APUSH Unit 2 Test Study Guide Chapter 4 Questions: 1.

The Portuguese were aided by financiers from what country to create a center for sugar production in northeast Brazil? 2.The English entered the slave trade with the voyages of: 3.One of the few narratives providing an African recount of enslavement is by who? 4.The reaction of the African captives to being put on the ships was one of what? 5.According to a French trader, many African slaves were convinced that they would be what? 6.Slaves were not as numerous as indentured servants in the 17th century Chesapeake because: 7.The African who in 1564 petitioned a local Virginia court for his freedom was: 8.Those slaves who were offspring of slaves already in North America were said to be what? 9.The single most important commodity produced in the 18th century North American colonies was what? 10.Slavery in the Spanish colonies was what? Chapter 5 Questions: 1.As representatives of the Catholic Church, Spanish missionaries believed what? 2.The heart of the French community in North America was the what? 3.Communities such as Detroit and Kahnawake, which combined European and Native American elements, were characteristic of the what? 4.Religious persecution in Massachusetts Bay included what? 5.The middle colonies of New York and Pennsylvania were quite similar because both were what? 6.Most North American colonists in the mid-18th century found the community to be more important than the what? 7.The majority of North American colonists made their living as what? 8.Non-British immigrants to British North America were allowed to become naturalized citizens of the colonies by parliament's passage of the ____________ of 1740. 9.The most wealthy and economically sound colony in the New World was what? 10.A basic principle of order in 18th century Britain was deference to a(n) what? Chapter 6 Questions: 1.The 1765 pamphlet, considerations on the Propriety of Imposing Taxes, written by Daniel Dulany argued what? 2.The main way the colonists protested the Townshend Revenues Acts was through what? 3.The Daughters of Liberty organized what? 4.Which colony enacted the first legislation banning the import of goods that were enumerated in the Townshend Acts? 5.The Tea Act of 1773 was an effort to save what? 6.The Boston Tea Party was held to do what? 7.The First Continental Congress in 1774, passed a Declaration and Resolves measure that did what? 8.The Quartering Act legalized what? 9.Who replaced Thomas Hutchinson as governor of Massachusetts? 10.Members of the Second Continental Congress were elected how? 11.In Common Sense, the Englishmen Thomas Paine argued what? 12.In 1776, what two foreign powers approved the shipping of supplies to the rebellious colonies?

APUSH Unit 2 Test Study Guide Chapter 4 Answers: 1.Holland 2.John Hawkins 3.Olaudah Equiano 4.Despair and desire to escape. 5.Eaten 6.They offered little economic benefit (cost twice as much but had a shorter lifespan) 7.John Castor 8.Country born 9.Tobacco 10.Criticized by the Church and Crown, but still continued. Chapter 5 Answers: 1.They were protectors of the traditions of Rome. 2.The communities of farmers. 3.Inclusive frontier 4.Banishment (Anglicans & Baptists) & exiling, jailing, whipping, and executing (Quakers). 5.Ethnically diverse 6.Individual 7.Subsistence farmers 8.Plantation Act 9.New England 10.Natural Hierarchy Chapter 6 Questions: 1.Actual representation (no taxing without elected Parliament members) 2.Non-importation and non-consumption 3.Spinning and weaving bees to produce homespun for local consumption. 4.Virginia 5.The East India Company 6.Imposed sanctions against British imports and exports. 7.Resolve the impasse on what to do with the tea ships. 8.Housing of troops at public expense. 9.Thomas Gage 10.Colony-wide conventions 11.That the British system rested on aristocracy and monarchy and was not appropriate for America. 12.France & Spain

