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Date:

Vocabulary: equation, solution, zero pair

Suppose you want to buy a new t-shirt for $15. So far, you have saved $9 from your allowance.

1. Write an equation to model the situation. Let x be the amount you need.

Explain.

Gizmo Overview

An equation can be used to model real-life situations. An equation is a mathematical sentence

that states that two expressions are equal. In the Modeling One-Step Equations GizmoTM, you

will solve an equation using tiles to isolate the variable. The solution is the value or values that

make the equation true. The Gizmo provides you with step-by-step instructions.

Heres how the Gizmo looks at first. The equation for you to solve is given at the top left.

Read your

instructions in the

Gizmo.

To add a zero pair

to one side, drag

the pair from here.

A zero pair is a

pair of values

whose sum is

zero.

To add a 1-tile or

a 1-tile to each

side, click on the

tile here.

Activity:

Solving an

equation

left corner. If not, click Refresh in your browser.

1. Notice that the Gizmo has already modeled the equation x + 3 = 7 with tiles for you.

A. How many tiles are used to model x + 3?

x-tiles:

1-tiles:

x-tiles:

1-tiles:

C. In order to solve the equation, you must isolate the variable, or get x by itself. In this

case, you need to remove three 1-tiles to isolate the x. Drag the three 1-tiles out of

the left-hand bin. (You can either remove them one at a time, or you can drag a box

around all three and remove them together.)

D. When you remove a tile from the left side, a tile is also removed from the right side.

Why do you think this is?

E. When the x-tile is by itself, how many 1-tiles remain on the right?

F. What is the solution to the equation x + 3 = 7?

G. Substitute the solution into the given equation. What do you get?

2. Click New. The next equation you should see is x 4 = 5.

A. To solve the equation, you need to isolate x. Why can you not remove four 1-tiles

from both sides?

B. Add four 1-tiles to both sides of the equation. You now have four zero pairs on the

left side. Drag a box around them and remove them.

C. Why do you think you can remove these tiles from the left side without removing any

from the right side?

(Activity continued on next page)

4. Solve each equation below, by hand. Just as with tiles, be sure to isolate the x, and

whatever you do to one side of the equation, be sure to do it to the other side also.

A. x + 5 = 12

D. x 4 = 2

B. x + 6 = 2

E. x 7 = 10

C. x 3 = 8

F. x + 5 = 3

5. If you were solving the six problems above in the Gizmo, which ones would have required

zero pairs?

Why?

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