery backup function will be available, it may take several
hours of re-charging time after the BBU drawer has been re-inserted
into the RMC1600.
The BATTERY OPERATION LED will show a red light, as long as the
battery is still not sufficiently charged; see also illustration in chapter
3.3.5.2 RMC1600 Front Side; and table 3-2 LED function of RMC1600 in
section 5 LEDs).

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6 Maintenance
Replacement of Battery Fuse
To replace the battery fuse inside
the battery drawer, first take out
the BBU drawer as described in
the previous section.

Battery fuse

Carefully take out the old fuse off


its fuse holder behind the front
panel of the BBU drawer.
10 A/ 32 V
fast acting
ATO Blade Type

Take out fuse!

Battery
fuse
(removed)

Firmly insert the new fuse into the


fuse holder.
Insert battery fuse into
fuse holder!

Fuse
holder

Battery
fuse

figure 6-3 RMC BBU fuse holder


Use the handle at the front to push
the BBU drawer into its original
position within the RMC.

Handle

Finally, ensure to fasten the M3


countersunk screw at the front
panel of the BBU drawer again.

Page 141

6.8.

REPLACEMENT OF RMC1600 MAINS FUSE

Fuse F1
250 V , 10 A
6.3 x 32 Fast blow

F Note:

Use only fuses of the same type and the same rating as
replacement.

Screw the fuse holder out with a screwdriver and pull out the fuse. For the
position of the fuse holder please refer to chapter 3.3.5.3 RMC1600 Rear Side,
section 2 Fuse F1.
Insert the new fuse and screw the holder back into the bayonet cap of the fuse
holder.

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6 Maintenance

6.9.

UPGRADE OF V.08 MMC PLUS BATTERY BACKUP KIT


Please read and follow the battery safety warnings in chapter 6.6 before
beginning with the replacement!
Before installing the MMC Plus BBU kit as described in the following,
shutdown the Master Unit. Disconnect mains. Insert the new battery
pack. Apply mains. Restart the MU controller afterwards.

To install and/ or upgrade the Battery Backup (BBU) Kit in the MMC Plus subrack
located in the Master Unit, proceed as in the following description:
F Note: For correct function and operation of the BBU, SW Version 1.1.0.14 or
higher needs to be installed on the system alarm board (SAB) of the
ION-M MU.

figure 6-4 SW Version installed on SAB

Page 143

Battery pack

Connector "OUT"
to
MMC Plus backplane

Connector "IN"
normally connected to
MMC Plus backplane

figure 6-5 MMC Plus BBU Kit, front side (uninstalled)


Mounting clips

MMC Plus BBU Kit

figure 6-6 MMC Plus BBU Kit, rear side (uninstalled)

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6 Maintenance

Disconnect the four-pole PSU cable plugged in the MMC Plus rear side as in the
following illustrations:
PSU cable

PSU connector
fastened

PSU connector
disconnected

figure 6-7 MMC Plus, disconnecting the PSU cable


PSU connector and cable to
MMC Plus backplane

Connect
cable from
the MMC
Plus BBU
Kit.

Connector "IN"
normally connected to MMC Plus backplane

figure 6-8 MMC Plus BBU Kit, PSU connector


Page 145

Fasten the MMC Plus


BBU Kit with the two
mounting clips on the
MMC Plus subrack at the
ION-M MU, as illustrated
to the right.

Mounting
clips

MMC Plus
BBU Kit

Subrack

From OTRx backplane


or from PSU subrack

OTRx backplane

After
having
connected
all
cables
and
connectors, the
MMC Plus BBU
Kit may look as
in the exemplary
illustration to the
right.
F Note:
The
PSU connector
may
originate
from the OTRx
backplane
as
illustrated to the
right or from the
PSU subrack.

figure 6-9 MMC Plus BBU Kit, layout after installation


(exemplary)

When the battery is connected to mains supply it will get active automatically.
F Note: As the new battery pack may be discharged, it must be charged first.
After insertion of a discharged battery, it will only be ready for
operation after a minimum of 3 hours.
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6 Maintenance

