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Teacher Candidate

Samantha Colman
School
Greenwood High School

Date/Time of Lesson

Observer
Woody Nivens

Subject/Grade Level
Probability and Statistics/ 11-12

Cooperating Teacher
Woody Nivens

Description of Lesson
In this lesson I will teach the students about range and standard deviation. I will explain the definitions and demonstrate
how to find the range and standard deviation of a set of data. Then the students will practice finding the range and standard
deviation.
Lesson Plan Component
Lesson Topic/Title

Description
What is Range and Standard Deviation?

Title of lesson, similar to a book title


NCTM: Data Analysis and Probability- Formulate questions that can be addressed with data collect, organize, and display
relevant
data to answer them compute basic statistics and understand the distinction between a statistic and a parameter
National Standard(s): List the number and write the
standard; i.e., IRA/NCTE, NCSS, NCTM, MENC,
SC Curriculum Standard: S-ID (Interpreting Categorical and Quantitative Data) Summarize, represent, and interpret data
NAFME
on a single count or measurement variable
SC Curriculum Standard(s): List the number and

Curriculum Standards Addressed

write the standard; i.e., GS-6.1


SC Academic Indicator(s): List the number and
write the indicator

SC Academic Indicator: 2. Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center(median,
mean) and spread(interquartile range, standard deviation) of two or more different data sets

Cross-Curricular Connections

Students need to be able to read their textbooks to integrate English

Write how the lesson is integrated with other


subject areas

Instructional Objectives

Students will be able to find the range of a data set by hand and with a calculator

What should students know or be able to do by the


end of the lesson?

Students will be able to find the (population/sample) variance and (population/sample)standard deviation of a
data set by hand and using a calculator

Students will (VERB)


Objectives should be observable and
measureable

Lesson Plan Component

Description

NCTM- compute basic statistics

SC Standards- S-ID 3

Pencils

Notebook

Text book (Elementary Statistics Picturing the World 5 Edition)

Promethean Board write notes on the board

Computer need to use Promethean Board

Graphing Calculator- Students will use the calculator to solve range and standard deviation of sets of data using
another method other than by hand

Prerequisites (Prior Knowledge)

List skills/abilities students will need to successfully


participate in their learning experience according to
the following developmental needs:

Social
o

Cognitive
o Thinking about any connections to previous knowledge

Physical
o Able to write
o Able to use a calculator

Emotional
o Be open to learning

Instructional Objectives cont.

List the numbers for the standards that


each objective addresses; i.e., NCSS 1, SC
GS-6.1

Materials/Resources

List all materials needed to implement your


lesson; e.g., pencils, notebook, selected
reading(s), video, PowerPoint...
If digital technology will be integrated in
the lesson to enhance the learning
experience, address how.

Social

Cognitive

Physical
Emotional

Accommodations

How will you accommodate for varying


rates of learning (early finishers/slowerpaced learners), learning styles, and any
relevant diversities?
What accommodations will be made for
students with special needs?

References

th

Able to communicate with me and other students

I will have the definition and an example of a range and standard deviation on the Promethean Board. I will vocally say
what I am writing or what is on the board. This will accommodate all types of learners. I will give time between each step
before moving on to make sure the students understand the content. If there are any students with special needs, they
will be included in the accommodations as well.

Larson, R., & Farber, B. (2012). Measures of Variation. In Elementary statistics: Picturing the world (5th

Cite all references for materials/resources used in


ed., pp. 80-99). Boston, MA: Prentice Hall.
th
preparing the lesson. Citations should be in APA, 6
2

Lesson Plan Component

Description

edition format.

Procedures

Introduction: Today we are going to learn about range and standard deviation. You will be able to find the range and
standard deviation of any set of data by the end of the lesson. I expect you to pay attention to the lesson as I teach you
about range and standard deviation, answer questions if I ask them as directed, and listen to all of my instructions.