APUSH Unit 3 Test Study Guide Questions

1.The militias during the war for independence were what? 2.The war in the trans-Appalachian West did what? 3.The members of the American peace commission included who? 4.The Americans who did not support the Patriot cause and remained true to the British crown called themselves what? 5.One of the most accomplished mathematicians and astronomers of late 18th-century America was the African American ___________________________. 6.The phrase developed during the Revolutionary War for things of little or no value was 7.The 3-year delay in the ratification of the Articles of Confederation revealed what? 8.The secretary of finance who began to establish a sound financial basis for the United States in 1781 was who? 9.The secretary enjoyed victory after victory in the South between 1778 and 1780, with the biggest victory at _______________________. 10.The women who traveled with armies were known as what? 11.The label for the political position that argued for balanced government and opposed the king's prerogative before 1776 and the tyranny of the majority after 1776 was known as: 12.The 11,000 men under George Washington's command at Valley Forge formed the what? 13.Of all the new state constitutions, one of the most democratic was that of which state? 14.Revolutionary idealism, upholding freedom and equality as goal had which effects? 15.The legislation that provided for the organization and government of the territory north of the Ohio River was the what? 16.Hamilton's fiscal program gave wealthy Americans an interest in what? 17.The Anti-Federalist believed in what? 18.The Federalist-controlled Congress passed the Alien and Sedition Acts because 19.Who was described by Jefferson as "hot-headed" and "indecent towards the President"? 20.The fundamental problem leading to the Indian wars and the defeat of Harmar and St. Clair in 1790 and 1791 was the what? 21.The map of distribution of the vote on ratification of the Constitution shows that those in favor lived where? 22.During the inflationary period of the Revolutionary War, which year saw the most rapid loss of value for continental currency? 23.As a result of the battle of Fallen Timbers the Indians did what? 24.The British policy in the south was one of what? 25.The map of North America after the Treaty of Paris shows that what? 26.The battles in New York and New Jersey in the summer and fall of 1776 convinced Washington of what? 27.During 1777 and 1778, which pair of nations, traditional enemies of Great Britain, loaned the Americans money? 28.The Continental Army's winter encampment of 1778, which came to symbolize the Patriots endurance and egalitarianism, was at 29.In 1788, which state was the linchpin in the Federalist campaign for the Constitution to be ratified? 30.Who led the Jeffersonian Republicans following the retirement of Madison? 31.On the issue of slavery, the Constitution in 1787 effectively guaranteed what? 32.The most likely opponents of the Constitution at the ratifying conventions were who? 33.The Patriots referred to those Americans who remained loyal to the British crown as what?

APUSH Unit 3 Test Study Guide Answers

1.Unreliable and undisciplined 2.Barely paused before continuing for the next two decades. 3.Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and John Adams. 4.Loyalists 5.Benjamin Banneker 6.“Not worth a Continental.” 7.How one state could hold up the ratification process. 8.Robert Morris 9.Charleston 10.Camp followers 11.Whigs 12.Continental Army 13.Pennsylvania 14.Discontinuation of government support for Churches, passing Jefferson’s bill in Virginia to ban primogeniture, make marriage equal partnership, introduction of a bill abolishing law of entails, and ensure religious freedom. 15.Northwest Ordinance of 1787 16.Government success 17.Montesquieu’s belief that a republic only succeeds in small countries. 18.Political opposition to the government was considered treason. 19.Edmond Genêt 20.Conflict between land and treating the Indians justly. 21.In sections of the country linked to the commercial economy (the coastal region) 22.1780 23.Ceded territory that included most of present day Ohio, Indiana, Detroit, and Chicago (The Treaty of Greenville) 24.Pacification 25.Four nations continued to make conflicting claims to extensive areas. 26.Defensive policy was the Patriots’ best hope. 27.France and Spain 28.Valley Forge 29.Massachusetts 30.Albert Gallatin 31.The continuation of slavery. 32.Debtors and farmers from the interior 33.Tories