6.10. REPLACEMENT OF THE V.08 MMC PLUS BATTERY PACK


To replace the battery pack, proceed in the following steps:

M4 x 6 mm
tallow-drop screws

Disconnect the battery-pack


connector.
Unscrew the 2 M4 x 6 mm
tallow-drop screws.
Carefully take out the battery
pack.
Insert the new battery pack and
fasten it with the 2 tallow-drop
screws.
Re-connect the battery-pack
connector.
When the battery is connected
to mains supply it will get active
automatically.
Battery-pack connector

figure 6-10 MMC Plus battery pack on BBU Kit

F Note: As the new battery pack may be discharged, it must be charged first.
After insertion of a discharged battery, it will only be ready for
operation after a minimum of 3 hours.
F Note: Shutdown the Master Unit (please see Users Manual for ION-M
Master Unit). Disconnect mains. Replace the battery pack. Apply
mains. Restart the MU controller.

Page 147

6.11. MAINTENANCE CYLE OF MMC PLUS BATTERY BACKUP


6.11.1. General and Basic Functions of the MMC Plus Battery Pack
A mains-power failure (+12 V) will be indicated by the "mains power supply failure"
alarm message in the ION-M Master Controller software (Current Alarm Status Supervision - Active Alarms and Supervision - Alarm Status). In case of a mains
failure the MMC Plus battery buffers MMC Plus operation.
Under optimum battery-charge conditions (i.e. with battery in good state and fully
charged), the battery pack will be able to buffer short mains failures for up to 2
minutes. When a mains failure lasts longer than 2 minutes, a shutdown of the Master
Controller will automatically be started.
When the battery-charge condition is not optimal, (i.e. the battery pack has not been
charged entirely or is not new) this backup time of maximum 2 minutes will be
reduced accordingly and the Master Controller starts the shutdown earlier than after
2 minutes.
The following time-response diagram depicts when and how the MMC Plus carries
out a shutdown (an interruption of mains power for a few seconds causes no
shutdown of the MMC Plus).
Voltage

+12 V
(mains)

ON

OFF

Application & Operating System


shut down
Start

End

Battery
Backup OFF

Battery
Backup ON

Timer starts here but


depending on battery
state, it can also start
earlier

0.5 s

max. 120

time

220s
Mains power supply
failure alarm

figure 6-11 Time elapsed of the MMC Plus battery


Page 148

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6 Maintenance

6.11.2. Reasons why the Battery Pack has to be Replaced


Batteries have only a limited lifetime which is mainly affected by long-term
impact of environmental temperature.
The battery has to be replaced in order to get complete functionality of the
battery and to safeguard reliability of the unit.
A system crash due to mains failure of the Master Controller despite having
sufficient time for charging (> 2 hours) indicates that the battery is at the end of
its life.
Aging of the battery contributes to a loss of capacity.
When the capacity of the battery is not sufficient to bridge short mains
failures, it must be replaced.
6.11.3. Restrictions on Battery Operation
Warning: When two mains failures appear in short succession, it may happen that
the battery did not have enough time to be fully charged again and
consequently to buffer the next mains failure, either. As the battery is not
charged enough to back up the default time, the back-up time will be
shortened as a result.
During a mains failure the battery can keep the MMC Plus in operation
only for a limited period of time. When a mains failure lasts longer, the
Master Controller will be shut down.
F Note:

There is no hard and fast rule for replacing the battery as the lifetime of
the battery depends on many criteria, e.g. on temperature, frequency of
usage, location and on the individual type of the battery.
Though to state a rough guideline for replacing the battery:
To play save the battery should be replaced after 2 years of usage, but
depending on environmental influences - after 4 years at the latest.,
Should the battery be (over)stressed or in case of system crashes,
however, the battery must be replaced.
As a general rule we recommend to replace the battery after 3 years
of usage.