Motivation

Grouping

Instructional Strategies (steps in the lesson) Body: We are going to first look at what the range is of a set of data and then the standard deviation.
to include questioning techniques and
Range:
lesson closure
The definitiono The range of a data set is the difference between the maximum and minimum data entries in the
set. To find the range the data must be quantitative:
Range = (Maximum Value)- (Minimum Value)

Work an example of how to find the range


o Example 1 (I will demonstrate with this problem)
o (Variation of Problem 27 on page 117)The mileages (in thousands of miles) for a rental car
companys fleet are listed. Find the range of the set of data.
4, 2, 9, 12, 15, 3, 6, 8, 1, 4, 14, 12, 3, 3

The students will find the range of another set of data


o Students will work Example 1 on page 80 solve both Corporations range
o Answer for A is 10
o Answer for B is 35

Answer 15 1 14

Standard Deviation:

The definitiono

The population standard deviation of a population data set of


population variance
Population standard deviation

(x )

N entries is the square root of the

N
o The sample standard deviation of a sample data set of n entries is

Lesson Plan Component

Description
Sample standard deviation

s s
2

( x x)

n 1

Step- by- step on how to find standard deviation


1. Find the mean

x for population or x x for sample

2.

Find the deviation

3.
4.

Square the deviation


Sum up squares

5.
6.

Divide by N for population or n 1 for sample (this is variance)


Take the square root to get the standard deviation

The definition of deviation, variance are in the steps

While working on the steps have them first look at it and have them figure out why you have to square the
deviation
o First work it out without squaring the deviation to see what the students get when solving the
problem to realize that they will end up with 0 and that is not the answer. The have to square each
term then sum the answers to get a number that is not 0.

Work an example of standard deviation


o Example 1 ( I will demonstrate this problem)
o The ages of a college level math class at Lander University are 21,25,20,21,27 what is the population
standard deviation of their age

Lesson Plan Component

Description
Age

Mean

Deviation

Square
Deviation

Age

Mean

Deviation

xx

Square
Deviation

21

22.8

-1.8

3.24

21

22.8

-1.8

3.24

25

22.8

2.2

4.84

25

22.8

2.2

4.84

20

22.8

-2.8

7.84

20

22.8

-2.8

7.84

21

22.8

-1.8

3.24

21

22.8

-1.8

3.24

27

22.8

4.2

17.64

27

22.8

4.2

17.64

x 0 ( x )

x x 0 ( x x)

= 36.8

(x )
N

= 36.8

= 7.36

s2

( x x)
n 1

= 9.2

s 2 = 3.03

= 2.71

2.712931993 2.7 (Population) and 3.033150178 3.03(sample)

Answer is

The students will find the range of another set of data


o Example 2
o For test scores are given. The scores are 96, 85, 91, 86 find the population standard deviation for
the test scores.
o Answer is 4.387482194

Lesson Plan Component

Description
Calculator:

Show students how to enter a set of data into the calculator


1. Turn on calculator
2. Press STAT button
3. Make sure EDIT is highlighted the press ENTER
4. If numbers are in L1 press up arrow then press CLEAR
5. Then press down arrow
st
6. Enter 1 number and press ENTER
7. Then enter the rest of the number pressing enter after each entry
ND
8. Once all numbers are in L1 press 2 MODE
9. Press STAT
10. Press right arrow to go to CALC
11. Highlight 1-Var Stats
12. Press Enter
13. Make sure List:L1 is on the list line
14. Then press ENTER twice
15. This screen shows all information

Show students how to solve for range and standard deviation with the calculator

Let them work a previous example with a calculator to see if they were able to get the same answer as
before.

Conclusion:
Today we have learned how to solve for range and standard deviation by hand and with a calculator. For more practice
try problems 1,4, and 11-14 on page 90 for homework. Do problem 11 and 13 by hand and with a calculator.

Assessment(s) of the Objectives


What assessment(s) will you use to determine what
students learned and achieved during the lesson?
The assessment(s) must be aligned with
instructional objectives.

Observe if students understand the definition and process to solve range and standard deviation by looking
around the room

Ask them questions about previous knowledge they should know and the new information

Let them work examples in class and walk around to see if they are understand how to solve the range and
standard deviation

Warm-Up based on the homework to see if the students retain the information on their own the next day

Evaluation of Lesson
6

Lesson Plan Component

Description

Were objectives successfully achieved? What went


well? What would you like to improve? What
adjustments will be made in succeeding lessons?

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