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THEORY PREDICTS AND TO COMPARE DIFFERENT THEORIES
(YPOTHESES ARE WIDELY USED IN SCIENCE FOR CHOOSING WHAT DATA TO PAY ATTENTION TO AND WHAT ADDITIONAL DATA TO SEEK AND FOR GUIDING THE
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TRY TO OBSERVE AS WIDE A RANGE OF NATURAL OCCURRENCES AS POSSIBLE TO BE ABLE TO DISCERN PATTERNS
4HERE ARE DIFFERENT TRADITIONS IN SCIENCE ABOUT WHAT IS INVESTIGATED AND HOW BUT THEY ALL HAVE IN COMMON CERTAIN BASIC BELIEFS ABOUT THE
VALUE OF EVIDENCE LOGIC AND GOOD ARGUMENTS !ND THERE IS AGREEMENT THAT PROGRESS IN ALL FIELDS OF SCIENCE DEPENDS ON INTELLIGENCE HARD
WORK IMAGINATION AND EVEN CHANCE
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ABOUT THEIR METHODS AND FINDINGS &OR THAT REASON SCIENTIFIC TEAMS ARE EXPECTED TO SEEK OUT THE POSSIBLE SOURCES OF BIAS IN THE
DESIGN OF THEIR INVESTIGATIONS AND IN THEIR DATA ANALYSIS #HECKING EACH OTHERS RESULTS AND EXPLANATIONS HELPS BUT THAT IS NO GUARANTEE
AGAINST BIAS
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THEORIES ARE JUDGED BY HOW THEY FIT WITH OTHER THEORIES THE RANGE OF OBSERVATIONS THEY EXPLAIN HOW WELL THEY EXPLAIN OBSERVATIONS AND
HOW EFFECTIVE THEY ARE IN PREDICTING NEW FINDINGS
.EW IDEAS IN SCIENCE ARE LIMITED BY THE CONTEXT IN WHICH THEY ARE CONCEIVED ARE OFTEN REJECTED BY THE SCIENTIFIC ESTABLISHMENT
SOMETIMES SPRING FROM UNEXPECTED FINDINGS AND USUALLY GROW SLOWLY THROUGH CONTRIBUTIONS FROM MANY INVESTIGATORS

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)F WE COULD FIRST KNOW WHERE WE ARE AND WHITHER WE ARE TENDING


WE COULD THEN BETTER JUDGE WHAT TO DO AND HOW TO DO IT
7E ARE NOW FAR INTO THE FIFTH YEAR SINCE A POLICY WAS INITIATED
WITH THE AVOWED OBJECT AND CONFIDENT PROMISE OF PUTTING AN
END TO SLAVERY AGITATION
5NDER THE OPERATION OF THAT POLICY THAT AGITATION HAS NOT ONLY
NOT CEASED BUT HAS CONSTANTLY AUGMENTED
)N MY OPINION IT WILL NOT CEASE UNTIL A CRISIS SHALL HAVE BEEN
REACHED AND PASSED
h! HOUSE DIVIDED AGAINST ITSELF CANNOT STANDv
) BELIEVE THIS GOVERNMENT CANNOT ENDURE PERMANENTLY HALF SLAVE
AND HALF FREE
) DO NOT EXPECT THE 5NION TO BE DISSOLVED) DO NOT EXPECT THE
HOUSE TO FALLBUT ) DO EXPECT IT WILL CEASE TO BE DIVIDED
)T WILL BECOME ALL ONE THING OR ALL THE OTHER
%ITHER THE OPPONENTS OF SLAVERY WILL ARREST THE FURTHER SPREAD
OF IT AND PLACE IT WHERE THE PUBLIC MIND SHALL REST IN THE BELIEF
THAT IT IS IN THE COURSE OF ULTIMATE EXTINCTION OR ITS ADVOCATES
WILL PUSH IT FORWARD TILL IT SHALL BECOME ALIKE LAWFUL IN ALL THE
3TATES OLD AS WELL AS NEW.ORTH AS WELL AS 3OUTH
(AVE WE NO TENDENCY TO THE LATTER CONDITION
,ET ANY ONE WHO DOUBTS CAREFULLY CONTEMPLATE THAT NOW ALMOST
COMPLETE LEGAL COMBINATIONPIECE OF MACHINERY SO TO SPEAK
COMPOUNDED OF THE .EBRASKA DOCTRINE AND THE $RED 3COTT
DECISION ,ET HIM CONSIDER NOT ONLY WHAT WORK THE MACHINERY IS
ADAPTED TO DO AND HOW WELL ADAPTED BUT ALSO LET HIM STUDY
THE HISTORY OF ITS CONSTRUCTION AND TRACE IF HE CAN OR RATHER FAIL
IF HE CAN TO TRACE THE EVIDENCE OF DESIGN AND CONCERT OF ACTION
AMONG ITS CHIEF ARCHITECTS FROM THE BEGINNING

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#ATEGORY  2EADING TO COMPREHEND


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#ATEGORY  2EADING TO GET AN EXAMPLE


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#ATEGORY  2EADING TO GENERATE SOMETHING NEW


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