In the following, an example is given:


For applications in the temperature-controller room where the temperature range
varies between 20C to 40C (with an average of 25C and an average humidity of
20% to 60%) and assuming that a mains failure < 2 minutes occurs approx. 10 times
a month (short interruptions in the range of some milliseconds or seconds can be
disregarded), the battery should be replaced every 3 years of usage.
In case of mains failures > 2 minutes ( system will shutdown) occurring 2 - 3 times
a month, the battery can also be replaced after 4 years of usage.
Page 149

6.12. REPLACEMENT OF V.11 MMC PLUS BATTERY MODULE


Please read and follow the battery safety warnings in chapter 6.6 before
beginning with the replacement!
To replace the battery pack of the MMC Plus, proceed as in the following description:
F Note: For correct function and operation of the battery backup, SW Version
1.2.0.2 or higher needs to be installed on the system alarm board
(SAB) of the ION-M MU.

figure 6-12 SW Version installed on SAB


Replacement of V.11 MMC Plus Battery Pack
F Note: Hot plugging of the BBU is possible during mains power supply
(however, it is not possible during battery operation!)

Page 150

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6 Maintenance
To replace the MMC Plus battery pack, proceed as follows:
- First, loosen the 2 neckcollar screws M2.5x11
(circle-marked in picture to
the right) of the MMC Plus
BBU drawer at the front
panel of the MU subrack.

2 neck-collar
screws
M2.5x11

- Carefully pull out the


MMC Plus BBU module!

- Unmounted from the


subrack, the BBU module
looks like this:
Battery
connector
connected

BBU rear side

- Disconnect the battery


connector.

Battery
connector
disconnected

Exemplary
layout

Page 151

- Turn the BBU module


upside down (i.e. to its rear
side).

BBU front side

1.) Loosen M2.5 torx


fillister-head screw

There, at the rear side of


the BBU module, slightly
loosen (you need not
unscrew it!) the M2.5 torx
fillister-head screw (just
half to 1 turn) first and
then slide the screw to the
right-hand side.

2.) F Note:
The battery pack is
mounted to the BBU
module.

2.) Slide M2.5 torx screw


to the right!

Exemplary layout
Card holder at
LEFT-hand side

Groove at
RIGHT-hand side

On the right-hand side of


the board, the battery pack
fits into a groove at the
front panel.
On the left-hand side of
the board, the battery pack
is fastened by a card
holder.
- To uninstall the battery
pack, carefully move the
card holder to the left-hand
side. Then, it automatically
releases the BBU module.

Page 152

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6 Maintenance

- Remove the battery pack


in such a way that you can
lift it at the front-panel side
first.

- Then move the battery


pack to the right-hand side
and hang it out of the
groove of the card holder.

Exemplary
layout

Lift board at
front panel side

Pull board out of


card-holder groove

Exemplary
layout

- Remove the old battery


pack. For disposal, please
observe Safety Warnings
for
Battery
Backup
Replacement outlined in
chapter 6.6.
- To install the new battery pack, proceed in reverse order:
- First, insert the new
battery pack into the
groove of the card holder.

- Second, bring the battery


pack into the groove in the
interior side of the front
panel of the BBU module.

Insert board into


card-holder groove

Exemplary
layout

Groove at front panel

Page 153

Insert battery pack into


groove at front panel

Groove at front panel

- Move the card holder to the


right-hand side and keep it in
this position, as shown in the
picture to the right:

Move
card holder
to righthand side
BBU rear side

- Turn the BBU module


upside down and fasten the
M2.5
fillister-head
torx
screw.

BBU
front side

Fasten M2.5
fillister-head torx screw

- Re-connect the battery


connector.

Groove

Battery
connector

Page 154

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6 Maintenance

When the battery pack installation is


completed, it looks like this:

BBU rear side

Installation
finished

- Then, re-insert the BBU module


drawer into its subrack slot.
Note:
The MMC Plus BBU module is
always mounted to the right-hand
side of the MMC Plus module.

- Use the 2 neck-collar screws


M2.5x11 at the front panel to fasten
the BBU module to the subrack.

