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Assessment

Eve Sweet

Assessment is a technique that teachers use to improve their student's learning and
prepare them for the upcoming grade levels. Assessment is not just valuable for students,
but for teachers as well. Assessment provides feedback that students give to teachers on
their learning, and teachers use this feedback to better their teaching while giving
feedback to their students as well. Marzano states that feedback "... greatly affects
whether it has a positive or negative effect on student achievement (Marzano p. 6)."
Every student and teacher must have an academic goal, and by working together, students
and teachers can achieve that goal by means of assessment.
As teachers, we need to be aware of the twenty first century skills, which are
skills that are crucial for student achievement. Some of the many skills that students
should learn by the teacher are: critical thinking, problem solving, reasoning, research
skills, creativity, self- direction, leadership, and many, many more. These skills are not
only skills that should be used in the classroom, but used outside the classroom too.
Every student is able to acquire the twenty first century skills by the guidance of the
teacher. There are many ways and activities that teachers could organize in the classroom
in which these skills are attainable. Teachers are able to measure their student's learning
by giving them multiple kinds of assessment.
There are many different kinds of assessments teachers use to assess their
students. A formative assessment is an assessment that is given during the learning
process and can either be formal or informal. An example of a formative assessment is an
exit slip. Exit slips can be used for seeing what students learned today as well as what the
teacher may have to improve. Summative assessments are given after the unit, chapter, or
end of the year. These assessments are formal. Summative assessments serve the purpose

Assessment

Eve Sweet

in letting the teacher know if students have mastered the concept. In my classroom I
would like to give my students projects to demonstrate their learning as opposed to a test.
A curriculum- based assessment is an assessment that teachers use to gauge what
material is being taught in the classroom. In Pennsylvania, we use the PA Core Standards
that pertain to English Language Arts, Mathematics, Science and Technical Subjects, and
History and Social Studies. Since these are the standard subjects in Pennsylvania,
teachers must teach based on these standards and goals that students are able to reach and
are graded on.
There will be students in my classroom whom may have a harder time with
reaching the standards, but that does not mean that the standards are not within reach.
Response to Intervention and Instruction is a research- based strategy that is available to
all students who may be behind in their academic learning. RTII is not negative but
positive. Students will be able to get help with any academic achievement through RTII
and then have a wonderful learning experience by getting all of the additional help that
they may need. Students might not understand how RTII can help them so parents and
teachers need to explain to them that it is okay and eventually, students will improve.
Every child is different in their own ways so parents and teachers must recognize and
announce it.
Going back to the twenty first century skills, many of those skills can be
performed through project- based learning. Project based learning is when students learn
new skills over certain amounts of time and are able to apply them to certain tasks. When
connecting twenty first century skills and project- based learning- take the skill problem

Assessment

Eve Sweet

solving for example, students are able to answer to this skill by breaking down and
reacting to the situation.
I want my student to know how they are going to be graded. I know I would have
succeeded more in my schoolwork if I knew what my teacher had expected of me.
Teachers need to use rubrics as soon as the first assignment is assigned so students are in
the habit of looking at rubrics and using them to their advantage. Students should have a
guideline for their assignment so they are able to hit all of the points. Rubrics also make it
easier for teachers to grade student work. I will use rubrics in my classroom for my
students to know what I am asking for and what they would need to do in order to earn
the best grade.
Grades are so imprecise that they are almost meaningless (Marzano, p.1).
Grades have total control in whether or not students are able to qualify for the next grade
level. Many teachers give students grades depending on other factors that do not have to
do with student's academic knowledge, which is not fair to the student. Grades need to be
appropriate and students should have the opportunity to manage them. A good example
of how students are able to track their grades is by containing a data notebook. A data
notebook creates a way for students to be responsible for their school assignments as well
as test scores. Students should have time during school and outside of school to update
their grades. Teachers also need to grade on time and inform student on their grades so
they can record them in their data notebook. In my classroom, I want students to be
independent in collecting and trying their best to earn the grade they receive.
Assessment is a very important tool in order for our students to succeed.
Assessment benefits students and teachers both in the short and long- run. I want my

Assessment

Eve Sweet

students to remember me in so many years and know that I did my best to make a
difference not just in academic sense, but in their life as well. I want my students to
understand my reasoning even if it did not make sense at first. Assessment is a foundation
that needs to be and everyday practice in order for it to work. Students may not know
what assessment is or how it is used, but as teachers, we are helping our students
academic achievement one assessment at a time.

Assessment

Eve Sweet
References

Marzano, Robert J. (2006). Classroom assessment and grading that work. Alexandria:
ASCD. ISBN: 13: 978-1-4166-0422-8. (eReader through Reeves Library).

21st Century Skills Definition - The Glossary of Education Reform. (n.d.). Retrieved
from http://edglossary.org/21st-century-skills/

Standards - View Standards by Subject Area and Grade Level or Course. (n.d.). Retrieved
from http://www.pdesas.org/Standard/Views

What is PBL? | Project Based Learning | BIE. (n.d.). Retrieved from


http://bie.org/about/what_pbl