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A.

Fung

Tel: 23050505
www.fungsir.net

Collect gases p.1

Methods of collecting gases


1.

Upward delivery of gases = Download displacement of air


To collect gases which are lighter than air.
hydrogen gas H2 ,
neon gas Ne,
methane gas CH4 ,

helium gas He
ammonia gas NH3
carbon monoxide CO

or

gas in

2.

gas in

Downward delivery of gases () = Upward displacement of air ()


To collect gases which are denser than air.
chlorine gas Cl2 , fluorine gas F2 , hydrogen chloride gas HCl
nitrogen monoxide NO, nitrogen dioxide NO2
carbon dioxide CO2 ,
sulphur dioxide SO2
gas in

gas in

or

** , Molar mass of air = 28.6 g / mol


In general, air is a mixture of N2 (78%) and O2 (21%), the molar mass of air is about 28.6 g/mol.
78% N2 21% O2 = 28.6 g / mol
Denser gases have molar mass greater than air.
Lighter gases have molar mass smaller than air.
Relative atomic massH=1.0, He=4.0, C=12.0, N=14, O=16.0, F=19.0, Ne=20.2, S=32.1

Notes are prepared, printed and distributed by A.Fung. They are not related to Kings Glory Educational Centre.
** NOT FOR SALE **


A. Fung

Tel: 23050505
www.fungsir.net

Collect gases p.2

Methods of collecting gases


3.

Displacement of water
To collect undissolved / insoluble gases

**

To collect undissolved / insoluble gases H2 , He, Ne, Ar, N2 , O2 ,CO, NO, H2S, CxHy (CH4)

**

NOT to collect dissolved / soluble gases Cl2 , F2 , HCl, CO2 , NO2 , SO2 , NH3

wet gas

gas in
water

4.

Using gas syringe


This method is suitable for collecting all gases and measuring the volume of gases formed.
However, this method is inconvenient when to release the gas for testing.

gas in
gas syringe

END
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Notes are prepared, printed and distributed by A.Fung. They are not related to Kings Glory Educational Centre.
** NOT FOR SALE **