Mini Backplane

2-OTRx Backplane

BBU Module

2 neck-collar
screws
M2.5x11

Page 155

F Note: As the new battery pack may be discharged, it must be charged first.
After insertion of a BBU module with a discharged battery, it will only be
ready for operation after a minimum of 6 hours charging time.
When the BBU drawer is plugged into the subrack, the BBU will be
activated automatically, which will be indicated by the status LED (see
description in following chapter 6.13 MMC Plus Front BBU - Status-LED).
6.13. MMC PLUS FRONT BBU - STATUS-LED
The MMC Plus front BBU drawer is equipped with a status LED. Functions of the LED
indication are as follows:
LED indication
Continously OFF
Flashing Yellow
Status
LED

Continously Green
Flashing Green/ Yellow
Continously Red
Flashing Red

Status
ERROR:
cannot access BBU Module
(maybe hardware error)
ERROR:
multiple conflicting BBU modules detected;
all were turned to inactive state
Mains Power and Battery OK
Mains Power OK;
Battery low (charging in progress)
Mains Power Failure;
Battery Mode active
Mains Power Failure;
Battery Mode active;
MMC Plus is shutting down

table 6-1 MMC Plus front BBU status LED

Page 156

M0106A9AH.doc

7 Appendix

7. APPENDIX
ILLUSTRATIONS & LAYOUT

Status

Out
1-8

local Access
USB

In
1 -8

Ext. Alarm

1 23 4

Ext. Alarm

Ext.Al.
On/Off/
Reset

SUM AL

7.1.

MMC Plus

Small systems

Multi-band /
Multi-user system

Single-band /
single-user system
G1027Z0

figure 7-1 Layout of MU set-up, exemplary

Page 157

figure 7-2 Master Unit, front view, example 1


Page 158

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7 Appendix

figure 7-3 Master Unit, front view, example 2

Page 159

figure 7-4 Master Unit, rear view, example 1

Page 160

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7 Appendix

figure 7-5 Master Unit, rear view, example 2

Page 161

7.2.

SPECIFICATIONS

7.2.1. Electrical Specifications


For details regarding the individual band specification refer to the Users Manual of
the respective RU. And for details regarding the RMC1600 please refer to the "User's
Manual for the RMC1600".
F Note:

For detailed information about indoor equipment, refer to the


Environmental and Safety Specifications leaflet of the supplier.

ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS
ION-M Master Unit
Frequency range
380 to 2690 MHz
Nominal gain in dB
Refer to corresponding ION-M RU
specification
+33 to +46 dBm per carrier
RF input power range
(including combining unit)
RF output power in dBm
Refer to corresponding MMR RU
specification
115 Vac to 230 Vac
Mains power
Power supply
-48 Vdc optional
Local power
Power consumption per OTRx
approx. 20 W
Power consumption per RMC1600
90 W max (50 W nominal)
Power consumption per MMC Plus
15 W (without relays)
Power consumption per alarm board
7 W (without relays)
Power consumption per IPP
4 W max.
Power consumption per fan 19" 1 HU
20 W
Power consumption per fan set roof mounting 25 W
RF connectors
SMA
Return loss
15 dB typical; 12 dB minimum
BTS interface
Number of connectors per link
1 duplexed, 2 non duplexed connectors
SMA female, different plug-in modules for
Connector
signal combining are available
Optical link
Number of optical links
124
Optical wavelength (WDM UL/ DL)
DL: 1310 nm; UL: 1550 nm
Optical receiver wavelength
1200 to 1600 nm
Connectors
E2000/APC8
Optical return loss
45 dB minimum
OTRx output power (optical)
0 dBm to 7 dBm
Optical link budget
0 dB to 10 dB (0 dB to 5 dB for MMR21P)
Maintenance - supervision and auxiliary
Maintenance terminal
RS232 10/100BT
Summary alarm
Phoenix 3 PIN 3.81 mm
Alarm contacts
16 PIN B2L3.5 / 16F
WLAN (to Access Point)
SMA female
Page 162

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7 Appendix

System supervision and control


Monitoring of connected RUs; auto-leveling
External alarms can be connected to BTS
(optional alarms can be sent by SMS)
Alarm forwarding
External control port
8 inputs for external supervision
8 outputs for external control
In-band signalling and supervision from Master to
Remote control
Remote (with RMC1600)
Graphical user interface on installed screen or via
Local Maintenance Terminal RS232 Ethernet interface (for MMC Plus) to any laptop
(Webpage browsing)
Access protection
Password protection for local interface
Via GSM modem
analogue modem
OMC connection
LAN connection
Web-based access supported (local or remote)
Features
Supported RUs
All MMR and ION-M Remote Units
Windows- based Maintenance Terminal software for
Maintenance software
local interface
Access protection
Password protection for local interface
8 alarm outputs 8 alarm inputs per system alarm
Alarm contacts
board
Up to 63 system alarm boards
Built-in test equipment

