© All Rights Reserved

10 views

© All Rights Reserved

- b 01060813
- Granulometric Analysis of Bima Sandstone Around Chekole in Gombe Sub Basin of the Upper Benue Trough Nigeria
- Penang Cghs 2014 (q)
- Session on Stylized Properties
- Pan Et Al-2017-Journal of Food Science
- Outdoor Pathloss Models
- Math May 2007 Exam S1
- Regression
- Statistics of Natural Images and Models Book
- Correlation and Regression
- Provenance and Sedimentology of Subic Bay Area, Zambales Province_Alcazaren
- 1
- Statistics 1st PUC Formula Book
- Copy of Data of Case Study (2)
- Descr.summary.sol
- Material and energy balance calculations for commercial production of whole neem fruit powder using particle-size distribution and energy models
- [MAS] 01_Costs and Cost Concepts_for Printing
- Ekam Candle
- Assignment 1
- Correlation

You are on page 1of 11

#2

Group with: Cindy

Kluz, Shannon Meier

and me

Sara Kornoski

Assignment #2

Pearson r (Correlation)

The research question for the Pearson r (correlation) test is what is the relationship

between how often a person prays and their general happiness. The variable for general

happiness and how often a person prays is both ordinal variables. The independent variable is

how often a person prays, and the dependent variable is general happiness. The null hypothesis is

there is no relationship between how often a person prays and their general happiness. The

alternative hypothesis is that there is a relationship between how often a person prays and their

general happiness. For the variable of general happiness the sample size is three thousand five

hundred and thirteen people. It has positive mean of 1.85, this means that on average people

were pretty happy. The standard deviation is .647, which is low and indicates that the data points

are very close to the mean. It is within the normal range of kurtosis at .659, it has unremarkable

negative kurtosis. The skewness is also within the normal range at .150, it has unremarkable

positive skewness. There are zero outliers. The histogram is normally distributed. For the

variable of how often a person prays the sample size is also three thousand five hundred and

thirteen people which is the same amount for the variable general happiness. It has a mean of

positive mean of 2.74 which means that on average people prayed several times a week and more

than once a week. The standard deviation is 1.717 which is high and indicates that the data points

are spread and not close to the mean. It is within the normal range of kurtosis at -.871 and has an

unremarkable negative kurtosis. It is within normal range of skewness of .718. It has

unremarkable positive skewness. The histogram has positive skewness but the skewness is

unremarkable. There are zero outliers. Neither one of the variables were a candidate for

transformation. The transformation (extra credit) of square root transformation was done even

though a transformation was not needed. The transformation was on the variable how often a

Assignment #2

person prays because it has a less normal skewness and kurtosis result than the variable general

happiness. The square root transformation test changed the skewness to .511 and changed the

kurtosis to -1.088. The transformation made the kurtosis greater and the skewness lower, but s

expected the statistical significance stayed great.

Descriptive Statistics Table

Percent

Percent

Percent

GENERAL HAPPINESS

3513

98.7%

46

1.3%

3559

100.0%

3513

98.7%

46

1.3%

3559

100.0%

N

Mean

Standard

Skewness

Kurtosis

Deviation

General

3513

1.85

.647

1.50

-.659

3513

2.74

1.717

.718

-.871

Happiness

How Often

Person Prays

Square root transformations

Valid

Zscore:

Zscore: HOW

GENERAL

OFTEN DOES

HAPPINESS

R PRAY

3540

3529

19

30

N

Missing

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative

Percent

Valid

-1.31591

1043

29.3

29.5

29.5

.23016

1981

55.7

56.0

85.4

1.77623

516

14.5

14.6

100.0

Assignment #2

Total

Missing

3540

99.5

19

.5

3559

100.0

System

Total

100.0

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative

Percent

Valid

-1.01579

1039

29.2

29.4

29.4

-.43414

1056

29.7

29.9

59.4

.14751

404

11.4

11.4

70.8

.72917

214

6.0

6.1

76.9

1.31082

423

11.9

12.0

88.9

1.89247

393

11.0

11.1

100.0

3529

99.2

100.0

30

.8

3559

100.0

Total

Missing

System

Total

Correlations

Pearson Correlation

Zscore: GENERAL HAPPINESS

Zscore: HOW

GENERAL

OFTEN DOES

HAPPINESS

R PRAY

1

Sig. (2-tailed)

