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Forced vibration and resonance system. Calculate the amplitude of vibration for (i) w = 50 rad sl, (fi) w = 99rad s~?, and (iii) w = 150rad s~! 42 A single driving force produces steady-state oscillations with an amplitude of 0.001 m. A second driving force of the frequency same as that of the first and acting on the same system produces steady-state amplitude of 0.002 m. When both the forces are acting simultaneously, the steady-state amplitude is 0.0015 m. Find the phase difference between the two forces. 34 A seismometer has a period of 40.8 and a Q-factor of 3. Due to a violent earthquake, the earth’s surface may oscillate with a period of 1200 s having the amplitude maximum of acceleration 10-* ms~?. What is the corresponding displacement amplitude if'this signal is to be detected? 45 Anoscillator is driven by a force F = Fosint. The amplitudes cf oscillation decrease by a factor a, for every cycle. Calculate the amplitude of oscillation if w is the resonant frequency. 36 Show that the amplitude of oscillation A is maximum for an oxillation when the driving frequency w = /wg — 62/2m?, 47 A mass of 1 kg is attached to a spring of force constant 300 Nm~!. The damping constant 6 = 1.5 Nsm7!. It is driven by a sinusoidal force of maximum value 8 N and angular frequency w = 9 rads~!. Find the resonant frequency and the amplitude of vibrations at resonance. "9A mass of 1.5 kg is attached to a spring of force constant 500 Nm=? and placed on a smooth horizontal surface. A sec- ond mass of 1 kg slides along the surface towards the first mass with a velocity of 4 ms~!. Assuming the collision to be per- fectly elastic and that the two masses remain together after the impact, find the amplitude and the period of oscillation. 389A sphere of mass 2 kg attains a terminal velocity of 20 ms~! when dropped in air (drag force = —bv). It is attached to a spring of force constant k = 300 Nmo' and oscillates in air 56 Oscillations and waves with an initial amplitude of 0:2 m. Calculate the Q-factor of the oscillator. 3.10 Show that at the half power points, the absorption curve defines the phase angles tan 3.11 An iron ball of mass 0.6 kg hangs on a spring with a force constant 900 Nm™!, An alternating magnetic field acts on the ball with a sinusoidal force whose amplitude is 1.5 N. The Q-factor of the system is 25. Find the amplitude of forced oscillations for w = wo, w = (3/4)wo and w = (3/2)wo. 3.12 Two forced harmonic oscillations have equal displacement am- plitudes at frequencies w; =450 rads} and w = 700 rad s~! Find the resonant frequency at which the displacement ampli- tude is maximum, 3.13 The velocity amplitude of a particle is equal to half the maxi- mum value at frequencies w; and wz of the external harmonic force. Find (a) the frequency corresponding to the velocity resonance and (6) the damping coefficient and the damped os- cillation frequency w of the particle