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Planning and Responding

to Workplace Emergencies
By: Tyler Jones & Jordan Morgan

Introduction
Corps-Rig Drilling is an offshore drilling
company located 150 miles south of
Galveston in the Gulf of Mexico.
The platform measures 225 x 125 ft and
holds 13 production facilities, a driller
riser slot, and quarters for 150 personnel.

The rig was installed in 2000 and is


currently still operating.
The rig is currently operated by BP.

OSHA Standards
Under OSHA, industrial facilities such as ours are required
to have and operate an Emergency Action Plan.
This is stated within the directive order CPL 2-1.037 and
is effective as of July 9, 2002.
These types of plans are required under the General
Industry Standard 29 CFR 1910.38.

Planning
It is important to ensure all necessary precautions are
taken to prevent a workplace injury during an emergency
situation.
Offshore rigs are classified as high hazard work
environments.
BOSIET training, offered through OPITO, offers to train
employees on how to deal with emergency situations.
Corps-Rig drilling should increase the current training
standards to meet the standards required by OPITO.

Escape Procedures &


Routes
Escape procedures and escape route assignments are
critical in order to maintain order and safety.
Training is needed in: evacuation and escape routes as
well as the proper mode of evacuation.
Lifeboats
Helicopters
Rescue Services

Evacuation Map

Special Shut Down Procedures


Training in the emergency shut down of the plant is critical
but should only be run by a select few to reduce confusion
and to allow a quick and orderly evacuation.

Evacuation Tracking System


A system to track the safe evacuation of employees is
necessary during an emergency to ensure no employees
are left behind.

Rescue & Medical Response


Teams
One in every ten employees should
be trained in First Aid.
A medical professional should also
be available to provide assistance
and advice for the rig personnel.
Written emergency medical action
plan needs to be developed and put
into place.

Coordinating an emergency action


plan with outside responders such as
the fire department, hospital
emergency room, EMS providers and
local HAZMAT teams is necessary.

Procedures for Reporting


Fires & Emergencies
The Coast Guard should be notified
in the event of any emergency.
K&M Environmental Response
Team should be immediately
notified of any spill, fire or potential
for release of any chemicals.
In the event of any of these
situations it will be at K&Ms
discretion on the appropriate action
plan to be taken.

Chain of Command
A site vulnerable to emergencies such as ours should
construct a chain of command that accomplishes the
following:
Determine what emergencies may occur and see that
emergency procedures are developed to address each
situation.
Direct all emergency activities including evacuation of
personnel.

Ensure that outside emergency services are notified


when necessary.
Direct the shutdown of plant operations when necessary.

Training
BOSIET training is require and provided by OPITO.
BOSIET -3 day course that will train students and have
them prepared to begin working on offshore assets.
The course will include training related to survival at sea,
first aid procedures, basic fire-fighting, self-rescue,
helicopter escape and proper helicopter safety.
Created by OPITO whose sole purpose is to serve the
needs of the Oil and Gas Industry.

Personal Protection
Oil rigs can be a dangerous work environment. As such,
protection against certain hazards must be enforced.
Non-optional
Steel Toed Boots
Long sleeve shirts and long pants
Safety vest
Hard hat
Safety glasses

Optional/ Required for special environment


Fall protection
Respirators

Emergency Response
Teams
Teams should be assembled and create a plan for the
following:
Use of various types of fire extinguishers.
First aid, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and
self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
Requirements of the OSHA blood borne pathogens standard.
Shutdown procedures.
Chemical spill control procedures.
Search and emergency rescue procedures.
Hazardous materials emergency response.

Response Activities
An off site emergency response center should be
available.
Allows for outside help to become available when a chain
of command might fall apart during an emergency.

Medical Assistance
To be affective, first aid must be available within 3-4 minutes.
Worksites more than 3-4 min away from a clinic, infirmary or
hospital must have a plan in place to account for medical
emergencies.
1 in every 10 employees should be First Aid trained.
First Aid supplies must also be readily available on site as well
as emergency phones.
There should be preset emergency action plans in place to
contact emergency personnel such as fire departments, hospital
emergency room, EMS providers and local HAZMAT teams.

Cost/Benefits
Costs:
BOSIET Training- $1,100 per employee
In house training is not available.

First Aid equipment- $2,000


K&M Services- Dependent on response.
Total Initial Costs- $167,000

Benefits
Ensuring employee safety
A better trained and efficient work force.
No fines from lack of guidelines.

Main Points
Implement an Emergency Action Plan for Corps-Rig Drilling.
Trained personnel on-site to assist with emergency response procedures.
BOSIET Training is required by OPITO and is necessary for Corps-Rig
Drilling.
Better communication with K&M and The U.S. Coast Guard.
OSHA does not only require an emergency action plan, but it will save the
lives of Corps-Rig Drilling employees and ensure no employee is left
behind.
In the long run, by training and organizing your employees for an
emergency, you not only will be providing a safer work place but also
saving money on the fines and other incidentals that might have occurred.

Bibliography
http://www.opito.com
https://www.osha.gov/pls/publications/publication.athruz?p
Type=Types&pID=2
https://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_General_Facts/factsh
eet-workplaceevergencies.pdf