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Comparatives

What are comparisons?


Comparisons are made when one
object/one group is compared to another
object/group and a difference is
apparent.
Comparisons are between 2 things,
groups, ideas, or concepts.

Comparison formula
Comparisons that are regular have the
same pattern:
ms/menos + adjective + que
ms = more
Menos = less
que = than [notice no accent!]

Comparison

The boy is taller than the girl.


This is a comparison of two people.
It will use the formula ms + adjective + que

Taller is not a word in Spanish for


comparative words that end in er in
English are made by saying more and
then the adjective in Spanish.
Taller = more tall = ms alto

Comparison
The boy is taller than the girl
Ms + adjective+ que
El chico es ms alto que la chica.

Make sure the adjective agrees in number


and gender with the subject.

Comparisons

The cats are smaller than the dogs.

Ms + adjective + que

Los gatos son ms pequeos que los


perros.

Make sure the adjective agrees in number


and gender.

Comparison
The boy is taller than the girl
Ms + adjective+ que
El chico es ms alto que la chica.

Make sure the adjective agrees in number


and gender with the subject.

There is a second way of saying this:


use menos

El chico es menos bajo que la chica.

Comparisons

The cats are smaller than the dogs.

Los gatos son ms pequeos que los perros.

Ms + adjective + que
Make sure the adjective agrees in number and
gender.

There is a second way of saying this: use


menos

Los gatos son menos grandes que los perros.

Comparisons - irregulars
There are 4 irregulars:
Viejo
old
Joven
young
Mal
bad
Bueno
good
These are the adjectives that you will see
in the sentence.

Comparisons - irregular
Viejo
old
Mayor = older
The clock is older than the table.

El reloj es mayor que la mesa.


NOTICE: This sentence does not use ms
or menos.

With irregulars, you do not need to say


more or less because it is already in the
word = older.

Comparisons - irregular
joven
young
menor = younger
The student is younger than the teacher.

El estudiante es menor que el profesor.


NOTICE: This sentence does not use ms
or menos.

With irregulars, you do not need to say


more or less because it is already in the
word = younger.

Comparisons - irregular
mal
bad
peor = worse
The rain is worse than the snow.

La lluvia es peor que la nieve.


NOTICE: This sentence does not use ms
or menos.

With irregulars, you do not need to say


more or less because it is already in the
word = worse.

Comparisons - irregular
bueno
good
mejor = better
The pen writes better than the pencil.

El bolgrafo escribe mejor que el lpiz.


NOTICE: This sentence does not use ms
or menos.

With irregulars, you do not need to say


more or less because it is already in the
word = better.