7.2.2. Mechanical Specifications


MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Height, width, depth
1 to n 19" racks, depending on configuration
MU rack
up to 300 kg per rack, depending on configuration
Weight
RMC1600
3.24 kg (7.14 lbs)

Page 163

7.2.3. Environmental and Safety Specifications - Indoor ION-M MU


Note: The ION-M MU is an indoor equipment (ION-M RU is outdoor) and intended
for INDOOR usage only!
ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS
Air pressure
Altitude above sea level
Sealing class
Wind velocity
Salt mist
Acoustical noise @ 30C
ambient temperature

70 106 kPa
1500 m for solar equipment
IP30 (Indoor Master Unit),
IP67 (RF cabinet), IP55 Fan unit
50 m/s
EN 60 068
< 47 dB(A) @ 55C desired RU temperature

SAFETY SPECIFICATIONS
EMC, EMI
Safety standards

EN 301 489
EN 60 950

STORAGE (ETS 300 019 2 1, CLASS 1.2)


Air temperature
Humidity (relative)
Water
Vibration (sinusoidal)
Vibration (random)
Shock

- 25 to + 70 C
+ 30 C / 93 % / 96 h
none
5 - 62 Hz / 5 mm/s (velocity)
0.2 g @ 62 200 Hz, 3 x 5 sweep cycles
0.02 m2/s3 10 50 Hz
+12 dB / oct. 5 10 Hz
-12 dB / oct. 50 100 Hz
3 x 30 min
none

TRANSPORTATION (ETS 300 019 2 2, CLASS 2.3)


Air temperature
Humidity
Water
Vibration (random)
Shock
Free fall

Page 164

- 40 to + 70 C (and +85)
+ 40 C / 90 - 100 %
10 litres / min / 15 min
5 20 Hz / 1 m/s
20 200 Hz / -3 dB / oct, 3 x 30 min
18 g / 6 x 100 bumps, 6 ms
0.1 1.0 m (dependant on respective weight)

M0106A9AH.doc

7 Appendix

STATIONARY USE (ETS 300 019 2 3 class 3.1)


Location
Air temperature
Humidity
Water
Radiation (solar)
Radiation (heat)
Vibration (sinusoidal)
Vibration (random)
Shock

F Note:

Weather-protected storage
+ 5 to + 40 C
+ 30 C / 85 % / 96 h
none
700 W / m
600 W / m
none
none
3 g / 3 x 6 bumps, 11 ms

For more detailed information, please refer to the Environmental and


Safety Specifications leaflet of the supplier, related to ETS 300 019
(European Telecommunication Standard).
All data is subject to change without notice.

7.3.

SPARE PARTS

All Spare parts available for the ION-M Optical Master Unit (ID No: 7158775) are
listed in the Ordering Information for the ION-M Master Unit. The ordering information
is part of delivery of this MU manual CD (ID No: 7160472).

Page 165

8. INDEX
1
1 HU PSU Subrack ....................... 61, 62, 63, 64, 67
Description ....................................................... 79
Layout .............................................................. 80
PSU Module - Replacement ...................... 80, 81
PSU Module - Status LED ............................... 80
Voltage Supply................................................. 62

A
Abbreviations ........................................................ 11
Access .................................................................. 37
Adapter Cards ...................................................... 29
Addressing of Transceiver .................................. 115
Alarm
RMC1600 System............................................ 43
Alarm Board
Rack (RAB) .................................................... 100
System (SAB) .................................................. 95
Alarms and Troubleshooting ............................... 133
ALC Circuits
DL Input ALC .............................................. 116
DL Output ALC ........................................... 118
UL 118, 119
ALC Handling
General ALC Information ............................... 116
ION-M EP Systems ........................ 116, 118, 119
ION-M EP Systems only ................................ 116
Auto-Setup.......................................................... 134