N

Pearson Correlation

Zscore:

.074

**

.000

3540

3513

**

.074

Sig. (2-tailed)

.000

3513

3529

Chi Square

The research question for the chi square test is, is there an association between religious

preference and trust in people. The variables religious preference and trust in people are both

Assignment #2

nominal. The independent variable is religious preference and the dependent variable is trust in

people. The null hypothesis is there is not an association between religious preference and trust

in people. The alternative hypothesis is there is an association between religious preference and

trust in people. This test was run to assess the relationship between religious preference and

whether or not it has an effect on people trust. The variable trust in people has the categories for

the variable trust in people is from zero to nine, o=IAP, 1=can trust, 2=cannot trust, 3= dont

know, 4=not assigned. It has a sample size of two thousand three hundred and eighty six people

out of a population size of three thousand five hundred and fifty nine. It has a percentage of sixty

seven who responded to this question. Out of the two thousand three hundred and eighty six

people who responded to this question eight hundred and fourteen people with the percentage of

34.1 indicated that that they can trust people, and one thousand four hundred and fifty nine with

the percentage of 61.1 people indicated that they cannot trust people, and one hundred and

thirteen with the percentage of forty seven of people indicated that their trust in people depends.

The rest of this tests data is missing. The variable religious preference has a sample size of three

thousand five hundred and forty eight out of the population size of three thousand five hundred

and fifty nine who answered this question which is 99.7 percent of people. The categories for this

variable are; 0=IAP, 1=Protestant, 2=Catholic, 3=Jewish, 4=None, 5=other (specify),

6=Buddhism, 7=Hinduism, 8=Other Eastern, 9=Muslim/Islam, 10=Orthodox-Christianity,

11=Christianity, 12=Native American, 13=Inter-Nondenominational, 98=Dont Know, 99=Not

Assigned. Out of the three thousand five hundred and forty eight of people a total number of one

thousand eight hundred and twenty with percentage of 51.3 identified themselves as protestant; a

total number of eight hundred and forty one with a percentage of 23.7 people identified

themselves as catholic, a number of sixty two with a percentage of 1.7 identified themselves as

Assignment #2

Jewish, a number of five hundred and eighty two with a percentage of 16.4 identified as having

no religious preference, a total number of twenty four with a percentage of 7 identified as having

a religious preference of other which means that their religious preference was no on the survey

answers, a total number of thirty two with a percentage of 9 identified themselves as Buddhism,

a total number of fifteen with a percentage of four identified themselves as Hinduism, a total

number of five with a percentage of one identified themselves as other eastern, a total number of

twenty seven with a percentage of eight identified themselves as Muslim/Islam, a total number of

sixteen with a percentage of five identified themselves as Orthodox-Christianity, a total number

of one hundred and nine with a percentage of 3.1 identified themselves as Christianity, a total

number of one with a percentage of .0 identified themselves as native American, and lastly a

total number of fourteen with a percentage of .4 identified themselves as being interdenominational. The rest of the data information is missing because out of the three thousand

five hundred and fifty nine a total number of people who filed out the General Social Survey of

2008 not every person completed this question, only three thousand five hundred and forty eight

people filled this question out, which means that eleven people didnt answer this question and

this is why some data is missing. There is a significant relationship between religious preference

and trust in people. The alternative hypothesis is supported since religious preference is not

independent of whether or not people can trust people. The statistical results for the chi square

test is 42.63, the degree of freedom is twenty four which are free to vary, and the p value is

