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# Thermal Energy

Transfer Notes

Substances
small particles
(atoms)

which are in
constant
motion.

## The total energy of

the particles in a
substance is called
thermal energy

Thermal energy is a
form of kinetic
energy.

## Why do you think it is

a form of kinetic
energy?
HINT:

As the particles in
a substance move
faster the
amount of energy
increases and so
does the
temperature.

The amount of
thermal energy
is measured with
a thermometer.

## Thermal energy can

be transferred
from place to place.
This movement is
called Heat

We can predict
which way the
energy will move
(heat).

Thermal energy
moves (heat) from
the greatest
amount of energy
(warmest) to the
lowest energy
(coolest).

## The energy (heat) will

continue to move until it
reaches equilibrium.

Energy
Movement

## This means both objects will

have the same amount of
energy or temperature.

Energy
Movement

## Which way does the

thermal energy
move?

The thermal
energy
moves from
warm to
cool.

There are
three ways
thermal
energy can
be
transferred.

Conduction
Convection

Conduction

Thermal energy
transfers when two
objects or particles
touch.
http://tdflashzone.net23.net/index.php?p=2_73

Convection

## In gases and liquids

(fluids), thermal
energy is
transferred through
the fluid by
convection.
http://tdflashzone.net23.net/index.php?p=2_52

The fluid
circulates in a
manner such
that the
warmer material
rises and the
cooler material
sinks.

Thermal
energy can be
transferred
through empty
space.

This method of
heat transfer
occurs in
space, the
atmosphere,
and from
light.

Convection, Conduction

Quick Quiz-

1) A) Conduction
B) Convection

2) A) Conduction
B) Convection

3) A) Conduction
B) Convection

4) A) Conduction
B) Convection

5) A) Conduction
B) Convection

6) A) Conduction
B) Convection

7) A) Conduction
B) Convection

8) A) Conduction
B) Convection

Label:
A) Conduction
B) Convection

9
10
11

12.
A) Conduction B) Convection

2)
1)
20 Celsius 80 Celsius

## 13. When the two objects are placed into

contact what direction will the energy flow?
A) From box #1 into box #2.
B) In both directions between box #1 and box #2
C) From box #2 into box #1

14. Why does your hand get cold when you put it in
ice water?
A) The thermal energy from your hand goes into the ice
water.
B) The ice is colder than your hand and cools your
hand.
C) Ice has no energy and therefore cools your hand.

## The picture above represents.

A) Energy conversion
B) Equilibrium