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Warm Up

1. What was the foremost reason for the War of 1812?
A. the quest for westward expansion beyond the Mississippi River
B. the establishment of a representative government in America
C. the French fur trade in Canada and in western United States
D. the British policy of search and seizure of American ships

2. What was the goal of the Monroe Doctrine?
A. to restrict European influence in the Americas
B. to end British rule over Canada and Oregon
C. to limit Mexico’s expansion in the Southwest
D. to avoid U.S. involvement in the Napoleonic Wars

Today in History

Oct. 8th, 1871:
• Great Chicago Fire starts
• 200-300 die
• 100,000 homeless
• Rebuild city

Manifest Destiny


God’s will for
U.S. to expand,
control land
to Pacific

Duty: Conquer the West
 Why move West?
1. Adventure
2. Economic Opportunity (CA Gold Rush)
3. Religion


advances = big
economic changes
Sectionalism: Differences within country
 South: Plantations (slaves)
 North: Factories (immigrant labor)
 West: Frontier (small landowners)
• Differences caused strains, disputes

Eli Whitney

1793: Invented cotton gin
• Quickly separates fiber
from seeds
South: “Cotton Kingdom”
• Cotton plantations
dependent on slaves
Interchangeable Parts:
Identical part made to
fit in any device of the
same type (light bulb)

Video Questions

Discussion Questions:

1. Why did U.S. leaders want to build the Erie Canal? How did the
canal change the U.S.?
2. Some historians refer to the increase in highways and roads in the
U.S. during the 19th century as a “transportation revolution.” How
did the addition of many more roads and highways affect the U.S.?
3. When was the Fugitive Slave Act passed, and what were the
consequences of this law?
4. A commentator says that the Civil War played a role in advancing
U.S. industrial progress. Can you give an example that proves that
5. Define the word “inevitable” – what does this word mean? Do you
think the Civil War was inevitable?

1. Manifest Destiny was a belief that
A. Social classes should be abolished
B. Americans had a right to settle the West
C. American women have the right to vote
D. religion should be more important than politics
2. What was the importance of interchangeable parts during the
Industrial Revolution of the early 19th century?
A. They allowed for the mass production, reduced price of American
B. They brought fame to the international inventor Eli Whitney
C. They were first used in production of the cotton gin
D. They revolutionized the cotton gin

3. In what way was the Lewis and Clark expedition a key element in
Manifest Destiny?
A. The Louisiana Purchase established a boundary for southern
B. Westward expansion stalled until the Homestead Act in 1862
C. The United States now viewed westward expansion as beneficial
D. Jefferson sought to restrict settlement within the Louisiana
4. How did westward expansion affect the lives of Native Americans
living on the frontier?
A. They were forced to move westward
B. They were given better education and money to build homes
C. They were forced into slavery
D. They were allowed to keep their land