<.011. The percentages for the religious preference of people that can trust are Hinduism with a

percentage of 77.8, Orthodox Christian with a percentage of 54.5, and Native American with a

percentage of 100, the percentage for religious preference of people that cannot trust are

Protestant with a percentage of 62.7, Catholic with a percentage of 60., Jewish with a percentage

Assignment #2

of 53.7, people with no religious preference has a percentage of 59, people with a religious

preference of other has a percentage of 80, Buddhism with a percentage of 55.6, Muslim/Islam

with a percentage of 62.5, Christian with a percentage of 62.5, and Interdenominational had a

percentage of 63.6.

For the extra credit for the chi square test the variables are religious preference, trust in

people, and religion raised in. The variables are all nominal. From the previous test that was

done we know that religious preference and trusts in people are related, but if we add religion

raised in will there be a correlation and statistical significance. The correlation between the three

variables is .010 which is very close to zero and the statistical significance is .620 which is much

bigger than .05.

RS RELIGIOUS

CAN PEOPLE

PREFERENCE

BE TRUSTED

Valid

3548

2386

11

1173

N

Missing

RS RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE

Frequency

PROTESTANT

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

1820

51.1

51.3

51.3

841

23.6

23.7

75.0

JEWISH

62

1.7

1.7

76.7

NONE

582

16.4

16.4

93.2

OTHER (SPECIFY)

24

.7

.7

93.8

BUDDHISM

32

.9

.9

94.7

HINDUISM

15

.4

.4

95.2

OTHER EASTERN

.1

.1

95.3

MOSLEM/ISLAM

27

.8

.8

96.1

ORTHODOX-CHRISTIAN

16

.4

.5

96.5

109

3.1

3.1

99.6

CATHOLIC

Valid

Percent

CHRISTIAN

Assignment #2

NATIVE AMERICAN

.0

.0

99.6

14

.4

.4

100.0

3548

99.7

100.0

DK

.1

NA

.3

11

.3

3559

100.0

INTER-NONDENOMINATIONAL

Total

Missing

Total

Total

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative

Percent

CAN TRUST

814

22.9

34.1

34.1

1459

41.0

61.1

95.3

113

3.2

4.7

100.0

Total

2386

67.0

100.0

IAP

1169

32.8

DK

.1

NA

.0

1173

33.0

3559

100.0

CANNOT TRUST

Valid

DEPENDS

Missing

Total

Total

Chi-Square Tests

Value

df

24

.011

33.959

24

.085

Linear-by-Linear Association

.010

.919

N of Valid Cases

2378

Pearson Chi-Square

Likelihood Ratio

42.627

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative

Percent

PROTESTANT

1820

51.1

51.3

51.3

841

23.6

23.7

75.0

62

1.7

1.7

76.7

582

16.4

16.4

93.2

OTHER (SPECIFY)

24

.7

.7

93.8

BUDDHISM

32

.9

.9

94.7

CATHOLIC

JEWISH

Valid

NONE

Assignment #2

HINDUISM

15

.4

.4

95.2

.1

.1

95.3

MOSLEM/ISLAM

27

.8

.8

96.1

ORTHODOX-CHRISTIAN

16

.4

.5

96.5

109

3.1

3.1

99.6

.0

.0

99.6

14

.4

.4

100.0

3548

99.7

100.0

DK

.1

NA

.3

11

.3

3559

100.0

OTHER EASTERN

CHRISTIAN

NATIVE AMERICAN

INTER-NONDENOMINATIONAL

Total

Missing

Total

Total

Freque Perce

ncy

CAN

nt

Valid

Cumulativ

Percent

e Percent

814

22.9

34.1

34.1

1459

41.0

61.1

95.3

113

3.2

4.7

100.0

Total

2386

67.0

100.0

IAP

1169

32.8

Missi

DK

.1

ng

NA

.0

1173

33.0

3559

100.0

TRUST

CANNOT

Valid

TRUST

DEPENDS

Total

Total

Descriptive Statistics

Mean

Std. Deviation

RS RELIGIOUS PREFERENCE

2.31

2.238

2366

1.70

.550

2366

1.89

1.683

2366

Assignment #2

GENERAL HAPPINESS

Levene Statistic

3.943

df1

df2

11

3518

Sig.