Unit 4 Study Guide Questions 1.In 1800, the most important urban centers in the US where what? 2.What helped Jefferson achieve his goal of reducing the size of the government? 3.The Embargo Act was what? 4.The economic measures used by Jefferson and Madison to try to stop Britain and France from interfering with US neutral rights included what? 5.Jefferson's Indian policy was a what? 6.The battle of Tippecanoe made who a hero to white Americans? 7.The Indian reaction to the treaties negotiated by William Henry Harrison between 1801 and 1809 showed what? 8.The War Hawks wanted to do what? 9.The American attacks on Canada during the war of 1812 failed because 10.The Treaty of Ghent settled what? 11.The major migration routes westward show that what? 12.Monroe's adoption of the American System in 1816 shows that both parties had what? 13.When the Second Bank of the United States was chartered, it showed that what? 14.The Adams-Onis Treaty (Transcontinental Treaty of 1819) drew the border with whom? 15.The Panic of 1819 produced what? 16.The Missouri Compromise allowed the South to do what? 17.In the election of 1828 the Democrats won by doing what? 18.Henry Clay's American System included what proposals? 19.The political stage of the 1830s that centered on the functional problem of how to balance the interests of the states against the interests of the nation was the what? 20.The issue of the 1820s and 1830s that came to represent conflicting sectional interests most was the what? 21.Southerners were particularly angry about the 1828 tariff because: 22.The defense of the doctrine of nullification written anonymously by John C. Calhoun in 1832 was the what? 23.Calhoun supported the doctrine of nullification because: 24.Chief Justice John Marshall ruled in favor of Cherokee sovereignty and against Georgia in what case? 25.The forced removal of the Cherokee from the East to Indian Territory is known as the what? 26.After the veto of the Maysville Road Bill, internal improvements such as roads and canals were built with funding from? 27.In cases such as Gibbons v. Ogden, the Marshall Court used which principle? 28.The dispute over whether to renew the charter of the Second Bank of the United States became known as the what? 29.The first third party in United States history, one sign of the widespread anti-elite sentiment that helped elect Jackson, was the what? 30.The Whig Party and a second two-party system developed in opposition to what? 31.The popular name for the economic theory that says economic decisions should be made by market forces is what? 32.Jackson made the Bank of the United States death certain when he did what? 33.The financial collapse that followed the speculative boom after Jackson killed the Second Bank of the United States was the what? 34.Jackson's directive that the government would accept payment for public lands only in gold or silver was the what? 35.The Whigs campaign slogan in 1840 was what? 36.After Harrison died, John Tyler took over and did what? 37.What nickname was given to Martin Van Buren? 38.The inventor of the telegraph was? 39.The author of the leather stocking novels was? 40.What Tennessean was the basis for almanacs offering a mix of humorous stories and tall tales?

Unit 4 Study Guide Answers 1.Atlantic Seaports (Charleston, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, and Boston) 2.Eliminated debt, cut taxes, reduced navy and government office. 3.An economic disaster for the United States 4.Non-importation Act; Non-Intercourse Act; Macon’s Bill #2; Embargo Act of 1807 5.Well intentioned, but destructive 6.William Henry Harrison 7.Being obtained by coercion, bribery, trickery, and weren’t accepted by Indians. 8.Occupy Florida and prevent runaway slaves from seeking refuge with the Seminoles; assert independence from England; invade Canada; stop oppressment 9.The New England States opposed the war and refused to provide militias and supplies. They also underestimated British forces. 10.Nothing. It ended the war, but did not settle disagreements. 11.Each area of the country had its own route west. 12.Economical and commercial conditions where farmers and merchants succeeded 13.Commercial interest rivaled farmer interest 14.Spanish settled lands in the Pacific 15.Southern anger towards the government (know what it produced and what it caused) 16.Admit Missouri as a slave state 17.Maintaining a national coalition (North, West, and South) 18.Tariffs, internal improvement (roads, canals, railroads), and a national bank 19.The Nullification Crisis 20.Protective tariff that placed a duty on imported goods 21.Congress passed it to gain northern support for Jackson 22.Exposition and protest 23.He saw it as a safeguard of the rights of the minority 24.Worcester v. Virginia 25.Trail of Tears 26.States and local government 27.Supply and demand 28.Bank War 29.Anti-Masonic Party 30.“King Andrew’s” economic policies and arbitrary methods 31.Laissez-Faire 32.Transferring $10 million government deposits to state (pet) banks. 33.Panic of 1837 34.Specie Circular 35.“Tippecanoe and Tyler too” 36.Vetoed a series of bills embodying all the elements of Clay’s American System 37.Van Ruin 38.Samuel F. B. Morse 39.James Fennimore Cooper 40.Davy Crockett

