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INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI BRUNEI

SECOND ASSIGNMENT
HARDWARE
1. List down different kind of motherboard for the PC.
ATX motherboard
AX motherboard
2. What is the different between AX & ATX motherboard? Sketch the layout of the
motherboard.
AX motherboard is the old type of motherboard while ATX is the new type of
motherboard. The position of CPU for an AT motherboard is in series to the expansion slot
whereas for an ATX, is in parallel to the expansion slot.

INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI BRUNEI

3. List the pins number of various kind of connector on the motherboard and at the back of
the PC.
On the motherboard:

IDE connector - 40 pins


ATX power connector - 24 pins
Floppy connector - 34 pins

At the back of the PC:

USB - 4 pins
P/2 - 6 pins
Serial port - 9/15 pins
Firewire 1394 - 6 pins
VGA - 16 pins

4. What are the DC voltages we can find from the DC power supply?
+12V
5. List down the electrical problem we are facing when operating our PC?
Electrical problems can be from outside of the PC entirely (a frayed power cable, a bad
socket, a dying UPS battery) or from within it (a failing system power supply, a faulty soft
switch).
6. What are ESD, EMI and RFI?

ESD -Electro Static Discharge


EMI - Electric Machine Industry
RFI - Radio Frequency Identification

7. List Different kind of PC storage.


RAM, ROM, Floppy disk
8. List various kinds of RAM and their pins number.

SDRAM - 164 pins


DDRRAM - 184 pins
Rambus In-Line Memory Module 184 pins
Small Outline DIMMS 144 pins
Single In-Line Memory Module 72 pins
Double In-Line Memory Module 168 pins
AGP In-Line Memory Module 66 pins

INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI BRUNEI

OPERATING SYSTEM

1. What is the function of OS?


Operating System is an interface between hardware & user which is responsible for the
management and wordination of activities & sharing resource of computer.
2. List down some of the OS that we can use in a small computer.
GUI, Multi-user, Multiprocessing, Multitasking & Multithreading.
3. What is the different between text based and graphic base OS?
A text based OS which doesn't have desktop just text to let the OS do something, you
need to type the command. Graphic based OS has desktop has a desktop and isn't just
text on your screen. Windows 3.1 was the first graphic based OS.
4. List down some of the internal and external command of the text based and briefly
explain the function of these command.
Internal
cd - change directory
dir - list the directory
cls - clear screen
External
Fdisk - create set, delete & display partition.
Format - format primary partition
Setup - install operating system
5. What is FDISK used for and then list down the menu that we can find under FDISK.
FDISK is used to create or delete partition in the hard drive.Create, set & display partition
menu can be found.
6. Explain briefly what File System is.
File System is a method for storing and organizing computer files and the data they
contain to make it easy to find it and access them.
7. What is the difference between physical and logical drive?
Physical disk is the actual tangible unit of hardware of a disk. Logical disk is a device that
provides an area of usable storage capacity on one or more physical disk drive component
in a computer system.
8. List down the complete steps on how to install Windows 98 OS?
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.

Start-up Win98
Press key to the BIOS setup
By pressing F2
Detect Drive
Select & then boot from CD
3

INSTITUT TEKNOLOGI BRUNEI

vi.
vii.
viii.
ix.
x.
xi.
xii.
xiii.
xiv.
xv.
xvi.
xvii.
xviii.
xix.
xx.
xxi.
xxii.
xxiii.

then set the setting to


Hard disk drive
From Floppy A
Click F10 to save
On the screen
Enter FDisk for partitioning
Select from the menu
create
Then choose from the list
to create a primary disk drive
Then set up the no. of
drive you want to have
Then save, then partition is made
Then set the partition to be set active
Then restart the program by clicking Ctrl + ALt + Delete
Then go to D:\ then to F:\
Enter format, to format your disk
Then the Win98 is setup

9. What is the difference between basic & dynamic disk?


Basic disks are the ones that IT pros are most familiar with, and the typical terms and
technologies apply. Dynamic disks support new features and spot new terminology.