.000

T test/ANOVA

The research question for the T test/ANOVA tests is what is the relationship between

religious preference and general happiness. The variables are religious preference, and general

happiness. The independent variable is religious preference and the dependent variable is general

happiness. The variable religious preference is nominal and has 12 categories and the variable

general happiness is ordinal. The null hypothesis is there is not a relationship between religious

preference and general happiness. The alternative hypothesis is there is a relationship between

religious preference and general happiness. The homogeneity of variance test showed a high

statistical significance between religious preference and general happiness at .000. The ANOVA

test showed a statistical significance of .190 in general happiness between groups. The Post hoc

test could not be performed so another ANOVA test of the variables religious preference and

general happiness was done. The variable religious preference is nominal and the variable life

exciting or dull is ordinal. The categories for the variable life exciting or dull is 0=IAP,

1=Exciting, 2= Routine, 3=Dull, 8= Dont Know, 9= Not assigned. No tests and results showed

any statistical significance between the variables of religious preference ad whether people felt

their lives were exciting or dull. The Levenes Test for Homogeneity of Variance test statistics

are 1.509, and the degree of freedom is eleven, and a degree of freedom of 2,374 and

Assignment #2

significance of .121. This test had no significance. The ANOVA test showed a statistical

significance of .092, variance of the group means / mean of the within group variances is 1.60,

and the degree of freedom is 11. The Welch Test gave the following results; statistic was 1.21,

and the degree of freedom of 11 and 1.651, the p value of .304. The Post Hoc Test for each of

the categories showed statistical significance higher than .05 for every category.

IS LIFE EXCITING OR DULL

Levene Statistic

df1

1.509

df2

11

Sig.

2374

.121

ANOVA

IS LIFE EXCITING OR DULL

Sum of

df

Squares

Between

Mean

Sig.

Square

6.632

11

.603

894.578

2374

.377

901.210

2385

1.600

.092

Groups

Within

Groups

Total

Implications

The results of my analyses would have implications for social work practice or social

welfare policy by knowing more information about the clients to be more effective and helpful to

them. For some people their religion plays a big part in their lives so it would be beneficial to

know their religious preference and how that could affect their trust in people as well as if people

pray how often and how it would affect their general happiness. In future research the

information from this study would be helpful to study different places with more cultural diverse

people to see if the findings would be different or the same as what I gathered.

10

- b 01060813Uploaded byInternational Organization of Scientific Research (IOSR)
- Granulometric Analysis of Bima Sandstone Around Chekole in Gombe Sub Basin of the Upper Benue Trough NigeriaUploaded byIJSTR Research Publication
- Penang Cghs 2014 (q)Uploaded bySTPMmaths
- Session on Stylized PropertiesUploaded byasda984
- Pan Et Al-2017-Journal of Food ScienceUploaded byPiero Espezua Gastelu
- Outdoor Pathloss ModelsUploaded byMucus Sucum
- Math May 2007 Exam S1Uploaded bydylandon
- RegressionUploaded byRatnottar Hardik
- Statistics of Natural Images and Models BookUploaded byIvan Mn
- Correlation and RegressionUploaded by12345689lak
- Provenance and Sedimentology of Subic Bay Area, Zambales Province_AlcazarenUploaded byMichael Alcazaren
- 1Uploaded byMurali Dharan
- Statistics 1st PUC Formula BookUploaded byLucky Chougale
- Copy of Data of Case Study (2)Uploaded byanmol
- Descr.summary.solUploaded bypenusila
- Material and energy balance calculations for commercial production of whole neem fruit powder using particle-size distribution and energy modelsUploaded byAshish
- [MAS] 01_Costs and Cost Concepts_for PrintingUploaded byCykee Hanna Quizo Lumongsod
- Ekam CandleUploaded byPrachi Gupta
- Assignment 1Uploaded byIrfan U Shah
- CorrelationUploaded byNurul Ikhsan
- fitdistrplusUploaded byyanaborges6213
- fitdistrplusUploaded byPedro Humberto Almeida Gonzaga
- Business Stats EuniceUploaded byNisha Rose
- 10.1.1.200.8740Uploaded bybaharmarine
- edt321Uploaded byapi-272554536
- Problems & Considerations in FD (1)Uploaded byohlyanaarti
- Unit 6 Data presentation and Analysis.pptUploaded bywossen
- An Examination of the Relationship Between Services Marketing MixUploaded byWidya Octaviani
- Climate AnalysesUploaded byAdrian Muntean
- 921-4107-1-PBUploaded byrena_parengkuan