B
Battery Backup - RMC1600 .................................. 38
Battery Backup - Safety Warnings ...... 136, 137, 138
Battery Backup (RMC1600) .................................. 38
Battery Drawer - Handle ....................................... 39
Battery Drawer - Screw ........................................ 39
Block Diagram ...................................................... 23
BTS-Connect Unit................................................. 28

C
CE Declaration of Conformity (DoC)..................... 15
COM Port 1........................................................... 48
COM Port 13................................................... 48, 49
COM Port 22................................................... 48, 49
COM Port 5........................................................... 48
COM Port 7........................................................... 48
COM Port 8........................................................... 48
Combiner ............................................ 28, 87, 88, 94
Combining Section ............................................... 28
Commissioning
Adjust BTS / Node B DL Level ....................... 119
Power-Up the Master Unit.............................. 114
RF and Optical System .................................. 115
CommScope ......................................................... 15
Components of MU......................................... 24, 25
Configuration of the Master Unit ........................... 24

Page 166

Connections
BTS / Node B ................................................. 111
Grounding ...................................................... 108
Power ............................................................ 108
Connectors at Front Side...................................... 39
Connectors at Rear Side ...................................... 46
Contact Addresses
Customer Support................................ 16, 17, 18
Control Unit .......................................................... 37
Customer Access ................................................. 50
CUSTOMER LAN 1 Connector ............................ 50
Customer Support Addresses .................. 16, 17, 18

D
Declaration of Conformity (DoC) .......................... 15
Diplexer ................................................................ 29
Duplexer ......................................................... 28, 36

E
Ethernet Connector Local LAN2 ........................... 40
External Alarms
Connector (MMC Plus) .................................... 56
Inputs ............................................................. 100
Relays.............................................................. 99
External-Alarms Connector
SAB ................................................................. 98

F
Fiber-Optical Components
Cleaning Procedure ....................................... 113
System Installation......................................... 112
Frequency Conversion Modules (FCMs) .............. 30
Front-Side Connectors ......................................... 39
Functional Description .......................................... 37
General ............................................................ 22
Overview.......................................................... 21
Fuse F1 ................................................................ 47
Fuse of BBU
Replacement ................................................. 141
Fuse of RMC1600 Mains
Replacement ................................................. 142

H
Health and Safety Warnings ................................. 13
Hot Swapping Unability ...................................... 134

I
Illustrations ......................................................... 157
Input ALC (DL) ................................................... 116
Input Power Protection (IPP) .......................... 87, 88
Inputs (SAB) ....................................................... 100
Installation
BTS / Node B Connections ............................ 111
Electrical ........................................................ 107
Indoor Cabinet ............................................... 108
Interconnection between MU Cabinets .......... 110
Mechanical .................................................... 105
Outdoor Cabinet Cabling ............................... 109

M0106A9AH.doc

8 Index
Internal Modem Coupler ....................................... 45
Introduction - Purpose .......................................... 19

K
Keyboard .............................................................. 86

L
Layout of Master Unit
Front 1 ........................................................... 158
Front 2 ........................................................... 159
Rear 1 .................................................... 160, 161
LED
Modem Status.................................................. 44
LED Functions ...................................................... 42
LED Functions RMC1600 .................................. 41
LEDs - CUSTOMER LAN 1 .................................. 50
LEDs - Local LAN2 ............................................... 40
LEDs RMC1600................................................. 41
LEDs SITE LAN 3 .............................................. 50
Legacy Applications
OTRx 4-9/18/21-26 MU-LG.............................. 32
Linux ..................................................................... 37
Local Access .................................................. 37, 40
Local LAN2 Ethernet Connector ........................... 40
Local Login
MMC Plus ...................................................... 131
RMC1600....................................................... 130
Low Input Power Alarm (IPP) ............................... 94
LTE Subrack
EMEA .............................................................. 31
US .................................................................... 32
LTE Subrack EMEA .................................. 28, 29, 30

