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1

1.3

1.
: = 2

2.
: =

3.
: =

4.
: =

5.
: =

6.
: =

( + )
2

1.
:
2.
:
3.
:

4.
:
()

1.
28 m 8m.
.

x 28 = 2x + 28
28 = 2x + 16
2x = 12 x = 6
O 6 m.
To = 8 6 = 48 m2

2.
8cm 0,9 dm.
,
.

0,9 dm = 0,9 10cm = 9cm
9 8
=
= 36 cm2
2
36 cm2 .
x , x2 = 36 x = 36 = 6 cm .

3.
3,5 m 180cm,
315 . .

180 cm = 180 : 100 m = 1,8m
= 3,5 1,8 = 6,3 m2
315 315 : 6,3 = 50

4.
12 m 8m.
40cm 1,5 .
)
)

)
= 128 = 96 m2 .
40cm = 40 : 100 m = 0,4 m
= 0,42 = 0,16 m2
96 : 0,16 = 600
)
600 1,5 = 900

5.
12 cm .
4 cm ,

= 122 = 144cm2
144 cm2 .
,
= 144 = 4 = 36 cm

6.
8cm, 6cm 3cm .
10cm.
.

(8 + 6) 3
=
= 21 cm2
2

=

2
10
= 4,2 cm
21 =
2

7.

54 cm2
15 cm 12 cm. .

( + )
=

2
(15 + 12)
108 = 27 = 4cm
54 =
2

8.
= 6 cm = 8 cm .
10 cm ,
.

6 8
=
=
= 24 cm2
2
2

10
24 =
= 4,8 cm
=
2
2

9.
3cm ,
81 cm2 6 cm .
.

x x + 3.
( + )
=

2
(x + 3 + x) 6
81 =
81 = 3( 2x + 3)
2
81 = 6x + 9
6x = 72 x = 12
12 cm 15 cm

10.

.


= () + () +() + ()

24
() =
=
= 4cm2
2
2
( + ) (6 + 4) 12
() =
=
= 60cm2
2
2
1 6
=
= 3cm2
() =
2
2
= 2 + 4 + 8 + 1= 15
15 5
() =
=
= 37,5 cm2
2
2
= 4 + 60 + 3 + 15 + 37,5 = 119,5 cm2

11.
60 m 1000 .
12000 .
)
)

)
12000 : 1000 = 12 ,
12 =12 1000 m2 = 12000 m2
)
= 12000 = 60 = 200.
200 m

12.

100 cm2.


() = = 100 = (1)
(1) 100
() =
=
=
= 50 cm2
2
2
2

13.
3m
,

5m
8m

3m
.

15m
10 . ;



.

= 15 8 = 120 m2
= 32 = 9m2
3 5
= 7,5 m2 .
E =
2
= 120 9 7,5 = 103,5 m2
= 103,5 10 = 1035