- community analysisUploaded byapi-272668024
- fallUploaded byapi-272668024
- biopsychosocial and interventions paperUploaded byapi-272668024
- agency paperUploaded byapi-272668024
- personal statementUploaded byapi-272668024
- 3810-paper2Uploaded byapi-272668024
- community housing network paperUploaded byapi-272668024
- adolescent yearsUploaded byapi-272668024
- 4010Uploaded byapi-272668024
- transcriptUploaded byapi-272668024
- personal learning goalsUploaded byapi-272668024
- chnUploaded byapi-272668024
- resume1Uploaded byapi-272668024
- introductionUploaded byapi-272668024
- submission letterUploaded byapi-272668024

- IV Comple Applied Stat iUploaded bySharanjeet Singh
- AdvancedMatlab.pdfUploaded by6doit
- Group Project AnswerUploaded byJennyne Peipei
- Presentation 1Uploaded byDashrathsinh Rathod
- exam10Uploaded byPriyadarshini Srinivasan
- SB-quiz-3.docxUploaded byTran Pham Quoc Thuy
- Barra Predicting Risk at Short HorizonsUploaded byrichard_dalaud24
- IBM SPSS Statistics BaseUploaded byEdmundo Caetano
- 10 Risk and return - student version.pptUploaded byKalyani Gogoi
- edps 612 02 - psychological measurement and statisticsUploaded byapi-290018716
- Some Physical Properties of Samaru Sorghum 17 GrainsUploaded byAlejandro López
- School performance, social networking effects, and learning of school children: Evidence of reciprocal relationships in Abu DhabiUploaded byJosue Martinez Liwarek
- GRADISTATUploaded byMohammedHaroonShaikh
- Trading Volume and Stock ReturnUploaded byDung Tran
- 7 Normal DistributionUploaded byMayie Baltero
- Syllabus CollegeUploaded byromelraj
- 2. Definitions and basic notions.pdfUploaded byCeline Azizieh
- FRM_2018_LOBS.pdfUploaded byAnonymous gtP37gHO
- GoldSim AppendicesUploaded byHomero Edwin Mejia Cruz
- portfolio optimisationUploaded bygimbrinel
- Basic StatisticsUploaded byLokesh Gupta
- Multivariate Jump Diffusion Models for the Foreign Exchange MarketUploaded bySui Kai Wong
- Assignment 1 YearUploaded byMargie Etta Agbo
- Chap001.pptUploaded byEduardo Andraders
- Hyp TestexamUploaded byIqtidar Khan
- skewness-141018135304-conversion-gate01-converted.pptxUploaded byMandeep kaur
- In Search for Qualified Engineers: Construction of the Best Engineering Traits (BET) InventoryUploaded byCarlo Magno
- 3 CHAUDHRY Factors Affecting Portfolio Investment in PakisUploaded byAbdullah Shakir
- 1955S-2Uploaded byA.r. Pirzado
- 8a87cTutorial Sheets Prob and StatsUploaded byBharat