M
Mains Terminal Block - Mounting ................... 63, 64
Maintenance ............................................... 133, 136
Master Controller .................................................. 37
MC35/ MC88 (EGS5 Cinterion)/ HC25 Modem .. 103
MC75/ MC88 (EGS5 Cinterion)/ HC25/ TRM3
Modem ............................................................. 52
MMC Plus ............................................................. 53
Automatic Shutdown ........................................ 53
Backplane ........................................................ 58
Battery Backup .............................................. 143
BBU Replacement ......................... 136, 137, 138
Front Side ........................................................ 53
Local Login .................................................... 131
Modem ............................................................. 60
ON/ OFF Button ............................................... 54
Over Temperature ........................................... 53
Relay Contacts ................................................ 55
Summary Alarm ............................................... 55
System Startup .............................................. 131
V.11 Battery Pack .................. 150, 151, 152, 153
VGA PS2 Connection Adapter Kit.................... 59
MMC Plus Battery
Replacement.................................................. 156
MMC Plus Battery V.11
Replacement.................................................. 150

MMC Plus BBU


Functions ....................................................... 148
Installation/ Upgrade .......................144, 145, 146
Maintenance Cycle ........................................ 148
Replacement ......................................... 147, 149
Restrictions on Battery Operation .................. 149
Upgrade ......................................................... 143
MMC Plus BBU V.11
Replacement .. 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156
MMC Plus Module
LEDs ................................................................ 54
MMR Compatibility Offset ................................... 132
Modem (External) ............................................... 103
Modem (Internal)
MMC Plus ........................................................ 60
RMC1600 ........................................................ 52
Modem 1 Reset Button ......................................... 43
Modem Coupler (Internal)..................................... 45
Modem Status LED .............................................. 44
Monitor ................................................................. 86
Monitor/ Keyboard/ Mouse ................................... 37
Mounting Guidelines - POI Subrack ..................... 26
MU Rack - POI Subrack ....................................... 26

O
ON/ OFF/ Reset Button .................................. 39, 40
Optical Transceiver (OTRx) .................................. 28
Optional Equipment .............................................. 86
OTRx 4-9/18/21-26 MU-LG - Legacy Applications 32
Output ALC (DL)................................................. 118
Overview
Components .................................................... 21

P
PDU ...................................................................... 76
Configuration ................................................... 70
Door Alarm LED............................................... 77
External-Temperature-Sensor Status LEDs .... 77
Fans................................................................. 75
Fan-Status LEDs ............................................. 77
Global Re-Init Button ....................................... 76
Layout ........................................................ 69, 70
LED Indication ................................................. 74
LED Indication (Overview) ............................... 78
Operating Elements Description ...................... 74
PSU Status LEDs ............................................ 78
PSUs ............................................................... 76
Status Indication LEDs .................................... 77
Subrack Status LEDs....................................... 78
Subracks.......................................................... 75
PDU - Configuration ............................................. 69
Fan-Alarm Supervision .................................... 70
System-Bus Address (Rotary Switch) .............. 72
System-Bus Interface (DIP Switch).................. 71
PDU Operating Instructions ............................... 73
PDU & 1 HU PSU Subrack ................................... 68
Connections at Rear .................................. 64, 65
Connector Kit ..................................66, 67, 68, 69
Functional Description ..................................... 61
Layout .............................................................. 62
Mounting Mains Terminal Block ................. 63, 64
Mounting Order ................................................ 63
PDU/ PSU Subrack Connector Kit .......66, 67, 68, 69

Page 167

PIN Assignment
External Alarms Connector .............................. 56
External-Alarm Relays ..................................... 99
MMC Plus External Alarms Connector ............ 57
MMC Plus Power Supply Connector................ 58
Modem-Power Supply Connector .................... 59
PSU-Alarms Connector.................................... 59
SAB External-Alarms Connector...................... 98
SAB Summary-Alarm Connector ..................... 97
Summary-Alarm Connector ............................. 55
POI Subrack
Location in MU Rack ........................................ 26
POI Subrack Mounting Guidelines..................... 26
Ports
Band Ports ..................................................... 123
Levels OTRx 1/4/9 ......................................... 126
Levels OTRx 17P/17P/17P ............................ 127
Levels OTRx 17P/17P/19P ............................ 129
Levels OTRx 19P/19P/19P ............................ 128
Levels OTRx 70-85/90/17-21 ......................... 125
Levels OTRx 7P/7P/85P/19P......................... 129
Levels OTRx 8-9/18/21 .................................. 125
Probe Ports .................................................... 123
Power Connector .................................................. 46
Power-Supply Subracks 3 HU / 6 HU ....... 82, 84, 85
PSU Subrack 1 HU
Layout .............................................................. 79