Unit 5 Study Guide Questions 1.The amount charged or bartered for in the pre-industrial world tended to be set by the community and was called the: 2.What was true of pre-industrial, rural societies 3.A social system in which males, especially husbands and fathers, rule is called: 4.The market revolution did what 5.Put the following events in chronological order: first strike at Lowell mills, eerie canal opens, Finney’s Rochester revivals, Beecher's treatise on domestic economy is published. 6.To achieve middle class status, people often broke with tradition and did what? 7.In the early US, as a patriarchal society, women and children were legally considered what? 8.The graph of the distribution of wealth in Boston between 1687 and 1848 shows that commerce and the market system created greater what? 9.Mills in rural areas, such as Samuel Slater's in the Dudley-Oxford area created distinctions between what? 10.Interchangeable parts became famous with? 11.The best way to describe the Lowell mill is as what? 12.Who were some of the major transcendentalist? 13.Raising children in the middle class households took time and effort because it involved what? 14.The social order that ranked people according to occupation and status in the 18th century began to what? 15.The National Road tied what together? 16.The entertainment offered by the new working class culture included what? 17.The Irish immigrants were often opposed and discriminated against for which reasons? 18.The prohibition established on the discussion of anti-slavery petitions in Congress from 1836 to 1844 was known as what? 19.The resolution that was considered the most radical of those passed by women reformers in upper New York State in July 1848 was the demand for women to have what? 20.The author of the 1838 publication letters on the Equality of the Sexes and the Conditions of Women was the Southern anti-slavery advocate: 21.Publications such as the penny papers and stories of Edgar Allan Poe suggest Americans what? 22.The city that, by 1860, had the largest population and largest port was what? 23.A system of payment that exchanges goods rather than money is what? 24.One of the effects of the market revolution on families was that men and women had to have what? 25.Middle class families in the early 19th century sought to limit the number of children they had by using what methods. 26.Charles G. Finney became famous for preaching in what area? 27.Supporters of the reformation convention were often people involved in one or more of the other following reforms: 28.William Millers followers who believed the Day of Judgment would come October 22 1843 became the core of the what? 29.Sentimentalism was expressed in which ways? 30.The map of reform movements in upper New York State shows that the area most changed by the Erie Canal became such a hot-bed of religious revivals it became known as the what?

Unit 5 Study Guide Answers 1.Just price 2.Work was carried out on an unscheduled, task oriented basis; work was part of a network of mutual obligations; family worked together to produce food and other goods; products were paid for by bartering. 3.Patriarchal society 4.Downgraded many independent artisans; undermined the hierarchal society; promoted social mobility; transformed the middle sort into the middle class 5.Eerie canal opens; Finney’s revival; Lowell Mills strike; Beecher’s treatise 6.Made mothers responsible for training boys and girls for success 7.A man’s property 8.A greater economic gap between social class 9.Local communities and mill workers 10.Springfield rifles 11.Patriarchal establishment with strict controls 12.Ralph Waldo Emerson; Henry David Thoreau; Margaret Fuller 13.A long period of nurturing in the beliefs and personal habits necessary for success. 14.Break down and was replaced by an order based on wealth 15.The East and West 16.Mellow dramas; dancing girls and horseback rides; ice cream parlors 17.Grouped together in their own neighborhoods; Catholic; anti-British; poor and sick 18.The Gag Rule 19.Voting Rights 20.Sarah Grimké 21.Were fascinated by the violence around them 22.New York 23.Bartering System 24.Different roles and more cooperation 25.Caitus interruptus; rhythm method; abstinence; abortion; infrequent intercourse 26.Upper New York state 27.Temperance; Education; Abolition 28.Seventh-day Adventists 29.Sermons that advocated individualism 30.“Burned-over” district