R
Rack Alarm Board (RAB) .................................... 100
DIP Switches ................................................. 101
Rear-Side Connectors .......................................... 46
Relay Contacts ..................................................... 55
Replacement
Fuse of BBU .................................................. 141
Fuse of RMC1600 Mains ............................... 142
MMC Plus BBU ...................... 136, 137, 138, 147
OTRx ............................................................. 134
OTRx Hot Swapping Unability ....................... 134
RMC1600 Battery Fuse ................................. 139
RMC1600 Battery Pack ................................. 139
RMC1600 BBU .............................. 136, 137, 138
Replacement V.11 MMC Plus Battery150,
151,
152, 153
Reset Button ................................................... 39, 40
RF Connectors ..................................................... 45
RMC1600 ............................................................. 37
Automatic Shutdown ........................................ 37
Battery Backup ................................................ 38
BBU ..................................38, 136, 137, 138, 139
BBU Replacement ......................................... 136
Front Side ........................................................ 38
Local Login .................................................... 130
Modem (MC35/ MC88 (EGS5 Cinterion)/ HC25)
.................................................................... 52
Over Temperature ........................................... 37
Rear Side ......................................................... 46
Summary-Alarm Relay ..................................... 47
System Startup .............................................. 130
RMC600 ............................................................... 37
RS485 Bus ................................................... 24, 110

Page 168

S
SAB
External-Alarms Connector.............................. 98
Summary-Alarm Connector ............................. 97
SAB Relay Contacts ............................................. 97
Safety Warnings - Battery Backup .......136, 137, 138
Section
Optical ............................................................. 28
Power Supply ...................................... 82, 84, 85
SIM-Card Drawer.................................................. 43
SITE LAN 3 Connector ......................................... 50
Spare Parts ........................................................ 165
Specifications
Electrical ........................................................ 162
Environmental and Safety...................... 162, 164
Mechanical .................................................... 163
Splitter .................................................................. 28
SRMU
Subrack Master Unit ........... Look Up MU OTRx
Subrack
Four OTRxs ..................................................... 35
LTE - EMEA ..................................................... 31
LTE - US .......................................................... 32
LTE EMEA ....................................................... 32
Three OTRxs ................................................... 34
Three-Sectors Three OTRxs ........................... 35
Two OTRxs ...................................................... 33
Summary-Alarm Connector .................................. 47
MMC Plus ........................................................ 55
RMC1600 ........................................................ 97
System Alarm Board (SAB) .................................. 95
DIP Switches ................................................... 96
PIN Assignment ............................................. 100
System Alarm RMC1600 ...................................... 43
System Startup
MMC Plus ...................................................... 131
RMC1600 ...................................................... 130
System-Bus Address (Rotary Switch) of PDU ...... 72

T
TPX Modules ........................................................ 29
Transceiver Address Setting .............................. 115
Triplexer ............................................................... 29

U
Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) .................... 86
Upgrade - MMC Plus BBU.................................. 143
USB Interfaces ............................................... 43, 51

V
VGA Monitor Connector ....................................... 51
VGA PS2 Connection Adapter Kit ........................ 59

W
Warnings (Safety) - Battery Backup ................... 136

M0106A9AH.doc

9 List of Changes

9. LIST OF CHANGES
Version
Changes
M0106A9AG
M0106A9AH - Copyright and cover page updated
- chapters 1.3 and 1.4 updated
- chapter 3.3.8 enhanced
-MC88 modem name changed to MC88 (EGS5
Cinterion)

Release Date
11-July-2012
13-January-2013

Page 169