APUSH History Unit 6 Test Study Guide Questions 1.Know the Highlights of the election of 1848. 2.After Texas became a republic Congress refused to do what? 3.The "frontier of exclusion" in Oregon was clearly marked by the what? 4.Juan Nepomuceno Seguin should be better remembered as what? 5.In the years before Texas became independent, Tejanos joined Americans in favoring what? 6.On the overland trails Indian attacks were what? 7.The Tejano community included who? 8.The artists who painted the West included whom? 9.The results of the California gold rush included what? 10.President Polk, prior to the declaration of war with Mexico, did what? 11.The "five civilized tribes in the southern part of Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) were what? 12.The second American Party System witnessed all of the following events? 13.Bent's Fort and the America community in Santa Fe are examples of the what? 14.Zachary Taylor and the Whigs won in 1848 for which reasons? 15.The annual gathering of fur trappers and traders in the Rockies to trade, drink, and gamble was known as the what? 16.Authors identified with the American Renaissance include who? 17.Nativism in the 1850s refers to the fear and hatred of? 18.The state constitution of Kansas, under which the pro-slavery territorial government applied for admission to the Union in 1857, was known as the? 19.The election of 1852 was important because? 20.The correct chronological order of the following is: Dred Scott decision, Free Soil Party formed, Uncle Tom's Cabin published, Ostend Manifesto 21.The emergence of the Free Soil Party in 1848 suggests its supporters were what? 22.Those who intentionally contributed to the rising violence in Kansas included whom? 23.The graph on overland immigration to Oregon, California, and Utah shows that the largest number of emigrants moved to all three places in what year? 24.The map of the situation in 1840 when Texas was changing from a Mexican province to a US state shows that Indian Territory included parts of which states? 25.The doctrine that the US had a god given right for westward expansion encompassed which ideas? 26.The fact that the Great Plains was regarded as too dry and infertile to farm led to its reputation as the what? 27.The violence and killing between the pro-slavery and antislavery forces became open warfare in 1856, which led people to refer to Kansas as what? 28.In the 1850s, the belief that there was a southern slave-owner conspiracy to make the entire country a slave country spread among Northerners because? 29.The California mining camps show that the "forty-niners" were motivated most by what? 30.When the southern states began to secede southerners were divided along what?

APUSH History Unit 6 Test Study Guide Answers 1.Whigs split; Van Buren ran for the Free Soil Party; Taylor is elected; Cass ran for the Democratic Party 2.Grant Statehood 3.Indian Wars 4.One of the few who survived the Alamo and was at San Jacinto 5.Provincial autonomy 6.Rare 7.Illegal immigrants; poor farmers; wealthy ranchers 8.Moran; Bierstadt; Badmer; Miller 9.Ghost towns; multicultural society with racial discrimination; dispossession of Californios and Indians; large gold mining industry 10.Sent soldiers to Texas and naval squadron to California; John Slidell to Mexico; Sent a letter to ______________ 11.Had government, schools, churches, and slavery (not unlike America) 12.Annexation of Texas; Taylors expulsion from Whig Party; Northern opposition to Mexican-Americas; Emergence of Liberty Party; Division of Northern and Southern parties 13.Frontiers of inclusion 14.Martin Van Buren divided the Democrats; Taylor ran as a war hero; Cass alienated the North Whigs ran as a third party, splitting votes 15.Rendezvous 16.Nathanial Hawthorne; Henry Thoreau; Walt Whitman; Herman Melville; Emily Dickinson; Frederick Douglass 17.Immigration 18.Lecompton Constitution 19.Division of political parties 20.Free Soil Party formed; Uncle Tom; Ostend Manifesto; Dred Scott 21.Advocating rights of non-slave holding whites 22.John Brown; Senator David Hatchinson 23.1851 24.Oklahoma; Kansas; Nebraska 25.Spread democracy; more backwards people were not developing God’s bounty 26.The Great American Desert 27.Bleeding Kansas 28.South in Senate à Northerners feared inequality; Senate vetoed presidential candidates 29.Getting rich 30.Up Country, Low Country

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